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THE ARIZONA. REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR 12 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL, 18, 1916 12 PAGES VOL. XXVI., NO. 331 ftT LEAST SEVEN MAYBE THIRTY WRECK Gilt Edge Express of New Haven Railroad Crashes Into Local Train Standing at Bradford Station, W reeking Both PASSENGER COACHES ARE IN FLAMES All Deaths Occurred in One Car in Which AVere 37 Passengers and of Whom Onlv Six Are Accounted For Republican A. P. Leased Wire BRADFORD, R. I., April 18. Driving through a thick fog, the Gilt Edge Express, west bound, on the New York, New Haven 4 Hartford railroad, smashed into the rear of a local passenger train that had come to a stop at the station here last night. The rear coach was telescoped and set on fire and at least - seven of the passengers were killed. An eighth victim died later from injuries. Thirty-five other received injuries and in some cases it was feared that death would follow. Early today a search of the ruins was being made and it was be lieved that other bodies would be found. The engineer of the local train said that he had trouble in making steam, and when he arrived at Bradford he wired to New London for instructions. He was told to draw on to a siding at Bradford to let the express pass and was just moving his train from the 'main track whe nthe express bore down upon him. The accident occurred at 7:30 o'clock, and four hours later wrecking and hospital crews were said to have recovered thirty bodies. 1 q The dead were in the rear car of a four-coach local train, bound from Boston to New London, and which had stopped at the local sta tion when it was run down by the Gilt Edge Express, bound from Bos ton for Nsw"York. This coach was telescoped, set afire and burned. The ear ahead also took fire and the flames com municating to the passenger sta tion and frtight house, destroyed both buildings.. It was stated that there were known to have been 37 passengers in the destroyed car and that only six of these had been accounted for several hours later. Among those believed to have been burned to death were Miss Jane T. Clark, daughter of William Clark, presi dent of the Westerly Mill of the Amer ican Thread company, and W. M. Bar ber, also of Westerly. Vice President Whaley, of the New Haven railroad, declared shortly be fore midnight that reports to the effect that thirty or more persons had been I hi rued to death in the wreck at Brad ford were without foundation. ' "We are absolutely positive," he added, "that not more than three per ilous were killed, If that many Great Confusion followed the col-I iHiun anu u was long nerore a detinue Idea of the extent of the disaster could !e had. As the flames of the burning cars and buildings died out, the train yard was left in darkness and those who went to the aid of the injured worked under great difficulties. The only telegraph lines In the town went out of commission with the burn ing of the station, and the only com munication with the outside was by a' ingle telephone wire. Over this help was summoned from Providence and New London, the former sending a wrecking train and physicians and the latter city dispatching a hospital train. Estimates of the dead varied widely and In the absence of a positive offi cial statement the number could not be determined at midnight. At that hour the ruins of the burned cars were till so hot that they could not be thoroughly searched. Four bodies were early removed and a count of those who received medical treatment showed that 35 who escaped death were injured. It was thought several of these would die. A brakeman of the local train said thut there were 37 passengers in the rear car and that he had been able to locate only seven of these. This gave (Continued on Page Two) Disposal Of Sisal Supply Up To Trade Commission Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. April 17. Disposal of the present available sisal supply In Yucatan. Mexico, passed into the hands of the federal trade commis sion today by direction of the U. 8. .enate and at the request of the marketing organization of Mexican planters, the Commission Reguladore. The fibre will be distributed by the trade commission to American manu facturers of binder twine at prices and under conditions laid down by the commission. The 125,000 bales said to be on hand unsold will insure a sufficient supply of twine for the forthcoming American harvest. The commission's offer to place its Block in the hands of the United LAST WORD OF U. S. ON S UBMARINES WILL GO TO GERMANY TOD A Y - CARRANZA DECREES SHALL BE NO GRAFT MEXICO CITY, April 17 Gen eral A. Carranza tonight issued a decree for the purpose of pro- hibiting graft, which for a long time has prevailed in the govern ment railways, employes having charged shippers huge sums fre quently for . supplying cars for freight and express. The decree informs all government railways that heavy fines and imprison- ment will be imposed on those of- fending. The new law will be- come effective May 1. Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, April 17. The day :n congress: The Senate Met at noon. Judiciary committee failed to reach any conclusion on nomination of Louis D. Brandeis to the supreme court. Stnator Newlar.ds submitted the ad ministration plan for continuing ap propriations as amendment to river: and harbors bill. Debate resumed on the army bill. Agricultural committee decided to ask the federal trade commission to superride distribution of sisal held in Yucatan. The House: Met at noon. Disposed of unanimous consent cal endar business. - -.. Passed a senate bill fucreasing the number of cadets at West Point aca demy after striking . out a provision which would have increased the pre sident's appointive power. Two unsuccessful efforts made by Chairman Padgett, of Naval commit tee to secure action on the bill to em power naval and marine officers to rerve under the Haiteien government to train the Haitien conatabnlary un til its officers have been developed. Pii(,sed Beveral bridge bills. Efforts to amend the army reor gaiiization bill was defeated in rapid heccession in the senate today on the eve of the measure's passage. Senator Reed's amendment to create from six to twelve training schools lot West Point and Annapolis in vari ous parts of the country was defeated 'i7 to 31. Under an agreement reach ed last week voting on the bill and all pending amendments will begin at five, o'clock tomorrow afternoon. Other amendments rejected includ ed one by Senator Lee of Maryland to increase the number of national guard enlisted men from 22 to 350 for each representative and Senator Works proposal for an '.ndustrial mili tary force of 250,000 men to serve a month each y ar in the army in times of peace, and 11 months In forestry and reclamation services in the pa cific coast and adjacent states. Senator Borah's nttnclc on the na- tional guard last Saturday in which he declared that federal appropriations were "Shamefully wasted and some times embezzled" brought forth vig- (Continued on Page Two) Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. April 17. Creation of a separate army corps for aviation distinct, from the signal corps, was forecast by Secretary Baker today In announcing a general shaking up of the flying branch of the army by the president and the war depart ment as a result of the recent inves tigation of the aviation service. If this plan is followed it will pave the way to the addition of battle aircraft to the scouting and message bearing aeroplanes now used. . States government came after the commission had been charged by the International Harvester company with withdrawing sisal from the market in order to force higher prices, and its representatives had made the counter charge that the harvester company sought to corner sisal in order to create a shortage and dis credit the Yucatan combine and its American financial backers. While the trade commission is dis posing of the sisal, the senate sub committee investigating the opera tions of the planters' organization will continue. It was said today hat the trade commission might begin a separate inquiry into the allegation concerning the Harvester company. NO CONCLUSION ON NOMINATION oe mm SECRETARY BAKER FORECASTS SEPARATE CORPS FOR AVIATION Communication Which Will Present Final Word on Submarine Issue is Com pleted and Will be Dis patched Today Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, April 17 The com munication which is to be the last word of the United States to Ger many on the submarine issue, was completed by President Wilson today. It probably will be dispatched to Ber lin tomorrow. The document reviews Germany's submarine activities since the Lusi tania was sunk almost a year ago, and makes clear that only an im mediate change in the German policy can make possible the continuance of friendly relations between the two na lions. As the president was putting the rinisning touches to the note, on which he and Secretary Lansing had been working for nearly a week, of ficial word was received by the state department that he lives of two Amer icans had been endangered, by an at: tack on the Russian bark Imperator, hy an Austrian submarine. Carl Bai ley Hurst, American corsul general at Barcelona, Spain, who sent the report said the attack was without warning. One of the American citizens on board was wounded by shrapnel shells fired by the submarine. A full in vestigation of the incident was ord ered nt once by the state department. If the consul general's report is borne out, it is probable that representa tions similar to those about to be made to Germany will be sent to Austria. As soon as the president had fin ished the communication to Germany he directed that Senator Stone, chair man of the senate foreign relations committee, be invited to the White House, in order that he might be informed of the intentions of the ad ministration. Senator Stone probably will see the president tomorrow morn ing before the cabinet meeting. Mr. Wilson himself was the only official familiar with all the details of the document tonight, but it was learned authoritatively that it is the most emphatic and vigorous diplo matic paper the president ever has approved. Attacks without warning by. sub marines on merchant vessels "since Germany gave notice. Unit ships car rying guns would be considered br vessels of w.w have been closely studied by the president with the re sulting conclusion that promises made by Germany have not been followed. When the preparation of the case of the United States was begun it wa? found that sixty-five vessels have i"en reported officially and unof ficially ' as having been attacked without warning by German subma rines within the past few weeks. Of ficial reports have not confirmed nil these incidents, however, and there fore all will not be included. The attacks on the channel steamer Sussex, carrying more than a score of Americans has been included in the evidence on the United States as one of the strongest proofs of Ger many's failure to adhere to her prom ises. Official reports from Berlin that Germanv was willing to mpet the United States "more than half way" have encouraged official here to hoie that the German government moy make concession at the last moment which may pi event a break. The president, however, was reported to (Continued on Page Two) Recommendations -of the court martial which tried Lieutenant Col onel Lewis E. Goodier judge-advocate of the western department were ap proved, . as were those of a special board of officers appointed to inquire into the whole question of discipline and conduct of the aviation section of the signal corps. These steps were taken: Colonel ' Goodier was censured by President Wilson as commander-in- chief of the army, for having failed "to observe the attitude which his officers and seniority of rank re quired him to observe among junior officers." Secretary Baker censured Brig General George P. Scriven, chief sig nal officer of the army, "for his fail ure personally to supervise the dis clplinary features of aviation corps administration." Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Reber, chief of the aviation section, signal corps, was relieved from that duty and censured by Secretary .Baker "for disrespect to a co-ordinate branch of the government, failure to observe the restraints imposed by law with regard to the personnel and pay of members of the aviation section" and for other reasons: and, the appoint ment of a committee of the general staff' to study the reorganization of the aviation section was directed by Secretary Baker. Colonel Goodier's case was only in cidental to the general shake-up of the nviation section, although hear ings in that trial, held at San Fran cisco several months ago, served to call attention to the conditions- that resulted In the orders issued. FRENCH REPULSE GERMANS IN NEW limy h Teutons Launch Powerful Attack Against French Positions and Are Again Swept Back . Except In Chauttour YV ood Republican A. P. Leased Wire Again the Germans have launched a powerful infantry attack against the French positions extending from the river Meuse, to Douaumont, and again they have been swept back, except where they obtained a footing in a small portion of the Chauffeur wood, by the guns of the French. Heavy casualties were inflicted on the at tacking forces along the two and a half miles battle front. Tho Germans have kept up their heavy shelling of hill 304, northwest of VerdJn, and the second lines of the French in this region, probably with the intention of again throwing their infantry forward in an endeavor to capture these important points, keys to the Verdun position on tho west. Elsewhere along the lines held by the French there have been only bombardments and mining operations. Numerous German positions have leen bombed by French aircraft. On the British front in Belgium and France the heavy bombardments by Ihe British and Germans continue un abated. The artillery activity in the sector between St. Eloi and the Ypres- Commines, has been especially marked. The Germans have poured shells on the Russian positions r.long the Dvlna river at the Ikskull bridgehead and about Dvinsk. and vigorous artillery duels have been in progress in the lake region south of Dvinsk. In Galicia, along the river Stripa, thf Teutons have made several at tempts against Russian trenches, but all of them were repulsed according to Pctrograd. The big guns on both sides are in rction at most of the Austro-Itallati fronts. In the Sugnnn valley the Aus trian delivered attacks against the Italians from the Larganza torrent to Mont Collo, but they were everywhere repulsed. In Asiatic Turkey the Russians ort the Black Sea coast have captured the town of Burmeneh and pushed farther westward aarainst the retreating Turks of Arsene Kelessi, less than 12 miles' from the important fortified town of Trebizond. The Russians are anticipating no easy conquest of Trebinzond, accord ing to unofficial advices from Petro grad, the town having teen heavily fortified and reinforced with three complete divisions of troops. The Turks are declared to be resisting fe rociously the onward press of the Rus sians ntainst Basitut, northwest of Erzerum in the attainment of which the Russians hope to Join hands with their men fighting in the Black sea littoral. The British government hereafter will regulate shipments of American packing houses to all neutral European countries for the period of the war, according to an agreement reached between the government and the pack ers in the settlement of. the cases arising from the seizure by tireat Bri tain of cargoes of packers products. Riotous demonstrations occurred In Athens when an attempt was made to break up a meeting of adherents of former Premier Venizelos, supporter of the Entente cause. One report cays several shots were fired and that a nuinbr-r of the former premier's followers were arrested. The Norwegian ship Glendoon of 1.318 tons, and the British steamer Harrovian of 4,339 tons have been sunk, the former by gunfire. Norwegian Steamer Sunk LONDON, April 17 The Norwegian steamer Repelera. has been sunk. Her crew was rescued. The French have captured the submarine which torpedoed the Sus- ex, and have made prisoner the cap tain end crew." says the Daily Mail. In the British air attack on Con stantinople Friday evening two bombs dropped by the raiders burst in the war ministry according to a report from Sa'oniltl forwarded by the Athens correspondent of the Exchange Tele graph company. The diapatch adds that another bomb burst in the powder factory of Makrekui, which blew up. There were rumerous casualties. The Morning Post's budapest cor respondent sends the following state ment by Count Julius Andrassy, the former Hungarian premier, published In Budapest, commenting on the re cent speech by the German chancellor, Dr. von Bethmann-Hollweg. "The speech is actually the forerun ner of peace. In which the chancellor defines Germany's attitude quite dis tinctly explaining what he wants from Russia, what he does not want from France and what he intends to do with Belgium and also his views on financ ing the colonies. "The speech is a basis whereupon peace negotiations may be begun- conditions which leave, the door open to counter demands. Every one of his remarks; is a possible foundation on which peace can be built. The chancellor does not ask ' the annexa tion of 3elgium but only that Belgium shall not become a bulwark of Anglo- French forces whence they could down on Germany. "The demand for indemnity for (Continued on Page Two) WASHINGTON REPORTS OF CONFIRMATION DISCREDIT REPORT Republican A. P. Leased Wire MEXICO CITY, April 17. During the day no messages have reached Mexico City tending to cpnfirm the report of the finding of the body of Villa, and the general disposition in official circles is to discredit the re port. . Messages from various sections in the north, received by the war de U. S. TROOPS AS FAR INTO Mil S S Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN ANTONIO, Texas, April 17. General Funston today expressed the conviction that communication with the American forces in Mexico could not be extended beyond Satevo, with the present number of troops avail able. He also said that operations further south were impossible unless authority was obtained for the es tablishment of a new border base, the free use of railroads or the material strengthening of the forces now in Mexico. He said that in strengthen ing the line to Satevo, the maximum of its elasticity had been attained. Detached columns of cavalry are operating south of Satevo but only so far as rations for man and horse can be carried. The three detach ments that met at Santa Cruz eight miles from Parral, now have left there and probably fallen back on .the line at Satevo., General Funston ex plained that the country in that dis trict was absolutely devoid of food for either the men or the animals and that unless they had returned to Parral, their return to Satevo must have been necessary. He as sumed they had not returned to Parral. The latest reports received by Gen eral Funston- in which mention was made of Villa gave as his location the mountains north and west of Parral. Officers here are convinced that he did not succeed in getting as far south as the Chihuahua-Durango state line. Not many details of the Parral in cident were added today to the in formation already received. General Pershing reported the names of the Tompkins Receives Threat Republican A. P. Leased Wire GENERAL PERSHING'S HEAD QUARTERS, (By wireless to Colum bus, N. M., April 17) Army officers here stuted today that Major Tomp kins received a written threat from General Lozano, commander of the amtnza garrison at Parral, that the American troops would be attacked Republican A. P. Leased Wire CAMP OF GEN. J. J. PERSHING AT THE FRONT, April 12 (By wire less to Columbus N. II., April 17.) An auto train carrying the personal guard of General J. J. Pershing, and food and clothing for his staff was attacked last night in the mountains near here by a (band of four hundred men believed to have been under the command of the Villa General Taran go. After a fcharp fight in which one of the attacking force was killed, the Mexicans were driven off. There were no American casualties. The attack was made while the train was traveling through a brush covered mesa lighted by a half moon, several miles to the rear of General Pershing and his escort who were penet rating Villa territory on their way south to establish new head quarters. The engagement occurred within a few miles of a constitution alist camp. The Mexicans made a series of at tacks on the train, extending over a period of about twenty minutes. The first attacks made upon the forward truck were slight and ineffective. But after being driven off the Mexicans returned, apparently believing that they could succeed in cutting off the rear truck. The truck men saw the band creeping up on them between the boulders at the side of the roafl, bjiit held their fire. When the bandits rose to their feet to rush the ma chines the Americans poured five withering rounds into their re t putting the Mexicans to flight. Num PERSONAL GUARD OF PERSIC IS ATTACKED BI VILLA BANDITS OF VILLA AT SAN BORJA partment continue to report defeats of raiding bands and their dispersal. In the war office it was said today that the only sections of the coun try now troubled with organized armed resistance, are the states of Chihuahua and Morelos. In the lat ter constitutionalist troops are marching from four different direc tions in order to surround the bulk of Zapata's forces. NTS ARE SENT dead and wounded, which include that of Lieutenant James Ord. of the Sixth infantry. The others wore of the Thirteenth cavalry. With the exception of one of the wounded, the injuries were described as slight. General Pershing said that the of ficer who invited the American force to enter Parral was a captain of the garrison there. He appeared at the American camp on the afternoon of Tuesday and courteously invited the Lroopers to ride into the place and spend the night with the Americans. He left the camp after breakfast for Parral. Major Tompkins had ac cepted the invitation in good faith but as a further precaution, he sent forward a courier to apprise the gar rison of his coming. What became of the courier has not been learned. LONG TIME NO FALL Republican A. P. Ltased Wire OGDEN, Utah, April 17. Atter an hour and nineteen minutes without a fall. Jack Harbertson, local middle weight wrestler, threw Sam Clappam, English champion across the room, renoering him unconscious for a rhort period. Clappam's physicians refused to allow hm to continue. o ALBERT F. BREWER DEAD Republican A. P. Leased Wire OAKLAND, Cal., April 17. Albert F. Brewer, superintendent of the Utah Montana division of the Oregon Short Line, with headquarters at Pocatello, Idaho, died suddenly here tonight He was 54 years old. Brewer was widely known in western railroad circles. For some years he was superintendent of transportation for the Denver & Rio Grande railroad at Denver. if they advanced to the city. Accord ing to the same officers the fight at Parral was the result of treachery. Major Tompkins's men being ambush ed by soldiers of the Parral garrison. The attack on the American troop ers is deeply resented by the officers who assert that the hostility of. the Carranza garrison has blocked the best trill to Villa's hiding place. bers of the Mexican bullets pierced the bodies of the trucks and one- of them went through the cap of a chauffeur, a resident of Philadelphia. The Americans reported they believed that they wounded some of the Mex icans as they fled into the brush. General Pershing himself made a speedy but uneventful trip to the new headquarters, encountering numerous constitutionalist detachments under General Garza, all of whom gave the Americans friendly greetings and offered their cooperations. The aeroplane detachment was the first of the Americans at the new front, reaching there yesterday after remarkable adventures through which they passed safely. Pershing's Columns Are Now In Villa's Own Stronghold Republican A. P. Leased Wire CAMP OF GENERAL J. J. PERSH- ING AT THE FRONT, April 13. (By wireless to Columbus, N. M., April 17, Delayed). Headed by General Persh ing. American cavalry columns have completely penetrated Chihuahua tc the southern extremity of the territory where Villa's strength was greatest. In the region through which they have passed in the last few days; many of the natives still regard Pancho Villa as an idol. LACK OF DEATH Both at State and War De partments No Word Is Received Indicating Ban dit Villa Has Suc cumbed TAKES TWO DAYS TO MAKE TRIP Spot Where Villa Was Re-, ported Buried Is Two Days Journey by Wagon From Railroad. This May Account for Delay Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, April 17. Confirm ation of the death of Francisco Villa still was lacking tonight both at the state and war departments and at the Mexican embasy. The only dispatch from American sources in Mexico tend ing to lend color to the report was a brieP'statement from Major Howze, of the Eleventh cavalry, now near Parral, that he had information which led him to believe that the bandit and a small party of his followers had fled some days ago toward San Borja, which is close to the place where unofficial Mexican reports say the body was found. The outstanding feature of the day's messages irom me uo.u - t u-ut Hpnartmpnt thut six Mexi- cans who confessed to having taken part in the raid on Columbus, N. had been captured and sent to Colum bus for trial by the New Mexico state authorities. Another official report re lieved anxiety as to the supply problem, for the troops at the front. It said the forces now were fully supplied, with the exception of a Email shipment of horse shoes and clothing, which would -go forward tomorrow. An ample sup ply of gasoline was on hand, the mes sage said, for the motor trucks and aeroplanes. The body supposed to be that of ilia was said by the last Mexican report to be enroute to Chihuahua City. It was pointed out at the department, how ever, that the point where it was found was nearly two days' journey by wagon from the railroad. That may account for delay in obtaining confirmation or denial of the reports that the bandit's career has ended. If General Funston and General Pershing have taken any steps to make certain the identification of the body they have done so on their own ini tiative. No instructions to that end have been sent from Washington, either to consuls or military com manders. This fact may be significant of the altitude of the state department. It was intimated today that the United States government might be willing to accept a formal declaration from Gen eral Carranza that Villa had been killed and order a recall of the troops. Senator Stone, chairman of the sen ate foreign relations committee, after a brief conference today with Secre tary Baker, expressed the view that the Carranza authorities hardly could have any object in circulating a report of Villa's death unless they believed it to be true. He agreed with Secretary Baker and other officials, however, in accepting the reports of the finding of Villa's body with utmost caution. Mr. Baker took no pains to hide his doubts, al though he expressed a fervent hope that it should prove true. It is generally admitted that every day that the troops remain in Mexico increases the possibility of serious clashes. While there has been no evi dence of any opposition to the move ments of the American forces by mili tary or civil officials of the de facto government the Parral incident has served as a warning that the civil pop ulation cannot always be controlled by those in command. The attack on Ma jor Tompkins' command at Parral came after cordial relations had been estab lished with the Carranza military com mander there. The Mexican officers' best efforts were unavailing to curb the disturbers, many of whom were said to be his own soldiers. It is known that the Washington government would gladly withdraw the troops tomorrow if it could consider the object of the ex pedition accomplished. In some quarters the suggestion was made that reports of Villa's death might have been circulated for the ef fect on the Mexican people, and they (Continued on Page Three) Sweeping in fan -shaped formation over the district these columns are conducting a widespread, systematic and patient search , for the . bandit chieftain. No " isolated canyon or mountain height which might afford a hiding place is neglected by the already fagged cavalrymen. - The troops occasionally encounter ed several small bands .of Villastas who were in the vicinity but these al- I ways have made for cover before the) I Americaa cavalmmen caught them.