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AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 8 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 8, 1915 8 PAGES VOL. XXV. XO. 259 THE CZAR AND KAISER EYE WITNESSES OF BA TTLE WITH WARSA WAS GOAL Russian .md German Arm ies Are Still Contending For Position Protecting the Polish Capital From Army of Invasion RUSSIANS REPORT TRENCHES TAKEN German Official - Statement of Many Engagements Has 'Only to say. "No Es sential Events Have Ta ken Place" rASSOClATKD PRliSH DISPATCH LONDON, Feb. 7. The Russian and German armies are still contending for the position protecting Warsaw from the invaders, while the czar and kaiser are eye witnesses. Nothing was dis closed today of progress of the battle which at last reports was raging with unabated fury. A Russian official statement says they have strengthened their positions on the western hank of the Bzura Kiver which they crossed and captured u long line of German trenches near Borjimow which was the center 01' des perate fighting. In East Prussia another big battle is developing and the Germans apparent ly have sent reinforcements from the llzura front to that region. In (Tie Carpathians while the Russian right is advancing they are only able to report their left has checked the Austro-Ger-nian advances. A German official statement says regarding all this fight ins: "Xo essential events have taken place." Fighting in the west is a repetition of previous days. There are lively artil lery duels and a few infantry attacks with both sides claiming to have gained some ground. No further fighting in Egypt Is re ported. The Turkish account of what has already occurred refers to van guard encounters. An Italian report on the return of Earon liurian, the Austro-Hungarian minister from a vis it to the kaiser, says the'Austrian cabi net generally is satisfied but not in clined to give Italy-Trentino and Ru mania a part of Transylvania as the price for the continued neutrality of these two countries, k Turkey has finally given Italy satis faction for the Hodeida incident, re leasing the British consul and saluting the Italian flag. English refugees at Constantinople report the former Ger man cruiser Goeben, now a Turkish vessel was so badly damaged by strik ing a Turkish mine it will be impossible to repair her there. The Russian lilack Sea fleet is now superior and is about to be strengthened by the launching of the new dreadnaught Sebastapol. , , . .. ., Pope Benedict g praver for peace was .i ,..u . ., , . " i read in all Catholic churches in Eng Jiuid and France today. Four of the allies' torpedo rjonts bombarded the Turkish forts at the Dardanelles according to an Exchange Telegraph Athens dispatch. One hun dred and seventy-four shells were dis charged and two Turkish ammunition depots set afire. A Turkish Report CONSTANTINOPLE, Feb. 7. "Our vanguards arrived in the region east of 1 the Suez canal", a Turkish official statement says, "and drove back the ; English outposts against the canal. ; Rattles occurred at Ismailia and at El Kantara, which are still proceeding." Prices are Falling WARSAW, Feb. 7. Since military orders prohibiting speculation in food and other necessaries under penalty of courtmartial have been effective, artificially advanced prices have fall en one-fourth. Relief for Civilians BERLIN, Feb. 7. The International Central committees have undertaken to furnish relief to the civil popula- j tion in Russian Poland occupied by) tne German ana the Rockefeller Toun-jin the west, where each of the Ger dation will finance the administration j man sanitary companies have had of the work. American and Spanish 1 (our ugs attached to it, and the au iimbassadors in Berlin and Vienna j thorities there have decided to dou are members of the committee. Iler-jble their number, but apparently the l.ert C. Hoover, chairman of the east had been neglected. American commission for Belgian re-j Tne breed used is the German lief Is negotiating with Germany for, shepherd dog; and a considerable (Continued on Page Twol Wilson Soon To Select The I Route For Alaskan Railroadl (Special to The Republican) WASHINGTON, Feb. 7. President Wilson's selection of the government rail route in Alaska, which is the first step in the ffovernment's plan to open up Alaska to development is expected within a week or Whether he? will advocate the two. pur- chase of the Morgan-Guggenheim road, known as the Copper River and Northwestern Railroad, or of another road known as the Alaskan Northern, is a matter of specula tion. All of the facts in connec tion with both routes have been laid before the president. That it will lie anvantageous for the government to purchase one or the other of the be advantageous for the government owned railway system connecting the coast with the coal fields, is trally conceded, and engineers gen- have ISSUE BREAD TICKETS IN GREATER BERLIN I BERLIN, IVb. 7. Bread tick- j ts upon which the weekly quota I of bread or flour will be diawn ! will soon be a feature of lite I in Rei'lin. The litunieipalitk s of I Greater Berlin have voled unani- j I mously to adopt this measure. j The tickets, which will be issued I weekly, will be provided with I coupons permitting the holder to I purchase bread or flour in am- I ounts up to four and one. fifth I pounds. Greater Berlin is the j only city in Germany where a j J limitation on consumption has I thus far been adopted. Six Am- I erican army officers, acting in ! I the capacity of observers, left I last night for a week's trip to I the western front, going to Strass- I burg and Met;;. I Jets in Ativans Comrades and of His . , IV IxapKl Eiriii"- Causes Gemmns to Flee Force Relieving Was at a L Hand tl-LS'C ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH PARIS, Feb 7. Private Thorel on whose breast General Joffre, in person, recently pinned the coveted military medal, tells the story of his involun tary capture of a line of German trenches as follows: It was about five miles from, Ypres where the 153rd regiment infantry was ordered to recapture some lost ground". The first attack succeeded partially but the second was interrupted because the colonel found that it could be Hotter executed at night. Thorel, in the first rank, did not hear the order to retire; he went on at double quick, thinking his comrades were coming after. He arrived at the crest of an abandoned trench before he found he was alone. Further on he spied a detachment of the enemy; it was too late to go back, so he jumped into the trench. Sheltering himself as well as he could 111 euiimietii u ni 1111;. i me, iwo, inree . . , , , . ' ' Germans went down under his fire. lie j had used three-fourths of his 220 cart ridges when he was surprised to see , the enemy fleeing from their position to a line of trenches further back; they , evidently supposed from Thorel's rapid j lire that they had to do with a strong force. Thorel then found his way back to the French lines and reported to the colonel that he had two lines of j German trenches at his disposition. I The recovered ground was oecupred BERLIN, Feb. 7. Field Marshal von Ilindinburg, having heard of the excellent work of the ambulance dogs in the east has applied for a number for use sent to Some n Russia, and 250 have been him. 500 dogs have been at work period of training required before been studying the problem for some time. The opening up of the rich coal deposits in Alaska will bring a big boom on the North went, it is be lieved in Seattle. It is pointed out ! that heretofore the laws of j have been such as practically Alaska to for- bid private enterprise from attempt ing to build the roads necessary. With the building and completion of the government railroad, it is be lieved that private capital will be encouraged to work the coal fields, under rigid government supervision. It is reiMirled here that the Alas kan coal will be a big factor in the price of fuel when the Alaskan mines are opened up extensively, and it is said to be the hope of the ad- ministration that a lower level of j prices will be reached. PRIVATE TAKES TRENCHES 1TH NO ASSISTANCE WORK SAY WOUNDED IN HEAR LOOZ 1 pn Nn niRF I U 1.1 II I U UIUU RUIN ARK I 1 Charred Timbers Show Where llonics Stood, An-! gry Dogs Attack Visitors and Winter Crops are Tramp-led Into the Mud EFFECTS OK THE GERMAN SHELLS Writer Says Craters in the lii'own Earth Show where Shells Struck Countryside is dous Cemetery 111(1 Entire , a ASSOCIATED rEss DISPATCH COLOGNE, Feb. 7 'Ruins every where, and far and wide the flames and white-heat glow of burning vil- lag. and farms,'.' says a writer to the Colog battlefield in Poland Gazette, describing the f Nowosulna, near Lodz "Along the charred tim- bcrs of the houses still crept the spark:; which an active breeze would not permit to die, as we went through the wilderness of gray-black ruins. "Angry dogs glided through the ruined buildings and threw them selves upon everybody in their way. Out on the fields, where the thin and starved winter crops had been trampled into the mud. thousands of homeless pigeons flew about aimless- ly. Like their owners tlicv bad lost (heir homes and became the victims "f this war- i raters the brifwn earth show ed where our shells had struck in , and near the Russian trenches; now a, little behind, then a little in front,' but always close to the mark. The t ground had literally been harrowed by the bullets of our infantry. ; "The sight of the Russian trenches was horrible. The losses of the Rus sians had again been heavy and it was a severe tax upon those charged with the work to bury the many dead in eompanv graves. The entire conn- J .tEi'Side ,w.is tiomr'..doujj. cemetery. J "Many of the trenches were still : full of dead corpses lying in the' midst of all sorts of food, as if Iheyi tiad been struck down while eating. ' Pieces of bread ami remains of other r food, empty and filled tin cans, heaps, of cartridges, rifles, spates, picks, ' knapsacks, field flasks and other ar- ; tides of equipment filled the space between the dead in the trenches. "The work of the burial purlieu, was hard and trying, but h:id to be . done. At any rate it was not as sad a duty as burying our own dead. 'Toward evening a large number of rude crosses bad been set up. marking the resting places of those for whom manv a hot tear will be shod. On a bill Russian and Ger man eraves were close together PTouped about -beavv Russian field tuoce. which bad been literally smash ed hv a square hit under the barrel. ( Continued on Pnirn f'-p at once and night attack fttanti.il gain. the previously projected assured a further sub- T IN RESCUE the animals are fit for work on the battlefield. There is a special or ganization, the German Society for Sanitary Dogs, having charge of breeding and training the animals, and this body is just now appealing to the public for contributions to ward carrying on its work. Letters from soldiers and sanitary officers give eloquent testimony to the excellent services of the dogs in finding the wounded. A pioneer at Boon dictates the following; "On October 24tK I was wounded in the thigh at .... and took refuge, together with several other wound ed comrades, in a cellar on a farm But either the inhabitants or other Frenchmen barred us in and then turned water into the cellar, so that there was no way for us to get out f or three days we stood in water up to the breast, without food, and had given up all hope of rescue. Then suddenly I heard the in.ifflin. -r dog, and we were soon verv hnnnv to see him poke his black head into oe onus eye window of , A wounded lieutenant of our party tore out the lining from his cap and stuck it in the dog's collar band. Several hours later sanitary officers and pioneers came, one of them lead ing the dog by a line, and they lib erated us from our hopeless imprison ment. The dog leaped up with joy before the lieutenant. I am firmly convinced that we should all have perished in that cellar bit for the dog." WEATHER TODAY WASHINGTON, Arizona: Fair. D. C, Feb. 7. For CONVICT PLAYS PART OF GENTLEMAN BURGLAR SAN RAFAEL, Cal., Feb. 7 Peter Gosti, aged lit. a convict who escaped from San Quentin I on Saturday, played the gen- 1 I tleman burglar at the home of j Mrs. Charles Kelloy, where lie I soother the cries of her two j frightened babies, foraged the kitchen for food, and departed, apologizing for frightening her, but taking Kelley's overcoat. Ar c T NCLCO, bOWM, IS Haven For Many 'Dry Arizonians ASSOCIATED PRKSS DISPATCHl j NACU, Feb. 7. One saloon was op , ' ened toiiy for business in Naco, So- nora. within t ie tocc of a bottle of the :site of a barroom closed when Arizona went dry. All the main highways from Tl'cmcil-' nearby Arizona towns were heavily 'traveled today and Mexicans were far ! outnumbered in their own town by vis itors. Another saloon will be ready to handle crowds in a lew d.tys. W. F. Ucaverly, a Bisbee car conduc tor, was arrested after a fight with customs officers in which Mrs. Beav erly, becoming hysterical, took part. Both were jailed. Beaverlv is charged with 'violation of the statute against bringing liquor across the border and a federal charge of resisting a customs officer. Q, T. STUFF IS NOT PART OF SOW IRK Underground Arrangements Haven't Come Vet; Few Law-makers Hilling Their Opinions; Mine Tax IJill Comes up Today I f - . ' , This legislature differs from most if not all predecessors in many ro Ispecls and in none of them' more markedly than the apparent display of all the cards on the table. If there is -any pussy-foot Work, any thing mteriuus in progress, the : members w ho are wise are keeping such things to themselves, whereas in earlier legislatures many of the 'members were as wise as a tree full 'of owls, talking in whispers, moving stealthily ami winking significantly. Some of the members evidently i have not made, up their minds yet how they are going to vole on cer tain of the big questions, and while there may be some log-lolling, none of the members pretend to know anvthing that the general public may 1 not have learned if it had kept its ears and eyes open, and no member ' volunteers to say what his coi- ; leagues in either house are likely to do. They share the uncertainty of the public with respect to all of the 1 more impoitant matters now pending. t There was a good ileal of .specula- t llllll lilftL 111 HI lll'lTI liluuic-' , land on the streets as to tne action ! of the house on the mine lax bill ! which w ill probably be brought before stlie house in some shape today. It I is tho majority opinion that the bill jjn its present shape may receive a majority of the votes but that j will not be enough. Rut it was stil ted last night by a well-informed member that with concessions, which it was rumored mignt ne .jiiereu, a 'two-thirds majority in all probability I would be secured in the house. I It is generally believed that no ac tion will be taken in either house (today on the prohibition bill for it 'was slated that if the decision of the supreme court in th" Gherna case J should be ha itiled down today it would not be done early enough ; to afford the legislature the informa tion for which it has been waiting, i It is by no means certain that the decision of the couit will be given I today. j The so-called Kinney-( 'lavpool bill prohibiting the employment of per ' sons who cannot speak or under stand the English language in ha.'.ar 'dous work where other men are em ployed and whose safety depends upon their fellow employes, is' ex pected to come before the house 111 the committee of the whole today, hut probably not before the after noon session. The friends of bill were not willing to concede night that the vote by which bill was postponed on Saturday ternoon was a true test of strength of the respective sides they expressed confidence that the I last j the : af- i the and , bill would pass the house by a row majority. Hut it is not believed that it has a chance in the senate. Members of the senate who were in terviewed yesterday' said that they hoped that they might be spared the ordeal of voting upon it Interest in the legislature this week, especially in the early part of the week, will center in the house. The onl- matter of immediate interes; in the sennte is the prohibition bill and the senate seems disposed to await the action of the house on the Powers bill before taking up the Draohman bill. SERBIA BEARS OWI SRARC fJF WAR SiBlbl';- J i Once the Pocal Point of the European Conflict, She is Now Almost Lost to View' in Maelstrom of Greater Strmrule ARE PREPARING NEW OFFENSIVE Will Endeavor to Proclaim Part of Ancient Empire Which Still Lies Outside Limits of the Serbian Kingdom fASSOCJ ATKD FRUSS DISPATCHl SKOPYLE, Serbia, Feb. 7. Serbia, once the focal point of the European war, but later almost lost to view in the maelstrom which swept the greater powers into the struggle, gives ample evidence of having borne her just pro portion of the saciitiees of the nations. Suffering on all sides is intense, but the spirit of the troops is undaunted. .Since the recent defeat of the Austri ans freed Serbian soil of invaders, plans have rapidly gone forward for the next move in the great game of war the offensive. Hundreds of wounded soldiers in the hospitals have told the correspondent of The Associat ed i'ress that they feel their second life purpose ttill -be lost if they are unable to help in the deliverance of their kins men on Austro-Hungarian territory. The Serbian offensive will he shared by the Russians and the hope is expressed here and at Nish that Roumanian troops also w ill be in the column hurled across the Hungarian frontier. The motto of the Serbian army is "Something to defend; something to reclaim." The something to defend was the independence of their kingdom. The something to reclaim is that part of the ancient Serbian empire which even after the victories over the Turks and Hulgars, still lies outside the limits of the Serbian kingdom. The traveler in Serbia is somewhat dazed at first to discover among (he prisoners of war a huge p'eifentage of Serbs of the purest race and tongue. Living in Austrian territory they were forced to serve in that army until a surrender gave them the opportunity to serve their own country. Some are heljlng in the military hospitals while others are doing scout and picket duty along the Albanian border. L ing far beyond the European war center, Serbia seemed a difficult destin ation for a journey beginning at New York, but experience proved easier than anticipation. Kclgrade, the front door of the lialkans was impossible indeed, but Salonika, the hack door, was found hospitably open. In wartime back doors and side alleys ale kept to he safer and quicker means of getting about than guarded doors anf fortified frontiers. A splendid new municipal building at Djejeli was converted into a hospital soon after the war began. As soon as the wounded were able to leave the ov ercrowded hospitals at the front they 'Continued on Pace Fivel CHINESE: NEW TEAR CELEBRATION TO BE AMERICANIZED HEREAFTER (Special to The Republican.) SAN DIEGO. Feb. 7. The last cel ebration of Chinese New Year by California Chinese, which will be held February 13, with a day of celebration before and following, on ithe Isthmus at the San Diego expo sition, will be a fitting one. 11 will j mark the passing of the old Chinese : regime and the birth of American customs with the Celestials. For centuries the Chinese have ob served their New Year, coming be tween January 21 and February ID, according to the advent of the first new moon after the sun enters Aquarius. After this year legendary customs of generations will be brush ed aside for American ideals and for this reason California Chinese con sider they have been particularly hon ored by being permitted to hold their final New Year celebration In the exposition. In 191(1 their New Year will be made American. Extraordinary features are being arranged for the three days and vis itors will be given a keen insight into the quaint customs and manners of the Chinese. There always has been much mystery attached to the Klowerv Iviiurdom and its neonle. tneNow this will be bared and the cele-nar- 1 i,r.,i;nn ivill ooTnuriso an edneationnl and entertaining program never be fore presented in public. Much interest naturally attaches to the parade of the celebrated dragon. This huge symbol of imperialism probably will lie exhibited in Califor nia for the last time in the celebra tion here. The passing of it from public exhibition will be coincident with the last true celebration of Chi nece New Year for an important part legend. The dragon, whii long, was originally PICNICKING MOTORISTS ENJOY CONCERT IN BIG OUT DOORS BAND HALL " RT OF HORSES -SN'T MEAN SHORTAGE WASHINGTON, Feb. 7. War- ring European nations have j bought and exported more than j 7."i,t)Hi) horses from the United j States but there is no immediate danger apparent that continued export will cause acute snonage i of horses in this country, accord- ing to G. A. Hell, il the liureau i of Animal Husbandry. "We could sell two or three limes the nam- j ber already exported without there j bein; any appreciable shortage in woik horses," a statement of j Hell in the current Agricultural . outlook, says. ' The kind pur- chased for the most part, are very mediocre animals, which or- dinarily sell for less, than $10(1 a head and are a class of which j We can well afford to be r!d." j JUNE! BOSSES ARE SPREADING EASTWARD FAST Idea Originated in Phoenix During Street Car Strike Sweeps Over Country and Cuts Heavily Into Trol lev Revenues Originated in Phoenix during the street car strike in 19!;;. the "jitney" bus, the little rival of the street car is now sweeping the country from the Pacific coast eastward, and bids fair in a number of places to put its larger rivals out of business. So sudden and extensive is its entry into the passenger carrying traffic of the cities, that the street car mag nates are fairly dazed. The Los Angeles electric railway is losing $-',uiH) a day. The .Monterey and Pacific railways in 'aIirornia has been forced to the wall, and in the middle west cities the car lines have been seriously hit wherever the Utile busses are in operation. Within a few short months the idea spread to such an extent that fifty cities have seen the beginning of the "jitney" lines, and a hundred more will be visited ly the compe titors of the electric lines. Los An geles has over l.Ocei busses in opera tion, with daily receipts of $S.50. San Francisco has COO running and expects many more to care for the exposition crowds. Oakland has 4",y in operation. Portland Ore., has 73. Seattle has 500, Spokane 2.1. and olympia, Wash., is issuing licenses at the rates of 50 a day. Fort Worth has 110 jitney busses working. Ogden, 1'tah. is operating three bus iContinued on page Four.) 1 Angeles Chamber of Commerce and has been seen in several Pacific coast celebrations. Later it was pur chased by Chinese merchants of Los Angeles and for several years has not been exhibited in public. Its 'original cost was $15,000.00, it being built of heavily embroidered silk. To 'man it in the parade fifty-two Chi : nese will be required. I The program of celebration will comprise observance of many Chinese 'customs of holiday time. Included : will be the ceremony of chasing the devils, the playing of the Toy Kee Chinese orchestra of Los Angeles, the singing of Chinese solos by Miss Yung King, a mandarin dinner at Levy's Cristobal cafe, a Chinese cos tume ball in the Divided Dime dance liall, and to cap the cilmax will be Ithe "Hour of the Kat,'' which Chi nese laws declares to be the time when the lid is off. Offer Work For 1,000 Men And Only Sixty Apply I ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH PERLIN, Feb. 7. When the Berlin city government several days ago off ered work for 1,000 men in clearing the streets of snow, only 60 men applied. In the whole empire the number of persons out of employment was re duced in November, and at the end of the month was only about one-third as - 1 great as at the end of August. the dragon plays While labor conditions have im in centuries old ; proved, it is observed that the number I of unoccupied flats and stores in Grea h is one block : ter Berlin is steadily increasing. This built for the Los I is especially the case with the larger "1 1 Between Twentv-f'ive Huu i ; dred and Three Thous l : and Visit Echo Canvou When Arizona Band Ren ders Sublime Music FIELD I NO'S MOVIE FOLK WERE THERE Exciting Auto and Motor cycle Occasion was Yes terday's Camelback Run; so Popular it May bo Re Heated Yearly Not since the nucleus of what is now the Arizona state band rendered its famoiu; concert in the thunder storm at the brink of the Grand Canyon two summers ago, has such an impressive setting teen had for man's music, and probably never before, was there such an odd bandstand as that upon which Dr. F. II. Redewill disposed his men yesterday under the huge cliff that crowns the eastern end of Echo Can yon. And to see these sights, and hear these pounds, there were between 2500 -and 3oo persons, gathered by nearly every means of locomotion, and from everv nook and corner of the valley. Imagine a rock rimmed gorge, liter ally dotted with people, and below upon both sides of the road that reaches clear to the beginning of the final de clivity, rows and rows of motor cars, streUhed out like an immense black serpent in the sun. And down, further still, the continuation of that road, a yellow scar on the face of the desert, with dusty vehicles like ants, crawling along it. Yesterday's motor picnic to Echo Canyon assumed the proportions of an institution, and without a doubt, it will he repeated. Certainly, its first dem onstration proved its popularity, and now that a great number of people have participated in it, it will surely become even more excellent in the eyes of the motoring public. In addition to those who occupied the five hundred autos, there were at least a hundred motorcyclists, some carrying two pas sengers, and several score of horsemen and horsewomen, and a lot of young sters on bicycles. And hidden awo- in the throng, there were probably one or two hardy spirits, who were not afraid to walk the twenty odd miles. Picnic parties began to assemble in the canyon early in the forenoon, and by twelve a smattering of automobiles was to be seen. Soon, they began to come in shoals and herds and flocks and strings and processions and par ades, until there was really, hardly room enough for them, even with all that outdoors. The band, which had made the trip in four Studebaker cars, loaned by Wayland Wood of the Ari zona Motor company, was on the srotind early. About two-thirty, the b'indmen quietly gathered on a sort of a bench, directly under the biggest red honUr of them all the one tha , Mocks the upper end of the canyon, and bur's back sounds in such a way as to five the place Its name. Soon, the mu sic started, and then the crowd started lookimr for the music. Such are the . acoustics of the place, the sound seemed to come from every direction at .'once, er no direction. Those who had climbed to the top of the saddle, . thought the hand must sure'y have hfd den itself around the north shoulder of Came'back. for that seemed to hi the 'ace from which the strains were cod ing. ! Then came the movie folk led by Romaine Fielding, and riding in their : two hiis-e autos. Right up to the jump in? off place, they came, and the crowd, attracted by the sight of the two cam teras. chauffeured respectively by Guy ! Wilky and Bob Turnhull, gathered i onnd. Soon, tho first "set up" was made, and Fielding accomplished a speech. He instructed his enthusiastic amateurs in the manner in which they ! were to act, and with a mob of a thou sand, he then organized his first scene. : It was a good scene, too, for in it, no I less personage than the big chief, him , slf, arir-eai-ed as a speaker. And the "sunes" waved their hats and kerchiefs . and cheered just when Mr. Fielding told them to, and the director said to the camera men "Print it!" which means that it was good. Jim McCul- loch was busy making panoramas of 'he gorge. Meanwhile, Dr. Redewill was organ ; i7,ina that sublime overture, "T.e , Death of Custer", and the crowd was . diverted to watch it for a time. Now, Dr. Redewill believes in doing things (Continued on Page Five) flats and with small shops for the sale of food and other articles of ordinary household consumption. It is expected, too, that a large number of larger flats will be vacated within the next three months, for many families are not re newing their rent contracts, preferring to move into smaller quarters some because they have lost members in the war. many for reasons of economy. The number of empty flats and shops has now risen to such an extent that house-owners, it i.s estimated, are now receiving about $19,000,000 a year less in rentals than normally.