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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL. TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 22 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 17, 22 PAGES kVOL.XXV. NO. 237 ALLIES CHECK ADVANCE OFTHE 6ERMAH TROOPS No New Developments, So Far as Official Reports Disclose, as Result of Ger man Success to North of Soissons BIG GUNS STILL DOING GOOD WORK Artillery Continues to Play Leading Role, Although Here and There Attacks and Counter Attacks Are Being Made ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Jim. 16. There are no new developments, so far as official re tiorts disclose, as a result of the Ger man success in regaining the lost ground north of Soissons and the Rus sian advance between the East Prus sian frontier and the Vistula River. The French, who are strongly entrenched along the Aisne River on either side of Soissons, with the assistance of the Hoods, have apparently checked any further German advance. The big guns have taken the place of rifles in the fighting in that region. In fact the artillery continues to play the leading role, although here and there along tne line attacks and coun-ter-attiicks have been made. The Ger mans in one of these recaptured some trenches near Carency, but their at tacks elsewhere, particularly near Flir ey and South Thiaucourt, where they have been most violent, have not been so successful. In Poland, north and south, the fight ing consists largely of artillery engage ments but here too, the Germans con tinue to attack the Russian armies which block the road to Warsaw but jipparently are making no headway. The Turks are reported to have met further disaster at the hands of the Russians. The eleventh army corps Kent from Erzerum to help the broken Tenth, which Is making a stand at Ka ra Urgan, according to Petrograd ad vices, met a defeat which some of the correspondents describe as irretriev able. Should this reverse prove as serious as reported, the Turkish position should be extremely serious, for the Russian fleet Is in a position to prevent reinforcements being sent from Europe, having already sunk eight sailing ves sels carrying troops. The Germans have displayed much activity in their effort to recover the ground they lost dm ing the offensive undertaken by the allies in December. Their efforts are interpreted in some quarters as an at tempt to resume a general offensive. With the ground in its present soft condition military men in London do not believe the Germans will make any such effort, but as success may depend to a large extent upon surprise, they may attempt it unexpected. Unless Field Marshal Von Hindenberg has an- (Continued on Page Nine.) Smallpox In Tucson, Public Houses Closed f (Special to The Republican) TUCSON, Jan. 16. Owing to the prevalence of smallpox among whites of high standing and not as usual among the Mexican population, the city council this afternoon ordered closed indefinitely all pool halls, the aters, churches and Y. M. C. A. classes and the postponement of the Chamber of Commerce dinner. People influential in professional and business life of the city are af flicted and many prominent houses bear the yellow signs. There are said to be over forty cases in the city and hundreds are getting vac cinated. The mails are being fumigated. Tucson Switching Charge To Be Abolished at Once Switching churges to Tucson ship pers having private Bpur tracks will bo abolished immediately, and all charges collected since August 16 will be refunded This announcement was made yesterday, following an agreement between the plaintiff and defandant in the celebrated Tucson switching case, which was set for hearing before the corporation com mission Jan. 20. The case is now postponed indefinitely. Postponement of the hearing of the complaint until after a decision has been rendered by the Interstate com merce commission; in the matter of refund In the Los Angeles and Reno switching cases, was agreed to by the Tucson Shippers' association and the Southern Pacific on stipulation that all charges collected since Aug ust be refunded. The corporation commission will approve the stipu lation this week. MINE TAX PROBLEM ATTACKED IN BILL BY SENATOR BACON Net Profit System, Based on Ten-Year Output at Pre vailing New York Prices Will Be Used in Assess ing Under New Law BILL DEFINES "ACTUAL COST" Senate Prepares to Fight Constitutional Amend ment Curbing Its Power to Veto People's Meas ures Pension Laws Up One of the most important, if not the most important matter of legis-1 lation which will come before the present session was reached yester i ay morning when Senator Bacon of Gila introduced a bill, providing for the assessment and taxation of mines, always a serious matter of conten tion not only in this state but In eery state where mines are. The law under which the mines were taxed last year and the year before was a sort of modus Vivendi, a com promise, between the mine owned and the tax' commission, though it was passed by the legislature without the censent of the tax commission. Under its own terms it ceased to be operative at the beginning of the i.resent year. This law proposed to tax the mines on their output, computed on the av erage price for the products in New York city for the preceding ten years from the figures of the Engineering and Mining Journal or any other standard publication giving the mar ket reports for that period. Under that bill every productive mine was to be valued for purposes of taxation at 12 Vi per cent gross proceeds, plus four times the net. The reference above is only to the pi ice of the products and not to the total value of them for purposes of taxation which was to be based oh 'the production during the twelve months next preceding the first of January during the time when the law should be in force. The bill introduced by Senator Bacon is a reiteration of the prin ciple of that law, differing in ver biage in many of the sections, and removing from the tax commission certain discretion allowed it under the old law, especially in the matter of deciding what is development work which under the old law was not to be deducted from the cost of production. The first two sections of the bill are almost precisely the same as the corresponding sections of the old law except in the provision making it a perennial instead of a biennial agree ment. The bill defines and simpli fies the expression, "actual cost," which figures so much in determin ing the net, in this wiBe: "The actu al cost shall include all expenditures made in connection with mining op erations, transportation and reduction of ores or other mineral products fContinned on Page Five.) ONLY OUTER SHELLS REIN nr nnni'n nm runin nn U u associated PRESS MSPATCHl NAPLES, Jan. 16. The condition today of the city of Sora, once a flourishing, prosperous community, is a striking example of the capricious ness of the forces of nature, which Wednesday morning suddenly over whelmed the heart of Italy. Instead of being reduced to a shapeless mass of ruins, as Avezzano, the state of Sora recalls the condi tions which obtained at Messina in 1908, when the outer shells of beau tiful Messina palaces remained stand ing only to hide the ruin and deso lation within their walls. The complaint of the Tucson ship pers, which asks for a refund of all charges collected for the last seven years, is not withdrawn. The case, however. Is similar to the Los An geles and Reno cases in which the interstate commission ' decided that railroads could make no charges and which were taken to the supreme court on appeal. By Its decision rendered last August, the .supreme court sustained the commission's rul ing, and the question of refund is now pending. It is expected that the interstate commerce commission will order the jefund of all charges made since its decision over two years ago. In that case the ' Tucson shippers will be given a similar refund on Inter state shipments, and in addition will ask the corporation commission for all payments for switching, intra state shipments made during the Inst seven years. 4 i I SILENT TREATMENT I FOR THE GERMANS I BRUSSELS, Jan. 16 "The si lent treatment," accorded the German Landstrum here by the Belgians, is one of the striking features of the situation. It is spreading even to the children who turn away their heads or cross the streets when a. German soldier is approaching. If a Ger man enters a building, the Bel gians leave or move away. If a German enters a street car the Belgians leave or turn their faces away. FIVE CENTS IS In Less Than Fifteen Min ' utes of Trading on Chi cago Market Sudden Rise in Wheat Finds Lowering Pl'ice associated press dispatch CHICAGO. Jan. 18. Five cents a KNOCKED FROM PRICE OF HAT bushel was knocked off the P rice of n Frontera had been pillaged and pri wheat in less than fifteen minutes, put- vate property of every description had ting the market here under a severe bp!n confiscated,- said Captain Farqu strain. The flurry, which was over- ! nar- come later to some extent, was started by the report that a bill would he in troduced in congress to place an em bargo on exports of wheat. The president's order for an investl- gation for any possible combinations to Donna, were today executed by order of boost wheat was not know n here until ; Carranza officials at Rio Bravo, ac after trading hours. I cording to notification received by the The suddenness in the break of wheat families of the two men. was explained in a measure also by the The Charge against the men Is said fact that an unusual number of recent : to have been that of carrying arms into buyers had o.ught to protect their , Mexico and supplying them to enemies trades by orders to sell out ond stop I of the Carranzistas. Reports furnished losses if there should happen to be a i b' Carranza authorities say the two decline of 1V4 cents to 2' cents. It was the pressurer of these orders that soon after the opening overwhelmed the market and kept prices pluning down without a halt to $1.40 or May delivery. Com gave way with the wheat but showed an unexpected relative strength especially as big purchases by cash houses were being hedged in the pit. JUDGE WELLBORN RETIRES LOS ANGELES, Jan. 16. Judge Olin Wellborn for twenty years of the United States court of the south em district of California, resigned un der, the law granting retirement at seventy. Wellborn Is seventy-two years old. He was appointed by Pres ident Cleveland in 1895. Previously he represented a Texas district In congress for several terms. NUHU U HUH Inhabitans of Sora have been proud of their fine houses and wide streets and have called their town "Little Rome." Of these handsome buildings, nothing now remains but the outside' walls. Under the masses of shattered masonry within, it is estimated from 350 to 500 victims lie buried. The condition of the walls still standing makes the work of rescue most diffi cult and the continuance of earth tremors still brings down masses of masondy. Nevertheless the fact that so mnny walls are stil standing, gives rise to the hope that many persons may still be alive, sheltered in cellars or open spaces. Their rescue will be slow, since the only help available is the Third Regiment of Carabiners whose duty is also to maintain order among the survivors, who are wandering aimlessly about without shelter. The ruins of the Rossi mansion, one of the finest houses in Sora, are be lieved to contain forty persons. The hope is entertained that many of them are still alive in the cellars un derneath the house. In one ruined house, a father had located his ten-year-old son, still alive, in an aper ture of masonry which both im prisoned and protected him. Only his legs remained to be freed and the father was working frantically to this end when a fresh earthquake crumbl ed more of the walls and again buried his child. The boy's voice could still be heard, however, and the father worked assiduously for hours. Fin ally he lifted the boy, still alive, from his prison. A ghastly sight near Sora is the cemetery. Here the earth seems to have been burst open in straight, re guiar crevices fro.n which come clouds of white vapor, smelling strongly of sulphur. Sulphurous wa ter is also falling through the cemetery. urn to CAPTAIN BRINGS UTIAEPUT FBHERA In Port at Mouth of To hasco River, State of An archy Prevails With All Semblance of Order Dissi pated PRIVATE PROPERTY BEING PILLAGED British Embassy Receives Word from Carranza of Lifting Embargo on Ex portation of Oil from the Tampico Fields t ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH) NEW YORK, Jan. 16. Reports of serious rioting at Frontera, Mexico, a port at the mouth of the Tobasco Riv er, in the state of the same name, were brought to New York by Captain Daniel Farquhar of the British ship Malinche on its arrival here. Captain Farquhar said the town is a hot bed of anarchy with practically all semblance of law and order dissipated by reason of the continued revolution. I When the Malinche left Frontera on i January 4, Captain Farquhar said the Mexcan tank, steamer San Antonio, loaded with 8i0 troops of the Carranza army were at anchor Just outside the bar and the soldiers were firing at in- tervais on tne town. I Keports reacneel me tnat every store Say Americans Hanged SAN ANTONIO, Jan. 16 Gustavo Fernandez and Francisco Yturria, said to have been naturalized Americans of , men had oeen engaged in tnis worn ror were in charge of thre wagonloads of rifles which were confiscated by their captors. The reports said the men were hanged. O'l Embargo Lifted WASHINGTON, Jan. 16. The Brit ish embassy announced tonight that word had heea received from Carranza through the British legation at Mexico City or the lifting of the embargo on the exportation of oil at Tampico which threatened the fuel supply of the British fleet. Villa forces entered Mon terey yesterday, the state department was informed from Laredo. Another dispatch said a train left Laredo last night equipped to destroy the railroad. Although no details of the extent of Carranza's modification of his previous decree have been received the danger of serious complications is believed to have been removed. Negotiations are still being conducted to enable some foreign owned American and British companies upon whom prohibitive tax es have been levied to reopen their plants. Conferences were held during the day at which British, American and Carranza officials discussed the Tam pico situation at length. Carranza rep resentatives expected an early adjust ment of the matter. Guadalajara Retaken VERA CRUZ. Jan. 16. Official an nouncement that Guadalapara has been retaken by General Dieguez was given out tonight at Carranza headquarters. It stated also that a report had been received that San Luis Potosi has been captured by the constitutionalists. Evacuation of Naco NACO. Jan. 16. The evacuation of Naco, Sonora, by the Calles troops was begun with the dispatch of cav- i Continued on Page Five) Appeal of Louis Gherna Is Filed In Supreme Court The case of Louis Gherna. the Tucson saloon-keeper convicted of selling liquor in violation of the pro hibition amendment, was filed in su preme court yesterday on appeal from the superior court of Pima county. Gherna who was formerly propri etor of the Pullman bar at Tucson, was arrested Jan. 1 charged with having sold a pint of whiskey, and given a Jail sentence of ninety days and fined $100. His attorneys at cr.ee petitioned for a writ of habeas corpus in supreme court, which was denied, and the case sent back to the lower court. Judge Cooper of the lower court, decided Jan. 12 that he had no jurisdiction to act on the petition, and granted a stay of exe cution. Gherna is now out on bond. The notice of appeal states that appeal is taken from the judgment of the court, and the order of the court the court over-ruling the demurrer. The case is listed on the suprem court docket as Criminal No. 373. ALL ITALY'TEARS THAT . EARTHQUAKE SHOCK IS LIKELY New Central Bank Will Open for That the new Central Bank of Phoenix will be open for business on or about Feb. 1 was the good news brought by P. K. Lewis, president of the Anchor Trust Company of Wichi ta, who arrived yesterday morning to take charge of the new institution. The branch office of the trust com pany of which Lewis is president will be opened at the same time. "It will take some time to make all the final arrangements," said Mr. Lewis last night, "and we will not be ready to open for business before the first of the month. Articles of incorporation of the branch of the trust company are being prepared DENY KNOWING IF TWonuo in tsnif in i,nl uerense in omt to wan-ei Water Hole Patents Said' t.. Mr. T).innin,r TViic Sm-t of Attack in Monday's Session Denial of any knowledge of the fraudulent patenting of water' holes as mining claims by the original owners of the Buckskin Mountain ranch will constitute the defense in the case of the United States against the Grand Canyon Cattle company, in federal court Monday. The eov- ANY HI IS a m a m tw m m ernmenfs case is all in, and the de- Tyni AoM t WfcAlf finite opens up its guns when the'i fuHtfrtli ft lioUlli court sits again tomorrow morning. Chief Counsel Stevens for the de fense will interrogate President E. J. Marshall of the G. C. C. company; H. S. Stephcnstn. the superintendent of the Buckskin Mountain ranch, and possibly a third witness, a geologist. The plaintiff's case, preferred last week, consisted of the introduction of affidavits and testimony to show that first a fraud existed in patenting non-mineral bearing lands under min ing claim rules, and second, that the officials of the Grand Canyon Cattle company, knew that B. F. Saunders and O. C. Haley, the ori ginal owners, had secured said wat erholes by illegal methods. Attorney James M. Sheridan for the government, said that in the event the plaintiff is upheld me I.iilpnts will ho rarifAlcw4 a nr) tha ' . Attorney James M. Sheridan fori During the day General George Dav t:ie government, said that in the . ls' chairman t the central committee event the plaintiff is upheld, the of the American Red Cross, discussed patents will be cancelled and the with the president, who is also the land returned to the public domain, president of the Red Cross, the situa The four water holes in question lie ! tion in Italy, and plans for extending along the only route from Lee's ( relief. Ambassador Page at Rome Kerry across the Colorado river to ( cabled the state department, however, the Utah settlements across the that the Italian government would ac plateau, and that they are so iso-1 cept no proffers of aid from foreign U;ted that they practically control an governments and it was decided to immense tract of land. Under the postpone for a time the issuance by the precedent established by President president of a proclamation calling Taft, water holes, where they con- upon Americans for financial aid for trol a part of the public domain, as ' the stricken people of Italy. these are said to do, may taken up by private parties. WEATHER TODAY WASHINGTON. D. C. Jan. Arizona: Warmer. ; PITIFUL SCENES AT ITnllAII Dili II HI I MUNI I1HIL ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH ROME, Jan. 16. Pitiful scenes were enacted at the railroad stations as trainloads of the injured arrived. The children seem beside themselves with terror. The first succor arrived at Magliano Di Marsi Jorty-eight hours after the disaster. A local doctor who escaped, was almost distracted because of the lack of medicine. "It were better had I died myself," the physician exclaimed to a correspon dent. "I cannot bear to see people ex pire simply because I have no means of helping them. My mother and sis ter died only because I had no medicine witn which to treat them." He added he had been compelled to carry the bodies of his mother and sis ter on his shoulders to the cemetery and bury them himself. Advices from Frosinone. twenty miles from Sora, say the walls of the houses are so badly wrecked that occu pants fear to remain indoors and spend the nights in the open air braving the cold weather rather than risk the danger of being buried in the ruins of the dwellings. A general of engineers who inspected the town pronounced conditions as extremely dangerous and ordered the inmates of a large prison there sent to Rome. . Pope Benedict received in private au dience Bishop Bagnoll of the Marsi dis- Business Feb. 1 and will be ready to file in about a week." C. C. Smith, of Oklahoma City, for merly president of the Oklahoma State Bank at Enid, and for the past two years state bank examiner in that state, who is to be the cashier of the new bank, will arrive in Phoe nix next week. A number of local business men of solid financial standing will be connected with the new bank, but as yet no names have been announced. The new bank, which is capitalized at $100,000, will be located in the ! Nicholson building on North Central avenue, where quarters are already being put in shape for the opening. 1 BRAVE HELLO GIRL j I FOILS DARING ROBBERS I AN DALE, Texas. Jan. 16. Clara Dressell, a 19-year-old tele- j phone operator, with a revolver, and quick work at (he switch- j I board, frustrated four robbers who cut the telegraph lines and j stormed the telephone office, j whence they were driven by the j girl's shots and finally routed by the posse summoned by the girl, j Miss Dressell fired two shots at 1 the robbf,rs 'hugh a door when i thpv . hrulr , . ! robbers entered a hardware store. ola""'d arms explosives and went to a bank where they made I ! five unsuccessful attempts to ! blow the safe while the town j I marshal, warned by the girl, toll- j I ed the bell summoning citizens j who surrounded the bank. The j robbers escaped in an automobile I after a running fight in the Istreets, but three of them later I were captured by the Wichita j I police. j I ! Sends Message Of Sympathy To Italy associated press dispatch WASHINGTON, Jan. 16. The presi dent sent the following message of sympathy to King Victor Emmanuel of j j . j a ' ' "I am greatly shocked at the news of the terrible calamity which has fallen , upon Italy and her people. I beg to assure your majesty of mv- own sin-! cere sympathy and that of the govern- ment and people of the United States..,. Th iniured ftr bein(r cart?d for . m mis moment of widespread suffering I and national grief." not be The Red Cross headquarters an j nounced that many liberal money con i tributions for relief work in Italy had ' already been received and others would 16. For be welcomed to be forwarded informal 1 ly to the Italian Red Cross. ARE ENACTED j trict, who presented a complete report ' t the desperate straits of his diocese as a result of the earthquake. The pope questioned the bishop at length regirding the situation and gave him a large sum to help in relieving the dis tress. Gompers Asks Approve ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Jan. 16. The pres ident was asked tonight by Samuel Gompers and the executive council of the American Federation of Labor, to approve the immigration bill now be fore him and to do everything in his power to secure the fintl passage of the seamen's bill, the bill to regulate the use of convict labor and the work men's compensation bill for employes in interstate commerce. The president made no definite promises regarding any bills, but after wards Gompers, president of the feder ation, said he was "greatly encouraged" and that the president's attitude had been ' very cordial and sympathetic." IV Hnl ANOTHER Basis for This Anxiety is Found in Reports Brought . by Refugees That Dis turbances Continue in the Devastated Towns THIRTY THOUSAND IS DEATH TOLL Figures from the Earth quake Infested District Indicate That Casualties Will Exceed Earlier Esti- . mates Pope Aids ASSOCIATO FUU DISPATCH ROME, Jan. 16. Fear is felt throughout the earthquake devastated district that additional shocks may add to the work of destruction, ac cording to reports brought to Rome by refugees. The basis for this anx iety is found in a dispatch from Sora, which says that another strong earthquake occurred there last night, demolishing the walla of partly ruin ed buildings and menacing survivors and those engaged in rescue work. Scant reports of death and dam age in the more remote places which suffered from the disaster have been received at the capital. Information from the larger places is still incom plete, but there Is no reason to doubt that when the death roll is made up it will contain fully thirty thousand names. Probably twice that number were Injured. The places that apparently suffered the most were Avezzano with about 10,000 killed: Pescina, 5000; Celano, 4000; Cenchio, 2400; Marsi, 1000; Da terno, 1000, Sanbelino, 650, and Fral turo, 200. It is reported that Rassa Dalbe lost one-eighth of her popu lation while Pescasseroli was com pletely buried. In the devastated area there are scores of hamlets where probably only a small percentage of the popu lation escaped. The same is believed to be true in the rural districts. All Italy has turned its atteption to the work of rescue and relief. Thousands of soldiers and volunteers : are digging frantically In the ruins in the hope that they may release a few who are still alive. Hundreds of bodies are being recovered, but the first attention is being given where it Is believed there is a possibility of occupants of ruined dwellings may not 1 . . , i ,'!....... rr . .. nav" e pe.... ' are being made by the authorities, to dispatch doctors, nurses, medicine and foo(1 to te ruined cities and villages. Criticisms have been voiced because . of the delay in sending medicine to some places destroyed, but it is pointed out the difficulties of trans- I nnrtatinn mflrte B-rpAtpr snped imnossi- jn makeshipt hospitals established in ' the ruined towns or in the hospitals of Rome and other cities. Trains filled with survivors are ar riving constantly and refugees are being given the best of care. Large sums are being subscribed for the re lief of the suffering and Pope Bene dict is one of the large ototributors. King Victor Emmanuel returned to Rome after visiting many places in the earthquake zone where he direct ed the work of rescue and personally distributed relief. The Messaggero and other Rome newspapers complain of the lack of organization in relief work, which is said to have led to delay In rescuing the victims of the earthquake. There is also an insufficiency of supplies, particularly in the remote districts. This situation is deplored even by the king, who expressed his sorrowful surprise that persons who might have been saved by prompt work, have per ished In the ruins while many who were rescued had been suffering for 72 hours from cold, hunger and thirst. The Messaggero says that the king halted a detachment of soldiers, ask ing where it was going. On being told that Celano was their destination, he expressed surprise that after so long a time it was still necessary to send troops. He added that he himself was. going to Celano. The officer in command of the de tachment replied that the road was impassable for automobiles. "That does not matter," the king re ported. "I will go on foot." The king himself instructed the soldiers how to reach Celano. Wilson To Labor Measures The president said the hearing on the immigration bill will be held one day next week. He is expected to veto the bill because of the literacy te.t feature, but has not definitely an nounced his intention. The seamen's bill has passed the sen ate and house in different forms and Is now in conference, Gompers told the president he expected It would be passed finally within the next few days. The president is expected to sign it. The bill to regulate the use of convict labor passed the house and is now pending in the senate. Several bills have been introduced providing for workmen's compensation for employes in interstate commerce.