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SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL SESSION AMERICAN MINING CONGRESS, PHOENIX, DEC. 7-8-9-IO-:
THE ARIZONA. REPUBLICAN AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 8 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 4, 3911. 7a 8 PAGES VOL. XXV. NO. 193 GUTIERREZ AHD VILLA ARE NOW IN DO CITY Provisional President of the Southern Republic and Military Chief Jieach Cap ital and Send Officers to Confer With Zapata BAREFOOTED MEN PATROL STREETS Army of the North is En camped in the Suburbs No Further .Molestation of Foreigners, and Order is Being Maintained ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON', Dee. 3. Provision al President Gutierrez anil General Villa ale in Mexico City, and sev eral of their military chiefs have one to C'uernavaoa to discuss with Zapata and his officers the distribu tion of the forces in the capital and vicinity. This was reported in of ficial dispatches to the state de partment, which stated the conditions in Mexico City are quiet. "Zapata soldiers, very meagcrly (lad anil some barefooted, patrol the city," said the announcement of tut- rtato department, summarizing iflicial messages daled late th last Light. The army of the north is en camped in the suburbs, and no fur ther molestation of foreigners has occurred, fair order being maintained. Thus far there has been no fric tion. On Wednesday morning Spe cial Agent George C'arothers and t:ome northern chiefs proceeded in automobile to Cuernavaca. It is re ported the matter of the entry of northern forces and an understand ing with them is to be determined.. "Orders have been issued by Villa with reference to the occupation of private property on the entry of the troops. It is statd that private prop erty will not be occupied without the consent of the owners having previ insly being given." While the Mexican railroad east from Mexico City suffered some damage at the hands of CurrnnzSstns, official dispatches say the British owned railway system has been left intact and restored to the company's management. The state department is informed that Carranza and Genera! Candido Aguilar went to Jalapa three days ago on an inspection trip. Railroad and telegraphic communi cation between Saltillo and Monter ey and between Laredo and Saltillo is in good order, according to con sular advices. Conditions in Mon terey are normal. Communication with Tampico by rail and telegraph continues. In the Capital EL PASO, Dec 3. Villa agency ad vices here say that Provisional Presi dent Gutierrez and General Villa have entered the capital section of Mexico City. Their reception i.s declared to have b?en "encouraging." The Carranza consulate here received a report from Naco savin? that the Carranza leader General Ramon Itur bide has captured Guaymas on the west coast. It is also reported that Ilermo Mllo, the capital of Sonora is being at tacked. Other reports of the Guaymas attack have been received from V( ra Cruz. From the east coast it is reported through Carranza source.1: that General Cabailero's forces routed a group of Villa troops which was idvancing on the town of Panuco. Villa factions claim CabaHero as an oily. Vera Criif reports the Zapata troops which last week cut the communication (Continued on Pago Seven) Business Men Will Sell Papers For Xmas Cheer Business men of Phoenix will sell pa pers for charity on the Saturday before Christmas, and thus obtain more money for the demonstrations of the Christ mas spirit that are always so promin ent in Phoenix. This was decided yes terday at a meeting of a few of the boosters of the idea and an organiza tion was perfected that- will go ahead nnd make the plans sufficiently air tight and at the same time attractive ns to make the affair a success from the very beginning. The idea as explained by Dr. W. C. Gillespie, who was elected chairman of the movement, is to get the prominent men and business hustlers of the city to go to work on that Saturday morn ing and sell copies of the Arizona Re publican to ail and sundry getting any amount the passer by will give for the paper and then turning that money into a general fund that will be dis tributed in a manner to bring the most good to the greatest number. In order not to -conflict with the newsboys, they will be taken care of, RUSSIANS HAMMER AT GATES OF CRACOW AND FALL SEEMS IMMINENT With Lull in Rattle in the West and Advance of the Czar's Troops,. Interest is Now Centered in Strug gle in Poland ARE MOUNTING HEAVY BATTERIES Capture of Cracow Would lj.y Open to the Russians the Roads to Vienna, Breslau and the City of Berlin ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Dec. 4, (Friday) A Petrograd dispatch to the Morn ing Post says: "The news that the Russian troops have taken Wieliczka, which is only three miles from the outer fortifications of Cracow, seems to indicate there is something wrong with the de fenses of that fortress, as Wiel iczka should be well within the range of the minor armaments of the first class forts. Forty prisoners, among others taken by the Cossacks at Czenstochowa, were found to be women in sol diers' uniforms." LONDON, Dec. 3 With a lull in the battle in the west which had as sumed the proportions of a heavy cannonade at widely separated points and with only occasional infantry attacks, . interest is now . centered al most entirely in the struggle in Po land. At last the Russians have ap proached within firing distance of Cracow, their steady advance from Przeniysl having proceeded without any real check. They are reported today to be mounting heavy batteries around the town of Wieliczka, which they occu pied yesterday and from which the outer forts of Cracow can be reached. Important as is this for the fall of Cracow would lay open the roads to Vienna, Bieslau and Merlin the main interest in the east continues to rest with the operations on the irregular front from Czenstochowa, through Lodz and Lowicz to the east Prussian border. Official pronouncements as to the progress here are guarded and indefinite and it is thus difficult to arrive at a conclusion with regard to the course of events. It is apparent, however, a new bat tle has developed to the southwest of Lodz, where the Germans have formed a new line with fresh forces brought from Kalisz, and are again trying to penetrate the Russian cen ter. The Russians, ton, have had time to straighten out their line and !in the eyes of the allies another bat tle following so closely that just concluded in this region must help them in the long run, for It Is argued that win or lose, the Germans must be further weakened, and in addition will soon have to turn their attention to the Russian offensive against Silesia, around Cracow. On the other hand, German experts believe the defeat of the Russians would enable the German generals to unite all their forces for another blow against the allies in the west. French Take Lesmonilo PARIS, Dec. 3. A night official statement says: "The only interesting news related to our right wing and to the day of December 2, when on the right bank of the River Mo'sello we captured Lesmonilo. In the Vosges our troops captured Tete- Du Faux, to the south of the village Bonhomo. which do minates the range of hills forming the frontier and which has served as an observatory for the Germans. 1 In Alsace, the station of Burnhnup 'has been occupied and we have (Continued on Page Three) and re Imbursed for the number of papers they would sell under ordinary conditions on that day. Thev do not have to work, all they do is to get money on that Saturday for not work- I ing.. All the corner newsdealers will be taken care of in the same way. The Arizona Republican will donate the three thousand papers that will be sold and the business men will give the ser vices to sell the papers both downtown and In the residence district. Already numbers have volunteered for service. The meeting yesterday was very en thusiastic evoryone catching onto the Idea at once and approving of it. In addition to Dr. Gillespie as chairman, an executive committee composed of I. H. S. Huggett, Rev. AV. J. Sims, R. F. Garnett, F. H. Sears, V. O. Walling ford, secretary; and Dave Goldberg, treasurer, were selected. Another meet ing will be held today to further the plans to make the movement a success. Phoenix ought to raise $1000 at least for the poor at the Chrlstmastide by that means alone. It is the spirit of Christmas push it along. RUSSIA BUYS TANKS FOR PONTOON BRIDGES I NE WYOItK. Dec. 3. The j Russian governrent has, pur - chased 50, (Mill fifty-five gallon j air-tight steel tanks here at a j cost of a quarter of a million dollars for building pontoon j bridges. The first shipment will j be made on Saturday and the I balance according to the contract will be shipped by January 15. 10 LIFE Dr. Charles S. Slade in Ad dress Before American Public Health Associa tion Points to New York's Health Safeguards ASSOCIATED PRESS DISFATCH JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Dec. 3. Several years would be added to the life of the average individual if Lie plan now followed by the New York City Department of Health in safe guarding the health of his employes should bo extended to the community at large, in tha opinion or Dr. Chas. S. Slade of that department. In an address before the American Public Health Association her 3 to day Dr. Slade gave an analysis of seven hundred medical examihdtli ns if Department of Health employes. AVERAGE .'howing that inure than 40 per cnt;nng w,th the Nevada and the Okla . i'a i eaai or ueiccis 01 windings weie mission until pbout the end 01 next not awuie. year. Their long mnge is obtained "More than 25 per cent of the en- 1V an increased length over the ex tire number showed the early bigns ' jst ins types. o disease of their digestive organs, j far ., the ordnance bureau can heart, blood vessels or kidneys," sai l j aS(.ertain these torpedoes have as Dr. Slade. "The majority of these diseases can be arrested if dettcted early. "While the general death nte in those under 40 years of age is Oimin- ishing, that between 40 and BO is in creasing from the diseases men tioned. Universal medical examina tions would, therefore, tend to .ower the death rate during the moet effi cient years of human life." Over-heating caused by a badly ventilated room has a more -harmful effect upon the human body than the chemical poisons in the air, accord ing to the report of the first yen's vork of !thc New York State Com mission on Ventilation, read before the association today by Prof, c . K. A. Winslow, chairman of the coin mission. The New York State Commission has fitted up an experimental room in the college of the city of New York, where it is possible to main lain any desired air condition. Over i ne hundred subjects have been kept in this room for various periods dur ing the past year. When the experimental roim of the vew xork commission was warm, the investigators found that the pulse Jnd body temperature and blood pressure of the subject was marked ly affected, and that, although they could do physical and mental work if they tried, if they had a choice they would accomplish much less than at f. lower temperature. Physical work (Continued on Page Three) Col. Swinton In Report Says Lull Comes In Battles fASBOCTATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Nov. 3. Col. E. I). Swin ton, British official eye witness with the English general staff, reviews the situation in an official statement. 'There recently has been a lull in active operations" he said. "No prog ress has been made by either side yet there hus been an important modifica tion comprising a readjustment of the part played by the British army. In the movement from River Aisne to the Relgian frontier to prolong the left flank of the French armv the British force was compelled to assume the responsibility for an extended por tion of the front. "The British held one-twelfth of the line so that the greater share of the common task of opposing the enemy fell to the French with the Belgians playing an almost vital part." Swinton says the Germans eventually gathered north of La Basse about four teen army corps nnd eight cavalry di visions making a force of about 750 n"" men with whlih to drive the allies Into the sea. In addition there is an im mensely powerful armament, the heavy siege artillery having been brought from Antwerp. NO LONG RANGE TOTtPEDOES FOB HIRIE USE Subniarine Warfare, eordin1'- to Ordnance Ac-Re- port, is of Such Charac ter Short Ranjre Missiles Are Desirable SHIPS BUILDING MAY USH THEM Fifty-eiht Long Range Torpedoes Are Designed for Use by Such Battle ships as Nevada and Ok lahoma, Now Building ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGT N, Dec. 3. What of ficials consider an exaggeration of the admitted defects in the American navy's torpedo equipment was the subject of a statement by Secretary Daniels embracing a special report from Rear Admiral Strauss, chief of the bureau of ordnance. The statement that there are only fifty-eight ipng range torpedoes, made by Representative Gardner is explained by showing there are not yet any warships equipped to handle this size which are too large for sub marines. The sinking of the British warships Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue was cited as showing tiiey were torpedoed at a range of SOo yards. "The fifty-eight long range tor pedoes often mentioned as the only ones the navy possess." the ordnance report says, ".ire the twenty-one inch, twenty-one foot type and there is no ship in the American navy equip ped to use them. They wi re manu factured for new constriction begin- noma, wnicn win noi o mm uim i high or a higher range than any manufactured abroad. Long range torpedoes are neither required nor desired for submarines, sulm.'irin? warfare is of such a ehar- acter that it is advisable to use short range, high speed torjtedocs and that class is being furnished our sub marines." ENTHUSIASTIC OVER MONARCHS Meeting of Heads of Nations and Armies Reported on Battle Front ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, (Friday) Dee. 4. Such enthusiasm was aroused among al lied troops by the visit of King George to the battle front his stay in France may be extended consider ably. Wednesday, according to a dispatch to the Daily Mail, there was a meeting of the king of Great Bri tain, the King of Helgium, the presi dent of France, .eGneral Joffre, Field Marshal Kitchener, Field Marshal Sir John French and Abbe Lemalro. the mayor of Hazebrouck. The meet ing was in the region where the three allied armies are nearest together. In Your Christmas Stocking you will find contentment and happiness if you can look back upon SHOPPING EARLY. More than that, you will have added to the Christ mas joys of the clerks, de- e liverymen, etc., who have to work so much harder when folks put off their shopping until the last mo ment. 'Besides, It Pays to Shop Early PATTERSON SAYS THAT AMMONS SENT MILITIA TO AID STRIKEBREAKERS AMATEUR WIRELESS PUT OUT OF BUSINESS. I SAN FRANCISCO, Dee. 3. I From the beginning of the war j I 14u() amateur wireles stations on j I the Pacific Coast have been I closed on account of the neutral- I ity law. Commercial stations have not been bothered. Numer- ous complaints from belligerents j have not 1U to the discovery of j ! a single secret station. I THE FINANCIAL ! NlUnei'OlI.S Favorable DeVel-' . ,.... il xt r i "iiaunnuii im;ni JL UJ. Jv Stock Exchange Imparts a Greater Cheerfulness to the General Outlook lASSOOIATED l'UESS DISPATCH NEW YORK, Dec. 3 Numerous favorable developments imparted a greater cheerfulness to the general financial situation, liond trading on the stock exchange was larger and broader in the aggregate than at any time since resumption, and greater firmness was shown by the more sea soned issues. Declines In some ob scure bonds were again severe from two and one-half to almost six points. More substantial advances included the Rock Island, fours anil fives, New Haven sixes, New York Railway ad justment fives, and West Chester land Uoston four and one-half's, the 'latter recovering nine and one-half points of their mid-year spectacular I decline. atter The exchange's decision to issue daily what amounts to an official list of transactions in stocks also stimulated confidence. Several active stocks were added to the already long list of securities which were in de mand well above minimum prices. Accepting, the new high price rc orded by New York city sixes as a criterion, there was increased inquiry for almost all ciasses of short term notes. The five million Swedish gov ernment loan taken by a syndicate promised every success, the high in terest yield being attractive. There were many rumors of further loans to foreign governments by our bank ers, but these were unconfirmed. Money for shorter terms was obtain able at lower rates and call loans went at three and one half per cent. The local flow of money indicated that the" clearing house institutions have lost a considerable sum to the sub-treasury due largely to the heavy payment of war tax, and the further retirement of emergency currency. London exchange was dull and slightly easier. Additional railway returns for October showed further heavy losses in net earnings. St. Paul. t4 1-2; N. Y. C, 81; Pennsylvania, 1U4 3-4; Reading, 13it; Union Pacific, 112 3-4. OLDEST ODD FELLOW DEAD. r ASSOCIATED PltESS DISPATCH BALTIMORE, Dec. 3. Phillip Hcrzberg, reputed to be the oldest Odd Fellow in the United States, died today aged 93 years. Say Counsel Is Trying to Delay Wage Hearing ARSOCIATBO PRESS DISPATCH CHICAGO, Dec. 3 Accusation that counsel for the railroads in the arbi tration hearing between the western railroads and their enginemen here are .seeking to delay the proceedings and befog the testimony, was made bp AVarren S. Stone, counsel for the en ginemen. James M. Sheehan, the rail road's counsel made no reply. ' "I am probably the most Erdmanized and Newlandi.ed man in the United States" remarked Stone. "I am perfectly familiar with arbi trations and it seems to me we are conducting this hearing more from a legal-lawyers' standpoint than with the Idea of making basic facts appear clearly." M. V. Cad'.e, the enginemen's wage expert, concluded his testimony after three days quizzing. He was succeed ed by William S. Carter, president of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire men and Enginemen, who introduced a pamphlet attempting to prove the weight of an engine on the driving wheels is the best known method of computing the pay of locomotive crews. SITUATION IS I0IIH0K Former United States Sen ator Charges Colorado Governor Abdicated and Delegated Authority as Chief to Military Officer SAYS HABEAS CORPUS SUSPENDED Declares Arrests "Were Made Without Court Procee ings and Orders Issued Directing Enlistment of Mine Owers' "Gunmen" ASSOCIATED PrtKSS nTSPATCHl DENVER, Dec. 3. Fcrmer United States Senator Thomas Patterson, testifying before the Federal Indus trial Relations Commission, said that after Gov. Amnions called out the militia in the Colorado coal strike, the Governor changed his call from cne to proect all property, afford protection for the men at work and protect strikers who wished to re- turn t( work to one directing that !,!l0' be us,'d to protect strike-break- I v. n, .int. J 1 1 l rv tuai llir-j Uiridic tnd under the Moyer decision, famous as the authorization under which Ad jutant General Ball -controlled the state in lf04, during the strike of the Western Federation of Miners. In effect that authorization suspend ed the right of habeas corpus and made Adjutant Chase the Judiieial military arbiter in the strike dis tricts. "That decision has done more to demoralize society where these in dustrial disputes arise than any oth er agency," declared I'atterson. "I think where you put the lives of a community at the will of a mere sol dier and suspend the operations of the courts, that soldier is more than human if he does not abuse it, I think it the gravest mistake for any governor to abdicate his power as a commander-in-chief to a military of ficer." Ho said after the order to the mi litia had been changed, the troops engaged in taking strike-breakers in to the mines, arrests were made withuut court proceedings and others were arrested, among them Mother Jones, and held incommunicado on suspicion. The good feeling with which the strikers had received the militia at the time of their arrival vanished under the change in the or der and "some authority," he said, "ordered the enlistment of 'gunmen' mine guards and men under obliga tions to the operators in the militia, men who had absolutely no right in the militia in any of the states. About this time Ammons went east and violence began at Ludlow. Of that violence I know nothing. I do not believe the entire tent city was destroyed accidentally by fire. Twelve children and some women were burned I mean suffocated. They were in a pit for protection. I can not believe that any militiamen was aware of the presence of these chil dren in the pit. I want to exonerate absolutely the militia and employes of the company who filled up the two batteries engaged in the incident from any knowledge of that fact. Denver and all Colorado was horri fied by the tragedy. That afternoon I called at the headquarters of the State Federation of Labor. I found at the headquarters representatives of the unions in Denver making speeches that showed a frenzied state of mind. At the chamber of commerce I found those senate mem bers equally excited but upon the other side. It was a clear exhibition of class differences." His next meeting with the governor was after the governor's return, when he was called upon to discuss with the governor the call for an extra session of congress. The governor, he found, was absorbed in the problem of get ting funds to support the militia and measures to stay the sale of liquor in the strike district. I prepared for the legislature either the bill that was entered, sub mitting to the people a constitu tional amendment for compulsory ar nitration, or one similar to. it. "The legislature adjourned without action, although the measure was passed by the house by a large ma- Down and Outers Are Guests At A Fashionable Wedding associated pr!ss dispatch CHICAGO, Dec. 3. Instead nf the usual wedding audience of well dressed and well fed men and wom en, more than score of down and outers were occupants of pews in the Wabash Avenue Methodist Episcopal church, the invited guests of J. W. Gossard on his wedding day. Gos sard, a well-to-do manufacturer, has long been interested in helping those on whom fortune has frowned, and has counted them among his chief friends. Before the ceremony, which united him and Mrs. Sarah L. Brown, Gos- in Mine ARRESTED FOR JUMPING BOKO Carlton Hudson, Prominent Chicago Lawyer and Church Member, Wanted in New York on Charge Twenty Years Old . LEADER IN FIGHT AGAINST PACKERS With Others Had Attacked Promoters of Cotton Seed Oil Corporation in the Courts Refuses to Dis cuss Identification ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl CHICAGO, Dcr. S. Charged with forfeiting the bond on which Carlton Hudson Betts had been held in New York twenty years ago, while accused of forgery, Carlton Hudson, a wealthy attorney and for many years an active members of the Moody church, was arrested at the request of the New York police. Hudson will not discuss his identification as Betts, the bond jumper of twenty years ago. The po lice claim the identification is complete. Hudson would make no statement. Although he is reported to have pros pered 'ind taken an important part in numerous financial deals since coming here, Hudson became best known through a suit that he and others filed recently naming Swift and Armour and other Chicago packers as backers of Louis Eihle, an attorney who organized a cottonseed oil corporation. On the strength of the commercial rating given Eihle as promoter of the company, Hudson and others charged they had loaned the lawyer al most $250,000. Unable to force pay ment of the alleged loan, Hudson and others named the packers as co-defendants in the suit in hopes of recov ering from them. This suit is pending, Eihle and the packers denying the charges. Hudson was released on bond and will be given a hearing tomorrow at which a continuance will be aBked, his attorneys stated. The arrest was made on complaint of Dr. Charles Sanders, whose uncle went on Betts' bond in 1894. jority and by a small one in the senate. "I learned afterw-ard that part of the opposition to the amendment came from the labor leaders themselves, ' and I suppose the miners argued that they had the power to force their de mands, and it would be unwise to trust to the uncertainty of a com pulsory arbitration board or Jury. I think the great majority of the em ployers would be pleased with com pulsory arbitration, but the great cor porations, represented here by Os good, the Colorado Fuel & Iron com pany and the Rocky Mountain Coal company, I believe, think they could defeat attempts to secure increases in wages and changes in conditions by the wcaring-out process," Many years ago in Colorado, he said, there had been such a body as the industrial commission proposed yesterday by Governor-elect Carlson. It succeeded in averting violence in strikes, but gradually fell into disuse. In the small mining property in which he is interested, he said, union men only are employed. He found them more satisfactory. "You have advocated compulsory arbitration," began Commissioner Weinstock. "How many coal miners are there in Colorado?" "Taking the word of Osgood, there are about 14,000 to 15,000." "Suppose there was compulsory ar bitration, and 15.000 Colorado miners refused to submit to a decision of the court. How would you penalize them?" "Oh, you can't penalize them," re torted Patterson; "but this seems to me within the reach of the Btate." "You believe compulsory arbitration would be less likely to break down than the mediation board created by the New-lands act now at work upon the western railroad situation?" "With any ordinary body of men," (Continued on Page Five) 1 sard explained the presence of his unusual guests. I chose this setting," he said, "be cause these men are my friends. Seme are sadly garbed and in want, but they are my friends, whom I love." After rending from the gospel cf St. Luke, Gossard said to his guests: "Men, I am about to be married. For twenty years I have prayed God for a faithful, loving wife, and he has given her to me. Have any of you any objections?" "No," came the swift answer in chorus. A wedding feast was served the guests after the ceremony.