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PAfiEFOUIi 'r.S3 ' THE ARIZONA KEPUBLICAN, MONDAY M()RNIN(5, JULY VI, 1015 L 1 Arizona Republican's Editorial Pagejir T 1 "' 1 - -V - , 1 , - 3 TI10 Arizona Republican Published by ARIZONA PUBLISHING COM PA NT. Iwtght B. Heard President and Manw Utiarlca A. Stautfer Huslness MnnKr tlarth W. Cale Assistant Busineaa Manngnr J. W. SiM-ar i Kdltor Exclusive Morning Associated Press IXspatchea. Office, Corner Second and Adams Streets. Knteicd at tl- 1'o.siofi'ice at Phoenix. Arizona, aa Mail Matter of the Second Class. u. ii ,v Ham. HcplcselilaUVcs. New koik fflc. Brunswick Building. Chicago Of fie. Advertising Building. Atldiena all communications to TUB ARIZONA RB PI'RlJCAN. Phoenix. Arizona. TKLKl'HU.NES: Business Office 421 City hklltor 433 M'HSCRIITION KATES: lally, one month, in advance -7B I !!. three months, in advance 2.00 laily. aix months, in advance 4 no Ihtily. one year, in advance 8.00 Puudaya only, by mail 2.60 .MO.MIAY MORNING. JULY 1-', Rli I j;tcv up iu the field, and a man like nil' troubles himself little about a million men. Napoleon Uonaparte. Wi State Taxation suppose the tax commission was moved to its increased assessment of the n.mcs i the higher pii e of copper, which constituted the chief output ..f the mines of this slate. Th valuation of real state for purposes of i.ix.ition is lower, as it shoitld be. Slice, under the depression of tile lasl v.t.r the :n iriel value of such iroperty has dc i leased, temporirily, ami likewise the income from that lass of piopcity has leen reduced. Whe'her or not there has been discrimination as lilmrii these two classes of pro-erly, the total amount of taxation on .the whole should le greats re lucid. The state government should Like a les son from the IhoenU city government which, by the application of business principles, has been enabled to reduce- the rate of taxation, notwith standing the valuation for taxable puriH-ses has leeii initccd from that of a year ago. We do not know whether the state will attempt to make a similar, good showing. The trout It with i ho state government has been that it has con tcmeii uself less with the institution of economies than with the collection of large funds to be more er U :-s recklessly expinJed. It has lacked a busi ness management such as the city enjoys. Through out the regular and the second legislative session, i he legislature was beset by the clamor of thfe hoi se-leeclfs d'Uighters of "morel more!" Nowhere was there a pica for economy, livery department wanted plenty," and to be sure that it w.juld have plenty it wanted more thin enough. Nob.nl" cared for economy because "nobody under our system could be held directly re-'ponsibU; for wastefulness. The legislature tried in some direi Hons, some t'Ries ruber illogicaily. to economise, and managed to cut down the appropriation bill to something like true proportions, tbougn in itself it nia not 1 .' well pn poi tioni d. The law is now in sruch a sha;e that either there will not be as much money as the state actually need, or else theri w ill be a great deal more than will be nee-led and much more than was appropriated two years ago. In the latter ase, it will be :t!l spent and the taxpayers will be lefi without relief. Tho Sno-t Story We notice advertisements by persons who teach short-story writing; also the advertisements of t-chools which induct the ambitious into the ms-"l tcries of the short story, all of which reminds ua of a correspondence in which The Tit publican found itself involved once with the then president of the . I'niied States civil service commission, Hon. John I'.. Procter. The Republican had printed a story based upon the observations of a member of its i.talf, concerning civil service examinations in gen eral and examinations in particular for the selection of line riders, an essential part of whose duties is to care for horses. The story was widely copied, aad a deprecatory letter vvas received from Mr. Procter, who said that the skill of applicants with respect to horsemanship was determined., by "thj most searching questions." There are some things that cannot be taught by mail; among them, the art of milking p. cow, the shearing of a sheep, flying .an airship, and writing a thort story, or, for that matter, a long novel. The persons who pretend to teach shoit-Etory writing are. without exception, people who have at tained no success in that or any other branch of literature, for the successful writing of short storied is a much more remunerative, not to say a more bonorable occupation, than teaching others how to write them. Journalism may be taught;"' that is, the rudi ments of it, the routine, by uchoola and even by mail. liut the short story or any department of fi- tion is a different matter. The best short-story writers are men and women who have a marked natural aptitude for telling stories. This is a quality which cannot be imparted. It may be latent nnd susceptible of development but it must have been there by r.ature. No amount of effort and study will make a short-story " writer out of one in whom there lias not been implanted the knack of fctory telling. Kiction writing has been discussed In a most interesting manner by Charles Belmont Iavis in the New York Times, who saye that there is no lack of evidence that the demand for short stories is greater than the supply. In the United States lo ony he says "it is absolutely impossible to be a Neglected Genius." That will be comforting to thousands of aspirants, young and old. but Genius, Mr. Oavis informs us, is not the mere possession of literary ability. The successful author must have ideas. What he says further is of more value to the aspiring short-story writer than all the correspond tnce courses and all the schools of short-story writing in the wurld. A successful writer must have ideas, a clear notion how to develop them, and a fair amount of general information. A young writer, who has it in mind to earn a living by sell ing fiction, should firsi. submit several of his stories to well-known magazines in order to ascertain whether he has a knack of story telling; and ho should become Introspective long enough to ascer tain whether he has a store of ideas or an imagina tion which enables him to weave them into plots from incidents which he sees and hears. , Reaction Tests A means for fighting disease which while not precisely new, is still not much used, is the skin reaction test. This great weapon of modern medi cine promises to be oiie of the most useful meas ures to prevent the spread of contagious diseases. A striking example of the novel method is known as the Shick skin reaction. It is used in combating the very serious and dangerous disease, diphtheria. The Shick test is not a cure, nor preventive. It is a means of telling who can catch dihpbtheria and who cannot catch it. It appears that a great many people have in their blood an anti-body which kills diphtheria germs. It is irupoi taut to know who these fortunate persons arc. The ishick test tlocs the trick. To apply the test, a physician injects under the outer skin a little fresh diphtheria toxin. If the toxin is administered in a proper manner, there is not the slightest danger, it is said, to the person inoculated. If he who undergoes the Shick test is immune to diphtheria, nothing ha pens. If he is suspectible to the disease, a Utile red spot about the size of a dime appears on the skin within 'wenly four hours. The utility of this medical detective work is obvious. Persons known to be immune to diphthe ria could nurse cases of it without anxiety, and persons known to Ik- liable to the disease could take extra precautions not to exose themselves to it. The success of the Shick nvthod has led phvjiciaiis to believe that similar tests will be found for other diseases. The tuberculosis reaction is well known, but this giveo evidence t existence of the disease iiself, not of immunity fronrit. A Calitornian an nounces that he has discovered ;t skill test for tv phoid immunity, but so far reu ts are latking regarding its success in medical practice. The Sliick skin reaction and similar tests might have an indirect but important beneficial influent e. Nearly all infectious and contagious diseases are caused by polluted w ater oi un .v holesorue sanitary conditions. While the whole community is sup posed ,to be striving to coirect such unfavorable conditions, it Is to be feared that the battle is often waged in n hnlf-hearted, indifferent manner. If, however, a man was credibly informed that he was susceptible to typhoid or some other coiniminii able disease, it is altogether probable that he would manifest considerable energy in doing his share to make his neighborhood clean and conducive to good health. it is the hope of orchardists that th. governor in filling the vacancy on tlve horticultural commis sion will appoint a capable man ami one who is in frympathy with the work of the commission, which since it came into existence has always been an effective organization through all changes oi mem bership. Today the orchards of Arizona are more nearly free from insect pests than those of any other state in the union, thousrh it is surrounded by inject enemies on nil sides. This condition has Ixs-n secured only by vigilance which must be main tained if the condition is to be pcrmancrt. BELGIAN REFUGEES IN PARIS "I recall once, during a rehearsal of l'er ilytit,' hearing an actress criticized on the reading of a scene. The lines, I think, were something like this: "'The worst was leaving my liltb; sister no. parting from father wa. wcrse. The worst was parting from her at whose breast I was born. No, God forgive me, the woist was leaving tlum ill:- "How strange, eight years after that reheat sal, to have viilually that s..r..e scene p'ayed before nie at it. Sulpicel And when, in answer lo N:ui's questions about Pelgium. and what had been b Ct ami lost, that girl from Termonde, blank -lan d, told simply, without a fear, v.'itliou: a gesture, of father, mother, and husband and child all cVml. ard broke on that wor-1 'all.' I am sure that neither Ilenrik Ibsen nor Richard Mansfield could have imagined a rendition equal to that. What can I say? W'h, even Ninl had to turn away her head. "'All:- Oh, how miiny faces I saw with fiat 'all upon them, and yet could s.nile, as if they had found God among the ruins' Thankful even for K. -'iilpice! There to me was the pathos of the liejgiaii refugees, not In what they had suffered and lost, but that they could be thankful thankful, bcause, inrtead of being harried from town to town, they hal beds to sleep on, and little cell-like chambers with little lamps, and modest mals to eat, silting upon the benches, safe at last." K.sudie i.oom:s, ir the July Century. WOMEN DRUNKARDS IN LONDON There has been a disquieting increase In the number of women charged with drunkenness and disorderly conduct at many of the ljondon police courts. Clark 'Hall, tit Old Street, recently had twenty-six women brought before him on these charges, and other London magistrates, in poor neighborhoods, have had the same experience of increased cases of drunkenness. Most of these women are either in receipt of army separation allowances or their menfolk, usually on the poverty border line, are finding casual labor more remunerative and more easily obtainable than usual. Some of the women are eprning money ordi narily earned by men. Iinilon Times. THE REMEDY FOR ANGER The greatest remedy for anger- is delay; .beg anger to grant you this at the first, not in order that it may pardon the offense, but that it may form a right judgment about it; if it delays, it will come to an end. Do not attempt to quell it all at once, for its first impulses are fierce; by plucking away Its parts we shall remove the whole. We are made angry by some things which we learn at second hand, and b some things which we ourselves hear or see. Now, we ought to be slow to believe what is told us. ... If you were about to give sentence in court about ever so small a sum of money, you would take r.othinir as proved without a witness, nnd a witness would count for nothing except on his oath. You wo'.ild allow both jides to be heard; you would allow them time. Seneca. CAPITOL'S WATCHDOG IS MORE VKilLANT SINCE BOMB OUTRAGE m ifeN lib ?l lit I Si . -! 4' .... -AV waft A "st. V . vr ' - m 'toy-?' 6 at i Intcrior of senate wing of V. S. rapitol damaged by bomb explosion; Klliott Woods.' Since the wrecking: hy frank Holt's bomb of the reception room on the senate side of the United Slates capitol. Superintendent Klliott Woods of the capitol and grounds has redoubled his efforts to keep cranks away Woods has entire charge of the policing- of the capitol. It u estimated that the wrecked room can be repaired for SG00. y r r 5 mm mM Trust Accounts are ii;ui11o1 in nu a!so lutcly satisfactory iinn lii'i' by tlic Phoenix Title and Trust Co. 18 North First Ave. Where the People Have Hearing May ROOSEVELT AS PEACEMAKER To the Kdltor of Tin Itepublican, Sir: The war nov devastating Kul'ope lias retched a s!;ige vvbi-lc vvhatever may have been the cause or cruises of its inception or whatever ob jei Is wce hojied to bi' attaitu-fl, have been entirelv lost sight '( in a br'ital lust for whosesale slaughter and de struction the further continuance of which will constitute a crime the enormity of which the iinite mind Is incapable of fully appreciating. All the belligerent nations are now sadly avv.-.kcning to a realization of this fact and each 'would gladly welcome any feasible proposition whereby peace. peace with honor, might be attained, vet not one of them ail would vti.ture to take the initiative in a peace pro posal lest it be construed as a confes sion of weakness. To a neutral nation, nnd obvioiislv the I'nited States, must they look and hone for proposals in the interest of peace. With all due respect to l'resideti Wilson, ii is hardly probable in view ot oast ic;-iirrences and the cres.'t !J ate situation that the offer of himself as an arbiter oi' one (.f a board of ar biters would be proper or would be re ceived with anv ib gree of f ivor by the nations involved. It. hnvv ver. the pro-pos-;! o( an arbitration board or tribu nal with l;-Prc,ii.bi,f Roosevelt as l member were- presented it wo ild un doubtedly receive great consider.! t ion nnd pro! abb acf-cptan'-e. His record in 'he settlement of the Russo-Japanese trounle. bis world wide reputation as a man who accomplishes things, who ai hb ves results ard docs it speedily, vvoufc! incpire confidence in his abil ity to flo so in this case, and the pres tige of that eonfidenc" would be a great factor in its accomplishment. Many of us in this country are not in at' ord with sonic of t'o'onel Roosevelt's poli tical activities but vve must admit that he s the t,nc man pre-eminently fitted to take up the work indicated. In oth er countries where the people are not influenced bv petty political iealousies and animosities his especial fitness for this work and occasion is more geni ally and fully recognized. Tlx' success ful accomplishment of the desired re sult would establish f'olonel Roosevelt in a position of greater honor before the world than would the coiifering of any office in I he gi!t of anv people nnd on President Wilson should he make such proposal and appointment would be reflected greater honor than could ensue from any other act of hisi official career. C. M. AN OVERHEARD PORCH CONVER SATION IS THE REPUBLICAN RIGHT OR WRONG? Mary "I like The Republican, like the editorials, the locals, but there is one stand it takes to which I am opposed. They urge us quite often to buy all our supplies right here in I'hoenlk. I don't believe in that. I have a right to buy anywhere I wish." Amy "Why don't you believe in it? You have oroperty hei$", why should you not Mary "I will tell you. T wanted a certain good article in the grocery line. Idly taking up an eastern cat alog sent me,, I noticed the figures, tloing down town I found an inferior a.rticle from description about one dollar higher on the quantity I wanted. I sent east for it. qtiality and quantity exactly as described. Vou are always advertising home purchase. Just tell me why I should not make that dollar, put it in my own pocket as well as the grocer, who even makes ' more on carload lots?" Mary was right in one way for today but in the broader field, in the long run she was not. Amy took up the argument in the ronowing line of thought. You have some pro perty, not quite clear; you intend to cb :ir it and you will if Phoenix grows. Suppose everyone purchased outside as you are advocating the money is sent to upbuild another city. Would not our Washington street and Outer be cowpaths in I. tin if that was continued by every one? If you purchase outside, so an others; if you do not then your friends are influenced not to do so. I know nothing of prices of groceries, never kept house here. We will dis cuss what I actually know. You can purchase dry goods, shoes, notions and nady made suits as cheaply, as ..p to date, here, in I'hoenlx as in t.'hieago or New York. You have the advantage of free alterations for the latter. Hats and shoes tire risky to purchase except where you can see them. Notions, fancy collars, are as h-ap here and a good assortment. You have seen a cramped store grow to a big new corner department, store, a credit t any city of greater size than this one. They could not have built that had the people patronized other cities. You have another good store catering to hiuh quality goods at no increase of New York prices. What keeps them up? Your patron age. True the grocer you mention has r.ot built a large store for his purpose. lie could do so if . rumor vi.iatis truly, but his employes like bin); be ,,avs fair wages and aoeps therr. all through gcod and bad sea sons You pafrnize him to enable him to do so. True, as you say. the nostion comes up how much should a man expect to make on staplcsf of lib-? ne wotdd have to go into figures, have positive fact and the warm wca'her is not conducive to sti'inuoos thought. The question of supporting your own town is a vital one. Kvery dollar in circulation here helps our city, beautifies it, paves our s!rets, brings strangers here, make.: demands for renting houses, for property, yours and mine. Ioy ajfy to our home people Is due from us; tbev are our friends and neigh bors. We expect them to belli us in sickness nnd trials in nine cases out , iet1 tiny do so. We do the same by them. I iocs the catalog merchant come to our relief? He does not know we exist -we have simply added our mite to bis trip to Knrone if there is no war. In a broad sense it isioiir merchants here who sell our lots. I .et us liHinmi.c iiieio wucn,., il is twentv-five cents or a dollar. The Republican docs a generous lot of free advertising, as all good tiews papes do. they also deoend on the merchant ns the merchant depends on The Republican. We are all one great bin family; lot us patronize our family circle exclusively. The Republican is ritrht. JAY'. UNITED EASTERN IS PREPARING TO BUILD NEW MILLING PLANT Ai rangementii are rapidly being com pleted for the construction of a mod ern milling piant at the United Kust cin .Mines at Oat man, according to Ocorgc 1. 01m, managing director of the company, who was in Phoenix Satur day. The purpose of his visit was to confer with the corporation commis sion regarding the issuance of addi ior:;il sVtros of stock, the money from which is to lie used in the construc tion of an ore crusher, and other units of the new milling plant. The new milling plant of the United Ujstern w ill be located at a point con vetHent to the main shaft, and' will be so constructed that other units can be added from time to time. It is statl that there will be a t wenty-stamp mill, beside the ore crushers and other nec- essarv units for handling the ores. It is estimated tl'.at the plant as now planned for will have a capacity of lfitl tons per day. The value of the tonnage now in sight is estimated ft from $ I .".on.iiiio t $ j.iHiii.iiim and this amount is constantly being increased. The average grade of the ore on the S'B foot level is $36.60 per ton. o JOFFRE'S PLAN (Continued from Page One) vigny takes the offensive in the direc tion of the west. "'3rd Army: The 3rd army will move toward the west to attack the left flank of the enemy's forces who are march ing to tlic west of the Argonne. It will combine its action to that of the 4th army which has orders to face the enemy ' "It was on the morning of Septem ber 6 finally that the general-in-chief addressed to the armies the proclama tion that has been taken wrongly for a tactical order, but which was in reality nothing but an appeal to the devotion of the troops: "'At the moment when a battle upon which the safety of the country de pends is to be engaged, it is necessary for all to recall that the moment to look behind has passed. All efforts 'hould be employed to attack and push back the enemy. Troops that can no longer advance should at any cost hold the ground gained and let themselves be killed on the spot rather than retire. Under the present circumstances no weakness can be tolerated." " WAR ELIMINATING THE HORSE Since Conflict Began We Have Ex ported 59 Million Dollars' Worth OUR NAVAL MARKSMANSHIP BAD Only frequent tarket practice and regular fleet maneuvers can bring about the efficiency requisite to what Imav be called a naliting fleet. I The secretary of the navy stated lately (April) that the fleet was fitter 'than ever before. In order to prove his statement, I suggest his publish I ing the results of the target practice of the battle ships during the last I two years of he Taft administration land the first two years of the pres ent administration for a comparison as to the fitness now and then. I have been informed, : ns to one division. that the target practice within the last two years was very poor. For instance, on one battleship with 140 shots at ten thousand yards, fired from 12-Inch, S-inch and 7-inch guns, there were only six hits, and the battle ship that made the best record In the same division, firing the same number of times, made only fourteen hits. If this was the case in practice, what would, this same division have done in battle?. George von L,. Meyer in the Metropolitan Magazine. '" the evening of September 4th gave the following general order: "'1. The question now is to profit from the situation of the lirst Ger man army to concentrate on it the crfo-ts of the armies of the allies en the extreme left. Two dispositions will be taken in the day of Septem ber fth with a view to legiiining the attack on the 6th. "2. The dispositions to be realized for the nth of September in the even ing shall be: '"a. All the forces available of the Oth armv to the northeast of Meaux. to cross the Oureq between I.izy-sur-O'ircq and May-en-Multien in the general direction of Theateau Tierry. The elements available of the 1st corps of cavalry which are in proximity shall be placed under the orders of General Maunoury for that operation. " 'b. The Kimlish army sha'I be upon the fro;it, Uhalngrs-Ooulom-miers, facing the east, reidy to at tack in the general direction of Mont mirail. " 'c. The ath army, closing in slightly upon its left, will establish themselves upon the general front of Courtaoon. Ks-ternay. Sezanne, ready to attack in th general direction of south to north, the second corps of cavalry maintaining the junction be tween the oth army and the. English army. i " 'd. The Slh armv will cover the right of the Fth army, holding the exits to the south from the Saint Cond marshes and directing a part of its forces upon the piateau to the north of Sezantte. " The offensive shall le taken by these different armies the 6th of September in the morning. (Signed) "'JOUFRK' ""The following morning orders were given to the 4th and 3rd armies operat ing at the right of the preceding: "'4th Army: Tomorrow morning September 6 the armies on our left will attack in front and in flank the first and second German armies. The 4th army, stopping its movements toward the south, will face the enemy, combin ing its movement with that of the 3rd army, which moving to the noyh of Re- The extent to which the war has de pleted the supply of high clas Ameri can horses is pointed out by K. K. Sturgis. widely known in financial circles and who is vice-chairman of tbo Jo key Club has charge of that organi zation's bureau of breeding in New York state. "The economic waste the struggle has created is not generally realized." said Mr. Sturgis. "The announcement that we have exported 59 million dol lars' worth of horses and mules -since the war started will not mean much except to the initiated, but it takes on tremendous importance when we learn that during the entire period of the Hoer War. which lasted from Oc tober. is:m. to June. 190:!. the Hritish government purchased all told 47.fiOii horses of which we supplied 10!.R33 head. During the same period they bought 149.6SS mules, of which we fur nished 81.324 head. "It appears from this that the United States has furnished for Great Britain. France and Italy in the last ten months almost as many horses and mules as the Hritish government bought in all countries during the almost three years of hostilities in South Africa. When the hundreds of thousands of horses supplied by other -countries are consid ered and it is remembered that the av erage life of a horse in the actual war zone is but ten days, some idea of the necessity of stimulating the breeding interests is apparent. "Some faint idea of the rate at which the horse is being eliminated may be gathered by reference to statistics in connection with the Army of the Po tomac during the Civil War." he con tinued. "The records fdiovv that there were thirty cavalry regiments whose effective strength varied during the six months from May to October between lO.oiiii ind 14.000 men. This body of cavalry required the following re mounts: May. fi.763; June. 6.327: July. 4.71": August. 5.4S9: September. r..vj". and October. 7.3.t6. indicating a loss of two and a half horses to the man, or a ratio of five horses a year. The sec retary of war in commenting on this showing said: " 'If h similar state of affairs existed throughout all our cavalry its 233 regi ments would require 435.000 horses an nually." ".From the New York Times. THE ART OF BAIT CASTING The bait caster! What memories of lilypadded lakes, shimmering in the burnished gold of the setting sun. of a roseate twilight peace, when the Itike is one vast mirror: of the furious bat tles with that bulldog of the sweet waters, the black bass, are his! A difficult art, one that requires more than a modicum of practice to acquire to place that lure precisely in a given sot, forty or fifty feet away, where a bass may lurk not near the spot, but right in it, mind you to land that lure so as to simulate a frog or minnow naturally leaping or jump ing to escape possible attack by a bass: to do till this with a short rod and high-speed reel, casting the lure .as a small boy throws an apple from the end of a stick to do this with ac curacy and deftness is no unworthy ambition. And after the strike comes a battle between a five-pound fish and a 150 pound man, equalized by fair tackle that will put the exhilaration of eter nal youth into any man especially if he proves himself worthy to heat the fish at his own game, to take him with all the handicaps imposed by the nec essary tackle and win out against all the snags, tactics, leaps and plunges, rushes and feints employed by the bat tling bass. Warren 11. Miller, in American Forestry. o Hire a little salesman at The Ke publican office. A Want Ad will see more customers than you can.