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V THE ARC AW INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR 8 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 26, 1015 8 PAGES VOL. XXVI. NO. 8 SON. A KJEPUB1ICAN III GIVES REASONS FOR GOING TO WAR Addresses Note t Neutral iovcinnients of World Reviewing Negotiations at Time of Austria's Ul timatum to Serbia. SAYS AUSTRIA DISTURBED PEACE Failure to Consult Italy Before Sending Ultima tum Seriously Affects Interests of Italy Under Treat v with Austria. t ASS.lTIATrD PRESS dispatch WASHINGTON. May 23. Italy has addressed to the neutral governments f the world a lengthy communication explaining her reason far declaring war against Austria. Count Di Cellero, tTie Italian ambassador, presented the doc ument to Secretary Bryan in the form t.f a note to tho I'niled States. It re vlrxvs the negotiations between Italy an.l Austria revealing that they begqn immediately upon the dispatch of Aus tria's ultimatum to Serbia. Italy claim: then that the action of Austria disturbed the equilibrium of the Palkans and the peace of Kurope in way that vitally affected the Italian interests. As an ally of Austria, Italy asst rts In r right to have been consulted before sending the ultimatum, the first new enf which was received through the newspapers. Failing to obtain through diplomacy, satisfaction of her territorial and national aspirations, It.ily announces in the note that the declaration of war was the only means -f safegunrding her position in Kurope. The note as translated and issued from the Italian embassy -says in part: The triple alliance was essentially defensive and designed solely to prep-rye status ouo or in other words Mtiilibrium in Kurope. That these were its only objects and purposed was es tablished by the letter and the spirit of the treaty as well as by intentions le-erly described and set forth in the ffiolal nets of the ministers who cre ated the alliance and confirmed and renewed it in the interest of pence which always inspired the Italian pol icy. "The treaty as long as its intents and purposes had been loyally interpreted are! regarded and as long as it had not 1-ecn Usui as a pretext for aggression scguinst others, greatly contributed to the elimination and settlement of catis s of conflict for many years anil as Furrd to Kurope the inestimable bene fits of peace. "But A astro-Hungary severed the treaty by her own hands. She rejected the response to Serbia, which gave to her all the satisfaction she could legit imately claim. She refused to listen to conciliatory proposals presented by Italy in conjunction with other powers In an effort to ppare Europe from the vast conflict certain to drench the con tinent with blood and reduce it to ruin heytinj conception of the human im agination and finally she provoked that conflict. "Article One of the treaty embodied the usual and necessary obligation of smti pacts and a pledge of the ex change of views upon any political or economic questions of a general nature that might arise. Pursuant to its terms none of the contracting parties had the right to undertake, without previous .agreement any step of consequence that might Impose a duty upon other sig natories arising out of the alliance or -which in a way whatsoever would en croach upon their vital interests. This article was violated by Austro-Hun-itary when she sent Serbia a note dated July 23. 1914, an action taken without the previous assent of Italy. "Thus AuFtro-Hungary violated be yond doubt one of the fundamental provisions of the treaty. The obliga tion of Austro-Hungary to come to a Ircv'us understanding with Italy was irreater because her obstinate policy jgalnst Serbia gave rise to a situation which directly tended to the provoca tion or the Kuropean war. "As far hack as the beginning of July tho Italian government, preoccupied by the prevailing feeling in Vienna, caused to be laid before the Austro-IIungaiVn government a number of suggestions of the impending difficulties." WEATHER TODAY WASHINGTON. IX C, May 25. For Arizona, fair. Italy's Entry Into War Will Make War Duration Shorter t ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH 1 I KT R M RAD, May 25. "Italy's entry into the war will make the" war or much shorter duration; it will have an enormous influence on the attitude of neutral countries and will lead to the reapproachroent of state whose interests seem at pres ent to be opposed," said Scrgius Saz onoff. Russian foreign minister to a correspondent of Reuter's. He, said he did not believe that Uulgaria will AUSTRIA STRIKES FIRST BLOW ITALY SUCCESSFULLY COUNTERS iiuihw ,,, , nmntmmmtmmmuimmmmtmmjmiMMmkmtmmm XJ - w - . -HMthw J.--'-,:5t -:' . - T - MeSJ.V -' . . ' - MHvi - .. . P Ax ; X & jMi ft; ' SI r ?'XJ'.r K-8i v5 ftfc , i J v . n , -fife. X with vui pti - lor .trim at ustrn . , . v Jt I C N 5 ' frcnlier; Ita'icn lancers en way to I ji.' v .- .. ?-. -J:. :' military camu nt Austrian Iron- ? ? . . . v.1 'i, -Hi. - : tt.-r: Italian Aliiine t rnona march- I -iAv.. ... s. I & .1 ' injr through one of the towns mar tSiv.. T . iai.' ' ' i.j btrdcr. v , ' , i . t ".:..: . v RESOURCES OF IL SL TO AID Delosfatfs Count rit: tions of Nations of i (iivc NitiIs Bet on; LlU'litfOlli 1 lana of Their ti.o naiK-inl Conference. (ASSOCIATED PP.ES3 DISPATCH WASHINGTON". May 23. The story 1 of how the vast resuurrcs of tho I'niii d States may be used to aid tliu republicH j of South ami Central America in clear ing away difficulties caused by the Ku- j roean war, was told in part to he j business men and bankers, who repre sent this nation at the Fan-American finam ial conference. "In "Group con ferences," delegates from eighteen countries bgan explanations of their pcculi.ir needs and indicated in what way capital and credit could be ised to the best advantage to strengthen trade relations. The gen i ll session of the conference was marked with a dramatic speech by Dr. Santiago Triana, delegate frorn Co lombia, who waved the flag of i'an Amerieanisru and declared that thiH hemisphere should be for Americans, lie proposed a new version of the Monroe doctrine that will make it im possible in the future of one American nation to covet a foot of a neighbor's territory nor invade her sacred soil. . It was a speech such as bad not been heard at the conference, and was de voted largely to questions of commerce and trade. The delegates greeted it (Continued on Page Four) ITALY SODS By TROOPS MID SHIPS TO SIDE OF THE ALLIES ROME, May Italy into the 25. The entrance of war throws close to 2,fi00,000 thoroughly trained and splendidly equipped soldiers into the scale on tho side of the allies on land, and a fleet of sixteen battle ships, si of them powerful dread noughts, into the forces at sea. The months that have intervened since the outbreak of the war and Italy's move against Russia under any cir cumstances. "In any rase," the foreign minister continued, "no hostile power can henceforth lie reinforced at the ex pense of any neutral country what ever! lie declared the Italy-Serbian relations are perfectly amicable, and that Russia's task with regard to Serbia will not be fulfilled unless Serbia received a free outlet on the Adrin'ic. "I have declared," he add ed, "that Serbia will have free ports which will be absolutely her own." . -i . ' , IE " "? SEVERAL TOWNS FALL BEFORE ITALIANS AND A US TRIA NS RO UTED Although Von Hinden'mi' "Is Jiejiorted in Command ex the Au;-tr-.!-( lenn;,n Troops. Jtaly J!as .Fore stalled Jlim. AS.IOCIAIRII l'KKSS DISPATCH) liO.VDoN, May 2T.. Austria struck fiist with the navy and air craft along Italy's east coasi: Italy prompt ly coi-nwred by throwing a consider able body of troops across the north eastern frontier, and occupying a stretch of Austrian territory along the river Isonzo. Thus, although Field Marshal Von Ilindcnbr.ru. whose reputation for forcing matters, was reported in command of the Austro Germ.in troops" new front, Italy in a sense forestalled him. Heme officially announces that I Italians occupied a number of com intervention have boon utilized in learnfhg all the lessons to Ih taught by the campaigns on both fronts and in preparing both army and navy to tin- last button." Italy has had an army of at least . 00ii,(i(i0 men massed along the Aus trian frontier, facing a probably nu merically inferior force of Germans and Atfitrians, who, howcer, noM the upuer ground and are undoitht i cly strongly fortified. I Military experts, however, agree that there is at least a. strong prob ability that there, will be made no serious attempt to invade Austria by direct frontal attack. The frontier Mill be strongly held against counter-invasion, it is thought. but a large proportion of the Italian army will go to battle either in France, to al tempt a landing on the Dalmafiou coast, or to reinforce iho expedition ary army now fighting to force the Dardanelles, with the, probabilities Mronvly favoring the last contin gency. Thi.-i hs been repeatedly' confirmed in the last (Vr weeks by reports of a great concentration of troops ships at ISrindisi, Otranlo anel other ports favorably situated for the em barkation of a force for the Orient. 1 paratively important towns nnd com pelled the Austiians to retreat. This, ! in ! rid", ;:uroma ri'.es the first thirty 'six hours of tt:c newest phase of the ; over -widening Kurojean conflict, 'which being new appeals to popular iniatrinat ien. rr'ther sated by the seem ingly unending struggle in other the : .iters of war. Germany's claims ein- brace both the oast ami west, notably 1 around Vpros and north of Frzeniysl. , In the latter region it is announced that General Mackenzen is again I surging forward, taking a colossal ' number of prisoners. The llritish ; admit they have boon unable to en j tirely reform the line dented by the ', Germans east of Ypres. j The most interesting statement in ; the Fritish announcements is that j"with due precautions," gas attacks can be "met and defeated." This is i ... . , I (Continued on Page Four) -o- Treaty Signed By China While Group Five Waits TaSSOCIATKU l'KKSS MSPATCHl PFKING, May 2.". Two treaties be tween China and Japan, together with thirteen r.e'tes were signed by the Chinese foreign of lice. This act brought to a conclusion negotiations which have been going on since Jan uaiy when Jaoan, shortly after the fall of the German position. Kino Chow, prt-sonteel her well known de mands to China. Discussion of Japan's demands are at an end until such time as the five article's reserved for future argument arc brought up for consideration. The first treaty deals with Shan Tung, the second with South Manchuria and eastern Inner Mongolia. The only difl'irence between the terms of the ultimatum .sent by Japan, anil the treaties as signed is in the substi tution one for another of mining rights in South Manchuria. The Japanese endeavored to obtain other alterations, notably, the omis sion of the words "south" and "east ern," before Manchuria and Inner Mongolia, respectively, as well as the substitution of the words "Liao Tung peninsula." for "Dalny," and "Port Arthur," but the Chinese representa tives fought and obtained strict ad herence to the terms of the ultima- anctji,,,,, -Japan lodged heavy claims against China for injuries to Japan f:i!ljoi-ts and goods at llan Kow re cently by Chinese mobs. f D'C EMr. LI I U lit. Former New York Police Lieutenant Must Die in i Flectric Chair Within! Six Weeks Unless (Jov-j ernor intervenes. i CONVICTION IS I1FL1) PI JO P Fit Fate Rests with Fxecutivei Who. as District Attor-i nev. Prosecuted Jlim at Koth Trials for Murder of (Jaml)ler Itosenthal. I ASSOCIATKD I'ltKSS DISPATCH AI.HANY, New York, May 25. Charles Decker, former Now York po lice lieutenant, must die in the electric chair at Sing Sing prison within the next six weeks for the murder of Her man Rosenthal, a Ne w York gambler, by four gunmen on July IS, F1-. unless Governor Whitman or the United Stale's supreme court intervenes. The punt of appeals of Now York affirmed the conviction of Becker by a jury in the supreme court at the fceeond trial held se''eral months ago. The same; court granted Ue-ckcr a now hearing alter the first trial " Uie ground that Presiding Justice Golf erred, 'executive clome'iicy for P.ooker is regarded as remote. As district at torney of New York county the pres e'nt governor prosecuted the.' former po lice lieutenant both times. The date of Pecker's execution may not be set nor the death warrant signed until next 'week eiwing to the absence of Phe judgfK. The law prescribes that thes execution must lake place not le-ss 1han four or more than six weeks after the decision is handed down. The prevail ing opinion of the court, written by Chief Judge Partlott, held the s"cond trial fair mil free etf error. Judge lio gar. alone dissented. He submitted no writte'ii opinion. The statement made by "Dago Frank"' Cirofioi, jiust before his execu tion at Sing Sing, that as far as he knew Xleeker Iiael noth:ng tei do with the killing of Rf.sentlinl, was rightfully exclud'u from the evidt nee at lU'e-ker's second trial. Judge partlott held. The opiniein says: "It is generally believed the sense of speedily impending death operates to induce one to tell the truth. We are asked to hold this influence to be ju';t i'S efft'oti ve- in the case of any witness whei is about to tlie as it is de-emed to be in the cse eif a victim of homicide. As to the argument ill favo.- of admit ting the evielencer e.- such a .le'ekiration as that alleged to have been made by 'Dago Frank', it miv be observed tno influence of approaching death might l e very different in the case t, an in iiocent victim of a crime from what it would be in the case of a guilty mur derer condemned to die, un'ess rufn bers ef innocent men huv-? suffe-red capital punishment in this country and many criminals have died on the gal lows with a lie uo in their lips. "The case as presented at tho second trial differed mat ria.'' v from the case as presented at iho first The actual killing of Rosenthal by the gunmen was not controverted nor was the ageney of Rose, Webber and Harry Vallon in emploving them. The cpies tion was who instigated Webber, Rose and Vallon to cause the murder to be done. Wore they moved to act by a fraternity of New- York gamblers, largely represented on the Sam Paul excursion, who dreaded the destruction of tbtir business by Rosenthal's threat ened disclosures, or did they hire the gunmen to shoot Rosenthal at the in- BECK in uiitii ib nun WHIN GOV. SQUARE DEAL EOR FINES IS URGED BY MARICOPA CITIZENS Urging a square deal for the min ing interests of the state, over 100 taxpayers anel representative citizens of the valley met last night at the Adams hotel and unanimously adopt ed a resolution calling on the mem bers of the Maricopa delegation in the legislature to use their best ef forts to have the governor include in his forthcoming call some provision for mine tax legislation. A resolution recommending the organization of a Ma'icopa County Tax .Payers' league also passed without a dissenting vote. The meeting was called to order by David Goldberg, who introduced President Harry Fennomore of the chamber of commereo as chairman for the evening. Mr. Fennomore. review ing a recent conference on the mat ter of securing a. main line railroad for Phoenix and the Salt River val ley, spoke of the importance of tho building of a through line nnd of what it would mean. He brought out the fact that the prosperity of the railroads, the mines and the agricul tural interests we're all linked to gether, and called attention to the necessity for co-operation if anything ef lasting importance was to be ac compllshed. He then called on Ku gene Hackett, who told of the per plexing problem of mine and railroad H0USE HAS x... i nrjni nnr SENATE'S FINAL TOUCH I CELEBRATORS' BULLETS FALL OVER LINE DOUGLAS, May 25. A numU-r of bullets fell here from Agua I'rieta. where the Carranza garri son indulged in heavy filing in eeleliiation eif the new victory by Obregon near Monterey. During the celebration it was reported that two women were attacked anel Frank Gardner, an American, wounded anil robbed. No one wan hurt here. Jesse liisky, a negro, reported to the United States military officials that a bullet struck his house a few feet from where? his wife was standing. Adoption, of a Resolution Comniendini!: Its Cour.'i'.'e ajje and Conscience in Its Discharge ol' a Most Dis agreeable Dutv. As an offset, a counter-irritant, to the house resolution requesiiDg the bctard of pardons end paroles to re conslder its determination not to in terfere in the ease- of the five men condemned tr be hanged at Fioronc-e eii Friday and to recommend a re prieve of sixty days too sinte senate yestcrelay afternoon adopted a reso lution commending the board for its courage, its upholding of the law in the face of a disagreeable task an.l its executie n of the instructions that the people iiac1 .given it. The senate has had in contempla tion such a resolutir.n ever sir.ee the adoption by the house of its resolu tion but on account of tho already strained relations between tho twei bouses it was decided tei defer ac tion until the general apt roprlation biil had been disposed of in the house. If. was alse brought to the atten tion of the senate that the members of the hoard of pardons and parole"! had been embarrassed by tho action of tho house; that though it recog nised that the action of the house was not official and hat such a law (Continued on Page Three) stance of Pecker. There is nothing to indie ate the gunmen were actuated by any personal hostility toward the man killed. They were simply murderers for hire. Rose, Webber, and Vallon, upon the truth or falsity of their tes timony to this effect depends the guilt or innocence of the defendant." Justice isenbury held it to be correct in admitting the testimony of Shapiro, the chauffeur of the "murder car," who testifieei he heard one of the gunmen say; "Leave him turn around; that P'cker has the cops fixed up: every thing is all right." According to the opirioi this testimony tended to strengthen the proof that a conspiracy to which Rocker wns a part, existed. The opinion also held the point raised by Pecker's counsel that the second trial "was staged in an atmos phere designed to be hostile to the de fendant and highly prejudicial to his rights." was not well taken. taxation, anil cited as one example the assessment of the Ray and Gila Valley at $ J 1 4.000 per mile. A bet ter understanding between the various interests of the state, he said, was what was needed, and he urged that every interest, be given a seiuare deal. (Continued on Page Five) I PARDON BOARD HAS APPROVAL OF THE SEIATE Unruly Prisoner Stabs Five Two of Whom May Die associated press dispatch DOS ANGFUKS, May 25. Taken to the county jail because of making a disturbance in the streets outside. H. j W. Cecil stabbed five prisoners, two ! perhaps fatally, when he was re leased from his cell two hourn later. He seriously wounded Percy Tngwell, sentenced for life to San Quentin, for tho murder of Mrs. Maud Kennedy, but awaiting an appeal to the state supreme court, and Ray Darth. await ing trial on a burglary charge. They were stabbed under the heart. The FINISHED t t s-t t- t t t Prompt and Favorahle Ac tion Is Expected This Momin,' on the Confer ence Re) tort, Followed by Final Adjournment. BR FA KING POINT ALMOST RFACIIFD House Had Just Enough Yotes to Injure Adop tion of Peport Fight Centered about Attack on Governors Power. By the narrowest of margins, the conference report on the general ap propriation bill passed the house late yesterday afternoon and was trans mitted to the senate. No action was taken on it by that body for the rea son that on account of the absence eif so many ejf the members there were not enough in the chamber or in the city to adopt the report if all of the votes laid been affirmative. By reason of the emergency clause two-thirds of the votes of the total membership of the senate must be recorded in its fav e.r. Thirteen make two-thirds. There were only eleven present. Dr. Bacon and Mr. Goldwater and other absen tees will reach the city today. Preimpt and favorable action on the report anel final adjournment are expected today. It was expected that the report of the second conference committee would be ready yesterday morning but after brief sessions by both houses word came from the eeimmittee room that the re port could not be prepared before two o'clock and there being no other busi ness to be transacted a recess was taken until that hour. It was not long after that that the re port was brought into tho house. A statement was made by Chairman Pow ers of the appropriations committee and one of the house managers regard ing the deliberations especially with reference to the items to which the house had objected in the first report: the sections relating to the land com mission, the tax commission and the subdivisions making appropriations for the office of the auctitor and the attor ney general. Mr. Powers said that the report had been signed by five of the six conferees. Senator Martin hail Figned only that part of it which he had assisted in making up. It "was not meant that he disapproved of any other part of it. Concessions by the House As to the tax commission appropria tion the house had acceded to the de mand of the senate. As to the land commission, the senate had yielded to an increase of to $5235 to pay the sal ary and expenses of the employes of the commission to the end of the fiscal year with the understanding that no part of the amount was to be used for the salaries of the members of the com mission. The senate had insisted on the repeal in the bill of the following statutes: that providing for the state school, that providing for the salaries of the land commission and that pro viding for certain expenses of the cor poration commission. The only important concession made hy the senate was an agreement to strike out the Goldwater veto amend ment providing that a veto by the gov ernor of any item of the bill should not have the effect of reviving any statu tory appropriation concerning It. But in place of this amendment the senate conferees had insisted on placing four repealing clauses referring to statutory appronriations. It was this insistence that came near wrecking the report in the house. Mr. Pinkley objected to the location of the clauses In the bill. He eaid that he would not object if they were put into the section or subdivisions to which they referred but situated as they were, they constituted an interference with the constitutional power of the gover nor whereupon Mr. Christy remarked, "Now. you have come out with it. I have been expecting it." Though there were some other points of dispute, especially the agreement with reference to the tax commission appropriation, for "other help", the ob jection to the insistenee of the senate was not strenuous. But all afternoon the fight raged about these repealing clauses. It was charged by their op ponents that they were really worse than the Goldwater amendment. The senate, they said, had succeeded in put ting something over. (Continued on Page Three) I injuries of the other three are not serious. Although no weapons were found I on Cecil when he was first taken to 'jail, he brandished a pocket knife j when the jailers, who believed he had quited down, eipened the door of the jcell to release him. Prisoners in the corridor scattered, but were not quick enough to escape the knife, according to deputy sheriffs who cornered Cecil a few moments later. A complaint charging Cecil with as- sault with intent, to etimmit murder :was issued and he was put in solitary confinement for the night.