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THE ARIZONA. REPUBLICAN,
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 10, 1914. 10 PAGES VOL. XXV. NO. 199 TWO ARIZONA LABOR LAWS ARE ATTACKED BY DOUGLAS Third Day of Mining m UTess Urines Big Grist of Work 1 '('Solutions Now Ready to Ie Parsed Upon Todav in Final Session ADDRESSKS. ROOSTS AND ALSO KNOCKS i ( 'oinnvss Heirins to Line It self Up on Smile Imjioi't ant Questions Compul sory Arbitration Dodged. ( 'oinpensation Criticized t'oniraiy to expectation, Wait'!' 1 X'utiUis. general manager of the Phelps-Dodge interests in Arizona, made mi atlacK upon what Uie Anuti an Mining congress lias born tnli! arc the recently initiated "freak labor laws" ul this state, but confined him self tn an arraignment if the conn snrv compensation law anil the light t hour law. which are products ii t! lirst state legislature. His ad.lr. which was presented just before iv yesterday, was the feature of the siun. The eighty per cent and ai blacklist laws which he was Una hi' "lav intr far" with a Irage stii let .severely alone, lie comniendi 'il the mine inspection law another rncasiuv , he was thought to be opposing. j Reoliitii.n.s. addresses, rciiorls of : e...mf.e ,.n.1 t i.o -lei-i i. m of a lv.ar.1 of directors for lHl.i. were the bij? items of esterda's procram. The rest tinn.4 committee once oruanized. ie ceived tlie nine p;tiers submitted to it, anil proceeded to prepare things for to day's meetintr. which will be probably the most fruitful of all, in point inile expression on the huge pr f def- ' blems ' the congress is handling. Yestetdays meeting like that of Tuesday, developed not enough contention to be very in-ten-sting to anyone n,t tlirectly inter ested in the matters on hand. How ever, tlie real opinions of the delegates will begin coming to the front today, which will be the final one. on which formal business is to be transacted. In fact today's program will be so crowd ed that there is some doubt that every thing can be gotten in. Ik-side includ ing a generous lt of addresses and re ports, it will have to carry the busi ness of the other days, the final decis ion or. resolutions and the finishing up of details slipped over from the ear lier parts of the session. The addi esses made yesterday at the mining congress were boosting whether they knocked or not. For instance, V. C. Swart of Iienver. spoke on the "First Move, which he declared was up to the trained min ing man. "The trained mining man should direct, not merely advise mine ir; estmen'.s," he said. Or. James K. Talniage of rtah ad dressed tin, congress on the proper advertising of mining claims. He i traced advertising from its begir ning. and then showed the different between solid antl fake advertist (Continued on Page Ten) SAMUEL A. TAYLOR Elected to Board of Directors of Min ing Congress HELP AT ONCE, TODAY, IN VALLEY BANK REORGANIZATION I The following committee has tin: It is important that depositors of the Valley Bank,m -haige: h. b. oousherge subscribe twenty-five per cent, of their deposits to stock j S.Vh. LJlV'tmi' in the Vallev Bank Adiustment Company, unless tne;'ie. reauired amount of such promptly made, the plan of Few of the depositors, and still fewer of the large de positors, have so far refused to subscribe. They have liberally responded because they had everything to gain and nothing they could possibly lose. But it is difficult to locate all of the more than 9000 depositors. Some of them live in distant states. Letters have been sent to practically all who live in this valley. Those who may not have received notification are re minded that they have not been intentionally neglected, and they are requested to ux j.Aa.uo an uiivo uiiiw The business men of Fhoenix are also ureed to cal 1 at the Board of Trade, report in the work of the solicitation of subscriptions What is to be done must be done at once. Bii"f ( i 111 CARL SCHOLZ Re-elected President of American Congress M ine 'Scholz is Again President Of The Mining Congress Scholz of Chicago ;main heads American Mmm foiifrrcss as its ITP!lent. haviiiK been re-ekfted last 1 board of directors. Jlarvey Hay of I Wallace, l.U'ho, was lifted from third ! to first vice-president. If. S. Kein j tnerer of Xew York was chosen see I ond vice-president, and Waller Duutr- las oi ifisiiee. tniru. James K. allbreath f Oenver was making his re-elected secretary, this . tenth year in taut office. ! The executive committee is now as ! follows: Carl Hcholz, Cnarles S. i Keith of Kansas City and Walter ' Otalgias. ! Dr. James S. Douglas of New York J City was made an honorary life mem i bt r of the congress. This is the high est honor the directors can confer, and is givt n to but one man each I year. The publication .of a monthly bulle tin or magazine devoted to the pre sentation of legislative news and economical discussions was decided upon by the directors. This was the only action tiken, outside (he elec tion of the officers. Secretary Cnll breath will be-the managing editor of the publication and will select his own assistants. The magazine w published in Washington. be JUPITER IS DAMAGED. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHIXtlTON. Dec. I". In a wire less dispatch to the navy department Lieutenant Commander Kompff, com- . j mantling the big electric collier Jupi ter, announctd that his snip lias ueen damaged ill a storm off the coast and that he is prut ceiling to New York. The vessel left Philadelphia for Huston on December 4 and the wirelevs said: "Ship safe, all well. Owing lo damage from the gale, thick weather antl absetii of the Nan proceeding to lucki New lightship ork." STRONG FOR SUFFRAGE. associated trkss mspatch IIK1.KNA. Dec. 9. Woman suffrage carried Montana in the November el- ection by 3,714. according to the of- filial canvass. ARIZONA CHAPTER OF IKE Following the strong recommenda- came a hundred and fifty of them tion of the American llining Congress llad signed a petition for a charter for that a good wot Klng organization ; anr Arizona chapter, should exist in everv stale, Arizona ' rhe w"rk f organizing will be car mining men got together yesterday rwa forward and completed at a meel and 'ast night and when closing time , ln wnih h" oeen called for to- subscriptions, $200,009, is reorganization will fail, call at the office of the Board iuiA guuumjuuu, to the committee and assist NEWLY ELECTED OFFICIAL BODY President, Carl Scholz. Chicago. First Vice-President. Harvey Day of Wallace. Idaho. Second Vice-President. .M. S. Kemmertr of New York. Third Vice-President. Walter Douglas of liisbee. Secrctarv. James F. Callbreath i of Denver. Kxetntive Committee Carl i Scholz, Charles S. Keith and Wal i ter Douglas. Hoard of Directors-S. A. Tay lor of Pittsburg. Churl Scholz of ! Chicago, C. S. Keith of New York, j Walter Douglas of Ibsbee, I.. A. ; F'riedmun of .Nevada antl Faltin , Jos! in of Alaska. Showing What The Mining Congress Has Acomplished ATTITUDE OF CONGRESS No particular enthusiasm was dem onstrated yesterday in favor of com pulsory arbitration ot strikes or other differences between capital and labor. The workmen's compensation laws, if they are to be suitable for both the operator and the worker, must be very carefully framed. The congress did not express itself for or against the lav. The work of the congress must be expanded, and federal aid must be eith er directed or diverted to it from other enterprises which the government is fostering. State chapters of mining men, affili ated with the central congress are most desirable things. The United States government must take some action to aid copper market ing. Reosiution No. 1 on this subject, was passed: yesterday. i On revision of mining laws, the con gress expressed no special opinion, but it was tacitly agreed that revision is necessary, and that too much law is worse than too little. Federal control of western water power is not working out exactly to the interests of the in vestor. Speeches were made against federal leasing law, and against Arizona's la- (Continueii on Tage Three) i j I For I JAMES F. CALLBREATH Tenth Time Secretary of the Mine Conares niKiii at .o" oeiocK at the Klks' thea- ier. immediately after the mine res- cue demonstration is over, the Ari . zonlans will get together and form their organization. I lie formation of n strong work ing organization of mining men here will mean the opening of Arizona mining resources as they could not be opened In any other way," , said Assistant Secretary R. T.. Walcott of the Mining Congress, who is devot ing himself to the work. 'T would like to see it go through, and it will, for we have already interested over a hundred men in the movement. The circulators of the petitions had to turn them over and use the backs lo write names on. It is a matter which should interest many more than mining men. The passage of the amendment to the by-laws of the con i Bress nermit associate members to he le.vcrybodv in Arizona could join I predict that the Arizona chapter win I ; nuiuoer many on its runs wno are not directly and financially interested la mines, but whose business Interests are so closely allied that they c.-in't afford not to support the movement." I I CONGRESS FORMED MEXICAN FIRE 10 BE RETURNED IF CONTINUED rult'ss ( '(iiitt'iuliiiu' Fovi-i'S Do Not (Vase Firing Across IJonlcv American Artillery AVill Speedily l.'eturn 'Their Shots A15IKKT IM'X'IDKS OX DRASTIC STK PS N I AirnTOSSlYC Action i .Planned, lint Distinction is Dravn Metween Alt- jiTossive and Movements of Defensive Hoc is f ASSOCIATED rill'SS MSPATCH 1 WASIIIXCTt 'X. lVc. 9 If thej contentling Mexican forces opposite j Naoo, Arizona, do not cease firing in-j to Aini i'ic.'in territory, the three bat- teries of field artillery sent to the international line by the president and secretary Garrison will be or dered 'o return the fire. This de termination of the T.'nittd Stales gov ernment became' known tonight after a full discussion by the president and cabinet estt rday. :vo specific or der has been given as yet to Priga-dii-r Gem-rat Tascker Itliss, who was directed to proceed to Nrtt'o with field artillery, but while he is en route there the officials expect an answer to the slutrp warning given to .Mavtorena antl Hill that bullets and shells must not fall on Ameri can soil. Similar warnings were communicated to Carranza and Villa. No act of "aggression" is contem plated, as explained in a statement at the While House today, but the offi cials drew distinction between ag gresidvo and defensive action. For eleven troops of cavalry and three batteries of field artillery to cross the .Mexican line or open fire first would constitute an act of ag gression, but to remain on American soil and return the fire of the Mexi cans, in the opinion of the high offici.-il.s, would as a measure of de fense be fully justified under tlie eir cumst.ince. and not be an act of war or invasion. Although it is not generally known, Piigadier General Hugh Scott, now chief of staff of the army, when in tominand at Kl Paso a year ago, placed artillery in position along the Fiio Grande and delivered the same warning, which was heeded. It was explained at the war de partment that the range of the ar tillery ordered to Xa,-,, was from five ti, six milts. Shells could be sent over the Mexican town without injuring the residents, into the lines of the Mexican faction which insisted on firing into American tcrritorv. This i should s the plan of the officials the warning move futile The action of the Washington government constitutes precedent for the future antl was taken to mean that firing into American territory from any point along the border would meet with similar steps. Many telegrams came from Gover r.or Hunt of Arizona and residents of 'Continued on Page Two Kama Occupied By The British Who Oust Turks associated rauss dispatch! I.OXIJOX, Dec. il.-H is oifi.ialK. announced that Suchi Bey, late gov ernor of Basra in Asiatic Turkev ami I commander of the Turkish foices a, Kurna. yesterday surrendered uncon- I ditlonally with' his troops to the In-j dian expeditionary force wnich is operating at the head of the Persian gulf. Kurna was subsequently occu pied by tlie British, who have now complete control of tlie eouhtrv from the junction of the Tigris and Kn phrates rivers to the sea, the richest part of the fertile delta. The Intiian office, in describing tlie British operations in the Persian gulf, says: "A reconnaissance of the en emy's position at Kurna was made on December a by Col. G. S. I rrtzer with the llth .Maharatta light infantry. The enemy was encountered on the left bank of the Tigris, opposite Kur na. Thes -were promptly attacked and driven across the liver, losing heavily. Two guns and seventy pris oners, 'including three Turkish offi cers, were taken. Kurna was found to be strongly fortified by guns and infantry. The British finding no means of crossing the river, with drew. The following day reinforce ments were sent from Basra under Brigadier General Charles Irwin Krye. which captured Mazei-a, cleared the ieft bank of the Tigris, took three guns, three ofifeers and a hundred men. Tuesday the British erissed the river, and on Wednesday Such; Bey surrendered. The British casual ties throughout were one British offi cer killed and three wounded, forty In dians killed antl 120 wounded." it Going Up 99 BRITISH SQUADRON WREAKS VENGEANCE ON GERMAN SHIPS Russians Say No Losses ! ASSOCIATED) PUK3S MEPATI'H PKTP.OiHtAl), Jiec. :. Tilt: evacua tion by the Ilussians of laid., in Kus sian Poland, is atluiitted in a semi- official cotnniunit statement adds th: not lose a soldier i tion though Russians tlie , the did i when the position j was given ui. The communication said: "A ibrmaii oi'ficial communit says the Kusshins mu.t ha'e tion1 hiid inormous lns.si-s in the evacuation c-fl l.oilz. Tlie confidence that should be 1, laced in this communication is denccd bv the fact that the P.ussian troops withdrew from Lodz about midnight, December (1. while the Ger-I;be fi I IfS 1 E INITIATIVE ON EXTENDED LINE Sea They Have Been Aide to Regain from (ier mans Positions Lost tlie Last rew JJavs ASSOCIATED I'P.ESR niSPATCH I.i i. I K)X, Dec. !. The victory off the "alkland Islands, where the British squadron sank three German cruisers and tne success of the Intiian troops on (he Gulf of Persia, where they com pelled tlie surrender of the Turkish army, have for a moment overshad owed so far as Kngland is concerned at any rate, the larger events mi the continent , of Europe. The inking of the German cruisers materially lesst ns the menace to Brit ish shipping while the success of the Indian forces, which has given Great Britain the control of the. Persian gulf. the delta of the Tigris and Kuphrates Rivers, threatens that par t of Turkey on which the German railway builders have had eyes set for many years. With this good news for the allies comes what is considered here as a favorable French communication of the opera tions in Flanders and France. There is also a somewhat clearer view of j what is taking place along the Russo German front. The withdrawal of the German troops from the wes) to strengthen the armies in the east has enabled the al lies to resume the initiative along the front reaching from the Swiss border to the North Sea and while they have not made any marked advance they have been able, according to the offi cial announcement, to organize and consolidate the positions won in the last few tlavs. This naturally has been done without opposition from the Ger mans, who claim to have inflicted heavy losses on the French particular )v in Argonne and North Nancy. (Continued on Page Two) BY KEEPING 1 ASSOCIATKD PKESB DISPATCH) , SO.MEBVILLK. Mass., Dec. H. The assumption by congress of the author-I ity to prevent states violating by laws or lawless violence United Slates treaties will do more to prevent the possibility of war between the United Stales and other nations that increas ing he army antl navy, former Presi ded William Howard Taft declared tonight in an address before the Hep torean t bib. "The only real possibility of war I foresee is the wanton, reckless and wicked willingness on the part of a narrow section of the country to grat ify racial prejudice and class hatred by a flagrant breach of treaty rights in the form of a state law or by law less violence,' 'he said. Taft tlitl not mention any state in this connection. While tlepiecating the "mild hysteria" regarding the country's defenses, Taft admitted that parts of the army and navy should oe sirengiueneu. Me wutilo increase the army one-quarter to one-halt insure the navy enough men for the reserve vessels, and provide new a tillery chiefly for coast defense. "It is said the coast defense has artillery with range enough to r sist attacks that might be brought against them. This is true, but an attack outsitle our range is not likely to do mucn damage. However, we can have enough guns ot long ran; at a reasonable cost in a reasonable time. Our coast defenses are other CONGRESS CAN PREVENT WAD In Evacuation Of Lodzl mans remained mmionless for fiftei-i; liotirs in from of our empty trenches, the attack on which had covf them more than 1o. soltliers, unit 'ei:i which they ilarrtl atvfiiice. "t)nly at : 'clock in the afternoon diil the tbrmans move of IJooembt forwartl to verif.v that there was no- body in the trenches lacing I hem. They then entered the town. "'i- undertook this mant-uvi-r only after wi- hat1, asct rl:iin''-l Unit the i Germans definitely deei.b'i! r,ut lo con- ei-liinue attacks in this district. The ! maneuver was en tin Iv action independent of j m I he part of : j any aggressiv enemy." ! STILL GREATEST I- . Rear Admiral Fletcher, Colli- niaiider .of the Atlanta Fleet. Defends Rig Rat tleshi as Efficient Fighting Machine v.j ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, De,-. 9. -For the first time in many years the house naval committee conducted in pub lic its hearing on the naval lull, which already has assumed the na ture of a general impiiry into the efficiency and general condition of the fleets. Bear Admiral Fletcher, commander of the Atlantic fleet, in a general statement defended the dreadnaugbt as the greatest weapon of naval warfare. He said that the Kuropcan war had not demonstrated that the battleship "is less valuable in naval warfare than heretofore, nor that it is not still the main fae- tot in finally determining a conflict." Representative Butler expressed the hope that the president would take steps after the war to secure an international agreement of dis aiinameni. and said with that pur pose in mind it would lie contradic tory to continue the construction of great vessels of destruction. Fletch er, who was on the stand all day. expressed a belief of the ability of the American navy to meet success fully (he war vessels of any nation in the world except Great Britain. He said the possibility of a conflict with Great Britain was so remote that ne did not believe in a naval policy designed to control the ocean as against Kngland. Fletcher agreed that it would be a very opporlnno time after the war to bring up the disarmament ques tion, in fact, tlie best opportunity we ever had. Fletcher denied the re ports that the American ships were improperly handled by being too (Continued on Page Seven) STAIES IN LINE wise complete. We don't need a large standing army to resist an attack if we have a good navy and good coast defense, because the difficulties of transporting a large army, with our modern navy, with torpedo boat and submarines to resist, it would be in- seperahle." 1 WEAPON Two And One Half Cent Light Contract Approved The proposed contract with the Pa cific tins and Electric company, cov ering a period of four ears, in which the company agrees to furnish "juice" for street lighting purposes and for other municipal uses at a flat rate of two anil one-half cents per kilowatt hour, was approved by the city commission at a special meeting held yesterday morning. It will become effective on January, 1, 1915, and insures service at exactly one-half the cost at the present time. The entire commission was pres ent yesterday when the com ract was presented for consideration. AH' the commissioners entered a vote of ap proval, but Mayor Young, an advo cate of a municipal electric lighting plant, opposed its adoption, on the ground that the city should not tie Cireatest Naval Engagement Since That Off Heligoland Jesults in Sinking of Three; Geraian Warships and Capture of Colliers THE BRITISH CASUALTIES LIGHT Announcement of tlie En gagement and Victory Re ceived in Hundred Word Message and Brings Re joicing in London ASSOCIATE!! press dispatch ! I.ONDOX. Dee. 9. A British squa.l jron under the command of Vice Ad imiral Sturdee. chief of the war staff, engaged the German squadron under ! Admiral Von Spee off the Falkland ! Islands in the South Atlantic yester jtlay and won a victory that was ac I claimed throughout England. The j armored cruisers Scharnhorst, Gneis ienau and the protected cruiser Leip ! zig, the three German warships which have been menacing British shipping anil part of the squadron which sunk the British cruisers Dresden, Nurn berg and two other vessels of the, I German squadron, made off during itlie fight and according to latest ac- counts are being pursured. Two col- Hiers were captured. It is believed that fV of the Germans were rescued. The announcement of this engage , ment and victory, which is the most j important naval engagement of th I war, w ith the. exception of that off Helgoland last August, was made this evening in a statement from the ad jmiralty of less than a hundred words. The announcement follows: "A seven thirty in the morning on the eighth of December, the Scharn horst, Gneisenau, Nurnburg, Leipzig and Dresden, were sighted near the Falkland Islands by the Britsh squad ron under Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick Sturdee. An action followed in the course of which the Scharnhorst, fly ing the flag of Admiral Count Von Spee, the Gneisenau and the Leipzig were sunk. The Dresden and Nurn burg made off during action and aro being pursued. Two colliers were also captured. The vice admiral reports that the British casualties were very few in numbers. Some survivors were rescued from the Gneisenau and I.eip- zig. The statement making reference to some survivors from the Gneisenau and Leipzig but no mention being made of any of the crew of the Scharnhorst which was the flagship of the German admiral, being Saved, it is thus presumed that Von Spee, his officers and men went down fight ing. The British casualties were light, but beyond the fact that the British squadron was commanded by the Sturdee there was no information re gardfhg the ships engaged, and the newspapers were enjoined not to spec ulate as "other combinations may be effected." The greatest enthusiasm prevails in London over the victory and the gen eral impressirn is that it will be com pleted as the admiralty is not likely to send ships that can not overtake the Dresden and Nurnburg, which are twenty-four knot and twenty-three, knot .vessels respectively and probably even slower after long service. They are at a disadvantage also because of their small coal capcity. The Bri tish sipidron left England without the knowledge of the general public and until his name waa mentioned it was believed that Sturdee was serving in home waters. The fact that he was taken from the post of chief of the war staff is indicative of the determination of the British government to clear the Pa cific and South Atlantic, of all Ger man warships. It is believed, there fore, that the British commander is at the head of a formidable squadron. In addition to the Dresden and Nurnburg only one German warship the Karlsruhe is now unaceount (Continued on Page Seven) itself up for a greater period than one year, no matter how advanta gous such contract might appear on the face of it. Manager Alier of the Tacific Gas and Klectrio Company appeared be fore the commission to further the interest of the then proposed contract and informed the commissioners that the figure represei ted the actual cost of tne service to the company. The commission upon motion of Mr. Woods adopted a resolution that City Manager Farish award the contract for the erection of the new city cor ral to the lowest bidder, X. A. Pen nington, who agreed to erect the proposed structure for $:'S90. Going Up 99 v P.