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KE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL t TWENTY-EIGHTH YEAK 28 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 12, 1918 28 PAGES VOL. XXYm., NO. 355 f 11 FMESHPEif F TIE WW El STATTES-A FBOOA ir WHEREAS, the Congress of the United States, on the second day of April last, passed the following resolution: "Resolved by the senate (the house of represen tatives concurring) that, it being a duty peculiarly incumbent in a time of war humbly and devoutly to acknowledge our dependence upon Almighty God and to implore His aid and protection, the president of the United States be, and he is hereby respectful ly requested to recommend a day of public humilia tion, prayer and fasting to be observed by the people of the United States with religious solemnity and the offering of fervent supplications to Almighty God for the safety and welfare of our cause, His blessings on our arms and a speedy restoration of honorable and lasting peace to the nations of the earth and, Whereas, it has always been the reverent habit of the people .of the United States to turn in humble appeal to Almighty God for His guidance in the affairs of their common, life; Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, president of the United States of America, do hereby pro claim Thursday, the thirtieth day of May, a day already freighted with sacred and stimulating memories, a day of public humiliation, prayer and fasting, and do exhort my fellow citizens of all faiths and creeds to assemble on that day in their several places of worship and there, as well as in their homes, to pray Almighty God that He may for give our sins and shortcomings as a people and purify our hearts to see and love the truth, to accept and defend all things that are just and right, and to purpose only those righteous acts, and judgments which are in conformity with His will; beseeching Him that He will give victory to our armies as they fight for freedom, wisdom to those who take counsel on our behalf in these days of dark struggle and perplexity, and steadfastness to our people to make sacrifices to the utmost support of what is just and true, bringing us at last the peace in which men's hearts can be at rest because it is founded upon mercy, justice and good will. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done in the District of Columbia this eleventh day of May in the year of our Lord nineteen hun dred and eighteen, and of the Independence of the United States the one hundred and forty-second. WOODROW WILSON. By the President, Robert Lansing, Secretary of State. DEPORTATION IN BISIEIDBI OUT III CHICAGO I. W. AY. Trial Evidence In cludes "Vision" of Mob Triumph Over Govern ment of the United States LONDON REVIEWS FIRST SOLDIERS NATIONAL ARMY Republican A. P. Leased Wire CHICAGO, llav 11. A strange vi sion picturing President Wilson and his cabinet in flight and Industrial Workers nf the World rising up as fcaviors of tho people came to Har rison George, a defendant, and in printed form was submitted as evi dpneo today in the trial of 113 lead ers of tho organization for alleged seditious conspiracy. The vision, which the government charges was part of a conspiracy to block Americas war program, was Kiven wide circulation last summer and described tho nation's Industrial system tumbling like a house of blocks through tho practice of sabotage against great producing plants. "War Against War" This and scores of other documents defying the government, assailing con scription and urging "war against K-or" were read into the records. A resolution drawn up by the gen eral executive board opposing war was placed in the records over objection of counsel for the defense who de clared there was no evidence showing It was adopted last July as contended y tho posecution. At adjournment tonight the govern ment virtually had completed the in troduction of printed matter used in the alleged anti-war campaign and ex pects to follow with matter from the personal files of leaders of the organ ization Monday. Some Vision "Seen"' "Workers of all lands, arouse!" said the printed 'vision' published by the Industrial Workers. "Conscription is u challenge. We call upon workers ot America and all involved nations to meet conscription or declarations of war by general strikes and insurrec tion. We call upon you in that hour to seize control of all industries. Break your chains, assert your power!' After asserting that the I. W. W. was deluged with pledges of support and that world-wide strikes were about to occur, the "vission" con tinued: "Mobilization crippeld more and more as days pass, federal officials are in a panic and the rich are flee ing the country in private yachts." Would Stall Trains It added that through sabotage hundreds of trains were stalled, wheels of industry had ceased to turn, cities were dark and troops were dis banding fnr lack of food. "The president and his cabinet leave secretly on a yacht for parts un known; the senate fades away." Government attorneys declare the article was in effect a promise to members of results that would be ob tallied if tho "war against war'' was properly conducted. In Australian Campaign "The I. W. W. is credited with dc featlng conscription In Australia and although not so successful in New Zealand it still had power to fine the powers that be BO per cent of their profits for the crime of putting it over, said an article of March 11 In Solidarity. "Wo point with prido to the facts and assure the rebel workers of this and other lands that we will bo loyal to our trust." "Ked card men (I. W. .) are shrewd, determined and loyal to the aue they love," said Solidarity on August 11. "There, would not bo so lioitors enough in tho country to round them up, nor Jails enough to hold them." Touches on Deportation As late as September 1. Just before the government's nation wide raid, the membership was informed through Solidarity that "the future now belongs lo labor, and no power on earth can make It otherwise." "The sky is bright with the red morning of freedom. Time will prove that more history was made In Hisbee, Arizona, and Butte Mon tana, than in all the shell-swept hills of F rance." o SUMMER AT CAPITOL Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. May 11. President Wilson has decided to spend the entire summer in Washington this year as he did last, so that he can keep In con stant touch with the war mnchlnery. FRENCH HERO WILL TELL TALE OF 111 If MEETING TODAY British Capital Turns Out to Greet First Soldiers of America's Army; Review by Royalty .and Premier MASS MEETING PROGRAM FOR TODAY AT 3 O'CLOCK Presiding Dwight B. Heard, chairman State Council of Defense. Welcome to Visitors Governor George W. P. Hum. Addresses Georgee Porinton Chandler, representing the National Council of Defense. Professor Guy Stanton Ford, dean of the University of Minnesota. Speaker of the day Lieutenant Paul Perigord, of the French army. Music Indian school band. Lead en Peter A. Venne; Phoenix Libertr chorus, director, AVilliam Conrad Mills. Committee on arrangements J. D. Loper, Colonel W. A. Glassford, Charles IL Osbuxn, C, R. Green. Sweeping through tho a'est and southwest in a blazing path of pa triotic fervor, rousing the people to greater heights of feeling and inspir ing them w-ith the desire to. work in unity and to give all and to sacrifice all to save their country and the world from the clutches of a despoiling (Continued on Page Two) o T. E PERIGORD 15 II WELCOME (Special to The Republican) BISBEB, Ariz., May 11. A message of optimism and cheer, with assurance that victory will come to the American armies, was delivered to residents of the Warren district last night by Lieu tenant Paul Perigonl, of the French army, who brought to the people of this state the warmest greetings of the French army and the French peo ple. Despite cold weather, the largest and most enthusiastic audience in the history of the district, stood two hours in the city park to hear the hero of the Marne. Faith in the people of America who have saved their flag from a stain which could never be erased or wiped out by entering the war at the side of the allies, faith in the people of France and England and other allied countries, and belief in God, gave the lieutenant every assurance that victory will fall to the arms of the allies. He discounted the gains of the Germans on the western front of the past few weeks, with the statement that they are nothing in this war. He predicted the end of the war when the allied armies shall have crossed the Rhine. Guy Stanton Ford reviewed briefly the educational preparation thrnuarb which Germany has gone in making ready for this war, while George B. Chandler called on the people of the district and the state for unity in ac tion and endeavor and thought to the end that the war may be brought to a rpcvuy conclusion. Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON. May 11. Three thousand American soldiers marched through London today. They were men of the new national army of which London had often heard, but whom they had never before been privileged to see in marching order. The weather was perfect and London turned out in masses and lined up along the broad avenue of "The Royal Borough of Westminster." The crowds were even greater than on the occasion when the American Engineers marched over the same route several months ago. ..... Friends and Brothers There was a difference in the wel come which London gave to today's marchers. When the engineers marched, American troops were curiosi ties and were cheered as something novel and new. Today London has be come accustomed to the American khaki and today's marchers were greet ed as friends and brothers. Nearly All from Gotham The Americans, who were virtually ail irom isew ork city, marched in columns of fours from Wellington bar racks over a three-mile route, circling that part of London in which are lo cated the government offices, the em bassies and the principal public buildings. With American preciseness. the pa rade kept exactly to the time table laid out for it. The first men filed out of the parade ground at Wellington bar racks into the famous Birdcage walk at exactly 11:45 o'clock. . Premier Gives Praise On the war office balcony were Premier Lloyd George and the war cabinet, which had suspended its sit tings in order to view the paraders. The highest compliment Mr. Lloyd George could pay them was to say ad miringly, "They have the same swing as our Welsh troops." At Buckingham palace King George and Queen Mary, the dowager queen, Alexandra, and the Duke of Connaught stood in front of the middle gate. where they shook hands with General Biddle. The king took the salute from the guard of honor which, with the famous Grenadiers' band, was drawn up in the street. King and Queen Praise At the end of the parade, the king and queen congratulated General Biddle, who chatted with the royal party for several minutes. The Americans returned to aslnng ton barracks for luncheon, as the guests of the British Guards regiment. They returned to camp by an early afternoon train. A touch was given the parado along the line of marchby several banners and flags. On the front steps of the ministry of munitions, girls held up a banner with red and bluo letters on white, reading: "Gee, this is bully. Say, whero do we go from here?" Pago Reviews Troops . Ambassador Page reviewed the troops from a point just in front of the embassy steps. To his right and left end slightly behind him were Vice Admiral Sims and Colonel Slocum and a detachment of the United States troops as an embassy guard. The troops took about 25 minutes to pass. The greater part of the crowd was at Buckingham palace, but the sidewalks, windows and porches about the "embassy were black with specta tors. The approach of the column was Mother's Day, Carnation of White is Worn Wear a white carnation today in honor of your mother. Everywhere in this broad land today is being observed as "Mother's Day," one day of the whole busy 365 set aside for the especial remembering and honor ing of the mothers, living or dead. By a ballot never taken, by unan imous consent never spoken, by a law not on statute books, the carnation has been adopted as the emblem of Mother's Day, and the tens of thousands of these little flowers worn today in lapel or on gown will betoken the fealty and love and remembrance of son or daughter for the mother living or dead. In thousands of churches today the mother will have a special place in the sermon, will be the theme of many a discourse. Cards posted in .conspicuous places in ' hotels and public buildings caution the son or daughter to observe the day by writing a letter to their mother. In proclamations by executives regarding Mother's Day, a special reason for its observance is noted in the sacrifices of the great war and the silent, yet heroic part the mothers of the nation are called upon to assume. In calling upon the people of Arizona to observe this Sunday, May 12, as Mother's Day, Gover nor Hunt says: "Since our country has entered upon the war for the freedom of the world, I have made many calls upon the people of this state ap pealing to their patriotism and of ten to their generosity. The re sponse has always been immediate and spontaneous. And so in mak ing this proclamation it is with the feeling and the hope that the answer will come from every cor ner, from every home, and from every heart in the state. "The second Sunday in May has for the past few years come to be accepted as Mother's Day. This year it seems that every day is Mother's Day. The soldier goes to his duty tuned to the excite ment of the hour and the com panionship of his fellow-soldiers; the wage earned goes to his work with the firm determination to do his utmost, but the mother must stay at home wih her many du ties, to be sure but always with the solitary thought that the lives she has brought into the world are somewhere on the field of battle. Her's is the real the greatest sacrifice. All that can sustain her is the belief, the surety, that the sacrifice she makes will insure for the mothers of tomorrow a world made free for the bearing of their children. "Therefore, with prayer in our hearts and a smile of comfort on cur lips, I ask the people of Ari zona to dedicate the 12th day of May to the mothers. May God bless them and keep them." , GEO. W. P. HUNT, Governor of Arizona. o (Continued on rage Two) WAR TAX DEBATED I Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. May 1 1. .Necessity for vnr t;ix If gislutiun at this session nf ciii','iesw rei-nniniPiidrd by Secretary McAduo wax debuted In iefly today in 'tie. house. . ... AROUND THE WORLD WITH THE ASSOCIATED PRESS MT. CORNO STORMED ROME, May 11. Italian troops stormed Monte Corno and took about 100 prisoners, two guns and four ma chine guns Thursday night, according to an official statement issued by the war office. WELL SHOOTERS KILLED WELLSEURG, W. Va.. May 11. Robert Pugh and J. L. Williams, oil well shooters, were instantly killed five miles from here today by the explo sion of a quantity of nitroglycerine. NINE MEN COMMENDED WASHINGTON, May 11. Secretary Daniels today commended nine men of the I'liitcd Stales, steamship Parker fr gallantry and heroism displayed in the rescue of survivors of the steam er Glcnart Castle, sunk February 26. Among them is Electrician David L. Morgan, Wichita Falls, Texas. JUDGE KOHLSAAT DEAD CHICAGO, May 11. C. C. Kohlsaat, for years judge of the United States circuit court ot appeals, died suddenly at his homo here tonight. Heart dis ease is believed to have been the cause. He retired apparently in the best of health but an hour later called his wife, dying shortly after she reached his side. , SHIP LAUNCHED IN DARK BEAUMONT. Texas. May 11. The Beaumont. Shipbuilding and Drydock company launched No. 1 ship here to night in in'.y darkness, the 3500-ton Ferris-type vessel sliding into the water at 8:20 o'clock. The company launched the ship tonight in order to start another ship on the same ways Morclav moraine. HUN REPORT OF DAMAGE DONE IS SHOWN TO BE LIE OFFICIAL STATEMENTS ENGLISH Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, May 11. Field Mar shal Haig's report from General headquarters in France tonight, says: "A raid attempted by ihe enemy in the neighborhood of Neuville Vitasse was repulsed. There is nothing further of special interest to report." FRENCH Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, May 11. The Germans attacked the French lines today after violent artillery fire south west of Mailly-Raineval and gained a small section of territory, which was retaken by the French by a brilliant counter attack, accord ing to the war office announce ment tonight. The Germans suf fered heavy losses. The text reads: "After very violent artillery preparations the Germans, with special assault troops attacked this morning our positions in the Bois La Cauneu southwest of Mailly Raineval. Favored by mist, the enemy gained a footing in the northern part of the wood, but was driven out by a -brilliant counter attack by our troops, who com pletely re-established our lines. The Germans suffered very heavy losses and left in our hands about one hundred unwounded prisoners, fifteen machine guns and material. "There was lively artillery ac tion in the region of Orvillers-Sorel." Next Move Conceded to von Hindenburg; Boches Tell of Killing Allies and British State Facts PRESIDENT APPEALS FOR OBSERVANCE OE DAY OF MOTHERHOOD Republican A. P. Leased Wire "WASHINGTON, May 11. A nation's unity tomorrow in reverence and in homage to motherhood was asked to night by President Wilson in a Moth ers' day message to the American people. . . Messages to American mothers also were issued tonight , by Secretary of War Baker. Secretary of tho Navy Daniels and Dr. Anna Howard Sbaw, chairman of the Women's committee of the Council of National Defense. Mr. Baker's message was a word from the soldiers at the front asking their mothers to be of good cheer, whlie Mr. Daniel's called upon the nation to join in prayer for all mothers of the defenders of democracy. President Wilson's message, issued in response to a house resolution, said: "I take the liberty of calling special attention to the fact that this is Mothers' day and 1 take advantage of the occasion to suggest that during this day our attention be directed particularly to the patriotic sacrifices which are being so freely and so gen erally made by tho mothers of our land in unselfishly offering their sons to bear arms, and if need be, to die in defense of liberty and justice, and that we especially' remember these mothers in our prayers, praying God for His divine blessing upon them and upon their sons whose whole hearted service is now given to the country which we. lovo.' GERMAN Republican A. P. Leased Wire BERLIN, May 11, (via London.) Heavy losses were inflicted on the American troops southwest of Apremont and north of Parroy by a stronq mine bombardment, ac cording to the official communi cation from general headquarters today. The text of the statement reads: "On the western bank of Avre the enemy obtained a footing in Grivsnes park; for the rest his attack broke down with san guinary losses. "There were reeonnoitering en gagements on the Oise-Aisne canal and in Champagne and northeast of Panth-a-Mousson. "In Apremont wood, we repulsed the advance of a French batt .!ion which was supported by pioneers and flame throwers. "By means of a strong mine bombardment we inflicted heavy losses on the Americans south west of Apremont and north of Parroy. "In the Kemmel region the ar tillery activity was lively at in tervals and we carried out minor operations successfully. "Local attacks by the French north of Kemmel and near Locre were repulsed. "On the Somme battle field vio lent infantry engagements often developed. After artillery prepar ations extending over several hours English regiments attacked in vain our' lines in Aveluy wood. Their attacking waves suffered heaviest losses under our fire. Night at tacks by the enemy against Han gard also failed." Small Engagements ' BERLIN, May 11, (via London.) The official report from general . headquarters this evening says: "There were local infantry en gagements on the southern bank of the Lys and the western bank of the Avre. Otherwise there was nothing of importance." GLOBE SUBURB $610 FIRE LOSS Republican A. P. Leased Wire GLOBE, May 11. Fire of unknown origin , destroyed the postoffice and general store, an unoccupied store building, two private dwelling houses and a rooming house at Copper Hill, a suburb of Globe, this afternoon The estimated damage is $8,000. No insurance was carried by any of the owners. The. tire department wa called upon for assistance and aided In 81000108- the fire. GEN. MAURICE IS ON HID PAY FOR HIS ACTION Republican A. P. Leased Wire WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN FRANCE, May 11. Another day has run its course without any Infantry action of great importance having oc curred along the' far eastern battle front Certain posts at various points, desirably located, continue to be the objects of bickering between the op posing forces and the artillery was usy pounding out its freight of de struction. But von Hindenburg, to whom the next move has thus far been conceded, was still holding his hand. Line Sways Back and Forth Last evening French poilus stormed and occupied a pile of brick, once the hamlet of Boulooze, just south, of Scherpenberg hill, and they also smashed the Germans out of Boulooze cabaret, nearby. But an enemy counter attack during the night seems to have forced the French to retire to their previous line. Boulooze is on com paratively high ground which has been hotly contested in recent days. French btart Advance Tho French this morning initiated a local operation on a little stream known as Ariverbeek, which empties into the southern end of Nickcnbush lake but. according to the latest re ports, no decision has teen reached in this engagement. It seema passing strange that the enemy has not made any big drive before this and it will be stranger still if many days pass without a renewal of the offensive. There is no doubt that the Germans are anxious to begin operations as soon as possible and the delay if such it may be termed indicates the prob ability of an extensive push being prepared. Hun Hampered by Allies The completion of the enemy plans undoubtedly has been hampered greatly by the excellent work of the allies, particularly in the aviation and artillery branches, but even this could hardly hold back an attack indefinitely. l here are many signs that point to another violent attack, such as ush ered in the offensive of March 21, and a large part of the battle front would be involved if what seems to be the present plans of the Germans were put into execution. The Germans have recently made some extravagant claims in their wire less dispatches regarding the British casualties, it being asserted that enormous losses" had besn suffered by the various British units on thn Lys and Somme battlefields. Real Figures are Given It now is possible to rivn thp. tnssps of a few of the units referred to. Here are some typical instances of allega tions maao by the enemy. The Ger man statement asserted that the 56th division was "almost completely wiped OUt." This division lost 4?. officers and 1,423 other ranks. The Fifth Berk shire regiment was, according to the Germans, "annihilated." The Berk shire casualties were 15 officers and 300 other ranks. Berlin asserted that me .twenty-third royal fusiliers recri- mem was among tne regiments which have suffered most heavily." This unit lost five officers and 250 other ranks. xne iourth Yorkshires. Berlin as serted, "were captured almost com pletely." The Yorkshire had 191 men missing. 0 Military Authority Paying for Note to Press Which Caused Crisis in Lloyd George Cabinet in London Republican A. P. Leased WlreJ LONDON, May 11. The array council, having considered the ex planations tendered by General Fe4 erick B. Maurice, has decided that he shall be placed forthwith upon retired pay. The retirement of General Maurice was made known tonight by a brief statement from the war office. It reads as follows: "The army council, having consid ered the explanations tendered by Major General Maurice of a breach o regulations committed by him In writ ing and causing to be published a let ter which appeared in the press on o FIGHTTR NSFE ED FROM L TO Br BRITISH AIRMEN BALLOON AOCIDEIM T IS 10 MYSTERY Republican A. P. Leased WlreJ SAN ANTONIO. Texas, May 11. Leaping from the basket of a runaway "Sausage" balloon which broke its moorings at Camp John A. Wise, near here this morning, two cadets, after a thrilling cross country ride, landed in safety by means of parachutes which were attached to their uniforms. One cadet named McKenna, landed near a small town in Comal county, 25 miles from the city. He dropped from a height of 500 feet. McKenna, who declined to give his initials or the name of his companion, said the latter leaped over the side of the balloon basket when at a height of 2.500 feet and he saw him land safely, get up and walk away. Both men returned to camp John A. Wise tonight where Major Brower, camp adjutant, declined to discuss the incident, except to say the men were safe. . Republican A. P. Leased Wire WITH THE BRITISH ARMTT IN FRANCE, May 11. There has been much air fighting during the last few days, and the British airmen have fully sustained the great reputation they es tablished early in the war. i Several days ago near Tpres. one British machine attacked five Germans single handed. The Britisher engaged one enemy and fought him until he fled. The English pilot then went after another German and pressed the attack so hard that the enemv - was forced into a nose spin in an 'attempt to escape. The ruse was futile, how ever, for the Britisher followed him down, firing steadily into the helpless German machine until the latter f inally turned on its back and fell. British Plane Attacked Another British plane was attacked by six enemy machines which came at it from below and behind. The British observer opened fire at close range, riddling the leading German machine which Hived and then burst into flames. The British bombing squadron has been doing wonderful work. Tons of high explosives have been . dropped among masses of the enemy at night, causing heavy casualties. The British machines also have been employed constantly in attacking the infantry from low altitudes and in many cases veritable slaughter has resulted. Eight Destroyed, Five Damaged In addition to destroying eight of the 20 German airplanes which, as related yesterday were engaged so success fully Thursday by two British ma chines,, the British aviators sent down !ive others damaged. The battle be gan when the British aviators attacked seven German planes, two other enemy formations came up, raising the total of German machines to twenty, but instead of retiring, the two British fighters pressed the attack. In and out among the large enemy force these two planes with their gal lant crews, swirled and charged, work !ng their rapid firers like mad. One of the Britishers got on the tail of a ' big German machine and riddled tt with bullets. The enemy . airplane hung quivering in the air for a moment and then turning its nose toward the earth, crashed down with sheets of flames bursting from it. Three Machines Burn The seven other German" machines were shot to pieces in rapid succes sion and took the final plunge, three of them leaving a wake of fu-e and black smoke to tell tne story of the terrible fate suffered by the men strapped in their seats. The other enemy machine was forced to abandon the fight because of their crippled con dition, were seen to dive away in the hope of jeaching ground safely. Thirty minutes had sufficed for the two British machines to accomplish all this. Only seven of the twenty enemy planes remained in tho air. The British had used up all their ammuni tion in the furious melee, however, and there was nothing to do but withdraw, .which they did in safety, t.