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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICS. TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY, 16, 1917 THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN THOENIX, ARIZONA Published Every Morning by the ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY All communications to be addressed to the Company: office, corner of Second and Adams Streets. Entered at the Postoffice at Phoenix, Arizona, as Mail Matter of the Second Class. President and General Manager Dwight B. Heard Business Manager Charles A. Stauffer Kditor J. W. Spear City Editor Lyie Abbott SUBSCRIPTION RATES IN ADVANCE Daily and Sunday, one year $8.00 Daily and Sunday, six months 4 00 Daily and Sunday, three months 2.00 Daily and Sunday, one month 75 MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Receiving t ull Night Report, by Leased Wire. TELEPHONES Business, Advertising or Circulation 22 Editorial or News 433 Job Printing 498 General Advertising Representative, Robert E. Ward. New York Office. Brunswick Building; Chicago. Advertising Building. TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 16, 1917 And often, glad no more, We wear a face of joy because We have heen glad of yore. . William Wordsworth. The Zone Postage Rates There aab two sides to the bill now pending in congress to establish zone rates of postage on news papers and periodicals. There will be local, first, second and third zones, under 300 miles for which the rate will be as at present, one cent a pound. In the fourth zone, 300 to 600 miles, the rate will be two cents a pound; in the fifth zone. 600 to 1.000 miles, three cents a pound; sixth zone, 1,000 to 1,400 miles, four cents a pound; seventh zone, 1,400 to 1,800 miles, six cents a pound; eighth zone, over 1.800 miles, seven cents a pound. The "free-in-country" rate is to be maintained. The bill is aimed at the magazines and large weeklies, such as the Saturday Evening Post, Collier's and others which now pay the one-cent rate. Newspapers would not be seriously affected, for the bulk of the circulation of even the largest papers lies within 300 miles of the place of publication. The advocates of the bill have done some figur ing and find that it costs about seven times as much to give the great magazines and weeklies service as it receives in postage. That, of course, does not seem fair, that any citizen should enjoy greater benefits from the public service at a cost less than that of any other citizen. It seems fair, on the other hand, that tin- government should charge more for the transpor i .ion of mail a long distance than a shorter one. But there is another view of the matter. In the cud the periodicals whose rates would be increased w ould not pay them. Their subscribers would do so. People, many hundreds of thousands of them, living beyond the first, second and third zones, want one or more of these periodicals, which are sold t marvel -ously low prices. These readers would probably pay twice as much as they now pay rather than to be de prived of them, and the publishers without doubt would add to the selling price the amount of the in creased postage. The business of the government is different from that of a private concern whose rates for service are based on what that service costs. The govern ment seeks to extend to its citizens service at the same price. The only exception, we believe, has been in the matter of the parcels post, of which only a comparatively few avail themselves. It is said that the saving the government will effec t by these increased rates will enable it to make a lower rate on first-class matter and will especially enable it to afford delivery to local or drop letters which now pay one cent We do not think that that will be of public advantage. The one-cent letter is rather a nuisance to the man upon whom it is in flicted. He wishes there were more difficulties in the way of it. Most of the letters sent through the malls have been written to no purpose and many of them not only consume the time of the writer, which may not be worth anything to him, but they are also consuming of the time of those to whom they are addressed, and must go through the formality of opening them, even if they are not moved by courtesy to acknowledge the receipt of them. The Speeding Motorcyclist A motorcyclist who waa involved in a serious col lision on Sunday, according to a story of it printed In The Republican yesterday morning, took to him self a part of the blame for the disaster. He was looking behind him, he said, Just before the Impact. Inasmuch an bystanders have estimated his speed at from forty to fifty miles an hour his rearward re search apears to have been a work of supereroga tion, unnecessary, entirely superfluous, an uncalled for exercise of caution. He was not loitering. He was In the way of nobody behind him. He was In no danger of being rundown by horse-drawn vehicles or even those swifter ones which run under their own power. He was not obstructing in the slightest de gree the traffic which pours down Central avenue on Sunday afternoon's. As well might the Jackrabbit In full flight fear the pursuing mudturtle. If the motor cyclist was distrustful of his ability to keep out of the way of the other users of tre thoroughfare ho should lave stayed off the street. But i he theory persists that tne motorcyclist was not frald of the e-coming tral.Mc In genera', but was iooi;ng to see whether there was a moto.- cop among It, in which case no doubt he would havs fur ther fxpedlted hia movements. It J.npeaxs that this case lias been so .lrarly brought within the purview of the police court that it might well be brought the rest of the way and a lesson administered to motorcyclists and other persons who endanger the lives and property of other per sons by such bursts of speed. , It Is notorious that our traffic regulations are not enforced with that degree of rigidity which insures respect for them. Now and then when a ruie Is vio lated, especially if damage results, the offender is' brought into court and given a nominal fine.' In this case there was serious damage. But whether damage follows or not the offender should be as severely punished as the law permits and the punishment' should be inflicted so surely that fools and careless persons might be awakened to the possible conse quences of their folly or carelessness. Pistol (8elling The city of Macon, Georgia, Is trying to put ths business of pistol selling on something like a luxury basis. It is now proposed in that city to Impose a license of $1,000 on every hardware dealer who sells pistol and thereby make It more of a Job for a man to become a pistol owner and later a pistol toter. The Idea seems to be to make the license prohibitive, as even in that state it is a question whether any hard ware deler would pay the city $1,000 for the privilege of selling these Georgia luxuries. Pistol toting is one of" the greatest evils of the south. Most law-abiding citizens down there have long since abandoned the vicious habit, but from the record of the past year it looks as if there were still enough hot-headed southerners rumbling around with , quick tempers and loaded plstola to put life there on a plane with life in the wilds of Africa. We venture the opinion that this prohibitive license will not materially lessen the evil. There is no reason to expect persons who desire pistols to be deprived of them in that manner, when they can be easily accommodated by the mall order houses. High Prices in Export High prices are getting into our export trade in great shape. The official figures for our agricultural exports last November show that we sold 2,200,000 bushels of corn, as compared with 1,400,000 bushels In November, 1915, or an Increase In quantity of nearly 50 per cent, while the reported value for November, 1915, was $1,018,000, and for this lust November $2, S00.000, or more than double. Su of cottonseed oil. We sold 20,000,000 pounds in November, 1915, and only 12,000.000 pounds In November, 1916, but the reported value for the larger quantity was $1,521,000, and for the smaller quantity $1,429,000, or within $92, 000 of the same sum for twelve million pounds as for twenty million pounds. In November, 1915, we ex ported 524.000 bales of cotton, and in November, 1916. 738,000 bales, or less than 50 per cent Increase In quantity. But the bales sold In November, 1915, were valued at $31,000,000, and the 50 per cent more in quantity In November, 1916, were valued at $72,000, 000. We sold 13,000,000 bushels of wheat in November, 1915, for $15,000,000, and last November we sold 14. 000,000 bushels tor $27,000,000. Europe has to have these things at any price just now, and of course our producers are willing to take any price. These producers in the case are not the wicked manufacturers or the abhorred railroads, but the plain and simple husbandman, the tiller of our soil, the noble and excellent farmer. Vocation does not make any difference In the gladness at getting high prices. They are welcomed by everybody, from the Individual to the nation. Our export trade is now the biggest ever, in dollar.- and cents, and we are all boasting of it and of the prosperity that It has brought to us. although for smaller quantities we are getting more money. WHAT THEODORE VAIL THINKS OF COLLEGE MEN In the January American Migazine Theodore Vail says : "The young man entering life must not be Im patient. He must accumulate experience, he must learn the duties of his position by the actual doing before he has any value to his employer. "The reason so many coll?Ke boys fail Is that they are full of theories; they think they know it all. A college course Is a good thing, an excellent thing, but It must be given to the right kind of youth. Quito a number of the highest positions are filled by men who went through college but who had no false notions as to what was required of them when they entered business. No man Is worth anything until he has gone into the heat of tho battle and had his theories subordinated to practice. "The son of rich parents is handicapped In his youth. He gets no experience of doing things, and no opportunity to benefit from hard knocks auch as come the other fellow's way. "When a boy comes to ask me to put him through college I tell him it would be the worst thing that could happen to him. I say: "You would not only have a burden of debt on your shoulders when you finished college, but you would have the additional burden of getting experience and It Is pretty hard to get experience and earn money at the same time. You can earn money only aft-tr you have had ex perience.' " IODINE IN THE HOME Toronto Mall and Empire Every family should keep at bottle of tincture of iodine In its medicine closet. Then If any member gets a scratch a prompt painting of the place with Iodine will prevent Infection and further trouble. Iodine Is the best disinfectant for such purposes, says an exchange. A person may scratch a hand a dozen times with no ill effects, and the next time with no apparent reason he may get a badly swollen' arm. The safe thing to do whenever the skin is broken is to wash the places with water ar.d then paint it with Iodine. If the wound is small it needs no other atten tion. If It is a severe cut, the place should be pro tected by a sterile dressing a little cotton from the drug store, or a rag which has been sterilized by trailing water. This treatment is some bother, but It is worth while to head off any possible trouble. Take care In using it for it leaves an ugly brown stain on clothing. "Yes, sir." said the station master, "Safety First has spread all over this country. And nobody that comes to Beaver Hill wtll ever git In no accidents fer want o' warnln' signs about. Jest look at that now." The stranger gazed appreciatively at the sign nailed on a near-by telegraph post. Its stern message was: "It is dangerous to walk or stand on these tracks while a train Is passing." Everybody's Magazine. PARIS NEWSPAPERS DISAVOW CAILLAUX iwr, y . - w s - . ' Joseph Caillaux. Joseph Caillaux, a former member of the French cabinet, is in Italy making efforts to bring: about an im mediate peace. He has been taken to task ky Paris newspaper, which hava disavowed his acts. MRS.BOISSEVAIN, SUFFRAGE MARTYR, AN , INSPIRATION FOR STATUE BY PAUL SWAN I 3 I Swan's statue of Mrs. Boissevam. u j' MZ' II' " A m 4 i 'M 1 ' :-zr- "Forward out of error, Leave behind the night; Forward through the darkness, Forward into light" The above little four-lined, poem tmbodies the whole sentiment of this carefully moulded and most expres sive statue of Inez Milholland Boisse vain, the suffragist who died while fighting for the cause. The figure is by Paul Swan, sculptor, painter and dancer. In his studio he has many works of art fashioned by his own hand statues, paintings and other treasures. Paul Swan is knewn principally for his graceful dancing, but only a few peo ple know him as an artist. Many prominent suffragists who knew Mrs. Boissevain have expressed f reat interest in this symbolic statue. Some who have seen it claim for it the personification of Mrs. Foisse vain's life and ideals. Roses The Latest Novelties 25c and 50c Also 20,000 Ash Trees 2 to 6 feet cheap Umbrella Trees 4 to 6 feet, 10c each WHITE OLEANDERS 3 YEARS OLD CHEAP DAVE TURNER Courthouse Gardener. Phone 1169 EXPENSIVE RUG 15 SIDEWALK li G What Is proving to be a unique demonstration of a product Is that being made for the Harrows Furniture company Is a Whittall rug on the cement (sidewalk In front of the Hip theater. Fred Harrows yesterday in commenting upon the demonstration said: "The weather is playing into our bands beautifully. We want all the mud. all the rain, all the wear under strain that can possibly be given this Whittall rue" This rug in front of the theater has caused a lot of comment and of course the theater management is being fre quently asked retarding the reason for placing a beautiful big rug out on the sidewalk, it is an advertising cam paign conducted by the Harrows Fur niture company to demonstrate the rug. and it is very pleasing tj the demonstrators to have the auoed rainy and muddy weather conditions In which to prove the rug's quality. After the rug has been ust for wven days on the street it will le sent b:-.ck to the factory for cleaning. When re turned .to the local firm It will be placed on display by them and will be sold by scaled bid. The tremendous traffic particularly In rainy and muddy weather on Washington street over this rug for seven days is indeed a unique test of Its quulity. HUGE BIBLE SCHOQLQREAMQF PASTOR BUCHANAN FOR PHOENIX COSSACKS AND MOTOR CARS Two little dots in th distance sud denly woke up. and two '"ossark out posts who had probably been waiting for us for hours, for we were half a day late, flung themselves on their horses and Kalloed toward us. The chauffeur of the first machine motioned with his g.oiit'ot, with Hi" same bored gesture he would have used in a city street, mid the fos sa' ks. bringing down their knouts and flinging their horses about with what should have been a magnificent ges ture, fled down tho road. The only thing that dimmed its magnificence, for they rode beautiful ly, was the invention of the motor car and the ernel and rynlcnl ease with which these soulless contra jit ions of steel and gas only purred a hit heavier and were always at their heels. Horses and riders doubled up every now ami tnen and lea tied like greyhounds, rifles bumping on the men s shoulders, and the motors pumd and snorted lazily lifter two ages and two civilizations were racing there down the soggy road. Arthur I. ill" in Collier's Weekly. - -o ' I Where the People May Have Hearing I What Do the Tourists Say? To the Kditor of The Republican: Kir It has been said often that any government organized by a community is Just as good government as that community deserves. Since the making of roads and streets and their main tenance are governmental functions, it follows that any kind of a street a community has is the best It merits. We deserve bad streets since we cer tainly have them. We have no right to complain, but the tourists have. They have been invited hero through the agency of alluring advertisements depicting the glories or the climate of the Salt River valley, the beauties and the delights of the country of winter roses. These ads make no mention of the bumpy, automobile-destroying streets. Think of some cllnmtc-hcdev-lled easterner perusing one of these seductive Salt river advertisements de pleting the wonders of our winter cli mate, the miles upon miles of orange orchards, orhs;rds of grape fruit, olives and almonds, avenues of palms, fig trees, date palms, and not one word of untruth or exaggeration. This weather tired easterner determines to stand the rigors of the Atlantic coast winters no lonrer. He ships his auto ahead, boards the train with his family and fairly counts the hours that separate him from this climatic paradise. He arrives. The climate Is delightful, lie takes a lease on a beautiful bungalow, beautifully furnished, and they are here to be leased. When he gets com fortably settled he gets out his car and takes his family aboard In ;;lecful an ticipation of the Joys of motoring through these avenues of palms out to the miles of orange groves. Hut right hore Is where he finds out something that was not set down in tho seductive advertisements. They hud told but part of the truth. He sees noth ing of the palms nor of the orange groven, though they are there. He hasn't time. His whole attention is absorbed in avoiding the huge bumps f dried mud, chuch holes, bottomless 'uta and the many fear-lnsplring lob lollies of mud. Neither are the mem bers of his family looklnr at th" pnl-is and the oranRe treos. Thoy nre de voting all of their time and energy at ho'ding on or scrambling bacJ l.;to their seats. The experience reminds them of the time thev were resc.'ed Irom a stranded vessel in the breeches buoy. The tourist turns back to get to the bungalow by the shortest possi 1 Lie route, runs the tangled wreckage ! of his car into the garage, telephones ' to a dealer in "used up" cars, also to : a good phvsiciau and the best lawyer ! in tow n. The ileu'et in "used up" cars offers him $50 for the Junk. The e;st I erner t.ikcs it and applies the $.".') on the doctor's bill. The doctor in the meantime has lieen perspiring over the ' joii of canvassing the bodii's of she members of his family searching for bruises, dislocations, splintered boies. displaced organs. stov-d-up spinal col ; iimns and evidences of concussion of the br.iir. The lawyer g'es over the lease and find: the inevitable flaw, fit lea'-e is hand"(i back to he nwn-r of the beautiful bungalow and the astern man telephones for the ambu t 1 nice, takes his family to the train and i;!es hin.S'-lf to .m.ty southern Cali fornia, where the people U"derst.tnd the advantages of good roads and know enough noi to advertise for t.iurists mill good roai s have been provided. ! When Mr. Kasterner arrives in soi ih i r:i ('.'.hfornia lie tin nceforth becomes ; an enthosiastic and energetic knocker of VriM-nix and the Salt River valley. Though this picture is somewhat ' ovirdiawn, there are many in this city who !;now tlia it contains murh salu tary truth, if I blieved there were any real and one- niquerable difficulties hat prevnt this litll" Hi? Town from I aving n aronMblv e od streets 1 would wv nothinr. lar it Is a glaring fxct the.t jiracticallv nothing is done to re pair the streets. I '(now of many i "ctiuch-1 .oles" and cross ditches where nii'cs have been laid that art deep and Hfficult to get over without breakina springs .iiki that have not received any attention in two years, excepting, of ourse. the "cussing" of the autoists who "bump the bumps." There is no ciisonable excuse for the disreputable ondiMon of the city streetr. If one laborer were allotted to every ten Mock of city street, and if earn man .ere provided with an equipment no ;nore eWu rite th in a A'heeliiarrow, a pick, shovel an 1 a rake, and the man wto req lin il t d'-vote eight hours In it h -f the six (lays if the week to the picking down o;' mops an 1 the filling it boles mi Immediate im-rovemefU of the dirt streets would result and they would be kept in a fairly passable condition and repair. The feeble utrempts at dragging the dirt streets after a rain are almost wholly ineffective. The work of drag ging the streets seems to be abandoned almost as soon as commenced and many of the worst streets are not touched at all. , If these streets are what the people like they have their prayers answered, lint don't expect the tourists to like them. Tourists are generally persons of leisure; at least thoy have leisure when thev are tourists. They generally have cars and enjoy the pleasures of motoring and Ihcv are not likely to remain In a placo where motoring is a succession of narrow escapes. T'ley M' away not to return and Oh! what they say about 1'hoenlx! R. I. o. JOHNSON. A home w ithout children Is a , doomed home. A church without an active bible school (or church school. as It has been aiitlv called), is destined to read the handwriting of its own decline and death upon the wall. When Rev. W. S. Huchanan, a few months ago, became pastor of the First Christian church of Phoenix, he won the nearty applause of his. members bv declaring himself "a bible school man, from the crown of his head to the soles of his feet." They . have .been applauding him ever since, for his zen in th's branch of the Lord's work (as in all other branches) . has been tireless. j And he has not ben alone in. his labors An efficient superintendent j and a corpse of trained, consecrated i workers have upheld bis hands and helped in building up the school toits present propoitions. And now the cry Is, n it was once in the trihe of i Kphraim: "More room!" ' The members of the' Christian churc h feel that the field is w idr for ', a mighty bible school in Ph'oenix. !r. Hufhani'.n says, "there are so many eople who are not enlisted, ard who snould be interested. The bible Is the grea'est of all books, and the bible school, the only place where we have the opnortunity of studying and teaching this great book. Our children have five davs in the week in which to be taught the things of this life, and thirty minutes on Sun day rnornlig In which to master the trie principles which fit them for this iife and for eternity! ; "0:r bible school is training work ers for 1 efficient Christisn service. Los Angeles San Diego San Francisco Via the Santa Fa The train leaves her daily at 6:20 p. m. Roaches Los Angeles 8:25 a. m., making close connections for San Diego and San Francisco, Runs via. San Bernardino and Pas adena. Known to travelers as The Phoenix On the return, this train leaves Los Angeles at 2:00 p. m., arriving hers next morning for breakfast. W. S. GOLDSWORTHY, Gen. Agt. Phone, 453. Depot Phone 1825. WHAT CITY MANAGER DOES This is attested bv two enthusiastic teachers' training classes, with a pres ent enrollment of thirty-one, and es pecially by the splendid adult class, taugl I bv the pr.stor, with an enroll ment of more than two hurrdred and fifty. This Is the largest bible class In the Hate, and one of iti aims is that It may, in tinr have a thousand members. "Our bible studies, for the f;rst six months of this year, are taken from the gospel of Stl John, which affords; a wonderful opportunity to get in touch with the very heart of Christ, is revealed in this gospel. "The insistent cry, as alsive statea is "more room." We hopj to htve not only ihls. but better and mot modern ' bible school equipment, at a not far distant date." The pastor and his people have a vision of a great up-to-date church huildinc in the city of Phoenix, and hope to work this out within the next two or three years. "We realize that this is a great work," he said "nnd ill great works, tint the world has I-een performed, at first have seemed impossible. But nothinrr is impossible, when iod 's on our side. "In our work for the immediate fu ture, the city is hieing divided into districts, ind district workers and sub workers are being apiointed, all to eo-operate and work together as one mii;hty force. In a thorough, systematic and business way, we ex pect to assist in taking Phoenix foe Christ. We have leained to cry. with with William Carey: "Attempt groat thincs lor G-d; expect great things from God!" TO DIG FOR GROESUS'S GOLD It Makes Good Government Easy In- expedition Led by Princeton Profes stead of Difficult ! sor Will Visit Asia Minor Oronsus. king of Lydia and the world's first great financier, escorted a committee of his subjects through his palace one afternoon in February. T7, ."rd after the committee had looked at Croesus" heaps of gold, one of the visitors, the first muckracker. evident ly, said it was wicked that anyone should have so much wealth and that .something was golns to l.appen. It did; half an hour later, niost of the Ms mountain overhanging Sardis buried the city, and when the earth quake was over. Croesus' wealth was buried below mining depth. Prof. Howard Holler of the depart ment of art .md archaeology ' Princeton University, announced re cently that tin was going over to Asia Minor verv eoon to resurrect the bur led treasure. In V9. IhroTessor But ler headed an expedition to Sardus and, though he found only bronze statues, his excavations wtre of great eirntifi' worth. From the New York Times. The advocates of the city manager plan do not guarantee that this plan is a panacea for all the present evils hi city management It will not insure good results, but wijl make good re sults more certain of attainment. It doeF not guarantee thnt an effi cient manager will be selected by the council, hut furnishes s better method of securing one and a speedy moans of ?ctiir.;r rid of a bod one. It fixes the responsibility of select ing an efficient manager on a few men whose sworn duty will require them to act upon careful ennsidera t on. after thorot gli investigation, in ste'id of leaving tho selection to sev eral thousand people, most of whom are too busy to give the question pr-'per thought. It fixes the attention of all the peo 'ile upon the conduct, the methods, the successes, and the failures of one man, instead of dividing public attention and fixing it haphazard upon many public officials. It transforms citv government from an exiwriment by inexperienced men to a modern business system. it eliminates politics, ward bosses, ward heelers, and a multitude of con sequent eviis. and concentrates the at tention of the electors upon the char acter, the ability, and probable ef ficiency of a few men Instead of di viding public attention among a horde of office seekers, thus rendering pub lic scrutiny and opinion Ineffective. In respect to the selection of a man ager, it adopts the plan of our public school system, under which school di rectors have always served without compensation and eiect school super intendents ujM.n tho principle of sup losed efficiency -nd witnout regard to the question of local residence. All will admit that in this respect, results have been fairly satisfactory, at least much lietter than they would have been had school superintendents been elected bv the popular vote on resi dent candidates only. It relieves the councilmen of the ex ecutive management of each of the city departments, puts the administra tive work upon tiie manager, and lenves the cc.unoil free to legislate and to observe tho results the man ager is attaining. It furnishes a short ballot which limits the number of elective officers that are to be chosen ny the voters. F. C Piatt in the Rotarian. PEACE What the world, would li!;e to sec Is a pence that passetli all mistinder I standing. From the New York Sun. Is it an Escrow? Then it will best bo taken care of hy the Phoenix Title & Trust Company 18 X. 1st Ave. Cotton Growers Attention We finance the grower advance money on your cotton crop and sell Selected Egyptian Cotton Seed Ginners Oil Millers Cotton Buyers The Arizona Egyptian Cotton Company Fifth and Buchanan Streets "