Newspaper Page Text
ON A ; REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-EIGHTH YEAK 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 9, 1918 10 PAGES VOL. XXVIIL, NO. 263 THE ARIZ S FARMER MUST THEIR Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON', Feb. 8. Spokesmen of Mxtcfii national farm organizations and many smaller fines, holding a. war time conference hero at tlio rail of the federal board of farm loans presented a. memorial to Pns idem Wilson today Urging definite governmental meas ures speeding up agricultural pro duction. The delegation asked for the ap pointment of a special commission of nine farmers to advise on agricultural probUms and represent the fanning viewpoint; for the furloughing of trained farm workers now in the army i-o lonj; as their service:) may be con sidered more useful in productive agri cultural than the military service; that I he draft regulations be interpreted so as to stop the. placing uf skilled farm workers, foremen and bona fide farm i rs in class one, that provision be made for furnishing farmers seed, feed, fer tilizers and machinery; that steps be taken to promote, short time loans to finance the production of crops and that If the policy of price control is to prevail, it be applied to what a farmer Vuys as well as to what he sells. After listening to the memorial, President Wilson made this reply: "I cannot, of course, answer off hand, so important a memorial as this and I need n"t tell you that it will receive my most careful and respectful attention. Many of the questions that are raised here have been matters of very deep and constant concern wilh us for months past and 1 believe that many of ! them are approaching as successful a j yoluliou aw we can work out for them, but just what those steps are I cannot now detail to you. You arc probably familiar with some of them. "I want to say that I fully recognize that you gentlemen do not. mean that your utmost effort will be dependent upon the acceptance of these sugges tions. I know you are going to do your level best in any circumstances, and I count on you with the utmost confi-d'-iKo in t hat. There has never been a time, gentlemen, which tested the real pialily of folks as this time is f?bing to lest it; because we ate fighting for something bigger than any man's imagination can grant. "This is a final tackle between the things that America has always been opposed to, and was obliged to fight, and the things that she stands for. It is the. final contest and to lose it would set the world back, not a hundred perhaps several hundred years in the development of human life. This thing cannot be exaggerated in its import ance and I know that you men are ready as I am. to spend every ounce of energy we have gut in solving this tiling. If we cannot solve it in the best way, we will solve it in the next best way and if the next best way is not available, we will solve it in the way in xt best to that, but we. will tackle it in some, way and do it as well as vc: can. ' "I am complimented by a visit of so large a. representation and I thank you tor the candid presentation of this in teresting memorial." In recommending the creation of a faimers' commission to sit perma nently in Washington with provision by the government for quarters and xpenses, the memorial said: "Such a commission is needed first of all to give the fanners of America a sense of partnershio in the conduct of the war, to which they have a right. The occasional consultation with farm ers called to Washington or the occa sional appointment, of a farmer to a subordinate place does not amount to fitting participation in the conduct of the war on the part of one-third of the population of the United States and all the r.v."f wh..i that third produces the one , .-. ! supplies which is the most t ss-onaai. "Tins plan would be in harmony with the procedure already adopted by the government in other essential indus- Industrial Workers Are Indicted Charged With Hampering Government HAYWOOD NOW IN JAIL IN CHICAGO 9 Sweek Orders Quarantine For City of Bisbee William D. Haywood. Republican A. P. Leased Wire CHICAGO, Feb. 8. William D. Haywood, with whom the 55 mem bers of the I. W. W. indicted today at Sacramento, Cal., are charged with conspiring, is in jail here on similar charges. Haywood was in dicted by a federal grand jury some time ago and has been confined since. Application for his release on bail has been prepared by his attorney, George W. Vanderveer, it was announced yesterday. EULOGY BY HEARST DRAWS' ATTEPiTION TO BDLQ PASHA (Continued on rage Two) SECRET CODE 1 111 SHEETS LE TO SPY'S U Republican A. P. Leased Wire AX ATLANTIC," POUT, Feb. 8. A Oilman soy was reported tonight to have been found among forty first and second cabin passengers of the Dutch liner N'ieuw Amsterdam, who earlier in the day was detained by federal agents for examination. After twelve thin sheets of paper, covered with letters and figures of a code had been found upon him, the man is said to have broken down and confessed that he is in the pay of the C.erman government, and ha come here in order to furnish spies now operating jn this country with the new code.. He is also said to have staled that he received a large sum of money for undertaking the mission, hut refused to give the names of the persons to whom the code was to be delivered. The man was said to be a natural ized American citizen of Dutch or German origin. Since the arrival of the Nicuw Amsterdam here on Thursday elab orate precautions have been taken to prevent German spies on board from smuggling papers ashore. Only government officers were al lowed to meet tbe ship and when tho vessel docked it was guarded by 100 sailors and marines and rope bar riers were stretched between the passengers leaving the ship and the persons waiting to meet thetn. Every person on board was thor oughly searched before he was per mitted to pass the barriers and com municate with those on shore and after all had been searched thirty seven men and three women, it was stated, were detained for further questioning. It. was among these the ,py was found. The purpose of the spy in coming to this country was to re-establisn communication between the Gorman spy system here and the German government, which had been im paired by the ability of American in telligence officers to read existing codes, it was reported. Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, Feb. 8. At today's session of the court martial of Bolo Pasha on the charge of treason, witnesses testi fied regarding his visit to the United States in l'Jlti. Madame Buznet told of attending a dinner in New York in company with a French Captain Verdier and Adolph, Pavenstedt former head of the Amsinck bank, and Bolo Pasha. Colonel Voyer, the presiding of ficer, announced that the court would be cleared if yesterday's scenes were repeated. Lieutenant Prevost of the French censorship department testified that articles praising William Randolph earst had been taken to Senator Humbert's paper, Le Journal, in which Kolo Pasha had an interest. by Charles F. Bertelli, the head of the Paris bureau of the International News service, who accompanied Bolo to America and introduced him to Mr. Hearst. The lieutenant said his attention had first been ealrrd to Bolo Pasha hy a eulogy of Mr. Hearst printed in La Yic.torie, which also described Bolo Pasha's relations with the American press. Lieutenant Prevost said lie had been commissioned to translate sev eral articles from the Hearst news papers after which the French cen sor had decided not to allow further articles laudatory to Mr. Hearst to appear because he considered him thoroughly Germanophile. Mr. Bertelli began his testimony by protesting against the report that President Voyer of the court martial had said Mr. Hearst was German ophile. "Mr. Hearst i not and never was Germanophile," declared Bertelli. "lie always has been a friend of France." The witness then recounted Bolo Pasha's trip to New York. He said Bolo had met Mr. Hearst only social ly at a dinner at Sherry's for which Bertelli sent out invitations, but for which Bolo Pasha paid. The guests included Mr. and Mrs. Gerard, Mr. and Mrs. Hearst, Adolph Pavenstedt and Jules Bois. Bertelli said that Bolo spoke like a true patriot and that Mr. Hearst thought he was do ing France honor by receiving Bolo who he believed one of its dis tinguished citizens. The witness was cress-examined by President Voyer. Bertelli testified that Bolo had loaned him money which he offered to repay through Captain Bouchardon when he (Bertelli) heard that Bolo was under suspicion. Bertelli told the court that this money was deposited at the sequestration office. The witness described a meeting of Senator Charles Humbert who con trolled the Journal and M. Mouthon editor in chief of the Journal and now a witness for the government, which meeting was arranged at the instigation of Bolo and at which was discussed an exchange of news be tween the Journal and the Hearst newspapers. This proposed exchang however, fell through because the minister of foreign affairs was op posed to the proposition the witness said. Bolo attempted in America to raise a, French loan, which had great pros- Republican A. P. Leased Wire SACRAMENTO, Cal., Feb. 8 Three indictments, one of which charged 55 persn-.Vi with conspiring with William D. Haywood and other Industrial Workers of the World leaders to hamper the government in its prose cution of the war, were returned here today by the 1'nited States grand jury. The report of the jury terminated its investigation of the inactivities of all ' industrial Workers of the World taken ! into custody here in connection with I an investigation of the authorities and 1 the Sacramento police in the dyna I mitii of the residence of the governor. ! A second indictment charged Wm. i Hood and George Yoetter, who were arrested here December 22 while carry ing a box containing nine sticks of dynamite, with having explosives in their possession unlawfully. A third true bill charged Hood with illgally transporting dynamite on a passenger train engaged in interstate commerce. It was the arrest of Hood and Voetter that led to a raid on the I. W. W. head quarters here, in which a number of men were taken into custody and a large amount of documentary evidence was seized. Much of this evidence was presented to the grand jury while the probe was being conducted and some of it was quoted in the con spiracy indictment w hich was returned today. Forty-six of the fifty-five persons in dicted today, including Hood and Voet ter, have been in custody here since late last. December. Two of them Frank Reilly and Louis Tori are wanted on similar charges named in an indictment returned in Chicago, ac cording to federal authorities. The names of nine of the fifty-five were placed on secret file because they had not been arrested. Five of these, John W. Preston, L'nited States dis trict attorney, announced in court, were involved in charges of conspiracy to violate the espionage act, dismissed recently in San Francisco. The indictment charged the defend ants with a general conspiracy by "threats, assaults and intimidation," and the distribution of alleged Indus trial Workers of the World literature ernment in the prosecution of the war. It alleged that they were members of branches of the organization known as "militants" and "rebels." Violation of various sections of the penal code and war regulations and proclamations, in eluding the enemy alien and selective draft acts, also werof alleged. The defendants also were accused of an organized conspiracy to "injure and oppress certain citizens of the l'nited States by threats and intimi dation." Letters mailed to some of the de fendants were reproduced in t,he in dictment. Some of these were from I. W. W. prisoners in the Cook county jail in Chicago. They urged men on "the outside to greater effort in their work" as "the best means of helping their fellows in jail in Chicago." Two of these letters were signed by G. A. Roberts and James Rowan, who are awaiting trial on indictments returned in Chirairo. ... Telegrams sent to P. H. Johnson, as sistant L'nited States district attorney, who conducted the investigation, by Albert Fox and Frederick Esmond of San Francisco, remonstrating against alleged inhuman treatment of the men in custody here were also interpreted in the indictment. A poem belittling 'American soldiers and alleged to have been written by Miss Theodora Pollak of San Fran cisco, was reproduced verbatim in the indictment. The conspiracy indictment returned today alleged that the defendants had entered into a general conspiracy with leaders of three thousand members of the Industrial Workers of the World organization to "overthrow the gov ernment" and to carry on a "wide spread campaign of sabotage." Asist ant District Attorney Johnson said that evidence collected in connection with the investigation "had revealed acts of sabotage in many sections of the L nited States." He said the cam paign was aimed at the destruction of industries and crops. Plan Wholesale Destruction Industrial Workers of the World on the Pacific coast have planned whole sale destruction of industries and ship ping and other interference with prose cution ot me war, it was said today at the department of justice. The in dictment of nr. at Sacramento by a federal grand jury is the result of re cent investigations by government agents who discovered" that leaders were plotting systematic sabotage. The indictments were a direct re suit of the recent attempt to blow- up the governor's residence at Sacra mento. - Agents discovered a nest of plotters whose activities extended throughout the Pacific coast territory. In addition to blowing up factories, plotters in that section of the coun try had planned to foment strikes among workmen engaged in war indus tries, to damage fruit trees and crops and to a lesser extent to destroy ships being buill in yards along the coast. o- BISBEE, Feb. 8 Dr. W. 0. Sweek, state health offi cer, after investigating the smallpox epidemic in this district, has ordered and placed a strict quarantine on the ('ommunity. In order to leave the city it is necessary to produce a health certifi cate, signed by the county health officer. There are now fourteen cases of smallpox in the detention hospital. HUNDRED FORTY SEVEN NOW BELIEVED AMERICAN DEATH TOLL FROM THE TUSCANIA Marked Improvement In Condition of Roosevelt SAMMIES AMMER GERMANS Republican A. P. Leased Wire WITH THE AMERICAN' ARMY IN FRANCE, Feb. S. (By the Associated Press). The American artillery con tinued hammering German positions with marked sucess last night and to day. A destructive fire on enemy build ings and works was maintained. A German battery position was struck liy a shell from our larg guns and caused a heavy explosion of ammunition. A sheet of flame shot high in the air, the ground trembled anc ttie camouflage protection around the position was set on fire. Just before dawn two German patrols were observed in front of our position. A barrage fire called for by the in fantry in the front trenches effectively scattered and drove off the enemy. With our machine guns we all day harassed the enemy continuously, shooting streams of bullets into work ing parties or wherever the enemy showed himself. The artilledy duel con tinued all day. The enemy patrols have evidently learned a lesson, for last night while our patrols worked freely all over No man's land they were unmolested. Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK. Feb. 8. Marked im provement during the past -4 hours in the condition of Colonel Theodore Roosevelt was indicated in a bulletin issued at 9 o'clock tonight by the physi sians attending him at Roosevelt hos pital, the bulletin said: "The outlook is very encouraging." "Dr. Kuel called on Colonel Roose velt at 8:15 o'clock," said the text of the bulletin. "Colonel Roosevelt has had a very comfortable day and is progressing favorably in every way. Temperature and pulse have been nor mal throughout the day and t,he violent symptoms of his internal car inflama tion'are subsiding rapidly. The out look is very encouraging." Despite the encouraging tone of to day's bulletins. Colonel Roosevelt's doctors have indicated that they would be unable to determine before tomor row whether further operations would he necessary. Tuesday the colonel nn- derwent an operation for abscesses in his ears. He was recovering from an other operation performed a few davs before at his Oyster Bay home for fistula. Yesterday acute inflammation devel oped in the colonel's inner left ear which resulted in the hurried calling of conferences as the physicians feared it might extend to the mastoid process. At their conclusion it was announced that the patient's condition was "seri ous but not critical," and I he doctors would be unable to say until 48 hours had elapsed whether another operation would be necessary. Members of Colonel Roosevelt's fam ily, who have been at the hospital, were very optimistic over the reports and in announcing tonight's bulletin Miss Josephine Stryker, Colonel Roosevelt's private secretary, said there was noth ing noted from today's observations which would indicate the need of any futher operation. SITCHIi ASK WAR EFFICIENCY WAGE BOARD FOR CONTROVERSY IS INCREASE OF PA! i HALTED FOR WEEK Republican A. P. Leased Wire The latest figures available on the loss of life in the torpedoing of the troop ship Tuscania indicates that 16S persons are missing, of w hom 147 were Americans. This estimate was furnished by the British admiralty to the Associated Press Friday night, with the informa tion that 2,235 persons had been saved. Among them were 133 officers and 1317 of the American foresters, engi neers, supply train men, military police and aero units, a total of 2,0'M. As the ship's company had included 2,177 Americans, only nineteen miss ing remain to be apportioned among the 21$ members of the British crew and six passengers. According to the ad miralty's figures, the total number of persons on the Tuscania was 2.401. American officers among the sur vivors testified to the courage of their men while they faced the acute emer gency ,f the ship sinking in the night, with no assurance that German sub marine would not send another tor-iedo to hasten her disappearance beneath the waves. British officials praise the discipline and steadfastness of the Americans and ' the London press is lavish with encomiums of their stoicism. (Continued on Page Two) Review of the Day American sharpshooters on the sec tor held by the L'nited States forces northwest of,Toul on the western front have matched their marksmanship and wits against the skilL-and experience of the German riflemen and thus far have had the advantage. Enemy snip ers have been routed from their hid ing places among bushes in the hilly, wooded terrain or in shell holes by the fire of the Americans and where the rifle proved unavailing there was brought into action machine guns or light artillery which destroyed the German shellers and caused casualties among their occupants. Dr. von Seydler, the Austrian pre mier, has tendered tno resignation oi his cabinet to Emperor Charles, ac cording to Vienna advices reaching Amsterdam. Parliamentary circles in the Austrian capitol understand that the cabinet's resignation is due to the opposition of the Ponsh deputies to special debates and the provisional budget. Dr. von Seydler January zu informed labor delegations that it was the wish of the emperor to end the war at the earliest possible moment by an honorable peace, and this declaration of the premier was instrumental in ending the strikes in Vienna. The Turkish foreign minister, Nes- simv Rev. sneaking in the Ottoman chamber of deputies Thursday, assert ed that Turkey was in full accord with the attitude, of Germany and Austria as outlined in the recent speeches of the German chancellor, Count von Hertling, and the Austrian loreign minister. Count Czernin. In regard to the Dardanelles; Nessimy Bey declared that the strait would remain open in the future to international traffic as in the past and on the same conditions. This declaration is regarded as Tur key's reply to the provision in Presi dent Wilson's announcement of Amer ica's war aims which required that the Dardanelles should be opened per manently as a free passage to the ships of all nations. ' Republican A. P. Leased Wire "WASHINGTON, Feb. S. Presenta tion of requests by switchmen for in creased pay and time and a half for work beyond eight hours developed into a discussion before the railroad wage board today of the practicability of an readjustment of hours now when there is a. shortage of men, which would hamper operation of trains. S. E. Heberling, president of the Switchmen's union, said the eight-hour law was not being generally observed because overtime was not penalized and asked that instead of a pro rata basis, time and a. half be imposed for all work beyond the basic day. "Would that be advisable with all industries handicaped for men?" asked Secretary Lane, chairman of the commission. "Where are you going to get the extra men?" asked Commissioner Cov ington. Mr. Heberling said it was de sired to keep the day as closely as possible to an eight-hour basis to min imize accidents due to tatigue. tec- retary Lane remarked on casualty fig ures for switchmen, showing a per centage greater than for the armies in Europe. C. L. Darling of Spokane, Wash., and A. S. Kimrose of Portland, Ore appeared for the train dispatchers and asked the government for substantial wage increases. "If the railroad presidents would only meet us half way I would not be in Washington today," said Mr. Bim rose. "A little more vision would help," comrrfented Commissioner McChord. Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Feb. 8. Except for more senate discussion, led by Senator x nomas, a democrat of the military committee, who praised the army's ac complishments, defended Secretary Baker and opposed the war cabinet lull, there were no moves todav in the con troversy over war efficiency and or ganization. By common consent, further action was postponed until next week. Both the senate and the military committee adjourned until Monday. Tomorrow- the conference of repub lican senators w(Jl be held. Repub lican leader Gallinger today denied that solid party action upon pending legis lation is planned. , Senator Thomas renewed debato in the senate. He asserted the war de partment's record should be praised and that Secretary Baker's statement before the committee was "a story re plete with accomplishments." Opposing the war cabinet bill, he declared, would add "another link t- the chain that already binds us," and take away the presiient's powers as commander- i n -chief. During the discussion Senator Cham berlain, chairman of the military com mittee, replied to criticism from Sen ator Lewis, democratic whip, regarding the committee's examination of Mr. Baker. The latter suggested that the secretary should have been called be fore the committee at first instead of after witnesses had presented attacks. Senator Chamberlain paid the commit tee's procedure followed the express re quest of the secretary. The military committee met today but did not attempt to consider the war cabinet measure, nor continue its No Additional Survivors AN IRISH PORT. Feb. s. (By the Associate, Press.) There is little hopi; that additional survivors of the Tus cania will be found. Trawlers, which cruised about the scene and along tbe coast, reported today that they bad discovered no additional bodies." Fig ures compiled by the Tuscania's sur vivors' bureau here still place the num ber of American's missing at 101. A small fishing trawler returned to this port this morning without the 142 Americans it set out from here, to take off from the barren northerly shore. which the Americans hail reached in three different lifeboats. 14 hours after the Tuscania was sunk. The skipper of the trawler told the British commodore here that the Amer ican captain in charge of the party re fused to embark his men on the. trawler because the little vessel did not carry lifeboats sufficient to hold all of the troops in case the trawler was torpedoed. This party, according to the captain of the trawler, consists of two captains and 140 men, who reached the shore a short distance from the point where the bodies of 44 Americans were washed up yesterday. The trawler had made a perilous journey to reach the Americans. The sea was choppy, but the trawler kept her course until she reached the point where the Americans are marooned. On the arrival of the trawler the. British authorities sent a larger steamer to bring thw Americans to Glasgow. This vessel has sufficient lifeboats to take care of the men in case it should run afoul of an under water boat. Thomas McNeill, representing the carl war inquiry. Both matters were post inspectors ot the Pennsylvania rail road, told the commission the inspect ors should come under the eight-hour law because of their part in the opera tion of trains. The railroad managers have refused to concede this. The philosophy of tipping was ex pounded to an interested audience by Robert L. Mays, a dining car waiter, who spoke for unorganized negro em ployes. He said they received $2a a month wages for sixteen to eighteen hours' daily work. When asked if they would consent to the elimination of tips and substitution of a higher sal ary, he said he believed both waiters and porters would be glad to forego tips if their pay was increased to $100 and up monthly. Then your tips average ?u a PLANS FOR SPEEDING CENSOR MEXICAN MOVIES Repub lean A. P. Leased Wire LOS ANGELES. Feb. 8. Motion picture films manufactured here for export into Mexico are being censored before shipment, according to a state ment today by John B. Elliott, collector of customs, who is acting as censor for the. federal government.- Mr. El liott declined to discuss the reasons for the censorship. It was said bv motion picture men that in some instances scenes which might inflame persons against Americans in Mexico had been deleted. Mr. Elliott said the public might "draw its own inference." Charges of Thompson Are Wholly Without Foundation SHIPBUILDING 0I1TL IWED BY HURLEY Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK, Feb. 8. Charges re cently made by C. S. Thompson, for merly a member of the executive com mittee of the American Defense So ciety, that fourteen spies had been shot in this country since the beginning of the war and that ships had cleared from the port ot New York with 1,500, OiiO rounds of ammunition destined for Germ iny weie branded as '"wholly am! entirely without foundation, by the federal grand jury today. The inquistors announced that "Thompson himself now believed he has boon misinformed" and that he re gretted being a party to the dissemi nation of unreliable and inaccurate in formation. After warning citizens and newspa per against circulating baseless rumors that are "likely to produce disastrous results" Judge E. S. Thomas, in accept ing the presentment, declared that in spite of the fact that these strenuous times placed an additional burden and strain on the press, "the great majority of newspapers conform to a very high standard of journalistic ethics." Thompson's charges were contained in an "open letter" to United States Senator George Chamberlain. He re signed from the executive committee of the American Defense Society while the inquiry into the charges was in progress TRepublican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Feb. S. Plans for speeding up shipbuilding and for care ful supervision over an yaras con structing government ships, were out lined to the senate investigating com mittee in executive session today by Chairman Hurley of the shipping board and General Manager Piez of the Emergency Fleet Corporation. The plans were not made public and the shipping board officials and members of the committee would not discuss them. In open session today the committee continued its investigation of the Hog Island shipyard, hearing Commander P. L. B.eed, who recently was relieved of his duties as resident engineer of the Dlant. - . . Commander Reed told the committee he believed the Hog Island yard could have been built more economically, but said he hesitated to make suggestions to his superiors. He said no estimate of the cost had been made by the gov ernment representatives and that the shipping board had accepted the fig ures of the American International Corporation without question. The corporation built the yard with govern ment money under supervision of the fleet corporation and the cost far ex ceeded the estimate. Commandtr Reed said he believed some ships would be completed at the Hog Island plant in 1918, but said much work remains to be done on the plant. Delay in building it, he attributed to the unexpected size of the task. He said much material reached the yards before the contractors were ready for it and asserted that at one time 1,200 cars loaded with material remained on sidings, for "a considerable time." (Continued on Page Two) poned until next week, when Secretary Baker is expected to present informa tion regarding army transport tonnage, and also return for cross examination. The committee plans to close its war inquiry with investigation of canton ment site selections and construction contracts. In considering the administration bill proposing to vest the president with powyr to co-ordinate and re-organize the government machinery", Sen ator Overman, its sponsor, said today that he did not contemplate hasty ac tion. It would be taken up by the ju diciary committee next Monday, he said, and be subject to usual committee procedure, its introduction has so changed the situation that some senat ors preparing addresses to be delivered next week against the war cabinet and munitions director bills may abandon them. ffllll SOLDIERS WILL BE TAGGED FOR IDENTIFICATION Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Feb. S. To insure prompt identification of enlisted men who may be killed or wounded, a num bered tag system similar to that in the British and French armies has been adopted by the war department. Ad jutant General McCain announced to night that a number would be stamped on the metal identification tag each soldier is required to wear and that a similar number will be placed opposite the man's name in the war department roster. The new system will be put into ef fect February 2S and thereafter all men entering the service will be given a numbered tag when enrolled. By this arrangement the department hopes that there will be no possibility of of ficials not being able to identify sol diers' bodies because uf blank tags such as worn by some of the men w ho went down on the Tuscania. News dispatches today said blank tags were found on the bodies of forty- four men washed ashore although army regulations require that the soldiers' name must be stamped on the tag even though he is not assigned to an organ ization. When he is assigned, regiment and company designation and his indi vidual number in that company is to be added immediately to the other side of the tag. The new identification system lias been in preparation for some time, and Lwas carefully worked out by the adju tant general, extreme care nas oeen taken to obviate any doubt as to the identity of a soldier who may be killed or wounded. Consecutive numbers will not be given men of the same sur name. The numbers will never be changed and will never be assigned to other men. The numbers will start at "one" and continue without limit and no alphabetical prefix or affix will ac company them. Blocks of numbers will be allotted by the adjutant general to General Pershing, department com manders, commanding officers of di visional camps, ports of embarkation and recruit depots. The department thinks it unneces sary at present to number officers and civilians in the service but should it be deemed nccessarv later, the process will be independent of the enlisted men The British number neither officers nor civilians. The French number of ficers but not civilians. As it will take some time to number soldiers records at the war department commanders have been instructed to include in casualty reports the full name, grade and organization of each man reported, as well as his number after numbers have been assigned. Survivor List Unavailable WASHINGTON. Feb. 8. Seventy two hours after the Britisli liner Tus cania, laden with American troops and traveling with a large convoy, was tor pedoed and sunk off the Irish coast, the war department tonight still was unable to relieve the anxiety of rela tives and friends of those on lfoard by announcing the list of survivors. Even an official statement on the circumstances attending the sinking was lacking and official figures still failed to accord with press accounts of the number lost. The war department has had no offi cial report on losses to change the esti mate of yesterday, that 210 persons were missing, 113 of them being Amer ican soldiers. British admiralty figures given to The Associated Press at London to night show 166 missing. 147 of them American soldiers, four officers and 143 men. There were 115 American offi cers and 2,060 men on board the Tus cania and the admiralty reports among the survivors 113 officers and 1,917 men. In .spite of the' realization that the loss was remarkably small considering the number involved, the revised ad miralty report caused bitter disap pointment. Press dispatches last night indicating that the dead might not ex ceed one hundred had led to the hope that not more than fifty of -the sol diers had perished. A cablegram received by the navy department during the day announced that seventy-six officers and 1274 men of the army had been landed at Buncrana, Ireland that ninety-one sol diers are in hospitals at Londonderry, while 570 officers and men are at Islay. This gives a total of 2,011 but does not include the scattered survivors unof ficially reported in ports in Scotland. Additional details of the splendid conduct of the untried soldiers as de scribed in press dispatches today were received with pleasure by officials. . Captain Andre Tardieu, high com missioner of France in the United States, telegraphed this message to Secrct.fry Baker today from New York: "Accept my deepest feelings of sym pathy in the present bereavement of the American army." Mr. Baker replied: "Please accept my deep appreciation of your telegram. Our loss ie not so great as at first reported, but it is a contribution to the great cause which (Continued on Page Two) Sabine Pass For Aviators Charleston For Navy Yard Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Feb. 8. Sabine Pass, Texas, may be a station for avia tion purposes if developments make this step necessary, according to the sixth preliminary report of the com mission on navy yards and naval bases submitted to the senate today. ' Charleston offers the only site for a first-class navy yard between Halteras and Key West, in the opinion of the commission. All sites on the gulf are "remote from waters bordering on the Windward Islands and the Caribbean Sea. where it is thought future naval hostilities are likely to take place," but because of the possibility that the fleets combination with northern yards and resources might be interrupted, a baso of supply, with docking and repair facilities on the Gulf of Mexico might become necessary, it reads. Hurricanes along the South Atlantic and Gulf coasts, the report said, would be detriments to navy yards and the storms of recent years would have damaged even the largest ships. But even had a suitable location for a tirsi-chiss yard been decided upon, its establishment would not be necessary as' the commission believed the Charleston plant could handle all the) nevy needs in these waters.