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E ARIZONA. REPUBU
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 29, 1915 10 PAGES iVOL. XXYI. XO. 11 Til CAN, Black Friday At State Prison Is History Without Hangings Stern Mandate of the Law is Thwarted by Eleventh I lour Recommendation That Reprieves Issue to Five Condemned Men PARDON BOARD IN SESSION ALL DAY Finally, Without Concur rence of Attorney General Jones, Recognizes Wishes Bryan and Approves Tem porary Reprieve (BY JO E. RICKARDS) Sixt'ial Correspondent for The Repub lican) Black Friday at Florence has passed into history. It came and went with some of the dramatic and so much of the human that it will long lie remem lxred by thoee whose duty called them to the silent walls of the great con crete house of correction in the desert and those ho were ordered under the stern mandate of the law to execute for cause five men who awaited death within the walls of the big building. As early as Tuesday speculation was rile in the prison as to the outcome of the date set for the legal hanging, for there were rumors that would not be downed that the men were to be saved from the law's sentence by a move of their attorneys and while the rumors were vague and without much to hang hopes upon, still the friends of the con demned did not require much to tinge the clouds that hung over their friends with a bit of silver lining. The arrival of the two members of the pardon board who had motored from Phoenix ended the day and prom ised to bring developments when morn ing came, for they announced that no meeting would be held until then. The mass of telegrams and requests from both sides of the question of the exe cution of the men had poured in on the three servants of the state and it was this correspondence that prompted the postponement of the meeting an nounced to be held at night Thursday at the prison. The Fateful Morning With the dawn of Friday the two members of the board breakfasted ear Iv and were at the prison at 8 o'clock where they went immediately into conference with Chairman Trott. who had remained at the institution over night. The lack of prisoners going in and out of the gates and the absence of grey clad men in the fields adjoining the grim walls were the only signs that this Friday was any different than many others that have passed since several of the condemned men first entered to await the stalking of the spector of the noose. In the office of the warden the cleri cal force was reduced for the reason that all of the trusties were locked in their cells to await the stern business which was to occupy the attention of the guards and the men in charge of the carrying out of the law's mandate. From time to time in the first hour after the board went into session, ar rivals of automobiles which had left Phoenix in the early morning broke the stillness that htKi settled over the big inclosure. While many invitations are said to have been sent out by Warden Sims but few responded and most of the out of town arrivals were sheriffs from other counties or men engaged in up holding the law. True several makers of laws for the state were there but the number to see the sentences executed were far below what must have been anticipated from the number who received the black bordered messages of impending death. The Drawing of Lots Shortly after nine o'clock Warden Simms stepped into an ante room ad Joining the office proper and as if by magic or some preconcerted move the grim faced guards not on the ram tarts of the prison filed in by twos and threes and the word was passed that IntR would be drawn to determine who should officiate at the trap. Two men Recommendation Pleases The Spanish Population Interest in the situation at Florence among the Spanish-speaking popula tion of Phoenix was shown yester day afternoon, when, a few hours after the receipt of the word that the board of pardons and paroles had recommended a reprieve for the five condemned men. the Liga Pro tectora Latina had hundreds of dodg ers on the streets with the news that the men's lives were spared. The jiaptrs. which were issued as an extri edition of El Manajero, a local pa per, were quickly snapied up and lead with great interest by the Mexicans. In commenting on the action of the board, the paper says: "This is especially a triumph for the Liga lrotectora Latina. demonstrating that its efforts and sacrifices have not been in vain. From the mo ment that it came to the knowl edge of the league that they were Statement of Governor Hunt While I naturally am in thorough accord with the oard's recom mendation for stays of execution, the action t ken has occasioned no surprise, since the courtesy due from any stale government to the state department of the United States rendered it inconeeivaole that the board of pardons and paroles would depart from well-established precedents, or fail to preserve well-recognized amenities by withholding such re prieves as were suggested by Secretary Bryan for the praiseworthy purpose of safeguarding Americans in northern Mexico, and averting any unnecessary international complications. Had there been no pardon board to consider the state department's suggestion. 1. as governor, would have had no hesitancy in granting such s'ays of execution as were recommended by the he;norable secretary of state, who, at the pres ent time, is apparently confronted with such exacting duties and trying situations as entitle him to all possible co-opei ition and support from state governments and individual citizens alike. While I heartily com mend the deferential courtesy extended the state department by two members of the board of pardons, I sincerely regret that their k.uelable performance of a plain duty was not concurred in by the state's attor ney general. were necessary to do the work and af ter a brier lapse the door opened to send forth into the corridors the men. The assembled visitors and members of the press scanned their faces for some tell-tale mark that would re veal the twain selected for the task, but they were rewarded with a eet of masks that told no stories for these men who were going to send five fel low beings into the great unknown be cause it was their duty had asked that their identity be withheld from all save those who were to be present in the death chamber and even these were pledged to secrecy when the choice had been made. A Tense Hour As the hojr of ten approached men shifted from seat to seat, looked from the windows, spat, wondered in low ered tones of each other if United States Judge Sawtelle, who was to sit on the petitions for writs of habeas corpus at Tucson would grant the re quests of the attorneys for the con demned men, for the board of pardons while they had made no statement, were oaid to be solid for maintaining their first stand, and the hope that the friends of the condemned held to in the United States court was the buoy upon which they looked to float the men to a haven of security. As the minutes rolled by the tension was broken only by the order of thp warden to take the final statements of the men. A clerk accompanied by a guard slipped silently through the great sliding gates to return a few moments later with the will of one of the men. the only one who was possessed of enough to will, and statements from none, for they had nothing to give out even in this last chance but one to speak. The Jangling Telephone From time to time the telephone bell in the office of the warden would ring and the press and officials looked ex pectantly towards it awaiting the word from Tucson which was generally con ceded to be the reason for the pro longed silence from the board in an adjoining room but each succeeding ring failed to bring the decision and the minutes slipped into hours, unfit a message arrived saying that the judge LEGISLATURE IS INTERESTED IK FLORENCE PROCEEDINGS Of greater interest to members of the legislature than any pending le gislation was the speculation yester day as to the outcome of events at Florence. Soon after members met at ten o'clock inquiry was made con cerning any information from the state prison. When a little after one o'clock word was received that Fed eral Judge Sawtelle had denied the application for writs of habeas corpus for the five condemned men, and when still later, word was received that he had also denied appeals in their behalf, there were evidences of j relief in the chambers and the cor- ! ! riHnra of the statehouse and when i still later, word came that the board J of pardons and paroles had recom mended reprieves, members refused to believe it. It seemed the more un believable when it was stated that going to carry into effect the execu I tion of the Mexicans, the league has not omitted a single sacrifice to i prevent it. and its efforts have i been crowned with the victory j I which is here expressed in these j brief words. I "The Liga Protectora Latina, in the name of the Mexican people, j cordially congratulate the governor of the state of Arizona for his no- I ble and humanitarian efforts in this j case." The Liga Protectora Latina, men-' tioned, is an organization of Iatin Americans that now numbers over j 12,000 members in the state. The j headquarters of the organization are in this city, with locals in prac I tically every town in Arizona. The first annual convention of the league will be neld in Phoenix. July 15. ' The league is said to be the stron-' gest organization of its sort in the United States. I would render his opinion promptly at 11:50. The tension broke for the time being and the visitors, guards and officials slipped down into the mess room and munched at the tempting lunch which the Jap chef had provided with a pride that found no expression in the ranks of the men who from force of habit sat down to dine. It was not a time for thought of food, tile paramount question of the decision was too much in the balance to permit of counter attraction and ap petites were lost to speculation on the move of the board. The Swaying Board So silent is the board behind the doors of its room that rumor ulips out that t'iey were going to change their decision, but the closed door tells no tales and the speculation is but the fancy of men who are keyed to high tension awaiting the word that will start tiie executions fir give the con demned another respite from their sen tences. What is the matter with the judge in the Old Pueblos, has he found a hard nut to crack in the problem placed for his unraveling, or is he writing his opinion and has he found that the case must be presented in a lengthy review. There are a thousand and one opinions as to the cause of the delay that by this time is making the warden pace the floor, with anxious glances at the si lent phone. A Sign Is Given Rut now. It is past the hour of two and with five men to hang the time is growing short unless the hours set be tween ten and four can be lengthened and the warden calls upon the assist ing prosecuting attorney who is here, for an opinion and he leaves the room to write it. when something tells the waiting men that there is going trr be a break in the ocean of suspense. Chairman Trott opens the door to the office and asks for a stenographer. The man of the typewriter is a trusty and the trusties are all locked in the cells with the other prisoners, so the guard must be dispatched for the man and in the interim speculation breaks loose like a prairie fire. What is going to (Continued on Page Five) reprieves had been granted for nine weeks. Surprise gave way to indig nation when the news was confirmed. Only the night before the senate had adopted resolutions expressing as delicately as possible, the confidence of that body in the board. Members of the house, though that body had taken no action on the governor's communication, had prepared a strong statement or resolution, commending the action of the board thus far. It had received the signatures of eight een, more than a majority of the members. Hut when it was learned that the board had rescinded its former action and' had disregarded the declarations of its members, it was resolved to destroy the resolu tion which it had been intended to present to the board. The Reprieves Governor Hunt, late in the after noon, acting promptly on the recom mendation of the board issued a proclamation of reprieve to all of the five men for the full time recom mended, nine weeks, which will ex pire on July ,10. He disregarded the suggestion of the board that he should reprieve the men to different dates in order that the "orgy of blood" to which the governor had frequently alluded might be avoided. Finding of Judge Sawtelle A resident of Phoenix who return ed late last night from Tucson at tended the hearing of the applications for writs of habeas corpus before Judge Sawtelle yesterday. He said that there was never a moment when the court appeared in doubt as to bis duty in the matter before him. He comolained that the attorneys pre senting the applications had suggest ed nothing on which they might be based. He especially advised them against the application for an appeal which he was later compelled to deny. The court also deprecated in guarded language the whole movement for the relief of the condemned men. They could not be saved under the law and though he did not say so directly. Judge Sawtelle regarded as unwise any effort which could only result in prolonging their agony. IS STILL AFLOAT WITH CREW SAFE (Herman Foreign Office is Still AVithout News of the Torpedoing' of American Steamship Except for the Newspaper Reports G ERMANY'S REPLY COMING SUNDAY Understood Reply to Amer ican Xote Concerning G erman v's Submarine Warfare Will Be Deliver ed to Ambassador Today associated press dispatch BERLIN, May 28. The foreign of fice and admiralty, still without news concerning- the reported torpedoing of the American steamship Nu.bra.skan, deprecate all discussion of the possi ble effect on tiie Herman-American negotiations, pending aut'ioritativ e confirmation of the attack on the ship. Ge-rman newspapers have printed nothing about the Nebraska n incident since the first Rotterdam dispatches reporting the ship was torpedoed and that she was still afloat with her crew sale. The torpedoing of the steamship Ouflight is now established as due to a German submarine, the report of the commander of the submarine in question having been received by the admiralty. ' The commander stated when he first saw the Gulllight she was being convoyed by two patrol boats, and he concluded she must be a British ship or carrying contraband. The pre.senco of the patrol boats, the commander reported, made closer in vestigation dangerous. The main points of tiie German re piy to the American note on the sink ing of the I.usitania are probably known to the administration at Wash ington now, so that tiie note itself, which it is expected v. iil be delivered tomorrow, will not come as an auso lute surprise. The American ambassa dor had daily conferences with the foreign office, where the terms of the German answer was discussed. Ad miral Behneke, acting chief of the admiralty staff, called at the Amrr ican embassy to explain certain tech nical eletai's of Germany's position relative to submarine warfare. Note Public Sunday BERLIN, Mav X.- It is understood that Germany's reply to the Amer ican note comeming Germany's sub marine waifaro which will be deliv ered to the American ambassador to lnejrrow, will be furnished the Ger man press em Sunday for publication. While high officials scrupulously avoided comment, it was evident they are leiath to believe the German gov ernment had underestimated the in tense feeling of the Ameriean people on the I.usitania disaster with a loss oi more than 1"0 American lives, or would seek to delr.y the reparation demand d by the United States. Count von Berostc.rff. the German ambassaeleir, confirmed London re ports that he had sent wireless mes sages to the German feireicn officn, declaring the American pre?:s is be coming impatient over the de-lay in sending the German reply, and that the Nebraskan incident had aggra vated the situation. Secretary Bryan said that Ambassador Gerard hael sent his own conjectures as to the nature of the German reply, but said nothing had beer, received tha-. couJd be calleel an outline or offii ial infor mation as to the contents. (Continued on Page Four) International Board To Help Tivo Americas associated press dispatch WASHINGTON, May 2S. An inter natiemal high commission consisting of nine members each from an American nation was suggested to the Pan American financial conference as a means by which uniformity of laws among western nations may be secured. The suggestion was made by a com mittee of delegates headed by John Bassett Moore, former counsellor of the state department, John Hays Ham mond arid Gov. Chas. S. Hamlin of the federal reserve board. Another step toward the improve ment of business and financial rela tions between the Americas was taken when delegates of the southern repub lics unanimously approved a reoliftion calling upon the business and commer cial interests of the United State's to unite within the next six months in naming a delegation to visit all the Central and South American countries. Members of this delegation, the reso lution proposed, will be guests of the various nations and will be received by the governments, chambers of com merce and industrial organizations. Diplomatic representatives of southern governments accredited to the United States will be asked to aid in formu lating plans, for the trip. NEBRASKA MAKES A MlGtx Tr, APPEAL FOR AID OF STARVING MEXICO Appalling Conditions in the Southern Republic Bring Intimation of Peaceful1 Intervention by United States " FEARFUL DISTRESS AT OUR VERY DOOR Military Factions Being Appealed to May Safe guard and Aid Forward Supnlies of Food for the Mexican Civilians associated press dispatch WASHINGTON, May 28. The pres ident has decided to (serve notice on all warring factions in Mexico that condi tions in that country have become in tolerable, and that unless they, them selves compose the situation soon, seime other means may have to be employed to accomplish the result. The first in timation of the president's determina tion to take this -step came in an ap peal issued as head of the American Bed Cross, setting forth that "due to several .tears of internal disturbances'" unfortunate people in many parts of -Mexico are reduced to the; verge of starvation and urging contributions to re-liel funels. Later the White House gave out the following : "When tiie president's appeal for aid for Mexican was issued it was also stated at the executive offices that a statement from the president on the present situation in Mexico might be expected within the next few days." This statement has been prepared, and will be issued after the cabinet meet ing Tuesday and then communicated to the leaders of all the Mexican fac tions. High officials referred to the president's forthcoming pronouncement a neit meaning immediate intervention as they emphasized the word "imme diate'. The impression in executive rpiarte-js. was that one purpose would be to place the responsibility for the present state eif affairs squarely upon the military elements ef the southern republic, which have overrun the coun try, appropriated its food supply or prev ented tilling the soil While anx.iiis to continue the policy of allowing Mex icans to settle their differences without outside interference, the president said he would be determined that civilian imputation of the country should not bo starved jn the meantime. Talk of intervention which has been dormant ever since the Kuropean war diverted attention freim the situation nearer home, was immediately revived by the White House statement. Many diplomatists who interpreteel the day's events as a forerunner of a new policy, thought intervention the inevitable outcome of the situation and that the United States is paving the way to such action by notifying the world of its (Continued on Page Seven) LEGISLATURE ENDS WORK HERE WILL RECONVENE AT PRESCOTT The fust extra sessoin of the leg islature adjourned sine .die at 6: in yesterday afternoon. The second extra session will be convened oi: Tuesday morning, but the real work of the session will probably be transacted at Prescott. It has been stated by members of the supreme court and by the attorney general that there is nothing in the laws to prevent that procedure, and it is further stated that the governor is not averse te it. Unless there is a change of senti ment with respect to this matter, on convening, the house and senate will adopt a concurrent resolution that the houses assemble at Pres ceitt in the committee of the wholes and when the work eif the committee has be-cn finished, the members will return to Phoenix, the committee will r port to each house, and the report will be acted upon. It was said yesterday that thirteen members of the senate favored this program and a majority ef the members eif the house. If the leg$ islature moves to the city that is a. mile high, the Klks quarters, con sisting eif two rooms, will be placed at its disposal. Said one member last night: Beside the delights, we will be relieved of Zander." "No, ' said another, "if we adjourned to Patagonia or Kamschatka, we woulel find Zander there." There was little for the legislature to elei en the final .day. There was be inspected for errors of type writing and the passing of the levy bill, which was in the course of preparation in the tiffice of the state auditor.. That was not ready when the house met in the morning, and the communication of Governor Hunt transmitting decuments rela tive to the execution of the five men at Folrence were read. They were duplicates of the documents that had been received and acted upon by the senate the forenoon .be fore. Though they had been re ceived by the house nt the same time, they had not been read or any Vs. . RAY CONSOLIDATED RESUMES DIVIDEND NEW YORK, May 28. A num ber eif e-opper companies eleclar eel increased dividends today. The Utah quarterly dividend, one dollar, an increase of 2."i cents; Bay Consolidated resumed its 37 1-2 eents riuarterly dividend, which was suspended on ac count of the war four months ago; Nevada Consolidated, quar terly dividend, 47 1-2 cents, an increase of 12 l-2c: Butte anel Superior. regular quarterly 75 cents, two and one-half extra. ITALIANS TRY IN ALPS MIS, Well-Defined Movement for Occupation of Important Points in the Alps An nounced in Official Re ports associated tress dispatch ROME, May 2S. Official reports lrorn the? front show that Lieut-General Cael-irna, Italian chief of staff, is attempting to carry out a well defined movement for the occupation of important points in the Alps along tiie Giudicarie chain of the Lessini mountains and in the Sugajia Valley, and the Carnic Alps. This maneuver if acomplished, would place the Italians in an advantageous position to meet the Austrians if they should undertake any serious attack fer the purpose e-f invading Italy. It would also permit the Italians to choose the ir own time and place for mak ing an attempt to force the moun tain passes, and penetrate farther into Austria. The oe-ctipation of Altissimo mountain. tiTHO feet high, is regard ed as the most important achieve ment in carrying out the plan. It dominates the entire portion of Lake Garcia in the Austrian terri tory. The occupation ef Altissimo mountain also means the domina tion of three important Austrian centers of communication with the Province Trent. The first is Ala, from which point starts the railway leading to Rovere to. and Trent. The second is Mori, starting from a peint em a narrow gauge railway in Rita. The third is Rita, which is (Continued on Page Four) other notice taken of them at the lime. Mr. Proctor offe-red a motion that the janitor be instructed to have a bill board place-el about the preniise-s that communications from the governor might be posted upon them and not ceincealed. Mr. New bury offered an amendment te in sert after the we-rd "governor" the words, "and the baseball scores." Speaker Brooks, who is no sport, ruled that the amendment was not germane and the Prejctor amend ment went to a vote and was de feated. With the Newbury amend ment it would have been easily ca rriecl. Replying to the communication of the governor, Mr. Flanagan of fered a. resolution directed to him, reciting that there was nothing the legislature could do in the matter; the duties of the board of pardons were clearly defined and could not be affected by any act of the legis lature, since they hart been imposed t:pon tiie board directly by the peo (Continued on Page Seven) FOR POSITIONS Promise Submarine War Against Suez Canal Boats ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATeH LONDON, May 2S. An inference that the German-Turkish . alliance proposes to begin a submarine war fare against vessels leaving the Suez canal has been drawn freim a note recently issued by the Turkish gov ernment. Such a policy, it is felt here, might seriously menace the ma rine communication between Europe and the far east. A message to Renter's frevm Con stantinople says the neite in ques tion, which was addressed to friendly neutral powers, reads: SUR1RINE IS MENAGE BRITON MUST DEAL WITH Success of German Under water Craft in Attacks on British Fleets Makes Officials Realize Danger from German Increase MORE BRITISH BOATS SUNK Cadeby and Spennymoor Go Down, While Liner Argyllshire is Fired Upon But Succeeds in Making Her Escape associated press dispatchI LONDON, May 28. The success of the German submarines in the attacks en the British fleet supporting the ar my on the Gallipoll peninsula, which resulteel in the sinking of the Triumph anel Majestic, with the ever increasing activity of these boats in the waters; around the British Isles, and the threat to carry the under-water warfare to the Suez Canal, while they have nlt caused any great uneasiness in naval circles, hate brought the officials to a, realization, of the great danger that ex ists if Germany is aide to largely in crease her fleet of "U" boats. Today came reports of the sinking of the British steamers Cadeby and Spennymoor. the Swedish bark M. Roosvalt and the statement that the Ifig liner Argyllshire had been chased and fireel upon by an under-sea boat, but succeeded in escaping, reaching Havre. Traele to and freim British peirus goes on as though no submarine danger and. it is stated there will be no interrup tion of operations in the Dardanelles. The fleet there will have to assist tho army taking the chances of destruction from submarines, mines and shell Tire. The Turks probably will have another invasion to meet befeire long. Unoffi cial reports tonight utate that the Ital ians have landed on the Island of Rhodes, off the coast of Asia Minor, w hile a cruiser is bombarding Bedrum. on the Gulf of Kos and the mainlan-l ot Asiatic Turkey, not far from Rhodes. There is little change in the situation on the eastern and western fronts. The latest Italian move is believed to be the first step in an attempt to land on the Asia Minor coast. Tho Italians claim to have made further ad vances into Austrian territory in Ty rol. Trentino and Istria but no import ant battle- has yet been fought in this southwestern theater of war. The Austrians and Germans claim to have made a further advance, in tho operations on the eastern front, tho aim ef which is the encircling eif Prze mys, although they are meeting very stubborn resistance on the part of tho Russians. In the west the French offensive neirth of Arras is still in progress but the advance eif the allied troops is seemingly not so fast as when the at tack was first launched. The British are also engaged neirth of Labassee and are almest continuously occupied m resisting the German attacks around Ypres. the capture of which place is said to hate cost the Teutons an en ormous number of men. British Steamer Sunk FALMOUTH, May 2.S. The new British steamer Spennymoeir was sunk by a German submarine off Start Point, Orkney Islands. The captain and five men of the e-re-vv tvero drowned by the capsizing of a boat while being launched. The engineer was badly injureel by the bursting eif a shell in the engine room. Twenty-threes survivors wore landed here. Austrian Submarine Sinks ROME, May 28. It is offic ially an nounceel an Austrian submarine wag sunk by Italian torpedo boats in an en agement yesterday. MEXICANS PROTEST associated press dispatch 1 B1SBEK. May 28. Charges that General Calles. Carranza commander of A.eua Prieta, violated American neutrality by flying a biplane over American soil while reconnoitering on Thursday, was wired in protest by Villa Consul Perez at Naco to tho state department. Perez mailed a full account of the incielent to Wash ington tonight. "The imperial Ottoman govern ment, considering that the British government has neit fulfilled! its ob ligations, undertaken toward neutral powers by the cemvention eif 1SSS. to keep no warships in the Suez canal, but is even now fortifying this canal, and that the French government, with hostile itnent against the Otto man empire, has landed troops in Egypt, has by these facts been placed under the necessity of taking military measures for the protection of its imperial territory, of which Fgypt forms a. part, and to extend hostili ties to the Suez canal."