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AIM INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR 10 PAGES PIIOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORXJXG, JUNE 25, 1915 10 PAGES YOL.XXVI. X0.38 COLHISESAYS WILSON IS MAN 10 BRING PEACE Tells Friends That l1 resi- (lent Knows More of the European Situation Than He Does and Handles Problems Intelligently SAYS MASSES ARE FOR SETTLEMENT In Long Talk Colonel In forms President That Xo Peace Moves Carried on in Present Are Being Europu at l ASSOCIATED PUSS DISPATCH XEW YORK. June 24 President ilson is considered by Col. K. M House as the man most likely to re More peace in the world. As the presilent was playing on the sl! links at Dong Island this afternoon. House, sitting on the porch of the club house, turned to a friend and I ointed to the president saying that theie was the man most likely to bring cbout peace. In a long talk eirlier the colonel informed the pres ident that no peace moves are being i-arried on in Europe at present. He gained this from officials of the countries at war. Colonel House told friends that the president knew far more about the European situation than he did. and was handling- the problems growing out of the war in a highlv intelli gent manner, as well as any man could handle them. He said the president displayed a remarkable knowledge of the European situation ouring their alk. Ir his golf game the president was victorious over Gordon Auchinloss, a son-in-law of House. i-Oi. House observed during his trip to Europe that public opinion in some countries was most insistent on terms which the governments of those coun tries already had learned in . various ways would not be acceptable to their opponents. In all countries he round that there had developed among the masses a desire for a settlement that would be commen surate with the sacrifice in blood. ;i nd treasure that had leen made by the people. If left to the diplomatists in Europe alone, a return to the ter ritorial status quo would perhaps not be difficult, some of the information indicated. In Germany it seemed, according to reliable information given to the pr-.-iient. that the object of the large and influential party was to prepare public op'ivon for a realization of the ide that Germany's business Inter ests lie in colonial expansion and the incidental cevelopment of overseas commerce, rather than in territorial extension In Europe proper. The question. however. Colonel House thinks likely to play a most important part in any peace negotia tions is "freedom of the seas." the principle that the property of all private citizens, except contraband, shall be exempt from capture or seiz ure on the high seas in tiir.e of war.1 The foregoing point was discussed at the first and second Hague con ferences and at the London naval conference which brought forth the so-called "declaration of London" but no general notification or agreement of whitTi was ever assured. The American delegations to the first and second Hague conferences were en trusted to vote for the adoption of this principle. Colonel House is known to be a supporter of the "freedom of the seas" principle, and in his discussion of the subject while abroad there is some reason to believe that he had the sanction of the president. Col. House found among the allies a widely varying opinion, as had al ready been indicated by th cabled editorial expressions of the foreign press. Col. House disclosed to the presi dent various beliefs and current pub lic opinion in each belligerent coun try as to what might' be possible terms of peace and the trend of public opinion toward different peace proposals that have been brought forward from time to time In Infor mal discussions by the press and peace organizations. The president (Continued on Page Five) Dernberg Is Temporarily Detained At Scotch Port I ASSOCIATED PRK88 DISPATCH ) LONDON. June 24. Unknown to the British public. Dr. Bernhard Dernberg. whose propaganda in favor j of Germany while on a visit to the United States created much com ment, spent last night aboard the Norwegian steamer Bergensfjord In the harbor at Kirkwall. Tonight, however. Dernberg is proceeding to Sweden oit his way to Germany aboard the Bergensfjord, which was detained at Kirkwall yesterday pre sumably on the suspicion she carried contraband. The steamer was re leased this afternoon. A2?Rm?J III l ZJ tr 1 1 I PROBABLY LYMAN JUDGE JAMES J. HILL HONORED IS BY ADMIRERS CAMBRIDGE. June 24. The founding of the James J. Hill Professorship of Transportation for the Harvard graduate school of business, with an endowment of $125,000, was announced by President Dowell in his address to the alumni. Seventy-four donors, railroad presidents. bankers, friends and admirers named for the honor. Hill, because of his accomplishments as a builder and operator of railroads. IS NO CAUSE T Transmits Reciting Memo r a ndum Efforts to Mini mize Iiu on! eniciice to Neutral Shipping Result ing from Orel c r-in-Couneil associated press dispatch I WASHINGTON. June 24 Great Britain, in a memorandum transmitted to the i:nited States and made public here and in London tonight recites at length its efforts to minimize incon venience to neutral commerce resulting i from the order in council against trade with Germany. Austria and Turkey anil asserts that American citizens have no just grounds for complaint on account of the treatment accorded their cargoes. No attempt is made to answer the principles asserted in the BRITAIN COMPLAIN American note of March 1 protesting! large delecation from the south against the order in council and In-side, especially from Mesa and vlcin sisting on the right of neutrals to carry I lty, had been working against the on legitimate trade with each other bill, ostensibly on the ground that and to trade non-contraband with ci vilians in belligerent countries. In transmitting the memorandum Ambassador Page said it was "merely an explanation of concrete caes and the regulations under which they were dealt with." Another note to Great Britain is now in course of prepara tion at the state department and is ex pected to be dispatched as soon as ne gotiations with Germany over subma rine warfare are cleared up. While this communication will probably make references to the latest memorandum it is understood the manner of enforc ing the order in council will not be treated as relevant to the question at Issue whether there is any warrant in international law for the powers that Great Britain and her allies have as sumed to exercise over the commerce of the world. In its memorandum the foreign office emphasizes "the various special concessions made in favor of the United State citizens." setting forth that all British officials acted in ever?" case "with the utmost dispatch consistent with the object, namely to prevent a vessel carrying goods for. or coming from the enemy's territory." The reply of the United States to the last German note in regard to the case (Continued on Page Six) REFUND $65,000 EXCLUDED With a stack of paper slips before him. easily eighteen inches high, Sec retary Van der Veer of the Water Us ers' Association spent most of yester day arternoon engaged in the pleasant occupation of distributing a small mat ter of J63.0OO. Five hundred and thirty-eight owners of land in the Salt River Valley are to receive checks for amount all the way from $1.20 to $23,000. The cause of this sudden access of generosity is the elimination of certain lands from the project by the survey board. A lot of this extra land had f News that the Bergensfjord had been taken into Kirkwall did not be "come known until this afternoon l when the release of the vessel was announcea. The predicament of Dr. Dernberg in being forced to spend the night in a Scotch port is con sidered here an amusing one. He was in no danger of being stopped by the British officials in view of the promise to give him free pass age. He did not leave the steamer while the examination of her cargo was being made. Berlin, through Swedish advices, learned of the detention of the Berg ensfjord last night. 14 I III I V The Senate by a Sudden Reversion of Sentiment Passes House Dill Estab lishing Xew Division of Superior Court COUNTY ATTORN E Y SAID TO BE; SLATED House St niggles All Day With Prohibition Legis lation, Defeating Its Own Bill and Leaving Senate Measure Undisposed of The most important thing that hap pened in the legislature yesterday was unexpected, :he final passage of the bill giving to Maricopa count an additional superior court. Im mediately thereafter it was stated on the authority of members thai the bill would be promptly signed by Acting Governor Osborn. Following this, the news spread rapidly that County At torney Frank H. Lyman would be named as superior judge. Mr. Lyman was called by telephone. He said that he bad had no conver sation with any appointing power relative to the appointment. This legislation was a part of the program of Governor Hunt in bis call. The county court bill was passed by the house several days ago. but it was not then expected that it would be passed by the senate. So doubtful was the result in the senate that the friends of the bill there advised the house to strike off the emergency clause, and that was done. When the bill was brought up in the S'-nate yesterday, it was found that some of the memlers who had been most pronounced against the bill hart changed their views, until it was evident that the emergency clause could be safely restored. That was done and the bill was returned to the house, where the change was ratified and the bill was sent to the acting governor. . conditions did not warrant the ex pense of maintaining another court. Sn this county, but It was understood that it was the belief of the members of this delegation and those repre sented by them, that another court would make more difficult county di vision, which it is understood will be attempted at the next session of the legislature. The Prohibition Fight The time of the house was occu pied for the most part yesterday with the consideration in the whole com mittee of prohibition legislation. The committee on judiciary had reported the Edwards house bill, a modified form of the Powcrs-Drachman n'" of the regular session and senate hill No. 1 of the present session. The battle of last Monday was fought ever ugain. and late in the afternoon, the bill having been recommended for thtrd reading, went to final passage and was defeated by a vote of 15 to IS, as follows: Ayes Acuff. Austin. Berry. Clay pool. Cook, Edwards, Farrell, Francis. I.ee, Lines McClain Pinkley, Powers. Proctor, Vaughn 13. Nays Briscoe, Buchanan, Christy. Doyle, Flanagan. Goodwin, Graham. (Continued on rage Three) TO LAND FROM PROJECT paid In its power and other assess ments, and the refund' consisted of such portions of these assessments as were properly returnable, under the condi tions set forth in this notice: "When power assessments Nos. 5 and C were levied by the association it was a provision of the levy that any land upon which these assessments might be pa 1.1 and which was subsequently ex cluded from receiving the benefits of the reservoir, should have refunded the amount of assessments so paid. The external boundaries of the reser voir district have been fixed by the board of survey, an exclusion line drawn, and the refund is now made on all lands outside of these lines on which cither or both of the power as sessments had been paid. There was also excluded tracts subdivided for res idential purposes adjacent to munici palities but which was evidently to be come used more especially for residen tial rather than agricultural or horti cultural purposes, and upon such "townsite areas" the refund is also made. By order of the board of gov ernors. In cases where there was any land remaining upon which the current assessment had not been paid, the re fund waa applied first to the credit of such assessment and the balance paid to the owner. The smallest checks were for the to tal assessment on single acre tracts, while the big check went to the Chand ler Improvement company for twelve sections of their land that were thrown out of the project by the report of the survey board. WILL ATTEMPT TO SHOW THAW IS While Sixteen Witnesses Testify They Believe Him Rational, State Attorneys Say None Brought Up His One Delusion IS A (J ENTLEM AN: .HAS NO DELUSIONS This is the Tcstimonv Substance of of Friends Made During in Canada Hampshire His Sojourn and New fASSOCIATKD PKES8 DISPATCH 3 NKW YORK, June 24. Harry Thaw, sitting beside his lawyers at the jury trial to test his sanity, heard sixteen more witnesses nearly all of them friends made during bis so journ in Canada and New Hampshire testify they believed him a rational ! man. ne was a physician who hail j atti ndeil his sprained ankle, another! had sold him an automobile, another had grme fishing ami another camp ing with him. and one was the sner iff who was his custodian in New Hampshire fur sixteen months. One. Alderman Sherwood of Quebec, said he thought so much of Thaw that he had invited him to settle down there as one of the city's business men. All witnesses declared Thaw con ducted himself like a gentleman, had no delusions, and was rational both PARANOIAC in speech and action. Thaw, turning; that troops from Galieia arc already frequently to the newspaper men ! journeying westward and that Ger who sat near him. gave evidence of many plans to start a fresh campaign iiis satisfaction at the mass of evi- j jn the near future along the Belgian dence in bis favor that his counsel ( coast. was presenting to the jury. Attorneys for the state, however, never failed to cross-examine each witness whether Thaw nt any time discussed women with them or any circumstances (hat led to the murder of Stanford White. None would say that these topics were brought up. whereupon the state's examiners would make the point that a paranoiac such as Thaw Is alleged to be might converse rationally except when his one delusion was mentioned. Thaw was espeiia lly pleased with the testimony of Sheriff Holman Drew of (Continued on - o- Page Five) VILLA SAYS ONE ' viva be Message .Says Villa Still (Vcujiies Aguas Cali eutes, While Carranzr. Agency J'eport.s Obregon!' 1S 111' OSSCNSIOU ASSOCIATED PRES3 DISPATCH KL PASO, June 24. A private message dated last night from Aguas Calientes. signed by General Villa stated he still occupied the city. Further information of the exact status of the military operations be tween Villa and Obregon was await ed with keenest interest. The claim of the Carranza agency that Obregon occupied Aguas Calientes was ac cepted generally by observers not withstanding the fact that a private message dated last night at Aguas Calientes, signed by Villa was re ceived. It was pointed out a similar mes sage was received from Villa under a Silao date two days after Villa had been driven from that city by Obregon forces. Contradicting the Carranza claims was the announce ment at the Mexican National rail way station at Juarez that passen ger service was tieing maintained and tickets were sold late foday to Aguas Calientes. Word was received that Miguel Lombardo, foreign minister in the Villa catiinet, will reach the bor der tomorrow. More than passing interest was displayed in the circular issued by the military authorities at Parral, Chihuahua, a copy of which was re ceived here. The circular fixed prices of foodstuffs. It was stated that the (Continued on Page Six) o WEATHER TODAY associated preps dispatch WASHINGTON, July 24. For zona: Fair. Ari- TIG. ANOTHER FROM CARRANZA y - js) CROSSING OF DNEISTER B Y GERMAN TVDICA TES it,. ANOTHER SLAVZ'FEAT Battle of the Dneister is Not Over. But Crossing of River by Linsingsen Seems to Presage An other Russian Rout GERMANS STILL ON OFFENSIVE With Galieia All But Cleared of Russians the Weight of Teutonic Forec Will Soon Be Felt Some where Else associated press dispatch LONDON, June 24. With the Rus sians still retreating in the east, 'the French ares lowly gaining at certain points on the western front. The Aus-tro-Germans now are firmly estab lished at Lemberg, but have shown no sign of ceasing the offensive. The battle of the Dneister, to the south of the city, is not over, but, according lo Ilerlin, General Linsingsen has been able to throw troops across the river, a fact which is taken in some ouaiters to presage another Russian ; defeat. With Galieia all but cleared of Russians, the weight of Teutonic ! forces released in that theater must 'soon be felt somewhere else, but opin- , ions are divided as to whether it ! be on the western front or in will Po- j land. i mi' theory is that the Germans j will launch against Warsaw another terrific attack similar to their drive in Galieia. This coincides with the jbel.f that it is the Austro-German plan to batter Russia before turning : west. Opposed to this are reports j west. Opposed to this are Lemberg is celebrating the return of the Austrians and Vienna has not yet ceased her revelry at the reeap- I ture of the city. Petrograd, mean while, continues to depreciate the military importance of the achieve ment, professing confidence that it will have no bearing on the ultimate outcome of the war. The first day of David Lloyd -George's appeal for munition work ers seems to indicate that nn ade quate number is being enrolled. The whole country is now engaged in a recruiting ca mpaign more intense than any previous appeal for fighters at the front. Battalion Nearly Annihilated TORONTO. June 24. The first Western Ontario battalion was all but annihilated in action near La basse, northern France, on June lii. says a semi-official account received here. Out of between 6n0 and 700 men, the battalion lost in killed and wounded feers. nearly H0O, includng 20 of- ON EVE OF REGATTA NKW LONDON. Conn., June The largest throng n many had assembled this evening 24. years prep- eratory to the annual inter-varsity regatta between Harvard and Yale tomorrow. The streets are gay wth throngs sporting the Crimson and Blue colors. It is generally conceded that with the varsity and minor crews of the rival colleges are very evenly matched for the contests. DR. RUPERT BLUE NEW READ OF THE MEDICAL ASSOCIATION associated press dispatch SAN FRANCISCO, June 24. Dr. Rupert Blue, r.urgeon general of the public health service, was today elected president of the American Medical As sociation at the sixty-sixth annual con vention. Injuries of the brain and of the eyes are more frequent and cause more deaths in the present war in Europe than was ever the case in any other war, according to Dr. Lloyd Mills of Los Angeles, who related his experiences in Austria at today's meeting of the as sociation. These Injuries are more ser ious owing to the short range at which most of the fighting has been carried on and to the rotary motion of the bul let fired from the German rifle, which revolves about thirty-two times a sec ond. Infections are common, especiallj following shrapnel wounds. Of those recovering, the number of totally blind, according to Dr. Mills, is appallingly large and will need special provision on the part of European countries after the war is over. The manner in which small hospitals are conducted is not yielding the best results, in the opinion of Dr. L. W. Littig of Davenport, la., who also addressed the meeting today. Lack of harmoni ous cooperation between the members of the staff, inefficiency of the nurs ing staff, commercial management of the training school and lack of careful supervision are some of ihe reasons given by Dr. Littig for this condition. Ilorror of leprosy is an inheritance from the middle ages and is not justi fied by the facts, said Dr. Douglass W. AMERICAN IS ARRESTED A3 SPY NACO, June 24 Gen. commanding Maytorena's in Sonora, entered Naco, yesterday and arrested Haymore of Douglas, as The Mexican officers are Acosta, forces Sonora, William a spy. said to have been drinking. Haymore was taken to the camp at San Jose and released. K. Acosta, Maytorena's collector of customs struck an American named Car rothers over the head with a re volver. OF EARTHQUAKE AT EL CENTRO Walter B. Kibbey Detailed Account Writes of Big Ounke That Shook the Tues- Imperial Valley dav Night The most graphic and detailed ac count of the Imperial Valley earth quake which has yet been made public is contained in a letter received yester day by Judge Joseph H. Kibbey from Iiis son, Walter B. Kibbey, who is en gaged in the practice of law at El Cen tro. Under date of June 23 he writes of the earthquake which demolished buildings in the Imperial Valley: "The damage can hardly be estimat ed even now. There is not a business building in town which escaped injury, and in my opinion, all but possibly two or three will have to be entirely rebuilt. A few minutes after 8 o'clock we felt a slight shock. I remarked that I would like to see and experience one severe shock, provided no damage would result. The next instant the whole house seemed to tilt on end. re cover and tilt the other way, the chan deliers traveling first east, and then west, and while in motion the lights went out." After describing the escape of him self and neighbors from the building, he continues, "The earth was still rocking. The sky was almost instantly filled with flames and the glare from the large Delta Mercantile wholesale house, which caught fire and was de stroyed at a $30,000 loss. We could hear people screaming and the crash of falling buildings. One of the own ers of that store lived just across the street, and his son, Mr. L., Mr. Bliss and I went in an auto to the fire and then through town. One building, a large garage, was completely destroyed and all buildings slightly injured. Peo ple were running up and down, excited and doing peculiar things. We re turned and several small shocks fol lowed, when another violent one canSe. This increased the screaming, and the crashing of falling walls was awful. "A short time later another very se vere shock t-amc, adding to the terror (Continued on Page Three) Montgomery of San Francisco in a pa per presented this morning. The re pulsive appearance of leprosy and the fear of its extreme contagion due to misunderstanding of the nature of lep rosy as mentioned in the Bible have created a belief in the public mind that leprosy is extremely contagious. This belief, says Dr. Montgomery, is not founded on fact. Leprosy Is very slightly contagious and is a slowly pro gressive disease, much less dangerous (Continued on Page Five) AN Censorship To Be Avoided By Neiv Routing Of Mails ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON", June 24. Com plaints that censors tamper with neutral mail passing through Great Britain resulted in the issuance of an order by the post office depart ment directing that all mail from the United States destined to Norway, Sweden and Netherland be dispatched on steamers sailing directly to those countries, and not touching at bel ligerent ports. This remedy was suggested by the Swedish minister, who recently filed with the state department evidence that mail from the United States to Sweden was opened and censored in England. As the countries in which the mails originate control the rout IDE QUAKES AT EL CENTRO AND CALEXICO Kelvins lT pon Their Own itesourees Entirely the Stricken Towns (Jo to "Work Repairing Damage. .Wrought by Earthquakes FATALITIES NOW TOTAL NINE Three Banks Open for Bus iness in El Centro and Are for Present Jointly Occupying Bir Canvas Tent ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH CALEXICO, June 24. Five terrific earthquake shocks were felt here bo tween eight and nine o'clock tonight which were increasing in intensity. The entire populace rushed out of doors at the first shock. The first shock was felt about 8:15 and the succeeding four at intervals until 10:10. The people nerveracked by their experiences since Tuesday night, were alarmed, but no appreciable damage was done. No injury to the ir rigation system was reported. Wire communications were not interrupted. Some walls weakened by previous shocks collapsed. SHOCK FELT AT EL CENTRO EL CENTRO, June 24. Three shocks were felt here tonight. They lacked the intensity of the tremors which partially wrecked the town Tuesday night but were sufficient to renew the excite ment. There was no damage. The first shock tonight occurred dur ing a mass meeting. It did not affect the program and resolutions were passed condemning some reports sent out as exaggerations. Five thousand people attended. KL CENTRO, June 24. -Relying upon their own resources entirely, the people of the Imperial valley went to work to repair the damages wrought by the series of earthquakes that began Tuesday night. Slight tremors today caused no further losses. The number of fatalities nine, eight at Mexacali and totaled one at Calexico, where Mrs. Eliza Ilevner, grandmother of F. D. Hevner, banker and president of the chamber of com merce, of Imperial, died of heart trouble shortly after the first shock. &he was 8" vears old. Three banks opened for business here, jointly occupying a big tent. Canvas also sheltered a number of mercantile businesses whose quarters were destroyed or so badly damaged that the buildings are deemed unsafe. Brigadier General Robert Wankow ski of the California National fjuard. who came to the valley as the rep resentative of Governor Johnson, was told that the valley thanked the peo ple of the state for their proffers of assistance, but that the situation could be handled wihout aid. Trus tees at Calexico, however, considered asking state aid to dispose of bonds to replace the grammar school de stroyed. Colonel Cantu. the Mexican com mandant at Mexicali, denied tonight that any Mexicans were killed there. He stated that four Americans Jo seph Bach, James Pcnzil, Frank Pmith and Bert Arbuckle, and two Chinese were the only persons slain there. Residents of Calexico. how ever, said that two Mexicans were also killed and the body of one re covered this afternoon. Frank Smith, a musician, was killed while doing an act of kindness. A fellow musi cian had fallen sick Tuesday and Smith was taking his place that night in order that he might hold his posi tion. EIGHT DEAD IN WRECK ASSOCIATED PRKSS DIBrATOH 1 GETTYSBURG. June 24. Kicht aro known to have been killed and from twelve to fourteen injured in a head on collision between the Blue Moun tain special and a local train on the Vestern Maryland railroad near the Mason and Dixon line tonight. ing, the order will affect only out going mail. It is expected here, however, that similar steps will soon be taken by at least some of the European neutrals involved. In addition to the formal communi cation from Sweden, the state de partment received complaints indi cating that mails both to and from America has been subjected to rigid censorship in England. A German inquiry into the alleged tampering with mails at home and abroad is also being conducted by the post of fice department, charges having been made that mail of the embas sies and legations of the belligerent countries has been opened on United. States mail cars.