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THE ARIZONA REPUBLIC AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 8 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, TUESDAY MORNING, MARCH 30, 1915 8 PAGES VOL. XXV. NO. 309 DRINK IS THE DEADLIEST FOE FACES We Are Fighting German, Austria and Drink," Says David Llovd-Oeorge, "and Greatest !f These Three is Drink." WORK OF REPAIRING SHIPS S DELAYED Despite Work Carried On Night and Day In Ship- vards. Total Working ' Time Actually Less Than Before "War Regan 7 ASSOCIATED FRESH niSl-ATCH I.OXDO.V, March 29. "TVe are fights ins firrmany, Austria and drink, and so far I can see, the greatest of these three ileadly foes is drink," said David Lloyd-George, chancellor of. the ex chequer, replying to u deputation of the Shipbuilding Employers Federation, the membcrsship of which was unani mous in urging that in order to meet he national requirement at the present time, there should he total prohibition luring the period of war of the (sale of intoxicating liquors. This wotdd apply not only to public houses but also to private clubs, so as t ii operate equally with all classes of a community. It was stated despite the fact that work ia being carried on night nnd day. seven days a week, the total working time on an average in nearly nil the British shipyards is actually less than before the war and the aver age productiveness has decreased. There tire many men doing splendid and strenuous work, probably as good sis the men in the trenches, but many lo not even approximate full time, llius disastrously reducing the average. Notwithstanding the curtailment of hours they are allowed to keep open, the receipts of the public houses in the neighborhood of the shipyards have greatly incheased, in some cases forty Ier cent. As an Instance of one of many similar cases, that of a battle ship com'ng in for Immediate repairs was cited. She was delayed a whole lv through the absence of riveters who were drinking and carousing. In one yard the riveters have been work ing an average of only forty hours a week and in another only thirty-six hours a week. The chancellor of the exchequer, in the course of his reply, said the reason why the government had not heretofore taken more drastic action on the liquor question was because it was needed to he assured that it was not going adverse to public sentiment: otherwise more harm would be done than good. The government must feel that it had every class in the community behind It when taking ac tion which Interfered severely with in dividual liberties, but now he was sure the country was beginning to realize the gravity of the situation. I have a growing conviction, based on accumulating evidence", continued the chancellor, "that nothing but root and branch methods would be of the slightest avail in dealing with the evil. (Continued on page Five) o Guard Of Honor Fired On Make Dash For Border r ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH DOUGLAS. March 29. When Gen eral Samaniego's advance guard ar rived within twenty miles of Agua Prieta to join the Carranza garrison there, a guard of honor, sent out to escort the column within the fortifi cation, was encountered. Mistaking these friendly troops for enemies, Samaniego's men opened fire. The guard of honor fled wildly toward Agua, Prieta. Five men crossed the lwirder near Douglas and throwing down their rifles and ammunition belts at the feet of American soldiers without stopping- to make explanations, ran for the Interior. Demand Is Made That Naco Be Kept Neutral Territory (ASSOCIATED PRESS DI8PATCB DOUGLAS, March 2. General Calles replied to a note of warning rent him by Colonel O'Connor, com manding the United States border patrol in Arizona and New Mexico. Calles said that while he wished lo respect the American wish to keep X.uo neutral territory, he could not five a definite answer as it was a mutter of international character, and lie had referred It to Carranza. Regarding the operations along the ZAPATA FORCES ABOUT TO REINVEST MEXICAN CAPITAL SAYS REPORT TO PROTECT LEVEE OF COLORADO RIVER j YUMA, March 29. A contract was awarded by the interior de partment to E. F- Sanguinetti of Yuma, to deliver 80,000 cubic yards of rock on the levee below Andrade for the protection of the Imperial Valley from the overflow of the Colorado river. The price is $S0, 000. Two hundred men will be em ployed and Sanguinetti expects to finish in sixty days. i FORCES ATTACK Carranza Agency at El Paso Receives Report Enemy Forces Are Assailing Vil la's Rear at Tanipico and Matamoras ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH KL PASO, .March 29. Attacks by two different enemy forces upon '.he rear of the Villa army now at tacking Matamoras and investing Tampico were reported at Carranza agency here It was reported that Sultillo, ca pital of Coahuila Htate iu east ien tral .Mexico, was being invested 1-y a large Carranza army, believed to be in command of obregon, who has not been located definitely since his departure northeastward from be national capital. Arrivals from the south" reported that Torreon was being attacked by the troops of General Benavides 3n(i Ysadel Robles. These leaders were adherents of the faction headed by Eulalio Gutierrez. The. Carranga of ficials here did not know whether Benavides and Kobles were acting ass Carranza leauers or independent chiefs. The capture of Torrem has rot been verified by officials- Villa ad vice. Reinforcements Coming BROWNSVILLE. March 29. Rein forcements from the east and west are reported to be closing in to re lieve the Carranza garrison of twelve hundred defending Matamoras friru attacks of Villa troops. There was no fighting of moment today. Troops supposed to number fifteen to eighteen hundred, to be com manded by General Castro, consti tuting the western reinforcements, are reported coming from Caraargo, ninety miles west of Matamoras. To the east, about twelve hundred troops are said to have been landed from a transport at the mouth of the Rio Grande. Villa forces in this vicinity number about 5,000. TURKISH TROOPS ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH "WASHINGTON, March 29 Turk ish regular troops were due list Saturday at Urumiah,. Persia, where Americans and other Christians ire reported to have been attacked by Kurd bandits, according to official statements made to Ambassador Morgenthau by the Turkish Grand Vizier. The ambassador reported his conversation to the state depart ment, adding that the Turkish war office had informed him no acts of violence had been committed at Urumiah. Department officials noted thut border Calles said that as Maytorei.i had already violated the Naco agree ment he did not consider that bind ing. O'Connor's warning is said to have been couched in the most posi tive terms urging both Calles a'ld Maytorena. to keep the Naco agree ment not to fight on the border, stating to both that if their frontier operations developed a character threatening American lives or prop erty, they would be Mopped forcibly. No reply from Maytorena hail been received, TWO DIFFERENT VILLAS 1 CHRISTIANS ATTACKED BK KURDS Situation In . Mexico City I A 1 L T issuineu anomer uapia Change When British Ambassador Hears Garza' is to Evacuate WANTS ASSURANCE OF PROTECTION illUC .Uailt i H B UL Llilld Field Artillery Are Or dered to Brownsville As Demonstration A gainst Firing Across the Line ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl WASHINGTON. March 20. The sit uation in Mexico City assumed another of its rapid changes when Sir Cecil Spring Rice, the British ambassador, called Secretary Bryan's attention to the report he bad received from the Maxican capital that Zapatista forces under Gen. Garza are about to aban don the city again and that obregon, I the Carrunza chieftain in that vicinity is moving forward to re-occupy it. The j ambassador it is understood asked ! what precautions for the protection of foreigners were contemplated by the American government in this event. Secretary Bryan said later that no re- (Continued on Page Four.) CAMPAIGN FIELD OF VILLA FORCES TO PROTECT the statements of the Grand Vi;:ier, and of the war office do not coin cide. The Grand Vizier said the reported atrocities were "grossly ex aggerated," while the war office de nied there had been any disorders whatever. I Reports of attacks upon foreigner:-; virtually all come from Tiflis. remote from I'ruiniah. Between the two places communication is said to be so difficult that error is to be expected in any reports carried from one place to another. It is under stood that the Persian charge d'af faires here has been endeavoring to obtain definite information without success. Departmental and diploma tic officials here have felt little fear of frirther attacks, whatever hap pened before the troops had arrived. Ambassador Morgenthau reported il so that foreign educational institu tion!! in Turkey have been grante.l until September. before the new in structions of the government grow ing out of the withdrawal last year of capitulations guaranteeing that certain extra-territorial rights coull be enforced. The American govern ment protested against this action, as it affected mission schools and colleges at that time, and the in structions as regards the taxation, and regulation of schools were held up temporarily. Morgenthau said heads of the various mission schools hailed the postponement as a victory snd were satisfied with the situation. too loo l I I 1 SCAce MUM 1 E AT a "N Houstom Salsa iJfA V J ARROWS f s AM6ARO N Pacucma a C&ITA6A ' CwlaPA ?eorm--eACAPULOO OAXACO 1 eHvAN icPEG j BELIEVE EFTEL GISEND MORE Notwithstanding Opinion Sea Raider Will Re In terned, Every Precaution is Taken to Prevent Dash for Sea PROBABLY "WAITING THE TIME LIMIT British Ambassador Gives Assurances the Vessel Will Not Re Attacked by Allies Warships in Three Mile Limit ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl AVASHINGTON. March 29. While every precaution is being taken to guard against possible violations of American neutrality in the event of a dasli for sea through the V irginia Capes by the German commerce raid er I'rinz Eitel Friederich. naval offi cers here are almost united in the belief the Eitel will cruise no more until the war is over. They think Com mander Thierichens is enjoying the trouble to which he has put the British and French cruisers patrolling the Virginia coast, and is merely awaiting the expiration of the time limit given him for repairs before permitting the collector of customs at Newport News to intern his ship for the war. Sir Cecil Spring-Kice, the British ambassador, called at the Navy De partment today and had a talk with Rear-Admiral Fisk. aide for the op erations. It is understood he gave assurances that the warships of the allies waiting for the. EitJ would not come within the three mile limit or do anything else in violation of neu trality. It was learned today that the Brit ish government had made representa tions to the state department in re gard to the Eitel, taking the ground that is allowing the shin to dock, clean be painted, the port authorities at Newport News had not observed The Hague treaty stipulations against increasing the navy strength of the ship under circumstances. Department officials, however, do not accept this view. No intimation as to when the time given the raider to stay in port would end. was forthcoming from officials today, but it is known the limit is drawing near. The battleship Alabama which left Philadelphia this afternoon is due in Hampton roads early tomorrow to re enforce the two destroyers and sub marine on duty there. It was said at the navy department that in the event of a change in the weather and (Continued on Page Three) SUBMARINE F-4 DEFINITELY LOCATED WASHINGTON, March 29. Searchers for the lost sub-marine F-4 reportod they have de termined the location of the ves sel within a radius of fifty yards and that she lay on the bottom at the mouth of the Honolulu harbor in water ranging from-, forty to sixty fathoms in depth. This dispatch from Rear-Ad-rural Moore was in response to one sent earlier in the day by Rear Admiral Blue, acting secretary of the navy, urgently asking e act information as to the posi tion of the submarine. All hope that any of the crew of twenty one might be alive was abandon ed two days ago. . Doubt is ex pressed if the submarine can be raised. Former Student At Tempe Normal 'Lost With F-4 While all the United State-! i; grieving over the loss of the sub marine F-4, submerged outside , t.h harbor of Honolulu since Thursday morning, there are many in Temie who sorrow at the death of George T. Ashcroft, once a student of the Tempe Normal, and who wrts ko unfortunate as to be a member of the crew of the sub-marine when it went down. Ashcroft was at tending the local institution during the years 1908 and 1907 and became cue of the particularly prominent students of the school. Aside froi-i his brilliant work at recitations he was one of the leading athletes and attracted especial attention as catch er on the normal ball team, and as regular battery' mute to Professor F. C. Ayer. who was then pitching for the normal and other valley nines. Ashcroft won the friendship of every one he met and there are many in Tempe today who remem ber him and sorrow with his grief stricken mother, brother and sister of Los Angeles, at his death, GERMAN 6 MARINE SINKS TWO bll TS AND SENDS 150 TO DEATH Gives Warning to Take to Small Boats and Then Fires Before Passengers and Crew Have Time to Leave ONE SMALL BOAT IS FIRED UPON In One Instance Boat Con taining Women Passen gers and Stewardess is Fired Upon and Later is Capsized Drowning All ASSOCIATED PRFSS DISPATCH LONDON, March 29. About hundred fifty lives were lost in the sinking by German submarines of the African lin r Falaba and the British steamer Agu ila bound from Liverpool for Lisbon. The Falaba was torpedoed in St. Georges Channel on Sunday. She car ried a crew of 90 and 160 passengers, only llo of the total were rescued and eight of these died later of exposure. The Aguila had a crew of 42 and 3 passengers, of whom 23 of the crew and the passengers were lost. In both cases on sighting the submarine, the captain lried to escape by putting on ill cpeed but the under-water cratt overtook the steamers. The speed of the submarines in ov erhauling both the steamers shows that Germany now has some of her- most modern submarines engaged in the blockade operations against England. The Captain of the Falaba was one of those, lost, was given five minutes to get his passengers and crew into the boats, but according to the survivors before this was possible a torpedo was fired, striking the engine room and causing a terrible explosion. Many persons were killed and the steamer sank in five minutes. An official list sui plied at the offices of he owners shows so far n? known at present that fitty-two first class pas sengers, thirty-four second class and forty-nine of the crew of the Falaba were saed. Four passengers and four or the crew were reported killed and sixty-one passengers and forty-jthree of the crew missing'. Fired With Many Aboard CARDIFF, March 29. One of the Fa laba's passengers, in telling their ex periences said that when the submarine ordered the passengers to take to the boats, boats were lowered and the pas sengers served with life belts but no one was allowed to take any personal effects. "Then followed a terrible scene." lie said. "Some boats were swamped and the occupants thrown into the sea. Sev eral were drowned almost immediately. Barely ten minutes after we received the order to leave the ship I hard a report, and the vessel heeled over. The Germans actually fired a torpedo at her at a range of about one hundred yards when a large number of vussen gers and the captain and other officers were still distinctly seen abroad." All the passengers and officers say the (submarine fired the torpedo before all the boats were lowered and while many persons were still aboard the steamer. Fire on Small Boat FISHGUARD, Wales. March 29 Thirteen members of the crew of the (Continued on Page Four) THE FELLING LAKE HAS A PROSPEROUS 'Tis a grand sight that will greet the motorists who make the trip to Roose velt dam April 15, to help celebrate the arrival of considerably over a million acre feet of water in the reservoir. With more water than was ever in the reservoir before, the lake certainly tool's prosperous. A. J. Haltnm, assistant engineer in barge of operation and maintenance arrived from Roosevelt at noon yester day after a trip of five days. He com mented very enthusiastically on the beauty of the scenery about the dam. It seems that the winter rains have broufiht the mountain wild flowers in great abundance. The lake is one quarter greater in area than it has ever been before. Now, the surface extends over 15,474 acres. The high water line reaches to hitherto untouched ravines, and as the days go by, the borders are fast approaching their limit. R. B. Laskowski, an-observer of the United States weather bureau returned Sunday from a two week's trip to the White. Mountains, where, he surveyed snowfall. While he could not confirm the snow stories that had been report ed here during the rainy and stormy season of January and February, he said there was plenty of the beautiful to fill the reservoir, apparently several times over. In the lower valleys it is now melting rapidly, but the gorges in the u:per reaches of the Sierras Anchas and White Mountains are still buried jleep. SANTA FE ACQUIRES VALUABLE COAL ROAD j NEW YORK, March 29. An- j nouncement is made that the Santa j Fe svstem has acquired the St. j Louitf, Rocky Mountain and Pad- ; fic railway, a line extending from Des Moines, New Mexico, to Ute Park in the same state, 106 miles. ; at a price of $3,000,000 in Santa Fe j four per cent bonds. The line taps ! the coal fields of Colfax county. I H. filELOSH'S CRIME STORY; PALS TAKEN Long List of Burglaries Admitted by Voung Man On Way to Penitentiary; Three Accomplices Are Arrested Breaking the studied silence main tained since the day of his arrest, Harvey Melosh. who figured in one of the most sensational hold tips ever attempteil in the city, confessed fully to Sheriff Adams Sunday night, impli cating himself in a number of other robberies and revealing the identity of those receeiving the stolen goods. Melosh was being taken to the prison at Florence. The sheriff and his prisoner arrived at the I'inal county seat too late to be admitted to the penitentiary that night, and Melosh was taken to the county jails for the night. While talking to the young man. Sheriff Adams, at last prevailed upon him to reveal the ex tent of his crimes iu this city. The chronicle was written out by Melosh in a halting and disconnected manner, and is given verbalism as follows: "November 1 6, Second street. ne diamond ring and watch in the 800 or 900 block, gave them to Gibbms , that night. j ' Two places on W. Washington 1400 block or ir,00 block, at one place se cured $11.00 in cash, at the other gold Iafy'8 watch and gold bracelet. I gave this to Gibbins that night. "West of the library between Wash ington and Adams on left hand side of the street going up. one or two gold watches and $l.oii in cash in December. Gave this to Gibbins. "On Center street at Purdy Bill iards, got $6.00 or $7.00 in cash. "One block north from Ballard's on first street, one diamond ring and one gold lady's watch and $3.00 in cash. Gave the watch and ring to Gibbins. "At O'Maley's, on North First ave nue, in the 1400 block, one box of yellow stones and $3.50. One diamond stick pin. Gave them to Gibbins. "At Redewill's one diamond bracelet, lady's watch, lavalliere, with small diamond and pearl. Lady's watch and tContinued on Pace Fivel All roads into the mountains are blocked. Travelers can reach Cooley' ranch, and no further on the road to Springerville. Where, two weeks ago, there was snow to a mans armpits, there is now mud to his knees and each condition is impassible. Laskows ki and his guide made most of their expeditions on ski. They reached all but two of the snow stakes in their lot. which numbers eight in all. Farmers Tamper With River Land Commission Powerless Unable to move a finger to save hundreds of acres of land in the Cibola valley on the Colorado, the state land commission sits helpless while farmers on the California side of the river are driving piling and preparing to turn the stream into old channels worn many years ago. If this is done, according to reports reaching the commission, the 'course of the river at this point will be shifted several miles east of where it is at present, and many square miles of valuable school lands may be swept away. When advices first reached the BATTLESHIP ARIZONA TO BE LAUNCHED June Will Witness Comple tion of (Jreatest Dread naught: Arizona the State Plans Honor for Arizona the Ship UOY. Hl'XT TO XAilE COMMITTEE Silver Service to be Bought By Arizona for Officers' Cabin; Candidates for Christening Honors Spring lTp How Arizona will help to cele brate the christening of the newest and greatest battleship the "Arizona," will lie worked out shortly by a com mittee to be named by Governor Hunt at the request of the chamber of commerce. Word was received here yesterday that the Arizona would be. launched about June 3, and within a tew minutes Secretary Harry Welch had got in touch with the governor's office, and had offered the co-operation of his organization. There was considerable speculation yesterday as to what Arizona beauty would have the honor of cracking u bottle of Hassayampa water over the bow of the new vessel. This ques tion, together with others dealing with a pretentious silver srevice for the first cabin, and a proper delega tion of Arizonians at the launching, will all be worked out by the com mittee. Ten fourteen-inch guns for the new super-dreadnoughts of the navy have been completed at the government g-nn factories at Watervliet. N. Y.t and have been shipped to the naval prov ing grounds near Indian Head, Md., to be tested by the ordnance officers. The guns cost to manufacture be tween $tir0.noO and $700,000, and rep resent the very last word in guns of this powerful type. Other fourteen inch guns of similar design for the navy are being- rushed to completion at Watervliet. the plant being worked to its fullest capacity. Ordnance officers of the army as well as of the navy say that no navy in the world will possess big guns superior to these new ones already completed and in process of con struction. They will fire projectiles weighing 1,400 pounds, and will have a maximum effective range of more than 21.00U yards or twelve miles. At n.ooo yards or more than five miles, the projectiles will be able to pierce the hardest armor plate of a thick ness of about sixteen inches. The guns weigh 6:!. 3 tons each, and can be fired about 200 times without retiring. The projectile and powder charge for each shot costs about $775. The new snperdreadnoughts in the turrets of which these new guns or others like them are to be mounted are the Nevada, the Oklahoma, the Pennsylvania, and the Arizona. The Pennsylvania will be launched at Newport News ott March IS next, and she and her stster ship, the Arl- (Continued on Pago Five.) o British Explain Bermuda Affair As Stray Shot ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH) WASHINGTON, March 29. Ameri can Consul Green at Hamilton. Ber muda, cabled the state department that British authorities have informed, him it "was a stray shot" that hit Geo. Montgomery of Buffalo, who was recently shot in the foot while sailing near a camp of German prisoners of war in the Bermudas. The consul ! said a full report is being forwarded by mail. The British ambassador. Si; Cecil Spring-Rice has already ex pressed regret to the state department over the incident, and it is expected here that the British government will pay an indemnity. commission that operations were in progress to turn the current against the Arizona bank, it was decided to send a representative to ascertain the extent of the work, and to adjust the matter with the California ranchers. Before this could be done, however, the legislature had adjourned, and the state auditor had advised the commission that no funds would be available for traveling expenses or for any other purpose. It was stated yesterday that the matter would be taken up by Attorney General Wiley E. Jones, and that a representative would be sent to Cibola in the near future to look, over the. situation, . r