Newspaper Page Text
THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 8 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MOIiNINC, FEBRUARY 15, 1915 8 PAGES VOL. XXV. NO. 2G(J LEGISLATORS LISTEN TO. PEACE SERMON BY BISHOP J. W. AT WOOD Accept Invitation of Epis copal Prelate to Attend Divine Service Held in Commemoration of Cen tenary of Peace ADDRESS MOST SCHOLARLY ONE Reviews History Leading to Treaty of Ghent and Sub sequent Events in Which English-Speaking Peoples Continue at Peace Members of the state legislature, ac cepting the invitation of Rt. Rev. Julius W. Atwood, bishop of Arizona, attended morning services at Trinity Episcopal Pro-Cathedral yesterday and listened to an able and scholarly sermon by the bishop. It was the occasion of the general observance of the one hundredth anniversary of peace among English speaking peo ple, and a special peace centenary service had been arranged in com memoration of the event. ' Rev. Bertrand Cocks, archdeacon of the diocese, read the lessons, arid there was a most impressive musical program by the choir, under the di rection of William Conrad Mills. Par ticularly pleasing- was the special an them selection, "Let Us Have Peace," by Ball. Taking for his text: "The work of lighteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness Quietness nnd assurance forever," (Isaiah XXXII.), 17, Bishop Atwood said: "I would remind you who have as sembled here that some time ago at the suggestion, I believe, of the Pil grim Society, made up of distinguish ed representatives of both England nd America, it was decided to cele rrate in a fitting manner the cen tenary of peace between the two great English-speaking nations of the world. All the elaborate plans that were formed for a fitting cele bration have been disarranged and thrown into confusion by the events of the past summer, which have in volved Great Britain-In a life and death struggle on the battle fields of Europe. "It was later decided by the com mittee who had the matter in hand to ask the churches to commemorate in some way this hundredth anni versary of peace. "As a member of the American Committee appointed to represent Arizona, I em glad to welcome the representatives of this commonwealth who have come here today on a date that is significant for us in a two fold way, as it also commemorates the third anniversary of the achieve ment of statehood by this common wealth. "Today is not the one hundredth anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Ghent. That took place on Christmas Eve, 1814, but it was not until February 14, 1915, that the messenger bearing the news in those slow days of travel found his way in the final lap of his Journey through the mud-stained streets of Washing ton to the temporary home of Presi dent Madison, the White House hav ing been recently burned by the British army. It was an eventful meeting on this Christmas Eve almost two months earlier when the treaty of Ghent was signed by the commis sioners of Great Britain and the United States. Our own country was represented by John Quincy Adams, our" most trained diplomat, who had Already been a member of the Unit ed States senate, who had held var ious positions in the diplomatic ser vice abroad and who as the son of John Adams had been familiar with public life from boyhood. Later, as necretary of state under President Monroe, he was destined to become the author of what is known as the Monroe doctrine. Still later in life, he became, as you know, president, and closed his long and brilliant ca reer with many years in congress as the upholder of the right of peti tion and the defender of human free dom. He was a scholar as well as a. statesman, honest, patriotic, a Puritan, obstinate and irascible, dif ficult to get on with, cold and harsh in appearance and character. With remarkable force nd all of his Mine Tax Bill Up The house of tlie legislature only will be in aesslon today. The senate prolbulon bm wnk.h in observance ot Admission day will wftg recommenncd for passage by the devote itself Wholly to committee commttee of the whole, is liable to work. It Is not expected that the come at any time on third reading, house session will be filled with in- u is expected that it will pass but terest though the mine tax bill which it Is admitted that the vote for it on Saturday afternoon was sent to- at that stage will not be as large the committee of the whole may be as it received ' in the committee of brought out on Wednesday, though the whole. In' the legislative kaleid posslbly not until later in the week, oscnpe within the last few days sev Leadera of both sides of the mine eral new figures have been presented, tax controversy last night expressed It is announced that sometime this hope. Both were full of reasons why week developments will begin to oc fhev expected In the en to triumph cur that will hold the popular inter- - . .. A. ... l. 1a nf With BiripH cui were very mucu m " . - tu knoW nothing of the contents of RIGHT REVEREND JULIUS W. AT WOOD IV'.-,--! " V i Ik Episcopal Bishop of Arizona 'cific coast terminals, will not be so ability, he did not know how to deal nign as t0 enat)e jobbers thero to with men. compete successfully here with the "Another member of the conimis- ! man who buys his goods diiectly sion was Henry Clay; the very op-l,rom tlle ellstern factories. posite in disposition and interests of! "AhouKn the f"" "f th! d ,. . , , vision is not Vet available, it appears the pustere and northern Adams. No tlmt ,,ho(.nix Joljlera w, he ,.ne- man ,n public life nas ever been fitted by the new order," said Chair more deeply loved and followed than man F. A. Jones of the corporation this great son of Virginia and Ken- commission, in speaking of the dc tucky. Pleasure loving in these ear- : cision. "The reduction ir. existing her days of his public life, although 1 rates will not be as great as we ne had already served his country : wr;ul( have ukejt but it i3 a great more than , rice as speaker of the lleal h,ttPr than tllat tlie railroads house of representatives, the tedious wanted us to accept. When the order evenings of waiting in that old Bel-:Boes into effect our ratPa on com. gian city were largely spent by him modities included in Schedule C will in card playing and hard drinkine i . i i .,- and emousais mat mucn uis- turbed the peace of mind of his tlie peace austere associate. One of the most brilliant of our orators and states men, one of the most lovable of men, Clay was destined in his later career of many years in Ihe United States senate to serve his country with undying devotion and affection. He became the peacemaker between the opposing political factions of his countrymen, while Adams himself (hose him as his own,, secretary of state. Henry Clay , was a member of that great triumvirate of Ameri can statesmen in the middle of the last century with Webster and Cal houn as his colleagues and when he died there was hardly a dry eye in all of the United States from the barren field3 of New England to the sunlit lands of his own beloved south. "A third member of the commis sion' was Albert Gallatin; less known :il the nrpsent limi, tn hi riiiintri' men thai, the other two but the iiblest and most useful of the three in the securing of peace. Of foreign birth, a gentleman, courteous, famil iar with history and literature, at home in foreign courts both a demo crat and an aristocrat, an alien in many respects and yet an intense American patriot, he was able to weld together his inconsistencies in these respects. With wonderful per sistence, courage, patience and faith, he went on his course overcoming the ntagonisms of his colleagues, con quering the prejudices of the haughty (Continued on Page Four) TODAY IS THE DAY OF it Combining a sort of respectfulness for the state of Arizona, which is now quainted with the institutions of the m getting dynamite from the Giant three years old, with some thoughts city and with some of its best-known , powuer works and concealing it in about St. Valentine, . and finally a ' citizens. At 1:30 o'clock the new- San j,-ranel.seo until brought here, feeling of hospitality for the new-1 comers, together with the hosts, will; The district attorney was preoar comers into this realm, Phoenicians congregate at the chamler of com- ing to brinR evidence into court dur ui find themselves today in a fit merce, and will pile into automobiles ln tle McNamara trial, showing that mood to take part in the celebration of the holiday. All tho preparations are completed for the little ceremony by which late Coming Later In The Week the lap of the future. Anything oal until well nlnntr tou-.nlit the end .' wh": -. nnt . ...... , quite four weeks to run. t ' D FFEHENT1ALS OF BENEFIT 10 Decision of Interstate Com merce Commission in Inter-Mountain Rate Case Will Better Tariff Situa tion in Arizona PROTECTION FROM COAST COMPETITORS California Cities, Not Actual Steamship Terminals, Are Left High and Dry by Or der Rates to Southwest Somewhat Reduced Unless the railroads make a gen eral readjustment of rates from coast terminals to inter-mountain points, greatly reducing the charge on the "back haul," Phoenix and Arizona jobbers stand to profit by the decis ion of the interstate commerce com mission in the inter-mountain case. For, with the differentials prescribed in the commission ruling, rates on heavy commodities subject to water competition, while higher than to Pa- JOBBERS EOt " II Itl H I Itlll.V IV7MCI L ,irarili, ind will result in better protection from coast competition. Take, for in- ' .. ' . . , stance, the rate on heavy hardware, a commodity subject to water compe tition. A ."0-cent rate will probably apply on shipments to the coast. Thoj rate to Phoenix will be from 6." to K!i cents, according to whether the goods are shipped from Chicago or points farther east. But the flat rate of 5() cents to the coast, plus the rate of h:i cents lack haul, would make the cost $1.33 for the coast distrib utor to lay his goods down in Phoe nix. "Under the decision, towns near the coast that are not terminals, nppear to have been .left high and dry, and their relation, to the coast will be the same as before,? said Mr. Jones. "The commission's order allows the low rate only to - points where the Atlantic-Pacific steamships deliver their freight, so that Fresno, San tternar- j d,nu Sacramento, .and ev en Los An- geles, in order to take advantage of the new rate, will have to ship to San Pedro and pay the local back." Disappointment was rife among job bers in inter-mountain territory when the commissioned order was announc ed. Early dispatches seemed to indi cate that coast terminals and the mid dle west were to be the only parties benefitted by the decision. But, al though shipments to intermediate points will pay a charge of from 15 to 35 cents, according to point of ori- gin, tho freight on heavy commodi- (Continued on Page Two) arrivals in i-noenix will uecorne at- for a ride about the city, passing all the principal public buildings. At ociock tne utile lour win be iin - lsl1. Ll,e newsmen aim tneir guides win ne gatnereu at me statehouse for a short progam- of ad- tiresses, in wnicn uovernor Hunt, Speaker of the House W illiam E. Brooks and Chairman B. E. Marks of the Newcomers day committee, An- ! drew Downing and others will take j part. How a newcomer regards his pres- ent home is pretty well told in the following letter, received by) Secre tary Harry W elch of the chamber of commerce from .a man who signs himself merely, ".A Newcomer:" 'Phoerax Is all right; its resources are all right; you're all right: I'm all right; now boost!' "That placard has appeared in the windows of the business houses of Phoenix for the past two months, but we must all admit that the sentiment has not been given the support that .it ,i..rvi Vm,r nitin v, done all it possibly could to inspire confidence in our citizens, but the ' very men who should have been boosting have been the ones to com-! (Continued on Page Five) HUB III PH0E1 ! I ! AMERICANS ROBBED ! I BY YAQUI INDIANS i ON BOARD THE S. S. SAN j DIEGO, San Diego, Feb. 14. E. A. I Butter and J. E. Coiner, American j ! mining men, were stripped of all their clothing by fifieen Yaqms ! i and robbed of a bar of gold and I 300 pesos in the Sonura rnoiin- j ! tains, according to a report from ! the U. S. Gunboat Annapolis at I ' Guaymas. Butter and Colser were traveling in an automobile. They j were attacked between the vil- j lages of Ixncho and Jori. They reached Empalme on Friday night. ! The Indians are report d to have ! issued a decree ordering all Mex- j icans and foreigners from their ! I lands. Want Embargo On Exportation Of Our Wheat associated press dispatch NEW YORK, Feb. 14. An Immedi ate embargo on the exportation of wheat is recommended by the report of Mayor Mitchel's food committee headed by George W. Perkins, as a preventa tive of higher prices. Without the em bargo, the report says, wheat will go higher because farmers and specula tors are confident the foreign demand will continue while our surplus is ex hausted. Announcement of the embargo, it is said, would cause wheat now held to be marketed at the present or lower pric es. In six months there has been ex ported more wheat than in the pre ceding thirty months. "If the government doe not favor the embargo" the commute states, "those believing the European demand will continue will hold wheat for higher prices and our people will have to be prepared to pay a still larger price for bread." o OTTAWA IN DARKNESS Reported Aeroplanes Headed Towards Canadian Capital ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH OTTAWA, Feb. 14. Ottawa is in partial darkness tonight on account of the report that three aeroplanes were J south of the citv. The street lights . - tj K rAtiiiuiaiitru, toe prti iiiiiueiii vviii- dows shaded and Rideau Hall, the resi dence ot Governor General and those I of the Duchess of Connuught rrnd Priri i cess Patricia were darkened. For the ; first time in history the royal mint, , where the Dominion's gold is minted, is in darkness. The aeoplanes are reported to have crossed the St. Lawrence river, drop ping light balls and then beaded to wards Ottawa. BE TAKEK BACK TO LOS ANGELES Man Arrested in New York Saturday for Complicity in Dynamiting Plot Prob ably Soon Will Pace Jury in Coast Couit ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LOS ANGELES. Feb. 14. Officers will leave for New York tomorrow and District Attorney Woolwine will follow with requisition papers for M. A. Schmidt, captured in New York on Saturday. Schmidt is under in dictment for murder and conspiracy here in conection with the dynamiting of the Los Angeles Times building on October 1, 1910, for which James P.. McNamara is serving a life sentence. Schmidt is alleged to have assisted Schmidt was in Los Angeles when the McNamara brothers pleaded guilty- 'james B. to the Times plot and John h. to dynamiting the Llewellyn Iron -works here, for which he is serving fourteen years. The arrest of Schmidt, after the conviction of the McXamaras, leaves onj, pavid Caplin free. Often it has been reported that he is dead. Ho is supposed to have been drowned in i Puget Sound, but there were similar . reports about Schmidt. COMPLIMENT TO FRENCH ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Feb. 14. In compliment ' to the XilT numbers of French and Belgians now in England, some of 1 the London theaters are printing Posters in French. Other theaters in their advertising, indicate the time of the performances according to the "ti"t:ll method of reckoning the hours fm one to twenty-four o'clock. One theater, for example, o nrw,,,noc in o liil i r, ,, n 1 l,ill tViil - r ine dox oince is open irom in to 10" and "de 10 a 22 heurs" and later I states that the curtain rises at "20 heures;" SCHMIDT WIN LOOK FOB 010 EASTP Two Engagements Have Al-I ready Begun or Are Kx-j pectcd Soon to Coin-; -t n- i e ' mence on Kussian Mtie 01 the Frontier KUSSIAN FORCES HAVE WITHDRAWN In the Face of the Superior Forces of the (Sermans and Austria ns, Russians Forced to Concentrate Their Lines ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Feb. 14. Two big battles have already been begun or it is be lieved soon will be, on the Rutision side of the East Prussian frontier, on tbe river Sereth within Bukowina. Rus sian forces have withdrawn both in East Prussia and in Bukowina in the face of the superior German and Aus trian armies in order to concentrate closer their lines of communication. Official reports refer briefly to oper ations at these two extremes o the eastern front, but reports indicate the Russians have already reached the lilies where Grand Duke Nicholas in tends to give battle. The remainder of the eastern campaign including fighting in the Carpathians which bad w-eatlier hampers, is overshadowed by these greater events on which both sides are staking much. Germans claim a big victory over the" Russians in East Prussia. The Austri ans announce the Russian retirement from liukomina with elation, but Pet rograd is without misgivings. In the west there i a continuation of the artillery engagements and Rheims is again suffering. Both sides claim success of infantry attacks at various points. Unofficial reports that the French are bombarding St. Mihiel on the 5leu se( long held by the flermans, indicate the French have advanced. In Egypt, the Caucasus and Mesopatamia there is nothing reported. Naval operations have been halted by bad weather, the heavy seas wrecking ships and damaging ports off the Eng lish coast. David Lloyd George, chan cellor of the exchequer will make a statement to parliament tomorrow on the financial arrangements between Great Britain, France and Russia and Winston Spencer Churchill, first lord of the admiralty xv ill review the naval situation. Debate on the increased cost of living will he continued later in the week responding to a number of meet ings held throughout the country. A large force of Albanians has crossed the Serbian frontier into the department of Prisrend forcing the Serbian troops and local authorities to withdraw according to a Renter dis patch. Tile Albanians are continuing their advance. Surprised in Badautz BERLIN. Feb. 14. Austro-Hungari-ans entered the town of Badautz in Bukowina no unexpected that all mem bers of the Russian staff were captured according to the Budapest Daily Azest. The commanding Russian general is said to have committed suicide. o . WEATHER TODAY WASHINGTON, u. C. Arizona: Fair. Feb. 14. For "When affairs subside in Europe, tlie foreign nations will force the United States to establish a protectorate - in Mexico or they will take matters in ' their own hands," prophesied Mrs. ' Harry Jackson in discussing the Mexi can situation yesterday. j For seventeen years Dr. Jackson, a noted physician and writer, his wife who is a daughter of Arizona's first delegate to congress. Grant Oury and their family made their home in Mex ico and only recently took up their res- ! idence in El Paso iffter experiencing rhe two terrible sieges of Durango. The palatial home, the business block, the ranch, were left in charge of friends who remained behind for as Mrs. Jack son says, "foreign property has not been confiscated yet." Dr. and Mrs. Jackson have had the diKtinction of entertaining the largest house party on record. Their guests numbered one hundred and five and while all were not invited they never theless were made welcome. "It was during the last siege of. Durango that we housed mure thmi one hundred for one month, over half the number stay ing Willi us another thirty days while sixteen remained after our departure. It may not have been hospitable our leaving but after what we had been through ceremony played no part," said Mrs. Jackson as she recalled her feeling of terror as she heard the heavy firing and the general alarm that called the town defenders to the assistance of the federals. BATHES SAYS EUROPE WILE FORCE P THREE PROJECTS ARE REPRESENTED IN THE 0. AND U. CONFERENCE "SWAGGERING YANKEES SOON CALM DOWN" BERLIN, Feb. II. The tone of newspapers commenting on the American note relathe to the German war zone continues gen erally firm, but friendly, with some dissenting, who attack the American attitude. 'When some thing does not suit the Yankees," says Die Post, "they are accus tomed to adopt a threatening, frightful sabre-rattling tone, but if the person threatened is not scared, the swaggering Yankees calm themselves and soon quiet down." l i I I ! First Chief Addresses Word! to All tin: World AIlDeal-i ings With His (iovern nient Must Pass Through; Him ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Feb. 14. General Carranza, as first chief, has notified the world that all communications to his government must pass through him even if addressed to other offir cials. The order apparently makes impossible all diplomatic relations with Carranza, except by going to Vera Cruz. The diplomats have hesi tated to go because it might be con strued as recognition of his faction. Already, most of the diplomats in Mexico City have asked their govern ments for permission to leave when the .situation beeom- intolerable, and some of them have been advised to use their own discretion. The order may also affect American consular representatives who have previously deait with the defacto government. Although eight censors are on duty at Vera Cruz to prevent reports un favorable to Carranza, it is learned that barely courteous relations are be ing maintained between Carranza and the Spanish and British consuls who have incurred his displeasure because of the frequency of their protests against unjust aggression in foreign property. While officials are reticent on tho American course, the treatment of for eigners in Mexico, and the' food fam ine in Mexico City, the plight of the diplomatic corps there has given the administration much concern. o NEW FOOTBALL TROPHY ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Feb. 14. Lawrence Cot ton, one of the "Magnates" of pro- , fessional football in England, has i presented ;v huge silver cup which is ; to be competed for as a" trophy by twelve football teams recently or- ' ganized by twelve teams from regi- 1 ments at the front in France. After '. the war, the cup will be subject to j annual challenge from British mili- j tary teams. III HP She told of the months that followed ; when the constitutionalists gave the I residents a veritable reign of terror. "Three thousand barrels of tequila, the native wine were confiscated and ( 20,000 drunken soldiers led by General i Urbina. a man who had been In the penitentiary, destroyed property and in their ruthless disorder killed one of their own colonels who tried to enforce discipline. The town was looted by the revolutionists. They literally swept CABRANZA SAYS MUST SEE EVERY COflUHATl To Promote Continuance Of Peace With The Japanese 1A8S0CIATEU PRESS DISPATCH TOKIO, Feb. 14. Looking to the! preservation and promotion of friend ship between Japan and the United ' States, a committee of prominent Jap-' anese is to meet a committee of ' Americans to discuss the relations be- tween the two countries. The mov--! ment was started on December 17 last year when, as already cabled, the American Peace Society of Japan at its annual meeting voted to name a : . body of fifteen American residents in Japan to investigate and prepare a j statement on the various questions existing between the two nations. The (thought behind the project, which has f Members of Service De- j pai'tnieiits of Strawberry, j ' Utah; Yuma and Salt i River, Arizona, Projects j ; Take Part O'DONNFLIj to (JIVE ADDRESS Three Sessions for Discus sion of Water Service Problems, One Being Open for Farmers Ban quet This Evening Representatives of the operation and maintenance departments of three of the greatest reclamation project--, will gather ir. Phoenix today for an im portant conference on problems that face the administrators of distributing systems. Three sessions will be re quired for the transaction of all the business that is coming before the ir rigators. Supervisor of Irrigation I. D. O'Doimeil. chief of the department of' operation and maintenance of the rec lamation service and a member of the commission, will himself attend all the meetings. Delegates will be present from Yuma, strawberry and Salt River pn ijectH. At the third session, which will be held tomorrow afternoon, Mr. O'Donnell will speak to the farmers of the valley on his favorite topic, which is "Farm ing". This will be the one open meet ing of the three, and all are invited to attend it. All the meetings will be held in the basement of the Water Users' Association. A feature of the conference will be the banquet given tonight by the em ployes of the local reclamation service in honor of Frank W. Hanna, the retir ing supervising engineer, Oro McDer mith, who is leaving the department of operation and maintenance on this pro ject to inter construction work on the Elephant Butte dam, and for Mr. o'Donnell. The affair will be given at the Hotel Adams at eight o'clock this evening. The formal program is as follows: Monday Afternoon, February 15 Meeting of representatives of water users' I'ssociations, private canal com panies and reclamation (service. 1. operation of irrigation canals: a ) Units of water measurement, lb) Methods of measuring water. (vi Meter measuring devices. (d) Methods of water delivery. ie Small vs. large irrigation heads. (II Running water for stock and other purposes out of regular operating season. (g) Operation of lateral systems by water users. 1. Return flow from irrigation. 3. Seepage and methods of preven tion. Tuesday Forenoon, Febrary 16 Meeting of representatives of Water Users' Assoi iations, private canal com panies And reclamation service. 1. Maintenance of irrigation canals: a) Priming new canals. ib) Puddling of canal prisms. ie Protection of canal banks from erosion. (d) Keeping canal banks free from weeds. (e) Extermination of burrowing ani mals. f) Cleaning canals of silt, (g) Renewing wooden canal struc tures. 2. Construction and maintenance of drains. 3. Operation and maintenance charg es under reclamation extension act. 4. Private farm surveys for water right applications. Tuesday Afternoon, February 16 General meeting, including farmers. 1. Talk on farming by I. D. O'Don nell, supervisor of irrigation. 2. Markets f' crops. 3. Loans for livestock feeding. 4. Farmers' co-operative organiza , tions. the vaults of the banks with brooms, pianos made kindling for fires, in fact 2S big shops were burned. "In the meantime I found myself hostess of a large and interesting house party" laughed Mrs. Jackson who has not lost her sense of humor because of hardships. "Stealthily they came and if they did not have all the comforfs of home they found themselves at least behind well barricaded doors and win dows. There were sixteen servants and fourteen babies, men and women, old Continued on Page Three) now been taken up by the Japanese, is that Japan has no intention to make war on the United States and that the United States has no idea of making war on Japan. However, it is deemed imperative to discuss the existing problems frankly and fully, and if possible suggest means of re moving all misunderstandings. As president of the Japan Peace society. Count Okuma, the prime min ister, has named a committee to meet with the Americans. The list Is not complete as yet but includes Baron Saketani, mayor of Tokio; Baron Shi busawa. Dr. Nitobe, Dr. Soyeda, Vis count Kaueko and others.