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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL M'TVlVvmir TT-iiimiT -ti.i i t 12 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 12, 1917 12 PAGES VOL. XXYILL, NO. 205 RIOTING i NEGROES HANGEDi ! i Efficiency and Cleanliness Is Slogan Of Arizona Boys Training At Camp Funston n- Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN ANTONIO, Tex.. Dec. Thirteen negroes soldiers of the L'4th 1 nited Stall's Infantry, were hanged to death simultaneously at dawn today in expiation of their murder of Houston citizens last August when members of that regiment engaged In mutinous ri oting ill the city's streets. In the dark of the night, army motor trneks con veyed the lumber for the scaffold to a 1'ttle clearing in ;i lonely mesquite 'hlcket on the biK government reserva '.ifiti where the negroes, convicted by court martial, were to die. And there, by the. light of bonfires, army engineers erected the death trans to which at five o'clock in the morn ing, other motor trucks hurried the rondemncd negroes and the officers unit men of the military guard. It. was tne army motor truck, the inly incident made this military exe cution different from previous ones, that enabled the officers In charge to keep secret the time and the place of the hanging.. It was the army truck that so quickly obliterated all traces of the execution and carried the dead Hollies to a place nearby which is as indistinguishable as the execution site, before official announcement had been made ns to how the order of the court martial had been carried out and that Hie following men had paid the ulti mate penally: Sergeant William C. Xesbitt. Corporal Lanmn J. Brown, Corporal James Wheatley Corporal esse Moore. Corporal Charles W. Bal timore, Private W illiam Krackenridge, Private Thomas C. Hawkins. Private Carlos Snodgrass. Private Ira I!. Davis, Private James Ivins. Private Frank Johnson. Private Rislev W. Young, Private Pat MacWhorter. The bonfire illumination for the hanging just as tlie sky was streaking with Kiev through the morning clouds, the bleak landscape of dull grey and bronze against vv.iich the nevv timbers of the rough sc.-.ffold stood out. the Khaki-clad military guards, officers with coat collars upturned against the cold, made an unforgettable picture. Hut now one mivht tramp for hours over the brush-covered acres of the military reservation without finding either execution site or burial place i hough the hanging occurred not more than a hundred yards from bath houses which have been built near a swim ming pool in the Salado creek for men nf the national army cantonment at amp Travis. The condemned negroes hart known or their fate since Sunday. Twelve of them sought spiritual consolation of army T. M. C. A. workers. Outwardly all of the negroes were stoical. They oid not know the date of the execution hut last night they were taken from the cavalry guard house where they na neen prisoners more than a month, and placed in separate bar- raeks. Aside from a dozen officers of the southern department and the sheriff of Hexar county, no one in the citv or ar my camps knew of the execution date :r place. The other negro defendants were ignorant of the fate of their com panions until after the formal nouncement had been made. The condemned men were aroused this morning a few minutes before regular army reveille, .:.!" o'clock. The military guard had been -sum inonen silently and no Hound was heard in the camp where nearly 40,000 men were sleeping, except the pur ring ot tlie army truck mo!oi.-i awaiting their loads. The negroes nrre dressed in their regular uni rorms as carefully as for ipsic. i io'l. The negroes executed displayed neither bravo nor fear. They rode to the execution singing a hymn out the singing was as lhat :f sol 1iers on the march. Arrivin; at tin -learing. the singing stopped, thi men. shackled, were helped fioin the trucks to the scaffords and sealed on r-hairs. A low "good bye, boys," ad tressed to members of their military guard who had been in charge of the negroes since they were brought here from Fort Bliss, was the only pression from any of the negroes. The men's feet were shackled. An army chaplain offered prayer. An ameer called "attention and as on parade, the negroes stood erect. They stood quietly while caps and nooses were adjusted and then stepped on the traps. The major in charge of the execution gave a signal and so diers sprung the traps. The negroes plunged nine feet to instant death. Even after the execution and after the return or the guard to the camp, news of what had happened did not sptead through the camp or through the city until announced by the news papers, it created some demonstra tions among negroiv who had fol lowed the progress o i trial In the nature of "mournin; t a few ne- ever, were small. No announcement has been made when the 41 negro defendants given life sentences by the court martial will be taken to Port Leaven worth.. Of the others, four were sentenced to dishonorable discharge from the army, forfeiture of all pay and al- i i RELIEF FROM COLD I 1 WAVE IS TEMPORARY DENVER. Dec. 11 P.elief from the cold wave which overspread the Kocky .Mountain region Satur day and Sunday was only tem porary, according to tonight's fore- i cast of the local weather bureau predicting another cold wave ac ' companied by snow for northern ! Utah, northeastern Colorado and j Wyoming. The storm area will I strike Colorado tomorrow, accord j ing to tlie forecast, followed by a considerable drop in temperature by night and a further decline Thursday in northern Colorado with fair weather probable in the southern part of the state. SANTA BARBARA FIRST MANAGER (Special to The Republican) SANTA BAP.R.'RA. ' al.. Dec. 11 rem more than three hundred appli cations received from 'almost everv part of the I'nited States, the city council elect today unanimously se lected Robert A. Craig, of Phoenix. Arizona, as the first city manager of Santa Barbara. The selection of the Arizona man followed weeks of careful tnd painstaking investigation ot the qualifications of those who appeared at all fitted for the position. The record of Mr. Craig as manager of the capital of Arizona, a position he has held for several years, convinced the council- men elect they could make no better choice. His salary, it is understood. will be $7,500 per year, $2,500 more than he is receiving in Phoenix. A new charter providing for the managerial form of government was adopted last February and a city coun cil of five members was elected two months ago. The new councilmen will assume the first Monday in January. The new council has been meeting fre quently since election, discussing the new machinery of city government called for under the new charter. Par ticular attention has been given to the selection of a manager. About a month ago Manager Craig came from Phoenix and went over the situation here thoroughly, following which he filed a formal application for the position. It was known that he was a strong favorite from the start, and while other candidates appeared person, it was understood the Phoenix man continued to be the choice. hen the matter came to a final vote he was unanimously chosen. L'nder the new charter the city coun cil has the power to fix the salary of the city manager. While no official announcement was made today, it is known that the Phoenix man let it be understood he would not consider the change for a salary less than $7,500. A coincidence in connection with the choice of a Phoenix man for the posi tion of first city manager of this city, is that it is expected that Councilman- elect Charles E. Phoenix will be elected mayor by his four associates at the first meeting in January. Aftir creditably discharging the duties of city manager of Phoenix since lM.'i. Robert A. Craig will resign the position tomorrow evening when the citv commission meets, preparatory to accepting a higher salaried post as head of the municipal government in Santa Barbara, California, which has recently adopted the same plan as that in vogue here. Mr. Craig was elected for the iin portant station after more than 300 ap 1'iicaiions er. received from various parts or tne L nited Stales in response to a call sent out bv the city officials of Santa Barbara for a man to become the city's first city manager. Declin Ing to make his application for the post on tne strength of the circulars sent 'Continued on Page Two) (Continued on Page Two) GILA GETS BEHIND BIGY.W.C, ft. I E VV i In speaking yesterday of his recent visit to Camp Funston, Dwight B. Heard stated: "There are two remarkable things about Camp Funston; one is the im mense improvements in camp condi tions since I was there a month ago, and the second thing that particu larly impressed me is the magnifi cent spirit and fine condition of the men from Arizona. "We now have Arizona boys at Camp Funston. Of these 1120 are in the 40th artillery. The total strength of this regiment under the present regulations, is 1 4 2:1 men, so that the 340th comes very close to being an Arizona regiment at pres ent. Adjustments are now going for ward in the- strength of the various regiments to meet actual conditions at the front in France. "Col. E. H. Yule, commanding the 340th artillery, is a fine type of the regular army officer. He has been in the I'nited States service over twenty years, and from years of practical experience in the field, knows how to take care of his men, shows a fatherly interest in the Ari zona boys, and his slogan, which is observed throughout the entire quar ters of the .'140th, is 'efficiency and cleanness.' 1 feel that the people of Arizona are to be congratulated on having their boys under the charge of a man of Col. Vule's thorough going, rugged type. 1 had intended to spend but one day in Camp Funston, but at Col. Yule's suggestion stopped over for an extra day and accompanied him on his daily tour of inspection, ob taining a thorough idea of camp con ditions, the work which is laid out for the men, and the fine spirit in which they performed this work. I ate at the mes both with the men and the officers. The food in both cases is excellent and practically the same. On the evening of the first day of my visit Col. Yule assembled the regiment and I had the oppor tunity of telling them of the real Interest of the welfare service card plan which has been worked out by the council of defense with the co operation of the Red Cross, and I am glad to state that all of the cards for the men in the 340th regi ment are now in the hands of the state council of defense; copies will be distributed to the various coun ties to the end that the service di vision of the P.ed Cross, wherever such divisions exist, otherwise, the county councils of defense, will promptly assist any dependents in any case of need; will also help them in filling out promptly the necessary blanks which will be sent in connec tion with the new compensation act of the government, so that any com pensation furnished by the govern ment in connection with the allot ment made by the men in service may reach the dependent family without a cent of deduction. "It was inspiring to look into the faces of this really wonderful group of men in the 340th regiment; to see what a pride they take in tlie uniform, and it was stimulating when I quoted President Wilson', recent statement, 'Our present and immediate task is to win this war and nothing shall turn us aside until it is accomplished,' to hear the unanimous cheer that greeted this ringing statement of the president. "Through the courtesy of Col. Yule I then had the opportunity of meet ing all the officers of the regiment, who are an excedingly fine, up standing bunch of men and seem to appreciate the fine material they have in the men from Arizona. The only Arizona man who is at pres ent a commissioned ofifcer is J. Wilson Getsinger. "Camp Funston is so laid out that every regiment is like a ward in a big city. For instance the men in the 340th have their own central steam plant, barracks, bathing es tablishments, regimental exchange, hospital, officers' headquarters, and postoffice: in fact form a complete, well organized community organized for just one thing efficient mtlitarv service. ''While I was there a number nf barracks were quarantined owing to attacks of measles. I talked with the surgeon in charge of the 340th very iranhiy as to the spinal menin gitis, of which some cases had been reported Irom Camp Funston, and uunseu uy mm mat tnis mat ter had been receiving the closest care of the medical department and was now apparently under thorough control, with no new cases develop ing. In going through the hospital ward, I found the men were being well cared for and everywhere there was the indication that everything that could possibly be done was be ing done by the officers in charge to safeguard the health of the nan and prevent the spread of disease of every character. "The moral conditions of the camp are excellent. No dives are located any where near Camp Funston, and General Wood, who ha been in com mand since the opening of the camp, has instilled into both office.' uni men, a feeling of pride in the cpmp and of self respect on tli" part of the men, which is very evident to a visitor. "The entertainment of the men Is being well taken ore f and a group or amusement bull Jiu.i is 'Jt . ing constructed at an expense of about $75,000 where everv ki'n.f of wholesome amusement will be of fered the men at moderate prices. These various establishments will be handled through government con- More Beans Are Burned; Officers Working on Case Third in the series of bean fires which have occurred in this valley un der most suspicious circumstances, a big stack of unthreshed beans was burned last night on the ranch of Dr. S. D. Tuttle a mile north of Glendale. It is estimated that the loss may reach $4,000. The fire started at 9 o'clock last night and the entire crop of beans from 20 acres on the Tuttle ranch was de stroyed before the fire was brought un der control. This third fire brings the total lost in burned beans stacked in the fields up to many thousands of dollars and in each case it is believed that, the fire was incendiary in nature. Glendale officers at once started working on the case but admit that clues are wanting to enable them to work effectively. The sheriffs office was also notified and an officer from that department went at once to the scene of the fire. OIL SHIP AFIRE AT HALIFAX SEVEN NEW NAMES mm) TO LIST OF MISSING FROM DESTROYER JACOB JONES Wilson Jlcoholic Confetti f Beer Reduced (Republican Associated Press Leased Wire) WASHINGTON, Dec. 11. President Wilton tonight issued a proclama tion reducing the alcoholic content of beer brewed after January 1, 1918, to two and three-quarters per cent by weight, and prohibiting the use in the manufacture of malt liquors of more than seventy per cent of the average amount of foods fruits, food materials and feeds used in such manufacture during the on year period ending on that date. ' After January 1, the proclamation provides no person shall use any food, fruits, food materials or feed in the production of malt liquor unless he se cures a license to do so and complies with rules and regulations that will here after be issued governing the production of such liquor and its alcoholic con tent and no person shall import any such liquor except under license to be issued by the treasury department. ARTILLERY HJK THE ENTIRE WEST 1 OT tRepubllcan A. P. Leased Wire HALIFAX, N. S.. Dec. 1 1. With complete disregard for their own lives, in an effort to save this desolated city from another catastrophe, a group of Dartmouth citizens early today boarded a steamsnip said to have been laden with munitions, which was afaire and was being abandoned by her crew. The vessel carried a deckload of oil and a3 she came in close to shore with the smoke pouring from her super structure, the sight of her fleeing crew stirred the watchers ashore to prompt action. A volunteer fire fighting force was quickly organized and the burning ship was boarded. After hard work the flames were extinguished. Since the explosion on the Mont Blanc, crews of French munition ves sels are reported to be unwilling to enter Halifax harbor. According to statements obtained to day from survivors of the Norwegian steamer Imo which collided with the Mont Blanc, the latter ship flew no red flag to indicate that she carried a cargo of explosives. They also de clared they were not aware that the Mont Bianc was munitions-laden and that when they saw her crew running away tiiey thought it was due to the fire and not fear of an explosion. They asserted tne Mont Blanc was coming into the harbor on the w rong side w hen the collision occurred. Hope was abandoned today for sixty men who were loading provisions on the steamer Picton at the Acadi sugar refinery at the time of the disaster. As the shock came, the pier to which the ship was moored collapsed and it is believed the sixty men were buried in the ruins. An unidentified man was found among the ruins today. He had been caught between two beams at the North street railway station, and be yond a few bruises, was unhurt. It is presumed the man had been uncon scions most of the time since Thurs day. When placed on his feet he ap peared dazed and asked what had hap pened. At the request of the city board of control, the military authorities will place a mounted patrol on the de stroyey area to suppress looting. One woman reported to the police taht while unconscious she was robbed of $100. The city's workers today began the task of clearing the streets of thou sands of tons of broken glass. Inter ments took place all day at the ceme teries. The American hospital and relief units were working full blast today. Enough supplies had been received to relieve distress and the homeless discarded the burned and tattered gar ments they had been wearing since the munition ship exploded and felt warm and comfortable again in good clothes A trip through the hospital zone showed that facilities were adequate for a city the size of Halifax. American surgeons are still picking broken fragments from the faces, eyes and heads of hundreds, many of whom may be marked for life or blind. At Bellevue hospital surgeons took stock today and found that glass wounds predominated. The situation of the injured is the best possible, the general committee has announced, and the task of re construction Is going forward in a manner which would indicate that in Republican A. P. Leased Wirt Along the entire western front from the north to the Adriatic sea. artillery duels of great magnitude are being fought which doubtless are the fore runners of the expected great offensive the Teutonic allies have in view be fore the American troops can reach the battle fronts In great numbers. On the Ypres and Arras fronts held by the British, on various sectors east ward from St. Quentin to Alsace, in the hill country bordering the ltilian 1 lains and at points along the Piave river the big guns everywhere are in operation. On the British front huge nuiiibers of airplanes are continually engaged in battles in the air, or searching on: points where troops are being concen trated. The only infantry activity taking place on any of the fronts is in the nature of raiding operations. rue Teutons daily continue to re inforce bv large numners their already superior forces on all the fronts. . In the rush of troops and munitions to the theater in which the British are operating one German train is reported to have collided with another, resulting in a great explosion In which several hundred soldiers were" killed. Between the Brenta and Piave rivers on the northern front in Italy, the ar tillery fighting is described by the Rome war office as intense and there is similar activity in the coastal re gion near the mouth of the Piave, where the Austrians Monday captured a position in the Capo Sile region but later were driven out with heavy losses in killed and men made prisoner. In Russia the counter revolutionary movement headed by General Kaledi nes is growing in strength. Realizing the seriousness of the situation, consid erable forces of troops from the Rus sian front are being rushed from the trenches to give battle to Kaledines' Cossacks. The situation in Moscow, which is held by the Bolsheviki is said to be serious. Unofficial advices say street fighting has occurred there and that the garrison Is showing signs of mu tiny against the BoTievlki who have placed machine guns in the streets to combat a threatened uprising. Starva tion- Is menacing the populace of the city. Effron Warehouse Bums, Resulting In $14,000 Loss A loss amounting to approximate ly 14.000 attended the complete de struction by fire of a corrugated iron warehouse belonging to the M. Ef fron Company, hides, fur and junk dealers, 1009 East Madison street shortly after midnight today. There was no insurance on the building or contents. The origin of the flames is un known to fire department officials, wbo declare It was well under way before the alarm was sounded, which contributes to one theory that it was incendiary. Another version is that the flames started from spontane ous combustion. The firemen were handicapped in combatting the flames, not only by the tardy turning in of the alarm, bui the considerable distance from which it was necessary to stretch the hose, no fire plugs having been located nearby. The alarm was received at 12.33 o'clock and an hour and a half later the firemen were still battling with the smouldering flames. The building was stocked with hides, furs, rubber, and all sorts of junk. In the bottom of the first floor were pits in which rawhide and leather were tanned. Here the fire was most difficult to combat, the cnemicais in tne pits contributing to the intensity of the blaze. o SHIPLOAD OF SUPPLIES Republican A. P. Leased Wire BOSTON, Dec. 11. A second ship load of supplies for the relief of Hali fax was assembled in this city tonight in readiness to go forward tomorrow. The cargo, valued at about $75,000, was gathered by the Massachusetts relief committee. The proposed relief fund of $1,000,000 from the people or Massa chusetts has reached a total of $208.-229. Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 11. Seven men not previously known to have been aboard the torpedoed destroy er Jacob Jones were added to the destroyer's list of known missing in a dispatch to the navy depart ment tonight from Vice Admiral Sims. The message also named four members of the crew who were not aboard when the ship was lost, and five others not listed as missing and who possibly had been transferred to anotner vessel before the Jones started on her last cruise. The number of missing enlisted men was given as 65, or approxi mately the number given tn earlier dispatches. The seven added to the known Rogers, fireman, fireman, fireman, yeoman, gunner's missing are: George F. H. Lowell, Mass. James Cummings, seaman, Kan- sat City, Mo. William T. Giffard, Dayton, Ohio Henry J. Lacombe, Hinckley, N. Y. Eugene J. Morgan, Washington, D. C. James S. Fitzgerald, mate, Augusta, Maine. Leon J. Wetzel, seaman, Winona, Minn. The four who were not aboard when the destroyer went down were Lillicus F. Develbish, gunner's mate; Jeremiah Downing, machin ittt's mate; Cornelius A. Lane, seaman and James F. McManus, fireman. The five men who were on the latest muster roll of the Jacob Jones but not mentioned among the Missing are Thomas Emilinszen, gunner's mate; Frederick A. Mar shall, seaman; Ralph Hanson Rog ers, seaman; Emmet Roscoe Smith, machinist's mate and Milton Laar Snyder, gunner's mate. Late tonight Admiral Sims cabled the names of the sixty-five dead or missing men. The list includes all men mentioned in previous dis patches as members of the ship's company, except those already re ported saved and those who were not on the vessel at the time of its destruction.. It also includes the members of the crew who were not on the roster on file at the navy department. First Clash Reported IXDON. Dec. 12. A Reuter dis patch from Petrograd dated Monday says the Pravda announces the first collision between the Maximalist troops and from three to four thousand troops uncer General Koriuloff, armed with machine guns, st Tamanovka station, 28 versts from Bielgorod. A rteuter dispatch from Petrograd quotes Ijeon Trotzky, the Bolsheviki CONDUCTOR KUNWALD RESIGNS Republican A. P. Leased Wire CINCINNATI. O.. Dec. 1 1. Resigna tion of Dr. .1. Ernst Kunwald. as con ductor of Cincinnati symphony orches tra was accepted by the board of di rectors today. At the same time it was announced that Walter Henry Rothwell will conduct the concerts Friday afternoon and Saturday night as guest conductor. It was reported here tonight that the arrest of Dr. Kun wald on Saturday on the charge ot being an alien enemy was done under the authority of the United States at torney general, but without the spe cific knowledge of the attorney gen eral, the case being handled with others by a subordinate official of the de partment of justice. GOVERNOR VISITS CAMP TODAY (Continued on Page Two) DEMING. X. M., Dec. 11. Governor Peter Norbeck of South Dakota ar rived at Camp Cody today to visit the national guardsmen from his state sta tioned here. He was accompanied by Attorney General J. E. Mather. They are guests of Colonel J. E. Englisby. South Dakota officers and Mayor M. A. Nordhaus. City Manager Root. A. Craig (Continued on Page Two) Republican A. P. Leased Wire OLOBK, Ariz.. Dec. 11. Gila county residents got behind the drive of the Y. W. C. A. for a four million dollar war fund today when both Globe and Miami subscribed liberally at five meetings conducted In the district by Dr. James A. Francis of Los Angeles and Miss Julia Coleman Lee, national secretary of the Y. W. C. A. Arizona Is asked to subscribe $31.0"0 to the fond. Announcement of Gila's dona tions will be made tomorrow. At the meetings. Dr. Francis described the Prussian military system, outlined what the Y. W. C. A. is doing in France with Its hostess houses in the cantonments where the men have the opportunity of meeting their mothers, sisters, wives and sweethearts under the best of conditions, and said the only way to keep the underworld out f th Katherine Stinson Makes New Non-Stop Air Record Continued on Page Two) GERMANY LOSES BIG MUNITIONS PUN T SENATE SEEKS FU LL INFORMATION ES Just After Target Practice BASE OF THE AMERICAN FLO TILLA IN BRITISH WATERS. Dec. 11. (By the Associated Press.) The American torpedoboat oestroyer Jacol Jones was torpedoed just after she had completed target practice. The torpedo struck the destroyer amidship. blowing the after part of thr vessel tt pieces.' Some fifty men engaged in that part of the ship were killed. The remaining members of the crew got away on rafts and in boats in which they remained until the next morning, when the res cue ship arrived. Several of the men died of exposure while the others sufiered severely dur- in gthe 17 hours in vie boats. The susvivors of the disaster are re ported to be doing well. ! GJ T III Rescue of Bagley BASE ()E THE AMERICAN FLO TILLA IX BRITISH WATERS, Dec. 11. Lieutenant Bagley, of the Amer ican torpedo boat destroyer Jacob Jones, which was recently torpedoed by a German submarine was rescued by one of his seamen, who after ward died of injuries and exposure. The seaman, with six other mem bers of the crew, was swimming to ward a raft when he bumped into a floating object, which he thought was a bundle of clothes, but which proved to be Commander Bagley, with the fur collar of his great coat wrapped about his head. Bagley appeared to be almost unconscious. Although suffering intensely him self, from the injuries and the cold water, the seaman caught hold of the commander and, with the assist ance of his shipmates, pulled him to the rar, where he soon revived. The -seaman, however, succumbed a few hours later and was buried at sea. Before consigning the dead seaman to the ocean, his shipmates cut up his blue shirt and lashed the pieces to oars as distress signals, but it soon became dark and the cold and suffering of the men increased with out signs of a rescuing craft. . The sea remained smooth throughout the night and when day broke the great ly weakened survivors again hoisted their signals of distress, which were uuirkly sighted by a British sloop. I Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN RAXC1SCO. Dec. 11. Miss Katherine Stimson. Texas aviatrix, es tablished a new official American non stop record for aeroplane flights when she arrived here late today from San Diego, Cal., covering the distance of 610 miles in nine hours and ten min utes. Miss Stinson suffered somewhat from the cold, due to the high alti tude at which she flew, but other wise she experienced little discomfort on the long trip. In crossing the Tehachapi mounting in southern Cali fornia she reached her highest alti tude of the journey, nine thousand feet. Miss Stinson's performance was Vorld i" characterized as remarkable by offici- army Is by letting tho upper j als of the Pacific Aero club, who surpassed the previous non-stop record of 512 and one-eights miles made by Miss Ruth Law on November 19, 1918, between Chicago and Hornell N. Y. Miss Stinson started at 7:C1 a. m. from the North Island aviation field, San Diego, and arrived at tlie Presidio military reservation here at 4:41 p. m. The flight was made in a biplane with a triplane body. It was said by officials of the Pacific Aero club that an official check could not possibly reduce the distance trav eled by Miss Stinson by more than ten miles. Miss Stinson had been in the chair nine hours and when she alighted, she showed the tremendous strain under which she had labored. Miss Stinson landed at the Presidio, a military reser- timed and. supervised the flight, which vation, by special army permission. Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Monday, Dev. 10. Germany suffered a disaster comparable with a serious military defeat in the explosion last month which destroyed the Griesheim chemical works near Frank-fort-on-the-Main, one of the greatest munitions factories in the world, according to a statement issued today by the press bureau. It is said to be impossible to recon struct the works during the war. The statement adds that sooner or later Germany must show on her fight in? fronts the effects of this staggering blow. i Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. Dec. 11. Steps were initiated in congress today to obtain fuller information about and establish closer connection with the govern ment's war activities, past and future. A general inquiry into the work of th; war department, especially in arm ing and equipping the nation's man power, was ordered by the senate mili tary committee. Capitol leaders said it was the forerunner of similar in vestigations by both aenate and house committees of nil phases of executive conduct of the war. which would in a measure accomplish the purpose of the proposed joint committee, "for the con duct of the war." The joint committee idea was abandoned at the last ses-j sion because of President Wilson's op position. The inquiries were said to be rontem- plated with a view to securing the j greatest possible efficiency in prose- cution of the war. . The war department Inquiry will be gin tomorrow when General Crozier, chief of ordnance, will appear before the senate committee to testify re garding ordnance manufacture. Sec retary Baker and general staff officers, as well as departmental and field com manders will follow. Senator Chamber lain chairman of the committee, said much or the testimony would be given in executive session, though some of the sessions would be public. The decision to inquire into the War department's operations came after two hours discussion of reports from senators who have visited army camps during the recess of congress. Sena tors Chamberlain. Wadswoi th. Freling huvsen, and others told of conditions observed and retorted to them, es pecially res i rd ing the lack of clothing in many camps, lack of ordnance and unatisfactory' sanitary conditions. It is understood the committee heard of large quotas of men in camp lacking overcoats and winter clothing, of ord nance shortage, resulting in the use of broomsticks for rifles and wooden makeshifts for cannon. The alleged clothing shortage and its possible rela tion to the large number of pneumonia cases In the cantonments were dis cussed. That the purpose of tlie inquiry is constructive and not critical was em phasized by Senator Chamberlain and others. He said 4t is proposed to in quire what, if any. mistakes have been made and to assist n securing the ereatest possible tuture efficiency. TO CONFER ON EXPORTS Republican A. P. Leased Wire MEXICO CITY. Dec. 11. Henry P. Fletcher, the American ambassador, announced today that he would leave Wednesday for Wasnington to attend a conference at the state department regarding an increase in exports of,, gold and foodstuffs from the United States to Mexico. Luis Cabrera, the Mexican minister of finance, will be : present at the conference. Mr. Fletcher ; will be accompanied by Mrs. Fletcher and with her will spend the Christmas holidays in the I'nited States. Great Unfilled Tracts May Soon Be Culivated Republican A. P. Leased Wire i stead lands within reclamation proj- WASHINGTOX. Dec. 11. Hundreds i ects susceptible of cultivation. A bill of thousands of acres of land in the United States, hitherto untilied. may be placed in cultivation. Secretary Lane reported to congress today. An appropriation of $1,900,000 was sug gested for the purchase of seeds and equipment and to make other arrange ments for working the land under the direction of the secretary. A survey conducted by the depart ment of the interior under authority of congress has shown that approximately 600,000 acres of land on various recla mation projects and large areas of In dian lands are susceptible of cultiva tion. "About 1 00.000 acres of land on rec lamation projects, not heretofore culti vated, and for which water will be available, may be placed in production during 1918," said Secretary Lane. "In addition there are approximately 500, 000 acres of privately owned or home- now is pending before congress pro viding the money for ciearing. develop ment and cropping of the lands, the funds appropriated to be reimbursable from rentals and other receipts. "Within the limits of the states of Arizona, Montana and Wyoming are 112,000 acres of irrigable and 50.000 acres of dry farming lands within the limits of Indian reservations which, with reasonable funds, could be placed under cultivation. On other Indian reservations a large acreage also could be made available. "It is not regarded as practicable, economical or wise to endeavor to se cure crop production through govern mental agencies on such of the public lands as yet remain unreserved. They are largely rough and mountainous and valuable cihefly for minerals or stock raising, or scattered tracts which can best be farmed by tiomestcader s, '