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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-NINTH YEAR 20 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 25, 1918 '--AaVi.a 20 PAGES VOL. XXIX., NO. 94 HAW'S MEN lAMf ON 1AFA11 H MANY I 1AI CAPTURE T OWNS; TAKE MIRAUMDHTIS 1 ENABLE ALLIES SURROUNDED BY 10 GARRY OUT BRITISH ARMY ANY HAIKU Haig's Troops Achieve Fur ther Victories Deliver Blow After Blow to Stag gering Enemy at Thiepval WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IX IT.ANCK, Aug. 24. (By the Associated Pies) Field Marshal Haig's fighting mmifi achieved further victories to- I;iy. They delivered blow after glow j M thf staggering enemy, who in some pliu'i'S. such as the Thiepval salient, s reported to he in a state of great tenfusion. Thiepval itself, a mighty position ftep a high hill from which the sur rn'Minine country for miles is under nl 'Starvation, has been occupied and the Irilish line has been straightened be 1 vren Grandcouit and La Boissellc. Town Choked With German Dead Miraumont, the boche position which tins held out for days in the cente rot the l:ttle front is gradually being sur ro.inded. The town is choked with Herman dead and many living Germans m.iy be captured there shortly.' In the advance on Bapaume, the illage of Avesnes-Les-Bapaume, just st the edge of the larger town, has been leached. It seems certain that Ba 1 aume will fall, but more heavy fight hie is expected. British troops have advanced to a point north of Morey nr.d have also entered Croisilles, which is some miles east of the Arras-Ba-rnume road, and probably marks the peak of the advance eastward in the noithern battle zone. . Penetrate Old German Line There has also been fighting north cf the river Scarpe and the British hwvc penetrated the old German front line for more than five hundred yards. Tl.e British attacked Givenchy and re covered the old front line from which t'lov retired during an attack last evening. While Field Marshal Haig's men pressed forward with mighty strides on the main battle front today, they had to fight for every yard of ground. Considerable numbers of guns and pi iM.ners have been captured all along j the r.ne and the Kritisn nave again inflicted the heaviest possible caraal lis on the enemy. The ground over which the battle has been fought, was invariably littered with dead Germans. Enemy Disorganized and Rattled StMl fighting a losing battle, the Gdinnns are unquestionably becoming f'is'lrpanized and rattled. Officers who hac been taken prisoner have men tioned recent reverses and especially the defeat which now is being suffered and said that Germany was willing to g! r anything for peace. These state ments are given only as showing how t:,e German army is coming to look upon the war now going against them. New Ccrman divisions continue to i.r'tva in the zone only to be stood up befoie the advancing British and mowed down. While they have been nb!e to check the allies in a measure, they have been unable to stay their ccnl'i uous forward movement. Lost Faith in Higher Command There are stories of less than a dozen men being left in some of the German companies which have participated in the recent fighting. Soldier prisoners i-aptuied today expressed themselves gem-rally as having lost faith in the hi.hr r command, while non-commis-ionl officers attributed the defeats to the inefficiency of the German air service and more especially to the presence of many untrained recruits in the older divisions. Some are said to have deserted while on the way to the front. .S. PROVIDED BY BILL '(Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. Aug. 24. The- $8, .J,000.000 revenue bill, providing for tlie greatest tax levy in the history of the United States, will be agreed upon finally by the house ways and means committee Monday, reported to the house Thursday and brought up for consideration Monday, Sept. 2. This program was announced tonight by chairman Kitchin of the house ways: nd means committee, with the pre diction that the house will pass the uill after a week's consideration. Final Eitimatet Submitted Final estimates submitted to the cr.mmittee by the treasury experts to day made it unnecessary to contem plate necessity of resorting to con sumption taxes or any new devices or plans for raising additional "revenue beyond those already in the measure. These estimates give 18,100.000,000 a the total probable annual yield of the bill. Provide Largest Revenue 4 The- excess profits schedule, agreed U at a meeting today will provide the (.-incest revenue, estimated at $3,000, tiOO.000. The income tax, both individ ual and corporation, is expected to yieli .4O0,0"9,n00: the estate or inheritance tax, $110,000,000; beverages Including liquors and soft drinks $U"O,i00.o'Ou. Honors and soft drinks $1,100,000,000, 000.000; automobiles manufacturers tsx $12r.00.000 and users of automo biles and motorcycles $73,000,000. Other items. Including luxuries, make up the balance. N HISTORY OF II General March Says Four Million Americans In France Next Summer Will Bring About This Result -Republican A.' P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON', Aug. 24. Announc ing that to date more than 1,500,000 American soldiers have embarked for foreign shores. General March reiter ated today his belief that the presence of 400,000.000 troops of the United States in France by next summer would enable the allies to carry out any campaign they may adopt for the defeat of Germany and the end of the war. Such declarations. General March said, were founded upon cold blooded study of the respective man power of all the allies and of the enemy in June, 1919, and "are not issued as spread eagle statements." Have Confidence in Men General March impressed the news paper men who met him in conference today with the adequate confidence American officers have in their men as a result of the initial tests on the battle fields of France. He intimated that the somewhat sensational prediction which he had made was based as much upon these soldierly qualities as in the numerical superiority which the war department plans to give the allied command by midsummer of next year. Has Delivered the Goods "The American soldier deserves thei confidence of the American people," said General March, "on every occasion so far where he has been tested he has absolutely delivered the goods: My confidence m them is inspired ; A I .i ami v ciu)il'ii u.v ?nii!fc nun illt'lii and beside them in battle. I have or dered back from Fiance certain men who have won distinction over there to give them increased rank in the divis ions organizing at home. These men talk the same language I do. You do not find any lack of confidence on the front in France among the American forces. Officers' Reports Interesting "These officers are telling me inter esting things which have not yet come over in official reports. One officer reports specifically that in one engage ment of the First American division, they captured 68 German guns and brought them in at the rear of our trucks. On the same occasion they took 3.500 prisoners. "Another officer reported that the Second division, which he was with, captured ten com plete German batteries which they hrought in and presented to General Pershing." No Report On First Army No recent reports have been made to the department on the progress of the organization of the first United States field army, and the chief of staff was unable to say whether the concentra tion of the thirty divisions definitely assigned to Uiis force was nearing com pletion. This organization is being left entirely in the hands of General Per shing who is governed by instructions from General Foch. French Advance. Push Enemy Out Discussing the changes on the west ern front since last Wednesday, Gen eral March said the French operating in the Noyon sector have now advanced across the plateau overlooking that im portant base until they have reached ihe Oise and have progressed northeast to the Ailette. The enemy has been pushed out of Carlpont forest, south of Noyon, and behind the Oise. . Recent events, General March said, emphasized that the fine work of the French has been duplicated on the British front. o TS AN ATLANTIC PORT. Aug. 24. Seven men were killed and a number are said to have been injured tonight by the bursting of a steam pipe on an American transport lying at a dock here. Fourteen coal passers, it was said, were in the auxiliary coal room of the ship when the explosion occurred. Seven of them were so badly scalded that when rescuers made their way to the room they were dead. ' The naval authorities declined to give any information concerning the cause of the aecidetn, and no report was made to the police. The transport, which is said to have been one of the largest of the German liners before it was taken over by the government has been in the harbor for some time undergoing repairs. PRO GERMAN PAPER ABOUT TO SUSPEND Republican A. P. Leased Wire MEXICO CITY. Aug. 24. A decree issued today by the Carranza govern ment substitutes for the tax of 12 centavos, gold, per kilogram, on print paper imports, a 30 per cent tax ia kind, which means that the govern ment will secure 30 out of every 100 rolls imported. The former tax was about 34 per cent of the market pice of paper in Mexico. El Democrato. he loading pro-German periodical in the republic, today published a full page announcement stating that it was about to cease pub lication because of the difficulties of securing paper and ink. SEVEN KILLED 1 PIPE Jr. Red Cross Ton,Co"f!e. rJ" Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 24. The governors of California, Nevada and Arizona, the presidents of the state universities of these states and other notables have been in vited to a conference of the Pacific division of the Junior Red Cross in this city, Saturday, August 31, to consider an educational war pro gram in the schools of the Pacific coast. The meeting was called here to day by Mrs. Harry A. Klueget, di rector of the division. Other conferences will follow in Los Angeles, Reno and Phoenix, o Republican A. P. Lased Wire WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. Four separate selective draft calls, consti tuting the first of the September calls and requiring 188,773 men to entrain for training camps between August 30 and September 6. were issued tonight by Provost Marshal General Crowder. Every" state and the District of Co lumbia is called to furnish men for training to augment the forces abroad. For general military service 125,000 white men and 21,270 negroes are called; for limited service, 40.503 white men are called. The calls of the. western states, with the camps to i.k:h the men are to be sent include: General military service, white: Arizona, quota 30; to Camp Kearny, California. California. 3,800, Kearny. Cal. Colorado 500. Fnnston, kas. Kansas, 4.500. Funston , Kas. Missouri. 5,t0fi, MacArthur. Texas.' New Mexico. 40ft, MacArthur, Texas. Oklahoma. 4,000. Logan, Texas. Texas. 8,000. Travis. Texas. General military' service. ' colored. Entrainment September 1, 10!S: Arizona, 7, Lewis. California, 75, Lewis. Colorado, 43, Lewis. Kansas, 107, Funston. New Mexico, 5, Travis. Oklahoma. 294. Dodge. Texas, 400, Dodge. Texas. 903, Travis. , Limited service, white; entrainmeni i September 3-8, 191R: Arizona. 100, Bowie, Texas. California, 500. Bowie. Texas. Colorado. 300, Fort Itiley. Kansas. 400, Fort Riley. New Mexico. 100, Bowie. Oklahoma. 500, Bowie. Texas. 800, Bowie. Limited service, white (military in telligence photographers) entrainment August 30, IMS: New Mexico, 3, Fort Meyer, Va. o Republican A. P. Leased Wire OWENSBORO, Ky., Aug. 24. Fire starting tonight at 7 o'clock at the plant of the Green River Distilling company here by 10:30 o'clock tonight had destroyed the entire plant, 43,000 barrels of whiskey and entailed a loss well in excess of $3,000,000. The whis key alone was valued at $2,800,000 and the loss to the United States govern ment in taxes is approximately $6, 750,000. River Seemed on Fire The fire started in a pile of trash alongside the distillery. The fire was spectacular in the extreme, the flames mounting hundreds of feet in the air. Every few minutes a blazing barrel of whiskey driven upward by the explo sion of other barrels would rise to a great height and then fall. When it struck, the whiskey it contained would be spread over the ground in a bias ing sheet for many yards. Burning streams of whiskey ran through the ditches of the open fields into the river, the whole surface of whic.i seemed at times to be on fire. Difference Accounted For The difference in the value placed upon whiskey and the amount of tax estimated to have been lost by the gov ernment is accounted for by the fact that the internal revenue tax had not been paid on any of it and the value placed upon it was the value of spirits, tax unpaid. The tax on whiskey is $3.20 a proof gallon and the average contents of a barrel of whiskey when first placed in the warehouse with no "outage" allowance is 47 gallons. o ALLEGED DESERTER KILLED BY POSSE Republican A. P. Leased Wire DURANGO. Colo.. Aug. 24. A tele phone message received here tonight reported that R. Archuleta, an alleged deserter, had been killed by a posse of 60 men from Moab, Utah. Tho-posse surrounded him in the hills not far from the place where Forest Ranger Ralph Millenteen was killed Friday night. When Archuleta resisted ar lest, it was said the posse opened fire. Arehuleta was the man whom the . ranger was seeking when he was killed accoiuing 10 me report. j ARIZONA GALLED ON F0R17MENDURI ill SEPTEMBER i WHISKY VALUED AT SUM BUR1IS llOBBOROiKY BRITISH FORCES FIGHT BA TTLE OF UREA 1 1JS 1 EJSS1 1 Y (By the Associated Press) WITHOUT PAUSE the British forces battling against the Germans are moving forward in the direction of Bapaume. The fighting has been extremely heavy, but there has been no stopping Field Marshal Haig's men, -and the headquarters says that they are making progress along the entire front of the British attack. The important towns of Bray, Thiepval and Grand court, together with several smaller places have been cap tured and more than 2,000 prisoners have been taken. Fighting Intense Near Miraumont Around Miraumont, which lies a little north of Grand court, the fighting has been of great intensity, and this place apparently has fallen, as Haig's report says that "the enemy held out until outflanked by advancing columns." British detachments have reached Avesnes-Les-Bapaume, which lies very close to Bapaume, whose capture is expected at an early date, but not without severe fight ing. Official Statements BRITISH Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Aug. 24. Despite considerable hostile reinforce ments, says Field Marshal Haig's report fromthe British front in France tonight, progress has been made along the whole front of our attack. Bray has been captured and a number of prisoners secured. "Further progress has been made ,-long the high ground southeast of Albert. Several hundred prisoners we'i taken. La Boisselle, Orvillers, Mouquet farm, Thiepval, and Grandcourt have been captured with over 2,000 prisoners. Our troeps ' are astride the Thiepval ridqe and are advancing eastward. "There was heavy fighting about Miraumont, where the enemy held out until we flanked advancing columns. "On the remainder of the British front successful local actions have taken place. North of the Scarpe we have captured a section of the German front line northeast of Fampoux, with a few prisoners. "North of the. La Basses canal we captured the old British front iine east and northeast of Given chy and made progress into the German positions in a completely successful operation, in which all objectives were secured with over sixty prisoners. During the night our patrols occupied Neuf Ber puin. where a number of German dead were found by our troops. "This morning we have advanced our line north of Bailleul on a front of a mile, capturing some fifty prisoners. A counter attack at tempted by the enemy during the afternoon was crushed by our ar- -tillery." FRENCH Republican A. P. . Leased Wire PARIS, Aug. 24. The American troops in the Fismes sector have advanced as far north as the Sois-sons-Reims road, according to the war office announcement to night. The statement says: "Between the . Ailette and the Aisne,' we have made progress south of Crecy-Au-Mont and taken about 100 prisoners. "West of Fismes the American troops have carried their line as far as the Soissons-Reims road on a front of about 800 meters. "On Friday nine German air planes were brought down or put out of action and a captive balloon was burned." GERMAN Republican A. P. Leased Wire BERLIN, Aug. 24, (via London). The communication from general headquarters today says: "The British extended their at tacks in a northerly direction as far as southeast of Arras and in a southerly direction beyond the Somme, as far as Chaulnes. The armies of von Below and von Der Marwitz broke the .storming attack of the enemy who was in superior numbers. "The strongest artillery engage ment preceded the battle launched at daybreak. Our advance lines, in accordance with orders, with drew and are fighting along the Croisilles-St. Leger line. "Northwest of Bapaume we ac cepted battle on the St. Leger Achiet-Le-Grand Miraumont line, against which the early enemy at tacks broke down. During the aft-. ernoon renewed enemy assaults gained ground in the direction of Mory. A Prussian regiment launched a counter attack from the northeast and drove back the enemy who had then penetrated beyond Mory. .-' "Enemy attacks launched in the direction of Bapaume pressed back our line towards Behagnies-Pys. Here local reserves brought the enemy to a standstill and during the night repulsed strong attacks which were several times repeated. "On both sides of Miraumont a storming attack, four times re peated was shattered before- cur lines. A. vice sergeant majar with , a single qun here destroyed six enemy tanks. East of Hamel the. enemy gained a footing on the eastern bank of the Ancre. His attacks from Albert broke down , east of the town." latest report from British! Americans Move Forward American troops holding the ground around Fismes have moved up to the Soissons-Rheims road along a front of about half a mile, while the French, though not extensively engaged, have made some progress south of Creey-Au-Mont. The storm center of the battle dur ing the past day has seemed .to be in the neighborhood of Bapaume. Karly dispatches on Saturday told of British troops within a couple of miles of the town, but later reports showed that the Germans, determined to save Bapaume from the allies, had rushed new. forces into the struggle. Enemy Slows Up Advance It seems that the enemy has suc ceeded in slowing up the British, if they have not stopped them north and west of Bapaume. The importance of the town from a tactical standpoint makes it the chief point of attack in this sector. Further south the Germans are still clinging to Miraumont, on the Ancre. in spite of the fact that the British on both flanks of the place have swept far to the eastward. Just below Miraumont the situation is somewhat obscure, but it would seem probable that the Ger- mans have thrown enough men into thejGcneraI pcrshing's calls for airplanes. battle to retard the British. Capture of Bray Important Nearer the Somme however, the Germans have not been so successful. It is reported that Bray has been cap tured by the British, who are said to be to the east of that town. Bray is imporant because it stands on high ground and dominates a large amount of territory on each side of the Somme. There are few details of the progress of the fighting south of the Somme. The capture of cannon is reported from this region, but there has been no news of further progress there by the British. Sector Comparatively Quiet Along the Chaulnes-Roye sector of the line, there is comparative quiet. This region has not been mentioned in recent advices. Although the French are known to be close to Noyon, that city is still held by the Germans. The French hold ground Slong the southern bank of the Oise, and have been reported to be across it at two points, but they appear to have ceased their attacks for the moment L'l Zit, .X k 4-.iti, inr ,h. ,,tm. seeming to he waiting for the outcome of the fighting In Picardy and Artois. The left bank of the Ailette is also held by the French. There Have been reports that they have crossed this stream, but these have not been offi cially confirmed. South of the Atlan ety; the French appear to be definitely neia up on ine niiis norm, oi cuis&uhb, j Their position there, nowever, wouia seem to render the German positions near Soissons untenable. Americans Hold Vesle Line Local fighting of some seveifty has taken place along the Vesle river, where Americans are holding the line. Trench raids by the French in the Lorraine sector are reported from the French war office. This activity in what has been for some time a quiet sector may be the prelude to an attack against tne Germans there, but there is noth ing yet to substantiate this suggestion. Light sea forces have had a rather slight encounter off Dunkirk, Fiance. Both the British and German official reports stat-? that losses were inflict d by their respective units, btt deny suf fering any losses. Situation is Delicate The diplomatic siL'tion I etween Spain and Germany seems to be ri'tite delicate as- the result of the decision on the part of the former to take over on a ton-for-ton basis German ships to replace Spanish, ships lost through attacks by submarines. It is reported that Berlin has sent a protest to Mad rid, but has not agreed to limit subma rine warfare or guarantee Spain against further losses. o BIG GERMAN GUN TAKEN TO PARIS PARIS. Aug. 24. (Havas Agency) Australian troops during the recent lighting captured a heavy German 280 millimeter 111.02 inches) gun, and its tomn!;te ammunition supply. From a captured document it ap pears that this giin. which is of recent model and with a range of more than 18 miles, hnd hern intended for use in the bombardment of Amiens. It was mounted on a railway train. It has been brought to Paris where the public will be allowed to inspect it. 350 AIRPLANE NEWMANPOWER nnmnnniin inr nil i innnTrn UUAUnuivb Ant bILL AUUr ltl) NEEDED ABROAD Thirteen Now In France, When There Should be 175. Personal Criticism Freely Voiced by Witnesses iReoubllcan A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. America s aircraft program for the great army that is counted upon to win the war next year calls for 350 complete squad rons of planes, and the man part of the program already is ahead of schedule with 3,0Q0 pilots trained. This information, given by Major General Kenly, chief of the division of military aeronautics, and many other facts hitherto held secret, were dis closed today when the senate military committee made public testimony taken behind closed doors during three months of investigating by the avia tion sub-committee, headed by Sena tor Thomas of Colorado. Thirteen Squadrons Need 17S General Kenly told the committee there now are thirteen American air plane squadrons, of 273 machines in France, whereas there should be 17S squadrons. William C. Potter, assistant director of rirplane production said General Pershing had called for 25,000 planes by July 1, 1919, and had been told it was hoped to deliver 18.000 to 20,600. This would meet replacement de mands of squadrons in the field. C. W. Nash, former president of the Nash Motor company and now as sistant to John D. Ryan, in engineer ing and production gave it as his opin ion that nothing but De Haviland ma chines could be delivered before next January and if 10,000 airplanes were delivered by next July it , would be "almost a miracle." Witnesses "Brutally" Frank General Kenly and other officers in fact all of the witnesses apparent ly fcave their statements with what Senator Iteed characterized at one stage as "brutal frankness'' all being examined secretly and apparently without considering the possibility ot the publicity now given. Personal criticisms were voiced with freedom. An example is found in Gen eral Kenly s examination concerning In lesponse to questions General Ken lyppoke of what he would do if he were in charge at home and abroad, and added: "If you look over the cables you wou!d find a cable from overseas asks for one thing one day, and the next day countermands the order, and the next dnv nsks fnr it nirain unit n wer-k later countermands it." ! No Real Friction Exists Thtre is no real friction between the mmy and navy. General Kenly told the committee, except "a very strong feeling that the navy sometimes is getting more than its share." General Kenly and other officers confirmed reports that General Persh ing stopped manufacture of Spad ma chines last year, and recently had criticised several of the De Haviland models forwarded. In outlining next year's program sent in by General Pershing, witnesses told the committee that General Persh ing was advised that in trying to get lg oo or -0 0P9 machines delivered by .,.i,i. oimi next July, the authorities "are aiming rat'nei high." A squadron in the avia tion service, it was explained, normal ly consists of 18 fliers, but they usually have 21. Call Creel "Licensed Liar" Duiing Secretary Baker's examina. tion he was sharply questioned re garding airplane photographs dis iributed by the Committee on Public Information with what the secretary conceded were "exaggerated" captions. During the tilt. Senator Reed of M'.sscuri referred to Chairman George Creel of the Committee on- Public In formation as a "licensed liar," intend ing to mislead the public. o BULLET IN BRAIN Republican A. P. Leased Wire ' HOUSTON, Texas, Aug. 24. C. J. Boothroyd, general agent of the Con stitutionalist railroads of Mexico with headquarters in Houston, was fatally wounded at his office in this city this evening." He died soon after he was taken to a hospital. Mr. Boothroyd occupied the position of purchasing agent of the government controlled Mexican railroads in the southern district. ' , The pistol with which the shooting was done was found in the office. The bullet entered his right temple. NOTICE TO READERS OF THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN New orders direct from the War Industries Board, at Washington, Instructs all daily newspapers in the United States,- to place all subscriptions on strictly cash paid in advance basis only, beginning at once and absolutely finally effective in full by October 1st. Send your remlttifnce at once, if not already paid. 75c per month, but $2.00 for 3 months, $4 for fi months and $8.00 for 1 year is still effective rate for daily and Sunday Arizona Republican. Don't wait until your paper is discontinued but remit at once. THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN Bl TIE HOUSE Measure Passed With Only Slight Changes from Orig inal. May Go to President Latter Part of Week Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. The new man power bill, extending the selective draft to all men between the ages of 18 and 45 years was passed by the house tonight with only slight changes in the original drafted by the war de partment. The final vote was 336 to 2. The final vte was preceded by three, days' debate, during which the chief contention was an amendment to de fer the calling of youths from 18 to 20 years until older men had been sum moned. A final effort was made by Chairman Dent today to place the 1S-year-old boys in a deferred class but a motion to recommit the bill to the military affairs committee with in structions to incorporate that amend ment was lost, 191 to 146. Predict Early Action by Senate The bill now goes to the senate where leaders tonight, predicted its passage early next week. The senate plans to substitute the house bill of the measure favorably reported by the military committee of that body and thus expedite its final enactment. Congressional leaders hope to send the measure to the president by the latter part of next week. The senate soon after convening, un expectedly abandoned plans for a vote today and adjourned until Monday. Work or Fight Amendment Fails An attempt in the house to insert a work or fight amendment by which those exempted from military service on occupational grounds would be re quired to remain at their civil tasks, failed. 62 to 91. .The amendment was directed against strikes and was char acterized by officials of the American Federation of Labor as a conscription ot labor. The house today reversed its action of yesterday in voting to include mem bers of congress in the draft. By a rising vote, S3 to 143 it defeated an amendment by Representative Gregg of Texas, whi-'i would make members of congress. ::;ate legislatures and fed eral and state executive officers liable to draft. No Police Exemption An amendment by Representative Smith of New York, to exempt polite officers in cities of more than 50ff,000 population and designed to relieve the situation in New York, where a short age of policemen is said to be threat ened, was defeated. An amendment by Representative Tread way of Massachusetts which was adopted, provides for the appointment of special examiners in local districts for the re-examination of men placed in deferred classification as a means of further combing the deferred classes lor additional men for active service. Secretary Baker Explains Chairman Dent, of the house mili tary committee read a letter todav from Secretary Baker, in which the latter set forth his objections to the McKenzie amendment, which was de feated yesterday and which provided for deferring "the call of youths from 18 to 20 years. Mr. Baker said he be lieved the amendment would seriously impair the ability of the war depart ment to get the men in accordance with military program. Senators Falls of New Mexico. Smith of South Carolina. New of Indiana, an nounced in the senate their support of the bill. Opposition to drafting boys under 21 years of age was voiced by Senator Vardaman of Mississippi, who said if the boys are to be called he favored extending the maximum draft: age to include men of 60 years. Senators Enlisted Early Answering arguments of opponents of the plan to lower draft ages to IS, Senator Chamberlain called the sen ate's attention to the fact that Sen ators Martin of Virginia and Bankhead of Alabama entered the Confederate army, and senator Nelson of Minne sota, and Senator Goff of West, Virgi nia entered the Union army at 18 years of age or younger. Senator Warren of Wyoming enlisted -when 17 years of age he added. Former Senator Daniel of trginia enlisted at 18 fnd was an officer at 19; Former Senator McKenna entered the army at 16 years of age, and Alexander Hamilton was in the continental army at 19. "The young men are the ones to fight this war. if it is to be fought to a successful finish." the Oregon Senator declared, "and America intends to fight it to a successful finish." o KNOCKED OUT BY DEMPSEY DAYTON, O., Aug. 24 Jack Dempsey knocked out Terry Kellar of Dayton in the fifth round of their scheduled 15 round bout here tonight. Kellar went down for the count in the irst round. The men are heavyweights.