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AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-EIGHTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 6, 191 10 PAGES VOL. XXYIIL, NO. 199 THE Way For War Cleared By Congress Declaration State of Exists With Austria Eighty Are Lost When Apapa Sinks (Republican Associated Press Leased Wire) LONDON, Dec. 5. Further details regarding the sinking of the British steamer Apapa, which was torpedoed recently by an enemy submarine with a loss of some 83 passengers and members of the crew, say that the steamex with 160 passengers and a full complement of crew was proceeding to Liverpool in a calm sea at 4 o'clock in the morning when she was struck by two torpedoes. The shock was tremendous and the passengers, mostly women, children and invalids, were thrown from their bunks. There was no panic, although the vessel was going rapidly. Passengers in the fact of imminent peril, helped one another to secure life belts and then in orderly fashion filed out upon deck and into lifeboats. The work of transferring the women and children to the small boats was carried out without a hitch and with remarkable quickness. As the boats rowed away from the sinking liner, submarines, of which it is believed there were two, came to the surfaco and commenced to shell the open boats and despite the utmost efforts of the oarsmen to get out of range, some casualties occurred. Aid, however, soon was forthcoming and the survivors were rescued and landed. HEALTH IN CAMPS IS MPRDVING Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 5 Although health conditions generally in the na tional army and national guard camps showed improvement during the week ending November 30, the number of deaths materially increased. The report of the division of field sanitation made public today shown that there were 164 deaths among the guardsmen as compared with P7 the previous week and 7!) among the draft men as against 60 the preceding week. One hundred and thirty-four of the guardsmen and 111 of the draft men died of pneumonia and 9 of the former and 15 of the latter died of meningitis. Only two divisions, the -4th (guard) and 87th (national army) reported an increase in cases of measles and the number was small. In the divisions where there has been an epidemic of measles the disease apparently has been brought under control. Report:, from all but one of the di visions In which pneumonia has been prevalent show a decrease in the num ber of new cases. DM I LK PORT WILL SUPERVISE COAL CONTRACTS Til 11 iu ALL AGITATORS Republican A. P. Leased Wire JUAREZ, Dec. 5 Political agitators and plotters against the established government will by deported from Chi huahua City to the T'nited States by a decree similar to that issued in Mexico City deporting a number of former Ci rntiflco leaders. Thfs was made known tonight by passengers who arived from tlie capital city. Four prominent business men of Chi huahua City were recently released from prison there after being held in communicado for two days and their political activities investigated. Others were said to bo under surveillance and a deportation of all who were found to be implicated in the so-called new movement headed by Felix Diaz, Alma- znn and Zapata. All pro-German propaganda has been ordered stopped in Chihuahua City since the arrival of General Francisco Murgula these paasenges also stated. German merchants had been posting bulletins and maps showing German victories and these were ordered taken down. n Kanchers and other refugees from the El Valle, Namiquipa and San An tonio districts of western Chihuahua have arrived In Casa Grandes with their families in anticipation of the in vasion .of the country by Vila's forces. A strong Villa column was reported to night to have been seen moving in the direction of F.l Valle from Santa Clara canyon. Federal cavalry were also re poted to be in pursuit. Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 5. Direct sup ervision of coal contracts will be as sumed soon by the fuel administration. Regulations about to be issued provide that operators and wholesalers' con tracts must be submitted for approval and that none may be drawn to run for a period lunger than a year. Deliveries on all contracts will be re quired to start not later than six months after the contracts are drawn. Contracts will be subject to cancel lation at any time bv the fuel admin istration and must call for delivery of coal at government fixed prices at the time of delivery. Except that they do not have to be submitted to the fuel adm inistra.- tion for approval retailers' contracts are subject to the same regulations as mose ior operators and whole salers. lompiaints or high coal prices in many parts of the countrv drew from lr. Garfield today the statement that government control or fuel has gone far toward preventing runaway mark ets and that in many instances prices on domestic coal actually have been reduced. Bituminous prices have been cue aown, ne said, almost everywhere. lr. Garfield said he was not con. sidering licensing either coal operators or uuaieis ior trie- present. o RUMANIA NO SEPARATE PEACE Republican A. p. Leased Wire LONDOjf, Dec. 5. Quoting an Aus uiuciai statement concerning a Rumanian proposal for the negotia tion of an artnistice. a British official announcement tonight says: ."There is no tifuth whatever in this snametui statement. Bringing Denial A PACIFIC PORT. Dec. a. A mes sage from King Ferdinand of R,i mania declaring his country would never make a separate peace is be ing carried to President Wilson by members of the American Red Cross mission to Rumania, which landed ai a i-acitic port yesterday, accord ing to a statement hern tnniirht k Lieutenant Frank. Connes, interpreter itiu mission. CRUISER is BLOWN UP PERSHING AMES OF LD ACTION Republican A. P. Leased Wire v.urt.NHAGEN. Dec. KTt I. ported from Dragocr. at the southeast extremity of the Island of Amager that a German auxiliary cruiser, the guard ship Botnia was blown nn rt i lision with a German mine field off that coast. The cruiser sank, but the number of men lost is unknown, the ...... 'v"is iei using to give any informa vM. j ne jjomia was formerly a Rus vessel, wnicn was captured by Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 5. General Pershing today reported to . the war department the names of two men killed in action in France, seven men Severely wounded and four slightly wounded. The casualties occurred between November 12 and 17. (general Persh ing's tiessage gave no details but the men are believed to have been units occupying front line trenches in France. Those killed are: Corporal Virgil G. Winebrcnner, Marion, Ind. Private Peter W. Ojtalewicz, Chi cago. Those severely wounded are: Private John A. Viole, Reggio Cala bria, Italy. Sergeant Harvey ,. Habutne, Jamesville, Va, Private Darwin P. Kragle, St. James, Mo. Private Benjamin H. Love, Bran denberg, Ky. Private Paul Crabtree, Portsmouth,. Ohio. Private Andrew J. Hetsley, Rasp berry, Ark. . Private Lester Ritchey, Salem, O. The slightly wounded are: 'c Corporal Gus Perdue, New Boston, Illinois. Private David A. Saunders, Chicago. Private Mark C. DufeiAach, Hunt ingburg, Ind. Corporal Harvey O. Hall, Savannah, New York. FOR ATTEMPTED BRIBERY Republican A. P. Leased Wire LL J 'A SO, Dec. 5. Samuel Invito. an American of Austrian birth, from New York, was bound over to avait the action of the federal grand Jury late today by United States Commis sioner Samuel L. Kelly on a charge of having attempted to bribe a govern ment officer. Levitest was alleged to have offered Immigration Inspector Lewis Holzman $40 to permit his son to cross the International bridge to Mexico yesterday. His son David is being held for investigation in connec tion wit hthe selective draft. Zone System of Stock Shipments To Be Instituted Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. - 5. Congress cleared the way today for prompt re sponse to President Wilson's call for a declaration of war with Austria-Hungary. A joint resolution approved by the president and the state department declaring existence of a state of war between the United States and the Austro-Hungarian government from to-day noon, was introduced In the house and unanimously approved by the foreign affairs committee. It will be reported tomorrow for beginning of house debate on Friday, with final ac tion in the senate late this week or early next week probable. Conforming to the president s recom mendations the resolution, which au thorizes and directs employment of the nation's armed forces against Austria and pledges the country's resources to ictory. applies to Austria alone. Ger many's other allies, Turkey and Bul garia, are not mentioned. As perfected by the nouse commit tee and ordered reported without a dis senting vote, the resolution reads as follows: Whereas, the imperial and royal Austro-Hungarian government has severed diplomatic relations with the government of the United States of America, and has committed acts of war against the government and the people of the United States of America among which are its adherence to the policy of ruthless submarine warfare adopted by its ally, the Imperial Her man government with which the United States of America is at war. and by giving to its ally active support and aid on both land and sea in the prosecution of war against the govern ment and the people of the United States of America, therefore, be it, RESOLVED, by the senate and house of representatives of the United States of America in congress assembled, that a state of war be and is hereby de clared to exist and to have existed since noon of the fifth day of Decem ber 1917, between the United States of America and the imperial and royal Austro-Hungarian government; and that the president be, and he is here by, authorized and directed to employ the entire naval and military forces of the United States and the resources of the government to carry on war against the imperial and royal Austro-Hungarian government, and to bring the conflict to a successful termination, all the resources of the country are here by pledged by the congress of the Lnlted States. The senate foreign relations commit tee will consider the resolution infor mally tomorrow morning and Chairman Stone expects the committee to report to the senate, when it reconvenes Fri day. The senate -may on Friday begin consideration simultaneously with the house. .- Although sentiment remains strong in both branches of congress to have the war declaration extended to Tur key and Bulgaria, approval of the reso lution as it now stands is regarded as virtually certain. Senator Stone and , Representative Flood conferred with Secretary Lan sing and it was understood to be the secretary's conviction that no circum stances yet warrants action against Turkey and Bulgaria. Some officials still are said to hope that German dom ination of her lesser tools may yet be broken. , The arguments were so persuasive that in the two hours deliberations to day of the house foreign affairs com mittee on the Austrian war resolution only one member. Representative Mil ler of Minnesota, who recently returned from the western European war the ater voted for his proposal to include. Turkey and Bulgaria in the resolution On the final vote he joined with all others present in approving the Aus trian document. . The principal debate, and strongest demand for addition of Turkey and Bulgaria to the nation s formal foes, is expected in the senate. One day's de bate is expected to suffice in the house. Passage of the resolution by an overwhelming vote before adjournment of the house Friday is expected. SIXTEEN SHIPS SUNK WEEK Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. Deo. 5. After suc cessful operation at Kansas City since November 12, the zone system for live stock shipments will be instituted at Chicago, the food administration an nounced tonight, beginning December 10. The plan worked out to relieve war-time terminal congestion, has solved a problem that has bothered livestock dealers and transportation experts for twenty years. Under the zone system livestock ter ritory adjacent to the receiving centers Is divided so that shipments are equal ized throughout six cays of the week. Each zone has a shipping day and is not permitted to move its stock on other days. The plan has stabilized prices as well as receipts. For more than two generations it has been the custom to ship livestock to market largely on Mondays and Tuesdays. The result has been con gested tracks and receiving pens and fluctuating prices. o . TITANIC in mm and STRUGGLE PREPA S SEEM IN ITALY Dual Monarchy Ready For Peace With Honor TO UN ROADS IN WARTI1 Republican A. P. Leased Wire AMSTERDAM, Dec. 5 A dispatch received here from Vienna quotes Em peror Charles of Austria-Hungary as saying in an address to an Austro German delegation that the dual mon archy is ready at any time to conclude peace that wouldf guarantee the in tegrity of the monarchy. He added, however, that his country would not cease fighting until its enemies re nounced their intentions of dismember ing it. "The glorious successes of our arm ies and fleet," said Emperor Charles, "fill us with patriotic pride. After a glorious defense of our positions we are now, as before, "ready at any time to conclude an honorable peace which guarantees the existence and integrity of the monarchy. "Guided by this idea we greeted with joyful satisfaction the noble minded intervention of the Pope and will in the future neglect no opportunity to end as soon as possible the costly and great sacrifice the war is causing. "In the spirit of these intentions our government has declared its readiness to accept the Russian government's invitation to enter into negotiations for a general peace. May the blessings of the Almighty rest upon this work for peace and restore the peoples of Europe to a state of reconciliation and mutual trust. "The sorely tried Russian people may be sure that we sincerely desire to re store our former friendly relations with them. "On the other hand, we must regard it our sacred duty not to lay down the sword which plunder-seeking and ra pacious neighbors forced into uor hands until our enemies unequivocally have disavowed their mad plans of dismem berment and oppression. "We will remain the masters In our own house. Our alliance with the German empire has been gloriously strengthened by our victorious march southwest. Our most cordial and fra ternal relations binds us to the pro gressive Bulgarian people. I confi dently hope a period of fresh prosperity and secure development awaits the ' closely allied Ottoman empire." Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Dec. 5. Sixteen' British merchantmen of more than 1,600 tons were sunk by mines or submarines in the past week, according to the ad miralty statement tonight One vessel under 1,600 tons and four fishing ves sels also were sunk. The losses to British shipping by mine or submarine the previous week comprised fourteen merchantmen of 1,600 tons or over and seven of less than that tonnage. REBELS TAKE CHANGKING Republican A. P. Leased Wire PEKING, Dec. 5. Rebels have taken the city of Changking. Panic exists there. Japanese marines have landed to protect foreigners. Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 5. Immediate action to effect national unification of the railroads, either by government operation or by suspension for the war of anti-trust and anti-pooling laws, a federal loan and regulation of security issues to permit more effective volun tary co-operation, was recommended today by the interstate commerce com mission in a special report to con gress. Neither plan was specifically en dorsed, but an implication that the majority believed the railroads might successfully work out their own unifi cation, prompted Commissioner Mc Chord to submit a separate report em phatically urging government control and saying "the strong arm of gov ernment authority is essential if the transportation system is to be radical ly improved." Any voluntary pooling plan would fail to meet war exigencies, he declared, because of the unavoid able influence of selfishness among roads. There was no disagreement as to the proposition that competition among the railroads must be diminished, if not al together eliminated, to prevent a seri ous breakdown of transportation facil ities under the war s strain. The railroads' own proposed Solu tion for the difficulties an increase. iu rates in order to attract capital was characterized as entirely inadequate by the commission. Even with more funds the report said the shortage of equip ment could not be remedied materially because of the inability of industries to manufacture it. Doubt, also was expressed whether sufficient capital would be attracted in view of the flotation of such enormous quantities of government war securities. These considerations led the com mission to what it considered an inevit able conclusion that a high state of efficiency could be maintained for the railroads only by thorough co-operation, elimination of duplication of routes and other elements of expense and energy and elimination of the economic waste which comes from competition. This would mean, it was pointed out, a complete reconstruction of the policies under which railroads have been developed. If the alternative of government op eration under the direction of the presi dent be adopted, said the commission, suitable guaranty of an adequate an nual return should bo given, with, pro vision by which the roads could re imburse the government for improve ments after the properties are returned to private owners. The only hint of the commission's attitude toward the railroad's pending application for fifteen per cent higher rates, was given in an assertion that the roads are entitled to demand just and reasonable rates, nufficient to yield fair returns, and the comment that al though railway earnings in the past year have broken all records, the pur chasing power of the earnings is great ly decreased. Steps taken by the railroad board two weeks ago to pool cars, operate roads somewhat as a unit by load ing facilities of one to another, were recognized by Commissioner MeChord in his supplementary reports as valu able, but he maintained they were only hair way measures. He said the rail roads now are taking orders from too many government agencies the inter state commerce commission, the war industries boards, priority director and the war and navy departments, the shipping board and the fuel and food administrations. As a result the con flict of orders and priority, he said. "Railroad operation is approaching a chaotic condition." If President Wilson does not elect to take over and operate the railroads, Commissioner MeChord declared, the next best plan would be to enact leg- DUPLICATIONS TO BE ALLIED NATIONS BRAZILIANS WILL STUDY MUNITIONS Republican A. P. Leased Wire While for the moment there are no infantry operations of great mag nitude in progress on any of the battle fronts, indications are not wanting that shortly the Cambrai sector in France and the northern line in the Italian theater will again witness titanic struggles with the Austro-Hungarians and the Germans the aggressors. Already the Germans in the Cam brai region have brolight up rein forcements with the object of blotting out the salient driven into their hue by General Byng's intrepid dash, a small portion of which they have re conquered but at a fearful price. In Italy, along the Sette Comuni and the Asiago plateau, enemy guns of all calibers have opene dfire on the Italian positions and several hill positions have been captured In small attacks. Both before Cambrai and in the Italian region the allied armies are awaiting with complacency the enemy's assaults. While near" Cambrai It is conceded that the British will be forced by reason of the dangerous salient held by the enemy in their line to some what straighten out their front., op timism is expressed that on the whole General Byng's forces will be able to give a good accounting for any attacks the enemy may launch. ,iiKewise the menace of a dash by Austro-Germans out upon the the Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Dec. 5. Consideration of the question of man power for the prosecution of the war was one of the important matters taken up by the inter-allied conference in Paris, it be came known today when the official summary of the results of the confer ence was made public. In the permanent committee which will handle this problem the United States will be represented, it having been- decided by the conference that the United States should appoint dele gates to participate in the deliberations of the committee. The conference decided to create an international organization to coordinate utilization of transport facilities. In this way, without hampering the em ployment of lie various nations' re sources, it planned for them to re strict their imports to permit as much tonnage as. possible to be released for carrying of American troops. The con ference provided for an inter-allied committee to carry out the decisions of the body with regard to unity of action in the production of war manufactures such as armament and airplanes by way of avoiding duplications and for specialization by the various nations in the branches of production for which they are best fitted. The statement issued by the inter allied conference in Paris is as follows: "The various committees constituted by the inter-allied conference dealt as a whole with the technical question of the conduct of the war, the details of which cannot be published. However, at the conclusion of their deliberations, the committee decided to publish the following resolutions: "The financial section, meeting un der the presidency of Louis Klotz (French minister of finance) held num erous sittings in the course ot wnicn the various financial questions inter esting to the allies were succesively examined. At the end of its labors this section unanimously adopted the fol lowing resolution: " 'The delegates of the allied powers in the financial section consider it de sirable, with a view to co-ordinating their efforts, to meet regularly in order to draw plans for the payment of lia bilities and the settlement of loans and rates of exchange and thus assure con certed action.' "Oscar T. Crosby (assistant secre tary of the treasury of the United States) and M. Klotz told the section HINDU CONSPIRATORS ADMIT THEIR GUILT Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN FRNCISCO, Dec. C Sensa tional developments marked the trial of the defendants in the so-called Hindu conspiracy plot here today in the United States district court. Three of the mose prominent de fendants unexpectedly substituted pleas of guilty for not guilty and had the dates for imposition of sentence set: United States Attorney Preston asked that defendants now out on bail be remanded into custody; the Hindu defendants created an uproar over what they alleged was the inaccurate translation of the of ficial Hindu interpreter and a new witness gave testimony purporting to show the activities of Berlin officials in aiding in the alleged plot to over throw British rule in India. The defendants who withdrew their pleas of not guilty were: Lieutenant Wilhelm von Brine-ken?- former mili tary attache of the German consulate consul at Honolulu, and former presi dent of the Hawaiian Sugar Plant ers' association, and H. A. Schroeder, who succeeded Roedek at Honolulu. Attorneys for the three defendants explained that the facts surrounding their cases differ materially from those of the other defendants. Roedek and Shroeder are to be sentenced December 22; von Brincken next Monday. . In requesting that the defendants now out on bail be taken into cus tody, the government's prosecutor said that they were being annoyed and that attempts had been made to approach them. Decision in the mat ter was .postponed until tomorrow pending the appearance of a witness for the prosecution. Open reiteration by the Hindu de fendants of their ' charges that ' the testimony 'was not being translated correctly, brought cries of "that is not right," "the conversation is being repeated wrong, and "this is not Jus- republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK, Dec. 5. A commission sent by the government of Brazil to make a study of American munition factories during the next year or eigh teen months with a view to enabling the latin republic to expand her am munition manufacturing facilities to meet her war needs arrived in this city today. The members, eight army officers and one civilian, plan to go to Wash ington early next ' week to be intro duced to President Wilson. A tour will be made of American cit ies where munitions are made. Purchase of powder, machineg uns. small arms and ammunition for Bra zil's army and navy will be one of the purposes of the mission, it was stated. but the chief object is the eventual de velopment of bo many munition making plants in. Brazil. that foreign Orders will not have to be placed.' These factories probably: will be modeled after those in the United States. Captain Marcolino . Fagundes, a member of the mission, said that while Brazilian warships probably would stay on the American side of. the Atlantic, it would not be surprising if Brazilian troops take their place on the battle front in Europe. TRAIN GOES IN. DITCH CASPER, Wyo., Dec. 5. One man was killed and -two were seriously in jured in a wreck of train number 30 on the Chicago, Burlington and Qulncy railroad near Lysite, Wyo., tonight. A student engineer named Carson was the man who was killed. Engineer D. T. Amend's legs were broken and an other engineer named Smith, was se verely scalded. The wreck occurred six miles from Lysite. Details of the acci dent are unknown here. Superinten- dent Allen has gone to the scene of the wrecK on a special train. EIGHT DIE IN EXPLOSION (Continued on Page Three) Republican A. P. Leased Wire PITTSBURG. Dec. 5. Eight men were killed, two are missing and more than- 25 were injured, many of them seriously, late today by an explosion that wrecked the "T. N. T." plant of the Aetna Chemical company at Heid elberg, a suburb. The explosion did damage estimated at $250,000 to the plant and shattered windows in factor ies and homes for a radius of nearly two miles. All of the dead and injured are employes of the company. The cause of the explosion has not been determined. FEDERAL MEDIATI ON if END TWIN CITY TRACTION FUSS (Continued on Page Three) here; George Roedek, former German tice." An uprotr in court followed. The stores are all ready for your Christmas buying:. They have great stocks of wonderful gifts. All are well displayed for your selection and the varieties are greater than ever. To buy early is a gift you c.i make the store folks as well as affording you a better opportunity for selections. See the Christmas Ads Every Day in The Republican. Republican A. P. Leased Wire ST. PAUL Minn., Dec. 5. Hopeful j of federal mediation in the dispute be tween the Twin City car lines and some of their employes, representatives of more than 200. local unions late today voted to adjourn their convention and thus do away, temporarily at least, with the possibility of what would be in effect a general sympathetic strike. After telegraphing Secretary of War Baker that federal mediation would be welcome, the convention leaders de cided to await his reply before putting into effect the proposed "indefinite convention" and the men were ordered to return to work tomorow, subject to call December II, should the differences not be settled to the carmen's satisfac tion.. In the meantime no demonstra tions of any kind and no strike vote will be taken, according to J. M. Clan cy president of the St. Paul -ades and Labor Assembly. Dispatches from .Washington indi cated that the war department would consider action. It was said that the suggested "in definite convention" would result in a tie-up of war industries of various sorts here as well , as the important shops of big transcontinental railroads and that the war department was di rectly interested in a settlement of the troubles. The street car service w-as declared to be within 88 per cent of normal in the twin cities, though company offi cials admitted that 500 men had joined the walkout due to their refusal to abide by the safety commission's order directing the disuse of union buttons. Ten days ago the company locked out its union employes by refusing cars to men who wore buttons Some addresses described as "fiery' were made by speakers at today's meeting, who included representatives of the Non-Partisan League ana May ors Van Lear of Minneapolis and Irvln Of St. Paul. All, however, cautioned the men against violence and no dis order of any kind was reported to have followed the meeting. All saloons have been closed since yesterday afternoon. . Home guards were on duty at car barns and other strategic points. plans of Venetia has been provided ior oy the reinforcement of the Italians with British and French troops and guns. If Field Marshal von Hoetzendorf, commander of the enemy troops should be able to breach the line and gain his objec tive, it will be only arter one of the most sanguinary encounters of the war. In Mesopotamia the British and Russian troops nave carried out a successful operation against the Turks but just where, has not been stated. This has significance, inas much as it is the tiiet report of the fighting of the Russians with the British in this region since they formed a junction after the British captured Bagdad. Although a British official announce ment characterizes as a "shameful statement" the reports from Berlin and Vienna that Rumania nas proposed to enter into negotiations for an armis tice with the Teutonic' allies, both Ber lin and Vienna reiterated that nego tiotions are in progress. Submarines or mines were respon sible for the sinking last week of six teen British merchantmen of more than i.b'JU tons. each, as compared with 14 the previous week. Only one vessel under 1,600 tons was sent to the bot tom, however, as compared with seven the previous week- Germans Are Inactive WITH THE BRITISH ARMY TM FRANCE, Dec. 5 The Germans today still were inactive along the most of the new battle front. Fighting was in progress around a fortified farm north of Havincourt after an enemy attack in the morning, but no other offensive developed against the British line up iu noon. There had been rumors of an at tack south of Marcoing, but it did not materialize; it is possible it has been postponed because of the heavy casual ties suffered by von Hindenbuig's forces Monday. The Germans doubtless hone to misli back the british line and recapture the front between La Vacquerie and Marcoing. The sharD salient which General Byng is holding about Bour lon wood has given rise to interesting niiuiary proDiems. me British have held this line against repeated heavv attacks but there is no gainsaying that it s a aimcult position to maintain and it is considered that the British front would be considerably stronger wmiuut it. The weed is filled with pools of water, over which the gas from shells hangs some times for 24 hours. In ad dition the German guns are abie ti reach it from mwy directions owing to ,1 V. ri : . I. .. 1; mo uciiu in (.lie line. There is an interesting report that a few British cavalrymen actually en tered tne town ot Cambrai at the be ginning of General Byng's offensive. They were in small numbers, how ever, and were withdrawn immediately, as they were far in advance of the main body. The enemy had brought in two fresh divisions to the Marco ing area. There is no indication that General von der Marwitz's great offensive has been abandoned and the presence of further fresh infantry divisions in the Cambrai area shows that the enemy has not yet lost hope of inflicting a sharp defeat on the British. The Brit ish line now is very strongly held and can withstand any sledge hammer pressure and the anxiety the natural effect of the first two days onslaught. has been followed by a feeling of cheerfulness and complete confidence. The number of British batteries has been greatly increased and their ac curate counter shelling of the enemy's strong artillery groups east of tha Scheldt has effectively reduced their activity. The British airmen in clear weather continue to dominate completely the German aircraft and bomb marching (Continued on' Page Three) Western Producers Protest Against Silver Price Fixing 1 rttpubutan A. V. ceased Wire , SALT LAKE CITY, Dec. 5. A vigor ous protest against government price fixing for other than patriotic reasons and an appeal to congress for convic tion of inequalities in the excess prof its tax law were embodied in resolu tions unanimously adopted today by metal producers from six western states in conference here. After some consideration by special committees and limited discussion on the floor, the convention voted to take no action with reference to lead and zinc until such time as the government attitude indicated that the fixing of the prices of these products was under consideration. The sense of the meet ing was that should such an oeaasion arise, the convention would favor ac tion similar to that recommended in the resolution bearing on the silver question. The convention voted lo form a per manent committee composed of two or more delegates from each western state interested in the metaL industry to present the metal producers' case be fog the proper authorities in Washing ton December 14. The delegates are to be appointed by the mining organizations of the re spective states represented at the con ference and other western states will be invited to take similar action. The committee is to make its headquarters at the quarters of the American mine congress at Washington. A telegram was sent to Secretary McAdoo at the close of the conference setting forth briefly the action taken by the convention and advising him that the committee would be in Wash ington December 14 to discuss the matter fully.