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PAGE FOUR THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 27, 1915 1 i Arizona Republican's Editorial Page r lfl I P I I --. m pa. I The Arizona Republican Published by ARIZONA l'UULISlllNd COMPANY. liwlght H. Heard President and Manager L'linrlea A. Staulfer. Huslness fluri-ger tlartli VV Cate... Assistant Musliieiui Manager j. w. Sefir Kdllor The only Morning paper Published In I'hoenix. hxi'luxive Morning Associated Press Dispatches. t. j I A.l-,...,. Utrunlu Entered ut tin; Postollke at I'hoenix. Arizona, an Mall Matter of thi! Second I'lass. Bold. K. Ward, Representative, New York Office, Brunswick building. Chicago orflce, Advertl-liuc Halloing. Address ali communications to THK AtUiSUNA HE l'llHl.H.'AN. Phoenix, Arizona. Business Office City Kditor. TKI.KPHONKS: ....422 AU Ml' KMi'ltl I'Tll )N KATES: I'ally, one month, in advance Daily, three months, in advance lialiy, mix months, in advance Daily, one year, jn advance.. Kiind'iya only, hy mail .llL. .75 2.0U 40 8.00 2.60 .SATl'KDAY MiillXIX.? 1 KHUUAKY 27, 1915 Tin- i'Xf-css of sentiment, which is misleading in ihilanthvojy and eco nomics, utows acutely dangerous when it interferes with legislation, or with the' ordinary rulings of mor alitv. Agues Uopplier. An Almshouse is an Almshouse it is not inopportune, to remind the gentlemen i,f the house of representatives that an almshouse by any other name would smell as sweet !.'othing is to t.e gained by an attempted evasion of the initiated old age and mothers' pension law. It must be sipiarely met as the senate has tried to meet it, nr. since the question of the validity of the initiated law has already been brought into the courts, it might as profitably be ignored. The house would provide for the relief of indi gents not eligible to r.lief under the- old age and n. others' pension law which, though doubtless in tended to relieve all indigents, excluded a majority of them from relief. The house would leave the care of the excluded indigents to the devices of the boanls of supervisors, who may grant pensions or may establish places where they may be maintained; only, such places ale not to be called almshouses, for almshouses have been interdicted by the old age and loot hers' pension law, which has ordered them to be abolished. An almshouse, whatever the legis lature may call it, in what a recognized dictionary says it is. We have never called our county hospitals alms houses, but lliey were nothing else. That is what they weie understood to be by the franiers of the old age and mothers' pension law, and that under standing has not been questioned. The o.ily ques tions are whether the initiated law la valid, and whether, if so, the legislature is prohibited by the untl-repeal or anti-amending' amendment to the con stitution from repealing or amending it. That amendment protects, against amendment or repeal by the legislature, initiated measures which have been adopted by a majority of the electors. This initialed law received a majority of the votes cast on that proposition, but not a majority of the otes of ail the electors of the Hlate, or of those who attended the election at which tins law was passed. But if the senate could not repeal or amend the old age and mothers' pension law directly, the house, by its amendment to the senate bill, cannot extend, curtail or change in any manner the purpose of that act. Keduced to its lowest terms, the senate bill as amended in the house is an amendment of the old age and mothers' pension law which leaves no power to grant public relief, in any form, to those who ate not eligible to relief under the initiated law. The Colombian Treaty There is no such demand throughout this country to surrender to Colombia J2J,00u,0(Ri for narrow polit ical purposes as to warrant the calling of a special session of congress for the ratification of the Colom bian treats". The democratic politicians behind this Utaty profess alarm at further delay in ratification of the treaty lest Colombia protest to the powers. This treaty was tirst suggested in tne latter part of the Taft admlnistrr, ion, partly to purchase the commercial friendship certain Latin-American countries and partly to t;t reflection upon the Itoosevell administration, thouj:u .Mr. Taft as a part of that administration had offered no protest against the acts for which it was proposed to surrender S.L:,0"",000 by way of reparation to Colombia for the loss of Panama, thereby fixing upon the Hoosevelt adminis! ration the stigma of having fomented or at least encouraged a revolution by which a pros perous and orderly republic has been carved out of an unprogressive, oppressed so-called republic at that time under the control of a dictator. Mr. Taft, if left to himself, would probably have been averse to such' a treaty, but he yielded to a republican faction in opposition to Mr. Roosevelt. When the Wilson administration came into power, Mr. Bryan, always a narrow politician, seized with avidity upon the unfinished treaty, negotiated it anew, and for the ratification of which, to fasten a shame upon the country for partisan purposes, it is now proposed to call an extraordinary session. We do not think that any of the powers would be likely to concern themselves with any protest Colombia might make. Nor do we think that it would have occurred to Colombia to make any pro test or to expect a $5,00a,000 gift from the American people but for the politicians at Washington. Los Angeles on the Job The people of Los Angeles have an infinity of 1 ways of keeping that village in the public eye. If the telegraph carries the story of a distinguished foreigner, whose death of acute indigestion is at tributed to over-indulgence in frankfurters, the Los Angeles newsaiers come forward with the an nouncement of a resident that hla Uncle Heine was Inordinately fond of frankfurters, but fortunately had r.ot succumbed to their ravages. Thus, Los Angeles connects itself with the dead, distinguished foreigner. If an eminent citizen of any part of the world lias achieved further distinction, it is at once re called by some Angeleno that his nephew's cousin's wife was for a time a guest of one of the Los An geles hotels. Now comes forward a conscience-stricken chauf feur of Los Angeles to grieve his heart away because It was his carelessness, he says, that caused an ac cident which resulted in the amputation of a leg of Mine. Bernhardt. We believe the Divine Sara has not yet been deprived of her leg. We have not fol lowed the case as closely as we ought to have done, but we have somehow gained the impression that the story of the amputation grew out of a jocular re mark by Mine. Bernhardt that it was to be per formed, in which event she would bear her misfor tune lightly. Hut that was enough to bring Los Angeles into the limelight again with the story of the accident to which the distinguished actress has not alluded; pos sibly she has not heard of it. ROCK PILE VERSUS DEATH LIST Out in Portland, ore., no one has been injured, let alone killed, in an automobile accident In the last nine months. And all because the city maintains a good-sized idle of hard rocks at its municipal jail. To a man whose most strenuous exercise is the opening of mail, issuance of orders which exercise only his brain and his mouth, or the pushing of a fountain pen, a rock pile looks like a mountain. The majority of automobile owners, unless they happen to be golf players, seldom get more than this amount of ex ercise. Consequently, when thev are furnished with pii ks and ordered to attack said pile of rocks their hearts are as lead. In Pcrtland the autonrol.ile driver who is caught whie traveling at a speed in excess of the limit pre scribed is hurried to the police court, tried, and, if found guilty, escorted to the rock pile, there to work out his sentence. No fines are levied. Kvery con viction means a sojourn with the pick and rock squad. As a result, there is little or no speeding in Portland, a city of 300,000 people. And, again, be cause there is no speeding, there are comparatively no automobile accidents. The record of the last nine months shows the efficiency of the ordinance. It is hard on the undertaker and doctors, but it's a pleas ant protection for those residents of Portland who find it necessary to travel the streets on foot. Cedar Rapids Gazette. WAR TIME ANNEXATIONS By announcing the. formal annexation of that part of Alsace now held by the French army the government of France makes a Ftrong sentimental appeal to the people. The recovery of Alsace and Loral ine is the prime ambitions of France in the war, and the fervid desire of every Frenchman. The knowledge that twenty-one communes of Al sace, though a small part of the whole, are actually reclaimed will lie an inspiiation to the sentimental patriotism of the Cauls. Of course, the annexation really means little or nothing. The territory is now held by the French. Tomorrow it may be held by the Germans. The final status of Alsace will be in no way affected by-war-time proclamations. Belgium has been annexed by Germany, iialiiia by Russia, and Turkey lays formal claim to Egypt, lint none of these holdings or claims will affect the plenipotentiaries to whom the fnal settlement will be entrusted. If Germany is victorious in the war, she may retain Belgium; if Germany loses. France may take Alsa.-e and i,or raine. and Russia may retain Galiiia. No matter who wins, TCgypt will not be gi.en to Turkey; some other reward will have to he found for the sultan U I is on the victorious side. 1 'reclamations of annexation are devised almost solely for their sentimental effect. They are of no practical value. Cleveland Plain Dealer. COPPER GROWING SCARCE IN GERMANY Statements made in editorial form by- the En gineering and Mining Journal regarding supplies of copper in Germany may be summarized as follows: The metal is scarce, ami relatively little, has been obtained from outside. The price is high, officially 22 cents a pound. But the scarcity is not so great as to attract general attention, though it is caus ing remarkable attention to the adoption of sub stitutes. The shortage has not materially affected military operations, yet the army is cautioned to lie sparing in its use of the metal. Our contemporary, noting that a German correspondent suggests that Germany may adopt substitutes lor copper,, which, if it came to pass, would have a permanently bad effect upon the copper producers of the world, de clares it does not believe permanent substitutes are readily going to be found. It says we have expe rienced limes when we have had to make fire with flint and steel, but we were very glad to revert to the use of lucifer matches when we could get them. The substitution of aluminum wire for copper wire has been talked about during many years, but has failed to make any great headwAy; and we do not believe that the manufacture of belt buckles out of zinc instead of copper is going to reduce the con sumption of copper by anywhere near So much as when the automobile manufacturers discontinued brass trimmings and fittings a few years ago. Bradstreet's. GERMAN SHIPS LAID UP IN OUR PORTS According to the New York Times, there are sixty-six German and Austrian merchant vessels laid up in the ports of the United States or its isl and possessions. Their gross tonnage is 518.706 and net tonnage 297.7C0 tons. Fifty-five of these ships fly the German flag, while eleven are Austrian ves sels. Thirty of the ships are at New York, eight at Boston, four each at New Orleans and Baltimore, three at Philadelphia and eight at Honolulu. The Hamburg-American line owns twenty-eight of the ships, and the North German Lloyd owns fifteen. The tonnage in ports of continental United States is 432,678. They would accommodate 42,i:ir passen gers. The largest in the list is the 54.000-ton Vater land, with a crew of 923 men, tied up at New York. Next in size is the President Grant. also at New York, with a crew of G25 men. Third in size is the Amerika, of 22,000 tons, at Boston, with a crew of r.41 men. Other large vessels in the list are the Kron Prinzessin Ceciilie. Kaiser Wilhelm II, Cin cinnati, Pennsylvania, Grosser Kurrurst, Bulgaria, Barbarossa, Princess Irene, Friedrieh der Orosse, Hamburg and Rhein. POSER FOR POSTMASTER GENERAL Before Postmaster General Burleson can convince the farmers that they could get as good service from the contract system whatever that is aa from the present rural route carriers, and at ths same time save over $18,000,000 a year, he will have to show them something besides an annual report. They are all from Missouri on that propo sition. If there ever was an underpaid service it Is the rural route carriers. How the same work could he done for so much less cost requires actual demonstration to be believed. Where the People May Have Hearing ANOTHER BRYAN Viscount Haldane Responsible England's Unpreparednest for To the Editor- of the Republican, sir: Probably the the most bitterly un popular man In England today is Vis count llahk'iie, who, as lofcd chan cellor in the present cabinet was so hostile to every suggestion of un preparedncss for war that he, more than any Englishman is responsible for the lack of preparation which handicapped his country so largely at the outbreak of the present war. The charges now hurled against him that he was the secret friend and helper of Germany, deliberately be traying his own country, are of course absurd. lint the damage that he and others like him did their coun try is no absurd fiction, but a deadly serious fact. Lord Haldane, like many men, some high in public life in this coun try, was and is a professional pacif ist, lie worked steadily to keep down the standing army. Jlo was hostile to the creation of an ade quate army system, lie opposed the program of naval construction urged by his colleagues in tlie cabinet, it was but a few months ago that be made a visit to Berlin, met and con versed with tiie Emperor and many German statesmen, and returned to his country to try by every meanj in his power to convince bis fel low countrymen that there was not the remotest possibility of any war with Germany. The war colnmcnc ed while he was still trying to per suade the British public to accept his delusions. A hater of militarism ami every thing connected therewith, he delib erately deluded himself into a, belief in the doctrines now being preached in this country, that preparations for war was a way to invite war. A blundering, self-confident doctrine, the practical results which he ac complished in limiting the military preparedness of his own country were fully as disasterotis as though he had been in fact, as he is now hvs- rically charged with being, actu ated by deliberately traitorous pur poses. Germany was shown the val ue of training by holding the balance f Europe at bay for a year. We have many llaldanes here. And Ihey have the same self-confident fatuousness that he exhibited. It is to be hoped that their blunders may not have as serious consequence as Haldane's. It is sincerely to be hopeJ that our people may not be so de luded as to accept the wish for the fact, that they will meet the facts as they are and spend a few mil lions In preparation against instead of in the future paying lions as war indemnity. CLAIM PEOPLE WERE (aao eBJ moiji ponutmof) Assistants George H. Harben and Les lie C. Hardy demurred and answered the complaint, vigorously denying each of the arguments brought against the new law. They stated that the meas ure was properly headed on the ballot, and the number of applicants for re lief under its provisions in no way jus tified the contention that the payment of these pensions would cause the state to spend more out of the general fund than the law allowed. Relative to the powers of the boards of supervisors, the attorney general argued that the provision of the law relating to alms houses was wholly within the sovereign power of the state. The counties, he said, were merely divisions of tlie state, and acted only as trustees in the cae of such institutions. The right to dis pose of such institutions belonged to the people, and they had voted to dis pose of them. Contrary to tlie expectation of many who have been watching the case with great interest, tlie argument that it was not adopted by a majority of the qualified electors of the state did not come tip. This argument, it is stated will be used by the taxpayers' associa tion yhen the case reaches the su preme court as it is bound to do. Judge Crosby announced yesterday afternoon that he would announce his decision at 9 o'clock thin morning. NEW HER COMMISSION GOES 10 DAM Sydney I. Williamson, Xew Chief of Construction of the KeclaniatiMii Service, I 'ays Flying Visit to Phoenix Director Phoenix spection went to LO, TIIE POOR PLAYWRIGHT of 'Are vou familiar with the motive? links' new play?" "Yes; he needed the money." Phil adelphia Public Ledger. ALLIES AGREED (Continued From Page One) the operations of middlemen because of the increasing prices of ail com modities, especially food and fuel. Henceforth commodities will go di rectly from producer to consumer The penally ' for these infringements of these regulations is three months imprisonment and a heavy fine. war, bil- -o- C.C. (Continued from Page One.) the Rock Island from 1!02 to 1910, also told the commission he had been asked to resign by Reld, but had no knowledge of why. While he had no Agreement, he said, he received $100,000 for "past services, on all mat ters and all things," between himsell and variou Rock Island companies on his withdrawal'. Jackson said Reid assured him it was not because ot any failure in his official duties that the resignation was asked. He said he did not ask for further information. E. J. Moore, Philadelphia banker not related, it was explained to V. H. Moore of the group controlling th Rock Island said he had attended a stockholders meeting of the Rock Is land operating company in 1914. with five shares of stock to present a resolution for institution of a suit for the recovery of seven and a half mil lions against the directors. A repre sentative of the Central Trust Com panv of New York, he said, had voted the 'resolution could be presented. A second meeting went the same1 way. The trust company representa tive, he said, had stated his proxy limited him to voting on adjournment only. C. H. Warren, assistant to President Leeds of the Rock Island during 1902- 04, said he had left the company be cause Mr. Leeds had not devoted suf ficient attention to questions relating to management of tlie road, and left him "up in the air." "I left," he said, "because the situ ation became unpleasant, and unsat isfactory.'' The witness explained that he had been induced to go to the Rock Is land from the Central Railway of New Jersey by Mr. Leeds, on an agree ment that he would receive stock worth a minimum of $150,000 at the end of two years. When he left the company, he said, he was given $50,- 000 in cash and stock in the Jersey Holding Company of a value of $205,000 in accordance that agreement. Earlier in the day Daniel G. was on tlie stand and testified the first intimation of the present in vestigation had" reached ' him from David Lamar. The message brought him, he said, was that a speech was about to be made to congress on the subject. Fix Food Prices. BERLIN. Feb. 2fi Tlie Bnndesrath lias raised the price of potatoe pro ducts because the farmers fire us ing potatoes for fodder. It is hoped this will prevent the consumption of potatoes by cattle The Bundersrath has also fixed the maximum price on which municipalities may expro priate hogs in order to lay up the required store. The Bundesrath found the price of hogs increasing to such a de gree that it interfered with cities colection the prescribed food stores. The maximum prices so fixed are ed on prices of the last two mark et days of January, in various lo- alities. Frankfort-On-Main and Mecklenburg have decided to follow he example of Berlin to issue bread ards. Frankfort limits tlie weekly consumption of bread to fourteen hundred grams, and Mecklenburg to sixteen hundred grams. New face with Reed that SHE COOKED BY THE BOOK "My dear, did you make this pud ding out of the cookery book?" "Yes, love." - "Well, I thought I tasted one of the covers."Sacred Heart Review. Clamber of Commerce Dinner March 4 Adams Everybody Attend Sydney R. Williamson, new chief of i construction of the reclamation ser vice, and the man who succeeded to tlie vacancy in the reclamation com mission, left by the resignation of I". II. Newell, arrived in yesterday ,nn his first in trip, and almost immediately Roosevelt to view the dam. Lately of the corps of engineers who worked out the construction problems at Panama, Mr. Williamson, is well qualified to build reclamation projects for Fncle Sam. His appointment oc curred on December 10, soon after the war had put. an end to a big en gineering proposition he was to work out for an English firm. WJien A P..1 Davis succeeded to tlie director ship, and the commission was reor ganized so that this job included that of chief engineer, Mr. Williamson was selected to specialize in construction work. I'pon his arrival here, the engineer "ast about at once for a means of going to tlie dam, and preferring to make the trip immediately, instead of delaying to rest here, left with Pro tect Manager c. H. Fitch about noon. Chief Electrical Engineer O. H. En sign happened to be at Roosevelt, working on the installation of the new power milt, ami Mr. Williamson inter cepted . him with a message at Fish Creek to remain for n consolation. The entire party will return todav, to be occupied for a time in the study of reports in the local offices. You secure Life Insurance You demand FIRE INSURANCE Why Not Title Insurance One premium only Once paid always paid Phoenix Title and Trust Co. 18 N. First Ave. Farish had slipped one over He said the land was good ricultural purposes, that lie acres of such laud upon vh was at the present time a crop of hai lev. B. H. Thornton said he owns just south of the city property that a fair value for the Si; on him. for ag had 12 h there a good land and acres Dodge Brothers, motor CAR Beauty plays a large part in the owner's pride of possession. One reason why this car Has appealed strongly to the pub lic is that its appear ance invariably in spires admiration. McARTHUR $895.00 BROTHERS of city land would be Slnll an Auditor Cooper was the la;- acre. it wit ness, being recalled to state wheth er the figures' of the Farish report were correct. He said they were. He saiil that if "forced" increases were deducted the five months of 1:414 would show a ilecrea.se of some Jti, iioii over 1!1:1. Adjournment was then taken at 1 o'clock FARISH TRIAL (Continued from Page One) increase being due to such condi tions as are set forth in tile writ ten answers to the charges, and that there would have been a- de crease of about J.'i.OiiO but for those very conditions, the witness was then turned over to the attorneys for tlie proponents of the charges for cross-examination. The inquiry hi nan w ith n series of questions as to the correctness f the report submitted on January 11 by Manager Farish covering the last six months of 1!)14. Farish said the report was correct so for as he knew, and that it was based on figures taken off his books by his clerk, Mr. lioggs. He said he sup posed they corresponded with those of the city auditor as they were checked by him. When the question led to details of the decreases reported bv Man ager Farish there were frequent clashes between the atornevs. those for Farish urging that he beeper mitted to make his statements ai full as he desired, while those for the proponents insisted that be con fine himself to direct answers. Mayor Young was obliged to call the at torneys to order by directing them to "get down to business, gentlemen, get down to business." The appointment of additional members to the police force, the history of the conspiracy of Mex icans to sack . the" city, and their subsequent arrest and conviction was also gone into. Farish said he ap pointed but one or two men to the force without consulting the chief of police. Once he named Am is Egley, he. said, as special officer, because Egley came to him and said that Ilrisbois had sent him to the manager with word that it would be all right with him (Rrisbofs) if Farish had him sworn in. After wards Brisboi.'i told Farish he had not 'been satisfied with the appoint ment ,f-Kgley. f "I eentainly would not have ap pointed Egley." said Farish, "if I had not supposed Brisbois sent him to me for that purpose." W. H. West, who lives on a claim adjoining the city property pur chased for a sewer outfall, paid he would give $3,000 for the property right now and that he knew of another man who was willing to pay 14000 for it. He said had he known that the property could have been purchased for $3,000 he Would lave bought It before Farish, but that if The Biggest Book Bargain We Have Ever Offered Republican Readers We print a "War Book Coupon-' on another page of this issue. Cut it out and bring it to the othce of this newspaper with 98c to pay cost of handling and it will entitle you to one copy of The London Times History of the War regular price $3.00. (If sent by mail, add 17c to pay postage and mailing, making $1.15 in all.) Thou- ...... t. n( k .-.-i .V.V 7.W.V .,'.','.- --: 5, Ml THE TIMES HISTORY OF THE WAR IjKinrtQIime THE BATTLEFIELp OF EUROPE History have been sold at $3.00. Only one copy of the book will be sold to a single purchaser. Thi lllaitntioa .haw. the book rrduecd team-fifth ita actual alia It's a Big, Handsome Book It costs you only 98c, but it's the biggest $3 worth you ever saw. There are 378 pages, nearly four hundred interest ing illustrations, including many clear-ct't, valuable maps. The book is 7xll inches in size, weighs 3 lbs. and is bound in fine blue cloth. Read History While It Is Being Made The greatest historical event since civilization began is going on in Europe. Now is the time to read 'about it; to learn what caused it and how it began ; to follow the movements of the armies. Read history while it is being made, not after it is classed with the dead languages. . The London Times History of the War is the standard history of civilization's great conflict. Read it and be well-informed. The Only Great Book About the World's Greatest War It is true history, written from original sources by the trained writers of The London Times, assisted by twenty-eight experts in military, naval, diplomatic and economic affairs. It is the only book on the war written with the perspective of the historian and with the historian's sound judgment and broad point of view. For the benefit of our readers we have made 1 special advertising arrangement with The London Times which enables us to offer you this wonderful war history at only one-third the regular orice. Our special price is one "War Book Coupon" and 98 rents, which covers the bare cost ofhanJ'ing. Bring or send in your coupon today. . If "I I ft ' ..mm ' ' ' "