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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN.
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-NINTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 24, 1918 10 PAGES VOL. XXIX., NO. 93 0YER-5W FRONT GERM MS MEET DEFEAT WAY IS PAVED FOH ADOPTION OF DRAFT Ml President Lends Influence to Defeat .Amendment Re stricting Calling Youths. Dill Likely to Pass Today Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Aug. 23. Cham pious of the house military committee's plan to direct the war department to lielrr calling of youths of 18 and 19 ?eat'B until older men have joined the colors under the man power bill ex tending draft ape limits to IS and 43 years lost their initial fight in the linii.se late today and the way was laved for the passage of the bill by the house tomorrow. The senate's disposal of minor a mendments caused leaders to hope that the measure could he passed there also before the week-end adjournment tomorrow. Amendments Rejected At the close of a day of vigorous j debate the house rejected, 167 to 120 the amendment of Representative McKen- xie of Illinois, w ritten into the bill by j the military committee, directing sep arate classification and delayed call of youths from 18 to 20. Amendments by j Representatives Johnson of Washington and Hluckman of Alabama to fix the ! draft age minimum at 19 and 21 years, i spectively, also were defeated. Some Dramatic Incidents Dramatic touches were given the de- I hate in the house by Representative I Tillson of Connecticut, whoamid cheers called upon four marines in the galle- ! ries to stand in evidence that youths of IS make excellent soldiers. This was afier Representative Johnson of Wash ington had presented a small 18-year-old page in a soldier's coat and trench helmet, to support that 18-year-lds are mere children. Representative Olney of Massachusetts, aroused the patriotism of the house members during the de bate by declaring British and French officers conceded that it was the Amer ican marines who at Chateau Thierry slopped the German rush in July and saved Paris. Final Vote Plan Lost T'lans for a final vote t,n the meas ure in the house tonight were lost in the midst of a wrangle over an amend ment by Representative Madden of Illi nois prohibiting deferred classification of government" employes because of their employment. Before a vote could be taken a motion to adjourn was carried and the amendment with several oth ers of a minor nature went over until tomorrow. President Exerts Influence President Wilson in a conference with Senators Martin and Simmons exerted his influence to have the Jtmendmei;s placing restrictions on the calling of youths of IS and 19 de feated. The president also was un derstood to have informed the senators that in his opinion the "work or fight" amendment as reported in the bill to the senate, was unnecessary. Is Aimed at Slackers Senators Lodge of Massachusetts and Thomas of Colorado, made the principal speeches today in the senate in behalf of the bill, the latter sup porting his work or fight amendment and saying It casts no reflection on organized labor but is aimed at indus trial slacfters. Representative Black of Texas, gave notice in the house that he would in troduce tomorrow a work or fight amendment similar to that incorpo rated in the senate draft of the bill. Amendments Agreed To The house agreed to an amendment l'v Representative Gregg of Texas, which would make memhers of con gress and of state legislatures as well as state and federal executive officers liable under the draft. More than 100 members of congress would be subject to the draft If the amendment were enacted into law. An amendment by Representative MeCulloch which also was agreed to would require the en rollment of all citizens of co-belligerent nations and make them subject to draft in this country except where treaties would be violated. Farmers Are Deferred The house also voted favorably on an amendment hy Uepresenative Campbell of Kansas, placing farmers in deferred classification. All votes in the house -today were in the committee of the whole and it is expected that at least one of them, the MeKenzie amendment, will be the subject of a separate vote when the house technically resumes formal ses sion before the final vote. In disposing nf minor amendments, the senate adopted the provisions au thorizing the transfer of draft board members within their own states as desired hy Provost Marshal General Crowder.i. ( Senator Chamberlain ex plained that Hitch a provision was reeded to- insure proper officials in some districts where the foreign popu lation predominated and also in dis tricts in -which local draft officials have been VHerelict in administering the law. j 'o PHOENIX SOLDIER KII tiED IN ACTION f f'! ican A. P. Lead Wire OTT i Ont.. Aug. 23. Names of S3 Am- ct&s appear in three Canadian casualty lUts issued here today. Of the 1.992 timbers of the Canadian ex peditionary, force listed. 249 are re ported as lfMed in action, 48 as having died of wcMnds, 1,674 as wounded, 12 as missing and 11 as coming under the head of "miscellaneous." H. L. Chambers, Buckingham, Colo., was wounded, and K. L. Mason, Phoe nix, Ariz.,, was killed in action. t ' : ATTACKS ARE GREAT SUCCESS Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Aug. 23. Gen. Byng's at v tacks are regarded as a great success. Although 4 he .enemy tried to avoid battle, he lost more than 3,000 prisoners, besides great numbers in killed or wounded. The total British casualties have been well below the number of prisoners taken. - DISASTER ALL ALONG LINE (By the Associated Press) OXEll THE 50 MILE battle front from the region of Arras to the north of Soissons the German armies are meeting with defeats which apparently spell disaster. Everywhere the British and French forces have continued on the attack the enemy has been sanguinarily worsted. And the end of his trials is not yet in sight. To the British, over the 30 miles of the fighting zone from the Cojeul river southeast of Arras, to Lihons south of the Somme, numerous towns have fallen. Enemy ter ritory has been penetrated to a depth of several miles. Goodly Gains Made by French The French are fighting between the Matz river and the territory north of Soissons. Goodly gains have been made in the envelopment of Xoyon and in the general maneuver which seeks to crush or drive out the Germans from the salient between the Somme and the Ailette and to put into jeopardy the entire German line running to Reims. The Germans brought up large reinforcements to stay Ilaig's armies but without avail. Where they wrere able momentarily to hold back their on-coming foes the Ger mans finally were forced to cede the ground. For their temerity they paid a terrible price in killed, wounded and men made prisoner. EXPERTS HOPE FOR MOST SEVERE DEFEAT Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON". Aug. 23 Almost unvarying success described in today's dispatches telling of the great allied of fensive on the 50 mile front stretch ing from Soissons northward to the en virons of Anas raised Tiopes in military circles here for the most severe defeat yet administered to the Germans. Ob servers were of the opinion that Gen eral Foch's whittling tactics of the past six weeks have been so effective that opportunity has come for a glorious harvest. Absence Creates Speculation Absence of any mention of Ameri can troops in the descriptions of the great fight led to interested specula tion as to the whereabouts of General Pershing' thirty divisions, which, ac cording to recent announcement are to be included in the first American field army. That practically 'all of these units have completed the training for which they we're brigaded with the French and British has been known for some time. At Front If There It has been thought a considerable number of Americans still are with the British Third and Fourth armies and most military officers were at a loss to understand why they had not been identified in the capture of some of the important enemy positions overrun during the day. Recent evidence of the mettle of Per shing's forces made it certain, it was believed, that if American divisions were with the allied troops, their lo cality tonight would be at the apex ot the advance. May Have Important Task Some advanced the theory the move ment of American divisions to the sec tor assigned to the first American ar my is under way. Concentration at this time of the United States divisions on the ail American ' front, when the forward movement of the more northern armies promises so much might mean General Foch has assigned to Pershing some important task closely linked with the major strategy. o 15 Republican A. P. Leased Wire MONTEVIDEO, Aug. 23 The Ions paralysis of port activities has been broken by the government putting soldiers to work loading vessels. This action was 'taken after striking work men had refused to obey a government order to return to work. BUENOS AIRES, Aug. 2:!. The port workers union here has declared a boy cott on all vessels which ordinarily should have loaded or unloaded at Montevideo, but came here hecnuao the port of Montevideo was paralyzed by ine siriKe. -as a result seven vessels lie idle here. These include three Brit ish, two American and two Brazilian shin. The union announces that the boy cott will continue until the end of the striKe at Montevideo which, according to information' received here, has not been relieved to any great extent by the action of the government in re placing the striking stevedores with soldiers. o WAGE INCREASE GRANTED WASHINGTON. Aug. 23. 'increased wages will be granted employes of the Denver and Salt Lake as of January 1, and back payment made immediately. The railroad administration will also make J60O.OO0 repairs on the road, which is considered especially, valuable to the national railroad system because it reaches a number of high production "oal mines. EVER GIVEN GERMANS BROKEN Bin L Strong Positions Captured The entire Arras-Albert road has been crossed by the British. The strongly held positions where the Ger mans saw distaster facing them if they fell, were stormed and captured and the British passed them going east ward. Notable among these places were Achiet-le-Grand, where bitter fighting has been in progress for several days; Boyelles and Gomiecourt, northeast of Albert. Fortress Must Capitulate The taking of Achiet, and farther east of the town of Bihucourt, gives Haig a dominating position over Ba paume from which the railway and highway runs eastward to Cambrai. Farther south the old fortress of Thiep- val is surrounded n three sides and its capitulation must follow. Friday night saw the British stand ing well to the east of Albert and south of the Somme they were holding Chuignolles and Chuignes and had thrown out forces eastward to out flank Bray on the south and Chaulnes on the north. Little Fighting Around Roye Midway of the battle line south of the Somme around Roye there has been little fighting, the allied . com mander evidently reasoning that with both wings of his offensive near Ar ras and Soissons working smoothly in the movement which is likely to com pel the Germans to seek refuge behind the' old Hindenburg line, ground soon wiil have to be given here automat ically in order to save large numbers of men, guns and supplies from cap ture. Enemy On Dangerous Ground With the continuation of the French drive from the Matz River around the bend in the line to the north of Sois sons. however, particularly north of Soissons. the Germans still within the lower portion of the old salient ap parently are on dangerous ground. The French are engaged in their drive in this region. They have crossed the Divette River near Evricourt and at several other points have forded the Ailette and the Oise and north of Sois sons are standing east of Bagneux and to the west of Crecy-ou-Mont. A swift turning movement across the Oise from the latter region would be likely to work havoc. Americans Probably Moved Although the Americans at the com mencement of the Somme offensive were brigaded with the British along ! the northern bank of the Somme, no I mention of their having taken part in the fighting has been made. It is probable that they have been moved to some other front where Marshal Foch contemplates another smash. IBOlElBS HE CAPTURED ' Republican A. P. Leased Wire BISBEE, Ariz., Aug. 23. A military patrol from Naco, Ariz., recaptured Privates McHush, Wilson and Hayden, tenth cavalry (colored) who escaped from the guard house at Kort Hua chuca Thursday night, while awaiting transportation to Fort Leavenworth to begin serving sentences of 20 years, imposed by a military court. Their capture was brought about by an attack on G. W. Allvvood, a rancher. After riding several miles with him in his automobile, they struck him on his head and stunned him, left him by the roadside and made away with the car. Allwood was fpund and the attack re ported to civil and military authorities. A civilian posse drove the fugitives into the clutches of a military patrol a few hundred yards north of the Mexican border after they had aban doned the car. AIRMEN BOMB COLOGNE Republican A. P. Leased Wire AMSTERDAM, Aug. 23. Five per sons were killed and two persons badly injured and considerable damage wan done to private property by. bombs dropped from allied airplanes on Co logne early Thursday morning, accord ing to an official announcement in Thursday evening's Cologne Gazette. i a copy of which has been received here. T KEEPjLK u in onare u un Allies Tiieir Sacrifice of Food as Well As Blood In the Cause of "Worl d Democracy Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK, Aug. 23. The United States will share' with the allies then sacrifice of food as well as blood in the cause of world democracy, declared Herbert C. Hoover, federal food admin istrator, on his arrival here today, en route to Washington, after a brief visit to England and France. We Have to "Make Good; Asserting that "we have to make good," a pledge to this effect which he had given to the allied food admin istrators while sitting "at a common table in a common cause," Mr. Hoover said that, to do so America will next year have to supply the allies 4.000, 000,000 pounds of fats, 000,000,000 pounds of beef products, 500,000,000 bushels of cereals, and 1, 500,000 tons of sugar. However, Mr. Hoover added, beginning September 1 there will be no need for drastic food rationing in the allied countries, except in the case of sugar and beef. Women Reaping Harvests "The harvests of France, England and Italy are better than one could expect in the tremendous drain of man power to the front." Mr. Hoover said in a statement tonight. "This is due to the 'women. There is no sight in the world that would, appeal to the American heart as that of the literally millions of women doing all the work of getting in the harvests while their men are at work in the shops and driv ing back the Germans." Burden Falls on U. S. Of the foodstuffs which America must export, Mr. Hoover said: "Upon North America falls the burden of food supply. We have -also to feed our own enormous army. We ran do it if we simply hsve the will to live with every economy i and to waste nothing. ' " "By the great efforts of our farmers, our United States harvests are better this year but in order that we may build up a surplus of wheat this year, as against possible crop failures sucn as we had last year, we have decided to mix 20 per cent of other grains with wheat flour in all the countries fight ing Germany. We cannot ask for better bread than France. Under these arrangements, however, the bread situation in the United States will be much easier than last year and in allied countries -n enormous improvement. ' "It will lie a bad winter in Europe, hecause coal will be much shorter there than even last winter, and the health of their populations cannot be main tained if they, in addition, are to be also restricted in their allowances of bread and fats. Sugar Our Only Difficulty "The only difficulty in the United States is about sugar, and that is a shortage that cannot be helped. We cannot take ships from our army or allies and send them to the East Indies to fetch us candy and sweet drinks, and we will simply hav to divide the West Indian sugar with the allies." 5 WASHINGTON, Aug. 23. Assur ances reached the State Department today that the anti-bolshevik govern ments at Omsk and Vladivostok are in full accord which, officials said, meant that all Siberia virtually is under one government with a small portion near Irkutsk controlled by bolsheviki forces aided by former German and Austrian prisoners. . . Difficulties to Overcome The agreement between the two gov ernments was considered by officials here as one of the most important developments in the Russian tangle since the overthrow of the Kerensky government. The first difficulty the Siberian governments have to face is the eradication of the bolshevik Red Guards and the Austro-German pris oners of war now fighting side by side. They control the trans-Siberian rail road from Irkutsk on Late Baikal to Manchuria station, about two hundred miles from Karimskaya where the' Amur River line branches off to the north. Troops of the allies aided by the Czecho-Slovaks. control the Man churian line from Vladivostok to Man churia station. Have Little to Gain The Bolsheviki and prisoners on the I'ssuri River are not considered here as formidable as they have little to gain even if victorious. Their hope is to get as far south as Xikolsk, about forty miles west of Vladivostok, thus cutting off Vladivostok from the Man churiau railroad, but even if they suc ceed in this it will not interfere ith the sending of allied troops westward to aid the Czechs and Japanese in fighting the bolsheviki from Manchu ria to Karimskaya, as the road from Port Arthur will still be open to them. When the allied troops reach Karim skaya, it is pointed out here, they will cut off the bolsheviki along the Amur River branch of the railroad from their comrades between Karimskaya and Ir kutsk. The stability of the Western Siberi an government is shown by the -fact that it has been in existence and prac tically' peaceful for nearly a year. . LATE DEVELOPMENTS 1 TANGLE HIGHLY IMPORTANT ENTIRE BATTALION IS ANNIHILATED BY BRITISH GUNS . (By the Associated Press) . x WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN FRANCE, Aug. 2:. 4 :30 p. m. (By the Associated Press) Vic torious on 'a battle front of 23 miles extending from the Cojeul river on the north, across the Ancre and Somme rivers almost to Lihons, the third and fourth British armies under General Byng and General Rawlin son at mid-afternoon were vigorously following up their successes of today, which apparently has been one of the most disastrous days ever experienced by the Germans. The enemy has lost wide stretches, of ground, numer ous towns, thousands of men made prisoner and large quantities of materials and guns. He also again has had heavy casualties. Dead Germans Cover Battle Field Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria, the German commander, has thrown his men in before the advancing British armies in an effort to stave off the inevitable, bu only to have them mowed down again and again by storms of metal which poured from the British guns. One entire enemy battalion was annihilated during the fighting. Dead Germans in great numbers are scattered every where over the battlefield. As an example, 400 enemv dead were observed this morning on one small piece of j ground over which the battle Official Statements FRENCH Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, Aug. 23. The French troops in their fighting Friday crossed the Divette river in the region of Evricourt and made pro gress to the east of Bagneux and to the west of Crecy-Au-Mont, ly ing north of Soissons, according to the official communication is sued this evening. The text of the communication follows: "Between th Matz and the Oise there have been violent artillery actions. "We have crossed the Divette river in the direction of Evricourt. Between the Ailette and the Aisne we have made progress to the east of Bagneux and west of Crecy au Mont." "Aviation: Our chasing squad krons have brought down or put out of action 14 enemy machines and set on fire nine captive balloons. "Our day bombing aviators dropped 18 tons of explosives and fired thousands of rounds of car tridges on enemy assemblages and convi in the Margival ravine, on the road to Soissons and Chauny, and on Vauxaillon, Anizy le Cha teau and Laffaux. "During the night, 25 tons of bombs were dropped on the sta tions of Ham, Laon and Guiscard. We blew up the ammunition depot of Sommettes Faucourt. The rail-wr- stations of Mezieres. Maison Bleue, Mauchault and Pontavert also were bombarded. "A strong attack was carried out on the very important air drome at Mars la Tour. From the effects of the first bombs dropped a fire of considerable proportions broke out. An efficacious bom bardment also was carried out on other hangars and sheds and on the aviators themselves. "Numerous machines on the ground were sf to be burned. "A total of 43 tons of explosive was dropped on the twenty-second day and night." BRITISH Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Aug. 23. On a front of about six miles, from the south east of Albert to the neighborhood of Grandicourt, east of the Ancre river, the British have pushed for-, ward and gained ground after heavy fighting, says Field Marshal Haig's communication from head quarters tonight. South of Grandi court a German counter attack was repulsed. The advance of the British was to a depth of two miles and a large number of Germans were killed or made prisoners. Five villages to the north of Achiet-le-Grand were captured and the British pressed on eastward from them, says General Haig's statement. The town of Achiet le Grand has been captured by the British and also Bihucourt, just to the south east of Achiet le Grand, and about 2'i miles from the railroad junction of Bapaume. The text of the communication follows: "We pressed our attacks vigor ously and successfully today on a front of thirty miles from Lihons to Mercatel. South of the Somme we carried the villages of Herle" ville, Chuignes and Chuignolles, with the woods lying between the villages and the river. "In the course of an advance of over two miles into German posi tions great numbers of Gemans (Continued on Page Two) NOTICE TO READERS OF THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN New orders direct from the War Industries Board, at Washington, instructs all daily newspapers in the United States, to place all subscriptions on strictly cash paid in advance basis only, beginning at once and absolutely finally effective in full by October 1st, Send your remittance at oAce, if not already paid. 75c per month, but J2.00 for 3 months, $4 for 6 months and $8.00 for 1 year Is still effective rate for daily and Sunday Arizona Don't wait until your paper is discontinued, but remit at once. THE ARIZONA had swept. Battle Grows More Disastrous With all this fierce fighting and not withstanding the fact that the British at many places have fought over open ground against an enemy protected in "pot holes" and strong points of other kinds, the British losses everywhere seem to have been extraordinarily light. This probably is due to the confusion the Uermans find reigning behind their lines as they are fighting a losing battle which for them hourly grows more disastrous. Crown Prince Rupprecht today had strengthened his line at many places, but this instead of stopping the Brit ish, simply meant that the Germans suffered bigger losses. Battle Front Appreciably Widened During the night and this morning the front upon which the battle was being fought yesterday was widened appreciably both to the north and the south, while the ground in the middle between ' Albert and Beaueourt-sui-Anc're which heretofore had been fairly quiet, suddenly was drawn into the whirl, FrcJm the northern edge of the battle field to the south the situation at last reports eeemed to be as follows: British Cross Railroad New attacks from the river Cojeul and south carried the British across the Albert-Arras railroad cmbankmtnt. The British apparently hold Boiry-Be-cquerelle and Boyelles and have passed beyond the Arras-Bapaume road. The troops just to the south who, for two days had been fighting for and afterwards from the embankment, stormed forward and reached Hame lincou'rt and are pushing on toward Er villers, St. Leger and Croisilles. Air planes reported that British tanks had crossed the road between Ervillers and St. Leger, while some infantry was re ported to be less.than a thousand yards west of Ervillers some hours ago. Germans Abandon Positions At about that time an airplane re ported the Germans had disappeared from their positions northwest of St. Leger and between that town and Hamelincourt and that the fighting British found time to cheer heartily. 'Apparently the Germans, rather than suffer more here, where they have met with some of their heaviest losses, decided to get out. This locality was ona of the places where the Germans hatl .doubled their strength. T Upset Enemy Plans The fighting to the south of this region began in the night, when strong British forces assailed Gomiecourt just a few minutes before the Germans had anticipated launching an attack. Go miecourt was British at daylight. As it happened the British upset all the enemy plans and, after killing many Germans and capturing 500 in the town of Gomiecourt alone, they went on. At last reports they were pushing ahead steadily. Gomiecourt, by reason of its terrain, (Continued on Page Six) -o AVIATORS KILLED HERE AND ABROAD WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON THE VESLE FRONT. Aug. 23. Lieutenant Louis Verdier, formerly head of the Lafayette flying squadron, a brother of Paul Verdier of San Francisco, has been killed in action, according to information received here. No details are given In the re Port. . SACRAMENTO. Cal, Aug. 23. Ca det Marion L. Burns, f East Pasa dena, Cal.; a student aviator at Mather Field, near Sacramento, died tonight from injuries sustained in an airplane accident this afternoon. A compan ion aviator, whose name was withheld by Mather Field officers, was slightly injured. Republican. . . J REPUBLICAN HI ffTEH ATTACK Submarine Said to Have Been One That Sunk the Lusitania ; British Freight er Sunk; Two 'Are Lost Republican A. P. Leased Wire TOULON, Aug. 23. The British pas senger steamship Bandy, while between Malta and Sicily was torpedoed by a German submarine. Although the ex plosion tore a gaping wound in her starboard side, the vessel succeeded in reaching the harbor here today. The IT boat which fired the torpedo was sunk by patrol boats. Six of the submarine's crew were saved, includ ing the first mate. German Officer Attempts Suicide The mate of the submarine when hoisted aboard a destroyer attempted to commit suicide. He appeared to be insane. He said the lost I' boat had torpedoed the Cunard liner Lusitania and had destroyed an aggregate of 600,000 tons of other allied shipping. Killed When Ship Struck Mine Available shipping registers do not list the British steamship Bandy and she probably is a new- vessel. Advices from London on August 10 said that Lieutenant Commander Schwieger, who commanded the sub marine which sank the Lusitania, had been killed when his L"-boat struck a mine in the North sea. Freighter Sunk; Two Men Lost NEW YORK, Aug. 23. Shelled and torpedoed by a big German submarine just at sunrise Wednesday, the British freighter Diomed was sunk with the loss of two of her crew and wounding of many others, 125 miles east of New York. Of the 104 survivors brought here by another steamship, many had been cut by shrapnel and scalded by steam w hen a torpedo crashed through the boiler room. Torpedo Kills Seaman Though attacked without warning, the Diomed's gun crew answered the German fire but without effect. After their twelfth shot at the I boat, 'one of the submersible's shells disabled the freighter s steering gear. The raider's commander- then supplanted gun fire with a torpedo. As the projectile tor amidships through the Diomed, a sea man was killed. Others were caught in a flood of steam as the boilers burst, and one died aboard a lifeboat. Submarine Modern Craft The submarine was a large craft of the newest type, with deck guns fore and aft. It cruised among the small boats, the captain said, and offered medical assistance to his wounded, but he declined., fearing a ruse to make some. of his men prisoners. The Diomeo, a 4,700 ton steel ves sel, was bound in ballast from Liver pool to New York in service of ths British admiralty. o AT LAST GIVEN UP Republican A. P. Leased Wire AMSTERDAM. Aus. 23. Empress Auguste Victoria of Germany is ill at Castle Wilhelmshoehe, Cassel, the Lo kalanzeiger of Berlin says, owing to over-strain from her war relief work. Physicians' in attendance promise hcr full recovery; within a few weeks. The Be?finer Vossische Zeitung savi that the ' empress is suffering from nervous depression, due to her numer ous visits to the hospitals and talks with the wounded from the most recent offensive. o TO BE Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Aug. 23. The mo tion picture industry in all its branches has been recognized as an essential industry by the war industries board. Chairman Baruch announced tnrlav I mat mis action naa oeen taKen in line witn provost Marshal General Crowd er's ruling under the work or fight regulation that the industry afforded useful occupation. Recognition of its value in affording an educational medium for the great masses of the people, as well as a governed the board in placing the in dustry upon the preferred list foe pri ority. The extensive uso or motion pictures by all war recreation agencies also was considered. The erection of new picture theaters, however, will not be permitted, dur ing the war. Saving of materials used in the manufacture of films, several or Which are essential in the produc tion of explosives, will be effected by a ruling of the board, that only one The industry also has been called unon to institute other economies in ma terial, chiefly tin and iron. q AVIATOR KILLED MEMPHIS, Tcnn.,- Aug. 23. Lieut enant Samuel il Topping of Bingham ton, J. -7Y., was fatally injured and Jos))h V. Cary, student aviator, sus tained a broken leg at Park Field to daywhen their airplane went into a tailspin and fell 400 feet. Lieutenant Topping died an hour later. The acci dent is attributed to engine trouble. IN BIG LIU GERMAN PRESS HAS EVADING THE TRUTH MOVES DECLARED ESSENTIAL