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THE ARIZONA. REPUBLICAN.
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL n 1 I! 1; TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 12 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY MORNING-, SEPTEMBER 26,4914 12 PAGES .VOL. 'XXV. NO. 131 REINFORCED ALLIES SEND GERMAN WING REELING BACKWARDS Fmnh and British Troops, Intermingled With Tur--is and Moors, More Than I Told Own Against Ger man Western Wing FIGHTING AT CLOSE QUARTERS F.xact Position of Battle is Not Announced, But It is Generally Known En gagement is of Prime Importance- LONDON, Saturday, Sept. 2fi. : That Cracow has beer occupied i hy Oman troops and the town ! has been put Hinder a German niil ' itary commandant, and the Aus trian civil administration displao- -d. is the. (fist of the latest ail ; vices received here, says the ; Petrograd correspondent of the ! Morning Post. "All the original ; administration of the town, and all civil authorities of the Austrian i , government have left and resi- 1n are leaving in a panic." ... ; ... ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH 1 AT RATTLK FRONT (via Paris) Sept. 2i. The French and British troops, intermingled with Turcos and Moors, not only held tbeir own, but caused the strongly reinforced German western wing to reel backwards near St. vtuentin yesterday and today and imperiled the German line of commu nication toward the frontier of Belgi um. The German center has been weak ened by the rush of troops from the lsitkn to meet the threatened move ment of the allies and the two strong limes were engaged in close quarters today letween St. Quentin and Terg nier. Military authorities naturally refuse to permit a disclosure of the ixact position of the fighting, but it is generally known the battle now prog ressing is of prime importance. Mean while at other parts of the battle line, about 12 miles long, fighting contin ued in a dogged fashion. The allied troops followed the ex ample set by the Germans and dug themselves deeply in. The artillery of both armies kept up an incessant fire, while the French and German aviators rw-onnoitered from above. Command ers of the allied forces have found the reason for the wonderful precision of the German fire in a spy discovered in their lines who signalled the directions, ile was caught and immediately shot. All the troops appear to have be come thoroughly hardened, and ac customed to conditions. The commis suriac and ammunition supply depart ments are working perfectly. While the soldiers are occupying advanced' firing lines they are scarcely ever without .ne hot meal a day, which is brought tlwm in camp kettles from the field kitchen. The British 8ltillery officers praise highly (he gunnery of their opponents. They declare the German shells almost always burst at accurate range, but often too high to do damage. The sol diers rest occasionally ' while in the deep trenches, smoking pipes or ci garettes, for ration tobacco is served regularly. Meanwhile the shells tear hy overhead with the sound of ripping parchment. Dacisiv Result Soon LONDON. Sept 25. Almost simul taneously two great hammer strokes in the battle of Northern France have fallen and some decisive result must 1 announced before long. The allies f truck the German right and the Wrmans, on their part, hurled them selves against the French line be tween Verdun and 'Youl. The com mencement of these, two attacks in .irnest were disclosed by a French ..ffi ial statement this afternoon, hut little wa's told of "how they were i.-ogressing. Little information is available from other scenes of con flict because ' the strictest censorship has been established. The action against the German right is described as very violent, in which the French left encountered an army corps composed of troops which the Germans brought from the center of Lorraine and Vosges. Tho clash occurred in the district be tween Tergnler and St. Quentin so that the French huve made consider able advance in the northwest since Marconi Wireless Station Is Closed By President ASSOCIATE! PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Sept.. 25. By order of the nresitfent, as commander-in-i hief of the army and navy, the wire less station of the Marconi company at Siascnnset. Mass., was closed today iK-cause it declined to recogpize the right of the federal .government to ex ercise censorship over its plant. The navy department took no cog nisance of the fact that the Marconi company filed in the federal court ap-, plication for an injunction to restrain ihe naval officers from closing or cen soring the station. The wireless company finally decided Teddy's Daughter As War Nurse NEW YORK, Sept. 5. Theodore Roose velt's daughter, Ethel, the wife of Dr. Richard Derby, will nurse the wounded in the hospitals of Paris, and her hus band will be a surgeon in'the French city. The two will sail for Europe I on the White Star liner ( Olympic on Saturday. R it-hard Derby, Jr., i during their absence, J will be taken care of at (Yd. Roosevelt's home at Oyster Bay. The ! babv is 6 months old. ! : I last , mention was made of this part of their army. The country is a roll ing one, intersected by streams, can als and a perfect network of roads running in all directions. The French report admits the Ger mans succeeded in gaining a footing1 or. the Meuse and have pushed for ward in the direction of St. MJhiel in bombarding the forts of Parodies and the Roman camp which face each other across the Meuse. Some confirmation comes of yes terday's report that the Germans suf fered a reverse on the East Prussian frontier. Several trainloads of wound ed, including German prisoners, cr n ed at Pskov, according to a Petro grad dispatch, having been engaged in severe fighting on the borders of Suwalki, where they say Germans suffered heavy losses. While, the Servians and Montene grins are closing in on the Bosnian city of Sarajevo, the Austrians have retaliated hy resuming the bombard ment of Belgrade which during the early weeks of the war was under constant fire from the Austrian guns across the river. They also attempt ed to cross the Danube, but accord ing to Servian reports, failed. The French and British navies have annexed the island of Lissa in the Adriatic. The object of this capture, according to Italian reports, is to induce the Austrian fleet to come out and accept battle. The Australian navy also has been busy again and added another Ger man possession in the South Pacific to its list of captures. This time it is Kaiser Wilhelmland, the German portion of New Guinea, one of the emperor's most valuable colonies in that part of the world. It is expect ed that Admiral Patey will take the rest of the German Pacific islands, leaving a small garrison at each. To fill up the gaps in the ranks of the officers, caused by the casual ties in France, the war office is pro moting a large number of non-commissioned officers to commissioned ranks. The first list of these ap peared tonight. German airships and aeroplanes are again flying along the Belgian and French coast, dropping bombs at Ostend, and Boulogne, without doing a great amount of damage. They have not yet ventured across the channel but are fully expected to do so when conditions axe favorable. While these craft drop bombs, the object of their flights is doubtless to find out what the allies .are doing on the coast. The Germans expect some move in that direction as, ac cording to reports from Belgian and Dutch sources, they are strengthen ing their positions through the occu pied territory. APPEALS T5 IRISH DUBLIN, via London, Sept. 25. Premier Asquith appeared at Man sion house tonight for the purpose, as he expressed it in his opening speech, "as the head of the king's government to summon loyal and patriotic Ireland to take her place in the defense of our common cause." ' The prime minister received a tremendous welcome when he ap peared at Mansion House with John Redmond, the Irish nationalist lead er, pnd the Earl of Aberdeen, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. to offer no resistance and the station was closed at 1 o'clock this afternoon. When Ensign E. B. Nixon informed the wireless company of his instruc tions to close the station he was given a letter saying: "We acknowledge the receipt of the letter of Instructions to cease all ramo communications and ask If you are pre pared to carry out the order by force. Marconi Wireless Telegraph company of America." Ensign Nixon wired for instructions, but before receiving them he wired the navy deportment, "The Marconi com pany withdraws its letter and the sta tion is closed." HERE'S LOUVAIN'S FINEST THOROUGFARE AFTER CITY'S DESTRUCTION BY GERMANS V3'! i ' . (c) Underwood &. U.ideiwooi Here's the fashionable Rue de Statu n, Louvain's finest, thoroughfare, after its destruction by the Germane. Former residents of ihe neighbor hood are seen making tliair way thru ugh the ruins which re;ai:id one of the wreckage of Pompeii after its destruction. VI OF BRITISH BOATS Officially Announced That Nearlv Sixtv Officers and 14(K " Men' Were Lost When Three Cruisers Oo to the Rottom associated press dispatch LOXlOX, Sept. 25. It is officially innounced that nearly sixty officers and 140(1 men were lost in the sinking j of the British cruisers Ahoukir, Hogue ' and t'ressy in the North sea. The admiralty, publishing reports of the 1 senior surviving officers, lays down a ! rule that military dispositions and in terests take precedence over saving j life in such cases and ships are to be left to their own resources as in battle. "The sinking of the Aboukir," the admiralty report says, "was the ordin ary hazard Aif patrolling duty. The Hogue and Cressy, however, were sunk '.because they proceeded to the assist ance of their consort and remained with engines stopped, endeavoring to save life and thus presenting easy and certain targets to further submarine attacks." The report-' on the sinking of the Cressy, signed by Bertram W. L. Nicholson, commander of the late H. M. S. t'ressy follows: "Sir: I have the honor to submit the follpwing report in connection with the sinking of H. M. S. Cressy in company with II. M. S. Ahoukir and Hogue on the morning of the 22nd of September while on patrol duty. 'The Aboukir was struck about 6: -5 a. m., on the starooard beam, ine Hogue and Cressy closed in and took up a position, the Hogue ahead of the Aboukif and the Cressy about AW yards on her port beam. As soon as it was seen the Aboukir was in dan ger of sinking, all the boats were sent away from the Cressy and the picket boat hoisted out without steam up. When the cutters were full of the Aboukir's men returning to the Cressy, the Hogue was struck, appar ently under the aft 9.2 magazine, as a very heavy explosion took place al most immediately. Almost directly after the Hogue was hit, we observed a periscope oti our port now aooui 300 yards off. . "Fire was immediately opened and the engines put full speed ahead with the intention of running her down. Our gunner, Mr. Dougherty, positively asserts that he hit the periscope and that the submarine sank. An officer who was standing alongside the gun ner thinks the shell struck only a floating timber, but it was evidently the impression of the men on the. deck who cheered and clapped heartily that the 'submarine was hit. This submarine' did not fire a torpedo at the Cressy. "Captain Johnson then maneuvered the ship so as to render assistance to the 'crews of the Hogue and Abou kir. About five minutes later another periscope was seen on our starboard quarter and ire was opened. The track of the torpedo as she fired at a range of 500 to 600 yards 'was plainly visible and it struck us on the starboard side just before the after bridge. ' "The ship listed about ten degrees to the starboard and remained steady. All the water tight doors, dead lights and scuttles had been securely closed before the torpedo struck the ship. All mess stools, table shores and all available timber below and on deck were previously got up and thrown (Continued on Page Six) OF SB CARRANZA FORCES ARE ROUTED IN FIRST BOUT OF NEW associated press dispatch POFOLAS. Sept. Carranza forc es under Genetal Gil were routed by troops of Maytorena in the first en gagement of the new revolution. May torena reported tonight that his men killed 7S of Gil's troops, including two majors, and nine other officers, fine hundred prisoners wore captured to gether with large quantities of ammu- nition and supplies. Fighting began early today near i Santa Barbara and continued through- out the retreat toward Santa Cruz. Concentration of Carranza forces,) including all garrisons in northern So- noia which answered Gil's order for "riuen hi i-wcw..K n,- ..o.,. their aid, were ordered to Naco where j eulties between himself and Villa. Car at is expected a definite test llf ! strength will come. Gil is playing for i time until Gen. lturba arrives with re- j ! inforcements from Sinaloa. Gil's ; wounded were first taken to Cananoa, j his headquarters, but tonight he ar- rived at Naco with the Cananea ref- j j ugees. Supplies and munitions are re- ported on tne way ami as ine iroofis are withdrawn from the west, the rail road bridges are reported burned. Call for Volunteers EAGLE PAHS, Sept. 25. Circulars calling for volunteers for the constitu tionalist iirmv f the states of Nuevo T , ,,.,! .lic.iK uted at Piedras Negras. opposite here.!""8 lh consensus ot opinion of ad Thev are signed bv Governor Antonio '"inistration officials tonight, although Villareal, of Nuevo Leon, who is un derstood to be loyal to Carranza. About MAY OPEN ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH NEW YORK, Sept. 25. Announce ment that arrangements have been per fected under the supervision of the Stock Exchange for private dealings at concessions in unlisted stocks which ; includes the curb was accompanied by intimation that this is preliminary to a similar step in regularly listed se curities. It is known that many ex-" change members deem such action ad vi:ihle hot realize it cannot well be taken without con!lent f i,.al banks which hold a large amount f'f listed stocks as collateral for outstanding loans. PRIVATE CURB TWENTY-FIVE COUNTRIES HAVE PEACE TREATIES WITH AMERICA (Associated Press Dispatch) WASHINGTON, Sept. 25. Peace commission treaties with- Great Britain, France and Spain were ratified hy the senate, making twenty-fire in the series negotiated hy the state department which hare been approved by the government. A similar treaty with China was favor ably reported by the committee on foreign relations, but action was deferred because sereral senators wish to dis cuss it thoroughly in -view of the situation in the Far East involving Japan and Germany at Kiau Chan. The treaties proride one year's investigation of all disputes not settled diplomatically, before a resort to aims, on the tlieorr that one rear s rctiection will allay i " i. ' all blttenieSS aild pi'Crent War. REVOL UTIONl half tiic federal army was interned by! the United States w hen driven across J the border from Ojinaga enroute to' Saltillo. ! Clash Near Torreon PRESIDIO. Texas, Sept. 25. Off icial constitutionalist advices received at Ojinaga, opposite Presidio, tonight re ported a clash between Carranza and Villa forces near Torreon. The dis patch gave no details. Carranza Makes Statement MEXICO CITY, Sept. 25. -Carranza j ?:iyP the presw tonight a ten-page type- j ranza oecmreo tnat xiua naa uemanu- " ""l''""' ' "-- sued for a conference of constitution alist chiefs on October 1. Villa also demanded explanations, the statement said, the giving of which would be in compatible with the dignity of the first chief of the revolution. Kor these reasons, said Carranza, the situation is grave. The constitutionalists are ready for any emergency. Remain at Vera Cruz i WASHINGTON, Sept. 25. American ! lorces win remain at vera ruz unin l"""" "L aul""lll- """"' I Carranza and Villa is settled. This no definite announcement of the in- continued on Page Four) REGULAR LISTS Local banks are likely to receive fur ther cash accessions this week and. a gain ot $8,010,000 to $10.00,(mmi; is fore shadowed in the surface movement. Reduction of loans is also expected now that the city loan negotiations are completed. Bank clearings continue to reflect abnormal conditions, the largest de creases being at this center. The statement of the Atchison road for August is in striking contract to other systems for the same period, showing a substantial gross increase and a net increase of $5(50,000 aided largely by reduced operating expenses. COLONEL SAYS ip urn pn r 10 NUI DLli BUT TH PARTY In Finishing' His Illinois Campaign Nr. Roosevelt Urges Support, Not of Himself, But of Progres sive Party Principles associated press dispatch EAST ST. LOUIS. Ills.. Sent. 25. Cel. Theodore Roosevelt finished his correspondent banks throughout the Illinois campaign in behalf of the pro- country to pay seven per cent for giv Asive ticket tonight by addressing j loans and t0 maintain a balance with a iarge crowd ltne -ew YrIt banks, which makes After his speech here he hurried inmoney cost the correspondent banks an automobile to St. Louis, Mo., where j an equivalent of eight per cent or he delivered another speech. jmore. "1 don't care a rap for the support "Specific cases have been brought of any man for me personally," he i to m" attention where banks in cities said, "unless he stands for the princi-lof the south have been required to Pies I represent. 1 am in this contest iPav tn?se niSh interest rates. If New because I am for those principles. TKe only way any man can support me is by supporting the progressive ticket." Denounces Other Parties ST. LOCI S, Sept. 25. Col. Theodore Roosevelt denounced the republican. democratic parties and principles ! throughout a 30-minute speech here tonight. His voice was weak and within ten minutes almost half the huge audience which gathered in the National Guard armory realized the former president could not send his words across the full length of the hall. "The policy of the republican party," he said, "is such as to make some men prosper too much. The policy- of the democratic party is such as to make no man prosper enough. The progres-': lrom national DanKS, wnicn are noara sive portv stands intelligently for the '"BV money, or restricting credits prosperity but it proposes to pass that.thr0USh the maintenance of excessive pros-peritv around." .reserves. New York banks generally have not been hoarding money or BOMB FOR BOULOGNE maintaining excessive reserves, but ' .. they appear to be charging higher associated press dispatch 'j rates of interest than conditions seem LONDON, Sept. 23. A dispatch tol justify.. I am using every just ef Reuters from Bologne savs: . ;ifort t0 Persuade the banks through "Abont middav a German aeropline' out " the country to extend reasonable flew over Boulogne at a great height ' "edits at reasonable rates of interest and the aviator threw a bomb into a ! to meet existing "unusual conditions ship building vard. No one was in - j created by the European war, .which, jured and slight damage was done. if 3paIt with in a helpful spirit by The aeroplane continued its flight injaU concerned, should be quickly a southerly direction." ' j ameliorated. I should like to see New o York banks take the lead In estab- GERMAN TROOPS COMING associated press dispatch LONDON. Sept. 25. German troops are being transported into France over the railway line between Mu - nich, Glatlbach and Aix la Chapello, recording to the Amsterdam corro-J spondent of the Re.uter Telegram who states the information is con - tained in a telegram from Maastricht. French Lose Ground But Able Soon To Regain It ASSOCIATED PHESS DISPATCH PARIS, Sept. 25. An official com munication issued at eleven o'clock re garding the progress of the battle in northern France says that this morn ing the French troops in the region of Neyon were compelled to give ground before superior forces, but having been reinforced again assumed the offensive, the engagement being one of particular violence. The text of the statement follows: "On our left wing in the region to the northwest of Noyon, our advanced troops having come in contact with 8 1 . 8 or the enen,y were I compelled this morning to give a little ground.' Being reinforced, however, by MiOD GIVES HMESOFBAIS initio com Publishes List of Two Hun dred and Fifty .Houses Whose Reserves He Con siders Are in Excess of Legal Requirements FINDS EXCESSIVE INTEREST CHARGED Urges Clearing- Houses to Take Initiative in Keep ing Down Interest Rates and in Extending Credits Throughout Nation fASSOCIATED PEES3 DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Sept 2S.-Continu-ing his campaign against high inter est rates and the hoarding of money by the banks, Secretary McAdoo to night made public a list of nearly 250 national banks in all sections of the country, outside of reserve and cen tral reserve cities, which are carry ing reserves in excess of the legal requirements. The. list is based on reports to the comptroller of the currency in an swer to his call of September 12. It shows reserves run from 25 to 74 per cent, the legal minimum being fifteen per cent. "If," said McAdoo in the statement given out, with the list, "the large amount of loanable funds that are kept from active employment, as in dicated by these figures, were invest ed in commercial or agricultural pa per or loaned on proper security, the present situation would be greatly re lieved." . McAdoo in the telegram to the New York, Boston, Chicago and St. Louis clearing house 'chairmen said: "I have received no complaints about the high rates of Interest which are being charged by the national banks of New York, Boston, Chicago and other, reserve cities. It is alleged that Ne- York banks are requiring their York charges an equivalent of 8 per cent interest to correspondent banks, the money cost to the ultimate bor rower is made very high, if not ex orbitant. From all evidence before me I do not feel that to charge 7 to S per cent interest by New York hanks is justified in the circum stances. "t have taken the position with all the banks of the country that I will not knowingly issue additional na tional bank currency to or deposit government funds with banks which charge excessive rates of Interest or which are refusing to meet legitimate demands for reasonable credits. I have also taken the position that I will withdraw government deposits lishing and maintaining moderate i rates of interest for accommodations j !ls their sample always has a large ' influence upon the banking action jand sentiment in the country. If this course is pursued by the leading banks of New York and other reat ) motley centers, a real public service, lwi11 be rendered and the return to (Continued on Page Three) fresh troops, these troops have vigor ously resumed the offensive. "The struggle in this region has tak en on a character of extreme violence. In the center there is nothing new to report. On our right wing the enemy has begun to give way before the at tacks of our troops coming from tho direction of Nancy and Toul. In tho southern region of Woevre, the enemy is retiring toward Rupt De Mad (in Meurthe-Et-Moselle). This action continues. On the heights of the Meuse German forces succeeded in penetrat ing nearly as far as St. Mihiel (on tho right bank of the Meuse, twenty miles south and southeast of Verdun) but have not been able to cross the river." rf" 5. r it 1 i 1 A , i : r I