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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, THURSDAY MOIiXINO, NOVEMBER 1, 1!)H 10 PAGES .VOL.XXV. NO. 178 FROM FLANDERS COAST TO RIVER LYS GERMAN A TTA CKS- CONTINUING Fighting is Reported Along, Yirtuallv the Entire Front i Without Any Appreciable Change Noted in the Sit uation A LUES STILL HOLD TRENCHES 1.1 - ti I 1l'"' i ir.-Mi VM-i-i nian rorcos Again At tempt to Dislodge the Al lies, and Continuing Of i'ensive Lose Manv Men associated prkss dispatch! LONDON, Nov. IS. The latest of ficial communications regarding the operations on the western battlefields j . are much the same as in preceding .lay There has been fighting vi, - j appreciable change in the situation. From the coast of Flanders to the j I;iver Lys, on the Franco-Uelgiaii bur- i iler, much of wliich was flooded In' the allies to prevent German attacks, there has be;n a repetition on a smaller scale of the inevitable Her man bombardment preceding; infantry .attacks. In isolated spots there have been attacks in forte, but the British and French say these, were repulsed. Around Vpres fresh German troops again attempted to force the allies out of their trenches, a task which the Prussian guards failed to accom plish. Both sides, as indicated by the casualties among the of if errs, are losing heavily in the fighting, but the Germans are on the offensive. Their losses are said to be enormous. The French zouaves, who have frequently distinguished themselves, were again utilized to dislodge the Germans trom Lixschoote, over which there has been much fighting. These incidents il lustrate the situation. First one side and then the other grains an advan tage, but when all is told, the gen eral situation is about the same. In the east the Germans and Aus trians h.;ve turned after their retreat from Vistula to face the Russians in Fast Prussia, and in Poland, before Cracow. Each of these regions prob ably will provide a bis battle, but the most important will be that in Po land, where the Germans are sending- their best and strongest armies,' hoping to smash the Russian center. This would compel the Russians to fall hack to the Vistula and relieve Silesia from immediate danger of an invasion. Concerning the fighting in the Palkans and the near east, only scraps of information are reaching the out side world. In South Africa, General Louis liotha, commander-in-chief of the defense forces, repot ts the dis persing of additional rebel com mandoes and the capture of guns, am munition and provisions. The Earl ot Crewe disclosed in the house of lords today that in Fast Africa the Indian troops are employed against the Germans. That there has been heavy fighting is shown by the fact that the British casualties already number yflO. The following wireless was received tonight from Berlin by the Marconi Wireless company: "In the latest fighting against tr.e Servians, the Austrians captured forty-two guns and thirty-one ma chine guns. After three days' fighting the Austrians defeated the Monte negrins near Frabowr. The Servians are now concentrating three divisions in fortified positions south of Bel grade. It is reported thnt Armen tieres, France, has been bombarded.'' Libau is Bombarded PETHOGRAD, Nov. IS. Tonight's official statement says:--, "Yesterday morning a Germitn Miuadron of two cruisers, ten tor pedo boats and several steamers ap peared belore Libau and bombarded the city and harbor, setting- fire to several buildings. The same day the Russian Black Sea fleet, which had (Continued on Page Three) Federation Urges Federal Settlement Plan Adopted PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 18. The American Federation of Labor adopted resolutions requesting that the presi dent insist that the Colorado mine op erators immediately comply with Cue federal plan for a settlement of the strike in that state and in the event they refuse that he take necessary steps to have a receiver appointed to operate the affected mines under fed eral supervision until the civil and po litical rights of the people are estab lished. With regard to the trouLle within the ranks of the organised mine work ers of Montana, the convention in structed the executive council of the federation to use its efforts to bring about industrial amity and union solidarity in that state. The committee on the executive council's report took up most of the fternoon session presenting lis re port, which virtually approved every-1 thing done during the past year by the executive council of the federa lord ROBERTS' BODY RESTS AT HIS HOME ! ASCOT. England. Nov. IS. !. 'overed w ith the Cnion Jack, I with his sword and service hat resting- upon it. the coffin eou- tnining the liody of Field Marshal Lord Roherts of Kandahar, now ! lies in a small room in the mod- est home where the great soldier : wem to conduct tamiiy prayers. i ;,nc! in which there is small altar and a crucifix. The coffin j armed from Folkestone hy spe- cial t i d in today. The eeremonv was simple. The coffin was oar- vied by employes of l,ord Roll- j cits' estate to the home, where brief services were conducted by ! the rector of Ascot, attended by ' I-ady Roberts, her daughters find ; a few privileged friends. ; . WllSOH ASSUMS M'Adoo Business Outlook Is Good associated press dispatch! NEW. 'YORK. Nov. IS. The presi dent's reassuring statement to Secre tary McAdoo in connection with the opening of the federal reserve bank ing system was almost the mam topic of discussion in financial circles. Taken in conjunction wltn the completion of the $l;S,",000,0(iO cot ton pool, it was hailed as an augury of betterment in other directions. Another step toward the restoration of normal financial conditions was recorded when a committee of bank ers and bond dealers organized after the outbreak of the war to supervise dealings in unlisted bonds and un listed guaranteed stocks announced its retirement. A well established market is now prevailing for thes-: securities and absence of all danger in the loan situation enabled the committee to take this action. In dustrial conditions are of greater promise, according to authoritative trade advices. Copper mend scored cnother fractional advance and pur chases of pig iron increased mate rially. o MUST DIVERSIFY CROPS McAdoo Issues Warning to Southern Cotton Growers f ASSOCIATED I'RSSS DISPATCHl WASHINGTON", Nov. 18. A warn ing was given by the officials of the federal reserve board and the treasury department tonight that the south must learn the diversification of crops and make a reduction in cotton acreage next year, if it is to get the full bene fit from the J13...u00,0oo loan fund just 'omnlcted. to insure material increase in the price of raw cotton for next year p crop. -McAdoo in a formal statement called this, "the other pressing and important problem" with which the south must deal. He urged the raising of other food products, which he predicted will find a ready market, particularly if the European war persists. "The southern farmer" said McAdoo, "therefore has an unusual opportunity now for changing exisiting methods and habits with a certain profit and permanent benefit to himself." STEADY DEMAND FOR WAR LOAN FUNDS LONDON'. Xov. IS. There has been a steady demand, but r.o I I i rush on the central banks to get ! '. prospectuses of the new British ! j war loan of $l,7f0,000,000, with interest at three and one-half per cent, at a price of ninety-five, I I redeemable at par March 1, 192S. j The stock exchange views the loan as a pood investment. Some I j members believe there will be a I J further loan next April. I I I tion. The jurisdictional dispute be tween the United Hatters and the Cloth Hat and Cap Makers and that between the Gas and Water Work ers and the plumbers' organization in San Krancisco was referred to the executive council for further action. Other resolutions advocated im provements in the federal steamboat inspection service, and favored the retirement law for superannuated fed eral employes. A resolution introduced by Dele ftate Andrew Gallagher of San Fran cisco, asking the federation's status on the Newspaper Solicitors' I'nion of San I-'raneisco and asking what help it expects to give that union provoked discussion, during which the question of the strength of the Solic itors' I'nion came under discussion Questions asked in a resolution by the union were not answered by the committee reporting the matter, but were referred to officers of the fed eration. 1SSIA HAS MIT! PROHIBITING Since Mobilization Began, Sale of Vodka or Other Spirituous Liquors Has Been Kffectually Stopped bv the Government EXT I RE COUNTRY BETTER FOR IT Peasants Show Different Spirit and There is Now an Almost .Total Absence of the Minor Crimes in the Countrv f ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH! PETROGRAD, Nov IS. There is prohibition in Russia which means that not a single drop of vodka, whiskey, brandy, gin or other strong liquor is obtainable in a territory populated by l."0, ftoo.ooo people covering one-sixth of the habitable globe. People who formerly consumed $1,(hio,oii0.000 worth of vodka yearly have suddenly been forced to become absolutely abstemious. Vodka manufacture is a government monopoly so prohibition is easy of en forcement. On the day of mobilization it is declared that officials made the rounds of public places, sealed up the supply of liqiwr and declared its fur ther use wuuld he prohibited. As a re sult there has been a remarkable change in the people. There is no drunkenness and the peasantry show better living and better health. Places formerly unsafe for men may now be visited by unattended woman. Minor crimes have been almost elim inated. The reform was brought about chiefly by Demitrovich Tcheliseff, a peasant hy birth, originally a house painter, later mayor of Samara and now a millionaire. . Sneaking of what he accomplishe-l for the cause of sobriety In Russia, Tchelisheff says: "I was reared in a small Russian j village. There were no schools or hospitals, or any of the improve ments we are accustomed to in civil ized communities. I picked up m fducation from old newspapers and stray books. fine day I chance"! upon a book in the hands of a mini jik, which treated of the harmfulness of alcohol.' It stated among other things that vodka was a poison. I was so impressed with this, know ing that everybody drank vod ka, that I asked the first physician I met if the statement was true. Ho said. "Yes." Men drink it, he ex plained, because momentarily it gave -"" " i"e....,t ness. i-rom mat itme i oecioeo t take evey opportunity to discover more about vodka. "At the end of the eighties ther" enme a famine in Russia, followed by agrarian troubles. I saw a crowd of peasants demand from a local land lord all the grain and foodstuffs in his granary. This puzzled me. I did not understand how honest men could he indulging in what seemed to me to be highway robbery. But T noted at the time that every man who was taking part in this Incident was a drinking man, while their fel 1'W villagers who were abstemious had sufficient provisions In their ow.l homes. Thus it was that I observe! the industrial effects of vodk.i drinking. 'At Samara I decided more thn.i passively to disapprove vodka. At this time I was alderman -ind many tenants living In my houses were working men. One night a drunken father in one of my houses killed his wife. This incident made such a terrible impression on me that I de cided' to fight vodka with all my strength. "On the supposition that the gov ernment was selling vodka for reve nue, I calculated the revenue re ceived from its consumption in Sa mara. I then introduced a bill in the city council, providing the city would give thiB turn of money to th , imperial treasury, requesting at tlri same time that the sale of vodka be prohibited. This bill passed, and the money was appropriated. It was of fered the government, but the gov ernment promptly refused it. "It then dawned upon me that the Russian bureaucracy did not want the people to become sober, for the ipasnn that it is easier to rule auto cratically a drunken mob than a sober people. "This was seven years ago. Latar I was elected mayor of Samara, the capital of the Volga district, a dis trict with over a quarter of a million inhabitants. Subsequently to holding this office I was elected to the Duma on an anti-vodka platform. In the Duma I proposed a bill . permitting the inhabitants of any town to close the local vodka shops, providing alsi every bottle of vodka should hear a label with the word "poison At my request the wording of this. label, in which the evils of vodka were set forth, was done by the late Count Leo Tolstoy. This bill passed tlv Duma and went to the imperial couii cil, where it was amended, and was finally tabled." WANAMAKER SENDS llulinj leai:ig i'hiladelplna; John anama!;er cheering the sitanier as it pulled cfT. v Salvos from the butteries of whistles and sirens from the river and deep sea trmnp craft, as well as fro:i the mills and factories o.i both shores of the Delaware liver, greeted the mercy ship Tlielnia as she started o.i her way to succor the Haitians, loaded with two thousands tons of supplies ' for them, donated l.y the lion. John Wanamaker, former postmaster general and merchant prince of Philadelphia ami New York. Mr. Wanamaker is seen at the right cheerinjr the first of tl:e mercy ship:; he. lias cliaitered to convey material aid to the poor of war-ridden Helium. It is expected that another ship, la:ger than the Thclma. will scon set on a similar mission to distribute food, clothing and medical supplies to the war zone. It s hoped that this stvond ili:p will leave Thank.s";ivin;r day. DANIELS INSTR UCTS COMMANDERS NOT TO EMBARRASS UNITED STATES JUDGE KING SEES VALLEY III ONE OAK Visiting Legal Chief of tlu Reclamation Commission Crams Two Days of Sightseeing into 10()-MiU;j Automobile -Journey "That's a good diversion dam." Chief Counsel Will R. King of th" Cnited States reclamation enmmis tiion confined his comments on tlv irrigation work in the Salt River Val ley to the abve terse statement, when he hail glimpsed the concrete rlruclure that divides the waters of the Salt, Tonto and 'rde between the north and south sides. Completing a hundred mile auto mobile journey yesterday evening. the visitor discovered that he hid crammed into one busy day all h" program that he had mapped out for a brace of afternoons. Instead of j making the luncheon with W. J. Mm - ; ;ihy at Ingleside the end of bis aftei-j noon's trip. Judge King and bis guides concluded to make a more ":- j tensive exploration, and the resul t was they went to Granite Keef, crossed the river, struck across tn mesa to the Roosevelt.' road, looked at the transmission line and cunc home via the sonthside. This com bined business with pleasure in a ery satisfactory manner. The Murphy luncheon was attend ed by Judge King, President John I'. Orme and Secretary C. A. Van !er Veer of the Water I'sers , Supervi.i; ing Engineer Prank W. Hanna and Project Manager C. H. Pitch, Division Counsel E. E. Roddis. Engineer W. P.. Elliott. Legal Advisor George 1). Christy, George Goodall and L. H. Cake. Today' Program Judge King will occupy himself a'.l day in office consultations with ihe engineers and chiefs of legal divi sions. He regrets not being aide to make a trip to Roosevelt, but his tim.'1 ig so limited jie cannot make all in -. project features he would like to. Tomorrow morning the council and governors of the Water L'sers' asso ciation will meet in special session at ten o'clock in order to take no with the visiting legal chief the mat ters of project cost survey and time extension. In the afternoon, at one o'clock, t'l" same matters will be discussed at an open meeting in the farmers' room of the water temple. The irrigatirs are to be present and hear for them selves what explanation Mr. King will make of Secretary Lane's plans for cost accounting. Immediately after the afternoon session Judge King will take his le parture for the coast. SHIP LOADED K SUPPLIES TO BELGIANS jCables Or'tiYers of Cruisers j Tennessee and North Car olina Not to Take Steps Calculated to Involve This , Countrv With TurkeV MA V EN PLAIN SIIOO'ITNC INCIDENT I'i'om Some Messages Infer ence, is Drawn That Shot at Ship's Launch May Only Have jjeen Custoni arv Friend lv Signals f ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON. Nov. U. Secie lary Diniels cabled the commander. ef the cruisers Tennessee and North Carolina to act only upon Washjiv-s ton instructions and take no steps .-lleulateJ to embarrass the I'nited States government. Secretary Iianiels cabled the com manders of the Tennessee a.nd Noriii Carolina not to take any step cal culated to embarrass the Cubed States, and await further old rs. These .steps followed a message from Captain Benton C. Decker, command er of the Tennessee and paraphrased by the navy department: "Captain Decker wired that while proceeding from Vourlah to Smyrna to make an official call his boat was fired at. The consul was anxioun for the safety of the consulate, and the Tennessee proceeded to and left (Continued on Page Seven) ' Ambassador Morgenthau ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl WASHINGTON. Nov. IS. Tlv I'nited states government directed Ambassador Morgenthau at Con stantinople to ask the Ottoman gov ernment for an explanation of tne firing by Turkish land forces at a launch from the American cruiser Tennessee, proceeding from Vourla.t to the American consulate at Smyrr.u, Asia Minor. 1 iM laBiEairi r- ' a.-J ' ' , ... J I j$Sijy rNUNDtk w;dL&J, j ... . ' ft IL5 TAKES T K A SHOT Resumes Triumphant March on Capital at Head of Ten Tl i oi isand M en E i ght i ng at Naco Ohregon Stalls North I ASSOCIATED IT.f'SS .ISPATCll WASHINGTON. Nov. I Si. Villa hap taken possesion ol Leon without firing a shot. He is now marching south on Silacon. on his way to Mexico City, according to a message from George agent. Carotbers, American consular i-eon :s a raiiroau center Petween jAgnas Calii ntes -and Mexico City, j t'arranza had mi-r B'.O'iO men there . ..... .. - . I during the Aguas1 ('alientes conven I tion to prevent Villa's pisible move ment toward Mexico City, and !t is understood this force iuis been with drawn to IrapuntoV forty miles south of Leon and mile from Mexico City. Villa, in command of the troops under the control of the Mexican con- i vention at Aguas ("alientes, is march- . ing on Mexico City. The forces of'! General Pablo Gonzales, loyal to Car- ran Ml.' are gathered at Queretaro and i trapuato, where the first important j clash probably will occur. These facts were reported by ( onsiilar Agent Carothers. From Consul Silllman came a dispatch saying the condi tions are far more serious in Mexico t'ity than they have been since the parleys, for peace began. He regards actual hostilities as inevitable, though (Continued on Page Four.) 0 W Tsing Tau Not Defensible When The Surrender Came fASSOClATUD PRKSS DISPATCH J I PEKING, Nov. 18. Tsing Tau wa.i no longer defencible when the Ger mans surrendered to the Japanese, ac cording to the correspondent of the Associated Press, who was in Tsing Tau throughout the siege, and who ar rived here tonight. His delay in reach ing Peking was due to the Japanese holding him at Tsing Tau after the fall as a method of censorship. At the time of the capitulation the Japanese artillery had shelled tle trenches until their infantry was on the brink of them. When the shelling ceased, the Germans looked out upon bayonets and muzzles of machine guri. Where the Japanese broke the line they crossed over the dead and wound ed, of the three big fortresses only ACTIVITIES OF CITIES GO Oil DESPITE WAR The Euro ean Conflagration Having No Serious Effect on Municipalities, Accord ing to Survey of Clinton Rogers Woodriff NO ABRIDGMENT OF THEIR PLANS Such Improvements as Have Already Been Authorized Will Continue Despite Dif ficulty in Placing lioans as Usual ASSOCIATED PRRSS DISPATCHl BALTIMORE, Nov. IS. Tha Euro pean w ar is having no serious effect on municipal activities in the United States according to a survey made By Clinton Rogers Woodruff, secretary of the National Municipal League, who delivered his annual address before that organization here tonight. With inquiry among many of the representative cities of the country. Mr. Woodruff learned that municipalities were going ahead without the slightest abridgement in their plans for such im provements as had already been au thorized, and although some cities were experiencing difficulty in placing loans through the usual channels, municipal credit did not seem to be jeopardized. j "Indeed", he said, "the opinion pre I vails among financial authorities that ! the European situation will in a short time make municipal securities thti most desirable in America," He reported no recession of interest ' in the commission or commission i manager forms of city government. I "What is aptly called the Vanishing 1 system the bicameral form of city I government" he said, "is to be found j now in only nine of the largest fifty i cities, Philadelphia, Baltimore, KanB taii City, Providence. Louisville, Atlanta, j Worcester. Richmond, Va., and Cam bridge, Mass. "In the light of the events of the past five years," he continued, "it would not be hazardous to predict that five years hence not one of the larger cities will be risking its business and it future to the evils of a form which affords such abundant opportunities for inef ficiency, and waste and mismanage ment." Hand in hand with this advance he notes the progress of municipal home rule "which in the course of the com ing generation is destined to become the settled policy with regard to fTie relations of the states to the cities." Nine Iowa cities operating under tho commission form of government hail, he noted, lived within their income for tile first time in 1913. A federal cen sus also showed that out of 69 com mission cities, 01vere found to be run ning at less per capita than the aver age head expense of the 195 metro politan centers of all classes consid ered. There was a notable improvement in municipal housekeeping accoun;a, he found. The "happy go lucky way" was being superceded generally by scien tific budgets which made both ends meet. Roth the demand for municipal ownership and that for effective con trol of privately operated municipal utilities continued unabated. Wyom ing t'nd Utah, he said, were the only states In the union which had no form of control to regulate, in some way or another, the public utilities. There was still much discussion throughout the country as to whether such control should be by state or local commis sions, with the developments of the past year seemingly more in favor of state action in these matters, He concluded with a reference to so cial problems. The fear that interest in work" along these lines would be abated on account of the great war, he believed to be unwarranted. "The very greatness of the European cata clysm will emphasize the need for greater social and civic effort," he said. An increased emigration from Europe to America was to be expected as a re sult of the war and this itself would require no little attention. the Rismark was able to cenrinue fir ing. Its guns were dynamiied as the Japanese scaled the fortifications. The Japanese rushed into the city streets pick axes and shovels in hand, shout ing "Banzai." Almost simultaneously with the hoisting of the white flag, the Germans had destroyed all their vessels including three merchantmen in dry dock, and all their cannon and military stores. The German losses were 17(1 killed and between ."00 and 600 wound ed. The Japanese and British actually engaged in the land attack numbered respectively approximately 17,000 and 15.900. The Germans in their last lino of trenches had 3,800 men. The con duct of the Japanese, is admitted by the Germans to have been conspicu ously considerate throughout the sie?. 1 '