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At O.JJ AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL T WEN T V-K U j 1 IT 1 YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 3, 1917 10 PAGES VOL. XXVHL, NO. 190 CROWN PRINCE FAILS Deceased Elks Are Fittingly Eulogized At Memorial Service Republican A. P. Leased Wire The attempt of the Bavarian Crown Prince Kupprecht by an encircling '.I'Vement to nu'lify the brilliant ad vance of the British General Byng to ward Cambrai has resulted apparently In complete failure. Although at some point the lii'rmanii pierced the Brit ish lines and captured positions, men and (tuns, they have paid dearly for their enterprise in easuntties the dead near La Vnrquerie during the course of twelve hours having been greater in numbers than during any similar period of fighting since the war be gun. Relatively, the British line remains as it was before the German drive. Tactically it is just as strong. The enemy, in great numbers, has endeav ored to pierce the front nt Masniures, delivering in all, ten attacks there, all of which were successfully repulsed. Some nf the enemy succeeded in re doubled efforts in penetrating the ad Joining village of lies Hues Vertes, but later were driven out in a counter attack. The salient formed by the occupa tion of Masnieres by the British was an extremely hard one to hold and dur ing Saturday night General Byng, to improve his line, ordered the evacua tion of the village, which was carried nut unhampered by the Germans, who Sunday morning evidently had not learned of the strategic movement, s they were continuing to bombard the old position. Later Berlin announced that the village had been cleared of British. Near the southern base of the line the Germans also have at tempted to better their positions around Gonnelicu. La Vaeiuerie and Bovrealon, but their efforts, as at Masnieres, brought them nothing more than additional heavy casualties. The German war office claims that 60 guns and more than one hundred machine guns were captured by them on Fri day and Saturday. An interesting feature of the attack by the Germans Friday, was that near Gouzeaucourt a large force of Ameri can army engineers were trapped in the encirclement movement. They took refuge in shell craters until the Brit ish pressed forward and then, joining the British ranks, fought side by side with the Britons and aided materially in repulsing the enemy. The Austro-Germans have not yet launched their expected attack on the northern Italian front, but all along this line and along the Piave river t( the Adriatic violent artillery duels are in progress. Near Meletta an attempt by the enemy to break the Italian line was put down and tlx attacking forces compelled to flee. . In Palestine the Turks west of Jeru salem continue to attack the British positions, but everywhere they have been repulsed with heavy losses. At one place the Ottomans penetrated a British position but later were ejected from it, leaving prisoners in the hands of the British. THE BRITISH STATEMENT. WITH TIIK BRITISH ARMY IX FRANCE, Dec. 2. (By the Associated 1'ress). The British yesterday and last night continued their counter offensive operations In the Gonnelieu sector, which was overrun by the Ger mans Friday In an attempt to wrench off the salient which the British last week drove In about Boulon wood. The mopping up of Gonnelieu, which whs recaptured by Haig's troops Sat urday, was completed during the night. About 300 prisoners were taken in this place. Fifty prisoners also were brought out of Les Rues Vertes after a British counter attack and, all told, the Germans lost many hundreds of prisoners in yesterday's operations. After recapturing Gauche wood, the British continued their pressure in this region and pushed up still further on the higher ground to the southeast of the wood. One British tank captured 15 enemy machine guns in the assault in Gauche wood. The Gormans this morning began a heavy shelling of the British entangle ments at the position known as The Knoll Just south of Venhuile, indicat lng the possibility of an impending at tack in that sector. It is now possible to state that the Germans on Fr.day employed a great force at least fix or seven divisions for their attack from Moeuvres to Bourlon wood, and four or five divi stons in the southern offensive in the region of Gonnelieu. The Germans fought in masses all day that day in both sectors and their losses were ex ceedlngly heavy. The German claim of four thousand prisoners may be correct. There is no controversion of this report at the mo ment. The British fared very well in (Continued on Page Two) MEMBERS OF WM MISSIONS PREP1 10 Mill f i Never were deceased members of I'hoenix I-odge, No. 333, B. P. O. Elks more fittingly eulogized than were the three who answered the supreme com mand during 1917, at the annual mem orial services of the order yesterday afternoon. Not only were the exer cises deeply impressive, but the ar rangement of the big auditorium of the Elks Theater was quite in keeping with the solemnity of the occasion. A. B. Kellogg. Eugene Brady O'Neill and Christy Mackin were the three members of the antlered herd who passed to the great beyond during the year now drawing to a close. It was around the memory of the virtues and deeds of these departed brethren thit the warp and woof of the memorial was woven. Even in the decorations, the most beautiful ever employed by the I'hoenix Elks at this annual' serv ice, the names of the absent brothers stood out in letters of gold, and bright stars appeared when their names were called, indicative of their having an swered the call of the supreme ex alted ruler. From the moment that the various officers of the lodge assumed their re- pective stations and the unusually ex cellent orchestra under the direction of Elk Walter Boothman, of Danbury, Conn., lodge, charmed the big audi ence with the opening strains of Elen- burg's "Mill in the Forest, until the benediction and oxit march, there was nut a moment that did not carry with It an appeal to the better side of humankind and exemplified the motto of the Elks, "The faults of our brothers we wrue upon the sands; their virtues upon the tablets of love and memory." The singing of Mrs. Doane Merrill, Elk E. I. Myers and Billy Cochran was particularly good. And the eulogy, an able presentation of the aims and purposes of the Elks, together with an earnest of the efforts of the members of the order to rise to the needs and duties created because of the great world war, became a real classic as rendered by Elk Mulford Winsor, past district deputy grand exalted ruler of the Arizona jurisdiction. Mr. Winsor prefaced his remarks by saying that by reason of the portentlous events which are occur ring events that are engaging the mind of the nation practically to the exclusion of all other subjects he would not dwell upon the purely fra ternal aspects of the service being celebrated with the particularity that he otherwise might. "Briefly, however," said the speaker, "I wish to. say of our mem orial service that it is always i sacred and solemn event. With the expansion and development of th order, the growth of its mission and the clearer defining of its ideals, this annual ceremonial has grown in importance, in the sacredness of its character and in the regard and affection of the brotherhood. It is one of the two annual public cere monials which so faithfully symbol ize the order's aims, and affords at once a period of reeonsecration, in which all Elks may renew "their solemn covenants, one with another. both with the living and with the dead, and an opportunity whereby the public may gain an insight into the lofty principles which form the framework of the order's structure. He spoke of the universality with which the memorial service is ob served "wherever the antlered herd has a gathering place," neither di rection or clime marking an excep tion. "From bleak New England's shore to where the setting of the shining orb of day gilds the high Sierras," Mr. Winsor declared. "Thu virtues of our brothers are once again being written upon memory s tablet, while in the land of the mid night sun, 'where the mountains are nameless, and the rivers all run God knows where,' the responses of our Alaskan brothers ring true above the roar of the wintry winds, even as the songs of the Elks of Manila rise In harmony with the music of the waves that gently wash the ahoren of the Philippines. Always an impressive service, Mr. Winsor said that to him this par ticular service appealed as no simi lar one ever had. "Losing nothing of its fraternal character, but rather enhancing it, it takes on a new, oroader and a more exalted mean ing. We miss our departed brothers none the less keenly; we recall their familiar features none the less tend erly; we glow with no ess of pride ss we reflect upon their virtues and their achievements, but in this hour of the nation's peril, this service should be dedicated, as our absent brothers would have it dedicated, to the stricken brotherhood of man. "We mourn," he said, "for the mil lions, of all nations and races, whose blood is drenching the earth, stain ing the mountain sides and swelling the very tides of the rivers of Europe; our hearts go out to the women who are widowed, the cbil dren who are orphaned and the gray haired fathers and mothers who have sent forth their brave boys, flesh of their flesh, blood of their blood, to die that the liberty of the world may live. He recounted the atroci ties which have railed forth ou severe condemnation, but declared that although these indescribabl '',,, . 4 ' f I ? nniOfBiitriwriniiJ"T' Xfn-imi: National Banks Show Earnings In Excess of Records MULFORD WINSOR Past District Deputy Grand Exalted Ruler, of Yuma, Eulogist at Memorial Service horrors and unspeakable atrocities have come from the hand of the ation with which, our country is locked in the storm and stress ol war, I dare to say, that on this mem orial day, when our thoughts are fixed upon the virtues rather than upon the sins of mankind, our hearts go out to the people of that nation too," and that "we can and must feel the deepest and sincerest sympathy for those people who have not yet embraced the eternal and everlasting truths of democracy, and who now are suffering, even as all the world is Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. Dec.. 2. Earnings of national banks for the fiscal year ending last June 30 were $667,446,001), the greatest in their history, and (b, 764 000, or 13 per cent more than for the previous year, according to com pilations made public tonight by Comptroller of the Currency Williams. Net earnings were $1 94,321,000, an in crease over the preceding year of $36,- 778,000, or 23 per cent. On their capital stock the banks re port net earnings of 17.96 per cent, the highest percentage ever reported. This compares with 1.4.78 per cent on stock the year before. NEWWAR SESSION ONTODAY AMERICAN CAVALRYMAN AND THIRTY-FIVE MEXICANS DERRAIDREPUL suffering, for the sins of their arrogant rulers." Dwelling further upon the import ance. in the present crisis, or aeai eating our chief thoughts and chief activities to the living, rather than the dead: to the present and the future, rather than to the past," M Winsor said that "our tears must not blind us to the deep solemnity of our duty, nor loss, grief or af fliction dull our sense of -the tre mendous responsibility resting upon us as Elks and Americans. It may well be a source ' of pride and gratification to us, that in this time of supreme trial, our , order is so distinctively, so characteristically American; that none but American citizens liave ever been accorded ad mission to our ranks, and that loy alty to country and love of its flag rank high -among the Elk s articles of faith. But justification . of that pride' which should, swell within our breasts depends not upon the sound ing of the vow we made, at the altar, nor yet upon the vainglorious draping' of that altar with the stars and stripes. It depends rather upon the quality of service we may render. in fulfillment .of that vow, and the sacrifices we stand prepared to make in ' defense of our glorious emblem of liberty. Ve have been 'wont to boast that our's Is an intensely pa triotic order, but the time : has ar rived to replace boasting with deeds, and to substitute works for words. Our country is imperiled,' our homes and firesides are threatened,- our in stitutions and liberties are at stake. The duty is upon us,, as true Elks, professing to be foremost as loyal Americans, to render, willingly and gladly, full measure of sen-ice and sacrifice." ' Mr. Winsor recounted the pa triotic activities of the order the heavy purchases of . Liberty bonds, liberal support accorded to the Red Cross and similar activities, the as sistance accorded to the government in its efforts- toward food conserva tion, and the raising of a million dollar fund which Is now being done, for the establishment of a hospital behind the American lines in France, where this country's brave liberty boys, wounded in battle, may have succor, and if possible be won back to health and strength. But these activities," he said, "splendid ' as they are, in no wise mitigate or lessen our duty as in dividuals. As Elks, we should join our hearty support to every good movement or the order, but In ad dition thereto, it is our duty, as loyal Americans, and we should esteem it a privilege to serve and to sacrifice to the very limit, and if need be, beyond the limit of our ability Do I need to ask or to answer, in any American audience and par ticularly in an audience composed of the members and friends of the order of Elks, why such devotion as have endeavored to express, Is called ror?" As an Elk to Elks, Mr. Win sor said, it was sufficient to remind his brothers that steadfastness to the vow they had taken at the altar demanded whole-hearted devotion to the call of the nation in. any. emerg ency. out in tne present emerg ency',' he declared, "in which all our country's resources and strengtn and determination and loyalty will WHEN BOR SED TivelfttHSit One Of Business Activity (Continued on Page Two) rtepubllcan A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, Dec. 2. The members of the American war mission began winding up their affairs today prep aratory to leaving for America. They were busy compiling reports and clearing up minor details in confer ence with their French and British associates. It is officially announced that no plenary meeting of the conference will be held and that the Americans will take no further part in the meetings of the supreme war coun cil until the mission has returned home and made its report. Colonel House and General Bliss represented the United Suites at the meeting of the war council yesterday, but the permanent representation is still un determined. Colonel House has been in frequent communication with President Wilson who has been ad vised on all the important develop ments. The Inter-allled council, which Is a permanent body dealing with fi nance, shipping, munitions and other economic and Industrial aspects of the war, will open its meetings In London within a fortnight O. T. Crosby is tbe representative of the United States at this conference. Mrs. DeSaulles Happy Son Restored To Her Republican A. P. Leased Wire ROSLYN, N. Y., Dec. 2. John De Saulles, Jr., aged four and one-hall years was restored today to the custody of his mother, Mrs. Bianca De Saulles, who was acquitted last night by a Jury in the supreme court at Mineola of the murder of her divorced husband at his home near Westbury, L. I., the night of Aug ust 3. The young Chilean woman had just told a group of newspaper men who called at her home, the Cross ways, near here, this afternoon, that the possession of her boy was "the only thing needed to make my hap piness complete," when an automo bile stopped in the driveway. A mo ment later the boy rushed into his mother's arms. A reunion so soon was a surprise to Mrs. de Saulles as she had feared it would be necessary to resort tu legal procedure to regain custody of her child. "I'm glad to be back here again," he said to his mother during an In termission in his play. "I'd rather be with you than any one else in the world," he added after a moment. . "I'd rather have you with me than all the people In the universe," said Mrs. de Saulles with evident feeling as she hugged the youngster. "What's a universe?" he asked in a puzzled manner. "That's a whole lot of worlds," said his mother. 'Well, then I'd rather be with you than all the people In a whole lot of universes," the boy declared. It was a controversy over custody of her son which caused Mrs. de Saulles to go to her former hus band's home the night of the shoot ing, the defendant maintained' dur ing the trial. , For the present, Mrs. de Saulles said, she had no plans. One of her son's first suggestions when he re turned to her today was "let's go to Chile." The mother did not say whether it was her intention to go to her former home there In the Immediate future, -however. Attorney Uterhart said tonight he believed nothing would be done by relatives of the' boy's father to pre vent his mother taking him wherever she desired. .k Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. Congress re-assembles tomorrow at noon for its second war sesoion. All avranttemeatss wero complete to niyht for what premised to be another eoochal session. Increased determina tion of the American people for vigor nns nrosecution of the war to victory was the message universally brought by the returning members. Routine opening sessions are sched uled for tomorrow. Immediately after annnintine committees to notify Pres ident Wilson that the second session of the sixty-fifth congress is in reauiness, adlournments will be taken out oi re spect to members who died during the reces3Senator Husting of Wisconsin, who was accidentally shot, and Kepre entntive Martin of Illinois. Another feature will be receipt of nnnrouriations estimate aggregating many billions of dollars for war and general governmental purposes for the next tiscal year. Tuesday President w nson win ub liver his annual opening address, in the house chamber at p. m., at a Joint session. Public printers were today at work on the message, the delivery of which is awaited with unusual interest, oe cause of possible, comment on war ac complishments and ajms, the upheaval in Russia, the reverses of Italy and the immediate policy as to Germany s al lies. The message is said to be un usually long. A recommendation tor a declaration of war against Ausvfta Hungary is not expected. Unless the president re(nmenas further declarations of war, liij.'.3 busi ness is planned this weeK. by congres sional leaders. ., . A . week.-end rtsfcss probably wij be takbn to have appro priation committees begin survey o: supply measures, and the session is not expected to get into . its striae until after the' Christmas holidays when a stream of appropriation b,is will be in flood. Few members expect the act sion to end before the fall congres sional elections. Before the holiday recess, which Speaker Clark and others favor aba,n doning, disposition of the national pro hibition question is to be pressed. Revenue legislation will not l3 taken up immediately, but a deficiency ap propriation bill before the. holidays, to care for unexuected war expenusures, is probable. Early activities include consideration by senate committees of Senator La Follette's . much . discussed St. Paul speech, and railroad transportation problems. The senate privileges and elections committee -will meet tomor row to extend the time for its sub committees' investigation of the La Follette speech. Chairman Pomerene today arranged with former Secretary Brya-n, who will be the principal wit ness, to testify December 11. Mr. Bry an is expected to repeat before the committee his denial of Senator La Follette's assertion that he knew am munition was loaded on the Lusitania and pleaded with President Wilson to prevent her sailing. Transportation questions will be con sldered Tuesday when the Newlands Joint congressional committee resumes its inquiry into general railroad mat ters. including government ownership. In fiscal legislation congress is awaiting suggestions from President Wilson and Secretary McAdoo. The administration is reported disposed to recommend new bond issues rather than taxes to meet immediate needs. Foreign affairs ' promise to receive much attention in the senate. New treaties to be submitted will provide for drafting of aliens. The treaty pay ing $25,OOOJ00O to Colombia is still pending. Some senators also are pri vately disposed to ass questions about tlfe appointment of Colonel House and others to the inter-allied conference afi well as about the Chinese pact nego tiated by Secretary Lansing with Vis count Ishii of Japan. Calendars of both senate and house are filled with bills and resolutions left over from the last Bession, while many new. ones are scheduled for introduc tion tomorrow, xne Webb bill per mitting American exporters to combine in foreign trade Is tne senate s unfin ished business. Speaker tark planned today to or der a call of the unanimous consent calendar in the house tomorrow be cause of the larger number' of bills left over on that calendar. o Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 2. General business conditions throughout the twelfth federal reserve district which comprises Arizona, California Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah and Washing ton, is one of great industrial and ag ricultural activity and large volume of trade, according to a bulletin the fed eral reserve bank of San Francisco made public today. The splendid re sponse of this district in buying $290,000,000 of the bonds of the sec ond Liberty loan, according to the bul letin, evidences a widespread fervent and patriotic desire to serve the nation. Labor conditions in this district are still unsettled, the bulletin says adding "but as this is written there are no important strikes." "Mining products in Arizona," the bulletin contirtues "will exceed those of last year, copper having an esti mated value of $200,000,000, other metals $60,000 000. Cotton acreage has risen to ;(8.850, with a product valued at $6,000,000. "Building permits -in twenty prin cipal cities declined from $7,533,000 in October 1916, to $4,684,000 in October, 1917. Clearings show an increase of 35.6 per cent, Ogden leading with a 60.9 per cent increase." The bulletin contains a special ap peal to all eligible state banks and trust companies to become members of the federal reserve system In order to contribute toward fortifying the na tion to meet present and future finan cial strains growing out of war requirements. ENGINEERS Fffl mn doing VALIANT WORK TELLS OF RUSSIAN Ennns T IISTIC E Republican A. P. Leased Wire WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN FRANCE, Saturday, Dec. 1. Large numbers of American army engineers working on the British railways in the region of Gouzeaucour, caught in tne German turning movement, es caped by lying in shell holes and prone on the ground while the British fired over them. There they remained until the British were near enough to en able the Americans to join the ranks when they fought valiantly and played an important part in replying to the enemy. The British commanders refer to their valiant behavior with the greatest enthusiasm. Americans elsewhere took a busy hand in the fighting and were under hot German shell fire. Numbers of them volunteered for patrol work in the danger zone and all acquitted themselves finely. A British general told the corre spondent he could not praise them too highly. It is reported that several Americans were captured, but escaped after a few hours and rejoined the British. The engineers were mainly from New- York. The crew of a train had a nar row escape. The engine driver, whose homa is in St. Louis, was standing be side his engine talking with a British soldier when the attack started. A shell struck nearby and killed tne Briton but the the American miracu lously escaped. Two more shells ex ploded on either side of the locomotive and the engineer thought it v.-as time I) move. He and tl. 3 crew Vug themselves in" in s!pll holes and after miny hours made the'.r escape. The railway was wn up by th-j Germans soon after the Americans hid themselves. Military observers can recall no previous time when army engineers h3Ve undergone su;h varied and thrill ing experiences as yesterday. The latest reports say that several Ameri cano who were actually captured by tne Germans escaped after a few hours a:d made their way back to the Brit ish line. How many of tiiem spent agonizing (Continued on Page Two) Republican A. P. Leased Wire PETROGRAD. Thursday, Nov. 29. The report of the representatives sent through the German lines by Ensign Krylenko, the Bolsheviki commander-in-chief, to begin negotiations for an armistice, was given out here today. It shows that the agreement to take up the negotiations was made on be half of the Germans by their com mander-in-chief. It was agreed that the conference should be held Sunday, December 2. at German headquarters in Brest-Litovsk. The text of the re port follows: "We crossed the line, preceded by a trumpeter carrying a white flag. Three hundred yards from the German entanglements we were met by Ger man officers. Our eyes blindfolded, we were conducted to a battalion staff of the German army, where .we handed over our written authorization from the national commissaries to two offi cers of the German general staff who had been sent for the purpose. The negotiations were conducted in the Frehch language. Our proposal to carry on negotiations for an armistice on all the fronts of belligerent coun tries, in order later to make peace, was immediately handed over to the staff of the division, whence it was sent by direct wire to the staff commander of the eastern front and to the chief commander of the German armies. "At 6:20 o'clock wv were taken in a motor car to the minister's house on the road from Dvinsk to Ponevyezh,. where we were received by Divisional General von Hoffmeister, who in formed us that our proposal had been handed to the highest commander and that a reply probably would be receiv ed in 24 hours. But at 7:50 o'clock the first answer from the chief of the gen eral command already had been re ceived announcing agreement to our proposals and leaving the details of the next meeting to General von Hoff meister and the parliamentarians. Af ter an exchange of opinion and further communication by wire from the chief of the general command at midnight we were given by von Hoffmeister a written answer. to our proposal. The reply wa.s: " 'The chief of the German eastern front is prepared to enter into nego (Continued on Page Two) Republican A. P. Leased Wire INDIO, Texas, Dec. 2. One American cavalryman, a Mexican foreman of an American cattle ranch and thirty-five Mexicans were kjled in a battle which oc curred early Saturday morning at Buena Vista, a small hamlet on the Mexican side of the Rio Grande a few miles from here. The dead: Private Riggs. Eighth Cavalry sanitary detachment. Justo Gonzalez, foreman of the Tigner Cattle ranch. Private Noriel, Troop K, slight ly wounded. The bandits, two hundred in number, under command of Chico Cano, on Friday raided the cattle ranch of J. F. Tiqner, driving off a number of cattle and shooting down others in the pasture. Tigner appealed by telephone to Colonel George T. Langhorne, dis trict commander at Marfa, who ordered Lieutenant Leonard T. Matlack with twenty men in pur suit. Tigner, owner of the cattle, accompanied the troops. Lieutenant Matlack followed a hot trail into Mexico anj at Buena Vista the bandits attempt ed to ambush him. The lieutenant tode through the ambush into the midst of the bandits, his men kill ing 35 and wounding many more. The Mexicans retreated in disorder into the town. In the meanwhile Colonel Lang horne had despatched the machine gun troop and troops L and I under Captain Barnes to the scene. These engaged the bandits who fought desperately. During the fighting a number of the cavalrymen's horses were shot from under them as was also that of Tigner, who, mounted behind a soldier, joined in the pursuit of the bandits .'ter the attempted ambush. In crossi' a deep ditch the cattleman was jolted from tbje horse and was not found for sev eral hours after the fighL The carcasses of the stolen cattle, were found in the streets of Buena Vista when the last of the bandits re treated across the river nto Mexico. coionei iangnorne arnvea nere to night from Marfa and assumed com mand of the situation. All the troops have returned to the American side of the Rio Grande. Report from Presidio PRESIDIO, Texas, Dec. 2 In a bat tle at Buena Vista, Texas, United States cavalrymen, under command of Lieutenant Leonard F. Matlack, and Mexican cattle thieves, one soldier was killed and another slightly wounded. Justo Gonzj.les, foreman of an Amer ican cattle ranc who was acting as scout for the soldiers, was killed. Machine guns were used by the cavalry to drive the Mexicans from the houses of Buena Vista in which they had taken refuge. Buena Vista is 20 miles northwest of here on the Rio Grande. The fight occurred early Saturday morning. Private Riggs, Eighth Cavalry, sani tary detachment, was killed, and Sad dler Noriel, Troop K, slightly wounded. The bandits numbered 200. of whom 35 were killed and many wounded. ESSENTIAL INDUSTRIES TO BE E Churches of Nation Urge Bibles For Sammies Abroad Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK, Dec. 2.. message from President Wilson endorsing the campaign of the American Bible So ciety to raise a fund of $100,000 to supply testaments to men In the army and navy, was read in churches throughout the country today. "This is an object which I am sure all Christian people will want to see accomplished. I hope that it may be. for the sake of the men who are going to the front. They will need the sup port of the only book from which they can get it." The nation-wide campaign which was started today also was endorsed by Colonel Theodore Roosevelt as a worthy effort to "put the church be hind Pershing and the American army abroad." , Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. The gov ernment's first move toward curtailing non-essential industries during the war was made today when the fuel admin istration sent to coal' producers a pre ferred list of consumers to serve as a guide in filling orders. The list estab lishes preferential shipment for gov ernment orders, railway fuel, house hold requirements, public utilities, steel plants, coke ovens and munitions plants Although no direct order was issued requiring operators to give the list preference, a definite request was made and fuel administration officials be lieve it will be followed. The priority is asked for a period of thirty days. "The requests are designed," said Fuel Administrator Garfield tonight. "to insure fulfillment of the require ments of those coal users whose activi ties are essential to the military and economic efficiency of the nation in the conduct of the war. To obtain coal for emergency - re quirements operators were asked to no tify the fuel administration imme diately of the amounts of their free tonnage. This coal will be used . to supply communities that run short un expectedly. The preferential lists went to virtu ally every operator In the country, ex cept in the Rocky mountain district, which serve local consumers. More than 6000 were mailed. Facing a coal shortage of fifty mil lion tons for the country, the fuel ad ministration determined that a radical step was necessary if essential indus tries and public utilities were to be kept running. Suggestions that a list of non-essential Industries be pre pared to which coal should be denied, were rejected by the fuel administra tor, who established, instead, the pre ferential list, believing it less likely to Injure the credit of concerns which It is considered certain will suffer. The preferential list went out in slightly different forms to the various coal producing fields. Operators in Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky, Illinois, In diana, Alabama, Tennessee, Colorado and Oklahoma were requested to give preference in shipment to government orders, railway fuel, domestic require ments, public utilities and munitions plants; those in Pennsylvania and Kentucky to government orders, rail way fuel,, domestic requirements, pub lic utilities, steel plants, by-product coke ovens and munitions plants, and those in Virginia and West Virginia to government orders, railway fuel, tide water shipments for New England, do mestic requirements, public utilities and munitions plants. Fuel saving through conservation of power used by electric railway com panies is sought in a communication the fuel administration, has sent to all state fuel administrators. -Revision of schedules and more economic heating are among the suggestions advanced, Cross the Rio Grande SAN ANTONIO, Texas. Dec. 2. Mexican bandits have crossed the Rio Grande twice within the past few days and engaged in battles with Americans, according to reports reaching here to night. In one encounter an American soldier is reported to have been killed and another wounded. A dispatch from La Fria, Cameron county, said that bandits crossing there Friday had a battle with river guards and wounded one, a Mexican, who was taken to Brownsville. A report from'Alpine says that ban dits crossed the river on the Stigner ranch near Indio Saturday, stole a number of cattle and were engaged by American soldiers. One soldier was killed, says the report, and another wounded while several Mexicans were killed. JUAREZ, Dec. 2. Unconfirmed re ports were brought here today from the south that Canuto Reyes, the Felix Diaz commander in the state of Chi huahua, had marched toward Torreon, Coahuila, and captured Gomez Palacio the suburb of Torreon on the north Military authorities declared they had no information -egarding the reported attack by Reye and his band although the military censorship has prevented information from reaching here from the south. "Tank" Quiets Mexicans EL PASO, Dec, 3. Early this morn ing a "tank" and a machine gun com pany were ordered to the Santa Fe street international bridge, following a threatening demonstration by Mex ican cavalrymen on the Mexican end of the structure. The show of force followed an at tempt to capture a Mexican who was fording the river with a box contain ing one thousand rounds of rifle am munition. Several nots were fired at the man, who dropped the box and disappeared. The box was recovered and brought to the American side. After a telephone conversation with (Continued on Page Two) Army Balloon Adrift Leaves Ruin In Wake Republican A. P. Leased Wire WICHITA, Kas., Jec. 2. A huge United States army balloon of the new French type, inflates with 35,000 cubic feet of gas, broke away in a high wind late today at Fort Omaha, Neb., and trailing 6000 feet of steel cable, was carried rapidly south through Kansas. The cable played havoc with telephone and telegraph wires, tearing down long stretches and breakifig off poles. Tlje balloon is said to have- carried five tons of steel ballast. The balloon passed over Newton, Kas., at 11:30 o'clock and tore down eight blocks of wires in the city and broke off many poles. Considerable damage was also said to have been done to homes and office buildings by the heavy cable. . At midnight the big bag was report ed slightly northwest of Wichita, trav eling in a southwesterly direction at a speed of approximately 45 miles an hour. There were- no occupants in the bas ket when the balloon broke away, ac cording to reports. Breaks from Moorings OMAHA, Dec. 2 A new French type balloon, filled with 35,000 cubic feet of gas, broke loose from its moorings at Fort Omaha while on a trial flight. . There were no men in the baug, which ' carried 6,000 feet of steel cable trail ing beneath. Passes Over Auburn KANSAS CITY, Dec. 2. The run away balloon from fort Omaha, was reported here to have swept over Auburn, Neb., early this evening where it tore down many electric light wires, j virtually disrupting the light service of i that town. It passed over Humboldt, i Neb., at 6:80 this evening traveling in , the.-direction of Kansas City.