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io ruxn gnnnnnnniVinnfiriniVirtnnr nrinniinnriri'inr "i- -.-- "i" i ii-ro finnnjLgrururin. HOW PETROLEUM FORMS - A FRENCH EXPLANATION 5,000,000 MOTOR CARS, NEEDED FOR FARMS THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 3, 1914. FREE O AO flW 1 n 1 "Ol I rv 1 1 f 1 1 11 f frti fril fa foUrtl f W fcO VC ftl ol fo FREE FREE We will give $25.00 in gold as a Xmas present to anyone in Phoenix who can furnish better cooking than we do. And remember, you can board with us for less than $1.00 a day. New Palace Cafeteria 128 and 130 W. Adams St. Why There Should Be Great Deposit In Tonto Basin Region. inirii.-ii-.-i-ii-.-i-i-i i - PHOENIX PROSPERITY CLUB MEETS N Business and Professional Men Quick to Align Them selves With Movement to . Spread Gospel of Smiles and Sunshine Roust for Phoenix. The idea of a Phoenix Prosperity club as suggested by The Republican a couple of clays ago, has immediately caught on and numbers of the business and professional men of the city are en rolling themselves in the organization the only obligation of which is to smile, tell your friends what a great place this is to live, spread the gospel of sun shine and roses through the winter, and thus elevate the tone of the community in which you live. There is not a day passes but that something transpires to show the folks back in the wintry and sleet driven ast what a superior place the Salt Stiver valley is. Here the sun shines almost perpetually, and through the winter months, that is those that are counted winter anywhere else, the air is balmy as a spring day, and the sun shines with invigorating warmth one one of the finest spots in all the uorbj. More people ought to know what a great place Phoenix is. You Mr. and Mrs. Phoenician can assist in this work by boosting for the community al ways. Tell the folks back east about it. Send them some of Arizona's beauty roses and let them know they grow out side here even in winter. Since the last boost story appeared in the paper there have been several things brought to the attention of Phoenix that speak well for the town, and give evidence of the fact that Phoenix is, and is going to be better. A few days ago passers by on Wash ington street at the corner of Center were obliged to go into the street to pass a corner where the buildings were recently destroyed by fire. Yesterday the work of rebuilding was begun and gangs of men were at the task of clear ing away the debris to allow the build ers opportunity to put a fine looking business block on the corner that is often regarded as the busiest in the city. A glance at the story of the increase in postoffice receipts for the month of November over that of November a year ago, gives food for thought as to the condition of the city. No com munity that is not going ahead can shw any such remarkable growth. The orange and grape fruit crop of the Salt River valley will this year again carry to the east and north the story of what can be done in the way of pen'ett fruit under the stniling skies of this section. Last year Arizona's best oranges biought phenomenal pric es in all markets and this year they will command prices just as exhorbi tant because they are the best fruit of the kind raised in the United States. The mountains to the east and north of the Salt River valley aTe now cov ered with a blanket of snow giving promise of much water in the great Roo.-ievelt reservoir next year for the farmers and with the water will come again giant crops. There is more water now back of the storage dam than there was last year at this time and the promise is rosy that the spring will see much more water than ever before in the great water bank. All this will give the farmers a smile, and the smile will be communicated to the people of the valley and this city. The idea that the future is full of good things for Phoenix and the valley must spread for the facts show there are no better places than this in which to make the home for the future. Pill out the coup'n that is in another part of this paper, send it into the Re publican and enroll yourself as a "Smil ing Rooster for Phoenix and Pros perity." The following interesting article on petroleum, translated for the Lit- lerary Digest, published November 14, is of much importance to the people who are now opening up an oil field in the Tonto Basin at Roosevelt, says the Arizona Record. , "ORIGIN Of PETRI ILEL'M The long-vexed question of the origin of deposits of petroleum seems to be settled by the investigations of Mr. Jean Chautard, the result of which was recently presented to the French Academy of Science. According to Mr. Chautard extensive research in different parts of the globe proves that petroleum-bearing rocks never have characteristics denoting an ig neous origin. They are always sedi mentary rocks and, which indicate alternations of marine and lagunary j conditions. Such alternations are, of I course, the sign of intermittent re gressions of the waters covering them. ! " 'This enables us," says the Rib jliotheque Universelle (Lausanne, Au igust), 'to form an idea of the con ditions favoring the formation of pe ttroleum. At the lagunary periods I there was an accumulation of organic 'debris, the remains of animals and (vegetables which had either lived and idied there or had been brought thith ler. "The marine recurrences brought ' impermeable sediments w hich covered ithis debris and protected it from oxl- petroleums are of organc origin and not mineral." Regarding the foregoing, Col. James A. Fleming, who has been in the oil business practically all of his life, said: "This seems to follow closely on the statements of the United States Geological report of the conditions !at Roosevelt which they say is a 'sedimentary formation ' intermixed I with fossls or marine matter such as ' fish bones and other fish life decay. I (A laguna is a shallow lake or arm !of shallow still water putting out j from tht sea.) Take it all in all. 'the pot holes or Tonto Liasin should ! be an ideal place to drill for petrole jum, first, having been selected by i practical oil men from oil sand and ! oil showing without knowing anything of geology or geologcal reasons for jsuch showing, second, descriptions by geologists, third, by such scientific I study and research as this." j Work is progressing steadily, by the i way, in the Tonto Rasin region and I additional encouragement is being j constantly given. There has been a development of gas of sufficient vol ume, if it could be applied, to run i the machinery. GERMAN TRAMS MOBBED ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH VALPARAISO, Dec. 2. Small riots broke out las! night as a result of tfie German Electric Tram company in creasing its tariff rates. Only slight damage was done. PASADENA DOCTOR TRAPPED BY FLAMES i I Knglish billiards is taking bold of American players, particularly in Chicago and New York. PASADENA, Dec. 2. Trapped I on the top floor of his home when I 1 he attempted to extinguish the flames there, Dr. E. K. Benson was burned to death. His wife, who tried to save him, was severely burned about the hands and face, Mr. and Mrs. J. V. Wren, neigh bors, and two firemen were also seriously burned. The fire started from a ga:; stove in the kitchen and crept up the partitions to the second floor, where Benson discov ered it. His body was discovered under a couch where he evidently had taken refuge from the smoke and flames. The house was par tially destroyed. Coffee and the Cop A booklet, "How to Keep "Well," prepar ed under the eye of the Police Surgeon and the Health Commissioner, and distributed to the New York Policemen the finest police extant among other suggestions, says: "Strong Coffee and Tea are Always Harmful" Coffee and tea both contain the drugs, caffeine and tan nin, which often cause headache, biliousness, heart flut ter, sleeplessness, and other ills. New York Doesn't Want Nervous, Debilitated Policemen If you value your own health and power to "do things," suppose you quit tea and coffee, and try the famous pure food-drink. POSTUM Made only of prime wheat and a bit of wholesome molassses, Postum is free from drugs, or any harmful substanse. . ' There's fine flavour, genuine nourishment and health in a steaming cup of well-made Postum. "THERE'S A REASON" I4 1 "" --.MSl I HI 'X -1 - J Glance at Agricultural Market Shows That Possibilities Are Hardly Scratched. Nearly one and a half million auto mobiles have been sold in the United States since 1902 when the business may be said really to have begun. The number of these machines that have gone to the scrap heap, is as yet negligible for commercial reckoning. The oldest is only twelve or thirteen years old. Everyone has seen the quaint old timers in daily service. These facts cause many to wonder where the hundreds of thousands of automobiles manufactured each year will go. They figure that there is now one automobile to each seventy or eighty people in the country. How many possible purchasers remain to be supplied? Without taking into account the scrapping of old machines, which must soon become a real factor, it may be said that stupendous as the business is, the possibilities have not been much more than "scratched." Not quite 50 per cent of the auto mobiles in use are owned by farm ers and to the farmer the automo bile is far more $l utility than a luxury. It has become a real farm necessity, so recognized by all the farm press. - There are in the United States ac cording to the census of 1910, six million three hundred and sixty-one thousand, five hundred and two farms, with a total value of forty billion nine hundred and ninety-one million, four hundred and forty-nine thousand, and nintcy dollars an average value per farm of six thousand, four hun dred mid forty-four dollars. A supply averaging one automobile to a farm s a long way in the fu ture but the demand is not lncon- eivable. Some day, without a doubt. it will be approximated and when it comes it will represent a degree of progress and efficiency as far ahead of the present as the supply of that way will be ahead v of the present supply. Thus far the supply is only about 10 per cent. The manufacturers would have to produce over five mil lion more cars to fill the farm mar ket alone. And there is yet the city demand to be taken care of. These are undoubtedly some of the facts that led President William Llv- ingtsone of the Dime Savings Bank Detroit, to speak so enthusastically of the liberal support the bunks are giv- ng the automobile dealers especially n the small towns where the dealers do a large part of their business with farmers. Commodore Livingstone said in his Idress before the Amercan Bank ers' Association: . As the greatest number of cars are sold during seven months of the vear. makers and dealers have been orrowers, and it is a matter of r re nd and congratulation that in foster ing this growing industry bankers of this country have played a most im portant part with practically no loss. Discerning bankers in the past few years especially have appreciated the stability of the industry and the stand ing of the men in charge, and have co-operated to a marked degree, in establishing the business on Its pres ent high place. o- ANOTHER SPLIT (Continued From Page One) ' to which official hitherto have been subjected. From Monterey and Tam pico, held by Carranza officials, brief advices were received from the Am erican consuls saying the conditions are quiet and business normal. (Continued From Page One) hibited a woman. Miss Jane Addami, of Chicago, was the woman member of the committee. In a dispatch dealing with the evacuation of Belgrade, and its oc cupation by the Austrians, the Daily Telegraph's Athens' correspondent says: "As a result of Servian con centration on the new defensive line, Belgrade became isolated and, being ill-prepared to stand a siege, was evacuated on Monday nght." mm Allies' Front Bombarded. PARIS, Dec. 2. Night official: "In Belgium a violent bombardment from Lampernisz to the west of Dlxmude has taken place. In the Argonne region the enemy has been blown up by a mine salient to the northwest of the forst of La Grurio. On the whole we affirm we are developing our progress on that front. In Al sace our troops have taken the towns of Aspach-Le-Haut and Aspach-Le-Bas, to the southwest of Thann. On the rest of the front there is noth ing to report." Russia Reports Lull. PETROGRAD. Dec. 2. General headquarters night official: "Tuesday there was a relative lull on all the fronts. In the region of Lowicz ac tion continued, but with less inten sity. Towards midnight the enemy, marching in compact columns, made a fierce attack against our positions to the north of Lodz, but were repulsed." REPORT DE WET CAPTURED associated press dispatch LONDON, Dec. 3. (Thursday) Gen eral De Wet, leader of the rebellion in the Union of South Africa, has been captured, according to a Pretoria dis patch to Reuters. Not only of paramount importance, but of superior quality, merit and value. Blankets of Peruvian cotton, cotton and wool and all wool the. products of the best mills in the country. .Beautiful Blankets and Robes from the Oregon AVoolcn Mills; Blankets from the Cam bria Mills. Comforts of Down, fleecy, white carded cotton, covered with silkaline, silk', satiue and challies All at this special sale price Discount or Coverings Small Door Mats of "Wilton and Axminster; Floor lings of "Wilton, Smith's Axminster, Tapestry, Log Cabin and Ingrain. Bugs that are 'all bright new merchandise, in plain col ors; oriental effects and conventional designs. No reserve. 0 TV mm MB - Women's Sweater Coats An assortment of warm Sweater Coats for cold' weather wear. The classy Norfolk, the swagger shawl collars, the ever-ready ruff-necks and the new double-breasted models. These are the finest of worsteds and botany wool, in Oxford grey, cardi nal, maroon and white; all sizes in the lot. Your choice , rf . a One-Half Price Outing Flannel Gowns Clowns of comfort and service, made from tlie best quality of Anioskcag outing flannels; every garment cut generously full and long, in both hiijh neck style and Dutch neck models; regular and out-size. Extra special at ' y REGULAR $1.00 GOWNS 79c REGULAR .'1.25 GOWNS ..98c REGULAR GOWNS 1.19 REGULAR 2.00 GOWNS. $1.59 m urn CAN AMEU BUILD CRAFT FOR BELLIGERENTS? of arms, ammunition, horses, motor I laws of the I'nited States, it is a truc ks, shells and even large guns is I misdemeanor to fit out and arm any not prohibited by the laws of the American government, and a neutral I vessel, if it is to be employed in the service ef ;tny nation w Ith which this country is at peace. Unique Question Is Raised Involving Activities of Schwab's Company. Barney Dreyfusa is well again, and pfter the league meet will golf for pis Jiealtb, ip the south, t ASSOCIATED press dispatch WASHINGTON', Dec. 2. Formal in quiry was made by the I'nited States government ot . the Bethlehem Steel company to learn If the firm intended the com.Iruction of submarines for the use of -the belligerent powers of Europe. Charles M. Schwab, president of the company, and other officials of the concern, in response to an in vitation of the state department, ex plained orally their position, and agreed to submit it in writing in a few days. In the meantime, neither they nor the state department offi cials would disclose the extent of the company's activities. The question under consideration is how American firms may go in for the manufacture of materials for use in the construction of wax craft with out violating the neutrality of the United States. Although the export country is obligated by international law to prevent their shipments, a I different attitude is assumed in law j , AIRMAN PLUNGES TO DEATH hm'tril hnilHinp- or ecminntntr n for- I jeign warship on neutral territory. Attempts to Loop the Loop Preves According to high officials, the! Fatel to California Aviator point which will decide the position i of the Washington government will lie the determination of the stage at which materials to be used In the i building of ..a, vessel may be deliv ered to U". belligerent. : They would not comment -on where .the line of .demarcation would be fixed. It was generally believed, however, that the shipment at one time of all the parts j accicfcnt. associated preps dispatch LOS ANGELES. Dec. 2. While at tempting to loop the loop at an altitudo of 2.00(1 feet in a monoplane at Venice, Thomas J. Hill, plunged to death. The aviator's body was crushed beneath the machine as it struck the ground. A broken wing is said to have caused the of a vessel, even though in separate cargoes, probably would be disap proved by the Washington government. On the other hand, the shipment Hill was instructor, at the aviation school. The plunge was viewed by thousands at the beach, who had been watching the flight. He had made the loop and was righting the machine of certain parts as soon as manu- I when suddenly it dived to the earth. factured, out of which ultimately the ! Just before the flight, Hill said he belligerents could construct submar- wanted to be the first man in America ines abroad, it is thought would be regarded as purely a commercial transaction, not dissimilar to the ex- Iport of other war materials which lare subject to seizure as absoulte con traband on the high seas. to accomplish the feat, as it had always been done in a bi-plane before. The 71 -year-old walker, Dan O'Leary, won another race at Whit- Under the irig. 111., last week. ATTENTION! Everv department in this large store is going to give you a SPECIAL PRICE on nearly any article you 'may need within the next few days in order to stimulate early Christmas shopping. Come inland see the many, many ex ceptional values we are offering. There is sure to be something yfuwiH need either for yourself or for a present to someone else. Dorris-Heyman Furniture Co. SPECIAL DISCOUNT FOR CASH ONLY. WATCH OUR WINDOWS.