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THE ARIZONA liEPUJ3LICAN, MONDAY UORXIXO, APRIL 115 l . if Arizona Republican's Editorial Page 1 l Th Arizona Republican Published by ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANT. The only Morning paper Published in Phoenix. Dwigbt B. Heard President and Manager Charles A. Slauffer Business Manager Garth W. Cate Assistant Business Manager J. W. Spear Editor Kxciusive Morning Associated Press Dispatches. Office, Corner Second and Adams Streets. itutered at the Postoffice t Phoenix, Arizona, u Mall Matter of the Second Class. Robt. E. Ward, Representative, New York Office, Brunswick Building. Chicago Office. Advertising Building. Address ail communications to THE ARIZONA RE PUBLICAN. Phoenix. Arizona. TELEPHONES: Business Office 421 City Editor 433 SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Dally, one month, in advance $ .75 Imlly, three mouths, in advance 2.00 Dally, six months, in advunce 4.00 Imlly. one year. In advance 8.00 Sundays only, by mail 2 60 .I'I.'1AY MORNING, APRIL 26. 1:115 (), since tin end of life's to live Ami pay in pence the common debt, What should it eost us to foririve Whose d;tilv task is to forget i W. K. llenlev. The Better Outlook The Wells-Fargo National Bank of San Fran i;so has just issued the most optimistic 'in J. most leasonaLle statement on the business outlook that we have yet seen. It begins at the beginning, with i'ie thorough-going liquidation in business and .-ecurities whit h loo place at the opening of the war. Hy that, the country placed itself on rock bottom. There na; naturally stagnation and de pression, but the country had the advantage of knowing precisely v here it stood. Any change in its position would necessarily be upward. Since then the ascent has been slow but steady. The balance ol tiado in favor of this country lor the tour months, including .March, was $5!it!,')0, t'Uti, the previous high record for four months being i:v, I.iMiit.iiiiii. Our exiMtrts were largely nvt.de tip of Mipplies furnished belligerent countries, including chiefly war materials, horses, etc.. commodities, whose export would stop with the war. But there will be a great volume of supplies which the coun tiie.s now at var will have to buy of us long after the restoration of peace. A great volume of our foreign business has Iteen with neutral countries which had hitherto derived most ol their supplies liom Great Britain or Germany. The connections we have thus established anil which we are still establishing, should prove permanent. oar foreit-n trade has left Europe in debt o this country, though since the beginning of the ear we have imported more gold than ever before vitiiin the same period. The European governments have negotiated loans in the United States amount ing to $2'0.lMi,ooi) and are now seeking larger loans. Another helpful factor is the decline of political agitation anil the prospect of greater railroad anti industrial activity throughout the country. The i'liernplov ed problem is now less messing than it was a few months ago. The surplus of idle men has been greatly reduced by the increasing demand of industries that are running at canacity to turn ttot war orders. The confidence of the Country i;-' lefiecte.l in the heavy purchases of stocks, evi dence of a belief by the investors that we lave "turned the corner;" that better times are ahead, ami that whenever ifaie may come the rewird of Iheir confidence will le repaid. Says the ' statement : "Peace talk is being indulged in everywhere, although nothuipr has developed yet to justify the llat statement that negotiations are actually in pi-ogress. Should the fighting stop by next fall, the pioliabilily is that business in this country would be immediately quickened. The waste abroad has been so great as to make it absolutely necessary for Kurope to repair the damage dene with alt haste atter the conflict etuis, or at least to do so as rap idly as its depleted condition will pern.it. These preparations must necessarily call for immense lttieign purchases in the United States. The long future, therefore, niust be judged with reference to all the possibilities of this extraordinary year. The United States is unquestionably 'the brightest spot in the world," in a commercial sense, at least." Advertising the Dam The Southern Pacific is f ulfillir-tr its contract with the eor.le of Phoenix and Globe in relation to the highway between these towns via the Roose velt Dam. We notice in the newspapers of New York and elsewhere in the east a large and striking sidvertisement of the "Opening of a New Wonder land," the "Apache Trail" through Arizona, "120 miles of autoinobiling 'over the oldest highway in America, through the Salt River Canyon to Roose velt Dam, the cliff dwellings and the copper eamim." A conspicuous feature of the advertisement is a two column line-cut of the great dam, which is thus receiving wider publicity than any other engineer ing feat in the world. We mean that more people are seeing the picture and are hearing about it and i,ie having their interest enlisted in It. The advertisement is preparing the populace to bar something more of the dtin when the battles-hip Arizona is christened, when the bow of the essel will be spattered with water that has flowed over the dam. In the meantime, the chamber of commerce and the business men of the valley are helping spread the story of the dam, so that by the time the launching of the vessel takes place the Moiy of the christening water will hoid a more pop ular interest than the story of the battleship, and the story of both will le the story of Arizona. The Fruit and Vegetable Industry A company has been formed lor the pubpose of establishing a cannery in the valley for the handling of various kinds of vegetables and fruits. This ought to lead to a much more intensive cultivation of the soil of the valley and the growing of the most profitabel crops. The products would find not only a market in the cannery, but such a volume of products would be encouraged that "resh fruits and vegetables would be Droeurable regularly by the grocery and produce stores. The local supply would t;uickly take the place of the fruits and vegetables from California. We have here 223,000 acres of Und which is too rjch and ought to be too valuable for the purposes to which most of r is now applied. The greater part of this land is suitable for garden purposes. Only a market for garden products has been want ing. With that established, the farm holdings which are being cut down from year to year would be Mill more rapidly reduced, the population would be greatly increased and we would have such a com munity as exists nowhere else in this country. As we have already pointed out, that growers here have been unable to compete with the coast growers of vegetables antl fruits, has been due to a lack of organization and co-0eration and cnse fiuently to the fact that there have not been enough local growers to afford a regular supply to local dealers who have had to look elsewhere for means to meet the demands ol their customers. It would take a iong time to establish a fruit and vegetable-growing industry here without the stimulus of a canning factory. It is usually, but erroneously, understood that canneries are started only to make use of the surplus products of a com munity where the growing industry has already been established. On the contrary, the canneries are made to act as a stimulant to more fruit and vegetable growing, and thereby a market is created in the community for great quantities of fresh fruits ami vegetables. This new enterprise should receive the encour agement of . not orly the farmers who would be directly benefitted, but the encouragement of every body in the community, for all will profit from i; directly or indirectly. Local Color Whether or not th. plan of the legislative house to gather information concerning the needs of the Mate institutions which are seeking appropriations will be endorsed bv the senate is uncertain. It ij within the memory of many now living that the com loiltees which used to lie sent out by the territorial legislatures spent a great deal of money to no pur pose. We remember that many of the committees only casually observed the institutions they were si.pixhied to visit and hurried on to Los Angeles where the rest of a gay week was spent. We do not think, however, that the committees which would be appointed by the senate and the house would make such a use of their time and the pul-lie money or that the tours lhey would tike would deserve the name of "Junketing trips." An argument against the special co:nmittce plan of inquiring into the needs of the state institutions is that, in the short time necessarily allotted to the work, nothing of value would be discovered; that is, nothing th;i4 would not be unfolded by the re ltorts of the heads of the institutions. Bui there is one thing not taken into consideration by the ob jectors and perhaps by none of the members of the legislature, unless by the few who have been at some time engaged in reportorial work on news papers, and that is "local color." It i of an elusive nature, difficult to describe, and it is acquired only by the exercise of a kind of sixth sense or a com bination of the senses of sight and hearing. It in something that must be imparted directly. It can not corre through an intermediary, whatever liU power of description, or however viviJ the imagina tion of the person to whom he attempts to de scribe it. PRESIDENT GARFIELD UNDERSTOOD THE LAW OF ADVERTISING The following interesting story aiiout President Garfield is told in the May American Magazine: "James R. Garfield, of Cleveland, son ol the late President Garfield, told one of the editors of the American Magazine the following story about traveling in 1878 as a boy with bis father, who was campaigning. One night, after a speech in Mich igan, young Garfield said to his father: 'Why do you repeat so much? Do you know that you said the same things several times tonight? Do you know that you said the same thing:! tonight that you said this afternoon in Detroit?' General Gar field made this reply: 'You happen to be an espe cially interested party and notice these repetitions. Others do not. I repeat the same statements delib erately in order that people may finally get them. Anyihlng that I want an audience to get and re member I repeat several tinges in somewhat differ ent form, perhaps. This practice I have developed out of my experience which has shown me that peo ple's attention is distracted in various ways and that a first or a second statement may not really get to thim. You must insist on an idea or fact if you want to get anywhere with it.' " SHE BLUSHED Pretty Ruth Chatterton, although busy just now winning smiles and tears at the Gaiety theater, .still finds time for a good story: " In a town in the west there is a church' that has a bright young pastor, but the attendance is unfortunately small. Among the parishioners there is a beautiful young widow. One evening just as the little wielow was about to leave the edifice, she was addressed by the deacon. "Good evening, sister," he cordially remarked, with the usual handshake. "How did you 1'ke the sermon this evening?" "I think that it was just too perfectly lovely for anything," was the enthusiastic reply of the widow. "It was, indeed-!" heartily returned the deacon. "I only wish that larger congregations would come to hear him." "So do I," declared the pretty little widow. "The congregation was' so small tonight that every, time the parson said 'dearly beloved' I positively relish ed." May Young's Magazine. PREFERRED THE OBSTRUCTION John Findlay. of "The Only Girl" company, proves anew1 that Gallic chivalry never fails. - A charming girl was standing on a chair on the pier watching the racing. On a chair behind were two Frenchmen. She turned around and said: . "I hope I don't obstruct your view?" "Mademoiselle," quickly replied one, "I much prefer the obstruction to the view." Young's Magazine. THE MASSES AND THE CLASSES. Copyright: 1915: Hi John T. McCutclieon.l i life & ' jfi " If Si L J" I PLAYGROUND Whenever for family or syndieate reasons it is de sired to have title to a piece of real estate in the name of an impersonal, non-individi'al holder, se cure the services of the trust department of the PHOENIX TITLE AND TRUST CO. This is a safe and certain method, this company heinr ex perienced in all lejjal phases of transfer and title work. ISSUE OF GUNS (Continued from Page One) MAY OVERSTEP (Continued from Page One) charges on packages ami to curtail advertising facilities of mail order houses by persuading niantifat Hirers who sell through dealers not to ad vertise in farm papers which carry mail order advertisements. The great problem of the" dealers' associations, the inevstigators found, was to find some lawful means of keeping members informed of manu facturers who refuse to confine theii trade to regular dealers. "While the organized dealer.s. dis claim any intention of maintaining a black list or of instituting a boycott against anyone." says the report, "it is clear that if they be permitted to disseminate information of this char acter, those loyal to the principles of their associations would refuse to continue business relations with of fending manufacturers even in the absence (,f an exress agreement to do KO." . o VILLA FORCES BEATEN WOMEN AT THE HAGUE (Continued from Page One) Report Says Villa Movement Is Col lapsing in Sonora SSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH I OX 1-iOARD V. S. S. COLORADO, Guayn.as. April 20. The Villa forces were badly defeated in Southern So nora. Evacuating Xavajoa and losing much aitillerey, machine guns and ammunition they retreated northward toward Guaymas. The Carranza forces are pushing northward under Generals fturbe and Mores and Gov ernor Maytorena is understood to have started to send his entile family to Xogales from Guaymas and it is reported he is prepared to make a like move. The Villa movement is said to be rapidly collapsing in Sonora. May torena's defeat is attributed to the non-fulfillment of pledges to return certain lands to the Indians. o SHASTA LIMITED HITS AUTO I ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH I CRKSWFLL. Ore., April 25. Four children were killed and one man fa tally injured, when an automobile driv en on the tracks junt ahead ef the S. P. Shasta Limited was struck and de molished. V. S. : Fly, an elderly man driving the car was so badly hurt it was said he could not recover. He had started to take the children, none of them his own, from his home to Sun day school. The accident occurred just, after alighting to close a gate. His wife vvitncused the accident. WIFE AS PASTOR'S ASSISTANT (ASSOCIATE! PKESS DISPATCH 1 SAX JOSR, C'al.. April 25. Fol lowing of the acceptance of the resig nation of Dr. (Maude Kelly, whose character was attacked in affidavits by F. B. Caton, a deacon in the church, and his daughter Eva, it was announced that Mr. Kelly would fill the position of pastor's assistant until "ahe should feel compelled to join her. husband, who is now in the east.' forbidding the annexation of any ter ritory without the consent of the men and women forming the population of the territory itself. 6. A resolution declaring war an excess of insanity, brought about by suggestion which leads people to de stroy in a short time what it has taken centuries to build up, will be put before the congress. 7. A motion declaring women re sponsible for war because they do not exercise their undoubted influence to prevent it, and calling on them to chum full politicnl rights so that they may be able to bring that influence to boar, will be debated. There are differing views on this question, which injects the suffrage question into the peace question. S. A motion calling attention to the sufferings of women brought about by war will be "adopted. Recently Miss Addams expressed Ihese views: "We do not expect to end the war. We have not much hope that our meeting will have this immediate ef fect; but we do believe that, as women, as mothers of men and of soldiers, we are in i without bias, and for t!ie settlement troubles. "The present system of diplomacy has failed; it lias plunged the world into a war the like of which it. never saw before. The peace congress is called by no organization; it is a spontaneous movement upon the part of the women of all nations. "The congress may have one of three lesults: It may be dangerous,, for -things may be said which should not be said, and this is n thing that must be guarded against. It may b futile, but we hope it will not. And it nay be productive of results far reaching and permanent." CENSORSHIP OE (Continued from Page One) that there was any abuse of the priv ilege accorded rifle clubs to purchase government arms, but the president desired to be in a position of saying that no arms in any amount and of any description were being sold to anyone, especially Krag rifles, as they were being reserved for issue to gov ernment rifle clubs under authority of the recent law. Since this law went into effect last summer over 250 rifle clubs have been organized throughout the country. X particular section seems to lie leading in this respect, although these clubs are more successful in the west, where it is easier to acquire anil maintain clubs in the open. The lack of ranges in the densely populated eastern sections of the country is go ing to materially retard the develop ment of rifle shooting in the east, un less the government should construct ranges that can be used at 20n and 3i0 yards near the larger cities, after the plans of protected ranges carired out in Germany and other foreign countries, which provide for the build ing of shields to catch all shots which would have missed the target, thus making them absolutely safe from stray bullets and accidental discharge of the rifle. The general staff of the army is now at work on a new code of rifle practice which can be used on such ranges and also on open ranges of the Xational Guard, where it is impossible to get distances be yond 3tm yards. Congress will be asked fit the com ing session to adopt a policy of range construction in the I'nited States. Every year that this is put off will add to the difficulties and cost to the government of eventually acquir ing such ranges, and without such .'ranges the government will never ob tain any adequate returns from its loaning to citizens of Krag rifles anil ammunition. Such clubs are now be ing organized at the rate of fifteen to twenty-five a week and the office of the Xational Rifle association of America, in whose hands the govern ment has placed the organization of these clubs, is a busy place. By ad dressing this association at Washing- position to meet, formulate plans of international bear with patience is discrimination by the censor between journal and jour nal, and the extension of the censor ship to matters which ought to be en tirely outside its ken. An illustration of both these offenses occurred this week. Monday's evening papers were allowed to mention that a full page appeal to the American people had appeared in the American press, but oe, e,e o.-t a, i.i iiiv f descriptive printed matter in re- subject of the appeal. The next day, . . thc mnvpmpnt mnv s j however, a morning paper was allowed c,Jrfd ,)y am. eUizen whf) is intMvstPl, ' to tell us that the appeal was against -n ,e m.,tter nf rifIe training in this the export of munitions of wjir. country Doubtless one of the censor's assist- ' ' No Krags for Phoenix I ants quelled what another tolerated,; Explaining the above dispatch, i ,nlt whnt is the state of mind of these preKident L. Roido of the Phoenix gentry when any of them can think Rjfle oIub sail, lust nBlt: fit to prevent the English people ..xhe government is issuing these I knowing that an agitation is in pro- r-;fiPS one to each five members in s' 'ca ayaiiisL me export rjne clubs, hut our club is getting of munitions of war." along with its own guns. Some time ' ago we sent money to Washington NAME YOUR FARM I for a stock of rifles, as did the Xo- In the current is.'-ue of Farm and gales rifle club, but the president's or Fireside, a contributor comments on der had just gone into effect and the the value of having a name for your, money was returned, farm. A name is of great impor- "By putting up the proper bond, any jtanee when it comes to advertising? five members of any rifle club may and selling the products of one's get one of the Krags. But our men farm. A suggestion is made that the don't want community guns. The name of the farm can be stenciled on ! Krags can now be bought for the farmer's mail box and that it land the Springfields for $12. ."0. Krags lean be otherwise displayed so that j given to rifle club members are still strangers in the country will be- the property or tne government anu come norma inted with it The author must be returned in call." of the article goes on to say: JOHN D. JR. MAKES REPLY TASSOCIATKll PRESS DISPATCH XEW YORK, April 25. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., gave out a state ment in answer to Frank P.' Walsh, chairman of the United States com mission on industrial relations, de claring false Walsh's statement that he. Rockefeller, had presumed to dic tate letters that went to he president of the I'nited States and the gov ernors of states, over the signature of the governor of Colorado. "Every farmer can find a fitting name for his farm, centering it upon some important feature or event. "The name of the farm may also be printed upon farm stationery. "The farm name on bushel crates and other packages often seems more appropriate than the owner's name." BAD PORTLAND FIRE (ASSOCIATED press dispatch PORTLAND, -pril ,25. Fire des troyed a dock and mill on the water front entailing a loss of $14o.00o and menaced the I'.roadway bridge over the Willamette river, but the firemen suc ceeded in saving it. Attractive Home You Can Live In It ATTACK AMERICAN'S RANCH f ASSOCIATED PI'.ESS DISPATCH OX HOARD V. S. S COLORADO GUAYMAS, April 25. Yaqui Indians recently attacked a ranch owned byj two Americans nawed Jones and Stev-j enson. in the Yaqui Valley. After a pitched battle in which several of the ranch peons were killed, the Indians were driven off. The governor sent the Americans fresh supplies and am munitions. o If Pi 'WI v -iuU$ -n.:.5 m "Whnt about It' "Xothing- SUCH A are you WALLOP two girls talking -are your ears burning?" Right in line with The Republic ans luuld .Now movement is this attractive and modern fi-room bun galow just' completed in Bella Vista Place hy J. M. Fogle for Mrs. Eva M. Venue of the Indian school. Some of the special features are a large screen sleeping porch for each bed roorn, screen room joining kitchen, containing stationary tubs, a screen reading porch, special built-in buffet and bookcases, fireplace, bathroom, hardwood floors throughout and handsome electrical fixtures. For summer comfort and coolness this home cannot be excelled because of the large screen, porch rooms and the absence of near buildings. The large lot affords ample space for gar den or chickens. Grass and trees have been planted, making this one of the most attractive humps in this addition. Twenty-minute car service to the city, sidewalks, and other im provements. The place is for sale or for rent to responsible people without small children. Apply to Venne at the In dian school. V