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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN,
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 20, 1913 10 PAGES .VOL. XXV. NO. 271 DRACHMAN.DRY BILL REVIVED; TAX BODY MAY BE ABOLISHED Motion to Postpone Indefi nitely Reconsidered by Predicted Line-up Vote ; Not Indication of Real Sentiment JONES SAYS CAN "CAN THE COMISH" Senate Starts Consideration of Several Good Roads Bills Manv Measures Get Started Through the House Channels The thing that The Republican pre dicted might happen, did happen in the senate yesterday afternoon when the vote by which the Drachman pro hibition bill had been indefinitely postponed the day before was recon sidered by a vote of 16 to 3, showing a miraculous swerving of sentiment in twenty-four hours. Mr. Goldwater, an enemy of the bill,! bad given notice that he would move ! for a reconsideration, the object be ing to clinch the matter. But he was inclined later to let. sleeping dogs lie, and refused to make the motions, in spite of the nagging of Mr. Drach man. Mr. Webb then offered the mo tion, and it was adopted. The vote, however, is not significant of a real change of sentiment with respect to the bill which, it may be said, in its present form, has not as much chance of passing the senate as the Powers bill had of passing the house, and that was no chance at all. But the senate seems inclined to act upon a modified form of the bill. Abolition of the Tax Commission It was a day of bickering in the senate, though it was mostly good natured. Never before in one day had so many questions come up on which there were serious differences of opinion. Nearly all the time was spent in the committee of the whole. The first matter brought up was Sta pley's bill. No. 48, for the abolition of the tax commission. Prefacing its con sideration, Mr. Stapley presented the following opinion from Attorney Gen eral Jones: "In responding to your request of the 15th inst., asking my opinion upon Senate Bill No. 48, and particularly that portion "thereof relative to the abolishment of the tax commission, I have the honor to state: "The tax commission was created by legislative act and not by the state constitution, and it has been a long-established rule In America, sus tained by a long line of decisions of state courts and of the United States courts, that an office created by an act of the legislature may be abolished in like manner, and the term may be shortened by general legislation in the absence of any spe cial provision of the constitution for- oiuuing n. mere is nothing in our state constitution forbidding the pas sage of an act abolishing such ocm mission. "However, you ask another ques tion which Is not a 'question of law relating to the functions of the legis lature,' that is to your respective of fices,' as expressed in the law requir ing my opinion. That question is in respect to the liability of the state for the salaries of the tax commis sioners if Senate Bill No. 4S becomes a law, and Is to be directed to the courts of the state, and is 'a question of law relating to their respective effices, that is, the offices of the courts of the state. You can readily understand how difficult it would be for me, at this time, to predict or anticipate officially what will be the decision of the courts of the state upon such a serious question pre sented to them. In the states of Flor ida and Colorado, and some other states, there are provisions of law, whereby such a question can he pro liounded by the legislature direct to the supreme court of the state, be cause the supreme jcourt is the final arbiter that passes upon such ques tion, but Arizona has no such provis ion; neither does It impose upon my ofifco such a responsibility. I will state, with all frankness, however, to your honorable body, that our of fice has made a thorough examination of the subject during the limited time you have given us, and we are pre pared to urge to the utmost. If the question reaches this office after your adjournment, that the state Is not liable for such salaries after the of fice is terminated. However, we do not assume responsibility for assur ing positively what the holding would be by the supreme court of the state. We cannot possibly do so out of def erence to that great department of our state government." Mr. Stanley then moved that the committee recommend the passage of the bill. Mr. Colter raised an objec tion, saying that the offices had been created by law and the members had run for them In good faith. The legislature would not be acting in good faith if it should now abolish the commission. Mr. Claridge de clared that it would be better to abolish the corporation commission. He opened the political pepper-pot by the statement that there seemed to be a purpose to abolish all boards on which there were republicans. It was proposed to abolish the board of conlrol with Its citizen member, nn (Continued on Page Seven) i IMENTO, SLAYER OF TWO, DIES OF WOUNDS SEATLE, Fel). 19. Richard Imento, a crippled section hand, who shot and killed Charles Dreyden and R. E. Pattnn, in the Northern Pacific claim office, died from his wounds inflicted by the policemen. Board Opens Way For Onslaught On New Pension Law Approving two applications for re lief under the old age and mother's pension law, the board of control yes terday opened the way for an attack on one of the most drastic measures ever adopted in this state, anil final j determination by the supreme court as;foreign office has disclaimed the to whether the law is constitutional, And, almost immediately after the (neutral flags by British vessels, in a board's action became known, it was note issued replying to American rep announced that steps would be taken ' resentations concerning the use of by the taxpayers' annotation of the jthe American flag. The note says Mate to test the measure in the courts, jthe Lusitania hoisted the American At a special meeting of the board t flag on a recent voyage from New held yesterday afternoon, the applica- York to Liverpool "to save the lives tion of Gus Wolf of Gila county for rc- Of non-combatants, its crew and lief under the old age provision of the passengers." It says that despite the law was considered, and aproved for fact American passengers on the re the payment of a pension of $15 per turn voyage requested the American month. At the same time the prayer, flag be hoisted the government which or Mrs. Catherine Bramham of the!(lid tot advise how to meet the emer same county for a monthly pension of gency. understood that the steamer $15 for herself, and $6 for each of herjflew the British flag. The note in six children was taken up and ap-lsists the enemy ought to ascertain proved. Both applications had been jthe nationality of a vessel before at approved by the board of supervisors ; tacking and therefore it is responsi (Continued on Page Seven) E CABINET FEELS Hampers to American Yes- ... 1, "1 y. 7 ftcis v uiue up Jin liCiiuiv OUTLOOK DlSCUSSlOll GerniailV S;tral lw s caused by disregarding Reply Anxiously Awaited bv All associated press dispatch WASHINGTON, Feh. 19. The pres ident and cabinet discussed at length dangers to American vessels and com merce glowing out of the reiterated determination of the German govern ment to wage a warfare of subma rines and mines on enemy vessels and disclaiming all responsibility for what might happen to neutral vessels ven- i tunng in the new sea zone of war. (,f trie United States feels a certain A canvas of cabinet officers later (anxiety in considering the possibility disclosed that the administration re-.0f any general use of the flag of the garded the developments of the last United States by British vessels tra few days as of grave importance, versing these waters since the effect Members of the cabinet declined to j of such a policy might iie to bring predict what might be the course of 'about a menace to the lives and ves the United States. Some pointed out gels of United States citizens, that in every serious situation of in- "It was understood that the German ternational affairs much discretion is government announced their intention vested in the president, and that his action would necessarily be guided hy the circumstances of each case if any attacks on American vessels occurred. Offiially the United States had not received from Ambassador Gerard up to late tonight the text of the Ger- many reply to the American note, and until it is received no decision will lie announced as to the administration's (Continued on Page Three) ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Feb. 19.--As yet Great Britain has not definitely announced her promised retaliatory measures ag ainst the German submarine blockade which has now been in force two days and which so far has resulted in the torpedoeing by German submarines of three vessels, the French steamer Di BRITAIN IKES HO MOVE AS YET AGAINST SEA BLOCKADE norah off Dieppe, the Norweigian tank I mm'h. progress, although the Russians steamer Belridge near Folkestone and i announce they have repulsed numerous the steamer Nordkvn in the Baltic sea. Austro-German attacks and military The Nordkvn sank and the other two i mpn are of the opinion the Austro m,H. rrt ' come Danish1 vessels were ! Germans did not leave enough men in unable to sail yesterday owing to the the Carpathians when they sent the refusal of the crews to move them from ' reinforcements which assisted in driv h.rUr Thi. iv. overcome todav. I lnK the Russians out of Bulkowina, was and most of the Dutch lines also re sumed their schedules under the gov ernment's insurance scheme. Fighting in the west consisted large ly of attacks by the Germans in their efforts to recover the trenches lost dur ing the allies offensive work last Tues day and Wednesday. The Germans claim these attacks were successful. but British and French reports say all the ground gained has been consoli dated by them. The German army which drove the Russians out of East Prussia has oc cupied the Russian town of Tauroggen "ri the East Prussian frontier north of the Niemen river, but elsewhere in this ra ARE TO BLAME Says British Reply to the American Protest on In discriminate Use of Stars and Stripes on Merchant Ships CITES NATIONS' WAR-TIM I POLICY Full Obligation to -Protect Neutral Commerce Lies With Belligerents Lusi tania Incident Hauled Up A train f ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH! LONDON, Feb. . The British tention generally to advise the use of ble if it sinks a neutral vessel think ing it a belligerent disguised. "The British government has no in tention." the note says, "nf advising their merchant shipping to use for eign flags as a general practice or to resort to them otherwise than to escape capture or destruction. The obligation of belligerent warships to determine definitely the nationality of a merchant vessel before capturing and certainly before sinking or de stroying H is universally recognized If that obligation Is fulfilled, hoisting a neutral flag on a British vessel can endanger neutral snipping. The piitish KOVrrnm(.nt ,,,,, lf a nP this obligation the full responsibility rests upon the attacking vessel, and the government issuing such orders." The following is the text of the re ply of Great Britain to the American note a.s. handed to Waiter I lines Page, the American ambassador, today: "The memorandum communicated on the eleventh of February calls at tention in courteous and friendly terms to the action of the captain of toe British steamship Lusitania in raising the flag of the I'nited States of America when approaching British v.-aters ind says that the government of sinking British merchant vessels at sight by torpedoes, without giving any opportunity or making any pro vision for the saving of the lives of non-combatant crews and passengers. It was in consequence of this threat that the Lusitania raised the United i stales flag on her inward voyage, "On her subsequent outward voyage a request was made by United States (Continued on Page Three) region the Germans have apparently halted on the arrival of Russian rein forcements. This is evidenced by the fact that for three days now, official reports have referred to fighting as taking place in the Augustowo district, in the vicinity of Plock, on the right bank of the lower Vistula. In the Carpathians neither side has been able to make and that if they are defeated in the mountain passes they may find them selves in a very difficult position. The Russians have apparently mac an orderly retreat through Bulkowina, although severely harrassed while making their way through difficult mountain passes in the deep snow. A Vienna report received through Rome says reinforcements have reach ed the Russians, that a big battle is expected between Nadworna and Ko lomoa. In addition to two German airships wrecked off the Danish coast Wednes day or Thursday, It is now reported (Continued cn Page Two) THUNDER OF EXPOSITION'S OWNING TODAY ! President Presses Button, Machinery of Greatest Modern World Fair Starts at San Francisco This; Morning associated press dispatch SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. l'j. In tcad of the lone sunrise gun that brings in othei days of the year. dawn tomorrow in San Francisco will he acclaimed hy salvos of artillery from the batteries on both sides of the Golden Gal and from the war- hips at anchor in tne bay. Five minutes later twenty drum corps will roil and swagger through the streets. shrilling to all the town a call to rise nd welcome the opening of the Panama-Pacific International Expo sition. President Wilson will send by wire less the vivifying spark that is to energize the exposition, but since he annot he here in person, it has been arranged that the people them selves shall .enter upon their own- ) ership in their own way. There is to be a parade, of course. 1)111 It in t,i 1,1, il .'i,-:l,li liL'f, ,w, I ether a parade as nearly as possible i : I Frederick J. V. Skiff, Director In Chief Panama-Pacific Exposition. without spectators. If all the city were to march and none were left to watch, then the directors would pronounce it perfect. By tens of thousands, in societies Harry Chandler and Manyj Big Chaps Accused of Or ganizing Army in South-j ern California for Use in Mexico ! ASSOCIATED I'RESS dispatch BOS ANGEI.KS, Feb. 19. Harry Chandler, millionaire land owner, and son-in-law of General Harrison Grey Otis, owner of the Times, was in dicted by the federal grand jury o a chatge of conspiring to violate the neutrality of the I'nited States, H and live others were indicted, it is leclared in the indictment to have recruited soldiers in the I nlteu States to serve in Bower California. Chandler declared tonight he knew :f no iolation of the neutrality laws, He said he did pay money to :v;e- icans, but lor taxes. The other defendants are baltazar Aviles. former governor ot liOwei California; B J. VUjoen, former t,oer rmy commander; Walter Bowker, general manager of the Coiirornia-. Mexico Band and Cattle company s nch on the border; Charles Guz man, realty agent; oeioiiimo San doval and Francisco Ayon. The cat tle company is owned largely by Chandler and Otis, and has large holdings in Bower California. Agents of the department of justice said in return for the work of this armed expedition, which they declared was planned to overrun Bower Calilornic. certain cuttle companies were to be allowed to bring cattle in. and out Mexican territory without the payment of export or import duties. Guzman is the only one of the in dicted men in jail. Ail the others are out on bonds. The indict mnet charges that the history of the conspiracy is as fol lows : That hist December 1, the indicted men conspired to commit the offense of hiring and retaining others to go into Lower California as soldiers, and on December 10 it is charged Aviles employed .Manuel Brassel and .1. N. Fernandez to go from San Diego to Kl Centro, where they arranged n place to collect arms and ammuni tion and a rendezvous for soldiers. Aviles, Viljoen and Chandler met in Los Angeles on December 15 according to the indictment and dis cussed plans for the purchase of arms and equipment and on Decem ber 21, Aviles and Viljoen are al- (Continued on Page Four.) a warn A NFilTRALlTY CPA&MAI W I A uumiurtL in la CANNON TO M President C. C. Moore, Panama-Pacific International Exposition. and fraternities, i civic, neighbor organizations, the hofl(1 ani, 0Msin,.SH iJe''' have enrolled. As they ap- proaca the entrance to the con Jewels, there .course the Tower of I will be assembling in ! buiding at 9 o'clock 1 and vice-president of the California J the president the exposition, I the directors. the state exposition commission, the National exposition I commission, the woman's board, rep I resentatives of the army and navy. j directors of divisions, chiefs of ile- partnients, heads of bureaus, ami j others. I There will march down the aven- ue of palms, escorted by exposition i guards, I'nited States marines and the exposition hand, to the temporary grandstand erected in front of the Tower of Jewels. As they take their places, Governor Johnson of Cali fornia. .Mavor Robih of San Krancis- ! r i ;inil n!h-r ,ffii-r nf th stMte and city will enter the grounds at the head of the citizens' procession. The citizens will assemble in the concourse, while the Kovornor, mayor and their parties pass through a lane of soldiers and marines to the stand, where the president and directors jf the exposition will ieceive them. Five minutes later, the dedicatory ceremonies, us simple and brief as they can lc made, will begin, at 10 a. m. Invocations and a benediction vt ill lie pronounced by clergymen rep resenting the Riimnn Catholic, the Protestant and Jewish faiths. Ad- (Continued on Page Two) ROOSEVELT RESERVOIR THREE-QUARTERS FULL I i i With the arrival at the intake j yesterday morning of the end of i a six thousand acre foot gain, the j Ro-tsevelt reservoir went over the MMi.iimi mark in fact, it register- i ed exactly a hundred thousand acre j feet more than the previous high j water record of 1M2. 1 Yesterday's rain an officious j little shower that just sneaked over the hi' left prospects of anoth- er welcome increase in the stored ! water supply. ELWOOD MEAD THIRD MEIER fJF CENTRAL COS! REVIEW BOARD Elwooil tion law. Mead, lecturer , Unhersitv of on lrnga- California, and fine of the first and most, noted engineers to study reclamation in America, has been named by Secre- i tary of the Interior I-uie as the third member of the central coast review hoard, for hearing the reports of the investigating boards on the projects and fixing the to-be-assessed charges. This information was received in a wire from Washington yesterday morning to otiiciais or tne water users and reclamtaion senile here. Beside being one of America's fore most irrigation experts, Mr. .Mead is picturesque figure in international engineering. Alter Having 1 een state engiii"er of Wyoming and one of the earliest students of irrigation in the United States, he went to the sLate of Victoria, Australia, where he was placed in charge of the entire irriga tion construction and administration work there. It was no small part that the American played in the develop ment of the really splendid system of Victoria, and upon his departure for 'America, at the em1 of several .years' service, he was warmly re gretted by both the authorities and the people, for whose benefit Eng land's colony had done such wonder ful reclamation work. Both the department of agriculture and geological survey have known Mr. Mead's efficient services. His appoint ment will be received with general satisfaction here, and the belief is strong that a better man could not have been secured for the place. He will serve with Supervisor of Irrigation I.. D. O'Dor.nell and Gen. William Marshall, consulting en gineer and advisor to the secretary of the interior. Weathar Today f ASSOCIATED PRKSS DISPATCH WASHINGTON. Fell, in. For Ari zona: Snow north, cloudy south. i GREET S,i antic-Pacific RuSp Waves Will Open Exposition (Special Wireless to Republican) SAN FP.ANC1SCO, Feb. lit. The Panama Pacific International Exposf tion is to be started by radio, the Ca lifornia apparatus to be used through out. When President Woodrow Wilson presses a button at the White House at noon today, lie will complete an el ectric circuit over a telephone line to the radio leleirranhic station now being operated hy the I'nited States Navy ! Department at Tuckerton, N. J. This will automotically work the relay key in Tuckerton station and instantly powerful electric waves generated by Federal Telegraph Company radio ap paratus will be started from the im mense aerials of this plant reaching S45 feet in the air on their long jour ney of over 3rfio miles across the Am erican continent, over the great plains of tile middle west, the Rock Moun tains and the Sierras, until finally they leach San Francisco. The wireless waves will be received ;:t tile fair grounds on two long an tennae wires stretched from the Tower of Jewels, aproximatcly four hundred leet in the air. From these the elec tric current will be conveyed by in sulated wires to the extremely deli cate receiving aparatus located in the grand stand in a special booth near the speakers platform. At this point a very sensitive electric instrument which operates on one-ten millionths of an ampere will be actuated by the wireless current. This will cause a second relay quite similar to the tele graph relay to operate and this in its turn will send electric currents throughout the exposition grounds to the machinery hall where the main door will be opened and to the Foun tain of Energy which will begin to play. A great number of bombs will also be exploded. This is the first exposition to be opened by radio and it is especially noteworthy that it is pescible to open the Panama Pacific International Ex position with wireless waves which have travelled from the Atlantic to the Pacific by apparatus' manufactured in California. During November and De cember 11114 a long series of experi ments from the Atlantic to the Paci fic coast during which messages were even sent as far as Honolulu proved the possibility of opening the fair by radio at this distance. Ninety Million a Day for Eleven Days Must Be Ap propriated if Budget is to J5e Finished No Extra Session associatfo press dispatch WASHINGTON, Feb. 19. Confront ed by the necessity of appropriating ninety million dollars a day for the next eleven legislative days, congress settled down to hurry through meas ures which will supply the billion dol lars needed to run the government during the next fiscal year. In the senate the entire day was devoted to i the thirty nine million legislative, exe- cutive and judicial apropriation bill. The house passed the pension bill. ( Continued on Page Four) son Wilhelmina Must Take Its Course Through Prize Court ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Feb. 19. The British gov ernment announced the cargo of the American steamer Wilhelmina will be held to the prize court, indicating a disposition to regard foodstuffs for Germany as contraband and foresha dowing other reprisals. Sir Edward Grey, British foreign secretary in mak ing the announcement, says this posi tion is taken since the neutrals are aparently unable to compel Germany to abandon her present methods of war fare and says he expects the neutrals not to challenge such a course. Republicans To Name Mann Again As Minority Leader ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH! WASHINGTON, Feb. 19 The Re publicans of the house determined to defer their minority reorganization until Thursday night preceding the first session of the next congress. In a conference held to discuss plans Representative Mann was generally leferred to as his own successor as minority leader. The caucus rule was discussed and Cooper of Wisconsin protested ALLER BALKS AT TESTIFYING Manager of Pacific das & Electric Company an Un willing Witness at Hear ing of Charges Against City Manager Parish OBDETiLINESS OF SESSION MABRED Tilts Between Counsel and Between Commissioners Lends Spice to Session in Which Effort Made to Show Many Things Contrasted with the suave qites toining of attorneys and the good natured tolerance of witnesses mark ing Thursday's sessions of the hear ing into the charges against City Manager W. A. Farish, yesterday's session was stormy to say the least. In Manager H. L. Aller, of the Pa cific Gas and Electric company, was found an unwilling witness, one who asked to be excused from testifying and one who notified the commis sion and counsel before being sworn that he would likely find occasion to refrain from answering questions that might be put to him by either side. That as manager of a public serv ice corporation his relations with the I city administration must necessarily be close, not only as concerns the present officials but those chosen in the future to represent the city gov- I einment, atid that for this reason he greatly desired to be excused from questionings, was set forth by Man ager Aller before taking the stand. "We do not expect to ask Mr. Al ler any questions relating to the con tract finally executed as between his company and the city of Phoenix." announced Judge Sloan, attorney for the proponents of the charges. "We simply want to get at the facts con cerning a tentative contract submit ed by Manager Farish to the com mission with a recommendation that it he adopted, a tentative contract embracing a clause obligating the city in abrogating the contract at the end of four years to purchase from the Pacific Gas and Electric company, certain transmission lines and other equipment utilized in street lighting." Commissioner Foley took occasion to say that he believed the contract as fully executed was a good one and that the commission was fully awarn of the negotiations leading up to its adoption. He was of the opinion that Manager Aller was simply a second party as far as the contract was concerned and that there was no need of placing him on the stand. "This commission has nothing to conceal," interrupted Commissioner Wood." and as far as I am con cerned I want all the facts brought out. I don't think Mr. Aller should have any fear of the questions that will be put to him." Attorney Alexander of counsel for Manager Farish said there was little reed of putting Mr. Aller on the stand; that he would have no objec tion to his taking the stand and none if he were excused. "The commission is thoroughly con versant with the contract." said Mr. Foley, "and Mr. Aller simply acted as the agent for the company." "We charge." said Attorney Sloan, "that Mr. Farish recommended a contract that was not nearly as good as that finally adopted. That is n'.i we wish to bring out. We are not at- (Continued on Page Four.) The note after reviewing the German method says "If therefore, his ma jesty's government should hereafter teel constrained to declare foodstuffs absolute contraband or to take other measures for interfering with German trade by reprisals, they confidently ex pect such action will not he challenge!1! by neutral states, or by appeals to the? laws and usages of war whose validity rests upon a system of international doctrines which the enemy frankly boasts it intends to disregard so long as neutrals cannot compel Germany to (Continued on Page Four) against the use of the word "caucus'' in connection with meetings of re publican members, asserting the day of secret caucuses had passed. This drew from Mann a remark that the time might come "when we may have to bring to bear all the binding force we can." At Mann's suggestion the question of whether they should be caucuses or "open air meetings' was left to be decided at the reorganization meeting.