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TELE ARIZONA RE PUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR 30 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FliTDAY MORXTNfi, MAY 2S, Wlo 30 PAGES .VOL. XXVI. XO. 30 SHADOW OF THE GALLOWS THROWN OVER LEGISLATURE Messages from Secretary of State Bryan, Villa and Others Causes (Jovernor t True Action on Part of Hoth Houses ilorsK DECLIXES: SENATE IS FTRM Instead of M ('moralizing Boanl of Pardons foCom umte Sentences, Renews Its ( 'oninieiidation of the Board's Previous Action The shadow of , the gallows v:;i t I'.r-'wu ai Tiis both legislative h:m - j i-m yest?rday aft. rtmon. Tin- house .H.k no notice of it at .ill and the j 7-.i-.iif declined to ho srampeoe.i. l"t." in the afternoon' there was j LiiiMiiitleti t' i.tli houses a mi'- j -ng- from the governor accompanied by -oit-s of dispatches the t'mtrn.iri had re. ivi .l from Secretary 'f j Si te' Bryan, General Francisco ' i ! ami Governor Maytorenu of Soiiora. ' Th'ii'ith ihi s,' messages seemed to ' .lc.il with nuitters with which the J - ntiers wtre not familiar, conveying ihe notion that they hail been in ite.l from this state. The messages tr.-tn Villa and Maytorona merely -l: t. .1 lhat they had been informed thai five of their countrymen had I., en condemned to death, though it net known ihat any of them with ;!ie exception of Villaloln arc Mexi can ntizns. Some of them, at least, were not horn in Mexico. The governor in his message feared that ti e hanging of these nlarderers l'-lay would lead to reprisals against Am-iican citijns in Mexico. The following 's the governor's in- s-aae Mav 1913. To the Senate. "Second State Legislature of Ari zona. :e'itiem-n : ' It be eines lay duty to transmit I-., r. v. iPi copies of telegrams received a; ice Execative Office f t m Hon. .ii. J. ISryan. Secretary of -:tate of t'n i'niied States, General Frmcisco V.ll.i of the Republic of Mexico, and lion. Jose M. Maytorona. "governor f Sonora. Mexico, relative to the f.ve condemned men whose execu C'lis are scheduled: lo wvur :.t the .r'n:i State prison tomorrow. May .'. It should, furthermore he added, with reference to the telegram re--ivl from the Honorable Secretary f Sritc of the l.'nited States, that ii-.- information conveyed by the i ;nvtTnr's office relative to the ap proaching executions was furnish, d ' v wire in rr.'poiue 1 j the tcle-"i-aphic request r-f the State De partment, copy of whieh is handed oii herewith. ""These three . telegrams, of course, are being; transmitted together for the reason that each bears upon the smo subject, namely,, the possible . ffe. t of the imendin hangings on int. rnational relations involving' the Itiiiod States and Mexico, and the' l.s.sihility of subjecting' Americans resi.ling- in Northern Mexico to an unnecessary risk through the hold ine of an execution of the nature .itlin- d above. It will be observed, in reading the telegram attached hereto, that the Secretary f ftnte of the t'nited States, fully realizing the precarious M.sitoii of Americans in Northern Mexico and the necessity of preser ving harmonious relations with the ;M--opIe in the southern republic, sug gests to the State Government of Ariz .na the advisability of granting i'iiitations of sentence in the cases of the five condemned men. and urges that, in any event, the penal lies imposed upon the prisoners flhov.' referred to be suspended for the punofe of enabling the state department of the t'nited States to leal j.rornrly and thoroughly with a s ibject fraught with such serious ness and unfortunate possibilities as is the summary putting to death of five men of Mexican birth, in whose w elf-.re their fellow -countrymen have vince1 the deepest interest. "As I recognize perfectly that the memlw-rs of your honorable body will e M'aa k to discern the great im portance which attache to the rep- fContinued on page Three) Daniels Asks What Is The Matter With Submarines (asiociaieo press dispatch WASHINGTON, May 7. With unofficiaJ reHrts indii-atlng half of ttie twelve submarines assigned to i he war irame with the Atlantic fleet were al least partially ineffective. Secretary Daniels announced his de determination to make a thi-omrh investigation and find the cause and if Mssil.le ask for a remedy for the t.Mi frequent breakdowns of the un derwater craft. Ianiels said: ""With the growing: importance of the submarines I feel f.wi much attention cannot be paid ( this branch of" the service and very effort of the department will be GRAVES DUG, BUT LOOKS LIKE BE NO HANGING l Special to The Republican.) FLORENCE, Ariz... May 27. At this hour, seven x'clock, there is an im pression here that there will lie no hanging at the state prison tomorrow. Though the graves have been dug for the five men and everything! is in readiness for the execution, there is i.ot that air of gloom that usually prevails the night before. 1 have Lcen talking;, with the condemned nun and found them in good spirits; they were laughing and chatting and, altogether, taking: a hopeful view of tiie case. Attorney General Jones and Super Pretty Weil Settled XoW That Hoard of Pardons' and Part des Will Adhere j to Determination Not toj Recommend Clemencv Special lo The Uepublican. ' ll.OIiF.NCK, May -7. (la p. m.) It is pretty well settled now that the board of pardons and paroles will adhere to its determination not to interfere in the eases of l'erez. Cha vez, Kodriguez. 1'eralta and Villa lobos sentenced to be hanged at the state pirson tomorrow between the hours of lit a. m. and 4 p. m. A meetins of the board was held to night and no action was taken. Messrs. Struckmeyer and Jeiukes in behalf if the condemned men were present at the meeting and at the close of it they asked the members of the board what action would like ly be taken with reference to the condemned men. The members of the board made no reply. It was an nounced that a meeting of the board would be hehl in the morning but it v.s understood tonight lhat the members had not been impressed by the avalanche of telegrams anil pe titions that have been received and that they are unmoved by the com munications from 1'hoenix today transmitting' the messages from Bryan, Villa and Maytorena. Messrs. Struckmeyer and Jenckes, convinced that no hope was to be expected from the board left tonight bv automobile for Tucson, bearing BOARD NOT LOOSEENDS OF BUSINESS KEEP LEGISLATURE STILL AT WORK In spite of the belief on Wednesday night that the extra session of the leg islature would come to an end yester day, the loose ends of the business had not, been . gathered up late yesterday afternoon when both houses adjourned to ten o'clock this morning'. The work of going over the appropriation lulls for en-ors of typewriting was in prog ress all day and there was yet the tax levy bill to pass. That was being- pre pnred in the office of the auditor and it was stated lhat it would be finmhed a little after noon. But it had not been completed by the middle of the after noon w hen the house adjourned for the day. It appeared, also, that despite the anxiety of the memliers to close the session, there was an unwillingness to (piit it until it had been ascertained what would happen at Florence today. As to the second extra session, a proposition has been made to hold it at I'rescott and the laws and the con stitution have been searched for a pro hibition against such a removal of the legislative branch of the government. It was stated that a justice of the su preme court had replied to an inouiry that thefe was no prohibition. The directed toward improving the rec crds of, the submarines in the recent maneuvers. if the twelve which came to New York, one was unable to proceed and various others suffer ed breakdowns necessitating repairs of greater or less importance, which took them out of the game varying lengths of time. In the meantime plans for the twenty-six new sub marines authorized by the last con press are beings pusheiT" with all pos sible speed. These include two more sea going vessels which we w;ill try to make the last word iii such' craft. All the submarines in J rouble', were of the old style desiincd before 1912." intendent Case of the board of pa roles have just arr;vcr. flintnboi frott of the board has been here all day. A meeting" is to be held fit eight o'clock. The impression is that the attitude of the board will remain unchanged but there is an impression that some way will be found by the prison authorities to evade the ex ecution. Attorneys Allen and Abbey of this city this afternoon started a move ment for an appeal in the ease of Villalobos from the judgment of the lower court sentencing him to death, though the time for taking an appeal had expired. INTERFERING SAWTELLE LAST RESORT a.pplica lions by the five men lor writs of habeas corpus. An arrangement has been made by telephone with Fedral Judge Sawtelle lor the pre sentation of the application stomrrow morning at half past eight o'clock. County Attorney Hilz.iiisrer of I'ima county will represent Jhe office of the attorney general at the hearing. He is well fortified with decisions all tending to the opinion that the federal court is without jurisdiction in this matter. Among them is the case of Dai-rant, the San Francisco murderer, in whose behalf an appli cation was made to the t'nited Slates court on the eve of the date of his execution,- on precisely the same grounds on which the application is made. If Judge Sawtelle should re fuse to take jurisdiction that will be the end of the matter. If hi- should deny the writ which by the way would be directed against Warden Sims an appeal will be taken but in the opinion of attorneys that would not carry with it a stay of execution. If the writs are granted the execu tion will, "f course, be postponed. opinion in Florence tonight, as to what will happen tomorrow is divided. Hut at the prison there i. an air of buoyancy among the prisoners who do not believe there will be a hang ing. Warden Sims is in a jovial mood, such as would not sit on one who expected to semi five souls into eternity the next day. The wife of Chavez, the Jerome murderer, nnd their little boy spent the day with him. Chavez spnt the most of the time laughing and joking with the child. constitution requires that the legisla ture shall be held biennially at the cap ital of the state and the statutes fix the time w hen the state legislature shall assemble at the ca ratal. It was point ed out that both the constitution and the law have been complied with so that in the absence of any direct pro hibition, an extra session may be held anywhere in the state. Hut the call of the governor would probably designate the place of holding the (session. An incident of the morning session in the house was the denunciation by Mr. Mahoney of an article in the Journal Miner of I'rescott reflecting "upon Mr. l'inkley and the language used by the gentleman from Mohave was plain and easily understood. He regretted lie said, that there was no way to keep that paper out of the pre cincts i f the legislature. Mr. Johns of Yavapai regretted that such a publi cation should have been made in a paper of his county, but he thought that Mr. Mahoney attached more weight to the article than it deserved. Mr. Proctor thought not. Speaking of capital pujh ishment. he said that though he did not favor it in any case, when he contem plated the use that some people of the press made of their positions his views in opposition to capital punishment were greatly modified. Mr. Lines was not sure that the ar ticle ilhl not reflect upon many other members of the legislature as much as it did on Mr. l'inkley. The article stated that Mr. l'inkley who had been custodian of the Casa Grande ruins had resigned his place to accept a place in the legislature and had arranged that his wife should have the place in his absence, lie was also upoken of in the article as one of the governor's chat tels. But whatever injury may have been done by the article to his feelings must have been more than mollified by the high terms in which his colleagues of the legislature spoke of him. Members of the faction which had bitterly op posed him in the various contests since the beginning of the regular session vied with one another in expressing their opinions if his high clijiraeter. (Continued on Page Five) WILL EXAmlNE AT LIVERPOOL Lieut. Pow ers and 'ou st ruetor MeBride to In quire Whether Torpedo or .Mine Cause of Dnin age to America.!! Vessel ('APT ATX SAW " XO SrP.MAPIXE Commander of Vessel Ex presses Belief That Dam age to His Ship Mii-ht Have Been Due to a .Mine C ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONIiii.V. May 27. Lieutenant Powers, a naval attache, and Naval Constructor AlcHride. attache of the American embassy lo Great Ih'ilain, left London frir Liverpool lo examine the American steamer Nebraska n. re ported by the British admiralty to have been struck by a torpedo Tues day nighl. Tin Ncbraskan is ex pected to reach Liverpool late to night. Captain Green of the Nebraska!! reports lhat he did not see a sub marine and the belief is expressed lhat the damage to his ship might have been due to a mine. Certain it Was Torpedo LIVKlil'i L, .May 27. The" Ameri can steamer Nebraskan, arrived shortly before midnight. Captain Greene said: "I saw no submarine, but am certain it was a torpedo Which hit us. "Moreover." continued the captain, "a submarine could not have failed to see our name and nationality, which was outlined in huge letters on our sides. Members of the crew of the Nebraskan agreed that the ex plosion Was undoubtedly caused .by a lorpedo. The forward part of the ship was completely wrecked. Cause Still In Doubt WASHINGTON. May 27. The I'nited States government had re ceived tonight messages from Am bassador Page ami Consul General Skinner at Iondon and a statement from Captain Green of the Nebraskan. but from all the information thus far available it is impossible to deter mine whether the explosion on the Nebraskan Tuesday was caused by mine or a torpedo. Many officials are inclined lo the theory that the ship was struck by a floating mine. Naval officers say such an explo sion as was described by Greene is of a character more 1:' ely to have been caused by a mine. Ambassador Page reported he had begun an inquiry by sending the naval constructors attached to the American embassy to make a com plete examination on the Nebraskan's arrival at Liverpool. Any diplomatic action as a result of the incident will be deferred until there is de finite proof of the cause of the ex plosion. Should it develop that the vessel was torpedoed, the fact that her flag had been lowered a. lew minutes before, at, sundown, would have no bearing- upon the action of the American government which has always has insisted upon the exer cise of the right of visit and searcn before attack on any merchantman. There is no internation convention in force relative to the laying of mines. Count Von Bernstorff, the German ambassador. formally pre sented a memorandum to the state department stating that mines laid by Germany were of such character as to become innocuous when un loosened. Previously tne British gov ernment had given the United States similar assurances. Laying mines for the sole purpose of intercepting commerce is forbidden by the Hague convention but there has been no general rule by which the prohibi-, tion could be interpreted, as it is claimed that all the mines used in the present war were laid for an of fensive or defensive purpose. The I'nited States ratified the Hague convention on the subject of mines. but the convention is in- (Continued on Page Four) Terrific Rains Cause Death And Crop Injury ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH KANSAS CITY, May 27. A tei rifie rainstorm which broke over the greater part of Kansas, Kastern Mis souri nnd parts of Oklahoma, following- the heavy rams of yesterday and last nil.l so inireased the rising floods that communication over the district is demoralized. Meagre re ports iriim isolated sections tell of several deaths by floods and light ning. All streams in the district are overflowing or are Hearing a flood stare. The Kansas river, the largi-st in the district, is reported rising four inches an hour at Manhattan, ' Kansas, and is said to be only three feet below the danger mark. Thous ands of acres of growing- crops are covered with flood waters. ANOTHER BATTLESHIP OF THE BRITISH FLEET SUNK IN DARDANELLES Torpedoing and Sinkin- of the V :ish .Battleship Majestii Announced in Statement-' AdmiraltY the 7 PRINCESS IRKNK j ALSO BLOWN" ITpj Vessel Was at Anchor in Sheerness Harbor, nnd So Far as Known But One Survives of Jler Crew of 7o(t associated cress dispatch I LONDON, May 27. The torpedo- ing and sinking of the ilriiish bat tleship Majestic was announced by. the admiralty. The vessel was sup plying the army on the Gallipoli ( peninsula and nearly al! the officers! and men were saved. Lloyd's an- I nounees the P.ritisj steamer Princess Irene was suddenly blown up i" Sheerness harbor. She was in the government service. Sheerness is llie naval arsenal or Great Pritain on the Thame's. The admiralty says f that seventy-eight workmen must j have perished. ' The admiralty says the Princess! Irene was uceidenlly blown up and so far as known there was only one survivor out of a crew of 2aU. Seven-tv-eigiu dockers are also dead. Th statement f the admiralty says : "The I M ine ly blown up morning. Si one survivor ss Irene was aecidental n Sheerness harbor this far as .vet known, only was picked up. Three men belonging to thj on board at the time ship were not if the disaster. Several men belonging to a vessel laying close to the Princess Irene j were wounded by falling- splinters.'-' j The battleship Majestic was a ves- , sel of 14, '.inn tons and of M.OOli horse- j power. Her officers and crew on j peace fooling- aggregated 7."7. The Majestic, which was built in lsn'i, carried four 12-inch, twelve 6-J inch and sixteen "-inch ;uns. and twelve 'i-pounders. j In addition the vessel was armed with live is-inch torpedo tubes. The sinking of the. Majestic makes the fifth Ilriiish battleship lust in the Dardanelles campaign, the second by a hostile submarine, the Triumph j having been sent to the bottom in j the Gulf of Saro.s last Wednesday. I The French also lost one battleship, i in the Turkish campaign, the llouvet. I WOULD CREATE EXCHANGE BILLS! associated press dispatch WASHINGTON. May 27. A definite plan for the creation of a market for bills of exchange drawn on hanks u the t'nited Slates, payable in dollars was presented at the conference be tween the representatives of business and financial interests of the I'nited j States a ltd the Chilean delegates at tending the Pan-American financial confen nee. It was said tonight the Guggenheim copper interests, the Beth lehem Steel and the Du Pont powder company, all of which have large inter ests in chile, are back of the plan which involves an exchange aggregat ing at least twenty millions a year. Representatives of the I'niied States in this conference group were told that Chile exacted an export duty on ni trates and had provided that HO day bills of exchange on London, payable in pounds sterling would be practically legal tender in payment of these duties and for other purposes. It was sug gested that a law be enacted to make the bids drawn on the banks of the I'nited States legal tender to the same extent to facilitate the business of the interests in the I'nited States; which spend millions each year in wages and purchases in Chile. The Chileans promised to urge their government to take the steps necessary. Later it was said the same proposal will be made to other South American countries where bills on London are legal tender. Features of the conference of todays general session were the luncheon giv en by Secretary MeAdoo and the trip to Mount Vernon on the presidential yacht Mayflower. Tomorrow" theVe will bo more group conferences and a general session at which the groups are expected to make reports. It became apparent today that sev eral of the South American nations tn tend to make vigorous effort to have some concrete plan for improvements of steamship facilities submitted to the conference before the adjournment on Saturday. Several countries particu larly interested themselves through their representatives here are in favor of the encouragement of ship builders, either by direct or indirect subsidies. The Argentine delegation was anxi ous that at least the I'nited States, Brazil. Argentina, as governments, or through private capital, take action to (Continued on Page Five) NEWMARKET FOR i says 460 of the I ! CREW WERE SAVED LONDON I Friday), May 2S. A dispatch to the Times from the MmlrfiK correspondent, says that Hii) of the crew of the bat tleship Triumph, sunk, Wednes day, in the Gulf of Saros, were saved. The officers and crew of the Triumph in Pcac- times numbered about. 7K'. ! MAJESTIC NOT ONLY ACTIVITY ".Middle (Jalieia Remains Scene of the Createst Activity With Austrians and Germans Still Bat tering Russian Lines ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH J LONDON, May 27. The British bat tleship Majestic, another of the ships supporting- the allied army on the Gal lipoli peninsula, was torpedoed, and stmk by a German submarine this morning. Nearly all the officers and crew wire saved. About the same time the steamer Princess Irene, which was built last year for the Canadian I'aeilic British Columbia coast service, which was taken over by the admiralty at the commencement of the war, was accidentally destroyed by an explosion while at anchor at Sheerness, whern she was undergoing- repairs. All the crew, numbering 25'i except one sea man, besides 7s dock yard workmen w h. were aboard at the t:me lost theNir lives. Amidst the activities on tne land and sea and in the air from the Dardanel les to the waters around the British Isles, the middie of Galieia remains the scene of the greatest and most import ant fighting. There the Auetriuns and Germans continue to batter at the Rujj sian lines to the northeast and south- (Continued on Page Four) INDUSTRIAL ENDS PROBE Concludes Hearings Which Have Been in Progress Over Year and Taken the . Investigators from Coast to Coast Tassociated press dispatch! WASHINGTON, May 27. The fed eral industrial relati oils commission concluded its hearings which have been in progress for more than a year, and which touched on every phase of the country's industrial life, and which have taken the investi gators from coast to coast. Chair man Walsh adjourned the commis sion sine die. It will meet again in executive session at Chicago about June 1 to plan the nrenaration of its report to congress. Today's session was devoted to hearing witnesses who had 'asked the opportunity to reply to others who had already testified and to cleaning up unfinished phases of the investi gation. A. C. Kills, Jr., commissioner of labor in Porto Rico and Martin Traviezo. secretary or Porto Rico, were the last witnesses in the inquiry into labor conditions in Porto Rico. They invited the commission to g-o to the island and make a. thorough (Continued on Page Four) COMMSSION Lassen Peak Is Scaled By University Professor associated press dispatch! SAN FRANCISCO, May 27. Las sen Peak was scaled for the first time since the recent devastating eruptions by a party of five led by ft. S. Holvvay, professor of physical geography in the University of Cali fornia. In a telegraphic report to the Associated Press Holway says the two craters have undergone radi cal transformations, both being- now filled. As far as he could judge no mud was ejected, as had been be lieved, from the volcano. "The bot tom of the old crater," the message says, "was literally shoved upward ITALY DRAWS FIRST BLOOD III AIR WAR An Austrian Aeroplane is Brought Down by Sec ond Shot from Italian Field Battery When At tempting to Attack LICIT IT RESISTANCE TO TRIESTE ADVANCE After Making Elaborate .Preparations, Austrians Fall Back, Blowing Up Bridges and Blocking the Railway Lines ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH J AT ITALIAN FRONT, Friuli. May 27. Italian gunners brought down an Austrian aeroplane in the first con test in th;3 Italian campaign bet- ween flying; machines and anti-air cratt ;uns. ;rom behind ted over tin An aeroplane, arising the Austrian lines, dar rocky ground in front of th-j Italian positions, tery opened fire as it A field bat came within range. The first shot missed. The. second struck fairly, causing flames to burst from the motor. The aeroplane- plunged downward and was splintered on the. rocks. This was one of the incidents attending the opening of the Austro-Italian cam paigns as witnessed by a correspon dent of the Associated Press. Along; this part ot the front where tho Italians are advancing in the direc tion of Trieste, there are stirrim; scenes although as yet there is litth- heavy fighting. The first shot of the war was fired by a frontier guard at Belhio (iua, who having seen in the semi darkness a shadowy figrure approach ing shot dead an Austrian soldier attempting to fire a mine. With sunrise artillery fire opened from the direction of Cividale. Itaiian troops everywhere sprang to the at tack, fording the Idria. swarming across the bridges and climbing tlvj hills bevond. The correspondent was permitted to go close enough to the front t obtain a panoramic view of a sec tion of the fighting- line. Visits to Santandral, Palmanova and oilier towns near the border furnished a good idea of the conditions under which the Italian invasion of Aus tria is being carried on. At Palma r.ova it was possible to obtain a, bird's eye view of the rmrounding' country, which falls away from that point. The people of the village were watching- the spectacle of cav alry charges and artillery action over the. nearby front. It is a picturesque region of green hills and nualnt - vUmges, amnn," which wind dusty white roads. When the order was given earlier in the week to advance across the border, the Italian troops were in readiness for the move. The com mand came at 2:l!0 o'clock in the morning and a half hour later the soldiers were on the march. The infantry proceeded in long files, headed by sharpshooters. From converging- roads came artillery car riages, motor trucks and detach ments of cavalry. From time to time tremendous ex plosions were heard above th1 roar of the art'llery. They marked thn firing- of mines by which the Aus trians were blowing up bridges as they fell back. The Austrians madu little, attempt to halt the Italians' advance, although elaborate prepara tions had been made along the border. The railway lines were obstructed with heavy beams laid across tho track and fastened down with chains. The roads were blocked by trenches, trees nd wire entanglements. Brazsano was the first village on Austrian soil in which the Italian flag was flown. It was run up on the belfry of the village church. At San Giovanni Mazeno, the cor respondent saw the first Italian wounded, and also the first Austrian prisoner captured, a member of tic) Landsturm from Friuli. As he was brought into the Italian lines he kept repeating: "t am an Italian." All along1 this section of the front there were signs of war. The roads were filled with long linos of trans- (Continued on Page Four) as a whole, undoubtedly by the lava pressure underneath." The vast mud flow that poured down Hat Creek valley, inundating; many miles of farm lands, was the result, Holway thinks, of the melting' of the snow on the mountain side by hot ashes. "On reaching- tho top,"' said tho message, "the whole aspect of tho crater was found totally changed. The bowl of the old crater, formerly threo to four hundred feet deep, is now filled and one looks across vacant and jagged rocks, and escaping steam. Tho new crater is also practically filled."