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f v f , M ARIZONA REPUBLIC AW INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR 8 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNK 11, 1H5 8 PAGES VOL. XXVI. NO. 24 m pnnciple of ST STAND K J1T - Ban- THE HURflANTY THE UN TED m UNITED STATES III LATEST NOTE TO GERMANY FORMALLY ASKS ASSURANCES MEASURES BE ADOPTED TO SAFEGUARD AMERICANS It pFull Text Resjirmiiir, Instead as! Seeretarv of State ALTERNATIVE IS NOT STATED, Ilw.i-t 1 .nun,,, '"ally the following note to the ruin- "Mmr"1 1,11 ii;nr. JUOOClt JUlUM).", .;rletar )islpr (f foreign affairs: j "It is stated in the irote that the Ad Interim, SillS Colli-j "in compliance with vuur excel- Lusitania was undoubtedly equipped iiiimw.'irirvii Vh4,.li lf'"s request I did not fail to ' wilh masked guns and supplied with lllUIH JUUU UJ1HI1 ' "Wh transmit to mv government imme- ' trained gunners and special ammni rorlll ltll Al)l)rOV:!l of diately i:uon their receipt vour note ofl,ion and was transporting troops from I) ': . j. J n.i:.. a I I IIM 1 '-lllil I '1 tllllT ASSOCIATED PKK88 DISPATCH WASHINGTON, June 10. The I'nited States in its latest note to tijiwmy, made public tonight, for mally asks the imperial government for assurances that measures will hereafter be adopted to safeguard 'Americn lives and American ships" on the high seas. The alternative m ta.se of a. refusaf is not staled. It is this note to which William J. Bryan refused to attach his signature, us secretary of slate thereby precipi tating a dramatic cabinet crisis. Robert Lansing, secretary ad in terim, signed the communication w hich went forth with the approval )f the president, and the entire cab- met. Friendly teims characterize the documtnt which renews the repre- j vessels of war is satisfactorily estab scnt.itions made in the American note j lished. The government of the I'nited that reached Germany on May K, States will in due course lay before ;ifter the Lusitar.ia was torpedoed j the imperial German government, as and sunk with a loss of more than ' 't requests, full information concern -lt'0 American lives. ting the attack Tin the steamer The German government, it de- j I'ushing. lared, "must have been misin- j "With regard to the sinking of the formed." when it assumed that the steamer Falaba. by which an Ameri Lusitania carried guns, as official in-j an citizen lost his life, the govern -formation was at hand to corrobor- ment of the I'nited States is sur ate the original contention of the j prised to find the imperial German Washington government that the government contending that an effort Jusitania was ar. unarmed passenger j on the part of merchantmen to escape whip, which, since It did not resist ! capture or secure assistance alters capture, could not be sunk without j the obligation of the officer seeking transferring the passengers and crew j to make the capture with respect to to a place of safety. the safety of the lives of those on The communication informs Ger- board the merchantman, although the many that it is "on the principle of j vessel has ceased her attempt to humanity as well as upon the law j escape w hen torpedoed. These are founded upon the principle that the : not new circumstances. They have I'nited States must stand." Oppor- j been in the minds of statesmen and tunity is given Germany to submit any evidence that American officials j lid not execute their tasks thoroughly ! in inspecting the Lajsitania before it j sailed, but the cardinal fact that the: liner was given no warning, made no insistence, and was primarily a pas- s-.enger ship the American govern- i ment declares throws "Into the back- escape by flight when ordered to ground any special circumstances of stop for the purpose of visit on the ;etail." and lifts the case "out of j part of a merchantman has ever leen the clajss of ordinary subjects of dip- held to forfeit the lives of her pass lumatie discussion or international encers or crew. The government of controversy." I the I'nited States, however, does not The issuance of another statement 1 understand that the imperial Ger- acknowledge, out of the class of or .y Mr. Bryan coincident to the pub-j man government is seeking in this I binary subjects of diplomatic Uiscus iicalioii of the note tonight added to case to relieve itself of the liability ion "' international controversy, surprise in official quarters at the i but only intends to set forth the cir-1 Whatever may be the facts regarding character of Bryan's argument. High ' cumstances w hich led the commander tnf Lusitauia, the principal fact is officials said the note employed the! of the submarine to allow himself toi,nat a Breat steamer primarily and very procesn persuasion which Bry-' be hurried into the course he took. hiefly a conveyance for passengers, an advocated and would not neces-l "Your excellency's note, in discuss- ""rryinjf more than one thousand imrily lead to war. j ing the loss of Amriean lives result- souls who were no jart or lot in the A copy of the note was delivered ing in the sinking of the steamship """t of the war, was torpedoed lo Count Von Bernstorff, German ambassador, late this afternoon. He leclinefl to comment, saying that it would have to be left to the reply of his government. In diplomatic circles generally the note seemed to create favorable impression. In quar ters friendly to Germany, it was stated the document confirmed the lielief held since. Von Bernstorff n re cent interview with the president that the critical staff had nassed and that with the American viewpoint clearly! before it. the German government j would he able to find a way out ofj the dilemma that would satisfy the I nited States.: One phase of the note which at- (Continued on Page Four) German Note Justifies Sinking Of Wm. P. Frye I ASSOCIATE" PRtJS DISPATCH WASHINGTON. June 10. Germany, in a note on the case of th Wil liam P. Frye. the American ship sunk by the Prims Kitel Freiderich. has informed the I'nited States it interprets the Prussian-American i lat ion of treaty. Just what the re treaty of 18-8 to mean that Ameri-joly of the I'nited States will lie is can vessels carrying contraband can not known definitely but in official le destroyed. Payment is promised quarters it is considered certain that for the destruction, but the right to the American government will not destroy is asserted as a logical in- acquiesce in the new international ferenee from the language of the law. The right to destroy a prize is treaty. . '-granted only in extreme military nec- In reiterating that she stands ready i essity when the cargo is certain of to pay damages for losses to Ameri-1 condemnation and officials here con can citizens occasioned by the sink- tend that the German commander ing of the Frye, Germany insists that , a court must first pass on the legal ity of the capture of the vessel. The "Secretary of State al interim to r certain information which the im the American Ambassador at Berlin. pcrial German government had re "Department of State. j reived w ith regard tn the character "Washington. I. C. June 9, 1913. land outfit of that vessel and your American Ambassador. j excellency expresses the fear that "Berlin : this information may not have been "Vcu are instructed to deliver text- I Slav L'S in renK- to mv mite if M:iv - - .- , J",. and your supplementary note of I Permuted unuer tne laws oi tne I nueu June I. setting forth the conclusions so statps tn a vessel also carrying pass-) far reached by the imperial ( ierinan I p"G"r- ad serving, in virtual effect, government concerning attacks on thelas ;,n auxiliary to the naval forces j American steamers dishing and Gulf- '"' reat Britain. Fortunately these light. 1 am now instructed bv mv I a,e matters concerning which the government to communicate the fol-: government of the Cnlted States is in; i,.,.-: -....i... la nositinn to c-ive the imnerial tie?--. "The government States notes with of the I'nited gratification the j full recognition by the imperial tier nii'n government, in discussing cases of the Cushing and Oulflight. I of the principle of the freedom of all I'-'t'ls of the open sea to neutral ships and the frank willingness of the im-lx-iial government to acknowledge and meet its liability where the fact I of an attack upon neutral ships which have not been guilty of any hostile act. by Oerman aircraft or international jurist throughout the! development of naval warfare, and the government of the I'nited States does not. understand that they have ever been held to alter the principles of humanity up.m which it has in- sisted. Nothing but actual, forcible! resistance or continued efforts to JLusitania. adverts at some length to SETTLE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN NATIONALISTS AND NEW associated pkksb dispatch LoxuoN. June 10 The differences between the nationalist party and the cabinet concerning the appointment of Iaw. officers for Ireland :-a been sett-I led by permitting Ignatius O'Brien to j argument of the United States that a prize court is unnecessary since comiensatibn is promised whenever there Is a violation of a treaty is rejected. Liability for sinking the j Frye is still admitted but Germany contends that the case is not in vio- who examined the paiiers of the Frye d:l not not have have indubitable indubitable evidtnee evidence did of The Note j brought to the attention of the gov- I Canada, and carrying a. cargo not i an snvfrnraetii orticini miormation. Of the facts alleged in your ex - I cellency's note, if true, the govern- have been bound to take official niz'lnie performance of its duty as neutral power in enrrcing its national laws. "Its duty was to see to it that the I.usitania was not armed for offen sive action, that she was not serving as a transport, that she did mt carry a cargo prohibited by the statutes of the I'nited States, that, if in fart she was a naval vessel of Great Bri tain, she should not receive a clear ance as a merchantman: it performed that duty and enforced the statutes with scrupulous vigilance through re gularly constituted officials. It is able, therefore, to assure the imperial German government it has been mis informed. If the imperial German government should deem itself to be in possession of convincing evidence that the officials of the government of the I'irited States did not perform tiese duties with thoroughness, the government of the United States sincerely hopes it will submit that evidence for consideration. . "Whatever may be the contentions of the imperial German government regarding the carriage of contraband of war on board the I.usitania or re garding the explosion of that material by a torpedo, it neetl only be said that in the view of this government, these contentions are irrelevant to the fiuestion of the legality of the meth ods used by the German naval au thorities in sinking that vessel. "ut tne sinKing of passenger ships ""ones tne principles or humanity which throw into the background any special circumstances or detail that may be thought to affect the case, the principles of which lift it. as the imperial government will no i doubt be iuick to recognize and (Continued on Page Three) .retain the Iriwh lord chancellorship in- Ktead of that office being given to the Right Hon. James H. M. Campbell and by making Jofin Gordon, unionist mem- ber of parliament for Londonderry, at- torney general. Gordon, ultliough anti-home rule, is not so pronounced an Vlsterite as Campbell. The nationists agreed to ac cept him for the sake of the limination of Campbell. At a nationalist meeting held over which John Kdmond, the party's leader was presiding, resolutions were passed expressing satisfaction that the pro tests of Uit? party had been successful "in preventing the lord chancellorship from being handed over to the union ists especially a unionist with the rec- ord of Campbell." The resolutions agree that the party shall "abstain, in view of the extra ordinary dangers of a present crisis, from taking any hostile action against the new government in connection with the uppoinntment of a unionist to the attorney generalship of Ireland." They express the conviction that nothing has occurred in any way to jeopardize "the certain coming of the home rule act into operation at the conclusion of the war, provided always, that' in the meantime the people pro tect and keep intact the national or ganization and preserve the essential unity of their country." RUSSIANS ARE ADVANCING 10 NEW OFFENSIVE In the Haltic Provinces and in Galicia, With Rein forcements J oiniiiii in Ad vance. Has Reeome Their Turn 'to Attack ENCIIH'LING THE GERMANS i Threatened by Russian En ! velopinij Movement, Part j of German Force on the Dubvsa River Has Reel! Obliged to Withdraw i ASSOC lATCP I'UKSS DISPATCH I J.dXDOX, June It". Russian rein forcements have advanced in the Bal tic provinces and in Galicia and it has become their turn to attack. Accord- j " , , of the Herman loice on the Oubysu I river in the Baltic provinces, threat obliged to withdraw although in the region of Sbavli and on the Nicyien they claim to be making progress des pite the .stubborn Russian resistance. More important in the belief of mil itarv observers here however, is the apparent change taking place in the Galicia battle. Here again, according to the German account, the Russians are advancing to the south and south- east of I.crnberg. and are also at tacking General Linsingcn's force which has ori-tised the Dneister near Zurawana. In Kastern Galicia and Uu kowina the-R " si.ins-are fading back. There is little change in the. west. Heavy fiiihtini; continues on the Ital ian front, particularly along the Jsonzo River where the Italians claim to have taken Monfalcone. an important town near the coast. In Kastern Galicia and Bukowina the Russians are falling back between the Pruth and the Dneister rivers with the intention, it is believed here of making the Dneister their line of defense, from the Rumania frontier to the south east of Przemysl. Thev have a very (Continued on Page Three) THE PROillON SYSTEM IN NAVY MOST Rear Admiral WinslowSuys 3Ien Able to Entertain X Advanced, While Their Sea Experience is Sadlv Neglected ASSOCIATED PKKSS DISPATCH J NKv YORK. June 10 Rear Admiral Cameron McRae Winslow. commandant of tile Newport navy yard, addressing a gathering of prominent men at a lun cheon of the navy league, asserted the promotion system in the navy is most ruinous, that men able to stand enter taining were advanced while their sen experience was sadly neglected and that the age limit is wrong. The prop er course for the public to pursue, he thought was to know Its navy. "Our promotion "system," Hear -VI-miral Winslow said, "is ruinous and seniority counts today and more par ticularly a man's health instead of a man's fitness. Today a man who can dine well ashore, ride in an automobile in comfort and stand entertaining is pushed along, while his sea experience is sadly neglected. It should not be necessary to insist 'on examinations for promotion and the age limit is wrong. A man of sixty understands what a man of forty-five can go through. The older man can't do his work at sea. "We must have a sea-going navy. You and the public, must look upon your navy. You are the people who can do it. The navy should be run by a navy man; if you don't put the navy (Continued on Page Four) o WEATHER TODAY ASSOCIATED PIIKSS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, T. C, June For Arizona : Fair. 10.- UNUS KteiMiV ASRS HEARING BEFORE SENTENCE IS PASSED FOR QUITTING Confident That the Public Will Credit Him With Honorable Inten t i o n s. Says That (Jood Inten tions Are Not Enough IS WILLING TO REAR PUNISHMENT If Verdict is Against Mini He Will Ask No Mercy, Rut Sal fer Anything from ()t l;ciB! to ExeeU- ' .... tion r ASSOC! ATKO PRESS DISPATCH j WASHINGTON, June 10. William' Jennings Bryan, in a statement to the American people tonight, asks them to i hear liim before they puss sentence on ' Ii lut ing rlnun thp imrffolio of secre- ! t.uy of state in the midst of interna tional stress. He is confident the pub lic w ill credit him w ith honorable in- I tentions. -Mr. Bryan frankly says gtod intentions are not enough and that if the public verdict is against him he asks no mercy, asserting men in public life must be "willing to bear any de served punishment from ostracism to j execution. Intcinretiiiir the American note to Germany which he refused to sign a j conforming to the "old system", the! diplomatic standards and precedents! for which "arc written in characters of blood upon almost every page of hu man history," and characterizing him self as the champion of the new sys tem persuasion instead of force and a a "humble follower of the Prince of Peace," the former secretary pleads for the I'nited States to lead the world 'ut of die black night of war into the light of that day 'when swords shall be beaten into plowshares.' " Mr. Bryan said he will issue another statement tomorrow to "the German Americans." The nature of the appeal to the German-Americans Bryan would not dis cuss. Hut with the issuances of a third statement since his resignation, the 1 former secretary says he will be ready to rest his case. The statement issued tonight. Bryan entitled "the real issue." "Tlie president and I .agree in pur pose." Bryan said in tonight's state ment, "we desire a peaceful solution of j the dispute which has arisen between the I'nited States and German) We i not only desire it. but with equal fer vor we pray for it. but we. differ ir reconsilably as to the means of secur ing it. If it was merely a matter of personal differences it would be a mat ter of little moment, for all presump tions are on his side presumptions that go with power and authority. He is your president, I am a private citi zen without office or title- but one of a hundred million of inhabitants. But the real issue is not between persons: it 1s between systems. I rely for vin dication wholly upon the strength of the position taken. Among the -influences which fovernments employ in dealing with each other there are two which are prominent, antagonistic force and persuasion. Force speaks with firmness and acts through the ul timatum: persuasion employs argu ment, courts and investigation and de pends upon negotiations. Force repre sents the old system a system that (Continued on Page Three SAY CONSPIRACY IN CHARGING THE LUSITANIA CARRIED GUNS Tassociateo pkkss dispatch NKW YORK, June 10. A federal jury investigation to determine "wheth er there is conspiracy" to defraud the I'nited States in connection with affi davits submitted by the German em bassy to the state department to prove there were glms aboard the Lusitania has been begun here. It is specifically directed against Paul Koenig, also known as Stemler. who according to the federal authorities is head of the secret service department maintained by the Hamburg-American steamship line. The first result . was the arrest for perjury of Gustavo Stahl, a German reservist, who made one affidavit sub mitted by the embassy and who it is alleged, is closely associated with Koe nig. The warrant on which he vva arrest ed alleges that he committed perjury in the investigation by a jury against Koenig and others under that section of the penal code covering conspiracy to defraud the I'nited States. He was taken in custody immediately at the conclusion of his testimony and went to the Tombs for lack of $10,000 bail. Stahl, in an affidavit made before a city notary public swore he visited the Lusitania the day before she sailed and saw four guns on deck concealed under leather covers. On the repeti-, COMMENDS AND CRITICIZES UNIONS I BOSTON. June 10. Former j Presid?nt Tift, in an tddress at t J I the commencement of the Went- I worth Institute, both commended i and criticized labor unions. lie i I declared that unions; maintained ! wages, and procure! legislation ; i advantageous to employes, and j contended the initiative was dp- j j stroyed and ambition taken away I j bv the closer! shop, which he ; ; one tnat ooes ot Pnc.ot,rase ; ' ! er''!,t t!kiM. a'n-ioi! and soeed. i SPRDDLE FINDS BETTER HIGHWAY IS ONLY NEED (President of Southern Pa- . ... ,. ; r . . J clJlC .MaiCt'S I I'll") Over tile ! lrOoScYC.lt Roid aild is , . . . Enthusiastic Over till.' Seenerv , l "Our interests are the same. We ; i are working tor the same things. I can say for the Southern Pacific i ; that we are eager to do our part in j routing as many tourists as we can j induce to travel over the wonderful J ! Roosevelt Highway. The matter is j ' up to the people of Phoenix." j William Sproule, president of the j 1 Southern Pacific. ' "The best scenery in the world will not attract many touriets over a bad road. If the people of Phoenix want to live up to their opportunities in tne way of tourist travel, and they have every opportunity, they must wake up and put the Roosevelt highway tn goocf condition and keep it so." This in brief was the message of William Sproule, president of the Southern Pacific com pany on his arrival in Phoenix last evening after a trip from Globe via the Roosevelt dam. "The unanimous verdict of the party was that the view of the hills toward Phoenix and the first sight of the Roosevelt lake was the finest scenic landscape that any of us had ever seen, or ever hope to see," said Presi dent Sproule. ''The scenery along the road is magnificent in its varied beauty. It is a wonderful trip, all the way, and one that should properly attract thou sands of tourists every year. But," continued Mr. Sproule emphatically, "Gila county has it over you in the matter of roads. The road we came over today is not a credit to Maricopa county, especially- in a country where, it is easy to build good roads. The road from Globe to the dam is very good, but it is useless to expect tour- (Continued on Page Three) tion of this story when he was called as a witness in the investigation of Koenig's activities, were based the per jury charges. In' addition was the statement of Collector of the Port Ma lone ami officials of the Cunard line that the Lusitania was unarmed. Gov ernment authorities said tonight they hnd evidence to prove that Stahl was not on board the Lusitania on the fatal trip. American To Be Shot For Passing Counterfeit Money association prbss dispatch Kl, PASO, June 10. George Marx, an Ametioan citizen was convicted at Jua rez recently charged with passing coun terfeit Mexican money and ordered taken to Chihuahua. The Juarez court sentenced Marx to be shot, the sen tence being subject to the review of the higher court at Chihuahua. When informed of the order. United States officials here vigorously endeavored to prevent it being carried out. An emphatic request was telegraphed to Washington asking the state de partment to intervene in behalf of Marx. Officials here expressed doubt THE LAND BILL RECOMMENDED rl FOR PASSAGE I House in Committee of the Whole Concludes Its Con sideration Without Ef fecting Any Material Chain-es. in ("Jeie)-al Fonu VITAL AM ENDMENTS ALL SLAUGHTERED .Meanwhile the Senate is Looking into the Subject. House Receives the Sen ate Prohibition and Ap propriation Measures The house committee of the whole finished hc consideration of Sub stitute No. l. the house land bill, and adopted a icport recommeudiiig its passage. Mr. Jqhns, a member ofs the .-public lands committee, who has generally opposed the bill W3-S given permission to introduce amendments which he had not yet prepared ami they will be presented this morning. 11 1S !il"n vev' UkeIy ,nat )nany other amendments will be offered J after the adoption of the report, up ! to the last stage of amending. Prob- jably many amendments which were j rejected in the committee will be revived and offered as some of them were offered more than once and re jected in the whole committee. When the house met yesterday morning, before resolving itself into the whole committee, Mr. Graham moved the bringing in of the other land bills from the committee on pub lic lands. Chairman ClaypooJ replied that there were none: they had ail l.een merged into the substitute bill. After some discussion of the proced ure with reference to the pending bill, it was agreed to take a recess until 1:30 in the afternoon to give the public lands committee and mem bers an opportunity to prepare such amendments as they had to offer. At 1:30 most of these amendments were on the clerk's desk and they began to be taken up. Though, in the course of the after noon several changes were made, none of them were vital and onlv two of them were important. One of them by Mr. Powers reduced the salary of the commissioner from $3600 a year to $3000: the salary of the rteputv from $2700 to $2400; the sal ary of the chief clerk from $2400 to $2100. The other salaries were left unchanged. An' amendment by Mr. Acuff pre vailed, changing the manner of se lecting boards of appraisers, allow ing one to be chosen by the com missioner, one by the board of su pervisors of the county in which the property is situated, these two to select the third. The bill originally provided for the appointment of two members of the board and one by the board of supervisors. The change was demanded ooth on the grounds of fairness and of economy, but H was vainly pointed out that neither end would be obtained: it was shown that there would really be fourteen sets of appraisers instead of one set. a majority of whose members would become familiar with the work. An interesting statement was made by Mr. Flanagan in the course of a second attempt to change the con -stitution of the land department which, under the original bill, should consist of the governor, the attorney general and the state engineer. Mr. Marlar proposed that the secretary of state be substituted for the state engineer. Mr. Flanagan replied that that change might be accomplished later in the progress of the bill. thoug i whether in the house or th senate he did not say. However, he did not think it advisable to make such a change at this time. Th amendment was defeated. Though very little was accom plished in the coursrt of the after noon there was a multiplication of speeches to escape which members took refuge in the committee, rooms. (Continued on Page Fivel as to Marx's guilt. American officials learned he received $150 Villa money tabont five dollars in AmericHn money) in payment for a watch and that be entered a gambling house in Juarez and began to play at one table where he was arrested on a charge that the money was counterfeit. Lieut. Shellenberger tonight reported there is greater need of Red Cross aid to refugee Mexicans in El Pn-so than in the territory controlled by Villa. The report stated that from Torreon north to Juarez. Mexican residents have sufficient provisions for . their needs.