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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, August 25, 1918, Image 1

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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL
TWENTY-NINTH YEAR
20 PAGES
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 25, 1918 '--AaVi.a 20 PAGES
VOL. XXIX., NO. 94
HAW'S MEN lAMf ON 1AFA11
H
MANY I
1AI
CAPTURE T
OWNS;
TAKE
MIRAUMDHTIS 1 ENABLE ALLIES
SURROUNDED BY 10 GARRY OUT
BRITISH ARMY ANY HAIKU
Haig's Troops Achieve Fur
ther Victories Deliver
Blow After Blow to Stag
gering Enemy at Thiepval
WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IX
IT.ANCK, Aug. 24. (By the Associated
Pies) Field Marshal Haig's fighting
mmifi achieved further victories to-
I;iy. They delivered blow after glow j
M thf staggering enemy, who in some
pliu'i'S. such as the Thiepval salient,
s reported to he in a state of great
tenfusion.
Thiepval itself, a mighty position
ftep a high hill from which the sur
rn'Minine country for miles is under
nl 'Starvation, has been occupied and the
Irilish line has been straightened be
1 vren Grandcouit and La Boissellc.
Town Choked With German Dead
Miraumont, the boche position which
tins held out for days in the cente rot
the l:ttle front is gradually being sur
ro.inded. The town is choked with
Herman dead and many living Germans
m.iy be captured there shortly.'
In the advance on Bapaume, the
illage of Avesnes-Les-Bapaume, just
st the edge of the larger town, has been
leached. It seems certain that Ba
1 aume will fall, but more heavy fight
hie is expected. British troops have
advanced to a point north of Morey
nr.d have also entered Croisilles, which
is some miles east of the Arras-Ba-rnume
road, and probably marks the
peak of the advance eastward in the
noithern battle zone. .
Penetrate Old German Line
There has also been fighting north
cf the river Scarpe and the British
hwvc penetrated the old German front
line for more than five hundred yards.
Tl.e British attacked Givenchy and re
covered the old front line from which
t'lov retired during an attack last
evening.
While Field Marshal Haig's men
pressed forward with mighty strides
on the main battle front today, they
had to fight for every yard of ground.
Considerable numbers of guns and
pi iM.ners have been captured all along j
the r.ne and the Kritisn nave again
inflicted the heaviest possible caraal
lis on the enemy. The ground over
which the battle has been fought, was
invariably littered with dead Germans.
Enemy Disorganized and Rattled
StMl fighting a losing battle, the
Gdinnns are unquestionably becoming
f'is'lrpanized and rattled. Officers who
hac been taken prisoner have men
tioned recent reverses and especially
the defeat which now is being suffered
and said that Germany was willing to
g! r anything for peace. These state
ments are given only as showing how
t:,e German army is coming to look
upon the war now going against them.
New Ccrman divisions continue to
i.r'tva in the zone only to be stood up
befoie the advancing British and
mowed down. While they have been
nb!e to check the allies in a measure,
they have been unable to stay their
ccnl'i uous forward movement.
Lost Faith in Higher Command
There are stories of less than a dozen
men being left in some of the German
companies which have participated in
the recent fighting. Soldier prisoners
i-aptuied today expressed themselves
gem-rally as having lost faith in the
hi.hr r command, while non-commis-ionl
officers attributed the defeats to
the inefficiency of the German air
service and more especially to the
presence of many untrained recruits
in the older divisions. Some are said
to have deserted while on the way to
the front.
.S.
PROVIDED BY BILL
'(Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON. Aug. 24. The- $8,
.J,000.000 revenue bill, providing for
tlie greatest tax levy in the history of
the United States, will be agreed upon
finally by the house ways and means
committee Monday, reported to the
house Thursday and brought up for
consideration Monday, Sept. 2. This
program was announced tonight by
chairman Kitchin of the house ways:
nd means committee, with the pre
diction that the house will pass the
uill after a week's consideration.
Final Eitimatet Submitted
Final estimates submitted to the
cr.mmittee by the treasury experts to
day made it unnecessary to contem
plate necessity of resorting to con
sumption taxes or any new devices or
plans for raising additional "revenue
beyond those already in the measure.
These estimates give 18,100.000,000 a
the total probable annual yield of the
bill.
Provide Largest Revenue
4 The- excess profits schedule, agreed
U at a meeting today will provide the
(.-incest revenue, estimated at $3,000,
tiOO.000. The income tax, both individ
ual and corporation, is expected to yieli
.4O0,0"9,n00: the estate or inheritance
tax, $110,000,000; beverages Including
liquors and soft drinks $U"O,i00.o'Ou.
Honors and soft drinks $1,100,000,000,
000.000; automobiles manufacturers
tsx $12r.00.000 and users of automo
biles and motorcycles $73,000,000. Other
items. Including luxuries, make up the
balance.
N HISTORY OF II
General March Says Four
Million Americans In
France Next Summer Will
Bring About This Result
-Republican A.' P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON', Aug. 24. Announc
ing that to date more than 1,500,000
American soldiers have embarked for
foreign shores. General March reiter
ated today his belief that the presence
of 400,000.000 troops of the United
States in France by next summer
would enable the allies to carry out any
campaign they may adopt for the defeat
of Germany and the end of the war.
Such declarations. General March
said, were founded upon cold blooded
study of the respective man power of
all the allies and of the enemy in June,
1919, and "are not issued as spread
eagle statements."
Have Confidence in Men
General March impressed the news
paper men who met him in conference
today with the adequate confidence
American officers have in their men as
a result of the initial tests on the battle
fields of France. He intimated that
the somewhat sensational prediction
which he had made was based as much
upon these soldierly qualities as in the
numerical superiority which the war
department plans to give the allied
command by midsummer of next year.
Has Delivered the Goods
"The American soldier deserves thei
confidence of the American people,"
said General March, "on every occasion
so far where he has been tested he has
absolutely delivered the goods:
My confidence m them is inspired ;
A I .i
ami v ciu)il'ii u.v ?nii!fc nun illt'lii
and beside them in battle. I have or
dered back from Fiance certain men
who have won distinction over there to
give them increased rank in the divis
ions organizing at home. These men
talk the same language I do. You do
not find any lack of confidence on the
front in France among the American
forces.
Officers' Reports Interesting
"These officers are telling me inter
esting things which have not yet come
over in official reports. One officer
reports specifically that in one engage
ment of the First American division,
they captured 68 German guns and
brought them in at the rear of our
trucks. On the same occasion they
took 3.500 prisoners. "Another officer
reported that the Second division,
which he was with, captured ten com
plete German batteries which they
hrought in and presented to General
Pershing."
No Report On First Army
No recent reports have been made to
the department on the progress of the
organization of the first United States
field army, and the chief of staff was
unable to say whether the concentra
tion of the thirty divisions definitely
assigned to Uiis force was nearing com
pletion. This organization is being left
entirely in the hands of General Per
shing who is governed by instructions
from General Foch.
French Advance. Push Enemy Out
Discussing the changes on the west
ern front since last Wednesday, Gen
eral March said the French operating
in the Noyon sector have now advanced
across the plateau overlooking that im
portant base until they have reached
ihe Oise and have progressed northeast
to the Ailette. The enemy has been
pushed out of Carlpont forest, south of
Noyon, and behind the Oise.
. Recent events, General March said,
emphasized that the fine work of the
French has been duplicated on the
British front.
o
TS
AN ATLANTIC PORT. Aug. 24.
Seven men were killed and a number
are said to have been injured tonight
by the bursting of a steam pipe on an
American transport lying at a dock
here.
Fourteen coal passers, it was said,
were in the auxiliary coal room of the
ship when the explosion occurred.
Seven of them were so badly scalded
that when rescuers made their way to
the room they were dead. '
The naval authorities declined to
give any information concerning the
cause of the aecidetn, and no report
was made to the police.
The transport, which is said to have
been one of the largest of the German
liners before it was taken over by the
government has been in the harbor for
some time undergoing repairs.
PRO GERMAN PAPER
ABOUT TO SUSPEND
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
MEXICO CITY. Aug. 24. A decree
issued today by the Carranza govern
ment substitutes for the tax of 12
centavos, gold, per kilogram, on print
paper imports, a 30 per cent tax ia
kind, which means that the govern
ment will secure 30 out of every 100
rolls imported. The former tax was
about 34 per cent of the market pice
of paper in Mexico.
El Democrato. he loading pro-German
periodical in the republic, today
published a full page announcement
stating that it was about to cease pub
lication because of the difficulties of
securing paper and ink.
SEVEN KILLED 1
PIPE
Jr. Red Cross
Ton,Co"f!e. rJ"
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 24. The
governors of California, Nevada
and Arizona, the presidents of the
state universities of these states
and other notables have been in
vited to a conference of the Pacific
division of the Junior Red Cross in
this city, Saturday, August 31, to
consider an educational war pro
gram in the schools of the Pacific
coast.
The meeting was called here to
day by Mrs. Harry A. Klueget, di
rector of the division.
Other conferences will follow in
Los Angeles, Reno and Phoenix,
o
Republican A. P. Lased Wire
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. Four
separate selective draft calls, consti
tuting the first of the September calls
and requiring 188,773 men to entrain
for training camps between August 30
and September 6. were issued tonight
by Provost Marshal General Crowder.
Every" state and the District of Co
lumbia is called to furnish men for
training to augment the forces abroad.
For general military service 125,000
white men and 21,270 negroes are
called; for limited service, 40.503
white men are called.
The calls of the. western states, with
the camps to i.k:h the men are to
be sent include:
General military service, white:
Arizona, quota 30; to Camp Kearny,
California.
California. 3,800, Kearny. Cal.
Colorado 500. Fnnston, kas.
Kansas, 4.500. Funston , Kas.
Missouri. 5,t0fi, MacArthur. Texas.'
New Mexico. 40ft, MacArthur, Texas.
Oklahoma. 4,000. Logan, Texas.
Texas. 8,000. Travis. Texas.
General military' service. ' colored.
Entrainment September 1, 10!S:
Arizona, 7, Lewis.
California, 75, Lewis.
Colorado, 43, Lewis.
Kansas, 107, Funston.
New Mexico, 5, Travis.
Oklahoma. 294. Dodge.
Texas, 400, Dodge.
Texas. 903, Travis. ,
Limited service, white; entrainmeni i
September 3-8, 191R:
Arizona. 100, Bowie, Texas.
California, 500. Bowie. Texas.
Colorado. 300, Fort Itiley.
Kansas. 400, Fort Riley.
New Mexico. 100, Bowie.
Oklahoma. 500, Bowie.
Texas. 800, Bowie.
Limited service, white (military in
telligence photographers) entrainment
August 30, IMS:
New Mexico, 3, Fort Meyer, Va.
o
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
OWENSBORO, Ky., Aug. 24. Fire
starting tonight at 7 o'clock at the
plant of the Green River Distilling
company here by 10:30 o'clock tonight
had destroyed the entire plant, 43,000
barrels of whiskey and entailed a loss
well in excess of $3,000,000. The whis
key alone was valued at $2,800,000 and
the loss to the United States govern
ment in taxes is approximately $6,
750,000. River Seemed on Fire
The fire started in a pile of trash
alongside the distillery. The fire was
spectacular in the extreme, the flames
mounting hundreds of feet in the air.
Every few minutes a blazing barrel of
whiskey driven upward by the explo
sion of other barrels would rise to a
great height and then fall. When it
struck, the whiskey it contained would
be spread over the ground in a bias
ing sheet for many yards. Burning
streams of whiskey ran through the
ditches of the open fields into the
river, the whole surface of whic.i
seemed at times to be on fire.
Difference Accounted For
The difference in the value placed
upon whiskey and the amount of tax
estimated to have been lost by the gov
ernment is accounted for by the fact
that the internal revenue tax had not
been paid on any of it and the value
placed upon it was the value of spirits,
tax unpaid. The tax on whiskey is
$3.20 a proof gallon and the average
contents of a barrel of whiskey when
first placed in the warehouse with no
"outage" allowance is 47 gallons.
o
ALLEGED DESERTER
KILLED BY POSSE
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
DURANGO. Colo.. Aug. 24. A tele
phone message received here tonight
reported that R. Archuleta, an alleged
deserter, had been killed by a posse
of 60 men from Moab, Utah. Tho-posse
surrounded him in the hills not far
from the place where Forest Ranger
Ralph Millenteen was killed Friday
night. When Archuleta resisted ar
lest, it was said the posse opened fire.
Arehuleta was the man whom the
. ranger was seeking when he was killed
accoiuing 10 me report. j
ARIZONA GALLED ON
F0R17MENDURI
ill SEPTEMBER
i
WHISKY VALUED AT
SUM BUR1IS
llOBBOROiKY
BRITISH FORCES
FIGHT BA TTLE OF
UREA 1 1JS 1 EJSS1 1 Y
(By the Associated Press)
WITHOUT PAUSE the British forces battling
against the Germans are moving forward in the
direction of Bapaume. The fighting has been
extremely heavy, but there has been no stopping Field
Marshal Haig's men, -and the
headquarters says that they are making progress along
the entire front of the British attack.
The important towns of Bray, Thiepval and Grand
court, together with several smaller places have been cap
tured and more than 2,000 prisoners have been taken.
Fighting Intense Near Miraumont
Around Miraumont, which lies a little north of Grand
court, the fighting has been of great intensity, and this
place apparently has fallen, as Haig's report says that "the
enemy held out until outflanked by advancing columns."
British detachments have reached Avesnes-Les-Bapaume,
which lies very close to Bapaume, whose capture
is expected at an early date, but not without severe fight
ing.
Official Statements
BRITISH
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
LONDON, Aug. 24. Despite
considerable hostile reinforce
ments, says Field Marshal Haig's
report fromthe British front in
France tonight, progress has been
made along the whole front of our
attack. Bray has been captured
and a number of prisoners secured.
"Further progress has been made
,-long the high ground southeast of
Albert. Several hundred prisoners
we'i taken. La Boisselle, Orvillers,
Mouquet farm, Thiepval, and
Grandcourt have been captured
with over 2,000 prisoners. Our
troeps ' are astride the Thiepval
ridqe and are advancing eastward.
"There was heavy fighting about
Miraumont, where the enemy held
out until we flanked advancing
columns.
"On the remainder of the British
front successful local actions have
taken place. North of the Scarpe
we have captured a section of the
German front line northeast of
Fampoux, with a few prisoners.
"North of the. La Basses canal
we captured the old British front
iine east and northeast of Given
chy and made progress into the
German positions in a completely
successful operation, in which all
objectives were secured with over
sixty prisoners. During the night
our patrols occupied Neuf Ber
puin. where a number of German
dead were found by our troops.
"This morning we have advanced
our line north of Bailleul on a front
of a mile, capturing some fifty
prisoners. A counter attack at
tempted by the enemy during the
afternoon was crushed by our ar- -tillery."
FRENCH
Republican A. P. . Leased Wire
PARIS, Aug. 24. The American
troops in the Fismes sector have
advanced as far north as the Sois-sons-Reims
road, according to
the war office announcement to
night. The statement says:
"Between the . Ailette and the
Aisne,' we have made progress
south of Crecy-Au-Mont and taken
about 100 prisoners.
"West of Fismes the American
troops have carried their line as
far as the Soissons-Reims road on
a front of about 800 meters.
"On Friday nine German air
planes were brought down or put
out of action and a captive balloon
was burned."
GERMAN
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
BERLIN, Aug. 24, (via London).
The communication from general
headquarters today says:
"The British extended their at
tacks in a northerly direction as
far as southeast of Arras and in
a southerly direction beyond the
Somme, as far as Chaulnes. The
armies of von Below and von Der
Marwitz broke the .storming attack
of the enemy who was in superior
numbers.
"The strongest artillery engage
ment preceded the battle launched
at daybreak. Our advance lines,
in accordance with orders, with
drew and are fighting along the
Croisilles-St. Leger line.
"Northwest of Bapaume we ac
cepted battle on the St. Leger
Achiet-Le-Grand Miraumont line,
against which the early enemy at
tacks broke down. During the aft-.
ernoon renewed enemy assaults
gained ground in the direction of
Mory. A Prussian regiment
launched a counter attack from
the northeast and drove back the
enemy who had then penetrated
beyond Mory. .-'
"Enemy attacks launched in the
direction of Bapaume pressed back
our line towards Behagnies-Pys.
Here local reserves brought the
enemy to a standstill and during
the night repulsed strong attacks
which were several times repeated.
"On both sides of Miraumont a
storming attack, four times re
peated was shattered before- cur
lines. A. vice sergeant majar with ,
a single qun here destroyed six
enemy tanks. East of Hamel the.
enemy gained a footing on the
eastern bank of the Ancre. His
attacks from Albert broke down
, east of the town."
latest report from British!
Americans Move Forward
American troops holding the ground
around Fismes have moved up to the
Soissons-Rheims road along a front of
about half a mile, while the French,
though not extensively engaged, have
made some progress south of Creey-Au-Mont.
The storm center of the battle dur
ing the past day has seemed .to be in
the neighborhood of Bapaume. Karly
dispatches on Saturday told of British
troops within a couple of miles of the
town, but later reports showed that the
Germans, determined to save Bapaume
from the allies, had rushed new. forces
into the struggle.
Enemy Slows Up Advance
It seems that the enemy has suc
ceeded in slowing up the British, if they
have not stopped them north and west
of Bapaume. The importance of the
town from a tactical standpoint makes
it the chief point of attack in this
sector.
Further south the Germans are still
clinging to Miraumont, on the Ancre. in
spite of the fact that the British on
both flanks of the place have swept far
to the eastward. Just below Miraumont
the situation is somewhat obscure, but
it would seem probable that the Ger-
mans have thrown enough men into thejGcneraI pcrshing's calls for airplanes.
battle to retard the British.
Capture of Bray Important
Nearer the Somme however, the
Germans have not been so successful.
It is reported that Bray has been cap
tured by the British, who are said to
be to the east of that town. Bray is
imporant because it stands on high
ground and dominates a large amount
of territory on each side of the Somme.
There are few details of the progress
of the fighting south of the Somme.
The capture of cannon is reported from
this region, but there has been no news
of further progress there by the British.
Sector Comparatively Quiet
Along the Chaulnes-Roye sector of
the line, there is comparative quiet.
This region has not been mentioned in
recent advices.
Although the French are known to be
close to Noyon, that city is still held by
the Germans. The French hold ground
Slong the southern bank of the Oise,
and have been reported to be across
it at two points, but they appear to have
ceased their attacks for the moment
L'l Zit, .X k 4-.iti, inr ,h. ,,tm.
seeming to he waiting for the outcome
of the fighting In Picardy and Artois.
The left bank of the Ailette is also
held by the French. There Have been
reports that they have crossed this
stream, but these have not been offi
cially confirmed. South of the Atlan
ety; the French appear to be definitely
neia up on ine niiis norm, oi cuis&uhb, j
Their position there, nowever, wouia
seem to render the German positions
near Soissons untenable.
Americans Hold Vesle Line
Local fighting of some seveifty has
taken place along the Vesle river, where
Americans are holding the line.
Trench raids by the French in the
Lorraine sector are reported from the
French war office. This activity in what
has been for some time a quiet sector
may be the prelude to an attack against
tne Germans there, but there is noth
ing yet to substantiate this suggestion.
Light sea forces have had a rather
slight encounter off Dunkirk, Fiance.
Both the British and German official
reports stat-? that losses were inflict d
by their respective units, btt deny suf
fering any losses.
Situation is Delicate
The diplomatic siL'tion I etween
Spain and Germany seems to be ri'tite
delicate as- the result of the decision
on the part of the former to take over
on a ton-for-ton basis German ships
to replace Spanish, ships lost through
attacks by submarines. It is reported
that Berlin has sent a protest to Mad
rid, but has not agreed to limit subma
rine warfare or guarantee Spain
against further losses.
o
BIG GERMAN GUN
TAKEN TO PARIS
PARIS. Aug. 24. (Havas Agency)
Australian troops during the recent
lighting captured a heavy German 280
millimeter 111.02 inches) gun, and its
tomn!;te ammunition supply.
From a captured document it ap
pears that this giin. which is of recent
model and with a range of more than
18 miles, hnd hern intended for use
in the bombardment of Amiens.
It was mounted on a railway train.
It has been brought to Paris where the
public will be allowed to inspect it.
350 AIRPLANE NEWMANPOWER
nnmnnniin inr nil i innnTrn
UUAUnuivb Ant bILL AUUr ltl)
NEEDED ABROAD
Thirteen Now In France,
When There Should be 175.
Personal Criticism Freely
Voiced by Witnesses
iReoubllcan A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. America s
aircraft program for the great army
that is counted upon to win the war
next year calls for 350 complete squad
rons of planes, and the man part of the
program already is ahead of schedule
with 3,0Q0 pilots trained.
This information, given by Major
General Kenly, chief of the division of
military aeronautics, and many other
facts hitherto held secret, were dis
closed today when the senate military
committee made public testimony
taken behind closed doors during three
months of investigating by the avia
tion sub-committee, headed by Sena
tor Thomas of Colorado.
Thirteen Squadrons Need 17S
General Kenly told the committee
there now are thirteen American air
plane squadrons, of 273 machines in
France, whereas there should be 17S
squadrons.
William C. Potter, assistant director
of rirplane production said General
Pershing had called for 25,000 planes
by July 1, 1919, and had been told it
was hoped to deliver 18.000 to 20,600.
This would meet replacement de
mands of squadrons in the field.
C. W. Nash, former president of the
Nash Motor company and now as
sistant to John D. Ryan, in engineer
ing and production gave it as his opin
ion that nothing but De Haviland ma
chines could be delivered before next
January and if 10,000 airplanes were
delivered by next July it , would be
"almost a miracle."
Witnesses "Brutally" Frank
General Kenly and other officers
in fact all of the witnesses apparent
ly fcave their statements with what
Senator Iteed characterized at one
stage as "brutal frankness'' all being
examined secretly and apparently
without considering the possibility ot
the publicity now given.
Personal criticisms were voiced with
freedom. An example is found in Gen
eral Kenly s examination concerning
In lesponse to questions General Ken
lyppoke of what he would do if he
were in charge at home and abroad,
and added:
"If you look over the cables you
wou!d find a cable from overseas asks
for one thing one day, and the next
day countermands the order, and the
next dnv nsks fnr it nirain unit n wer-k
later countermands it." !
No Real Friction Exists
Thtre is no real friction between the
mmy and navy. General Kenly told
the committee, except "a very strong
feeling that the navy sometimes is
getting more than its share."
General Kenly and other officers
confirmed reports that General Persh
ing stopped manufacture of Spad ma
chines last year, and recently had
criticised several of the De Haviland
models forwarded.
In outlining next year's program
sent in by General Pershing, witnesses
told the committee that General Persh
ing was advised that in trying to get
lg oo or -0 0P9 machines delivered by
.,.i,i. oimi
next July, the authorities "are aiming
rat'nei high." A squadron in the avia
tion service, it was explained, normal
ly consists of 18 fliers, but they usually
have 21.
Call Creel "Licensed Liar"
Duiing Secretary Baker's examina.
tion he was sharply questioned re
garding airplane photographs dis
iributed by the Committee on Public
Information with what the secretary
conceded were "exaggerated" captions.
During the tilt. Senator Reed of
M'.sscuri referred to Chairman George
Creel of the Committee on- Public In
formation as a "licensed liar," intend
ing to mislead the public.
o
BULLET IN BRAIN
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
' HOUSTON, Texas, Aug. 24. C. J.
Boothroyd, general agent of the Con
stitutionalist railroads of Mexico with
headquarters in Houston, was fatally
wounded at his office in this city this
evening." He died soon after he was
taken to a hospital.
Mr. Boothroyd occupied the position
of purchasing agent of the government
controlled Mexican railroads in the
southern district. ' ,
The pistol with which the shooting
was done was found in the office. The
bullet entered his right temple.
NOTICE TO READERS OF THE
ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
New orders direct from the War Industries Board, at Washington, Instructs
all daily newspapers in the United States,- to place all subscriptions on
strictly cash paid in advance basis only, beginning at once and absolutely
finally effective in full by October 1st.
Send your remlttifnce at once, if not already paid. 75c per month, but
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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
Bl TIE HOUSE
Measure Passed With Only
Slight Changes from Orig
inal. May Go to President
Latter Part of Week
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. The new
man power bill, extending the selective
draft to all men between the ages of
18 and 45 years was passed by the
house tonight with only slight changes
in the original drafted by the war de
partment. The final vote was 336 to 2.
The final vte was preceded by three,
days' debate, during which the chief
contention was an amendment to de
fer the calling of youths from 18 to 20
years until older men had been sum
moned. A final effort was made by
Chairman Dent today to place the 1S-year-old
boys in a deferred class but
a motion to recommit the bill to the
military affairs committee with in
structions to incorporate that amend
ment was lost, 191 to 146.
Predict Early Action by Senate
The bill now goes to the senate
where leaders tonight, predicted its
passage early next week. The senate
plans to substitute the house bill of
the measure favorably reported by the
military committee of that body and
thus expedite its final enactment.
Congressional leaders hope to send the
measure to the president by the latter
part of next week.
The senate soon after convening, un
expectedly abandoned plans for a vote
today and adjourned until Monday.
Work or Fight Amendment Fails
An attempt in the house to insert a
work or fight amendment by which
those exempted from military service
on occupational grounds would be re
quired to remain at their civil tasks,
failed. 62 to 91. .The amendment was
directed against strikes and was char
acterized by officials of the American
Federation of Labor as a conscription
ot labor.
The house today reversed its action
of yesterday in voting to include mem
bers of congress in the draft. By a
rising vote, S3 to 143 it defeated an
amendment by Representative Gregg
of Texas, whi-'i would make members
of congress. ::;ate legislatures and fed
eral and state executive officers liable
to draft.
No Police Exemption
An amendment by Representative
Smith of New York, to exempt polite
officers in cities of more than 50ff,000
population and designed to relieve the
situation in New York, where a short
age of policemen is said to be threat
ened, was defeated.
An amendment by Representative
Tread way of Massachusetts which was
adopted, provides for the appointment
of special examiners in local districts
for the re-examination of men placed
in deferred classification as a means
of further combing the deferred classes
lor additional men for active service.
Secretary Baker Explains
Chairman Dent, of the house mili
tary committee read a letter todav
from Secretary Baker, in which the
latter set forth his objections to the
McKenzie amendment, which was de
feated yesterday and which provided
for deferring "the call of youths from
18 to 20 years. Mr. Baker said he be
lieved the amendment would seriously
impair the ability of the war depart
ment to get the men in accordance
with military program.
Senators Falls of New Mexico. Smith
of South Carolina. New of Indiana, an
nounced in the senate their support of
the bill. Opposition to drafting boys
under 21 years of age was voiced by
Senator Vardaman of Mississippi, who
said if the boys are to be called he
favored extending the maximum draft:
age to include men of 60 years.
Senators Enlisted Early
Answering arguments of opponents
of the plan to lower draft ages to IS,
Senator Chamberlain called the sen
ate's attention to the fact that Sen
ators Martin of Virginia and Bankhead
of Alabama entered the Confederate
army, and senator Nelson of Minne
sota, and Senator Goff of West, Virgi
nia entered the Union army at 18 years
of age or younger. Senator Warren
of Wyoming enlisted -when 17 years
of age he added. Former Senator
Daniel of trginia enlisted at 18 fnd
was an officer at 19; Former Senator
McKenna entered the army at 16 years
of age, and Alexander Hamilton was in
the continental army at 19.
"The young men are the ones to
fight this war. if it is to be fought to a
successful finish." the Oregon Senator
declared, "and America intends to fight
it to a successful finish."
o
KNOCKED OUT BY DEMPSEY
DAYTON, O., Aug. 24 Jack Dempsey
knocked out Terry Kellar of Dayton in
the fifth round of their scheduled 15
round bout here tonight. Kellar went
down for the count in the irst round.
The men are heavyweights.

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