OCR Interpretation

Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, June 24, 1915, Image 1

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020558/1915-06-24/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Series of Earth Tremors
Wreak Damage Estimat
ed at $1,500,000, Kill Four
Seore of
a I'd Injure
3n Mexicali, Across the
Border, Men and Women
Are Crushed Beneath
Wall ol Dance Hall a-
Visitors Flee for Lives
t:i. cEXTRd. June 23. In an area I
extending roughly from the shoulder
.f the Cocopah mountains of Lower
California to San Bernardino
s on the north. Yuma on
vast and a point near San Diego on I
Hie west, a series of earthquakes last;
night and todav wrought damage now;
estimated at about $1.5mU'00. killed 4 j
persons and injured perhaps a score. ,
none seriously. The tremors continued
intermittently today, decreasing steao- i
ily in strength and doing only negli- :
iiible damage. '
The zone in which the tremors were j
felt most centered atxr.it Calexico and j
Mexicali. the Mexican town opposite.
in iAJWer California, w nere me wen
revelry of the frontier collection of
.-aloorfs and dance halls was halte i
when the first shocks put out the
lights and where all the fatalities
The men and women killed were
. rushed beneath I he w all of a dance
lull as the visito.s fled panic sinc
. r, i,. ih street. As far as ascer
tains. t..e - 1
(1 wun rnarps in-um. ...... v.. r. ,
:i unit in the J3.0n0.000 Imperial Vat- j
ley irrigation system, was severely j
.iamaged. The heading itself, and
ther imirtant units of the system,
withstood the shocks, although fis- ,
slires were oeiiea in me nuu"
around them. and unless further
tuake render one of the headings
useless there will be no lack of water,
it is Raid, for the 400.000 acres under
ultivation and dependant on the vast
network of canals and laterals. The
water may be shut off at Hnnlonr
Heading, where the Colorado enters
the irrigation system, southwest of
Yuma, in order to repair the damage
t the wasteway, but if it is the
engineers do not lelieve it will be
vhut off for more flian thirty-six
Rebuilding has already begun in Kl
Centro. where an entire block in the
1usiness section was ruined and '
pangs of men are at work clearing :
he debris. 1
In Calexico similar work is ' in
progress. The damage at Kl Centro
Is estimated at close to $200,000. in
Calexico it was something less than ,
this. North or Kl Centro the damage '
was comparatively slight. !
Several fire-? at Calexico added to '
the damage done by the quakes. j
svhich included the collapse of the ;
municipal water tank which fell from
its SO foot tower. This deprived the
town of water pressure and hampered j
the efforts at fighting the fires which j
burned several residences and two
business buildings.
Imperial and Brawley and towns
further up the valley suffered only
slightly At Yuma and Needles the
shocks were slight, while barely per-,-eptible
at San Bernardino. No ilam
sge was done anywhere outside the
valley. Communication with Calexico
was entirely dependent today on au
tomobiles and railroad trains. The
telographic headquarters were in the
building damaged and telegrams were
sent here by a messenger for trans
mission. The meager reports thus i
Drought stated that six or seven men
and women were killed in Mexicali.
and that the bodies of two men had
leen taien from the debris and iden
tified. The names given were Bert
Arbuckle and James Stencil. Ar
buckle is said to have come from Los
A strict guard was established in j
the various towns affected as soon
as the quake began. Fifty special
deputies were sworn In here and at
Calexico a troop of the L'nited States
cavalry, which had been patrolling the
border, kept order and protected
Across the line Colonel Centu. the
Four Die When The Earth
Trembles In Mexicali
"ALEX1CO. June 23. Four
killed In Mexicali by the earthquake
last night. One of them was John j
Kirh. a Calexico butcher. The vic
tims were crushed by a wall, which fell
during the second ehock at 9:0.1 o'clock
in the evening. Several women, ha
bitues of Mexicali resorts, were seri
ously Injured. One man, who attempt
ed to ateal gold from a gambling es
tablishment was shot by Mexican
Every brick building in Calexico
was damaged. Fire broke out in three
places and destroyed three residences,
besides a business building. The prop-
..u;r ,,f
construction of the Imperial Valley
irrigation system, said that Sharps
Heading, is built of wood ami earth
and tan offer hut little resistance
to severe earthquak
described the heading
the entire Imperial
shocks. He
as the key to
Valley system
with it.-
battery of head gates through
j which at times 3't.a'iO gallons of
' wiiter tumble per second, feeding four
canals wuicu caiiv wrtier 10
thousands of acres of productive farm
Mr. Hermann expressed surprise
that the battery of dams and gates
withstood the shocks already
ex -
perienced. Sharps Heading he said,
is the most important point of the
system save the upper heading, a
concrete structure on a rock founda
tion and the intake gates from the
Colorado river.
He doubted the power of any e:irth-
quake to seriously afreet the Upper
Heading, which he said, was formerly
called Hanlon's Heading. It is this
heading, controlling the water sup -
ply of both 'the American and Mexi -
can systems, that YV. H. Holabird.
receiver of the American concern,
Mexican commandant. established
jmaitial law in .Mexicali anil his sol
l.iiers are patrolling the debris-lit-
t red streets, guarding the ruins of
houses where the players
when, they heard the rumbling which
preceded the first shock, precipitately
abandoned the tables, roulette wheels,
nnd gold and xied for the exits. This
' little town, perched on the brink of
the griut fissure cut by the Colorado
ten years ago when it swept away the
levees and treated the Salton Sea.
w as in a sorry plight today. Its adobe
huts, bousing saloons and gambling
I dens, were mostly demolished. Wood
n buildings in many instances held
together, but daylight showed through
their blue, gray. w hite and pink
"falsi- fronts'" standing askew. Sev
leral that withstood last night's
t shocks weiit down today under a
severe quake at ten o'clock. This
i quake was felt severely at Calexico
also, pillars supporting arcades erect
ed to protect sidewalks from the ar
jdent summer sun. collapsing.
) Mexican officials employed by A.
P. Andrade, receiver of the Califor
nia Development company s prop
erty in Lower California, insitected
the main canal and all the head
ings. 1 .ev reported Sharp's head
ing still intact, but. found great fis
sures in the iar.h all around It. This
heading controls the entire irriga
tion system of the Imperial valley.
If it breaks or the Alamo Aasteway,
which rocts as a governor or pre
venter of overflow, breaks, the en
tire valley will be without a water
The flow in
all the hur.dreds of
and laterals is con
heading, but en -California
miles ot canals
! trolled by this
i.lneers of the
r.ietit company
; i an receive-.
reported to the Amer
W. II. Holabird.
'Survivor or refugee?" asked the
representative of. the Arizona Repub
lican of K. E. Roddis. district council
for the L. S. Reclamation service on
bis return from Yuma yesterday
1 morning, thereby eliciting a half hu-
inorous half
earnest description of
the results of the earthquake at the
l.ordr town.
"Y.ima felt the shock more than
was ever sent out." said Mr. Roddis.
"The real story of the scare has not
yet been handled.
"Walls were cracked, plaster peeled
off and people scared into the streets
jerty loss is estimated at fiiM,000.
Martial law has been established here ;
and In Mexicali.
l'nited States
cavalrymen took
charge here and business was sus
pended for the day. The first earth
quake was felt at X:10 in the evening. .
This was followed by a aeries of tre- !
mors which preceded a severe shock ;
at 9:03. It was this tremor that
caused the damage. Several hotels
here were damaged, but the guests
escaped unhurt after the first shock. .
Reports tonight stated that seven
are dead in Mexicali, three Araeri-
cans and' four Mexicans, but this is,
unconfirmed. J
petitioned the Superior Court to have
1 .Mexican system supplies ap
The. Alexican s stem
i proximately 7.".0oo acres .south of the
( Am,,rton ,M,ru,.r wit, irrl(,.ltn wat.
Prs. u is in the hands of A. I.
' Andrade. Mexican receiver. There is
suid tu nave bei" friction l.etween
the two receivers lor -some time.
If Sharps Heading breaks. Mr. Her
mann said, any one or all the main
cauuls will be flooded. If the Alamo
waste gate, breaks, the impounded
waters will flood through the Alamo
river to Salton Sen. depriving the
valley of water. The waste gate j
to the dry bottomed Alamo
at Sharps Heading, is used
excess water.
and also
to divert i
t he opinion t he j
Mr. Hermann is of
. temblors had direct conectnion with;
t ----- - .
;the mud volcanoes south of Calexico j
. which ure almost cnntinually active.
'He said there isa live fault line
'straight through the affected terri
tory, and a perfect crater in Itlacli
j Huttes on the edge of Volcano lake,
.south of the Mexican line. During the
1906 San Fra ucisvo earthquake, he
said, violent quakes occurred along
J the west canal on the American side
(and in the dry bed of the Alamo
j river, severe enough to tumble down
I adobe houses and drive workers from
the river bed.
1,4. K
Angeles, th-it there was no dan
of tnc faihue of the -yst m un
moi e tremors as seve-e as tlie
f last nitrht occur.
1:1 View of
v.'tlle. who
this, iinc'neis of the
with th-i- families
passed the night in the on. ap
prehensively est una tec: the strength
t.f each tremor today and eagerly
sought word from ih irrigation en
gineers with respect to lie ei'feel
Uiuti the ! stern.
Fearing a recurrence of the earth
quakes thousands are tonight sleep
ing in the open. Quiet prevailed in
all the towns but there was an under
current of excitement and fear of
further severe shocks There were
two more slight tremors tonight but
no damage. Kl Centro, Heber. Ca
lexico and Mexicali are tinder mar
tial law. The people here were or
dered off the streets at nine o'clock.
El Centro tonight is dark except
for lamp, candle light. Heber is dark
and the water supply is shut off.
Arc lights illuminate streets of Calexi
co but the buildings are dark. Mexi
cali H bright and the gambling has
been reopened among the ruins. Rut
the patronage is small owing to fear
Continued on Page Two)
Lassen peak erupted today for the.
.one hundred and second time.
Clouds shut off the view, but re
ports from points In the Hat Creek
Valley indicate the eruption was
not dangerous.
in such a h'jrry that at least two
severe accidents resulted. One of our
reclamation boys was in the Arizona
Theater when the shock was felt, and
together with two hundred others,
made a rush for the outside. He se
lected the back way, leaped through
a stage door, and missed a step down
a four foot drop. He wrenched his
leg very badly. One man was
squeezed nearly to death in the rush
to get ( lit of a hotel there. '
"I was sitting in the reclamation
offices with Project Manager Priest
when the first shock was felt. It
seemed that there was just a tiny
jar, and then possibly three seconds
later, the earth and everything on it
seemed to move sharply in a hori
zontal direction. It seemed to me
that this motion was four or five
inches, but of course, it would be im
possible to measure it without instru
ments. "Priest instantly believed it was an
earthquake and made a quick get-
(away. I couldn't get it just at once,
thinking it surely the result of an
, extra heavy blast in the quarries
i nearby. I must ha ve had blasting
on the mind, for It was to investi
gate il a mages done to homes in
;Yirma by our operations in the quar
ries, that I made this trip. I fol
lowed Priest outdoors and there the
whole town was in the streets. The
.dust had risen and for a short time
it seemed that every piece of roof
timber In town, touching another,
was emitting the daredest squeaks.
(CoiVinued on Page Kight)
Thirteen Testifv in Exam
ination That His Conduct
Has Never Been
That His
Tells of Flight from Mat
tea van Without Hesita
tionState Will
He is
Savs (
InciT-aMv Lisa
asuociated press dispatch
NKW YORK. June 23.- Thirteen.
witnesses. including the defendant. Oermau forces compelled them to re
testified that they believed Harry treat from the city, wNch !k onlv
Thaw sane. They appeared in the sixty odd mile due w est of the near
proceedings before the jury to test est point to the Rus-ian frontier.
Thaw's present mental state, on the A Russian official statement to
outcome of which depends whether night admits the loss of Lemberg,
the slayer of Stanford White shall go saximr it was evacuated yesterday,
free, or return to the insane asylum. j The KussUrus have continued to re
The witnesses included four jurors treat on the new p-ont. On the
at Thaw's former trials, two chap- ! Kiver Dueister. south of Lemberg,
liiins. the physician and the keeper; the battle is still raging. Whether the
at Tombs prison, whele Thau was fall of Lemberg meant the Russians
at various limes confined, two news- topei.uing south of it in Southeast (ia
paer men who have been associated ' licia aie elfectively cut off from the
with him during the nine years his-j
tory or the Thaw litigation. the!
lawyer wh.t met Thaw in .New Hnmp-
shire, and a juror in lh" civil pro- :
ceedings instituted by one of Thaw's'
former attorney's against Thaw's
met her They all agreed that Thau I
showed no symptoms of tMuston, that '
i Continued on I'aei
Harry K. Thaw
Mail Comes Now
Bearing Legend
From The Censor
WASHINGTON. June 23. Further
evidence of interference with neutral
mails passing through England were
received at the state department in
the form of an envelope, postmarked
in a neutral European country, ad
dressed to a person in the l'nited
States, bearing across its torn flap
the printed legend "opened by cen
sor." Investigation of this subject has
been in progress at the postoffice
department since, the Swedish min
ister complained i several days ago
that mail from the l'nited States to
Sweden had been oiened, and tam
pered with in England. It is under
stood that proof has been lacking
that the censorship has been applied
to mail both from and to the United
States and it is said that at least
one letter addressed to a neutral di
plomatic mission has been ojiened.
Forecast for Arizona: Fair.
E , if
?l is
Russians Have Lost
cian Capital Which
Occupied Ear'v in
temher and Have
Held ( 'ontjnuoiislv
They Se -Since
On Othei
Claims Troops
Been Gradually
drawing Until Possible to
Leave With Few Losses
associated press dispatch 1
LONDON. June T). Tin- Russians
have lost I .embers;. They occupied
tile Galician capital early in Sep-
Member and held it continuously until
Tuesday . when the combined Austro-
urniy to the north .stretc hing across j
Poland to the Baltic, cannot yet be
said. News-papers in Vienna and Ber-
lin say this is the case and that the j
Russian aims have received a blow
from whnh they cannot recover. j
It the stroke proves ,-u crushing as
the Teutons predict, its effect, mili
tary observers here say, soon should
be ielt in the transfer of vast German
forces to the west, where for days they
have been hard pressed by the French.
Early dispatches from Petrograd re
lated what purported to be the syste
matic withdrawal of the Russians from
the town, and if these details should
Prove correct, it is believed in military
I circles here, when the count is taken
of the AuKtro-German booty It will not
be large, for. as in the case of I'rze-
1 mysl. the Russians are said to have
j worked hard to move everything of
I military value.
! Telegrams from Vienna concerning
'the capture of Lemberg. recounting
I the celebration of the populace of Vi
enna over the victory, pay trioute to
the magnificent rearguard action
fought by the Russians, who are de
clare! to have retreated eastward in
good order, leaving behind few prison
ers and even removing the Russian
documents from the city, which, since
the Russian occupied it, was called by
them Lwow.
tne telegram from Vienna says that
Emperor William and Emperor Fran
cis Joseph propose to meet soon in the
I captured Galieian capital for "fitting
i ceremonies to mark the end of the
Russian dominance in Galieia." News
of the fall of Lemberg was known on
the continent yesterday, but did not
reach London until late today, when
bulletins arrived almost simultaneous
ly by wireless from Berlin, and Vienna
via Amsterdam.
Rejoicing in Vienna
VIENNA. June 23. Y'ienna news
papers, in special editions, announced
the fall or Lemberg, which was widely
celebrated here. The newspapers
think this is an Austrian victory and
WASHINGTON. June 23. General
Carranza informed the United States
that under no circumstances would
he treat with Villa nor would be
compromise with his opiionents, but
would continue his plan to crush his
adversaries by a military campaign.
The president found little hope for
the accommodation of the differences
is between the Mexican factions. .
The president had a long report on
Carranza's views as given in an in
formal conversation with the Amer
ican consular officer at Vera Cruz.
Carranza gave the same arguments
for refusing to enter peace negotia
tions as he has made on previous
occasions recently.
Carranza reiterated that his is not
a campaign for the elevation of per
sonalities, but for the principles of
the revolution; that his opponents are
"reactionaries d-sirous only to sat
isfying personal ambitions."
Outlining his plans for the future.
Carranza stated be would soon dom
inate the situation, and would' grant
amnesty to all who were not guilty
of crimes. General Villa, and his as
sociates, however, according to Gen
eral Carranza, must either leave the
country or be tried by a military
General Carranza's views did not
surprise officials here as he has con
sistently ignored all offers of peace
niade by the Villa -Zapata faction as
well as suggestions of foreign 'media
tion in tho domestic affairs.
No advices have been received as
to the outcome of the reported dif
St- .
LONDON. June 2Z V. Robert
Muller, who was found guilty in
the fourth district of the Old liai
ley of being a German spy, was ex
ecuted in the Tower of London by
shooting. Another alleged spy,
Robert Rosenthal, is said by the
police to have confessed that he
was sent to England by the Ger
man admiralty to obtain informa
tion on naval matters. He will be
court mania led.
- i
Lloyd-George. Min
or Munitions, Has
British Labor
I )a vs in ' Which to
! Make Good Its Promise
LONDON, June 23. David Lloyd
George, minister of munitions, has
given" the British laborers seven days
to make good the promise of the lead
ers that the men will rally to the fac
tories in sufficient niimbore to pro
duce a maximum supply of munitions.
He snid that if labor is not secured,
compulsion is inevitable.
This wm-s the striking statement in
the new. ministers speech in the house'
of commons, in the course of outlining I
the munitions measure, which was de- others were offered in the course of
signed to control not only the output, 'the day and debated, though the de
but the men responsible for the outputv j bate hovered about the principle of
The first of the seven allotted days will the semi-annual system, though it is
begin tomor row, and with its dawning j already established and the abolition
will be launched a great campaign to of it Is not proposed In either of the
recruit workers.
The munitions bill makes strikes and
lockoi ts illegal; provides compulsory
arbitintion; limits the profits of em
ployers: creates a voluntary army of
workmen pledged to go wherever
wanted, and contains other provisions
to give the minister full power to carry
out the plans he has devised to develop
the pioduction of munitions. ,
"I had a fresh discussion with the
trndes union leaders." said Mr. Lloyd
George in his speech, 'and told them if
an adequate supply of labor could not
be secured, compulsion was inevitable.
The union representatives anfiwered:
'Give us a chance to supply the men in
seven days: if we cannot get them, we
will admit that our case is considerably
w etkenc-d.'
"The seven days will begin tomor
row." continued Mr. Lloyd-George,
"and advertisements will appear in all
papers. I'nion representatives have
engaged ISO town halls as recruiting
offices, and the assistance of every
one has been invited."
After emphasizing the absolute ne-
V Continued on Page Two)
signifies not only the end of Russian
domination in Galieia. hut also 'the
complete breakdown of the Russian
ferences between Carranza and Obre-
gon. Enrique Llorente, Washington
representative of the Villa-Zapata
government, gave out two messages
received here by Manuel Bonilla, for
mer cabinet minister under Madero
one from Gen. Y'illa and another from
Gen. Angeles denying that any fric
tion existed. The Villa message dated
yesterday at Aguas Calientes follows:
"You can make wide and emphatic
declaration that the relations between
Angeles and me are very cordial and
that there has been not the slightest
disagreement between tis. Learning
that a member of Angeles' family was
f Continued on Fage Two)
Lansing Is Appointed
To Succeed W. J. Bryan
associated press dispatch governments since the outbreak of
WASHINGTON". June 23. Few ap-jthe European war Lansing has been
point nients in recent years have giv-1 a lifelong democrat, hut he has de-c-n
such widespread satisfaction in j voted his time to international law
the capitol as that of Robert Lansing (and diplomacy, and is popular with
to succeed William J. Rryan as sec-(former republican officials as well as
letary of state. The president signed , his political colleagues. The mem-
his commission tonight, giving Lans
ing a recess appointment.
It was Lansing 'who, as counsellor
for the state department, has advised
the president in the law and prece
dent in the policy pursued by the
l'nited States toward the belligerent
Les: Sanguine Members,
However. Expect the Ad
jcuiTimcnt to Be Coinci
dent. With Exhaustion o'
the La.si Appropriation
It is Onlv a Matter of Ploy
imr the Hands. Say Those
Who Expect the Ses.sioi
to End With the. Close of
This Week
Following the final passage of the
nd bill on Tuesday, both branches
the- legislature gave themselves
ver to relaxation. The house put in
full day without the complete at-
Ieomplishment of anything. It weni
into the committee of the whole for
j the purpose of considering a half
'dozen measures on the calendar but
jonly one of them was considered, the
senate hill for the amendment of the
j semi-tnnual tax payment law passed
j in the regular session. The proposed
I amendment consists only of a chango
lin the time of the year, when the
! semi -annual taxes fall due. Under the
law as it now stands the first pay
ment is not due until some time after
J the taj.es are needed for the schools
and it was therefore, proposed to
change the dates to the first Mon
day of November and tho first Mon
day of May.
(the hill had been referred, reported
I it out with a house hill of the same
tenor pnd along
oral amendments
with, it were sev
by the committee.
' v.;it
Mr. Edwards, however, proposed an
amendment that would have repealed
the law and established the old law.
but no enthusiasm was aroused,
though M; Johns, the principal ad
vote of the senate bill, pronounced it
a job.
Late in the afternoon the senate
jand the house bills were both re
j ferred to the. committee on judiciary
) with instructions to present them this
j morning at ten o'clock.
I The next bill on the calendar was
l.-.jd over without losing its place.
Similar action was taken on the next
one and the one after that until all
rf them were thus disposed of. "I.;
this lting done," asked the uneasy
rr.emlxr. "that they may all be killed
j together?" There was no reply, bm
on the face of things it looked as if
the house was planning a Roman
I holiday, a carnival of slaughter, an
j orgy of blood, a wholesale legalized
I murder.
The house, after all this sanguinary
'i.Ianninsr. took an adjournment until
ten o'clock this morning.
When the house met in the morn
ing. Speaker Brooks. leaving the
chair, offered a motion for a recon
sideration of the vote by which tli."
bill creating the department of lahor
had been passed. He had voted for
it, he said, without a full apprehen
sion. He had come to the conclu
sion that such a department was no',
needed. The laborers engaged in min
ing and that was the chief industrial
pursuit in the state, were well pro
tected by the mine inspection law.
There was no ofher industry of such
importance as to warrant the ex
Ienditure of so large n sum as would
be necessary to maintain a depart -
ment of labor.
This view was taken also by Mr.
Christy, who believed that such a
department would be worse than use
less. The labor commissioner, he
said, would be ap: to be ail agitator:
at any rate, he would have to make
a showing of activity and in conse
quence he would encourage disputes
which might ba averted by em
ployers and employes without outside
Mr. Pinkley aeked the speaker if
it would suit him if his motion to
reconsider were killed. The speaker
replied that that would serve his
purpose: he desired only to put him
self on record as opposing the bill.
. fContinuetl on Pago Two)
bers of the cabinet who talked with
the president on the subject were
unanimous in their recommendation
that he be appointed. When congress
reconvenes the nomination will go
to the senate. No opposition to the
confirmation is anticipated.

xml | txt