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AMZQMA STATE FAIR NOVEMBER IS TO 20
THE AKA270NA RE PUBLIC AM AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 2L, 1915 10 PAGES VOL. XXVI. NO. ISi; GERMAN ARM ON OFFENSIVE ON IK SIDES Are M ig Auainsf Riga and I M insk. Serhia and 'hampanne District. Con tinue Making Progress in Two Former Flares ATTACKS OX FRENCH ARE RKPFLsEI) While Expected Onslaught :n North Would lie For midable. Bulgarian At tack Against Serbians is Proving Most Danvrt -mus A ATm 'RI:S I'ISP.Ui'Hl l.'XiiX, Oct. 21. The German .siniiei. which for nearly fifteen ire-nibs have been fighting coninu-.-iviy ,.n nnf front and then the t'-r. are now on the offensive at t r-- ioinis against lliga and I'xn.v;. in Serbia and in the "ham- strict. At the two former they continue to make pro s The ;:tl.uks .K-livered against French e ist of J;heims. met with the - complete repulse yesterday, as did those on previous days. While it was expected that the Teuton onslaught in the north would most formidable, as a matter of ;t the .'ialir 11 ian attack against the S, ! ns. through the valleys from i',e ast. is pro villi; most dangerous. It is definitely settled that the Hul t.i'ians have cut the Saloniki-Nish r.uluav. north of Vrayna, thus driv ii K wedge between the main Ser bian army, and the Anglo-French f. res. which landed at Saloiiigi. Tho Greek cabinet is considering Eng land's .fVr of the cession of the is !:.f.l of Cyprus and an outline of I.v!b!. financial help, if they join ire side of the allies. Should negoti a?i uis fail it is expected that Greece will t-o asked t" demobilize or to i fine her attitude. Field Marshal V. n Hindenberg in the Itiga attack, las reached o!ai. which is half way ltwe.ii ltiga and .Mitau. a dozen m:l.s southwest of the I'.altic port. The Russians, by a dashing attack, c.:tried the tierman position south- ist of ISarotiovichi. an important mtlwav jun. tion east of Slonim. tak ing m-.re than 3"."0 prisoners. They lave also continued their success to Middle Stvr. the south Pripet m;.rhes. Volhynia and lalicia. The I; :. li.in advance on Tyrol and Tren t.tio is being carried out in conform iiy with tiie plan to relieve the pressure in Serbia. New successes are rforted and the general forward movement is said to be about to .-cin. There is another railway bran- hing at I'skup. which runs up the western sale of Serbia. It is a considerable -.vav around. Another Hulgariaii array wl.it h is: now approaching Kum.inova : threatening the junction at I'skup. "ori ersations arc also proceeding in Rumania, and it is understood that the French foreign office is in charge Meanwhile the belligerents realise that ihe t-sl way to influence the neutral Males is to win a lair victory. .Aus tria. Germany and Bulgaria are try ing this in Serbia. Germany in Cour l .nd. France, ami Italy in 'Tyrol and Trentino. Russia is near Slonim. whan roughly is the center of the astern front of Volhynia and Calicia. Ac. -onling to Petrograd. the Russians : re attempting no offensive, but con t.n .e to thrust at the Teutons, doing a 1 .t of damage. With the exception ..f German steamers. which have o.ii-d the submarines in the Ealtie, the German flag, it is declared here, t .s lern virtually driven from the sea. Kven the fishing fleet of the N -rth Sea has lcen forced to retire the harbors as a result of the activity of the Rritish cruisers, which recently captured a lartre number in riai:a:ion for the sinking of the I!ri tish trawler by the tierman .sub r)i.rines. Althouch official confirmation is -till kokine of the report that Oreat Itrinin ha off-red the island of "yprvis t. ;reee in return for co- juration with Serbia, H is asserted confidently by diplomats in London that the offer was made. WEATHER TODAY ASS'X-IATlCn ntK UISI-ATCHj WASHIXOTOX. I. . Oct. For .Vri7o'na' Fair. Russians Are Sequestering Many German-Owned Acres f A'"soil ATTTii rl'.KSK IMSPATCUl rKTROi;RAL. Oct. 21. Millions of acres of Russian land, formerly colon ized by Hermans and hundreds of ;rman industrial. mercantile and linantial undertakings. valued at hundreds of millions of dollars, have l-een or are being sequestered and placed under the control of Russian e.ffici..ls. It i paid that this is being !oe to make up for losses of the FEDERAL PROBE WILL REVEAL MUCH BELIEVE THE CLIFTON STRIKERS I TWO KILLED FALL IN FROM BIPLANE LYNX. -Mass.. Oct. -1. Chaun cey Redding and Philip Kulrnan were killed by a. fall from a biplane while making an experi mental flight. Redding, who was manager of the Saugus Aviation school, WHH operator of the ma chine, and .Hulman was mechan ician. The wins framework ap peared to collapse and both were luiried two feet in the soft mud. ! D! WAR WAS DUE SAYS DIPLOMAT A NEW THEORY Former Minister to Korea Thinks That Slaughter in Europe is Sent in Place of Clavifvinir Fla-u- Whik admitting that it is a cruel way to look at the war. Or. H. M. Allen, minister to Vrea under the Harrison. ( 'leveland, McKinley ai.d Koosevelt administrations, believes it is nature's roundinjr up of thines." The ci nfiict across the sea has como in pi; ce of the old scouffres that have been eradicated by science, to solve the problem of overpopulation in Kurope, accordins to Dr. Allen, w:io leaves toti;iy for his home in Twlevlrt, after a several days' slay in Phoenix. "As to the ultinisie result of li e war if I could answer that ques tion, what a man I would be," said Or. Allen yesterday in discussing the Kuropean situation and future effect upon this country. He spoke of the negotiations now pending in Tokpi and I'etroRrad for a closer alliance between Kassia anil Japan and of the "dreaded" alliance that has been prop'iesied as coming at the close of the war Russia -Japan-tSermuny. "Then we will "nave to mind our P"s and ii's," said Dr. Alien, who lifts little sympathy with a peaee-at-any-price movement. "I am not an alarm ist, but 1 do advocate preparedness and as the best method for such a course i would Mmjtest the militia. (Continued on Pago Five) PRESIDENT ASSOCIATED TRESS ritSPATCItl WASHIXOTOX. Oct. 21. The president has expressed confidence that the country will approve of the administrations plans of strengthen ing the defenses in addressing the committee from the conference of na tional deftmse, which called at the White House, to present a resolution "urging adequate and quick increases in every department of the national defenses." The. president said that certain ieo ple in tho nation wanted the country adeqiiHtelv pre'pare-d for defense and i FLEMING STRIKES BASIN NEAR Special to The Republican.; GLOBE, Oct. 21. Bearing bottled samples of the finest quality para phine base oil. Col. James H. Fleming of Phoenix, pioneer oil seeker of the Tonto basin arrived in Globe today with the news that a well had been brought in on the hillside, ejpposite the Roosevelt dam. With this news, the colonel alse .brought word of prospects of developing eil in com mercial quantities within ten days. After a short visit, he hurried back tf the oil field, ill order to superin tend arrangements for increasing the Russian subjects in the territory oc cupied by the Germans. The government is taking this ac tion, the Novoe Vremya says, as an answer to a manilesto issued several weeks ago by a group of (K'nunn professors which said, that among other conditions for concluding peace, Russia must cede to Germany the territory occupied by the German troops. There im.s hitherto been no hint regarding the disposition of the seriuestcred property. Strong That at LI Paso Will Accomplish Nothing and Federal Investigation is Fined SAY MANAGERS SPAR FOR TFUF Relieved in Event El Conference Fails. (Tifton Morenci Strikers Will Re fuse to Send Another Committee There By Ernest Douglas (Special Repi esentative ot The Repub lican) CLIFTOX, Ariz.. Oct. 21. Kach day that passes without news of some def inite progress being made by the peace conference in El Paso, deepens the con viction of the strikers that the com panies are merely sparring for time and still hope to starve out their former employes. This teeling:. (ieneral since the first conference committee was turned down, becomes more pronounced daily. The chances that the strikers will send another committee to Kl Paso if this one reports failure are extremely remote. They think that if this com mittee call do nothing with the man agers the might as well stop trying. "Our strongest car,! now is a federal investigation" one of the strike leaders said today. "We hope the investigation will dis close facts which will force the com panies t come to terms. Public sen timent will be aroused once the truth is known. We are convinced we can prove things which will make the Colo rado situation pale into insignificance." Among the things the strikers hope to prove is that many men had to pay foremen and shift bosses for tl.eir jobs: that the managers refused to receive men who vent to them with com plaints; that for many years the men ha e not been satisfied with wages or conditions: that the average wage scale was much lower than the com panies have claimed since the strike began; that the companies interfered with private claim owners and leasers: that the stories told by refugees arc greatly exiggeiated and in many in stances manufactured from whole cloth. The suspicion that the companies plan tti rush in strike breakers from IHincnn has lessened but has not en tirely died down. Heavy picket guards are maintained. A number of miner (Continue! en Puue Three) CONFIDENT that there might be differences of opinion as to how to go about strengthening the army and navy. The conference committee included representatives for the national de fense league, the National Rifle As sociation, the Orand Army of the Re public, the Army and Navy I'nion, the Southern Commercial Congress, the I'nion Veteran Legion. United Spanish War Veterans and the Navy League. The president was told that the callers reflected the views of practically every veteran and patriotic organization in the country. OIL IN ROOSEVELT DAM depth of the borings by fifty feet, in order that the main oil basin under lying the entire Tonto basin may be tapped. Not having expected a gusher. Fleming was not disappointed when the strike proved to be merely a pocket. For several days, the drills had been hampered by the eaving of the hole. Soft water, which is en countered just above all oil deposits. Was the immediate cause of the cav ing. Wednesday night, Fleming says, the drill was pulled, and two barrels of oil drawn from the well. The flow at the present time, he claims, is just about that amount a day. Fifty feet lower down, according to the survevs, is the main basin, en closed in the shale peculiar to such depcisits, and once threuigh this shale, the big supply will be met. Fleming is the pioneer oil man of the district. He is president of the Tonto Has in Oil Company, which has promoted most of the drilling work in the district. Rut one well has been bored, although the rigs of other con cerns are on the ground. Fleming has pursued the work in spite of much incredulity on the part of his acquaintances and friends, and at the present time, has sunk some fl3,a0 of his own money in the well. Interested citizens of Globe will go te the well tomorrow" and see for themselves the source of the first oil supply ever found in Arizona. Conviction is Conference HOPE TO REGAIN TRADE LOST IN MEXICO WAR American Merchants Start Movement and Federal IJureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce Je irins Negotiations TO NAME NEW CONSFLS SOON Representatives ol Ameri can Government Soon to 15c Located in Cities Where Export Trade is Handled Fxtensivelv ASSOC, ATC.li I'liltSS l.ISI'ATCHl WASHIXGToN', Oct. 21. An effort is being made by American merchants t,, regain the trade lost in Mexico dur ing the live years that strife has been under way and the federal bureau tit foreign and domestic commerce is ne gotiating with representatives of the iVrranza government for the opening of the usual channels of commerce. The bureau is making special efforts to hasten the appointment of Mexican consuls in cities where the export trade is handled in order that shipments to Mexican ports may be handled through government authorities. The necessity for an early appoint ment of Mexican consuls was placed before Kiise Arredoiido, the Oarranza Washington representative. Some time ag,, i arranza had consular represent:! -lives in New York, Philadelphia, Gal veston. San Antonio, and other export cities. It. is planned to give these the authority to handle exports to Mexico and name the new Mexican government pending a formal appointment of the consuls. I'oi .evei.il years there has been no off ici.all y recognized Mexican e-onsuls in the I'nited States. In the fiscal year which ended June S". l!la. the last year of a stable gov ernment in Mexico, the I'nited States shipped to Mexico goods to the value of S.".S,l!3.7i"H. In the year which ended June :in, n!r., the total had fallen to $34.1fi4.4t7. 1 luring the same period, imports to the I'nited States from Mexico shoved an increase, the imports in the fiscal ar which ended June :iii, 1 ; 1 r. amounting to $77.KC1.B8I. as compAed with .".v.7'.ir..n4:! for l!Hii. WILL FOREIGN BE PROTECTED I asso'-i ATi:n riurss insi-.vrcfi 'WASHINGTON. Oct. 21. European governments are making Inquiries of the I'nited States as to what assur ances have been given by the newly recognized Mexican government in re spect to foreign claims. It is generally undi rstood that the powers of Europe, will follow the lead of the American re publics in recognizing Carranza. but it became known that before taking the step they want to know more specifi cally as to what settlement will be made of the huge claims growing- out of the revolutionary conditions of the last few years. Carranza has decided to appoint several committees v to be composed of representatives interested in the nation's order that an equitable settlement may le reached. "The question of claims is related so (Continued on Page Four) JAP IS FOUND DEAD WITH THE ASSOCIATED PBKSS DISPATCH UP.! iU XSVILLE. Oct. 21 The. body of a Japanese was found among the Mexicans killed in the fight between I'nited States soldiers and Mexican bandits at ojo Del Agua. Apparently he wa.i shot while fighting but there was nothing to indicate whether he be 'onged to the raiders. The lio Grande was used twice by two separate bands of Mexicans to stop pursuit by the American soldiers, most of the bandits crossing into Mexico in both instances. The first crossing was a retreat from the ijo Del Agua fight, sixty miles up (Continued on Page Three) INTERESTS NOW BAND T GANG MEN FELL AT RATE OF ONE HUNDRED A SECOND (Associated Press Dispatch) BERLIN. Oct. L,l.--Tatre.s Zeitunn says that (luring one period of the great battle at Loos last month the Jiritish fell at the rate of one hundred men per second. "The Uritish attacked in dense rows of eight sect ions." says (he Overseas Atrency. in a resume of Taues Zeitung's dis patch. ''The attack presented a spectacle like a Napoleonic battle. The British artillery came up as far as possible without being in range of the German rifles. It was equipped with bridges designed to enable the artillery forces to (-loss the German trenches. The British ad vanced with admriable bravery. Suddenly they were cheeked by the German fire, and one hundred men fell each second. The .British did not even reach the Ger man trenches, and the artillery was destroyed by German mortars. Thev lost nenrlv 10,0K) dead and wounded and 800 captured." TAFT MAY TELL OF CONFERENCE r.vssociATr:r) pp.e.--s mspatch NKW YORK. Oct. 21. It is possible the government will call ex-President Taft to testify at the trial of the eleven New Haven directors under the Sherman act. He is expected to tell of a conference between him and Lewis Cass Ledvard, one of the de fendants, over the New Haven acqui sition of Huston .V- Main stock, in the matter of limitation of the New Haven inquiry begun in the latter part of T.ift's administration. The government alleges that l.id yard used his influence with the ad ministration to coiuine the inquiry of the relations of the New Haven w itii the Grand Trunk, of Canada. Charles Mellon, former president of the New Haven, was characterized as a "hos tile witness" by a federal attorney during the continuation of the testi mony. Nevertheless he succeeded in introducing what was deemed to be some of the most important evidence against the defendants contained in the government case. Mellen con ceded that the early competition be tween the New Haven and the New York y- New Kngland. which it sub sequently absorbed, was cut the throat variety. He testified it was the state of rivalry between the Hoston Ai Main and the New Haven which led to an agreement in which the two agreed to avoid each others territory. Mellen told how the New Haven secured control of two of New York (Continued on Page Three) EARL DERB Y I ASSOCIATKIl IT.KSS Msr.VTCHl LONDON. Oct. 21. The enlistment of recruits by the plan of Earl Der by cannot begin until next week, as a royal warrant is necessary before the men could be passed to the re serve and classified in their proper groups. Meanwhile Earl Derby, with the consent of Premier Asquith and 7rd .Kitchener, has sent a letter to every man eligible for military ser WITH LEDYARD Ml S N SHOULD HAVE TRADE FLEET lASSO-IATKO PRESS DISPATCH! SAN KHANCISCO, Oct. 21. In a plea for the creation by the govern ment of a valuable auxiliary mer chant marine, William McAdoo, sec retary of the treasury, in addressing the members of the San Francisco Commercial club at a luncheon, said that if private capital cannot afford to provide adequate Kteumship ser vice between tho Pacific coast and points in the orient, the government should provide the facilities for the protection of I'nited States trade and prosperity. Mr. McAdoo was speaking with VU.LA FORCES AT NACO I asso.;iat::d rm:ss uispatijhJ NACO, Oct. 21. Yaquis in the ser vice of Villa occupied Naco, following the evacuation by the Carranza garri son, which burned the bridges to the south, crippling the railroad to Cana nca. General Irbalojo commanded the Yaquis. The population crossed to the American side following the Carranza evacuation. As the Villa forces entered the I'nited States customs officials put into effect the arms embargo. HOLDING IMPORTATIONS I ASSociATiin pnnss dispatch EL PASO, Oct. 2t. Importations from Mexico through the El Paso cus toms district will be held at least forty eight hours in order to determine if thev were confiscated bv Villa. WIRELESS TALK FROM ACROSS THE SEA r ASSOCIATED CKESS rISPATr?Hl NEW YORK, Oct. 21. Arling ton, Va., talked by wireless tele phone with Paris today. Honolulu also heard the operator talking from Arlington. (Special 'o The Republican i l'K.VVKK. ,lo.. Oct. -1.- The fol lowing statement from the office of the chief engineer of the American Telephone Telegraph company in New 'York was received here: Trans-Atlantic wireless teleohony is an accomplished fact. ibservrs iislening at the Kiffel Tower, in Paris, have heard speech sent out by en gineers of the American Telephone ;Vr Telegraph crmpany from 'apparatus develoiied hv that company, and the Western K'ectiic companv. and in stalled at Arlington, Va. The equip ment used was that employed a fewr weeks ago iii talking by wireless tele- phonv lo San Kraneiseo and Hono lulu: the antenna employed at Ar lington was that of the I'nited .States navy depn rtment. whiih war 'olaced at the disposal of The American Tele phone A.- Telegraph company's en gineers tiirou'jrh the courtesy of the department. Ar the time of the an nouncement o,- successful wireless telephony from Arlington to Mare Island. I'anama. San Diego and Hono lulu on September 2'.', Chief Engineer (Continued on page Five) MAKES PLEA vice, who is not engaged in munition work, saying: ".May I. as director general of re cruiting, beg of you to consider your own position? I ask whether in a country fighting as ours, . you are doing all you possibly can for its safety, and whether the reason you have hitherto held as valid for not enlisting holds good in the present crisis." reference to the seamen's bill and the contention of the Pacific. Mail Steamship Company, that the pass age of the act had forced them to discontinue business on the Pacific. McAdoo said that steamship ser vice from the Pacific coast to the orient was vital to the interests of the I'nited States. "Suppose they cannot be maintained except at loss,'" suggested the cabinet member, "must we do without these facilities? I say "No.' "I'nder those circumstances the service should be provided under our flag. If private capital cannot afford to provide it because it involves a loss, the government should provide the service." Colgan Succeeds Fairall In The 7 rial Of Schmidt associated rnK-as DisrATCUl SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 21. Nathan Coghlan of San Francisco has been named counsel for Matthew Schmidt, who is on trial at Los Angeles for murder in connection with the dyna miting of the Times building. Coghlan will take the place of Charles Fairall, who died last Friday. Edwin ilc- SAYS GERMANS BROKE FAITH IN TREGAVELLGASE British Government Issues Full Report of Condemna tion and Execution of the Knglish Woman "Who Jlelped Soldiers Escape BRAND WIIITLOCK MAKES APPEAL How Hugh Gibson Sony lit German Governor Late at. Night IJefore Execution and Pleaded for Woman's Life Graphically Related lASSOCIATKO PI1KPR liISPATCH LONDON. Oct. 21 Tiie P.ritislt government has issued a full repoi" of condemnation of the execution "t Miss Edith Gavel!. English, head of I lie training- school at Hrussels. for helping English. French and ISelgian soldiers escape from Belgium, mado by Uiand Whitlock, American minis ter at Hrursels. to Ambassador Page. How Hugh Gibson, secretary ot tlj ligation, with the Spanish minister, sought the German governor late the night before the execution and pleaded for the woman's lit"1. is graphically related. In Gibson's memorandum, ti e docu ment make.-i reference to the appar ent lack of good faith on the pari of the German authorities to keep their promise to inform Whitlock fully of the trial and sentence. hitlock's final appeal was in the form ot a note sent by messenger io the German governor the nisbt of Oct. 11, reading: "1 am too sick to present this re. quest myself. I appeal to your get -erosity to save from death this un happy woman. Have pity on her.' Whitlock stated tlat the woman als.i nursed German soldiers. Trior to the execution on Oct. l-J, the' woman was visited by an Eng lish clergyman. She told r.ira sin knew that according to law she was guilty and was happy to die for her country. r Gibson's report said that Conrad, the official German in the civil branch, gave positive assurance that the American legation would be fully informed as to developments in th case. It continues: "Despite these assurances, we made repeated inquiries during the course of the day and at the last one, Con rad stated that tho sentence had nor been pronounced, and specifically re newed assurances they would not fail to inform us as soon as there was any news. Later we learned from outside sources that sentence had been passed in the course of the af ternoon before the last, conversation with Conrad, and that the execution would take place during the night." Gibson sought the Spanish minister with Whitlock's .note asking fo: clemency, and Mr. Delavan went to the German governor's quaters. Find ing him and his staff absent, he tele phoned. He asked them to return oit. a matter of the ntmost vgencv . They returned at ten and expressed disbelief that sentence had actually been passed. Gibson's report continues: ' The circumstances of the case vveie explained to him and your note pre sented. He read it aloud in our pres ence and expressed a disbelief of the. report that sentence had been actualh" passed. He manifested surprise that we should give credence to any report, not emanating from official sources. He was quite insistent on knowing the exact source of our information, but this I did not feel at liberty to com municate to him. "He stated it was quite improbable that sentence had been pronounced an. I even if so it would not be executed in sc. short a time and any event it would be quite impossible to take any action before morning. "It was pointed out to him that even if the facts were as we believed them to be. action would lie useless unless taken at once. We urged him to as certain the facts immediately. ThK after some hesitancy, he agreed to'do. He telephoned the presiding judge of the court martial and returned to say that, the facts were as we had pic sented them and that it was intended (Continued on l'age Three Kenzie of San Francisco has also been added to Schmidt's counsel. The selection of attorneys was made by Olaf Tveitmoe, secretary and treasurer of the State Hiiilding Trades council. 'Tveitmoe will return to Los Angeles tonight to continue his attendance at the trial which convened on Monday. Coghlan and McKenzio will follow Saturday.