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THE ARIZONA .REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-EIGHTH YEAR 12 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1918 12 PAGES VOL. XXVIIL, NO- 227 BLUE SKY LAWFATE IN COURT (Special to The Republican) l.us ANGELES. Jan. 3. Whether the law known as the "Arizona, blue sky law'1 is to r'-main in force or will be jrnnounced unconstitutional will be Known at JO o'clock tomorrow, as that is the hour at which a decision is to be made, according to the announcement "of Judge Rons of the United States cir cuit court after a hearing here today. The hearing was on the motion of the statu of Arizona to the Court to dismiss the application for an injunc tion to restrain the Arizona corporation i ommlitsinn from enforcing the law. The prayer for the injunction was asked for by W. S. Lowe and J. E. Morrison, representing the Ariiona Motor and Truck company. The Arizona blue sky law was the subject of an attack before a court consisting of United States Circuit J'lilsce Ross. United States District Judge Bledsoe of Los Angeles and United states District Judge Sawtelle of Tucson. Arguments were presented by J. K. Morrison, representing the Arizona Motor and Truck company and W. I'. Gearj'. assistant attorney gen eral of Arizona, and Robert E. Fisher, speaking for the state. It wns alleged on the part of the stale that the stock selling proposition of the c ompany is a fraud on its face. Morrison attacked the blue sky law, claiming it is a bar to the expansion of legitimate business. Morrison declared there was no allegation of fraud against the company; that it was a legitimate enterprise. Following the arguments, the court announced the hour of the decision. FUEL STE IS Secretary of Munitions Niagara Falls And Supplies May Come As Result Investigation Republican A. P. Leased Wire "WASHINGTON. Jan. 3. -In further investigation of clothing and other ar my supply contracts negotiated by the civilian supplies committee- of CouncH of National Defense, the senate mili tary committee today received from Charles ElBenman, vice chairman ot the contracting committee, a statement of merchandise bought from firms whose members or employes are oy were connected with the. committee. Of supplies worth about $800,000,000 bought during the last eight months, Mr. Eisenman's statement discloses that $128,830,000 worth came from such concerns, but that all except 114,830,- 064 worth was contracted before the contractors' representatives became connected with the committee. Before presenting the statement, asked for by Senator McKellar yes terday, Kisenman in concluding his testimony, staunchly defended the committee's work, upheld the policy of secrecy in advance of letting con tracts and again insisted that the men given the much discussed scrap sort ing contract would have been limited to a nominal profit. Members of the military committee are prepared to launch legislation, the first results of the inquiry. Chairman Chamberlain plans to Introduce tomor row a bill to "create a. hew cabinet member known as the secretary of munitions, to have complete charge of Landmark Goes Up In Bad Fire aH. .war. material purchasing. It is promised virtually unanimous commit tee support. Another bill which Senator McKellar plana- to introduce tomorrow would amend the national crense act creat ing the council of national defense, so as to abolish all civilian advisory com mittees and prohibit the council mem bers or their agents from being di rectly interested in supply contracts. , Nine firms were named in Mr. Eis enman's statement as being among those who fcad received army supply orders from the committee and whose representatives served with the com mittee. Of the $4.057, 000 contracts given the Cleveland "Worsted company, of which Mr. Eisenman is a stockholder, it was stated that only $612,700 were nego tiated after the supplies committee was formed. Testimony supporting Eisenman's contentions that quality of army clothing had not been lowered by his orders for use of more ' re-worked wool, or shoddy, in the cloth was giv en by Michael E. Driscoll, an expert wool manufacturer of Rarltan, N. .f., who said the new cloth virtually is as warm and durable. He added, how ever, that the German uniform is 50 per cent better and cost less. Testimony regarding army shoes (Continued on Page Two) RIOT m COAL GRAFT IS ALLEGED DEVELOPMENTS RUSSIA MAY BRING RECOGNITION E Republican A. P. Leased Wire PHILADELPHIA. Jan. 3. Coal riots which 1 egan here yesterday were ..re sumed today when several hundred men, women and children raided cars mi a Pennsylvania railroad siding and j-'ole more than 150 tons of anthracite. Railroad detectives were powerless be fore the women who risked their lives hen an attempt was made to move right ft thn fuel-laden cars. Graft Alleged PITTSBURG, Jan. S With the pres ident nf one coal company under arrest charged with violating the price fixing order of the United States fuel admin istration, warrants have been issued, it m.is learned tonight, for the arrest of lic other coal company officials. De partment ot justice agents intimated that additional warrants may he issued vi'hiu the next 4S hours. Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Jan. 4. Developments in the Russo-German negotiations, the Daily Chronicle says, are likely to ca.use the western powers to give de facto recognition to the Lenine govern ment In Russia. A statement of en tente allied policy of a democratic char acter, it adds, shortly will be sent to Russia. M. Litvinoff, who has been appointed ambassador to London by the Bolshe viki, the Daily Chronicle continues, may receive de facto recognition as ambassador, while Sir George Buchan an, the British ambassador to Russia who is reported on his way home, may be replaced by a diplomat in sympathy with the idea of revolutionary Russia. A dispatch to the Daily Mail from Petrograd dated Wednesday says: "The Russians now have made coun ter proposals to the Teutonic allies which are under consideration and which will be discussed at the next meeting of th peace delegations at Brest -Lltovsk Saturday. "The proposals embody the immedi ate evacuation of occupied territory pending a referendum, the evacuated districts to be governed by Jocally elected representatives of the people, who are to be assisted by the local militia.'' W. W. TRYING NEW TACTICS IN TRIAL 1 COURT AT CHICAGO Republican A. P. Leased Wire NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y., Jan. 3. The International Hotel, on of the landmarks of Niagara Falls was destroyed by fire today and the International Theater, an ad joining building, was badly dam aged. The loss is estimated at $550,000. Several firemtn were injured. The hotel, formerly the Eagle Tavern, had a history dating back more than a century. General Lafayette, when he visited the United States in 1824, was en tertained at the Tavern; Daniel Webster was a frequent guest, and many members of European royal families had visited the hotel. President McKinley took lunch eon at the hotel on the day that he was assassinated in 1901. , o MEN NEW PLAN WILL CALL IN CLASS ONE FIRST AND REGISTER 700,000 YEARLY BANDITS FROM MEXICO RAID . FSINTE! Passenger Trains Taken Off To Help Out Freight Reoublican A. P. Leased Wire CHICAGO, Jan. 3. George F. Van derveer, attorney for the 106 alleged members of the Industrial Workers of the World, appeared in Judge Landis' court today, when the cases of the al leged conspirators wete" called and withdrew their pleas of not guilty. In place of these pleas, he substitutedmo tions . for bills of particulars in the cases of 67 of the men, bills of demur rer for 83 and pleas In abatement for 23 of the Indicted men Nu'ne of the men on trial allowed his original plea to stand and two motions were filed on one man in several instances. This ac tion prolongs the trial and it is be lieved that prosecution by the govern ment will not begin until the March term of court. The motion for a bill of particulars, if allowed, will force the 'district attor ney to prepare a lint of specific charges against every defendant in whose be half the motion was filed. The motion for demurrer will force the government to submit the indictments to a search ing test In" the hope that a flaw will be found to show their illegality. In the pleas for abatement the defense will try to establish that the indict ments named the men as members ot the Industrial Workers of the World whicn the attorney contends Is not a fact. Republican A. P. Leased Wire .MARKA, Tex., Jan. 3. Another raid by Mexican bandits occurred late to day at the,' Brite ' ranch, 35 miles southwest from here and an equal distance from Valentine, Tex., ac cording to reports received at the military headquarters of the Big Bei.d district here tonight. ' No details of the raid were given In the meager message received. This ranch was raided Christmas morning by Mexican bandits and one American and two Mexicans killed. A troop of cavalry in commat.d of Ciiptain Carl, with a signal corps detachment, left here tonight for the Brite ranch to investigate the re ported raid of that ranch late today. They will report to headquarters here as soon as they cover the 35 mites between this point and the Britt; ranch. Additional cavalry troops were ordered held ii, readiness tonight to reinforce this troop should it be necessary. Mr. and Mrs. Sam Neill, and Mr. and Mrs. T. T. Neill, who live at the Brite ranch and who were forced to fisht for several hours Christmas morning to prevent the Mexican bandits from raiding their homes and killing them, returned to the ranch yesterday after spending the I holidays in Valentine. rollowlng "the Cri'.A.f.a. dav raid. American troops pursued tne bandits across the border into Mexico, killing eighteen and wounding many others. o Republican A. P. Leased Wire , WASHINGTON, Jan. 3. Hundreds of passenger trains on railroads east of the Mississippi will be withdrawn from service under orders soon to be issued by Director General McAdoo, based upon recommendations made to day by a committee of eastern passen ger traffic officers. The committee was divided as to the advisability of with drawing most parlor and sleeping cars, leaving only those considered most necessary for important travel routes. Hours of labor of railway employes under government operation, was dis cussed by the director general with heads of the four railway brotherhoods and the question of wages will be taken up tomorrow. Tomorrow President vv llson goes be fore congress with recommendation for legislation providing a basts for com pensating railroads under government operation, and for continued financing with government assistance. Bills ap proved by the railroad administration1 will be Introduced immediately and in d (cat ions are that they will be rushed to speedy passage. With regard to passenger train re ductions, it was made plain today that there is no intention of interfering with commuter or iriterurban traffic or with-any other trains necessary for daily and regular travel. Some of the director general's advisers have urged that practically a parlor and sleeping cars be withdrawn from service and that people be required to travel large ly in day time in ordinary coaches. It is not considered probable, however, that Mr. McAdoo will approve such a drastic course at tbis time. The railroad brotherhood leaders spent nearly three hours with the di rector general, most of the time being devoted to discussing the possibility that the government may call on rail tvay employes to work much overtime in order to clear present freight con gestion. This would involve extra wages, which the railroad administra tion is said to be willing to pay on the basis of "time and a half." now main tained by railroads for overtime. The brotherhoods' demands for 40 i per cent higiir wages, refused by tin railroads j'Jst before the government assumed management, were not pressed today but will be taken up to morrow. Mr. McAdoo has not expressed his views on the subject of higher wages but most of his advisers advo cate such a course as a means of re taining employes. Mr. McAdoo is considering whether express companies should be taken over for government operation and has received from his legal advisers opin ions on the proper procedure in case he decides this is necessary to maintain the highest efficiency. The shortage of labor was empha sized today in reports of interstate commerce commission inspectors on car service and locomotive conditions. The fault in many cases, the reports indicated, is that freight cars and lo comotives are out of repair because roads have too few repairmen and ma chinists, but negligence of railway au- tnonties was responsible for most con ditions of faulty equipment. The gov eminent hopes to remedy the situation by issuing specific orders for the re pair of cars and locomotives, and es tablishing a system of personal re sponsibility for proper maintenance of equipment. Except on the Baltimore and Ohio and the Pennsylvania, no congestion is apparent west or Pittsburg and Buf falo, reports show. I the east, how ever, some roads are choked with traf fic while other connecting lines are handling only normal loads, and it is to the latter that the government is or dering the overflow. In answer to numerous inquiries from state' officials, it was explained that free passes wKI not be granted for government business. ENEMY ATTEMPTTO ARI GAIN WES BANK OF New York Ice-Bound NKW YORK. Jan. 3. With the tem perature hovering around zero for the fixth successive day. New York was confronted tonight wi,th a fuel shortage '.hat took on added menace as tht wat ers .surrounding the city became coattTl iv it h h e. Do.ens of coal laden barges Hi'p ice-bound. Some relief was piven today to Brooklyn and LonSgJsland of 3,00 tons if coal from New Jersey. Twenty schools were closed today because of lack of fuel and 15 others because of frozen water pipes. Many Institutions nro at the end of their coal supplies. The poor in the tenement district are Kiifferincr acutely. The weather bureau could give no hope of relief. Government Probes WASHINGTON. Jan. 3. Fuel short uses in various parts of the country were given attention today by the fuel administration. Further measures were taken to speed the movement of oal to New Kngland and 700 cars of bituminous were ordered diverted from the West Virginia field to relieve dis tress in Ohio, Michigan and Kentucky. Producers supplying New England were directed to make up solid train loads of 25 cars of coal daily for rout ins over the Boston and Maine rail j ad. Rough weather is still interfer 'rig with water shipments. Compulsory Rations Will Be Next Tried In England WAR SUMMARY - Weather Forboding WASHINGTON, Jan. 3. -While it will be "not so cold" Saturday, relief from the cold wave which has gripped the east for nearly a week apparently la not now in sight. Gales alng the Atlantic coast from Hatteras to Eastport added to the dls romfort. while snow fell In eastern New England. Acute coal shortages were- accentuated by freezing of har bors. Temperatures over the eastern part of the country were officially an nounced as from 20 to 30 degrees be low the seasonal average. Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Jan. 3. Compulsory ra tioning is to be put Into, effect in Eng land at an early date, according to Lord Rhondda, the food controller, speaking at Sllverton today. He pref aced this announcement by saying that he was afraid that compulsory ration ing would have to come and that it was on its way, and then declared that his department had completed a scheme and that as soon ss the sanc tion of the cabinet ha( been received it would be carried out Lord Rhondda warned his hearers that there would continue to be a shortage though the conditions would improve steadily. "There is nothing alarming in the situation," he said. "You have only to tighten your belt. The people of this country are undergoing nothing like the privations , in Germany. There they have less than a pound of meat a week." The food controller pointed out that the import of butter In November and December, 1917, amounted to only three thousand tons as compared with 30,000 tons in November and December, 1915. However, there had been an enormous Increase In the production of margarine in England and by June the capacity of the factories would be four times what it was in 1915. . Referring to the meat shortage Lord Rhondda said he did not want to threaten; he did not want to comman deer cattle, but the machinery would be there to carry the cattle to market when the time came. There was going to be a great shortage of meat during the next couple of weeks, but after that he hoped the position would improve con siderably. Before the war forty per cent of the meat consumed by civilians was im ported. Today a large part of the im ported meat went to the army, leaving less- than ten per cent for civilians. There was, however, no great depletion in cattle in the country. The food controller strongly sup ported communal kitchens and said that government grants would be made where necessary to establish them. He incidentally disclosed the fact that Lady Rhondda obtained the Christmas dinner for her family from one of these kitchens and added: "What is good enough for my old woman is quite good" enough for any one." Ontario Suffering TORONTO. Ont.. Jan. 3. Reports In repard to the serious coal situation in all parts of Ontario indicate that the shortage is acute and in many places only sufficient fuel to last two or three, days is on hand. In Toronto the situation is serious. Cases of severe distress are being reported. UN HELD SPY IS RELEASED Republican A. P. Leased Wire . JUAREZ. Jan. 3. It was officially announced tonight that Mrs. Rita Cas tillo Garcia, the Cuban woman held as a political suspect by the officials here, had been released. Orders for her re lease were sent by General Francisco Miirguia. from Chihuahua City. Appeals were made for the woman's release, to the Cuban minister to Wash ington and the Cuban consul in Gal veston. Another Mexican-American woman who was held on charges of being an American spy, was released at the same time, it was announced. Arizona Republican's Annual Bargain Offer Closes Tomorrow Evening $9 Subscription Daily and Sunday for $5.75 SAVE THIS 40 The Republican is the only newspaper in Arizona publishing seven days in the week 52 issues more than anjr other paper in th stats. You are entitled to th beat. Mail that $5.75 to The Repub lican today offer good only ones each year. MAIL YOUR CHECK TODAY Republican A. P. Leased Wire . The virtual collapse of the negotia tions between the central powers and the Russian Bolsheviki for peace and the possibility that hostilities again may be resumed by the Russians on the eastern front even though with only a comparatively small army, have caused surprise and . perturbation in Berlin and Vienna, Realizing the seriousness of the sit uation, the German and Austrian em perors have conferred with their chiefs of staff and the German and Austro-Hungarjpn foreign ministers, who attended the peace negotiations at Brest-Litovsk, have been sent back there ppst haste, probably for the pur pose of attempting to moderate the situation. Not alone are Leon Trotzky, the Bol sheviki foreign minister, and the other leaders of the counter revolution in Russia dissatisfied with the terms of the peace proposals of the central pow ers', but the heads of the German so cialist factions also have expressed their antagonism to those sections which call for the retention of Poland, iitnuania, couriand and other territory now in possession of the invaders. Irotzky, as the mouthpiece of the Bolsheviki has announced that the Russian workers will not accept the peace proposals, which he terms "hyp ocritical." He asserted that if the cen tral powers did not agree to the free nestiny or the Polish and Lettish na tions, it would be urgently necessary to defend the Russian revolution. The central" committee of the council of nuiAiiieua auu soiaiers oeiegates in a resolution approved Trctzky's stand. Apparently adding to the crisis is the refusal of the Germans to transfer the adjourned meeting of the peace confer ence rrom urest-LUovsk to Stockholm The financial situation in Hungary seemingly is not what it once was, for the seventh war loan, from which it was expected eight billion kronen would be realized, brought forth only three billion kronen. According to re ports the greater part of the amount subscribed was forced from the leading i"e popuiace generally taking wi.i.y an juaigiiiiii-uui jeruonT it. -n me name rrooits tre infantry con tinues virtually inactive, but bombard ment of considerable proportions are taking place on various sectors in Bel gium, France and Italy. Nothing of importance has occurred on the Italian front since the driving of the ene,my from the western bank of the Piave at the Zenson loop have the Italians full control of the right bank of the stream. Austro-German airmen are keeping up their raids on Italian open towns. uie iiesi. oi wnicn to be bombed was Castelfranco Veneto where two hos pitals were hit and eighteen patients killed. If a plan that has been formulated by the British food controller is given the sanction of the cabinet compulsory ra tioning shortly will be put into effect in England . to prevent wastage and conserve food supplies. The food con troller announced that Ithere would continue to be a shortage in food but that the situation would improve steadily. He particularly referred to meat, of which he declared there would be a great shortage during the next few weeks, after which he said the situation would improve consider ably. "There is nothing alarming in the situation." said Lord Rhondda. "You have only to tighten your belt. The people of this country are undergoing nothing like the privations in Germany. There they have less than a pound of meat a. waak. ' T PIAVE RIVER FAILS Republican A. P. Leased Wire HEADQUARTERS OF THE ITAL IAN ARMY IN NORTHERN ITALY. Wednesday, Jan. 2. -The enemy today attempted to gain the west bank of the Piave river, to offset the loss of Zenson, but met with a quick repulse, and the entire west bank now is def initely clear and held by the Italians. A landing party on flat boats attempt ed to cross near Intestadura, but an in tense artillery and machine gun fire concentrated "on the boats led to the abandonment of the attemp before the west oanK whb i cacucu. The general commanding the army corps in the Zenson sector, is receiving high encomiums for the tactics wnicn brought about the rout of the enemy from the only nest they were able to maintain on the west bank with heavy enemy losses and virtually no Italian loss. This general informed the cor rennnndent. as mentioned in a dispatch forwarded on Christmas, that he would not sacrifice his men by useless frontal attacks against machine guns, but would slowly wear out the enemy by continuous concentrations of artillery on their positions in the bend ot the river. Many doubted the generals ability to carrv this out. but his success on December 30 in clearing out the enemy and savins- his own men is meeting with the hiehest riraise. The mountain front is comparatively inactive, the enemy giving chief atten tion to air raids, which continue against Bassano. Treviso and Mestre, near Venice, without notable damage or casualties. The Italian and allied air fleet is making vigorous reprisals, bombing stations and troop columns in movement. An impressive public funeral of the victims of the Padua raids was at tended bv the municipality and govern ment officials and a huge concourse of people. The line of funeral cars, with nineteen dead, streched for blocks. The funeral procession passed by the churches and squares where most of the bombs had fallen. o (Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN FRANCISCO. Jan. J. Khar- wan Singh, a defendant in the trial ot 31 Hindus and others on a charge of attempting to foment a revolution in India, once tried to bass as an Enr. ish Jew and as the fiance of an Amer. ican girl in Arizona, according to ths testimony of Captain G. W. Read. U. S. A., in the trial here today. Captain Read came here from Camn Iwi. Wash., to testify. captain Read said that while he was connected with the army intelli gence bureau in Naco, Ariz., in the early part of 1MT, he had reason to detain Bhagwan, who passing through avu, piesumaoiy on tne way to Mex ico, to gain recruits for the Indian revolution there. An examination con ducted by Captain Reed resulted in admission by Bhagwan that he was going about the United States preach ing tne doctrine of the revolution, the testimony showed. Thomas H. Prince, a building an- praiser who has offices directly above those of the German consulate, testi fied to having found a slip of pape in one of the ante rooms near the con sulate tending to show the payment of ia(w to it. Lai Gupta, one of the de fendants, by German agents. LI 1Y BE PREPARING CHANGE OF PLAGES , Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON. Jan. 3. A dispatch to th Exchange Telegraph from Amsterdam gives a Berlin report that Count von Hertlinr, tne imperial uerman cnan cellor. is indisposed. The correspond ent adds that a rumor in political circles is to the effect that there Is in triruine to induce Count von Hertling'i resignation on the ground of ill health in order to make way lor prince von Buelow again taking up the post of imperial chancellor. ' A dispatch from Copenhagen Novem ber 16 said the German crown prince recentlv had a long conference with von Buelow. The dispatch added that all the Berlin newspapers referred to the meeting and some called attention to the fact that Prince von Buelow was a candidate for his old poet. Von Buelow has been believed to be in accord with the views of the crown ofince regarding the war, while von Hertling is known to be an exponent of the policy to which the crown prince is opposed m GIRL IS CAMOUFLAGE US ED I CONSPIRATORS j Republican A. P. Leased Wire j WASHINGTON. Jan. 3. All men for ' the war armies still to be raised by the ! United States will come from class ! one under the new selective service 1 plan. That means the nation's fighting is to be done by young men without families dependent upon their labor for support and unskilled in necessary industrial or agricultural work. Provost Marshal General Crowder announced the new policy in a report on tae operation of the selective draft law submitted today to Secretary Bak er and sent to congress. He says class one should provide men for all military needs of the country and to accomplish that object he urges amendment of tha draft law so as to provide that all men who have reached their twenty-first birthday since June 5, 1917, shall be re quired to register for classification. Al so, in the interest of fair distribution of the military burden, he proposes that the quotas of slates or districts be de determined hereafter on the basis of the number of men in class one and not upon the population. Available figures indicate, the report says, that there are 1.000,000 qualified men under the present registration who will be found in class one when all questionnaires have been returned and the classification period ends February 1j. To this the extension of registra tion to men turning 21 since June of last year and thereafter will add 700, 00 men a year. Class On Comprises Single men without dependent rela tive', married men who have habitual ly failed to support their families, who are dependent upon wives for support. or not useruily engaged, and whose families are supported by incomes in dependent of their labor; unskilled farm laborers, unskilled industrial la borers, registrants by or in respect of whom no deferred classification is claimed or made, registrants who fail to submit questionnaire and in respect of whom no deferred classification is determined or made, or all registrants not Included in any other division of the schedule. The plan places upon unattached single men and married men with in dependent incomes most of the weight of military demand, for th number of men in the other divisions of class one is very' small. General Crowder finds that the first diaft surpassed the highest expecta tions ana pays high tribute to th thousands of civilians whose servic made the plan a success. "At the president's call." he says "all ranks of the nation, reluctantly enter ing the war. nevertheless instantly re sponded to the first call of the nation with a vigorous and unselfish co-operation . that submerged all individual interest in a single endeavor toward the consummation of the national task. I take it that no great national project Has ever attemped with so complete a reliance upon the voluntary co-operation of citizens for Its execution. Cer tainly no such burdensome and sacri ficial statute had ever before been ex ecuted without a great hierarchy of of ficials. "This law has been administered by civilians whose official relations lien . only in necessary powers with which thev are vested by the president's des ignation of them to perform the duties that are laid upon them. They hav accomplished the task. They have, made some mistakes. The system of fers room for improvement. "But the great thing they were called upon to do they have done. The vaunted efficiency of absolution ot which the German empire stands as the avatar can offer nothing to com pare with it. It remains the ultimate test and proof of the intrinsic political idea uppn which American institutions of democracy and self-government have been based." First Draft Analyzed Analyzing the first draft, General Page Two) i (Continued on uirnT mnT mnniim ami '"" MUTE BIIS OTSE1CECMK Republican A. P. Leased Wire BUENOS AIRES. Jan. 3. Confirma tion was. received here this evening of the report that Dr. Romulo S. Xaon, the Argentine ambassador to the United States, has resigned. Republican A. P. Leased Wire CHICAGO, Jan. S. "Western Tail roads have not decided upon any radi cal reduction in passenger service,"' R. H. Aishton, president of the Chicago and Northwestern railway, declared to day after attending a meeting of the In official circles every possible ef- 1 executives of the roads. fort is being made to persuade the government not to accept the resignation. CHANGE MEATLESS DAY , Republican A. P. Leased Wire . LONDON, Jan. 3 The director of meat supplies announced that Tuesday will be the meatless day in London and Wednesday in the provinces. "Exclusive of troop movements." he added, "the passenger travel in west ern territory is heavier than ever be fore. Many persons are compelled t travel because of important business with various departments of the gov ernment. A committee of railway of ficials Is making a study of the situa tion to decide what curtailment can be made in the passenger service without inconvenience to the public." Hoover and Chairman Reed Clash At Senate's Hearing t Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Jan.- 3. Examina tion of Food Administrator Hoover was completed today by the senate com mittee investigating the sugar and coal shortages after Chairman Reed and Air. j Hoover had enlivened the proceedings ! with a clash that had been expected since the inquiry began. - , Yesterday when Hoover took the stand Senator Reed, a critic ot the food administrator since the beginning of his work, yielded the task of ques tioning to Senator Lodge and the ex amination progressed smoothly. Today. however, the chairman went into cross-examination most vigorously. He attacked the policies of the food ad ministration, said Hoover had usurped powers in handling the wheat situation and he sought to develop that sugar price agreements were made to benefit eastern refiners. Mr. Hoover's replies were as sharp as the questions. The wheat situation, he said, was handled with the approval of President Wilson and the tanners now were getting more for their wheat while flour was selling for less. He denied all of the chairman's charges and said the food administration would save the people on sugar alone between three and five million dollars in the year beginning October 1. Senator Jones of New Mexico, questioning the witness about support given the food administration by the country, drew a ripple of applause from spectators in the committee room by a brusque re tort when Chairman Reed interrupted. When Mr. Hoover left the stand the committee heard a statement on the coal situation in Ohio by Joseph 51c Ghee, attorney general of that state. Mr. McGhee blamed priority orders for shipments to the lakes for most of the trouble and told of ineffectual efforts to get relief through the fuel admin istration. The people are still suffer ing for want of coal, he said, adding that he thought the situation would improve under government operation of railroads. Tomorrow the committee will return to the sugar inquiry and hear Frank C. Lowery. secretary of the Federal , Sugar Refining company.