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THE ARIZONA REPUBLIC AST
AN INDFPFIVIDEIMT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-EIGHTH YEAR 28 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 17, 1918 28 PAGES VOL. XXVHX, NO. 299 SUPPORT OF AMERICA IS NECESSARY TO INVASION OF SIBERIA SAYS JAPAN LABOR COMMITTEE TAKES ACTION WITH REGARD TO COTTON PICKING MATTER F y GENERAL SGDTT RELIEVED FROM LEADING POST! CMILUTOF BUILDING PLANS IS NEXT IN LINE GREAT WORKS D 1 No Reason Assigned for the Making- of Chief of Staff Only Commander of Camp Dix in New Jersey Field Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, March 16. Major General Hugh L. Scott, formerly ihif-f-staff, today was ordered re lieved of his command of flat 7Sth national army) division at Camp l)ix, N. J., and placrd in command if the camp itself, which is to be made an ebmai kation camp. Briga dier General James T. Dean has been appointed temporarily to command t lie 7ith division. No Reason is Given No official reason for the order, was assigned. General Scott came to Washington this week for exam ination !y the medical board ap pointed to determine the fitness of 'Hirers to hold commands on the fighting front in France, and he understood that he had passed the lest. live other divisional com manders had been relieved of their commands earlier in the week be eanse they had failed to pass the physical examination. The general policy in the war de partment has been not to give fight ing commands to officers who have reached the retirement age, in the belief that when an officer has passed fi- years he. is not qualified for the arduous duties which a command on the battle front entails. General Scott reached retirement age last September 'J, on which date he re linquished the post of chief-of-staff, hut was called back into active service. Sever Blow to Scott Friends of General Scott believed tonight that the orders of the de partment must have come as a severe blow to him, as ever since the United States entered the war General Scott had been hoping for an opportunity to command an active division in the great struggle. He welcomed his relief as chief-of-staff because it opened the way for his being re called for active service and assigned to a division. During his tour of inspection :' France, which fol lowed his return from Russia where lie saw the last offensive undertaken by the Russian army launched, Gen eral Scott took every means to pre pare himself for a command on the American sector. Send Officers Home ft. wan intended to have General' i ' i.-1'nti? return t. this country ti f. rtAvt ViV"-" the off cer i.o, .11. l.i.i upmio baite assimilated the l"t nis of modern warfare from ilie actual association with front line operations on the American sectors. The first increment will be from tiie officers who have been longest in Fiance. These will be replaced by an equal number of officers trained here in general staff work, and an interchange of information would be established between the department and the fighting forces which officials believe will be pro ductive to smooth administration. - o IS Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. March 16 Holland, on the eve of her shipping being taken over by the United States and Great Britain, has given evidence of a read ings to make a voluntary agreement to that purpose, even agreeing that the hhipM shall be sent turough the war 'one. In view of the continued pressure upon the Netherlands by Germany in opposition to such a step, officials here wciti mystiiied at the sudden change In the situation and began to speculate upon what arrangements Holland might have muile with Berlin. It was stated in official quarters that Hnlland probably would make liberal concessions to Germany when she turns the ships over to the allies, hut it was feared that the sudden acquiescence with the long-opposed provision that the ships be sent throiiKh the war zones, might indi cate that the Netherlands government was proposing something new in con nection with the negotiations which Llrcat Britain and tho United States would he unable to accept. IRDICfoTilLTY IS Republican A. P. Leased Wire BRIGHTON, Colo., March 16. The jury which heard the case of Philip Cohen, produce merchant of Sterling, Colo., on a charge -of robbery in con nection with the holdup of Mrs. Irene Nolan at the Model Roadhouse Janu ary 2, returned a verdict of guilty early this morning. The jury deliberated six hours. It was shortly after midnight when B. M. Lee, foreman of the jury, called the bailiff and announced that a decision had been reached by the 12 men. , Judge Class, who was preparing to leave for his home was summoned and the verdict received. conen wno nan neen placed in a coll in the basement of the court house was awakened from a sound sleep to hear the verdict. His only comment was "they could have read it without me here." Twenty days was allowed for the filing of a motion for a new trial. No bond for the release of Cohen will he fixed by the court until after Judge Class confers with District At torney Johnson. 1 TO AGREE TO WISH 0 UNITED STATES AGIST COREN Captain Kidd Piker Beside Isaac Shaffer Republican A. P. Leased Wire YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio, March 16. An iron pot, containing $115, 000 in gold coin, was unearthed Wednesday in an abandoned well on the Isaac Shaffer farm in Lawrence county, near Hillsville, Pa., it became known here today. Employes of a limestone com pany were blasting and coming to the well set off a charge which sent a shower of gold coin skyward. In 188, Isaac Shaffer, a rich cattle buyer, died. ' Stricken by apoplexy, he managed to mumble "gold" motioned toward his farm and fell dead. During the last 30 years his heirs have ex plored tho farm many times hop ing to find the treasure. . The gold has been deposited in a New Castle, Pa., bank. Heirs of Shaffer have claimed the treasure. o REICHSTAG' TO DISCUSS PEACE Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, March 16. An offi cial dispatch today from Berne said the German reichstag on Tuesday will discuss the treaty of peace with Russia with Chancellor von Hertling and For efgn Minister von Kuehlmann speaking for the government. On Wednesday the reichstag is to vote on the new 15,000, 000 marks war loan, with adjournment fixed for Friday. EIGHTY-FIVE NAMES CONTAINED llISECOniD BIG CASUALTY LIST SENT BY GEN. PERSHING Republican A. P. Leased Wire i , w ashinuto.n. March IB. eighty- five names, including those of nine of ficers one killed in action, one in an accident and seven sl-'ghtly wounded were contained in the casualty list is sued today by the war department. The list was divided as follows: Killed in action 8; Cied of wounds, 2: tlied of accidents, 6; died of disease 10; died from undetermined cause, one; (.lightly wounded, 58. . It was explained at the department that with two or three exceptions, the names in the list were cabled today by General Pershing. The exceptions were names held over from yesterday's casualty report because of difficulties in checking. Most of the forty odd names held up yesterday, however, were those of men recommended for promotion or mentioned In various ac tivities of the expeditionary forces. They at first were taken to be casual ties. Today's list, the first in weeks to contain the names of no men severely wounded, follows: Killed in action: - ' Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, March 16. With the creation of a construction division in the war department today to handle the largest single building program in history aggregating 11,080,000,090 a board of eminent experts appointed by Acting Secretary Crowll reported that the present form of construction con tract is "profiteer proof." The new construction division will replace the cantonment division which did the" preliminary work of building national army camps, and will carry on an immense building program in volving hundreds of thousands of workmen and extensive structures for the army throughout the country. It will be under the immediate direction of the chief of staff. Headed by Prof. A. N. Talbot of the University of Il linois, president of the American so ciety of civil engineers, the board in cludes John Lawrence Mauran of St. Louis, president of the American In stitute of Architects; Charles T. Main of Boston, president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers; John R. Alpine, representing the American Federation of Labor; R. Goodwyner- Republican A. P." LeasedVlre The first intimation from official sources that President Wilson possibly might soon make a statement bearing on the Russian debacle came today. Heretofore, statements that the pres ident was preparing to address con gress on the subject have been pure guesswork. Today brought the first of ficial intimation that the president in his close study of the situation has gotten to the point where he was thinking of such a, course. There is no official indication of th medium the president will choose or when he will choose it,, but it is gen erally beleved that as usual he will di rect his statement to the world through an address to a joint session of con gress. Sir Robert Cecil Statement Inferences drawn from statements Sir Robert Cecil, British minister of blockade, Field Marshal Hindenburg and General Ludendorf that Germany might be proposing a peace at the ex pense of Russia, made peace talk in general no more popular in Washing ton than it has been at any time sine the United States went to war. Offi cials everywhere, declining to maKe statements for the very reasons that CONSTRUCTION DIVISION TO WATCH OVER EXPENDITURE OF BILLION IWTHE PLAN PRESIDENT WILSON PLANNING TO ADDRESS CONGRESS UPON TENSE RUSSIAN SITUATION Tokio in Turmoil Over Big Plan of War Move Word From United States Most Anxiously Awaited There Republican A. P. Leased Wire TOKIO, Thursday, March 14. When a week ago the possibility of Japanese intervention in Siberia became known and a flood of opinion from the west ern press poured into Japan there was considerable excitement in the belief that speedy mobilization of the array any navy would be oraered. Extrem ists pictured airplanes over Tokio and submarines from Vladivostok. The hysterical "outs" in the diet heckled tne government, and the newspapers were filled with contrary views ac cording to the interests or the imagi nation of those responsible or those not responsible for the situation. "Safe, Sane and Loyal" Precently, however, the tone became quieter and it appears possible to see mora clearly th-i true Japanese out loo, which is characterized in many o.uarters as "entirely safe, sane and loyal." Today virtually the entire responsi ble press of the capital is advocating intervention in Siberia in co-operation with the entente allies and China, not directed against Russia, but as an ally loyal to the Russians, wishing to save the country. One of the most out spoken papers is the Kokumi Shim bun, owned and edited by Iichiro Toko tomi. a close personal friend of the premier's. United States Aid Vital Japan realizes, it is authoritatively stated, that if the United States de clined its support the situation will be exteremly delicave because of the financial and material assistance that (Continued on page 2.) Lieutenant John Normans Sergeant Louis E. Leffew, Corporal Leo H. Rogers, Privates Fred M. Eager, Charles T. E. Lugginfland. Claude W. Newlee, Srowe Petty, Oscar Swartz. Died of wounds: Corporal Marvin Bunn-, Private Dan P. Bracelin. Died of disease: . . Corporals Ignatius Fleming Walter E. Fnrsn, Herbert H. Krombaos, Percy Stone Hosworth, Privates Will -Galloway, nnrles M. Ifoeming, Theophile Joseph Prcnlx, " -Clare R.;'-Tapager, Frank Harrison Welch Wagoner Ar thur. E. Fisher. Died of accidents: Lieutenant Andrew Carl Ortmayer, Corporal Clifford J. Stevens, Privates John J. Brannon, Peter Cuzan, George Mock, John E. Hawkins. Died cause unknown: Sergeant Byrd W. Penrod. Among those wounded slightly are: Major John W. Downer, Captain Harry B. Whitney, Lientenants Blake H. Colley. Herbert J. Jones, Donald G. MacLachlan, Frank M. Mitchell War ren A. Ransom. - hett of Charleston, S. C, president of the chamber of commerce of the United States; E. W. Rice of Schenectady, N. Y., president of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers; Frederick L. Cranford of Brooklyn, N. Y., president of General Contractors' Association of New York and Oscar A. Reum of Chi cago, representing the Building Con struction Employers' association. A survey of the work to be done by the new construction division indicates the magnitude of the government's preparations to push the war to a suc cessful conclusion. There are already under way in the United States S5 big jobs aggregating 1205,000,000. There are in prospect 120 more representing $278,000,000. In additions there are 40 jobs for housing troops representing $390,000,000, while hospital construc tion alone represents $10,000,000. The work in prospect includes stor age terminals at Boston, Philadelphia, Charleston, S. C, and 28 other points; signal corps cantonments and aviation field at 40 different points; tubercu losis hospitals at Denver, . Colo., and Azalea, N. C; mechanical repair shops in Texas, and three great office build ings in Washington. any sort of a statement would give comfort to a peace movement, gave un mistakable indications of how unwel come peace discussions were at this time. This attitude of American officials found a highly interesting reflection in French official dispatches giving ac counts or tne interviews recently giv en by Hindenburg and Ludendorff at German headquarters and publications in iierman newspapers of the situation on tne eastern batle front ... A Dispatch From Berne An oficial dispatch today from Berne quotes a Berlin dispatch as declaring it was the eastern question which was the object of Hindenburg s recent con ference with the emperor and the chancellor. The government is expected to make a statement next week on the situation. The government, it Is de clarcd, is occupied with the result of conferences held between the leaders of the Polish activities and delegates from the majority in the reichstag. At these conferences there was planned an economic and political alliance be tween Poland and the central powers and even the conclusion of a military convention. The new Polish states would be unrelated to Prussian Poland and could expand in the east. Secretary MeAdoo in Letter to Mr. Gompers Urges Labor Seek Other Em ployment If Move Taken ReDUblican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, March 16. Secre tary MeAdoo today called on American labor not to ottject if the nation's war policy of conserving credit results in curtailed building operations, but to - SECRETARY McADOO Drastic' Plans of Retrenchment In dicated in His Letter seek some other kind of employment I if necessary as a patriotic duty. I In a letter to Samuel Gompers, pres ident of the American Federation of Labor, answering a protest by the building trades council of San Fran cisco and other labor unions against the shutting down of building during the war, Mr. MeAdoo said: "Men are needed to build ships, to build houses to house men working in the shipyards, to erect plants to pro duce war material, to run our rail roads, to operate war industries, and to produce food required by the allies and ourselves. These needs are already great and will .increase not lessen, as the war progresses. If our wage earn ers are unable to find employment for which they are best fitted and which they would prefer, or if they are un able to find employment where it would be most convenient for them to work. the opportunity is presented to render a most patriotic service in this period of national stress by seeking other kinds of employment, and, if need be, moving to other districts where work is to be had." Would not Stop' Home Building The. .secretary explained that ' the government does not seek to prevent building of Ivwnes and other structures which lire absolutely neid, bit it n courages the postponing of "building operations which are not required to protect the health or provide for the comfortable needs of our people, or to supply facilities necessary to the proper conduct of business essential to the successful prosecution of the war." The secretary's letter was made pub lie, together with one from J. B. Dens- more .director of the United States employment service, to Paul M. War burg, chairman of the federal reserve board s capital issue committee, say ing the department of labor would as sist workmen in finding employment in other occupations or other districts. . o WAR REVIEW OF THE DAY . Republican A. P. Leased WlreJ Russia has bowed to the central powers. The hard terms ot tne peace treaty submitted by the Germans at Brest-Litovsk have been agreed to by the all-Russian congress of Soviets, in session at Moscow, in spite of the op position of an independent element or the Russian people. The result of the vote was lorecast in the announcement from Moscow on Friday that the Bolsheviki delegates to the Moscow congress had, at a party caucus, voted in favor of ratification. The message sent by President nil- son to the congress, m which he ex pressed his sympathy with the Russian people, was read at the opening ses sion on Thursday night. It ' was re ceived with marked enthusiasm,-and a reply embodying a resolution of appre ciation was. sent to tne American people. Opposition was spirited That there was spirited opposition to the ratification of the treaty, is evi denced by reports that trouble broke out on Fridav between the Bolshevik! and social revolutionaries of the left. who have been representing the council of peoples commisionaries. The militry situation on. tne tranco Belsrian front has shown A no marked change in the last 24 hours. The most notable development was tne increas ing activity bv the British on the old Ai-ras front from Arras itself as far south as St. Quentin. reported by Ber lin. ADDarentlv the British long range guns were doing effective work some distance Demna tne uerman lines in Flanders. Verdun Front Active Both German and French reports show that heavy artillery fire has been in progress in the A erdun region, ana that there has been brisk work by the batteries near Rheims, on the Lorraine front and in Alsace. Interesting possibilities are suggest ed by the revelation in Saturday's Ger man official statement that a new Gef man army group has been created on the front in northern France. It is under command of General von Gall witz, an officer previously prominent in the Russian and Serbian campaigns, and apparently transferred to the western front late last year and put in command of the Verdun sector, in cluded within the front occupied by the German crown prince's army group. Germany Threatens Holland Although Germany has been threat ening Holland with dire things if The Netherlands government should agree to allow its ships now in entente allied ports to pass definitely into the hands of the allies, it is indicated in Amster dam advices that Holland has agreed to meet the allied demands, including the right to use the ships in the dan ger zone. She has been given to un derstand that the vessels would be taken over March IS under the provi sion of international law. if she did not before that time agree to the en tente allies' terms.' Government Supervision of Importation of Mexicans Needed to Pick Cotton is Urged After Long Hearing Members of the labor committee of the Arizona State Council of De fense, after two days of hearing of various arguments in the matter of the securing of adequate labor for the harvesting of the 1918 cotton crop in the Salt River valley, yes terday adopted the following resolu tions, adoption being unanimous: Be it resolved; that the secre tary of labor be requested at the expiration of the time now al lowed for Mexican laborers who were admitted under the suspen sion of the literacy test, head tax and contract labor provisions of the immigration act to extend the period for six months for those now here, and that in the further extension they be allowed to stay here until February, 1919, for agricultural purposes. Be it resolved; 1. It appears that by September there will be a need of additional agricultural labor in Arizona for cotton pick ing, according to figures submit ted by the Arizona Cotton Grow ers' association to the extent of 25,600 additional agricultural la borers; also, according to tneir figures, there may be a shortage during the coming chopping sea son to the extent of 7,000 addi tional agricultural laborers; 2. We therefore suggest that immediate steps be taken by the department of labor to ascertain to whfat extent this shortage can be met through the American labor supply, and insofar as pos sible to secure such American labor to meet this, demand; 3. We suggest that the secre tary of labor be requested to con tinue the suspension of the liter acy tst, head tax, and contract labor provisions of the immigra tion act relating to the importa tion of agricultural labor - from Mexico that any remfaining agri cultural labor shortage of Ari zona may be promptly cared for by this means; 4. That the importation of Mexican labor for agricultural purposes be undertaken under government supervision and under conditions laid down by the sec- : retary of labor. , Be it i rsoIvd by the labor committee of tne Arizona Council of Defense that they recommend that early action be t?akn for reducing fares for transportation ' of labor moving under the direc tion of the secretary of labor. A copy of this resolution to be transmitted" to the senators and representatives from Arizona rand to the secretary of labor. Consideration Was Complete The labor committee of the Arizona State Council of Defense concluded its two-day session yesterday after noon, the last half day of the meet ing being an executive conterence, The fullest opportunity was given the Arizona Cotton Growers' associa tion for a full presentation of its (Continued on Page Two) TO POLE BY AIRSHIP Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW .YORK, March 16. Ronald Amundsen, discoverer of the South pole, has not abandoned his plan to reach the North pole by the joint use of a specially constructed ship and an airplane, he announced upon his ar rival here today from an extended visit to the American trenches in Eu rope. The trip to the western front was undertaken at the suggestion of the committee on public information and Captain Amundsen will tell Amer (can audiences in a series of lectures of conditions in the war zone and of the part American soldiers are taking. Captain Amundsen said . he would be ready to start on his journey to the North pole in July ana was anxious to return to his home in Chnstiania, Norway where he har gathered sun pliesfor a seven-years' trip and where the vessel which is to carry him and his party to the far north is being built. AROUND THE WORLD WITH THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AGAINST PROPAGANDA NEW YORK. March 16. The na tional security league announced to day designations of university pro fessors to carry on educational work of the organization in combatting German propaganda. TAKE RUSSIAN SHIPS AMSTERDAM, March 16. A tele gram from Berlin to the Koelnische Volks Zeitung states that the Ger mans found fifteen Russian warships in the harbor of Odessa when that city was occupied. NAMED TO TOP COURT AUSTIN, Texas, March 16. Judge T. B. Greenwood, Palestine, Texas, attorney, today was appointed an associate justice of the supreme court to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Judge J. E. Yantis. The appointment is effective April 1. CLEAN KNOCKOUT MEMPHIS, Tenn., March 16. Jack Dempsey of Salt Lake City tonight knocked out Jack Smith o.f Chicago in , the f irt . round of a scheduled 8-round bout here tonight. The fight lasted . less than two minutes, and in that time Smith was floored three times. GRAND OLD TIGER BOSTON, March 16. Premier Clemenceau of France has ordered that any ,pro-Germans found in the country shall be taken out and shot, according to M. Marcel Knecht a member of the French high commis sion, who addressed an assemblage of prominent Jewish business men at 'the City club .'tonight. WHEAT PFOBLEM IS TACKLED FROM TWO ANGLES IN CAPITAL Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, March 16. While the food administration was miaking plans today to meet the critical wheat shortage by a further reduction in consumption, the senate again took up the debated legislation to in crease production by raising the price of the 1918 crop. The food administration, was stir red to action by reports from the department of agriculture showing that the supply of wheat on farms and in country elevators is far less than it was 'a year ago. The senate considered a bill by Senator Gore of Oklahoma to fix the price at $2.50, or thirty cents a bushel more than was set in a recent proc lamation by President Wilson. In the house today also a bill was in troduced by Representative Morgan of Oklahoma to appropriate J300,- 000,000 to compensate producers for the losses they sustained when the government established Its 1917 price at a figure lower than the then market price. Speaking for his bill, senator uore declared that of 100 leading com modities which had advanced in price within the last year, the increase in farm products had been the least Senator Williams of Mississippi, democrat, opposed price fixing legis lation, , declaring farmers should be allowed a free market for their pro ducts. o , ,- Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. Marc'j 16. William Lusso, a seaman of. an American de stroyer in the war zone, was killed and three others of the shin's evewwitgfctry wounded last January 16 when the armed naval guard on an American liner fired on this convoying destroyer after mistaking her in the darKness tor an enemy submarine. In making this known late today, the navy department said Vice Admiral Sims had named a court of inquiry which is making a thorough invsti- gation. When the liner reached her destination the master gave a complete account of the accident to Admiral Sims, but it has not been made public, nor has there been any announcement as to the extent of the damage to the destroyer. Report Sent by Mail Admiral Sims' report on the accident was sent to the department by mail, but the name of the seaman was cabled when the destroyer reached port, th dispatch merely saying that he had been killed in an "accident," and it was so announced by the department. In the absence of details, officials of the navy department hesitated to com ment on the case. It was suggested, however, that the destroyer might have run out of the place assigned her in the convoy and thus aroused the sus picion of the gun crew. Appearance Deceiving Under certain atmospheric condi tions, or at night, one of the new .type destroyers might easily appear to be a large submarine, her mast being about the same height and the flush deck hull being almost awash in a choppy sea. So far as known, this was the first accident of its kind among American vessels in the war zone, but some months ago an American warship in the Mediterranean fired on an Italian submarine after it had failed to reveal its nationality when signalled to do so by the American. One man on the submarine- was killed and another wounded. TWENTY BURNED TO DEATH TURO. N. S., March 16. Twenty persons -were burned to death in a fire which destroyed a lumber camp at Alvin Siding on the Canadian gov ernment railroad fifteen miles from here today. Of those in the camp, only four persons, including the own er, A. A. Sutherland, and his son Max, escaped. DEMAND CASH AS USUAL JASSY. Rumania, Friday, March 15. After the Germans entered Odessa on Wednesday, the Bolsheviki embarked on steamers for Sebastopol. Before leaving. General Muravief, ordered the massacre of officers, cap italists and bourgeoisie and demanded the payment of 20.000,000 rubles by the population of the city. - HORSES DIE BY HUNDREDS COVINGTON, Ky March 16, The toll of dead horses, part of a ship ment of 726 government animals from Camp Grant, Ills., bound for an At lantic port, tonight reached approxi mately 400, and many more are ex pected to die. It is suspected that the death of the animals was brought about by a poison plot. DILLION IS OUTSPOKEN ENNISKILLEN, Ireland, March 16. John Dillon, who succeeded John Redmond as leader of the Irish Na tionalists, replying to congratulatory addresses today. said his first task would be to tell England before the world that her statesmen must cease to talk of a league of nations or pretend to carry on this war in 'de fense of small nationalities unless she first set her own house in order and .set free a nation that had for 700 years groaned under her mis-government. raorasM FIRED UPON DURING DIM EM PISH Greatest. Railway Yards in All Europe Developed by Americans Within World Record as to Time Republican A. P. Leased Wire ON BOARD SECRETARY BAKER'S SPECIAL TRAIN IN FRANCE. Thursday, March 14. Newton L. Bak er, secretary of war, spent a large part of the day in a rude observation car, which was only a flat car hastily fitted at the luncheon hour with pine bench es. The car traversed the railway yards of the American forces, which spread over the lowlands bordering a certain water front in France. The yards will be the biggest thing of the kind in Europe when finished some thing to bring railway engineers from afar in France to see. The trackage will be 228 miles and will provide for 2,500 incoming freight ears and 2,500 outgoing cars, as well as 3,200 on the interior switches. General Pershing Explains General Pershing and Brigadier General Atterbury explained them in abundant detail as the flat cars of Gen eral Pershing were drawn slowly over the trunk and switching lines during the afternoon. A dozen or more French and American engineers were in the party, some of whom were members of the engineering staff which con structed the yards, and they added a point now and then to General Persh ing's explanation. Dredges are constantly at work along the water front, and nearby the ware houses of steel and galvanized iron are rising along the switching arteries. This development is purely for Amer lean military requirements and will provide a rather small port in France with potentialities equal to those of Hamburg, as one of the French offi cials said to the correspondent. What is Done and Doing Secretary Baker's first work after his conferences with the French state ment and American generals at the capital has been to begin his study of what the Americans are doing and ought to do in France by a survey of a great port department. l am still absorbing, said he at the end of a four-hour day. "I must say frankly that I did not know the immensity of the enterprise which we have undertaken in opening new ports. and' when I see what we have accom plished here I am satisfied." Marshes Are Reclaimed The American war secretary at the port in question was attended bv Gen eral Pershing, Major General William M. Black, Brigadier General W. W. At terbury and the officers of the en gineers who have been creating a vast new equipment for docking and un loading ships. The secretary walked f'W three miles along the American army dock front, already constructed or in the process of construction, as an ex tension to the berths for a number of ships placed at the disposal of the Americans by the French government. Two miles of this new sea frontage consisted of marshes on October 1, last. The ground has been filled in from dredging . and deepening the water fronts, and ships are already alongside some of these new berths. On other parts of the frontage concrete ware- (Continued on Page Two) o Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK, March 16. Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, vigorously de fended the loyalty of organized labor in the war against Germany, in an address today at a meeting called by che National Civic Federation to dis cuss after war problems. Mr. Gompers' address was in reply to a talk by Paul Kellogg, editor of Sur rey, in which he made reference to the failure of the American Federation to have representatives at the interna tional labor conference in London Feb ruary 20. Mr. Gompers said the Amer ican Federation of Labor was not rep resented because the invitation was re ceived too late. Asserting that the Bolsheviki and other radical elements have been, and are trying to misrepresent American organized labor, Mr. Gompers said: "There is something about the labor movement in America, of which you may be assured, it must be altogether . American. "Furthermore, the labor movement of America will not be represented at any conference in any country where representatives of an enemy country are present." Don't 'Trust German News "They try to make us believe that the workers of Germany are ready to join in a peace movement," continued Mr. Gompers. 'And that we needn't prepare too much for war. But you don't hear that there is any real at tempt at pacifism in Germany. Our pacifists may be earnest and honest, but they are pursuing a . mistaken course. To wean the people of the al lied countries from the will to fight for the right, to talk peace now, is not do ing the cause of the United States and our allies the right kind of service." Assailing the alleged vagaries of'Mr, Kellogg and other "intellectuals" who, he said, favored an international con ference to include the workers from the central powers Mr. Gompers said: l m not going to give up the Amer ican labor movement, with its great achievements of today, to look for the chimerical, fantastical Bolshevik prom ises of tomorrow. Why, the Bolsheviki not only have lost all the meat from the bone, but they have lost the bona itself. They went out to obtain the maximum for the masses of labor, and now they have neither land, bread nor peace." PEACE BY U-BOAT GOMPERS WARNS ALL: LABOR NOT TO HEED GERMAN PROPAGANDA Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, March 16. "If we con tinue the U boat war without flinching, we can secure a peace with England which will insure for Germany's navy a base off the Flemish coast for all time," Admiral von Tirpitz is quoto4.jp, declaring; in a recent telegram, ; '