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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, December 02, 1914, Image 1

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SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL SESSION AMERICAN MINING CONGRESS, PHOENIX, DEC. 7-8-9-10-11
THE ARIZONA. REPUBLICAN,
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL
TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR
10 PAGES
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY -MORNING, DECEMBER 1fUL
10 PAGES
YOL. XXV. NO.-191
MONARCHS OF NATIONS
ARE ATBA TTLE FRONTS
DIRECTING FIGHTING
Kiuj; George of England is
in France, While Czar of
Russia and Kaiser of Ger
many Arc With Their
Soldiers
SAME WITH FRANCE
AND BELGIUM
Ihis Means That Virtuallv
Si '.Wa IFind Man Who
in Close Touch With Their
Respective Armies
I
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
LONDON, Dec. 1. The battle in
Northern Poland, concerning the pro
gress of which there has been so
mucn mystery is now uew.g nempscy, appointed electrician of
out under the eyes of the Germ -m ,he Arkansas state ,,enltentlaryi suc.
emperor on one side, and the Rus- .. ... . .
1 ' ... ,,. ceeding Luther Castling, who reslgn
sian emperor on the other. These
two monarchs left for the front i- d toda-. " a sentimentalist,
day, so that virtually the heads of ail neither is he afflicted with "nerves."
rations at war are now with their The fact that ten men, four whites
nrmies. The king of England is in and aix negroe9 are jn tne death
France; the king of Belgium, as usu- chamber and he may have to pull the
ol. is spending all his time with his iever sen(jng tnem ali to Qeath doeg
soldiers, while President Poincare of not seem to worry him.
France, started today for another! u wag tnis rrospect which caused
visit to the northern battlefields. Castling to resign although he ad
Official news from Poland contin- mittej tne p)ace has Deen a comfort
ues to be scanty and, with both head- abIe berth, he has no other position
quarters claiming successes, it is im
possible to say how the battle is go
ing. Of its intensity, however, there
can be no doubt. The Germans,
when they started for Warsaw,
dashed full tilt into a mass of Rus
sian troops and forced their way so
far in that the Russians closed in on
them. This is interpreted in Petro
grad to mean that some German
divisions have been cut off, and
their surrender or annihilation is in
evitable. It appears, however, that thev
are fighting for their lives, with the
Knowledge that a great defeat will
end the German offensive and com
pel them to fall back on their own
frontiers. The German troops have
succeeded in breaking through the
Russian lines in one place, and at
another in holding their entrench
ments against all Russian attacks.
Their flanks are still harrassed by
Cossacks, but seemingly the Russians
are not now in a position to gain the
sweeping victory they anticipated.
The losses with the desperate
fighting going on for a fortnight
must he heavy on both sides. Against
the Austro-German forces in the
south the Russians continue to gain
more decisive results. They are no.v
in possession of all the Austrian pos
itions protecting the Carpathian
passes, and are said to have arrived
abreast of Cracow, while their cap
tures for three weeks number 50.000
men. In the west, although a Ger
man official report says there is
nothing to communicate, a French
official statement notes a somewhat
lively cannonade in Belgium, and
German activity north of Arras. This
may mean the Germans are about- to
commence another attempt to get
through to French ports. Certainly,
there have been changes In the dis
position of the German troops, but
what they foreshadow is known only
to the German general staff.
Military men here take opposing
views, some believing the Germans
will rest content with holding their
present positions until the close of
the battle in Poland, where they
need all the men they can get, while
others predict immediate resumption
of th battle in Northern France and
Flanders. The Germans, too, accord
ing to Dutch reports, are strongly
fortifying Zeebrugge, and other Bel
gian ports against the renewal of
attacks by the allied fleet. Fight
ing around Ypres is caused by ihe
pushing of British lines forward.
German Sortie Fails.
PARIS, Dec. 1. Night official: "In
Belgium the German infantry es
sayed without success a sortie
against those trenches to the south
of Bixschoote, between Bethune ind
Leno. After a rather brisk affair,
we captured Chateau, a park of
Vermelles (south of the Lys river)
In Argonne, and we advanced appre
ciably In the wood of La Gruria. On
the rest of the front there is noth
ing to report."
In Southern Theater.
VIENNA, Dec. 1. An official
statement says: "In the southern
war theater a further step in the
operations has reached a victorious
conclusion. The enemy, who for sev-
MAKE CHRISTMAS THE
JOY IT OUGHT TO BE
for every one by doing your shopping early. It helps
you, it helps every one, when buying is not left for the
last minute. Evtry consideration of self interest and
regard for others urges you to shop early. Make up
your mind what you want to get; then go and get it
early.
SAY MARINE UNIFORMS
ARE BULLET DRAWING
WASHINGTON, Dec. 1. Anoth-
er pica for khaki and forestry j
green uniforms replacing the bullet
drawing white of American seamen
was made by Surgeon General
Rraisted of the navy in the annual
report to Secretary of the Navy
Daniels.
I
Does Not Mind
Killing Ten Men
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Dec. 1. G.
in prospect and times are hard.
"Of course, no one likes to kill a
fellow man," Dempsey said, "and it
is a disagreeable task, but it is all
in the day's work and I'll do it like
any other disagreeable task assigned
to me. I'd be glad to hear that all
ten men had been saved from the
chair. But if they are not and I
have to pull the lever that sends
them to death, it won't worry me. I
feel sure that the night after the
first execution I will go home and
sleep as well as ever."
eral days has been offering very
strong resistencc east of the Rivers
Kelubara and Ijid (Servia) again Tt
tempted to take the offensive, but
was repulsed, suffering heavy losses
in retreat. On the battlefield at
Komatice alone our troops found 800
unburied bodies."
"Since the beginning of our last
offensive we made over 19,000 prison
ers, captured 47 machine guns and
48 guns and quantities of other war
i materials."
" " TJjr
Action is Developing
PETROGRAD, De?. 1. A general
headquarters night olficiul statement
ays:
"On the left bank of the Vistula
in the region of Lodz, the action con
tinued to develop on Monday, the
attacks of the enemy being directed
principally against the front be
tween Bielay and Sobota. To the
north of Lowioz our offensive was
crowned with success. In the region
of Lodz the artillery action was very
energetic."
Heavy Russian Defeat.
BERLIN, Dec. L It is officially
r ported from Vienna that the Rus
sian defeat in the battle of Homon
na in Hungary, thirty miles north
west of L'nghvar, was greater than
at first supposed.
"The enemy's position," says an
official statement,' was surrounded.
Both our wings directed flank at
tacks, and compelled them to beat a
hasty retreat with a loss of 1,000
(Continued en Page Two)
NOT RE
' I ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
JACKSONVILLE, 'Ha, Dec. 1. Un
truthful and unscientific statements in
bulletins issued by state departments
of health were severely criticised by
Dr. Charles F. Chapin, superintendent
of health of Providence, R. I., in an
address before the American Public
Health association today.
"For the sake of those who come
after stop filling your columns with
tommy-rot, hot air and dope," he said.
"Do not be always seeking novelty.
Most that is now is bad. There are
plenty of old truths which all of our
100,000,000 people have not yet learned."
Among the fallacies being spread to
IF!
DEMAND FOR NEW
m STAMPS IS
BEYOND SUPPLY
Frantic Calls Arc Received
in Washington from Col
lectors Telling of Crowds
Besieging Them and De
manding to Be Supplied
RELIEF IS GIVEN
BY COMMISSIONER
Directs That All Business
Where Stamps Are Un
obtainable Be Dated No
vember :0 and Record
Kept for Cancellation
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 1. Fran
tic calls from collectors telling of
crowds besieging them and demanding
stamps resulted in a telegram from
Commissioner Osborn to all collectors
saying:
"Date nil special tax returns Novem
ber 30, until you are able to handle ap
plications promptly, unless you have
information that no effort was made to
file applications prior to that date. If
unable to supply the demands for doc
umentary stamps for bills of lading
permit shipments to go forward, keep
a record and cancel stamps later. No
tify the railroads."
The bureau of printing and engrav
ing has been working night and day to
turn out stamps, shipping them out by
the ton, but the collectors in some
places selling large supplies to the first
applicants, soon ran short.
Face Police Reserves
NEW YORK, Dec. 1. Police re
serves were needed this afternoon to
restrain the crowds which besieged the
United Slates internal revenue offices
here in attempts to buy th e new war
tax stamps. A solid line of would-be
purchasers extended for blocks, grow
ing Increasingly restive, us the hours
passed.
When the offices reopened at three
o'clock after an hour's recess to give
the Collectors an opportunity to count
the money received and send it to the
bank, so fierce a rush was made for the
stamp windows that policemen already
on duty could not cope with it. By the
efforts of the reserves the crowd was
brought to order again, and the sale
continued until all who remained in
line had obtained stamps.
At the offices in the customs houses
a similar crowd struggled, although
not so boisterously, to obtain stamps.
As a result of an appeal to the treas
ury department at Washington, two re
lief branch offices were opened nearby
and were immediately swamped by the
rush.
As a further measure of relief Col
lector Anderson announced the pen
alties would not be strictly enforced
if the law was not absolutely obeyed
the first day.
The greatest rush was in connec
tion with bills of ladings and railroad
and steamship offices Were on the
verge of complete blockade through
inability to obtain the stamps.
No Rush Here
The new revenue law went into ef
fect very quietly in Phoenix. Collector
Carpenter had the situation sized up in
advance, so he began issuing stamps on
(Continued on Page Four)
the detriment of real public health
work, Dr. Chapin cited what he called
the "old heresy about the all-importance
of dirt in the causation of dis
ease." He said that it is doubtless true
that whatever encourages cleanliness
tends to discourage the habits which
favor infection, but he believed that
"to fight all kinds of dirt Instead of
limiting attacks to dangerous dirt is
misleading and futile."
Dr. Chapin especially criticised much
of the publicity on the relation of air
to disease. He stated that the old the
ory of exhaled poisons had been de
molished: that germs rarely floated in
the air; that we are still in profound
Ignorance as to, the relation of humi
dity to disease; that most of the sup
posed effects of foul, unventilated
rooms have been shown to be due to
temperature and odors.
"Food adulteration, except in a few
Instances," he said "is an economic,
not a health problem. As to partially
decayed foods we know nothing about
their relation to health. The clean
handling of foods is most desirable
from a sanitary standpoint but real
cleanliness is most difficult of attain
ment Much that appears is carelessly
written and the emphasis is placed on
the wrong thing, as when dust absorbs
nil the attention and nothing is said
about dirty bands."
SMS Dim IS
C S .
These Rulers
. . - . - " s r'v :' "v
(Left) Czar Nicholas of Russi?;
King George of England.
I
1
Not More Than Six Execu
tions to Take Place
cemlter v), nun 1 hose
Will Be Private Black
Hand Threatens Hunt
There will be no "Roman holiday"
at Florence on Dec. W or at ary
ether time.
Not more than six men will be ex
ecuted this month, and any execu
tions that take place will be .1.1.1
i:i private. No scaffold will be
erected in the prison yard and no
special equipment designed to facili
tate the execution of a number of
men at one time will be installed.
These facts became known yes
terday afternoon after the board of
control had considered and acted on
two communications from Warden
Sims of the state prison relative to
the approaching executions. The first
as ii proposal to erect a scaffold in
the. prison yard and hang all the
condemned men at one time. The
second related to a communication
from a man in Wyoming, who was
anxious to install a special trap that
would be sprung by a time arrange
ment set off by the men themselves,
and which would, hang them all in
the same instant. The board, which
is composed of Governor Hunt, Au- 1
riitor Callaghan and Charles R. Os
burn, citizen member, voted to make
no special preparations, but to use
the existing trap at the prison for
any executions that may be held.
Five of the eleven men whose re
prieves expire Dec. 19 will not be
executed on that date because their
cases are pending in supreme court,
or will be filed before that date. Four
of these, Talley, Kermeen. Tomlin
and Leonard are automatically grant
ed stays of execution until their
cases are decided by the higher tri
bunal. The case of Francisco Garcia,
while not yet officially reported '.o
Governor Hunt as filed in supreme
court, Is said to be among those
pending. Notice of the sixty-day
stay of execution for Leonard and
Tomlin was forwarded yesterday by
Governor Hunt to Warden Sims. The
extension which was granted to en
able counsel to file briefs fn the cas?,
diites from October 31.
, Governor's Life Threatened.
The following "black hand" letter
was received yesterday by Governor
Hunt. Is is understood that the ini
tials signed to the letter stand for
"National Black Hand organization."
There is no clue to the writer of th?
letter. if3
Minneapolis, Minn. '
To Governor Hunt.
My dear sir: If you hang them 11
men on december IS you be respon-
j soble for their lifes. because 1100 ma-
Jorlty against is noting to you, an.1
I yon the man wich can cbanche
1
VOTED DOWN D
Of Nations Now
I MANY AWARDS FOR
I DISTINGUISHED SERVICE
LONDON, Dec. . "Disting
uished service" order has been
awarded fifty-nine officers of all
arms from special reserves to
guards. Thirty-nine were given
to lieutenants. The rewards were
made for such reasons as "cheer
fulness and optimism," "helping
a brigade to pull together," "con
sistent good work," and "utmost
gallantry."
Consider PkdS
Of Railroaders For
Better Conditions
ASSOCIATED PRKSS DISPATCH!
CHICAGO, Dec. 1. Ite(ucsts of
firemen and hostlers for Increased
wages, and better hours occupied the
time of the railroad arbitration board
today. The "requests" as they are
officially labelled, number IS, as do
those of the locomotive engineers.
The hoiirSj and working conditions
are virtually identical for the engine
crews and the advances asked are
proportionate to the quality of the
service rendered.
M. W. Cadle completed an analysis
of ten of the requests of the en
gineers yesterday, but " illness pre
vented his resuming today and Wal
ter Moore, compiler of statistics for
the firemen and other enginemen,
occupied the stand. Requests for two
firemen on certain heavy engines do
ing arduous duty, eliminating sur
prise tests and a provision for mak
ing known to crews the weight on
the drivers of all engines (to provide
a basis for calculating the pay of
enginemen, he said obtained on no
railroad at present. Moore said the
other requests of the firemen were
recognized on certain roads.
pynishment of thos man; lie I man:
. . . of twenty sentury umanity
but if you dont yours life be- on
danger after that da, and remeber
one for one or one for all.
Yours truly,
Commity of N. R. H. O.
Secritary J. P.
"No Extenuating Circumstances."
Governor Hunt yesterday finished
reviewing the cases of the six men
whose reprieves expire December 1?
and who will b executed on that date
unless their sentences are commuted
or a stay of execution granted. "I
have gone over all the cases care
fully," said the governor, "but I
have found no extenuating circum
stances in any of them. As to scat
tering the date of their executions,
that would be merely a subterfuge.
If they are to hang, it is better to
have them all hang at once and have
it over with."
! EAT BUT DON'T PAY
JAIL SENTENCES FOLLOW
SEATTLE. Deo. 1. Twenty-nine
j prisoners charged with eating
meals at restaurants and refusing
I to pay their bills were sentenced in
police court to fifteen days each in
the city stockade at hard labor.
S7
AtThe Front
V A JVZtPVfKl
DIPE OLD AGE
Leading U. S. Naval Offi-
.. i'..:i l M.,.. m.
ccr, triier tuu vmsc u
server of European War,
Succumbs to an Attack of
Heart Failure.
Tasfociated press dispatch
WASHINGTON, Dec. J. Rear-Admiral
Alfred T. Mahan, retired, ac
claimed in naval circles aa "the
greatest modern writer of nav il
strategy," died in the naval hospital
aged 74 years. Death ns due to
heart trouble. The admiral had been
in feeble health for several weeks,
but was not generally known to be
ill a critical condition.
Admiral Mahan had greatly over
taxed his strength in the study of
the present great Kuropean conflict,
and it is thought the many long
hours he devoted to following tile
naval operations of the belligernts
probably causd the breakdown which
hastened bis end. In the eavly
stages of the present European war
Mahan, whose works are naval text
1 oolis known almost the world over.
discussed for the newspapers the sig
nificance of- various naval maneuvers.
He stave up these activities when th!
1 resident issued the proclamation ex
horting navy and army officers to
desist from anything resembling par
tisan discussion of the conflict in
order that the position of the I'nited
States might be one of strict neutral
ity. He. however, did not relax his
close observation of all that went on
in Europe.
Admiral Mahan came to Wash
ington from his home in Quoqu.
Long Island, early in the autumn,
and planned to spend the winter in
Washington. Surviving him are, his
widow, two daughters. Misses Helen
and Ellen, and one son. L. E. Ma
han. Commodore Dennis Mahan of
(Continued From Page Four)
1 1
S 1
Future Of Progressive Party
May Be Decided Today
ASSOCIATED TRESS DISPATCH
CHICAGO, Dec. 1. The future of
the progressive party may be decided
at the meeting of the national ex
ecutive committee of that party here
tomorrows Discussion of, but not de
termination on amalgamation with
the democratic or republican party is
believed by many to be the probable
program. Others believe the com
mittee may continue the party an
other year before taking definite ac
tion for the 1916 presidential jcam
paign. '
George W. Perkins, chairman of the
executive committee,, said that no
RIVAL AillES
FACING ATTACK
ON TIA JltANA
Forces of Avilez and Cantu
at Bay in Lower Califor
nia Following Quarrel
Between Prefect and Mili
tary Commander
HOSTAGES HELD
OX BOTH SIDES
Four Villa Soldiers Cap
tured by Governor ?s
Troops Among Those to
Be Shot at Sunrise More
Casualties at Naco
associated press dispatch
TIA JUAXA, Mexico, Dec. 1.
With six hostages held In both camps
under sentence of death at sunrise,
the armies of Governor Avilez of
Lower California and General Cantu,
military chief of the northern dis
trict of the state, lie just outside this
town tonight, each waiting for the
other to make the first move. Ac
cording to latest reports, Major Miguel
Santa Cruz, commanding the Avilez
forces, which hope to capture the
town from the Cantu garrison, plans
to begin an attack at dawn tomor
row. The first demands for the surrender
of Tia Juana were received at 11
o'clock this morning when. Lieutenant
Guerra, formerly prefect at Mexicali,
was sent by Santa Cruz to call upon
the defenders to give up their arms
before 3 o'clock in the afternoon.
Guerra, who approached the Tia
Juana barracks bearing a white flag,
was immediately seized by Mendieta,
commander of the garrison, who de
clared that the prisoner would be
put to death within eighteen hours.
On hearing of Guerra's capture, Santa
Cruz announced that five alleged
Villa officers, whom he seized at En
senada, would also be executed.
The present outbreak in Lower
California is the result of a quarrel
between Balthazar Avilez, governor of
Lower California, and General Cantu,
commander of the northern military
district, with headquarters at Mexi
cali. Two weeks ago Avilez, who
held office by virtue of an appointment
from Villa, selected Lieutenant Guerra
of Ensenada to be prefect at Mexicali.
Guerra and Cantu quarrelled and the
commander of the northern district
compelled the prefect to leave. Avilez
then went to Mexicali and ordered
Cantu to allow' Guerra's return, but the
officer refused.
Last Sunday afternoon Santa Cruz
and Avilez left Ensenada with a body
of 300 troops to attack Tia Juana, the
plan being to drive Cantu and his fac
tion out of the northern part of the
state. With them they took four Villa
officers from the Ensenada garsiron,
who are charged with revolting against
the governor. Early this morning word
was brought to Tia Juana by automo
bile of the advance of the Alilez troops
and the garrison immediately made
preparations for defense. A few hours
later the attacking force appeared on
the hills above the town and the de
mand for surrender was sent to the
commander of the garrison.
More Border Casualties
NACO, Dec. 1. Stray bullets from
the siege of Naco, Sonora, wounded two
more on the American side making a
total of 43 dead and wounded during
the two months siege. Mrs. Rowe,
negress, wife of a United States troop
er, was shot in the leg at her home, and
Jesus Enriquez was wounded in the
head.
Reports from Maytorena camp of the
Villa forces who are besieging Hill's
Carranza troops say that Col. C. A. P.
Hatfield, commanding the American
border patrol, continues to notify May
toreno that further shooting across the
border will "not be tolerated."
Reyenesa l Attacked
SAN ANTONIO, Texas. Dec. 1 An
attack by an, expedition from the
I'nited States side on the Mexican
town of Reyenesa, garrisoned by
about 150 Carranza troops, is declar
ed by Coi. Gonzales to he a ruso to
(Continued on Page Two)
statement of future action will be
made by any one authorized. A
boom for Hiram W. Johnson, govern
or of California, for president in 191B
is fostered by the Indiana progressive
delegate. The transfer of the na
tional headquarters from New York
to Chicago may be considered.
HENEY'S EXPENSES
WASHINGTON, Dec. 1. Francis J.
Heney, progressive candidate for
United States senator in California,
filed his final expense account today
showing contributions of $12,505 and
expenditures of ?250,

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