PAUE FOUB i
THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, MONDAY MORXING, DECEMBER 28, 1914
" ' " 1 1
CZL l Arizona Republican's Editorial Page r . if
. . Th Arizona Republican
I - Published by
ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY.
Mi Only I'aper In Arizona Published livery Day In th
Tear. Only Morning Paper In Phoenix.
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Address all communications to THE ARIZONA RE
PUBLICAN. Phoenix. Arizona.
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-MONDAY Ml IRNI.NG, DECEMBER Z VM.
So let the fair Avhite-winned peace
To happy havens under all the sky.
Till each man finds his own in all
And all men work in noble brother
hood, Ureakim;' their mailed fleets and
A Transplanted Battle.
We are glad lo Ic.tm thai the .!c.icans have
vlocided to rt'innvc their "battle" of Xaco farther
from the American border so that their built ts will
not fall on this sale of the line, where fifty-five
Americans bave been shot, several of them fatally.
This solution of tlie trouble is better than shooting
the .Mexicans out of their trenc'.ies, and ol.r gov
ernment co u hi have saved many American lives if
it bail taken the same vigorous action tv.o months
ayu that it has taken now.
We suspect that the transplanted battle of Xaco
now will not be" very much of an affair. A Mexi
can bailie is like a movie show. The chief charm
"i it lies in tile auuience. If there is nobody to see
-Mexican heroes in action there is Utile use in their
;,i.lting into action. Nobody is going tw set up a
comic opera in the midst of tile Sahara.
Wu suppose there am some Americans at Xaco
who will n:i:;s the "battle" and may be constrained
to lend. tlrcir presence to it if it is set up any
where within a reasonable distance. Ever since the
J-volution began, Americans have liberally patron
ized the Mexican "battles," which afforded them
tome liltle excitement anil a great deal ot amuse
ment. Hut, if the citizens of Xaco follow up thia
"battle" and some of them happen to stop s'ray
bullets, they cannot lay their inistortune. to our
The Governor Is MisuncTerstood.
The. J Rochester (X, i.,i Democrat-Chronicle mis
construes u statement by Governor Hunt made in
connection with the granting of. certain reprieves
and commutations lately. The governor said that
be was moved by the circumstance that the crinvs
for which the men had been sentenced to die were
committed while they were under the influence of
licjuor. The Democrat-Chronicle believes that that
statement constituted such an arraignment of the
liquor traffic that the governor has enrolled himself
among the prohibitionists and is bidding for pro
l'ibitioti support. That is a far fetched and wholly
groundless suspicion. It is entirely improbable that
the governor had the prohibition question in mind,
lie expressed no opinion upon the evil and the effect
of intemperance that is not entertained by every
reasonable man whatever may be his views regard
ing prohibition. We Co not think that the gover
nor's expressed reasons for taking action in these cases
were' in the slightest degree gjod or applicable, but
bis statement of them was certainly no expression
on the subject of prohibition.
The time Iia3 passed, at ieast for the present,
when one could if he desired, appeal to prohibition
ists. Wlifitevcr any' man has done or has failed to
do respecting prohibition has already been done or
has failed of doing. In a sense, we my say there
are neither prohibitionists or anti-prohibitionists in
Arizona now, any more than are Abolitionists or
Secessionists in the nation. The issue upon which
A'rizonians were so hotly divided a few weeks ago,
lias been decided and for the time, at least, if not
forever, has vanished.
. Tor Casfi Only.
The London stock market will be Opened this
week for the first timo since the outbreak of the
war under stringent regulations, one of which is
that all sales of securities must be for actual cash.
The New York Exchange was opened more than a
week ago anil there dealings are for actual cash. If
this rule hail always been applied, there would be in
this country less misapprehension, to the disad
vantage of Wall street than exists today. Men can
gamble lor cash but most of the gamblers of Wad
street and in the grain markets do not do so. They
do not see and do not want to see the securities and
the grain they buy and nobody but the broker sees the
color of affy of their money ( which is only a small
per cent of the purchase price.
Such dealings contribute to the upsetting of the
market and give to securities and commodities sud
den, false and inflated values. It is this "for cash
only" arrangement 1 that has kept down the volume
of New York exchnge trading ever since its re
opening. There is plenty of money in Xetv York now,
according to the dispatches for all legitimate trading
in stocks. On Saturday money was dragging in New
York and rates were surprisingly low, but this money
is not available to (he pure gambler in slocks who,
if he is prevented ft.un buying on a margin cannot
buy at all. Nor can be now sell something he does
The New York stock exchange is a great and
useful institution when it is conducted for a useful
purpose. Its functions are, on a grand scale, the
same as those of any other market large or small
thc bringing of tile actual buyer and toe actual
seller together. The exchange has greatly facilitated
the building of railroads in this and other countries,
in the development ol great mines, and has con
tributed inmeasurably though indirectly to the de
velopment of all the country's resources.
Reclamation in the East.
All the reclamation of land in this country is
not going on in this part of it. Here we need only
water. In the east, in the New England slates, Xew
York, Virginia and some of the southern slates they
need soil for the abandoned farms which a lew
Sears ago were deserted as worthiest.
It was believed that even the most productive
farms, after long cultivation, under the methods
then in vogue, became worn oui, and that the con
tinued prosperity of farming depended upon seek
ing out virgin soil and subjecting it to the sainu
wasteful processes of exhaustion. Now, since the
magic wand of agricultural science has been in -ti
Migently wielded, these so-called abandoned fanes
of the eastern states arc coming to their own. And,
as has been said, many of the men who were
tempted by the broad acres of virgin ,soil in the
west are beginning to realize ihe opportunities, un
der intelligent management, of the once neglected
farms "back home."
The reasons for these changed conditions ale
not far to seek. They will be found in the methods
of agriculture, forestry and fruit culture worked out,
and practically tried out, under the modern system
of education now in vogue in some of the other
"abandoned farm" states. V school for farmers,
practical foresters and horticulturists was substan
tially unknown in tile time of the Tribune philoso
pher who advised the young man of a generation ago
to "go west." Today, great universities and colleges
ate vying with each other in offerng educational
advantages to young farmers; and this education is
made eminently practical by means of traveling ex
hibit trains carrying experts in every department of
activity which has to do with the farm and tile
The west still, and for many years to come, will
offer the best opportunities to the energetic farmer,
but the time will come when there will not be
enough land for all and when there will not be an
abandoned farm in the country.
A NATION UNPREPARED
(II. II. Windsor, in Popular Mechanics)
A most remarkable change has come about dur
ing the past thirty days, regarding the reiiuirenieiils
of our navy and army. Those who have consistently
stood for an increase in one or both have been con
firmed in their belief, those who were indifferent
have awakened, while those others who believed Ihe
time was at hand when the lamb could enter in safety
the lion's den have realized their mistake. Ite-j
hictantly and sadly some of the most pronounced
advocates of universal peace have seen their dreams
disillusioned. Nor is there anything inconsistent in
stiil advocating and working for that world-wide
peace agreement while facing conditions as they are.
our t'nited States, the richest country in the
world, offers a prize of stupendous value. We
have treaties, it is truf, but, as one of our great
railroad presidents once remarked of a contract,
they are really binding only so long as both parties
are willing to keep them. Our wealth at home and
our territory far distant have both been largely
increased, while the night watch remains the same.
The well-guarded treasure vaults are seldom raided,
the chances of success lis entirely too remote. That
a hostile fleet could come within firing range of
Xew York City and demand dollars seemed to most
people an absolute absurdity only a few weeks ago.
The size of our military clothes is no bigger
than years ago, when we were scarcely half as large
as now. We actually lack sufficient men to man
ihe ships we already have, and need still more ships '
and additional men for them. Our coast defenses,
which were never very fotmidable, are in these days
of long-range heavy guns almost a joke. We have
deluded ourselves with the comfortable feeling that
although our ammunition was a mere handful, for
sooth, we wish our boasted ingenuity and energy
could take a few days off our other business and
make tip a supply when needed, forgetting the guns
we already liave 'can use up in an hour all we can
make in a week.
Guns and gunners are dry wells in a desert
without their powder. Hoth our army and navy are
highly efficient to the extent of their numbers, but
each is far too small.
The thunders of war rolling across unhappy
Europe echo through the empty halls of that grand
Palace of Peace in the city of The Hague. For the
present, the spirit, of its inceotion and its benevolent
purpose si em to be forgotten "S the horrors of the
Dark Ages seethe and surge. That some day its now
vacant chambers will contain the councils of nations
gathered in a soirit of true amity, we all hope and
many believe. God speed that day. Rut, while the
peace doctor is coming, it is well for us to have
some first aid to the injured, handy.
JEFFERY FARNOL'S FIRST STORY
(Joffery Karnol in Strang Magazine)
So far. s I can remember after the lapse of
nearly twentv years, my first story was entitled
"Jones, A. B.," and was published in an English
weekly magazine called Short Stories.
This masterpiece contained, if my memory
serves, about two thousand words, and brought me
a cheek for the magnificent sum of one guinea. It
was a very welcome guinea the very first yellow
sovereign one earns always has, I should think, an ,
especial value and some of the sentimental mem- '
bets of my family circle were disposed to advise
having a hole bored in it and wearing it suspend
ed round my neck. Hut, alas! It was too valuable
to le used as a mere ornament.
Well, good luck to it! I hope the present pos
sessor of that bright, particular sovereign is made
as happy by It as I was. I fear my readers will
think this has more to do with my first sovereign
than my first story, but the two are so intimately
associated in mv memory that I lind it difficult to
recall th crudities and faults of the one without a
pleasant recollect Inn of the charms of the other
during the brief time of its sojourn with me.
the Oppressing city
Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the
opposing city! She obeyed not the voice: she re
ceived not correction; Rhe trusted not . in the Lord;
she drew tint near to her God. Zephaniah jjj, 1-2.
I Where the People
i May Have Hearing j
LET US GET AT THE CAUSE.
To the Editor of The Republican. Sir: I
As I feel that you did not catch
the point I wished to make in a pre- j
vious communication, will you kindly
grant me once more space in your'
valuable paper for this article?
If I had suspected that my com
munication, published in the Repub
lican of December 20th, would have
drawn the fire of the editor of Ihe
largest and most influential paper in j
the state, it is doubtful if it would
have been handed in.
Kirst, I want to assure you that 1 1
do not intend to get into a contro-1
versy with anyone as to the merits i
RAGE IS OLDER
Skull Said to lie Fully Five
Thousand Years Old "Was.
Found Near Keuo in Ne
! Save $4.00 on The Arizona Re-
j publican subscription for $19ir. -!
Five dollars will pay for the full
year, including Phoenix' only Sun-
I j day newspaper. Seven days instead j
of six. This great bargain offer is
made but once each year. There-
after 75 cents per month only will
j again be accepted, offer not good 1
after January 9th.
REXo, Xev. Dec. 27. Relics of the
original American race, from which the
Indians sprung, a race older than the j
Aztecs and notable for size and a high I
BOl IN ENGLAND
or demerits of socialism or any other
ism, even if you were to kindly per- j
Thanks are most emphatically due j
you, for las editor of a paper opposed j
to my line of thought! admitting that j
the "principles advocated in my com
munication may sometime be applied,,
and if so poverty will be abolished
from the world." :
I did not intend to convey the idea !
that I objected to temporary relief '
but of objecting to that method only.,
and ignoring the cause that makes j
temporary relief necessary. I
If there wcreoesspools in Phoenix j
disseminating typhoid germs ov er tire
city, would it be wise for us to say.
"We are so busy giving relief to the (
stricken that we have no time to at
tend to those cesspools?"
Now for a. concrete example In the
seventies the writer was a resident
of Denver. Colorado, when diptheria
appeared. In spite of temporary re- j
lief, such as attention by physicians i
and nurses, quarantining and other
precautionary methods, it soon became j
a veritable scourge: as many as three
dying within a few hours of each
other, in the same family. Dr. Ban
croft was at that time at the bead
i f the medical association of Denver
and he at once set about looking for
Ihe ca-'se which he knew existed. In
vestigations showed that nearly alt of
the cases were in families that bought
milk from one of the largest dairies
supplying milk to the city. A further
investigation showed that the sanitary
conditions in and around that dairy
Dr. Bancroft did not s;;v. "We are
ton bnsv attending to the disease
caused by that dairy." but at once
out it out of business and in a short
time Denver was free from diptheria.
I; is appalling. Mr. Editor, to think
v bat would have happened to the
citizens of Denver if the doctor had
bist continued to give temporary re
lief and let the cause continue: and
starvation with added demoralization
c: used by unemployment is just as
bad, if not worse, than diptheria.
Dec. 2B, mil. J. D MARTIN.
GIG LUMBER RftTE CSSE
(Continued From Page One)
plane of civilization, have been uncov
ered in a Nevada cave which has re
mained sealed for 3,000 years. A skull
of a prehistoric male was found with
other relics, which has the extraordm
LONDON, Dec. 27 Shooting gal
leries have enjoyed a. great boom in
England since the opening of the
war. Vacant store rooms in all
ary size of a giant, and differs from j parts of Engiand and Ireland have
that of any previously known skull. i,ecn Oonver;cd into galleries which
;re successful competitors wilh mov ing
picture houses siiowing war
"Learn to shoot and help defend
your country" is a sign which is
in the busy centers
The skull is certainly 5.000 years old,
according lo iirchcologists of the Vni-
versity of Nevada, and may be fully as
old as the Piltsdovvn skull found in
Kent. Kngland. which is thought to be j
15'i.ouii years old. I
Mats and tools, hoiisenoiu uunseis,
toys for the children and other relics
were gathered from the old grave. The
hermetically sealed hole in a cliff pre
served these priceless remains of a peo
ple who lived long before the birth of
Christ, when Kurope itself was an uri
trod forest, and when Persia and China
were the thriving instances of known
The discovery ame about through a
legend of the Piutes of a lost race
which had sought refuge from enemies
Phoenix Title and
$165,000.00 Paid Up Cap
ital and Surplus
18 North First Avenue
i T.-.riitl. . a;..-
ies also offer
post cards which are displayed wilh
such signs as "Come in and have
the Texas Cowgirl teach you how to
Crack shots from Australia and
South Africa are also featured as
instructors in marksmanship in
many of the gullet ies. S'mio of th
galleries maxe prominent displays of
firearms of all ages and all nations
in a mountain. The scientists tacKtea logemer vvnn pnoiograpns ot tiut
the job of digging for a closed cave and I falo Hill and other celebrated scouts,
the work of several years has resulted Several of the galleries in central
in its discovery and the throw ing of j London hitve American Indians dres
light on the early people of America, j sed in beaded buckskin acting as in
Prof. J. C. Jones of the University obstructors. Others have Australian
Nevada led the expedition which tap- bush rangers and American 'rough
ped the side of a hill near Humboldt
Lake, and with him.'Miss Jeanne Wier,
president of the Nevada historical so
ciety a id II. L. Fulton, author of Indian
histories, gathered a freight-car load of
weird relics, which are now safely
stored in the university.
baskets were made of snake-skins,
tule ';rass and river weeds; robes of
ingeniously woven (loth, proved that
these early Inhabitants adopted some
style (f clothins: implements for mak
iik fire proved that flint had been
known and used: woven sanda'
All supplies, gas
oline, oil and repair
work You can save
Many f the taller-, 5 p er cent by buying
war publications and
vmnge vircie oer
vice Coupons. This
should appeal toyou
doubly so as they
are good for trade in
every town in Ari
zonaat the best
garage in each one.
Our cash business
will save you money.
(Continued From Page One)
river, where bot-i
inflicted a heavy
and J n ians ii
blankets were made from threads, and i The Russians report a long series of
countless other mementoes of civ ilized j victories from middle Poland to the
life were included. j f' othills of the Carpathians, thirteen
The water-bottles and snake-skin thousand prisoners in today's reports
ropes resemble the work
dians. Hut threads of cotton
:ussians have apparently got-
ascendency over the Aus
1 south Poland and oalicia.
part of the
, while it names
and other rail
is really aimed
power of the
At the near
The .Southern Pacific and other
railroads operating in the southern
part of Arizona immediately took
action in opposition to the new
1 rates. two days nciore tney 1001,
effect a bill of complaint was filed
with the Federal Judge Sawtelle to
secure an injunction preventing the
commission from carrying out its
order. It was only at the last min
ute, after a hunt extending over
most of Coconino county that the
jtuige was located, and then appli
cation for the injunction was held
up on advices from Kspee hoad-
H'.arters at San Francisco.
The present complaint, which was
filed by Charles It. McCormick. pres
ident of a large Los Angeles lum'ier
Hal shipping concern
the Southern Pacific
ads tus defendants
at the rate-making
ing. it is stated, the
port case will be cited in support of
the contention that the state rate
making body does not have sovere
ign power, where intra-state rates
ernflict with interstate tariffs.
In addition to Commissioners
.iones ami cole, and Accountant.
William Sangster, who will go to
T.os Angeles for the hearing, former
Pate Expert Edgar W. Brown will
be in attendance. Drown, who is
now connected with a Flagstaff
wholesale house, will arrive in Phoe
nix this morning to assist in lining
up the argument and exhibits for
the big hearing.
Cotton Rates Up.
Transcotinental cotton rates, which
would result in an increase of ten
cents per loo pounds on shipments
from Phoenix and Salt river valley
points, will lso come un for argu
ment at the Los Angeles session.
The rates proposed would abolish
the privilege of stopping shipments
ir. transit for compressing, and while
the transcontinental tariff would ap
parently be reduced from liO to 80
cents, cotton growers claim that if
the new rate goes into effect it
will materially affect the industry
in this section . W. S. Dorman.
representing the Mesa cotton ex
change and others will join the cor
poration commission in opposing the
granting of the new tariff. Another
case in which Arizona is interested
is that involving advances on tin
cans and other commodities between
California and points in this state.
Although set for January 4, it is
probable that the lumber rate ease
will not come up until a week later,
owing to the California milling caie
which Is due to be argued at the
same time. Other cases will also be
carried forward so that the hearing
may last over two weeks..
used in making the garments, and his
tory has no record of use of cotton in
Nevada until transplanted by the white
pioneers. The microscope revealed that
their cotton had been grown in the
I'.esert lands, under an irrigation sys
tem, the evidence of which has been
found long since along the Humboldt
and Carson Rivers. The texture of the
cotton weave is said to be superior to
the hand weave of the forties, and it
is believed that cotton growing and
weaving were known to the early races,
but were lost to the Indians, only to be
rev ived by the whites.
Among the discovered bones were
those of prehistoric horses. Elephants-
tusks were strewn in corner s.
there are no records of the elephant
ever existing in this section. The
markings of strange birds are similar
to those found in many Nevada can
vons which have never been explained.
Prof. Jones in his report declared that
these bird feet markings are the same
as found '.'0 feet under solid rock in the
quarries of the Nevada penitentiary,
and must have been made in that re
mote time before the Nevada desert be
(ame a great lake, later to become arid
land again, a transition which marked
the passing of many thousands of
The human skulls which were strewn
iji great profusion about the floor of
the cave show proportions which indi
cate a race of men of great stature.
Scientists the world over are trying to
explain the history of this extinct race.
Investigation of the cave is continuing
under the auspices of the university
and the Nevada historical society. The
result is expected to disclose the origin
of the American Indian, which, until
the opening of the cave, was an un
Not the leest interesting of the re
covered relics is ahaby's rattle. A
score or more of them were discov
ered in the cave, the hollow sounding
ball being made, of stretched snake
skin, stiffened into permanent shape by
some mysterious process that may nev
er be known. Inside were grains of
corn. The edges of the couvck pieces
of snake-skin were sewn with cotton
f later In- a, one. The Russians claim 30.00a
! A ustrians
were made prisonets since
resumed the offensive.
LoNIxiN, Lee. 27. Tiie British of
ficial account of the raid of their navy
off the Herman coast, follows:
"December 2r. German warships i asked the
lying off Schilling Roads, off Cuxhaven ; protest to
were attacked by seven naval seaplanes
piloted by flight Commanders Oliver
Hewlitt. Ross anil Kilner. Tlfe attack
was delivered at daylight, starting from
r. point in the vicinity .r Helgoland.
The seaplanes were escorted by a light
cruiser and destroyer force, together
with .submarines. As these ships were
VILLA moils JT ESCAPE
(Continued From Page One)
Mexico City, Ituibide was compelled
to hide to escape arrest. It is said
he was concealed in one of the for
eign legations 'until two days ago.
when he was smuggled into the draw
ing room of a sleeping car and started
for El Paso.
j He bore passports from Provisional
j President Gutierrez.
I At Aguas Calientes Canova refused
' to permit his compartment to be
searched. At Torreon troops again
j attempted to search for Canova and
conductor to telegraph his
Villa. At Chihuahua Can
ova was requested to move his lug
gage to a day coach. As he removed
the last bag from the compartment,
state officials pounced into the state
room. The place was empty.
Zapata officials in Mexico City claim
Iturbide forced the employes of his
plantation to join lluerta's army, and
If the Suri Shines, Drag
seen by the Germans from Helgoland.
although I two K.-ppclins, three or four hostile
seaplanes and several hostile subma
rines attacked them. It was necessary
for the British ships to remain in tile
neighborhoods to pick up the returning
airmen and a naval combat ensued be
tween the most modern cruisers, and
the enemy's aircraft and submarines.
By swift maneuvering, the enemy's
submarines were avoided and the two
Zeppelins easily put to flight by the
guns of the I'ndaunted and Arethusa.
The enemy' rseaplancs succeeded in
dropping bombs near our ships, without
hitting any of them. The British ships
remained three hours off the enemy's
coast without being molested by any
surface vessel and safely re-embarked
three out of seven airmen with their
machines. Three other pilots returned
later, picked up by British submarines
which were standing by. Their ma
chines were sunk. Six out of the seven
pilots returned safely. Flight Com
mander Hewlitt is missing. His ma
chine was seen in a wrecked condition
about eight miles from Helgoland and
the fate of the darimr, skillful pilot is
unknown. The extent of the damage
by the British airmen's
be estimated, but all w
at points of military significance.
"Thursday. Squadron Commander
Richard F. Davis of the naval air ser
vice visited Brussels in a Farman bi
plane for the purpose of dropping
twelve bombs at an airship shed re
ported to contain German airships.
Eight bombs, six of which are believed
to have hit, were discharged 'at the
first attack and the remaining four on
the return flight. Ow ing to tlif clouds
of smoke which rose from the shed, the
effect could not he distinguished."
asked his execution as a traitor.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 27. Secretary
Bryan has received word unofficially
of General Scott's plan to prevent
firing into American territory, which
is approved by all factions in Sonora.
It provides that Gen. Gil's Carranzistas
will abandon Xaco and be permitted
to go unmolested to Agua Prieta.
which is already held by a portion of
his troops. Governor Maytorena will
agree to occupy Xaco. which hence
forth will become absolutely neutral.
The plan is favored from the Amer
ioon standpoint because the fighting
either at Agua Prieta or Xogales is
not close enough to American towns
to produce a situation like that at
j Xaco, where stray bullets constantly
: fell on American soil.
WASHINGTON, Dee. 27. Villa's
agents announced the official "green
1 book" w ill be issued this w eek. Villa
'explaining why he is opposing Carran
! za, and why he published the secret
! documents to prove if Carranza was
! president he would repudiate his pledg
; es and would have ruled the country
bombs cannot j as a dictator,
"The Lord hates a quitter,"
But he doesn't hate him. son.
When the quitter's glutting something
He shouldn't have begun.
Xew York Mail.
"Have you heard anything about
the fall fashions as yet?"
"Not as 'to how the gowns will be
made. I suppose the girls are bound
lo wear cartridge belts though."
Kansas city Journal.
known lo modem baukinj;' everV method that has been proven to
accurately handle an immense volume of business with disp.-fteh has
been adopted by this bank. oth our policy and system have been
tested and found to be fully adequate to any situation.
The Phoenix National Kank
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