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TENTH ANNUAL ARIZONA FAIR, PHOENIX, NOV. 9, lO, 11, 12, 13, 14, 1914
THE ARIZONA REPUBLIC A 1. . . V:, INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTII YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, OCTOHKR 2, 1014 10 PAGES VOL. XXV. NO. 161 AN HURLED BACK FROM COAST BY WARSHIPS GERMANS TURN INLAND After Week of Most Violent Fighting Kaiser's Troops Move Away from Sea and Force "Way Across the Yser Canal RUSH FORWARD REINFORCEMENTS Of Gains Claimed by Ger mans the French Reports Confirm Crossing of Yser, But Declare Violent Rat tle Still Continues (associated press dispatch 1 LONDON, Oct. 25. Hurled brck from the coast by the fire of the French and British wurshirs, derma n troops after a week of the most vio lent fighting, turned inland and forced j their way across the Yser canal near West Dixmude. Pressing their ad vantage, the Germans in mighty effort to gain the victory, continue rushing forward all reinforcements available and their official reports claim to be slowly and definitely pushing back the allies. Of the gains claimed by the Germans, the French reports confirm the cross ing of the Yser canal, but declare a violent battle raging nearNieuport and River Lys. Here the Germans claim to have taken 500 British prisoners On (he battles of the center and left wing, the German report is silent, but the French may they are maintaining their positions in the Argonne region and on the heights of the lleuse, they de stroyed three German batteries. In the northwest a spell of fine weather was followed by a downpour of rain which is transforming the Flanders lowlands into great lakes. The strategic consequences of this battle are greater to the Germans than to the allies, experts say. If it is nec essary for the allies to withdraw, it will be to their normal lines without the risk of bending the left wing and will not compromise the general situa tion. Many of the German soldiers at Dix mude came from Berlin within the las' few days. Arriving at the scene of battle they have been sent at once into trenches which are waist deep witn water. The Belgians, under cover of a dense fog, approached the trenches and at the point of the bayonet made prisoners of a large number of the in vaders. At the same time the contest was resumed at numerous other points, but the result was different and the casu alty lists quit as large. The fact that the allies advanced appreciably east of Nieuport, as officially announced, has helped to reassure them, since in this vicinitv the British naval guns hardly continue to exercise an influence in gaining ground. A Blight retrogression at other points, which, it is considered is counter balanced by progress some where else, is considered inevitable in a great conflict of this kind and ap parently it will not cause the slightest discouragement. In an effort to destroy the German and Austrian forces which were de feated in the first attempt to cross the Vistula between the fortresses of Ivan gorod and Dadom, the Russians are now waging a heavy battle in Poland. The official Russian report says they are meeting the stubborn resistance of the Germans who are bringing strong reinforcements. Both sides, according to their reports, have made prisoners and captured guns but the battle ex tending along a front of twenty-six miles has not yet been decided. The Russians claim to have taken Lovinz, Rawa and Kkiernlewice was taken by bavonet attacks. The Austrians are still making a bold effort to cross the river San, making a splendid fight south of PrzcmysL, hoping to recapture Lemberg. The Montenegrins today ad mit they were forced to withdraw to their previous positions along the Bos nian frontier after ah attack by a su perior force of Austrians. o WEATHER TODAY WASHINGTON, D. C, Oct. 25. For Arizona: Fair. Little Belgian Force Holds German Army Corps In Check associated press dispatch LONDON, Oct. 25. "All the allies must take their hats off to the Bel gian army which for several days has been holding in check two en tire German army corps near Dix mude, frustrating German designs on the strip Tf territory between Dun kirk and Calais," Bays a dispatch to the Times from correspondents in northern France. "It is now permitted to explain how the Belgian army was able to take a position on. the Yser canal, in other words, how it was able to make a successful retreat from Ant werp in the face of the elaborate plans of the Germans. The Belgian army escaped annihilation only by a PRIVATE LANGE A Here's Private Lang of the 12th Belgian regiment holding the order Issued by the King conveying to him the order of a Chevalier of the First Order of Leopold. This coveted honor was conferred on Lange for his wonderful feat of arms at Horstal, where on August 25 he captured the flag of the With German infantry, killing a German colonel and fourteen soldiers in the encounter. TWENTY THREE TRAFFIC MEN VISIT ILEf Excursion of Ticket Sellers! and Their Wives Stop on Return Home and Leave Enthusiastic Roosters for Phoenix Twenty-three members of the American Association of Traffic and Passenger agents and their wives who have been attending the annual sessions of the association in San i rranciseo and are en route to their homea spent the day in the valley yesterday taking in everything of in terest, applauding the country and constituting themselves boosters for Phoenix in the respective towns in which they live hereafter. They came in on the Santa Fe from the Grand Canyon where they were en tertained the previous day, and being met at the depot by A. It. Gatter of the Southern Pacific system and W. S. Goldsvvorthy and G. W. Brown of the Santa Fe they were immediately taken to the Arizona club for an en joyable breakfast. Then the automobiles were re quisitioned and the better part of the morning spent in taking in that portion of the valley that would best wind them up at the Country club on Xorth Center for dinner, and (Continued on Page Three) magnificent feat of arms. . It sent a force of a few thousand men to the vicinity of Mullem (in East Flanders twelve miles southwest of Ghent) with orders to hold back the pur suing enemy at all costs, for a suf ficient period to cover the retreat of the main army, which hugged the Dutch frontier on its seaward march. "The battle of Mullem eventually resulted in a virtual annihilation of the gallant' little body of Belgian fighters but it meant the salvation of the Belgian army and their al lies. I "The casualties in the Belgian army during its gallant fighting about Dixmude has been tremendously hea j vy but the spirit of the troops is j still wonderful." HERO OF THE WAR BATTLE STILL THE RIVER LIS Kngagoment of Very Vio lent Character is Report ed, Though Germans Have Succeeded in Crossing the J liver Yser ASSOCIATED I'KKSS dispatch I PARIS, Oct. 25. Tonight's official: "Action today continued under the same eonflitions as on preceding days. A battle of very violent char acter is progressing between Nieu port and the river Lys. The German forces have succeeded in crossing trio Yser between Nieuport and Dix mude. "To, the south and west of Lille spirited attacks by the enemy have been repulsed. Between Cise and Argonne there is nothing to leport except several small advances by our troops to the northwest of Soissons, in the region of Craonne. "On the heights of Meuse there was an artillery engagement. In tre Woevre region our heavy artillery holds today under its fire the road connecting Thiaucourt, Nonsard, Buxehelles and Joinville, which is one of the principal lines of communica tion of the Germans near St. Mihiel. It was "reported yesterday that in the Argonne region an entire regiment of German infantry was annihilated during the operations, which ex tended to the woods to the north of Lachalade. "German masses at La Basse up pear from their desperate efforts to be trying to shake themselves loose from the grip of the allies, who men ace their communications there anl at Armentieres. The furious nature of the battle is shown by the fact that ,1,500 German dead were found in a small space in front of the British infantry division, while . 600 prisoners were taken in one engage ment. General Von Kluck's army, thought to be in Belguim, is still on the Aisne, "but three other German armies have completely changed their fronts. "Crown Prince Frederick William of Germany narrowly escaped deata recently when a French aeroplane dropped a bomb near the headquar ters at Revigny, killing fifteen and wounding twenty, according to the Excelsior correspondent of the Vitry le Francais.'' PROCEEDS NEAR DARIN JURY IS UNABLE TO REACH VERDICT After Deliberations of More Than Thirteen Hours the Jurors Return Announc ing Unable to Agree on Guilt or Innocence RETRIAL IS NOT LIKELY Mrs. Carman is On Verge of Complete Physical Breakdown and Applica tion Will Be Made for Her Release on Bail associated press dispatchI MIXEOLA, L. I. Oct. 25 The" jury in the case of Mrs. Florence Conklin Carman, charged with the murder of Mrs. Louise Bailey, failed to reach a verdict after thirteen hours and ten minutes deliberations. The jury, worn and haggard from the loss of sleep, re ported its inability to agree at 10:55 o'clock this rnorning and was dis charged. Ten jurors are said to have voted for acquittal and two for murder in tllr first degree on the first ballot. It is unlikely that Mrs. Carman will be brought to trial again. Before the jury returned District At torney Lewis J. Smith stated that if it had stood even eight to four for ac quittal, it was impossible that she would be retried. Her council will make application tomorrow that she he admitted to bail. This will not be opposed by the prosecution. Mrs. Carman was on the verge of a complete physical breakdown following her collapse in the courtroom after the jury was discharged. She had been crying in her cell since lust night when the jury retired. The trial was one of the most notable that has taken place in this vicinity in a long time. Mrs. Louise Bailey, a woman of ex cellent reputation, the. wife. jf a pros perous manufacturer and the mother of a grown daughter, was killed while milking a call on Dr. Carman in the latter's office in his house at Freeport on the night of June 30 last. The fatal bullet was fired through the woman's heart while she stood standing talking to the physician in his office A broken window pane showed where the slayer had stood when the shot was fired. From the very beginning the case was shrouded in deepest mystery. Dr. Carman declared that he had never met Mrs. Bailey, so far as he could re member, until she called at his office the night of the tragedy. So far as is Known there have been no develop ments to refute the physician's state ments in this particular. The reasons for Mrs. Bailey's visit to the physician have remained unexplained. Her horn was at Hempstead, a considerable dis tance from Dr. Carman's home and Of fice, while her regular family physician resided much nearer. Before .she left her home Mrs. Bailey made no mention to any of the members of her family that she intended to visit Dr. Carman, nor had she complained of any ailment that would call for medical attention. A week after the tragedy Mrs. Oar man was taken into custody and ac cused of the killing. The finger of sus picion was first pointed at the physi cian's wife when it was learned that she had installed a dictagraph in her husband's office so that she might learn what went on between him and his women patients. Other evidence wa's brought to light which indicated that Mrs. Carman had been insanely jealous of her husband. At the time of her arrest Mrs. Car man made out a pretty good alibi. She declared that she was upstairs in her own room at the time Mrs. Bailey was killed and did not go down' until long after the shot was fired. This was corroborated by the statements of her mother and sister, who also were up stairs, and by her negro maid. The latter, however, is said to have changed hea testimony subsequently and to have said that Mrs. Carman hurried into the' back door and up the stairs after the tragedy had been enacted. The immediate cause of Mrs. Car man's arrest was the testimony given at the coroner's hearing by Ellwood T. Bardes, an insurance solicitor. The story told by Bardes was substantially as follows: On the evening of the murder he de termined to pay a professional visit to Dr. Carman, and allow him to dress a minor injury to one of his heels. Ar riving at the physician's house, he de cided he could dress the injury him self and thereby save a doctor's fee. So he walked past the house and then turned around to begin his journey home. At that instant he heard an explosion. He thought it was caused by an automobile tire, but when he looked for the machine he could not find it. He turned his eyes toward the lawn at the side of Dr. Carman's house. A woman, tall, well built, hatless, (Continued on Page Three) VON MOLTKE'S SUCCESSOR A DARK HORSE life ' ' (c) Underwood & UnderwoodJ " ' .' General Voigts-Rhetz. General Voigts-Rhetz, who succeeds Count Von Moltke as chief of thej German general staff, may be described as a dark horse. His father was a great soldier who rose to high rank in the ministry of war and com-J manded a division in 1870. It remains to be seen whether Voigts-Rhetzi has inherited his father's ability and whether he is a better man than the! one he displaced. j PARIS RESUMES 111 BREAKS SOMETHING OF ( INTO HUNT VOTE FORMER ASPECT! WITH HIS LOGIC i Since the Retreat of the ( Jermans from Vicinity of French Capital, City to Great Extent Recovers Its Natural Aspect PARIS, Oct. 25. Since the retreat of the Germans from the vicinity of Paris, the city has to a great extent recovered its natural aspect, except for numerous closed shops, some of which are still boarded up and carry on their fronts a varied collection of official posters, emanating from the military govern ment announcing mobilization, details from the department of public instruc tion relating to the reopening of the schools, from the prefect of the Seine advising housewives to see that their fruits and vegetables are washed In water previously boiled, and other hy gienic and administrative measures. The reopening of the primary schools has brought out the usual number of pupils. In accordance with instruc tions from the department of public instruction the session was opened by the teachers with a patriotic address to the pupils reviewing in simple words the causes of the war and the necessity for fathers and brothers to be absent fighting for their country. The department of public instruction is arranging for the organization of ex aminations so as to avoia, so far as possible, the loss of a year to students who are unable to present themselves this year on account of absence at the front. It is understood that medical students will be permitted next year to take two years' examinations in one. o OPEN BANKS NOVEMBER 16 associated press dispatch! WASHINGTON, Oct. 25. Twelve federal reserve banks of " the new banking system will be opened for business on November IB, it is offi cially announced. The new reserve requirements which will become oper ative on . November 16 will release over $400,000,000 reserve money and largely increase the credit facilities of the country. DUKE IS WOUNDED ASSOCIATED press dispatch LONDON, Oct. 25. Duke Roxburgh, who married May Goelet of New York, was seriously wounded in b " probably will live, though his recovery will be slow. Unbiased Statement Summing- Up the Progressive Campaign to Date Indi cates Candidates Gaining Strength in State By C. F. Irwin (Special to The Republican.) SAFFORD, Oct. 25. You ask me for a brief summary of the progres sive campaign to date. I have met the candidates at different points of their itinerary, notably Jerome, Pres cott, Yuma, Tucson, Bisbee and Douglas, and have this day been on the same train with them from Doug las to Safford. Unbiased judgment compels me to say the speeches of Young, Nelson and Alexander are the highest class being made by any of the speakers of any of the parties. Young is breaking into the Hunt vote and breaking in fast "and hard. No intelligent voter can deny his logic. Nelson meets with immediate favor wherever he talks and there would be no doubt of his election had he just Smith in opposition. It looks at this time like the election of Alexander because of the poor showing Jones has made every place he has ap peared. Cameron and Morrison are not con sidered as being in the running prac tically anywhere. Cameron is espe cially weak and has no show what ever and this fact is admitted by some of the originally strongest Cam- MODEL ASSA TO BE SHOWN AT FAIR (Special to The Republican.) TUCSON, Ariz., Oct. 25. A most novel exhibition is to be staged at the Arizona State Fair during the week of November 9th by the bureau of mines and college of mines of the University of Arizona. The exhibit is to be in the form of a model assay office, completely equipped in every detail, fitting into a completely furnished room 11x22. The office will have the very latest style of crushers, pulverizers, bal ances, furnace and in fact everything DElilO CHUG IN DUE SEASON FOROURCOTTON Prominent English Trade Paper Says Cotton Will m Shortly Be in Demand in Quantities Insuring Grow ers Against Loss WARRING COUNTRIES PRINCIPAL USERS Spinners Indignant Because of Closing of Markets and Advise the Early Elimina tion of the Liverpool Cot ton Dealers ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Oct. 25. Discussing the plight of American cotton growers, the Cotton Factory Times, a prominent English trade paper, says: "It is to be hoped that, for their sakes as well as ours, the planters will get through without serious loss. The call for cot ton will come in due time, and it is essential in the general interest that it should then be forthcoming in suffi cient quantities, which could hardly be the case if the growers were ruined or very severely hit at the present time." The World Record has prepared a table, based on figures of the Interna tional Cotton Federation, which show that about one-half of the cotton pro duced in America for the year ended September 1, 1913, was used by the countries now at war. Great Britain Germany, France, Austria, Russia, Bel gium and Japan are represented aa consuming 7,534,934 bales out of a total of 14,503,757 bales. Italy, Spain, Port ugal, Holland, Sweden, Denmark and Norway, which took 1,193,887 bales of cotton in 1913, are also more or less seriously affected by the war. Cotton spinners at Manchester were much disgruntled by the action of the Federation of Master Cotton Spinners' associations in running: short time. For a time serious labor troubles were threatened. But conditions in the cot ton market have now become so bad that complete suspension of cotton manufacturing plants seems imminent unless the government finds some way to offer relief. Spinners are indignant over the con tinued closure of the Liverpool cotton market and have inspired efforts to effect direct business relations between the growers and consumers of cotton, thus eliminating the Liverpool cotton dealers. The Manchester Guardian and other prominent papers located in cot ton manufacturing centers, while ad mitting that such a plan might be de sirable, say it would require a long time to handle cotton direct because of the great amount of machinery re quired to take care of it properly and the necessity for the careful grading which Liverpool dealers have afforded. Speaking of the proposed elimination of Liverpool interests from the cotton trade, the Cotton Factory Times says: "Cotton planters in America have al ready considered the necessity of pro tecting themselves against the Liver pool interests, and it is reported that they have decided that no cotton shall be planted next year. This is of course meant as a warning that if their stocks of materials are not taken off their hands now a greatly enhanced price will be charged for it later on. "Opinions may differ as to whether some of the present dislocation of trade could not be avoided, but it is daily be coming more clear that there are ton many conflicting interests at work in the business, which makes it very dif ficult for trade to move, and those in terests seem bent on blaming each oth- (Continued on Page Three) eron men. The extravagant advertis ing first launched is money wasted and is now commencing to work Ir reparable injury to the cause it was intended to most benefit. The candidates divide forces today for a hard finish meeting again at Globe and at that place an attempt will be made for some of them to appear the second time, at places re- quested by telegraph today. Y OFFICE designed to simplify, make more ac curate and expedite assaying. During the week of the fair all samples sent in will be assayed free of charge for gold, silver and copper. It is anticipated that assays wiU be made at once, and results given dur ing the fair. Samples are now be ing sent by mail or express to the University of Arizona exhibit in care of the state fair commission. Great interest in the exhibit is being shown by mining men through out the state, in view of former in teresting experiences in connection with the mining exhibit.