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THE ARIZONA. REPUBLICAN.
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 8 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, 'NOVEMBER 10, 1914 8 PAGES VOL. XXV. NO. 175 5 II LULL IN BATTLE OF FLANDERS COMES WITH COLD WINTER BLASTS Tlimifrh liih i no A lniAcf Ceases There is Little Re lief for the Men in the Trendies Who Now Face Severe Storms SOME SHELLING AT LONG RANGE .1 r Germans Have Made Sev era I Attacks About Ypres Which French Sav Thev Repulsed With Heavy f Losses to Enemy " ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Nov. 15. After four weeks of the most desperate fighting there is a lull in the battle of Flan ders. With the lull came little re lief for men in the trenches for the rifle and artillery fire which rained on them continuously has been re placed by a severe storm. In some parts of England the storm became a blizzard, on. the sea a heavy gale rages, and the battlefields are swept with rain and hail. Generally the armies were content to shell each other at long range, but the Germans made several at tacks around the Ypres which the French say they repulsed with heavy losses. Despite their losses it is not believed the Germans intend abandon ing the attempt to reach the coast. The allies are making elaborate pre parations to block the movement. Extensive defense works have been erected along the Yser canal. The French armies holding that line from the Belgian border south to the River Oise are pushing forward to ap proach the works and are strength ening both their effense and defense. Concerning Dixmude unofficial re ports indicate the Germans are find ing the destroyed village a death trap. They are unable to debouch in the day time because the allies' guns command., all the approaches. Neither side was able to nake-an apprecia ble adv-nnee. The Germans trans forming Belgium into a fortress are preparing for the winter stay. Fight ing at the eastern front was without decisive result. An important battle is in progress between the Russians and Turks in the Caucasus. It Is announced that England has no intention of operat ing in Arabia except to maintain or der. Bulgaria has issued a state ment that there is no agreement with Turkey. The Servians and Montene , grins, once approaching the Bosnian I capital are now in their own terri 'tory stubbornly resisting the Aus trians. The Holland and Scandina vian countries are .alarmed over the Bowing of mines, endangering neu tral vessels. A Berlin dispatch says the Aus trian general staff has ordered a general offensive movement against the Servians hoping to end the Balkan phase of the war before win ter, releasing the troops for the Rus sian campaign. A Reuter's Constantinople dispatch says: ."Turkish troops occupied Kotur, a Persian town held by the Russians. The British troops were attacked while landing near Fao in the Per sian gulf, losing sixty men." Thrown Back from Yser ' PARIS. Nov. 15. Tonight's offi- cial statement says: "The most notable incident of the day has been the throwing back of the enemy on the right bank of the j Yser canal. Part or tne leu oanK which the Germans previously had occupied is completely evactuated. South of Bixschoote we have retaken the small wood which was lost fol lowing a night attack. The enemy made an unsuccessful offensive move ment south of Ypres." Deny French Report BERLIN, Nov. 15. A headquarters official statement says: "Unfavorable weather caused little progress, but we captured several hundred French and English soldiers RUSSIAN OFFICERS AT PRAYER BEFORE Officers of the Prebrejensky regiment kneeling in prayer in an open square near Petrograd. The ceremony was an impressive one, for white Jiaired warriors knelt in humble attitude, seeking the divine blessing before going into battle, INDIAN TROOPS TAKE 1 SOME TURKISH FORTS LONDON, Nov. 13. The admir- alty announces a successful oper- ation against the Turkish gar- rison at ' Sheikh-Said on the Strait of Bab-El-Mandeb at the entrance to the Gulf of Aden I and the occupation of the Turk I ish forts at Turbaux by Indian troops aided by the British cruiser Duke of Edinburgh. I ' Say Cruiser Blew Up Audacious When She Struck Mine ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH NEW YORK. Nov. 13. Two men who saw the British superdread nuught Audacious lying helpless in a heavy sea twenty-seven miles north west of Lough Swilly shortly after she struck a rnir.c resulting in her disablement on October 27, arrive! i'noard the steamer New York from Liverpool. They said she might be floating yet if the British cruiser Liverpool had not blown her u':. They are James R. Beames, leader of the orchestra of the Olympic, which rescued the Audacious' crew in lifeboats, and made fruitless ef- fcrts to tow her into port, and Hush Griffith, a musician. They said inn Liverpool was too small to tow the Audacious, and went ahead of the Olympic to clear the way of mines. Fourteen boats took off the crew of 900 men after much diffi culty. Attempts to tow the battleship failing, the Liverpool blew her up. Both men pledged their word to the British admiralty not to tell of the battleship's loss, but whe convinced the news was public they told the story. It is understood the Audacious was steaming out with a squadron wiien damaged by a mine, other warships supposed she had been torpedoed nd steamed away in conformity with the admiralty's orders that wai -ships must not endanger themselves assisting others. COTTON MEN'S REVENGE ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl ARDMORE, Okla.. Nv. I.",. Be cause he was reported to have sold a bale of cotton for less than ten cents a pound, the price fixed in Southern Oklahoma, Johua Samuels, a smai; cotton planter of Carter county, was whipped with a water toaked rope by masked men. o KAISER BACK AGAIN ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl GENEVA, Nov. 13. Emperor l:am with his staff returned on Wil- Fri (lay to Kolmar, forty miles southwest of Strassburg, his starting point at the beginning of the war. Two aero- planes were constantly in flight over the kaiser's headquarters as a pro tection. and two machine guns during a dif ficult encounter. In the forest of Argonne we blew up and captured a strong French point of support. The rrench report that they dispersed the German division at Coinconrt is !a pure invention. On the contrary ! the French suffered heavy losses and w'e did not lose a man. Russians Make Progress PETROGRAD, Nov. 15. An official Russian statement says: "On the East Prussian front we are making successful progress. In the region of Soldau and Heidenburg our action continues favorable de spite the desperate resistance. Our march on Cracow continues. In Ga licia, the 'Austrians are seeking to organize a defense on the River San in the region of Dounaiets. South of the Galician front we are advancing toward the Carpathian passes." RESERVE BAKKS 10 OPEN THEIR DOORS TODAY Opening- Marks Beginning of Actual Operation of the New Currency System De signed to Provide Elastic Circulating Medium TAKES YEAR TO WORK OUT DETAILS It Will, However, Be Mam Weeks Before Twelve Banks Take Up and Ex ercise All Functions Be stowed Upon Them I WASHINGTON, Nov. 15. Twelve federal reserve banks will open their doors for business to morrow after months of hard work by the board. The banks which will become members and j every national bank must join in j subscribing six percent of their capital and surplus. One-sixth has already been called for by the federal reserve banks. The j business will be limited to redis- counting notes, drafts and bills of exchange for the present but gradually other functions will be I assumed. There will be 7571 banks' members making a capital of over a hundred millions. There will be cash reserve in the I twelve banks of about two hun ! dred and fifty millions. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Nov. 15 With the opening tomorrow of the twelve fed eral reserve banks, the nation will begin actual operation of its new currency system designed to pro vide an elastic circulating medium based upon modern ideas of finance r-r.d economics. It has taken the reserve bank or ganization committee and the federal reserve board almost twelve months to work out details of organization to the point where an opening date was chosen. Notwithstanding careful ('eliberatlons which preceded every preliminary step, the twelve banks will not for many weck3 take up an 1 exercise all the functions bestowed upon them by congress. Such evo lution as will result from the old na tional banking system of necessity will In most respects be slow. The reserve board, the guiding spirit of the new system, is itself feeling its way over strange ground and the men in charge of the twelve banks probably will feel the same desire tr. wtrk slowly and with sureness rat.t- ei than be venturesome. The new system is generally con ceded to be a compromise between a central bank and the present sys tem with its thousands of units, scattered reserves and fixed limits of currency. Its chief attraction and value, those who interpret it find in the elasticity it will give to recog nized paper currency. L'nder the present law national bank currency is almost a fixed quantity based up on national bank capital, issued up on United States bonds and unre sponsive to the chill of hard times or the exultation of boom days. Irs t.se led, the experts say, to unre stricted loans and speculation, in the days when money was easy and to a hoarding of resources and a tightening of the purse strings of credit when they were hard. It Is said to have bred the panic of 1907 when solvent banks with large cred its in reserve, and central reserve cities, were helpless and could ' jet back to their own . counters none if the millions they had placed with their larger and stronger correspon dents , Under the new system the federal reserve notes, which, in time, pro bably will entirely replace the na tional bank notes, now so familiar, (Continued on Page Three) GOING INTO BATTLE WITH GERMAN FOE TK1UMPHANT RETURN This drawing by a German artist depicts the return of the submarine U 9 to Wilhelmshaven after sink ing the three British cruisers, Cressy, Hogue and Aboukir. The officers and crew of the U 9 are today Ger many's greatest heroes. ' GANAL STORY told mi OF MUSIS It Embodies a Tale of Amer ican Pluck and Persever ance That Made Possible the Construction of Ureat Ditch Across the Isthmus ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Nov. 15. Conclud ing chapter in the story of American pluck and j.erseverance that made pos sible the construction of the Panama canal are written by Colonel George W. Goethals. governor of the Zone, in his annual report submitted today to Secretary Garrison. The report tells of the canal builders' battle against tricky earth slides, of the establishment of the permanent form of government in the zone, with Colonel Goethals as governor, of the beginning of the work on fortifications to guard the great waterway against inv.-udon, while im posing rows of figures tell of the cost of details in the canal's construction and maintenance. The report shows that the canal's cost, including the current appropria tion, now stands at $3.'3,559,04;i.G9. More than J374.noO.000 was appropriat ed. Of that amount, more than $12, 000,000 was for fortifications. "Work was continued during the year on the gun and mortar batteries," the report states, "and by the close of I the year the concrete work was practi cally completed as well as the greater portion of the back fill. On July 1. 1913, the construction of redoubts in accordance with plans prepared by a board appointed for the purpose and approved by the secretary of war, was undertaken and they were completed, as well as the clearing necessary in connection with them." The continued earth slides that checked the progress of the. canal builders was described at length. "The total amount of material re moved in the dry from Culebra cut," the report states, "from the beginning of American operations to June 15, 1014, aggregated 110,261. SS3 cubic yards at a division cost of $0.7066 per cubic yard; of this amount 25.206,100 cubic yards were removed because of slide's, or 22.S6 per cent." Describing the demolition of Gamboa Dike as one of the final steps in the canal's completion, the report relates that "with the exception of a small pocket slide In the vicinity of Cascades fhe admission of water to the cut has thus far had no bad effects, nor has there been any appreciable tendency OF U 9, AS PICTURED UNION STOCK YARDS ARE OPEN AGAIN CHICAGO, Nov. 15. The Union j j stock yards and packing houses j were scrubbed and disinfected J after a nine days' quarantine in a federal and state fight against 1 the foot and mouth disease. They ! will open for business at mid- j night with stringent regulations I to protect shipments to the yards j and only cattle from uninfected areas may be shipped in disin fected sealed cars. Death Of "Bobs" Fitting End Of Great Soldier f associated press DISPATCH.!--, LOXDON, Nov. 15. The death of Field Marshal Earl Roberts of Kanda har, Pretoria and Waterford, which occurred last night at the headquarters of the British expeditionary force in France, came suddenly after he bad completed his mission. He motored to the British base camps, reviewed the Tnillun ti-.ir.r.e and tmnfr-vraA with lnwl- ing officers. Field Marshal Sir John French, commanding the troops France, telegraphed Lady Roberts: "As he was called, It was a fitter ending to the life of a great soldier that he should pass away in the midst of the troops he loved so well and within the sound of the guns." It is altogether likely, in view of the admiration in which "Bobs" was held, that a state military funeral will be accorded the honored remains of the great soldier. No soldier has ever served Great Britain and the empire since- the days of Arthur Wellesley, the great Duke of Wellington, who hits more appealed to popular fancy. Well ington lies in St. Paul's cathedral with his great contemporary. Nelson. HAVEN'T CROSSED THE YSER ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl THILET, Belgium, Nov. 15. The Germans have not yet succeeded in crossing the Yser in front of Dix mude. The town is so utterly d-i-st roved it is of little value to the Germans. A heavy fog alternating with pouring rains is causing much sickness among the soldiers in the trenches. The flitches are flooded and the men are constantly in the water. There are no adequate faclli- ties for the sick because all the villages in the vicinity are destroyed, and the hospitals at Ghent, and Biuges are overcrowded. for the presence of water to produce slides." The canal's giant locks and dams staunchly withstood the earthquake shocks, which were more violent and numerous during the last year than in any since the American occupation. Eighty-seven distinct shocks were re corded at Ancon. "Practically all the shocks." the re port stated, "seemed to originate In the vicinity of the lower coast of Los San tos province, approximately 115 miles southwest of Ancon. The most violent shocks occurred October 2, 1913, and May 28, 1914. "The shock of May 28 resulted in slight damage to the new administra tion building, then in course of con struction, at Balboa heights, but with this exception the canal works suffered no damage from these shocks." As the construction of the canal pro ceeded to the point where a date was set for the admission of the first ship, the population of the zone steadily de creased. On June 30, 1914. the force employed on the canal was 29.673, pared with 43,350 at the close of the previous fiscal year. "Accompanying the decrease," the report states, "there was a large emigration from the isth mus, and for the first time since the work was started there was an excess of departures over arrivals of about 15,000." Inasmuch as the canal was not opened to traffic until August 13, the report does not tell of the passage of the first merchant ships nor of the financial aspects of the operation. BY GERMAN ARTIST lEKTRAll TfflUI LEAVES IE Annual Trip for Benefit of Agricultural Lite rests Starts North Tomorrow With Exhibits and Full Corps of Speakers The demonstration train of the Agricultural Experiment Station at Tucsor . and - the University of Ari- zona agricultural extension bureau which is run annually with the co operation of the railroads of the state w ill leave Phoenix Tuesday going north lover the Santa Fe lines for the first stop at Holbrook. The train this year contains six cars one of which through the courtesy of the railroads over which the train travels will be (a combination diner and sleeper. This will add much to the efficiency of the work of the travelling professors who man the train. There will be many features on the train this year that have not been attempted before, not the least of which is a pumping plant actually pumping water with a sixteen horse power engine with water running over a weir, and the pump also operating a churn, and a sewing ma I chine showing the application of la jbor saving devices. This will be on j the flat car. j The first car will be given over to I the agricultural and horticultural display, the second to farm imple ments and labor saving devices, the third to live stock of which there will be cows, horses, hogs and poul try. On the second car there will lie a display of the various sorts of silos useable in this section. The addresses will be delivered by the professors of the university. Their subjects will be the following: S. F. Morse, soil improvement; G. W. Barnes, livestock and gardening; W. H. Lawrence, profitable garden ing: A. M. MeOmie, dry farming; H. M. Bainer, Santa Fe agricultural de monstrator. "Pit Silos:" Dr. O. C. Bartlett, "fighting insect pests," and Mrs. G. W. Barnes, household eco nomics. THE SCHEDULE Santa Fe Lines Phoenix Tuesday, November Leave 17. 6 "p. First m. stop. Holbrook November IS; Joseph City from 7 a. m. to 2 p. m.,- November -19; Winslow, after noon and evening November 19: Flagstaff, Friday, November 20, Saturday, November 21, a. m.: Wil liams, Saturday afternoon and eve ning, November 21; Seligman, Mon- (Continued on Page Two) Work Of Recruiting Million Men Goes On In England ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, November 15 There are manifestly concerted and vigorous appeals to complete the recruiting of Britain's army of 1,000,000 men. Within the last few days almost ev ery paper in London, in its news col umns and editorially, has urged a prompt response to the call, one or two of them reminding their readers that it is far better to have a volun teer army than even to consider t'te possibility of conscription. During the first rush of enlist ments the requirements were raise'i, a most unusual thing in time of war in any country. Now they have been restored to what they were be fore. The age limit has been ex tended, all men being accepted now On H ERS OF E Arrest of .Four Negroes and Recovery of Much Booty Clears Mystery of Bur glaries of the Past Few Weeks SOME GOODS ARE STILL UNCLAIMED While Dozen or More ; Jobs' Are Solved, Identifica tion of Remaining Goods May Add to Information Alreadv Secured CITY OFFICERS Not in many months has the police department of the city of Phoenix suc ceeded in making more important ar rests than those carried out on Friday night, announcement of which was withheld by The Republican in order that the details of the workings of the gang now, in custody might be fully learned by the police.' Albert Mack, Floyd Marshall, A. E. Harris and Al berto Wilson, all negroes, are the names the four arrested have given the police, and in their apprehension the police have succeeded in laying the mystery of the dozen or more house burglaries committed within the last two weeks. More than that, booty variously estimated to be valued at from $700 to $1,200 has been recovered and a goodly portion identified by the victims of the quartette. To no particular officer is more credit due than to a number of them working collectively. From Chief of ! Police George O. Brisbois down the line, including Policemen Wilkerson, McGrath, Barnum, Morrell, Skidmore, and others, no effort has been spared since the first reports began coming in of house robberies in various parts of the city, to secure clues as to the identity of the mysterious culprits. Not long after the almost nightly af fairs were reported, practically every member of the force began devoting even.- spare moment of his time to delving into the details of the robberies. Over a week ago it became pretty clear that a gang of negroes was prob ably at the bottom of the work. A few days ago it was absolutely certain that it was the work of the three or four finally arrested. No arrests were made at the time, although all were placed under surveillance. The sale of a gold natch for three dollars by one member of the gang was the undoing of the entire quartet. A search of the various rooms occupied by the three men and the woman resulted in the re covery of a rich haul of watches, rings, bracelets, brooches, toilet sets, cloth ing, suit cases, flash lights, revolvers, safety razors, stickpins, cuff buttons, shoes, shirt? and other articles too nu merous to mention. The office of. Chief of Police Brisbois for the last day or two has resembled nothing more than a second-hand store. Confronted with the goods and with evidence that each had told the other, it was comparatively an easy matter to secure full confessionsf rom the entire party, with the exception of the wom an, who, while admitting that she had some of the goods in her possession, denied guilty knowledge of the manner in which the other three became pos sessed of it. For several hours last evening Sher iff Jeff D. Adams and Assistant County Prosecutor Clyde M. Gandy assisted Chief Brisbois at the police station in securing statements from the three men under arrest, and before they quit they werep repared to state that there was no longer any mystery as to who entered and robbed the residences of Emi! Ganz on North Central avenue. Judge Frank Thomas, South Central avenue: Dr. Tuttle, North Fifth street; ' Ralph Cameron, Fifth and Willetta streets; Frank Rose, West Adams street; C. D. Dorris, West Jefferson street: Earl Porter, North First street; a house at 1230 East Adams street, and others. In every instance all or a good portion of the articles were In. the hands of the police. There are still a number of watches and other articles. (Continued on Page Two) ,who are between 19 and 38 years old. In the case of former soldiers the limit is 45 years. The minimum height is now five feet four inches, except for former soldiers and cer tain units for which special stand Bids are organized. In the war office advertisements it is stated that the term "enlistinK for the duration of the war" means precisely what it says, and that men will be discharged when the war is over "with all convenient speed." It is also advertised that married men or widowers with children will be accepted, and thai if at the time of enlistment a recruit signs the neces sary form, separation nllowance un der army conditions is issuable at once to the wife, and in certain cii cumstances to other dependents. THFEVES I