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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE ?'AL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 8 PAGES PHOENIX, APvIZONA, MONDAY MOHXING, JANUARY -1. 1913 8 PAGES VOL. XXV. NO. 224 RAINS OF WINTER ARE HINDRANCE TO TROOPS IN THE EUROPEAN WAR The Worst AVeather Expe rienced in Years Seri ously Impedes Operations , of Annies Both at East ern and Western Fronts HEAVY ARTILLEIiY FIGHTING CONTIN U ES Turkish Reports Claim They Have Crossed the Rus sian Border in the Cau casus and Defeated Arda lian Russian Garrison fASSOCTATED PRKSS DISPATCH LONDON, Jun. 3. A rainy winter, the worst Europe has experienced in years, flooding the valleys of Eng lantl and the continent, has prevented large war operations at the western front and seriously impeded those in flie east. The fighting consists main ly of a "heavy artillery engagement with occasional infantry actions. Throughout the British empire and Abroad English churches held inter cession services for the success of the allies" arum. Many of the ser mons exhorted young men to join the army. Turkish reports claim they have crcjsed the Russian border in the Caucasus and defeated the Russian garrison at Ardahan. They are dis playing anxiety for their European possessions, and are feverishly forti fying the whole coast line. The French gained slight ground between Albert and Roye, north of the point where the battle line turns east ward. They also advanced in Alsace, but were repulsed northwest of St. Mfenehould. In the east the Germans captured ar. Important Russian position at Bor jimow. Wet weather and muddy loads are aiding the Russians, who are defending well-fortified positions. The Auslrians claim to have checked the Russian advance near Gorlice on the South Galician railway, but ap parently the battle has not been con eluded. The Russians, meanwhile, have taken Austrian positions near the Uszok pass whici ought to open another entrance tot them through the Carpathians into Hungary. The Austrian retreat in Bukowina is de- eeribed by the Russians as a rout. A hint that Great Britain contem plates conscription tor increasing the army and navy was dropped by Thomas J. MacNamara, parliamentary secretary to" the admiralty, at a Browning Settlement meeting. Re ferring to the fact that there are thousands of young men without de pendants who have not answered the call to the colors, he said: "If they think they are going to enioy a life of freedom at the other fellows'" expense, they won't enjo? it j "ThVhoHday recruiting boom con-1 tinues. A rush lasting into the morn- j ing followed six open-air meetings addressed by wounded soldiers last night at Cardiff. o O'ftANGE BOOK ANSWERS AUSTRIANS ASSOCIATED PRESS DIBPATCIl PF.RAOGRAD, Jan. 3. An orange hook, dealing with events previous to the Turkish attacks on the Russian Beaports of the Black sea, has been published under the direction of Ser gins Sazonoff, Russian minister of foreign affairs. The orange book contains ninety-eight documents. It is intended, according to an official summary, to throw light on tne clan destine and obstinate methods em plowed bv the Austro-German diplo macy in forcing the Turkish govern ment to war reluctantly against the triple entente powers." o RAILROAD COMMISSIONER. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl SACRAMENTO. Jan. 3 Frank R. Devlin, a Vallejo attorney, has been a'ppointed railroad commissioner, suc ceeding Lieutenant Governor Elect John M. Espleman, whose term ex pires at midnight. The other four Incumbents of the commission are Max Thelen, E O. Edgerton, H. D. Loveland, Alexander Gordon, who have been reappointed. Robert L. Telfer, of San Jose, deputy state printer, has been -appointed state printer to succeed Friend W. Rlch sirdson, state treasurer elect. . Rubber Manifested As Gum Shakes Britons' Confidence ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Jan. 3. Negotia tions for the modification of the Brit ish embargo against the exportation of rubber, it is understood, have been .halted by the finding of rubber mani fested as "gum" in the steamship Sendford, carrying a cargo between the United States and neutral ports. Great Britain believes the rubber is probably destined for Germany, and it is reported the false manifesting has shaken confidence in the effect iveness of the assurance of American merchants that no rubber will be al "BULLET PROOF" ARMOR USELESS, SAYS GENERAL PARIS, Jan. 3. A warning has 1 been issued to soldiers against faith in "bullet proof" armor by the commanding general of the Eigh'eenth Gentian army corps, according to the Paris Temps. I The notice says the armor is a useless waste of a soldier's money because it does not turn bullets, interferes with a soldier's work and sometimes causes grave wounds when the metal is torn by bullets. Captain Loxley Smokes Cigarette As Ship Goes Down ASSOCIATED PRKSS dispatch LONDON, Jan. 4 I Monday) Captain Arthur N. Loxley of i'ne uattleship Formidable stood on the bridge smok ing a cigarette as his vessel went down in the English channel Friday morn ing after the ship either struck a mine or had been torpedoed, according to survivors of the disaster. The cap tain's last words they say was a com pliment to the officer superintending the launching of the boats fur the sea nanly work being done. "Captain Loxley gave orders as calmly as if the ship were in harbor with her anchors down," said one sail or. "The only sign he gave that any thing was amiss was a brief speech exhorrorating the crew, saying "steady men, everything is all right, keep cool and be British. There's tons of life in the old ship yet'." o Keystone Watch Case Company Is Not Combination ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 3. The United States district court has de cided that the Keystone Watch Case company is not a combination In vio lotion of the federal anti-trust law, but declared that its alleged policy of boycotting a direct violation of the law and should be enjoined. The Keystone company controls a large percentage of the filled watch ca.se business of the country. After its organization absorbed several large watch case manufacturing concerns in various parts of the country, and also took over the company which makes the Howard watch, the court declared that it found evidence that pose to restrain trade by attempting to fix and maintain prices by using species of boycott or blacklisting in order to lessen the trade of rivals. Saved From Noose Is Noiv Proven To Be Innocent Man ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH SALEM, Ore., Jan. 3 John Ar thur Pender, convicted of a double murder, and saved from hanging by the abolition of capital punishment, was exhonorated and will gain his freedom as the result of a confession tonight by John G. H. Siercks, an in mate of the state insane asylum. A lock of his own hair taken from the clutch of his victim, Mrs. Daisy Wehrman, when shown him, caused Siercks to confess that he killed the woman and her little boy in their cabin near Scarppoose, Ore., on the night of September 4, 1911. Pender is now in the penitentiary and will be released by an executive order in a few days. ALBANIAN TROUBLE SPREADS. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON. Jan. 3. The Albanian revolution is said to be spreading and the Italian, who have captured the seaport of Avlona, have sent a bat tleship to Durazzo to protect Itanlan interests. lowed to reach Germany if the em bargo is modified. The president and his advisors are confident that Great Britain wi'l rec ognize the American position in its note does not differ from the Briti-di repeated contentions during wars, when she was a neutral. The state department calls attention to Eng land's notes to Russia during the Japanese yvar which were much more drastic. England then declared "against the doctrine that it is for the belligerents to decide on certain articles to be dealt with a's contra band of war regardless of the well established rights of the neutrals." Going Up Banqueters Give Life Of Sky Rockets THE GOING UP SCENE In Which Scores of Phoenicians Transformed Themselves into Human Skyrockets in Order to Lend Gayety to Saturday Night How "Going l'p" became more than a mere watchword, and how prosper ity was transformed from a promise to a pledge, is shown in the above re markable priilograph, executed fur The Republican by the Photoeralt man at the boosters' bivhquet Saturday night, The long lines of enthusiastic diners are seen at the tables, their tall, con-1 ical hats arranged before them, so that their features might be observed the better. In the background is a line of banqueters from an overflow-j Homer King was the general mann ing dining room, arranged in the grill per of affairs. With him were asso.. "f the Adams holed. They are wear- Preliminary Kiep AVill Taken forfav in tin- Re KV- moval of Unsafe Portion.-" of the Central Fire Station Beginning this morning a force of men under the direction of City Man ager W. A. Firish, will start the pre liminary work of the demolition of the present Central fire station building. The seventy foot base tower will be taken down, several useless and dang erous chimneys will be removed and all other portions of the structure which tends to weaken rather than strengthen the building yvill be razed. This preliminary work is the first step in the plan of Manager Farish to soon give to the city of Phoenix a new, modern ami absolutely fire-proof fire headquarters. For the present it is not intended to prceed with the construction of the proposed new .station. However, Build ing Inspector Herbert J. Mann has re ceived instructions from Manager Farish to prepare plans for such a bdilding which will be submitted to contractors as soon as completed and bids asked thereon. According to the general plan out lined by Manager Farish, the new building will be constructed principally of concrete, a solid foundation of that material being employed, while pillars and girders of concrete will be the first work undertaken. In razing the present building It is intended to pre serve intact, so far as possible, the brick of the old structure which yvill be utilized in the construction of the walls between the cement pillars. The brick when so laid yvill be surfaced yvith concrete, giving the building the appearance of a solid concrete build ing. Such a building, in the opinion of Manager Farish, would be nearly, if not quite as substantial as one con structed entirely of concrete, yvonld be absolutely fire-proof and could be erec ted at a minimum of cost. The tentative plans call for a two story building, capable of housing on the first floor not less than four pieces of apparatus together with the fire ehief'.s car. There would be at least four broad exits so that the entire ap-S paratns could make simultaneous re sponse to an alarm. There would be storage rooms for hose and other lire alarm registar system and a hose tower and pit . to be employed in dry- (Continued on Page Three) H FIRE HOUSE SOOH SMS 1 CITY MANAGER ins their headgear, but their ape par- j II. A. MacFarland, I. ' '. Gettins, Jay ance gives little idea of the strange- Allure, F. 11. Itedewill, Warren McAr- ness of the scene, when there wero'tluir, Bill Catlin, Vic Hanny, A. G. eight solid rows of similar decorations 1 Dulmage and Amos Belts with all his in the body of the hall. i Itolarians. A great deal of credit is due lo the! It was the Rotary club, which by committee, which arranged the celc-I the sale of ribbons raised the expenses j bration. Not only did the board of 1 trade men work hard on the parade, but they turned in and hustled for the -banquet, and as a result, there were fifty would-be guests turned away when Ow ball filled i t.'i ('. A. StajJ'fer. Power C.mwaij COMMISSION URGES CHANGE IN TAX LA WS Repeal of Hie .'specific lav on. ex press companies, no special legisla tion al'lji-ting the valuation or tax ation of mines, a small miM tax on moneys and credits, and a graduated license tax on automobiles, are rec ommended in the report of the state tax i'ommission to Iov.rjr Hunt The report was completed Saturday, and is now' being printed. The report, which is quite exten sive, takes up the histor' of taxation since statehood, and legislation per taining thereto, showing what has been accomplished be the commis sion anil pointing out defects in ex isting layvs. A reduction of marly $liiO.n0 in the tax levies of Greenlee and Pinal counties and the towns of Winsloyv and Williams is among the savings pointed out as t lie result of GIVES VIVID ACCOUNT OF BATTLE OFF CHILE ( SPecial to The Republican.) LuNIMiN, Jan. 3. The following account of the fight off the Chilean coast on November 1. when the lirit- ish cruisers Monmouth and Good Hope were sunk by Admiral Count y on Spec's squadron, has been re- ceived from a member of the crew of II. M. S. utianto. which formed part id' Rear Admiral Christopher t'raddock's squadron in the engage ment. "As tin- two fleets came well in sight of each other the admirals com menced to maneuver for position. The Germans had the advantage on ac count of the speed of their ships, and so they finally got us with the .sun setting behind us. With the light behind us we made good targets. ' GERMANS AT ALL COSTS MUST OCCUPY POLAND LONDON, Jan. 3 Sir II. Hamilton Fyfe in a dispatch to the' London Daily Mail from Petrograd, says: "The Germans have received orders to maintain and extend at all costs the occupation of Poland. The Ber lin statesmen say that Germany must have both this country and Belgium in its hands when the conditions of peace come to be considered. It will then have something to bargain with. "The ltusskoe Slavu says that the hopelessness of a German victory is becoming clearer to the German na tion every day. The newspaper quotes the police regulations limit ing the sale of white bread in Berlin - like Imitations t As They Celebrate Prosperity j of the celebration, w ho contributed the solidest factor to the success of the occasion. Harry Welch and the ad- vertising committee of the board of I trade, however, are responsible for the effieient direction of the work of many willing hands, all of which did any winter Sunday in the recollec something to make the prosperity day tion of some of the oldest and most He l"ll lO be emetiiberv-d. compelling taxing authorities in these localities to comply yvith the provis ions of tlie tax limit law. The law limits to 10 per cent, increase the amount that can be raised in any taxing district. The assessment of railroad property in cities ami towns, and the law pro viding therefor, is also discussed. Formerly the only valuation of this class ol property in cities was thu actual trackage, regardless of othei property the companies might own. Expert valuation of town and city lots is also treated in the report, and the advmtaees and weaknesses of this system pointed out. Cost of Government The cost of guvemnient and how it may be reduced is one of the sub- (Continued on Page Four.) "Each fleet was now steaming six- '''en knots on a southerly course yvith sun almost set. At 7:1-' p. m. the first broadside was fired, six X.J inch guns 1mm mo hcnarnnosi. i ne shells fell about fifteen feet in front of the bows of the otranto. The second salvo, lrom the Gneisenau, passed over the bows. By this time, a" tlic- ships, except the turanto, were firing. ( I he otranto could not open fire, as our guns would not carry tlie distanceh Tlie third broadside fired at the otranto dropped short, the fourth went between the funnels, the filth over the bows, the sixth astern, two lyddite shells bursting, the sev enth short. "After being in action fur about (Continued on Page Four) as evidence that the people :tre feel jirs he pinch of being cut off from the markets of the world. ! "Probably such talk is due to the fact that there is very little news from the front and nothing else to talk about, for it is impossible to discover any solid basis for so san guine a view. In Russia vague be liefs of this nature do not matter. "The keeping of the Russian army at the necessary strength does not depend on popular sentiment. The nation is now in arms, and for every man in the field two more are ready (Continued on Page Four.) the Scene in the Prosperity Banquet -, In pretty nearly every line of busi- ness Phoenix has felt the renewal of confidence, the opening up of the capitol and the freer trading. Mer- chants, especially, reported Saturday sales far ahead of those of any day in the last six months. Not the least of these are the bakers and the soda water stands. All the regular Satur- day supply of bread was bought up long before it was time to close the stores. Yesterday's soft drink sales were far and awav trreater than on reliobly iiitorrr.ed soda "jerk'ers." GO OUT TODAY Althouo'h No Announcement lias Been Made, Johnson and Miller Are Mentioned in Connection With Ap pointive State Offices Willi the commencement today of another official term at the state house, important changes in a num ber of offices that are filled by ap pointment, while not yet announced, are confidently expected in several quarters. It has been known for some time that a number of changes have been contemplated in the de partment of the state auditor and the eorporatiun cimmission. I). F. Johnson, who today steps out of the office of treasurer, it is stated, yvill be appointed state examiner, succeeding W. H. Plunkett, whose term expires today. Rumor also has It that former Tax Commissioner P. J. Miller yvill be given the position i or bank examiner made vacant oy I the resignation of J. J. Gillen, who , has accepted the position of assist- ant cashier of the reorganized Val- ley bank. Rumors of a. general shakeup in tlie departments or the corporation commission, with several new ap- pointments, have been rife for some time, but as the entire commission is now at Los Angeles it is not likely that any appointments yvill be made until alter the lumber hearing. While probable changes are entirely a mat ter of conjecture, it is said that the (Continued on Page Four) HEW JOBS FOR OFFICIALS WHO Cabral Is Ordered To Take Border Fight From Maytorena ASSOCIATED PRKSS DISPATCH WASHINGTON. Jan. 3. General Villa, commander-in-chief of the Gu tierrez forces, ordered General Juan Cabral with eight thousand men to take charge of the general situation in Sonora, superceding General May torena at Naco. The order is said to have been decided upon as the best way to prevent the continuation of histilities at Naco and Agua Prieta, where there are small Carranza forces. Gabi-al's troops are now at Casa Grandes. It is believed that Cabral will sign an agreement that Naco be mm is FAR AC1G SAY OFFICIALS Arrest of German Officers and Reservists Brings to Litjlit Movement First Disclosed When Hans Lody Was Apprehended CULMINATION OF LONG 'INVESTIGATION Discovery Causes Concern for Americans Holding Perfectly Good Passports Who Mioht He Open to Suspicion in Europe ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH NEW YORK, Jan. 3 The arrest of German officers and reservists who were taken off the outbound steamer Bergensfjurd last night by govern ment agents on charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States through the use of American pasports brings to light an alleged conspiracy to furnish German army officers and reservists with American passports fraudulently obtained to enable them to return to German country without danger of mo lestation by French or English authori ties. The arrests are the culmination, it was said by department of justice officials here tonight, of an investiga tion which has been in progress since the arrest in England of Carl Hans Lody, who was executed in the Tower of London as a German spy. Lody had -passports issued to an American and it became known to the depart ment of justice that other American passports were also in the hands of German citizens. This discovery caused great concern to the state. de partment as it was feared that Ameri cans holding perfectly good passports would be open to suspicion and possible peril of their lives in countries belli gerent to Germany. Carl Rurode was held in $20,000 bail, which he was unable to furnish. John Aucher, his alleged associate was also held in $20,000 bail, and Rurode's 17 .year old son, was released on his own recognizance. Lieut. Arthur gasche, was paroled on his honor "as an officer as a gentleman" not to leave New York city during the pendency of the present proceedings. The three reservists. Walter Mueller, August Meyer and Herman Wagener, who recently came here from Chile, were held in $5,000 bail each. There yvere detained four others as material witnesses, two Americana and two with German names. The passports found on the Germans each bore the photograph of their hearer stamped with the srate depart ment's seal, but were made out re spectively, Sasehe's to Howard Paul Wright, Mueller's to Herbert S. Wilson. Meyer's to Peter Hansen and Wagener's to Stanley F. Mar tin, it was said there was no doubt as to the, authenticity of the seal of the state department on the photo graphs, or as to Mr. Bryan's signature, but how the photographs had been placed on the documents yvithout cre ating suspicion that they were not the likenesses of the persons to whom the passports yvere issued was not dis closed. It yvas further alleged that Ruroede in order to complete the description. j furnished the reservists with engraved I cards bearing names and occupations j to correspond with the passports, and j even with fictitious typewritten cor ' respondence addressed to them in their ' assumed n:imes. The department's agents had known j for several days, it is said, that the , four Germans had obtained the pass ; ports, but decided to make their case ; complete bv waiting until they were ! aboard the ship before arresting them. It was suspected that other fraudu ; lent passports might be found on other passengers aboard the Bergensfjord, j but although nine detectives searched every passenger on the ship, holding the vessel in the harbor for more than two hours, none yvas discovered. All the defendants waived examina tion. Their case yvill go to the grant! jury. In arraigning Lieutenant Sasche and the three privates Assistant Dis trict Attodney Content told the United States Commissioner Houghton that the government did not consider their 1 (Continued on Page Four) neutral, and the Gil forces will be permitted to go to Agua Prieta, It is thought that Cabral will then at tempt to drive Gil across the border, where he would be interned. Should Gil decline to leave Naco Cabral might attack with overwhelm ing numbers, avoiding firing upon the American side. Both the Carranza and Gutierrez governments have given assurances that no bullets will cross the line if it can be avoided. Cabral and May torena's combined forces number about twelve thousand, while Gil's at Naco and Agua Prienta number four thousand.