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THE ARIZONA. REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 8 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 37, 19.U 8 PAGES VOL. XXV. NO. 176 SAY GERMANS TRYING TO WEAR DOWN ALLIES BY CONSTANT FIRING Official Press Bureau State ment from London Indi cates Kaiser's T r o o p s Give Up Attacks and Re sort to Bombardment KKPOKT OF SOME LOCAL ASSAULTS Despite Their Heavy Artil lery Fire It Has Not Pro duced Its Calculated Ef fect of Breaking Way for Advance of Their Infantry ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH 1 LONDON, Nov. 16 The official press bureau issued the fullowing Ac count dated November 10. of the movements of the British force and the French armies immediately in touch with it: "In describing operations for the six days from November 4 to the J til, it can be said that during that period the Germans nowhere along our main front made any attacks in great force such as was launched against Vpres at the end of October. "What they may be contemplating remains to be seen. Their policy ap peared to be to wear us out by con tinual bombardment interspersed with local assaults at different points. "As regards their artillery attacks, which have now continued without cessation for days, wonder Is arous?d as to when this prodigal expenditure of ammunition will cease, for it nas not produced its obviously calculated effects of breaking the defense in preparation for the advance of their infantry. So far the infantrymen have been the chief sufferers from the tactics employed. During recent attacks our men were reinforced, en joyed some rest and had time to im prove' the trenches in different ways. Moreover, consciousness that they had repelled one great effort of the enemy was a moral factor of no small value." Describing the fighting, the report says: Long, straggling villages when they became visible, seemed to melt away and assume odd, fantastic shapes is the houses crumbled, and blocks of mnsonry were thrown hither and thither by the blasting effects of lyd dite and helinite. "Night attacks have been a regu lar occurrance at different points, and were made apparently more with the view to annoying our troops and preventing them from sleeping, than any other object. "Sometimes the advance has been of a more serious nature and has been carried out by large bodies. "In such cases the Germans invari ably lost heavily, and even if they succeeded in gaining our first line trenches they were almost always driven out again. "These demonstrations appear to be proportionately more costly and even more useless than the heavier attacks. 'The assault of the allies' artillery work is most satisfactory. When they are seen to be running from shelter which has ceased to act as such, they sire caught and mowed down by rapid fire French field artillery. Against a suitable target the action of the French 7.5 centimeter field guns is literally terrific and must be seen to be realized. At one place the gaunt wreck of an old church tower and the blackened remains of a few houses aro'und it would emerge for a moment only to be blotted out in a pall of smoke. "The smoke from bursting shells resembles the craters of volcanoes belching fire and fume. On the whole there is evidence to show that the Germans are beginning to be af fected by their losses. From pris oners it is gathered that the young men in the new corps cannot with stand the. fatigues and privations ' of campaigning and that the middle aged men lack ardor. From the same source it js lea'rned that the recruits -who have not previously served have only received some eight or nine -weeks' training Instead of twelve, and they have practically no Instruction 5n musketry. On the other hand the (Continued on Page Four.) Germany Again Under Sign, . . Of The Russian Danger associated press Bispatch BERLIN, Nov. 1 Germany is again "under the sign of Russian danger," to quote an astrological metaphor fre quently used by the Germans. The combined German-Austrian armies which by a well timed and well exe cuted change of .front, with timely re inforcements were able to sweep through Poland to the line of the Vis tula and threatening Warsaw and Ivangorod, were in turn outflanked by the masses of Russia's command and have fallen back to their own trenches. The timid Inhabitants of the border regions are leaving their homes for the interior. Professional pessimists draw long faces and a certain amount of dis quietude is being manifested in civilian circles in Berlin. Predictions are haz ardous, but the great news of the next OSTRICHES COMPETING WITH NATIONAL BIRD CHICAGO, Nov. 16. The os trich has entered the Thanksgiving market challenging the turkey. They are grown in the southwest and mere chicks weighing fifty pounds, are priced at fifty cents a pound live weight. Apparent Truce Is Established By Suffragettes I ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH NASHVILLE, Nov. lfi The forty sixth annual convention of the Na tional American Woman Suffrage As sociation in session here since Thurs day, closed tonight with an apparent truce established between the oppos ing elements of the organization. Among the more important results of today's session were the election of officers, the declaration by the as sociation of a definite policy of op posing attacks on political party, the adoption of resolutions setting forth the organization's stand on legisla tion for suffrage and other public questions. Dr. Shaw was unopposed for president. Contrary to numerous rumors of the day and night previous, no men tion was made of the congressional union, concerning which there had been heated discussion among the. delegates and no motion was pre sented involving any authorization to the national body to discipline the state organizations which might work contrary to the association's policy. The anti-administration supporters worked diligently for their candidates for national offices, styled the "rep resentative ticket," but after the ad ministration nominees were elected by a majority strength of about se venty votes, calmness prevailed. o October Brings Additions To Our Merchant Marine ASSOCIATED PRESS DI8PATCH1 WASHINGTON, Nov. 1G One hun dred and thirty-one ships were add ed to the American merchant ma rine in October through the transfers from the foreign registry and the construction of new vessels in the United States according to announce ment today by the bureau of navi gation. One hundred of the new ships 92 of wooden and eight of metal con struction, with a tonnage of 21,724 were built in American yards. Sixty eight are steamers, .five are sailing craft and 27 are unrigged. The Atlantic gulf ports contributed 57 of the ships, the Pacific coast 8, the Great Lakes 22, and the western rivers 13. Thirty-one foreign vessels trans ferred to American registry aggregate 98,608 gross tons. Most of them were built in the British isles. METAL MARKET NEW YORK, Nov. 16 Silver 48; Electrolytic firm, J11.7& to $12. FEDERAL TROOPS IN I HARTFORD VALLEY j FORT SMITH, Ark., Nov. 16 Within the next 24 hours. United States troops in IlarUord Valley j probably will be guarding the em- ployes of the Bache-Denman in- terests working under Franklin Fache as federal receiver of the properties. United States Judge Youmans issued an order giving the receiver additional authority to operate certain mines controlled by the company. The troops, it is be- lieved, will be able to handle any situation that may arise in the val- ley. I fortnight may come from the armies facing on Poland's wintry fields. There are many indications of retire ment before Warsaw, not of a beaten army, but of one which, realizing it had failed in Its object of a surprise cam paign, promptly changed its strategic plan and retreated. The common re port is that General von Hindenburg is I ready to accept or give battle on the 'new ground he has chosen. Retirement .from Warsaw resembles in many re- speets that from the environs of Paris In September, the Germans in both ' cases afsuming a great risk of running out of ammunition and supply trains ' and exposing their flank and rear, hop i ing to smash a supposed demoralized j army. The Germans say they are as proud of this retreat as the English are ' of theirs at the Mons. J PO ARE LOST IN GREAT S British Parliament Con venes to Discuss Matters of Palpitatingly Present Import and Party Lines Are Forgotten VOTE BIG FUND AND MORE MEN Will Loan Belgium andSer via, and "Hope to Collect Interest from Kaiser" Leaders Make Heartening Suggestions ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl LONDON, Nov. 16. At a meeting of the house of commons, devoted to war measures, partisan politics were lack ing. Premier Asquilh requested a vote for a billion a hundred and twenty-five millions and another million soldiers, both of whl. ii the house granted with out a dissenting vote. The conditions and morale o the troops, the inevitable spy system, and the press censorship were freely discussed. The prime min ister characterized the crises as the "greatest emergency in which the country was ever placed." He said twelve hundred thousand men were al ready under arms; the war was costing nearly five millions daily: that the gov ernment proposed a loan to Belgium of fifty millions, and to Servia four mil lions without interest until the end of the war. Timothy Healy, the Irish nationalist said the money should be given to those nations. John Hodge, a labor member endorsed the proposal with the suggestion, "that later on we can col lect it from the German emperor." Reginald McKenna, secretary of home affairs, informed the house there were 14,500 alien enemies in concentra tion camps and 29,000 at large. Walter Hume Long, the unionist, congratulated the government on be half of the opposition on its "steadfast determination to carry the war to a successful conclusion." Mr. Long, Mr. Healy and Ixird Charles Beresford urged that the country be given fuller details of the troops' achievements on the field, premier Asquith placed the burden of the censorship on France, and said the allies which were doing the bulk of the fighting were entitled to a decisive vote on the matter of sending correspondents to the battle front. William Henry Cowan, the lib eral, proposed that Great Britain fol low Russia's example, and prohibit the sale of liquor during the war. Dealing with the matter of soldiers' pay, the premier said: "Insufficiency of pay in the lower ranks and among commissioned officers has long been a reproach to this country but now that they are laying down their lives it has become scandalous, and indecent." He said Earl Kitchener, secretary of war had prepared a scheme for increased pay. He closed by saying, that sick ness among the soldiers had not ex ceeded ten or possibly fifteen per cent, and he believed no body of men ever brought together comported themselves better than the present army. Referring to the great stimulus to recruiting for the London Scottish reg iment which resulted from the prompt publicity given to the story of its gal lant charge and to similar publicity re garding the achievements of other reg iments which have greatly accelerated their recruiting, Mr. Asquith said he would be very glad if any system could be adopted by which the gallantry of officers and men of all regiments might be promptly communicated to the public. With rp;ard to a suggestion that skilled war correspondents be permit ted at the front, he pointed out that the government was not a free agent in the matter. "We must regulate our proceedings" he said, "by the proceedings of our allies, who do the chief share of fight ing in the long lines at the front in their own country, and who therefore rightly have the decisive vote as to what is to be done in the way of ap pointing war correspondents." He declared he had been governed in this matter strictly by the require ments of the military exigencies and he knew the commander-in-chief of the French forces desired that both coun tries should get the full advantage that could be obtained by giving publicity to military operations. With reference to the allegations that there had been much demoraliza tion among the troops through drink, and other causes, he said a careful in quiry had been mnde which showed that there was far less than the 30 or 40 per cent of suffering from prevent-, able disease as had been stated in some quarters. PLAN MEMORIAL FOR ROBERTS ASSOCIATED PIIES8 MSPATCH LONDON, Nov. 16. Premier As quith will move in the house of com mons tomorrow that an address be presented to King George, asking that a suitable monument be erected over the body of the late Field Marshal Earl Roberts at public cost, with En Inscription expressing gratitude and admiration for his illustrious military career and devoted services to state. 1 CfflSIS INCENDIART'WSITS WRATH Busy Corner ,.-t:& --'YT Fran -busy, - ... . i.-a t.:,..'.l(A'-;'.'.,'.i.,.y fcu'.y ..t,w : . . ,. ' 'w. . Looking East on Washington Street and North on Central Avenue BUSY BUSINESS CORNER OUT BY EARLY MORNING BLAZE mm plays OF THE ARMIES Russians Are Reported to Be Marching Through Snow, Wlule Blizzards Sweep Trenches in Bel mum and North France ASSOCIATED PRESS DIFI'ATCH LONDON, Nov. 16. The coming of winter has psrtly paralyzed i'.ie movements of the troops both in i'.ie east and west theater of war. The Russians on the border east of Prus sia are reported to be marching through snow, clad in sheepskin jack ets, similar to those which the Jap anese first wore in Manchuria. Bliz zards have swept the trenches of Belgium and northern France ant brought great suffering to th:- wounded, as well as the men in tin- fields. A large area of west Flanders around Dixmude has been flooded by heavy rains and is no-man's land for fighting. French and German re ports were contradictory as regards the progress of their armies in th- west yesterday. Berlin says there have only been slight activities because of the snow storm. Paris announced that tlu" Germans in attempting to cross tho canal near Dixmude were thrust back, while the allies captured several strategic points, repulsed two Ger man attacks south of Vpres, and "en tirely destroyed" a German regiment south of Bixsehoote. An observer with the British army who furnishes newspaper reports from the front, announces that Ger man attempts to batfer a wedge through the British lines have de creased greatly in force during the past few days and that they bear no resemblance to the attacks in great force launched against Vpres, he de clares. The writer pays high tribute to the bravery of raw German youths and men of middle age, who, he says, do not hesitate to march against the trained British troops. If the Hermans have abandoned their j furious battering ram efforts to thrust, back the allies' lines and reach Calais, their failure will con stitute a distinct victory for the al lies, it is asserted here, because the Hies have not tried to accomplish anything more than to hold their own on the defensive. Petrograd reports the Russian cam paign developing favorably in east Prussia. From other sources it is reported the inhabitants of tint country are beginning to flee before the menace of a second invasion on the Polish frontier, and in Galicia two enormous armies are massing for the battle which may decide the fortunes of the war In the east. The possibility is being discussed that the Austrians may abandon Cracow without defense rather than submit the city to destructive bombardment. Cold Aids Progress PETROGRAD, Nov. 16. The Russian advance In East Prussia, according to news from the front, has been mater- (Continued on Page Four) H IIS UPON WAREHO USE DISTRICT Visited By Devastating Flames Defective Flue Believed to Have Caused Fire Which Completely Put Out of Business Several Leading Establishments of Citv Fire of unknown origin, but believed to have been caused from a defective flue, visited tlie exact business center of Phoenix yesterday forenoon and he fore it had been placed under control, "eight establishments, at least three of them the leading concerns of their class in the- southwest, had been com pletely wiped out, entailing an aggre gate loss of not far under $2oO,0(iO. The northeast corner of Washington street and Central avenue, as a result of the fire, today presents a scene of ruin. These concerns were the victims of the fire: Harry J. Jones, owner of the group of buildings, $T..i(M, insurance $ir.,00ii. Phoenix Drug company, (Busy Drug Rtorei j:C,nrto, insurance $24.1(00. The Gass Chop House, $15,000, insur ance js.r.oo. Frank Connelly (The Mission), $23, 000. insurance $S,O0O. V. B. Baptist company, $15,000, insur ance $9,100. Harnett Clothing company, stock, front and fixtures, $27,000, insurance $2".r,oo. Paul's Barber Shop, $7,000, insurance $.1,000. E. Munson, optician, front and fix tures, $5,000r no insurance. .1. Georges, shoe shining stand, $1500. No insurance. It was about 6:45 o'clock when flames were seen emerging from the intricate passages in the rear of the buildings, probaljy from the portion of the building occupied by the Harnett Clothing company. Seemingly the..:e flames w'cre more in evidence about a chimney that served several tenants. An alarm was sounded from Tiox 412, just across the street and before the second round was in, the first auto fire truck was laying hose. Inside of two minutes from tlu1 time the bell first tapped there were several streams of water playing upon the doomed buildings. With the arrival of the firemen and (lie laying of hose, it was found that the interior of the Barnctt store room was a mass of fiames and that the fire was already eating its way along, the inter com man ic.'it ing attics, difficult of ac cess to the firemen, but furnishing an easy means for the spreading of the de stroying flames. In less than half an hour after the fire was discovered, it could be seen that the entire structure, partitioned off into the several lesser establish ments and with no fire wall to restrain the spread of the fire, was doomed. Some of the tenants were enabled to remove some of their most valuable papers, but for the most part it was utterly impossible to enter any portion of the building with the idea of saving anything. Because of the fragile nature of the construction of the building, it was ab solutely impossible for the firemen to mount to the roof and carry lines of hose to points where fighting would have been at an advantage. The men at the hixso were obliged to. work from the street and not until the flames be gan bursting into the open was it pos sible to play the streams directly upon them. The outer walls began falling and this gav,e the firemen the oppor tunity to work at closer range. Four hours after the alarm was sent in, the fire had'eaten its way through practically every portion of the build ing and had been drowned out by the eight streams of water poured upon the (Continued on Page Two) imp" T ir "it- t WIPED WILL BE 6IVEU WIDER S Although Twelve Institu tions Have Been Open But One Day Plans Are Already on Foot to In crease Their Usefulness I ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl WASHINGTON, Nov. 10. Although die twelve federal reserve banks only began business today, tile federal re serve board has already plans before it for widening their usefulness and increasing the supply of cash. Tele grams arrived at the treasury depart ment immediately after the formal telegraphic order to open the banks bad been sent by Secretary McAdoo, with congratulations and promises of co-operation. No data of the business for the first day is available, but a report is ex pected tomorrow. The board is hard ly willing to make definite conclusions from the first day, but the week's j business will materially influence the future action. If tile federal reserve centers are able to use more cash, there is $110,000,0110 in the United States treasury available, and about $04,000,000 federal deposits in the na tional banks may be transferred. The postoi'fice department has noti fied postmasters to discontinue de posits in banks not members of the federal reserve system immediately. A Financial "Fourth" CHICAC.O, Nov. lfi. The celebration of what Paul Warburg of the federal reserve board called "a financial Fourth of July," was observed in the opening of the federal reserve banks in the middle-western cities. The first millions of the huge sums of money that the banks will hold were it-oi.sited amid ceremonies of rejoic ing. Xhe Chicago reserve bank received $32,000,000 today. "This means a compu te change in the economic con ditions of the United States," said C. II. Bosworth, federal reserve agent. "It should mean safety, inde pendence and a gradual expansion of our commerce. The interest rates .should soon fall with the release of these vast sums of actual cash." Several of the most important banks announced a reduction in interest rates to 6 per cent. It was said, however, that money here had been easier than for some time. BESE M BANKS Emperor William Dictator Of Austro ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl GENEVA, Switzerland, Nov. 16 Persons arriving here from Innsbruck, the capital of Tyrol, Austria, say the report that Emperor 'William is now dictator of the Austro-German army is generally believed. The emperor's first demand, they say, was for the resignation of the Austrian heir-apparent and eleven Austrian division generals, w hose work Goldman Warehouse Fol lows Those of Lount and Hill, and Before the Fire is Under Control Three More Are Started FIEND ESCAPES " FROM TWO GUARDS Engineer Loecher Grapples With Him, But is Knock ed Down Watchman Smith's Shots in Dark Prove to Be Futile The blazing ruin of a six thousand dollar hay warehouse was not yet done sending its red glare into the sky, when an unknown fire-bug danced about the region of the Ari zona Eastern yards hist night, and before ten o'clock had lighted what is believed to have been his seventh fire within four days. That there IS an incendiary and a very fiend at it is testified by A. E. Loecher, en gineer of the Phoenix Flour Mills, who had hold of the man, and re ceived a straight right to the jaw, for his pains. What the fire fiend did last night: Started Goldman warehouse fire. Lighted oily waste In box car near flour mill. Lighted waste under car in A. E. yards. Fumed cottage next to stock pens. Counting the fires that destroyed the Lount warehouse, a caboose on the A. E. tracks and the A. E. ware house occupied by Walter Hill all three on Friday nignt, plus the four separate and distinct fires ignited last night, the "bug" has now per petrated seven outrages that are practically fixed upon as his handi work. The Goldman warehouse is a total loss, with fifty tons of hay, grain and equipment valued above $6000. The fire was noticed about eight o'clock, but before water could be gotten on the building, it was too far gone to be saved. Fire Truck No. 1, speeding east on Jefferson street between Eight and Ninth went .into an open excavation where water mains had been renewed, and re mained there until the other trucks came back from the fire and with steel hawsers, yanked it out. Like the Lount building, the Gold man warehouse was permitted to continue burning after the danger of the flames spreading had been re duced. The contents of both were hay, and are much better removed as ashes than as soaked half burned bales. The Lount fire has been in progress for four days, or since late Friday night. It has been under care ful guard. Half an hour after the Goldman fire had attracted its thousands to the scene, officers accompanied En gineer Loecher into the yards of the Phoenix flour mills, which are locat ed just a block west of the burning warehouse. Loecher went around one way, and there among the box cars he came upon a stooping individual, who was in the net of applying a match to a neatly arranged pile of oiled waste. From the pile, a drap ery of waste hung over the open door of a box car, evidently to carry the fire inside that it might more easily start things going. Loecher gripped the man's coat and tried to throw him. He was knocked flat, and before the officers could come, the incendiary had escaped. Once more during the night, the (fiend came to grips . with the law, ' and that was when Luke Smith, yard 'watchman at the Arizona Eastern 'shops pumped two shots at him as he fled from a box car east of the stock yards, a scene of another of his icoups. Smith was making his" rounds and was near the place where the ce ment walk crosses the tracks in front of the round house. He saw the i flames shoot up a hundred yards least on the siding. Without waiting to discuss matters, and knowing that he was In for a strenuous night. Smith unlimbered his six shooter and uncorked two shots at the blazing pile, in the hope either of hitting the i criminal or of scaring him into the !open. He neither saw nor heard the incendiary as he made nis maa rusn to the blaze. Seeing he would not be able to quell it, without help, 'Smith hurried to the shop and caught 'up an extinguisher. Scarcely had he 'put out the small blaze before an I other one broke out two hundred (Continued on Page Two) - German Army against the Russian forces in Galicia Is regarded as unsatisfactory. Emperor Francis Joseph, according to these same advices, agreed to the removal of the division generals, but is holding out against the retirement of the heir-apparent. The passing of the command of the Austrian army to the Germans has created a decided impression among the Austrian officers, some of whom it Is reported will resign.