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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, May 24, 1915, Image 1

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If Any Member
Members of
or Group of
Surmises Solution, They
Are Keeping It Well to
Ob jection
port -11
ot' House to
Land Commission!
Section So Decisive It Is!
Not Likclv Lt Will lie'
Any member or group of members
of either house of j the logishitiir '
having a notion, if any, of the out
iimic of the situation in which tip
house left itself on Saturday after
noon, art keeping it to themselves.
The objection of the house t. th.
conference report on the land com
mission section was so decisive thai
there is not the slightest probability
that it will be withdrawn. There is
hardly less probability that the sen
ate will recede from its position on
ihat section and it will naturally as
sume that that position has been
strengthened by the agreement in
ont". rence. Kven if the house should
accept all of tli other conference
a?recnKnts this difference is enoug't
to tic up the situation.
If the house stands by its vote of
Saturday evening, there will be two
things it may do. One will be to
ask for a new conference of differ
ent managers or it may ask for a
renewal of the conference, with in
structions to its own managers. Of
course, if those instructions should
represent the present views of the
bouse the failure of the appropria
tion bill would take place in con
fer. ne rather than in either of the
Theie is a good deal of speculation
among the members as to the time
and the trims of the call for a I
second extra session. It was reported j
on Saturday that the call would be
issued on Tuesday and that it. would
include a recommendation for legis
lation on the suhjept of prohibition.
Whether or not that is the case, it
was stated by a man who ought to
know that the governor had decided
upon no time for issuing the call and
that h- could make no decision until
after the adjournment of the present
session. But it is understood that
he call when issued will provide
for a session to begin immediately
lifter this one.
BERLIN. May 2:5. Residents of the
little Saxon village of Bernsgrun
who do not pay their taxes will
hereafter be able to get no beer.
This is the decree issued by the
c!ty fathers, whose patience has been
exhausted endeavoring to make de
linquents settle the bills against them
for state. riiunnicijial, school and
church taxfs. They observed that
men who could not or did not pay
iheir Mxes nevertheless npepared to
have money to spend in the saloons.
This is now to be ended. The name.
.f the delinquents will be posted in
every saloon or other place where
liquor is sold openly, and no beer or
other drinks may be sold to them
no long Vis their back taxes remain
GENEVA. May 23. Joseph Sochmat
ter. known as the 'Englishman's
suii'e'-. has just died, aged 43. He was
weil known to hundreds of English and
American Alpinists, Sochmatter's fath
er and brother were killed on the Dent
Blanche in 1SS2 and he continued the
family reputation" of having the best
nicies in the world. In addition to the
Alps, he made climbs in the Rockies
and Andes. Among Swiss guides he
was considered the best rock climber
in this country. He did not know the
meaning of fatigue.
MARSHF1ELD. May 23. Efforts
made to save the stranded steamer
"luremont were unavailing.
Commend Pardon Board
For Its Resolute Stand
((Special to The Republican.')
I JAY, May i. Commending the
members of the board of pardons and
paroles for the firm stand they have
taken in the cases of the five men
i-.waiting execution at Florence, and In
rerusinjt to be swayed by an eleventh .
hour clamor, hundreds of citizens of I
Ray and uniting in a memorial which
wil- probably be presented to the board
next Tuesday. Copies of the resolu
tion are being widely circulated and
are being signed by practically every
resident of this district.
PARIS, May 2:!.-An official
note issued regarding the opera- I
tions in the Dardanelles, says a I
British submarine sunk two tor-
pedo boats ami two transports, j
imo of which was loaded with
troops. j
-sues I lis Judgment on
the Kikuvu Controversv.
Which Deal.
cals with Inipor-
rers ot hpiscoiial
taut Matt
Forms and Procedure
Special to The Republican.)
LONDON". .May 23. After a long in
terval the Archbishop of Cantbury has
issued his judgment on the Kikuyu
controversy. The questions at issue,
the 'archbishop recalls in his opening
paragraphs, were referred to the cen
tral consultative body of the I.ambeth
confer-nce for their advice. The con
sultative body met at Lambeth in the
week ending August 1. 1S14. The out
break of the war followed, and this
fact, the archbishop points out, made
it impracticable for him to prepare hk
statement as early as he would other
wise have done. Indeed, he says that
it was urged upon him in quarters en
titled to respect "that I should be jus
tified weie I now to leave the subject
in the limbo where into it has in the
march of larger events been pushed,
and to hold my peace." This course
the archbishop felt that fairness to the
three bishops and the consultative body
made it imrossible for him to follow.
The archbishop quote the replv
j which he made to the Bishop of Zanzi
bar in February. 1914, in which he de
clined to take proceedings against file
bishops of I'ganda and Mombasa for
heresy and schism. He announced then
that he proposed to ask the advice of
the consultative body as to whether
the provision of the "Projiosed scheme
of Federation of Missionary Societies'
embodied in the resolutions of the
Kikuyu conference contravene any
principles of church order, the observ
ance of which w.-is obligatory uon the
bishops, the clergy and the layworkers
of the church of England at home and
The second main question submitted
Jo the consultative body dealt specifi
cally with the celebration of the Holy
Oonuii union held at the close of the
Kikuyu conference, at which many of
those who communicated were not
members of the church of Kngland, and
had not been cpiscopally confirmed.
The arc hbirshop wrote: "I desire to ask
whether due consideration being given
to precedent and to all the circum
stances of the case, the action of the
bishops who arranged and conducted
the admittedly abnormal service in
question was. in the opinion of the
consultative body, consistent or incon
sistent with principles accepted by the
church of Kngland."
The advice tendered bv the consulta-
(Continued on Bage Sixi
0 OMi
(Special to the Republican) (some 20" young officers in training
OXFORD. Eng., May 22. The sum- here, and these are billeted in vari
mer term has opened at the university j iws colleges. The colleges are not
here under more striking conditions ; only depleted of their undergraduates
than any that, have existed since the
war brok out in August. Last term
there were between-lOOil and ltoO un
dergraduates in residence, but owing
to some 200 of those having
the army there will be only
joined i
1100 in
residence this term, as against the
usual 3(100 that were up at the uni
versity a year ago. There are still
Memory of the brutal murders of
four Americans by the band of Mex
ican outlaws who terrorized Ray last
August, is still fresh in the minds
of i;
citizens here, and much resentment is 1
felt at what is construed as an attempt
to save Alllalobo lrom the penalty lm-
posed by law. Failure to carry out the
sentence in such case, it is pointed out,
could not but have its effect locafly
tending to create the belief that such
would lesult in no more severe punish-
ment than a term in prison.
Celebrate Formal Open
inn f,f Steel Fink in
O.-O. Jii-invav
Governor Hunt, Lieut. Gov.
Eshehnan, aii'l Others on
the Program
sions to
Dam and
t Special to
The Republican)
Over five thous-
and people,, citizens of Arizona and
California gathered at the foot of
Main street this afternoon to wit
ness the dedication of the new steei
j highway bridge across the Colorado
liver, the connecting link in three
transcontinental aighways. The ce
remonies Mere marked by speeches
i by Gov. Hunt of Arizona. I.ieut. Gov.
biie ,-iu
m of California, Senator Ash-
nd representatives of automo-
lubs and highway associations
I on both siiier of the river.
j Following the address of welcome
by J. H. Westover, editor of the
Yuma Sun, Lieutennnt Governor Esh
clman ,f California extended the con
gratulations of the people of that
state, spoke of the advantages of
road building anil its effect on. the
development of the country and pro
phesied tnat the next few years
would see even greater advantages
in this section of the southwest.
Gov. Hunt said that the building
of the bridge marked another step
in the advance of Yuma and Ari
zona, and congratulated the citizens
of Yuma and Imperial counties upon
the completion of this important link
in the highway systrm. lie was fol
lowed by Senator Henry F. Ashurst,
who in a spiendid address, paid high
tribute to the builders ,f the south
west .and painted a glowing picture
of the future of the Yuma valley
Edward Fletcher of San Diego, sec
retary of the Southern National
Highway association, presented the1
greeting of that organization, and
told what the building of the bridge
meant to San Diego. The greetings
of the Automobil. Club of Southern
California were voiced by the secre
tary, Carl MeStay of T,os Angeles,
who congratulated the citizens of
both states on the completion of the'
structure. Phil D. Swing, former
county attorney of imperial county
voiced the congratulations of the
people of that section, and said that
the bridge would result in closer
relations between the people of the
two states. George .Michelson of
Yuma presided nt the meeting.
A concert by the Yuma Indian
band, and two numbers by the high
school chorus were features of the
celebration. The chorus rendered "I
Love You, California," and "Arizona''
and was warmly applaidcd.
State officials of both states, and
other prominent guests were taken
on a special train to the Tnguna
dam this morning, and later down
the Yuma valley to the international
line, twenty-four miles distant. To
night they are the guests of the
Commercial club at a banquet
at th.?
Arizona hotel.
big electric sign, which was
on for the first time last
is again a blaze of light to
The sign, which can he seen
twenty miles from trains from
west, consists of over TOO elec-
bearing the words.
Highway. Yuma."
but also of most of the younger fel
lows and tutors who have left to
serve theii king and country.
School of Engineering is
tnd many professors and uni
lecturers have also left the
university to serve in the army and
navy. There will be no university
cricket, no Summer Eights' Week,
and Commemoration will be shorn
of all its festivities, the "Encaenia"
being held this year in the Divinity
(school, and no honorary decrees con
The spacious new building of
Somerville college, adjoining the Eat
cliffe infirmary, have been taken for
a hospital for the wounded, and the
lady suilents there have been moved
to Oriel college, where the St. Marv
iHall quadrangle has been assigned
;.".; : : . v .' B
imuriru in uir lii ouniiK me win
ter months have mostly departed, the
infantry regiment leaving Oxford
on Wednesday. Great distress has
fallen upon the many lodging house
keepers, for whom the outlook is
gloomy in the extreme. At the the
ater there will be only one week in
wmcn ineaineai companies will ai-
lpear. For the remaining weeks
Jrieties'' have been arranged.
Citizens of
war mum by btaly
mist mmw
j , -
nc m nvumiiu
II-H' ci tjuifiii (out j
tfV-Mti-.il Am.-i-i,.- l-'.vf-f.i.t
Canada and Mexico, Arc
to le Present.
Conference Will Continue
Six Days, and After Its
Conclusion Tour of Im
portant Industrial
tors Will Po Made
WASHINGTON, May 23. Represen
tatives of all the countries of North.
South and Central America, except
Canada and Mexico, will meet here to-
morrow in the first Ban-American fin-
ancial conference, designed to aid the ;
commercial and banking interests of
each to solve the many problems that
confront them as a consequence of the
European war.
Eighteen countries accepted the invi- '
tation of the United States to send 1
representatives to the conference. Tlu i
gates appointed from each come from ;
chief industrial, commercial and fin- i
an. ial inter. stis. More than 2m) prom- ;
inert bankers a.id 1 nsiic.s men of the
I'nited Stat
h ive been invited to oar-
The puiposes of the conference have'
not been strictly defined but, broadly j
speaking, it is expected to take
problems of transportation, commerce
:ind finance. Secretary MeAdoo. who
was active in arranging tne meeting,
hopes that from it will come a know
ledge of conditions and inspiration
which may lead to those closer rela
tions between the I'nited States and
her southern neighbors which long have
been the aim oi American diplomacy.
The conference itself will continue
six days, but after its conclusion the
delegates will be taken on a tour of
some of the more important American
manufacturing and commercial centers.
Administration officials have spared no
effort to insure success for the con
ference. Congress lias
tppropriatcd I
"ii),(hmi to maUe the visitors guests oi
the nation. Bresident Wilson. Secre
taries Bryan. MeAdoo and Redfield,
other members of the cabinet. memlers
of the Federal reserve board, and mem
bers of the diplomatic corps will attend
sessions of the conference which will
begin -Monday morning with an address
of welcome bv tiie president on behalf
of the I'nited States and another by
Mr. Bryan on behalf of the state de
partment. One representative of each
invited country is expected to respond
briefly. At noon the same day, the
president will receive alt delegates in
the east room at the White House, and
the same night a larger reception will
lie given in their honor by Secretaries
Bryan and Mc-Adoo.
At the outset the conference will be
divided into committees tind there will
be only a few general sessions. There
will he one committee for each country
and five I'nited States delegates will
serve on each. The committees are
counted upon to learn the real needs
of the visitors and. when they desire,
report their findings in an open session
to all the others.
Although no attempt has been made
in advance to lay down a definite pro-
(Continued on Page Three)
Kurds And Turks
Are Massacreing
Many Armenians
LONDON. May 23. A joint official
statement from Great Britain. France
and Russia, says the past month the
Kurds and the Turkish population
of Armenia have been engaged in 1
massacreing Armenians, with the run- ;
nivance and help of the Ottoman au- ,
thorities. Inhabitants of about one !
hundred villages near Van were till as- j
sassinated and in the town itself the '
Armenia quarter was besieged by the
At the same time the Ottoman gov
ernment at Constantinople is raging i
against the inoffensive Armenian
population. In the face of these i
fresh crimes committed by Turkey, i
the allies governments announce pub- j
licly to the Sublime Porte they will
hold all members of that government
as well as the agents personally re- I
sponsible for such massacres.
! - .
of Coun-I
I Contemporaneous! v with Issuance ol General Mobiliza
! tion Order, Italian Government Officially Announces
j It Has Declared War Against Austria-Hungary
rirst Skirmish lakes Place When Alpine Chasseurs
Drive Austrian Patrol Across the Border Austrian
Hungarian Ambassador Handed His Passports and
Italian Ambassador at Vienna Recalled,.
ROME, May !':. Contemporaneously with the issu
ance of a ueneral mobilization order, the Italian oovem-
! meiit
official! v announced
against Austria-Hmiirai y.
troops came at Forceliini
tween Pont di Lcgno ant
crossed the frontier, but
Chasseurs and driven back across the border.
Tribuna says the state of war between Italv and
Austria will beii! on May -!. Pawn von Maeehio, the
Austrian-IIiinuarian ambassador, was handed his pass
ports at '':')() o'clock this afternoon and report says he
will leave tonight or in the morninir. Baron Avarna. the
Italian ambassador at Vienna, has been recalled.
Although drastic action had been
looked for momentarily, the Italians
of all classes have been electrified by
the swift moving of events. Early this
morning great crouds gathered
, around thi
listers, wh
(juirinal to await the min
called on the king for the
purpose of discussing the situation.
He was signing decrees. When Pre
mier Alexanders and Sonnino, the
foreign minister, left the. palace the
people cheered enthusiastically. Gen
eral Zuppe.ii, minister of war. and
Vice Admiral Viale, of the marine,
remained with the king a consider
able time after the others left.
When the first blow will be struck
is not foretold, but after many months
of preparation, the army, which has
and the
navy are ready. Exceedingly strong
forces are in position along the Austria-Italian
The German anibassadi
ir. I'rince
! von Buelow, and Austrian
dor Macchino are still in
far as known. They have
Uome so
waited to
hope that
prevent a
tiie last, doubtless in the
;a way would lie found to
I ( lash of arms. They will
safe conduct when they fe:iv
be given
e. So f;ir
i as the German and Austrian
dents of Italy are concerned.
every effort will be made to see
them out
, of the country safely. On the
hand most alarming reports
been received from
der towns that the
in Austrian Tyrol
the Italian
residents i
are experiencing I
.rcHt difficulty in returning to Italv
and in many cases have been placed
under arrest.
According to Giornale d'ltnlia the
problem concerning the diplomats ac
credited to the Vatican have been
solved satisfactorily. Austrian and
German diplomats, ignoring the situ
ation in Italy, will depart as if
merely taking their summer vacation s I
I efore the regular time. Extreme ! rlvPl there, has begun work on a tran
measurcs have failed and thus the ' slaiion of the Icelandic constitution
law of irnararitees remains untouched i "nil all bills and documents ill refer-
About soo.aOil Bavarians and Hun
h;i ve
been concentrated
May 23.
of Italy'
With the nn
! declaration of
"The best ever." was the opinion ex
pressed by hundreds of friends and
readers of The Republican in speak
ing of the Salt River valley edition of
02 pages issued yesterday. Brimful of
accurate information relating to the de
velopment and prosperity of the Salt
River valley, overflowing with stories
of the successes of scores of farmers
and others who have -made good" here,
teeming with illustrations that tell
stories without words, the entire sixty
two pages formed an epitome of the
advantage and resources of this spe
cially favored section.
Long before the edition was issued i
j order:: began coming into the office
and when the press actually started it
was lound necessary to increase the
run by several hundred to insure papers
for all. Hundreds of copies were mailed
out yesterday and hundreds of addi
tional tinier were received during the
day. -
' Send this paper back East," prom
ises to become a popular slogan during
the next lew days. The letters and ar
ticles furnished by the various farm
ers, teiling of their succetss under the
Roosevelt project, touched a responsive
chord in the minds of all who read
them and the demand was immeditfte
and insistent for the papers to be sent
to other states.
It was generally agreed that not only
from the point of the subject matter,
toni-'it it has declared war
The first skirmish of the
di Montozzo in the pass be-
Pcio. The- Austrian v.atrol
was attacked hv the Ita ban
:war against the Austrians, London
.awaited with deepest interest, the
! outbreak of actual hostilities between
'the form, r allies. Communication
across the Austrian-Italy border
been brought-to a standstill. Greece,
whose anxiety over the illness of
King Coiistantine has been increased
by a bulletin issued, is closely fol
lowing the situation as regards tho
relations between Austria and Italy.
Dispatches from Athens state the
war party is now gaining strength,
and that the recall of Ex-Premier
Venizelos is imminent. Rumania on
the other hand seems anxious to
ascertain the outcome of the great
Galician battles before she makes
her decision, while Bulgaria is wait
ing a more definite result of tho
attack on the Dardanelles. Rumania
may have some time to wait as
Russia has commenced a counter of
fensive against the Austro-Germans
who drove her third and the Carpa
thian armies back to the San and
Dnietser rivers, and ,m entirely new
battle is now developing. In the
Baltic provinces the Germans claim
to have defeated the Russian north
cm wing, and also repulsed the
Russians' attacks from the Duhjsa
and Niemen rivers.
TllX-lWV SI.,.. . TV. ln.,.,:. Ti '
. 1 ..... I . ..KM . 1 lie .liaeil IC l-.ll
Tj-umni. tfalirtn flmlwusfulnr to Tnrkev i
;m.i Kln f r -,, ipavins- Constant inoole. 1
according to an Athens dispatch to the i
Telegraph filed tonight.
COPENHAGEN, May 23. Newspap
ers received from Rejkjavik, the cap
ital of Iceland, report that the new
British consul, who has recently ar-
ence to the relations between Denmark j similar to Indian cotton, but in ivtis
anil Iceland, and has had engaged a j sia as in many other parts of the
number of translators to do this work, j world, the cotton farming caused !'
According to reports from Icelandic j the American civil war led to at-
I vessels, two British cruisers are now
cruising constantly off the eouth and
east coast of Iceland.
but from that of the illusrations pre
sented a better special edition of a
newspaper was never issued in Ari
zona. That it Would serve the purpose
of advertising widely the name and
the fame of this section, it was -Conceded.
The Republican still has a liberal
supply of these papers which can be se
cured at the regular price of five cents.
Inky Smoke Clouds Make
Way Through Rain Clouds
REDDING. May 23i Inky smoke
clouds occasionally dropped through
the rain clouds which circled Lassen
Peak today and curtained the. sum
mit. No violent eruptions are indi
cated tonight.
The eruption was seen at Sacra
mento from the cupola of the state
capitol, 175 miles away. Automolhle
parties left cities one hundred miles
and more away to witness the spec
tacle. Reports came from Montgom
ery Creek of the flight of families
from Hat Creek valley, and of the
enormous size of the mud flow. Doz
ens of homes and th best farming
Result of War Will Be
Emphasize- Value of
Russia's Native Cotton
Crop to Her Cotton Man
ufacturing Industries.
irjnvTT?Vnr,VT TO
Irrigation Is Only Means
by Which Cotton Grow
ing Is Possible in Turkes
tan System Came from
the Chinese.
associated press dispatch
VETROGRAD, Kay 23. One result
of the war, in the opinion of econ-
omists and manufacturers here, will
be to emphasize the value of Russia's
native cotton crop to her cotton
manufacturing industries, and there
will certainly be renewed efforts on
the part of the government to en
courage the extension of the crop.
The government already has plans
in hand for extensive developments
in this direction both in Russian
Turkestan and in Trans-Caucasia,
these being the two principal cottou
growing districts.
In Turkestan, cotton growing is
possible only under irrigation, which
is supplied by a number of rivers
flowing from the mountains into tin
plains. Irrigation is snid to have
been introduced here by the Chinese,
in the first century of the Christian
era, and some of the old works are
still in existence. The government's
plans for further developments in
this region include extensive engin
eering works, which would nearly
double the area at present available
for cotton cultivation.
The area at present under cotton
in Russia is estimated at 1.23O.O00
acres. The average yield is very
high, lieing given by one authonty
., .5 .i..f 1..3 tl.ov, Oii nnimilu ..1 1 i ,1 1
a-". in... I .T-, liic.ii o'." lyvumin m- i.u
ner acre, as nereinst 00 tiouuds in
America and 100 nounds in India.
The best districts are said to yieia
an average of about 450 pounds.
The development of cotton growin?
has been fostered by the high import
duty of nearly six cents a pound
imposed upon imported cotton. The
j Russian cotton-growing districts are
! the most northfily cotton growing
j proas in the world, being five degrees
further north than thex limits of cot-
ton growing in the I'nited States.
I The native cotton is of rough staple.
tempts to
the plant
first tried
extend the cultivation of
and to introduce foreign
Sea Island seed was th
but proved unsuitable.
Later on trials
erican upland
were made with Ani
seed, which proved
successful. It soon became acclima
tized, and was generally adopted
wherever possible, on account of its
superior quality and higher yield.
The increase in the Russian crop
is the most important contribution
t,o the world supply that has been
made by any country in the world,
with the possible exception of China,
during the present century. In the
further development of new cotton
areas, there are two chief considera
tions, labor and transportation. The
labor supply is already short and
the deficiency must presumably be
supplied by encouraging immigration
from other thickly populated purts
of the Russian Empire. The im-
( Continued on Page Five
and stock land in the valley lay- di
rectly in the channel of the flow.
By six o'clock the flood of mud and
lava had reached and submerged the
ranch of Wilbur Wilcox. Its peoplo
had escaped, driving tho livestock
before them. Charles Opdyke and
Fred Larkin who set out to inves
tigate in the danger zone, were
driven back by the gas-poisoned at
mosphere. Other
volcano, and
Eruptions Reported
May 23. The Iliamma.
an unidentified peak on
(Continued on Page Five)

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