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THE ARIZONA BE PUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-NINTH YEAR 12 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 29, 1918 12 PAGES VOL. XXIX., NO. 98 SMASH B IM If: SOISSdS; I MEXICANS AGA1 FIRE ACM 1 ,- ; : SS BORDER REERET AFFAIR Merchant of Nogales Who Was In Mexican Town During Battle, Sees Lack Of Hostile Feeling Republican A. P. Leased Wire NOG ALL:-, AU1Z., Aug. 28. Tnat the feeling of the people of Nogales, Sonora, Is or.c of regret rather than animosity over the shooting, was the statement made tonight by Kelly Henry, a merchandise broker of this eily, who was the first American to cms.-: the border to the American side when the international line was opened to traffic late today. Took Refuge With Friend Mr. Henry was on the Mexican side on a business trip when the shooting began shortly rifter 4 o'clock yester (iey afternoon and found refuge in the ffice of Joaquin Rucahado. a friend, ii nil business associate. Mr. Henry rnr.ained in the building, an adobe structure, in the business district of the Mixican town just a few yards from the international line, until the t-imo'ing subsided. The building was struck several times by bullets but none of them pierced the thick adobe wall. Mexican Town Orderly Now Mr. Henry passed the night at the h'.'ne of Mr. Rucabado and remained en tne Mexican side until traffic across the border was resumed late today. He jaul that the night passed quietly and th.it ne shots were heard in the Mex ican tO'vn. The entire iown was in darkness and the streets were well patrolled, he said. Everything was orderly in ihe Mex ican town today, .lr. Henry i. hied, the only feature noticeable being the un usu.il number of funeral processions passing through the streets. Oecasion .il crowds gatheied but there was no excitement apparent and no dcraon Etiation was made anywhere. No Animosity Displayed Mr. Henry said he was particularly impressed by the lack of hostile spirit shown in a hotel dining room where he lunched todav. "There w ere six of us Americans and about forty Mexicans in the dining, remi," .Mr. Henry said. "No signs of animosity was displayed on either side. No ill looks were exchanged and no words exchanged. "I went out on the streets several times during the day and noticed nothing untoward. I think I may safe ly s.iy that the feeling shown in regard to the trouble, by the people of Xogales, Sonoia. was excellent. When I re crossl into the L'nited States at 3 o'clock this afternoon. I h-id no diffi culty with the Mexican custom of ficials, finding them uniformly cour teous. Shooting Unfortunately Affair "The opinion, insofar as it Is ex pressed by the people of Nogales, Sonora, with whom I conversed, is that the shooting was an unfortunate af fair, started by irresponsible persons under undue stress of excitement. "business was conducted in the Mex ican toivn today much as usual. Most of the stores were opened during the tay. A number of window panes had been broken by bullets and many of the smaller frame buildings present a riddled appearance. Estimate of Dead Incorrect. The smnll wooden buildings on the hillsides suffered the most. From one frame shack two dead and one wounded Mexicans wet removed. "From the number of funerals and the activity at the hospital it would s"cm" that the estimate of thirteen killed and fifteen wounded, made by the Mexican consul in Nogales, Ariz., is incorrect. "A number of Mexican residents moved their families during the night to a small village twelve miles south of the border. Some of these families returned to their homes today, con vinced that hostilities are over." iiSght germans all day Republican A. P. Leaied Wire WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE. Aug. 28. The attack of the Americans against the Germans north west of Soissons began shortly after o'clock this morning and within an hour the first objectives, aggregating something more than a kilometer, had benn obtained north and cast of Cha vigny. The Germans counter attacked but with the exception of a small part of one wing the American line held steady. Where it gave way about 300 meters the withdrawal was due to the necessity of straightening the line. The fighting, which for the most part involved the artillery, continued throughout the day and was still going on tonight. The early action of the Americans was part of a plan carefully made and carefully carried out. It was preceded bv artillery preparation and the in fjntry advanced under a vigorous bar rage. MAY BE FATALLY HURT INDIANAPOLIS. Aug. 28. Gov. James P. Goodrich of Indiana, was per haps fatally injured in an accident to night when his automobile collided with a street car. He suffered con cussion of the brain and a skull frac- . turc. 11 AMERICAN GENERAL SENDS WARNING TO MEXICAN OFFICIAL (By the Associated Press) N OG ALES, ARIZ, Aug. 28. 9:.j5 o dock tonight. Between 16 and 20 shots were fired from the Mexican side of.the border. A general alarm was sounded on the Arizona side of the international line and the mobilization of troops and civilians followed immediately. American forces here were increased this afternoon by the arrival of new units. Gaston Ruddoch, a customs guard, aged 20, died here tonight of 'wounds received in the clash with Mexicans across the border vesterdav. death from injuries received in the fight. Warning Sent to Mexican General Notification that he would cross the line if another shot was fired by the Mexicans De Rosey Cabell, commander General P. Elias (.alles, governor ot Sonora The notification was sent General Calles by General Cabell through the Mexican consul and the American consul at Nogales, Sonora, when firing was resumed on the Mexican side of the border after regrets had been offered by the Mexican officials and an armistice effected. Another American Enlisted Man Wounded In the firing from the Mexican side of the border to night one American enlisted man whose name was not immediately obtainable, was wounded. A machine gunner of the tenth cavalry fired IS shots to cover the rescue of his wounded comrade. At 11:00 all was quiet on both sides of the line with the American troops deployed along International avenue ready, for instant action. General Cabell's message to General Elias Calles was in response to one from General Calles in which the latter asserted that the shooting tonight had been started by the Americans. "This Nonsense Must Stop" In concluding his statement to General Calles, General Cabell said: "If another volley is fired by your people, I will take every man I have and come over and get you and every thing you have. We are through Avith this nonsense."' When other American soldiers went to the aid of the wounded man, shots at them were fired from the Sonora side of the line. The Americans returned the fire. Mexicans Were the Aggressors General Calles, after the exchange of shots, sent a message to General Cabell through the American and Mexican consuls in which he declared tfiat the first shots fired tonight were from the rifles of American negro sold iers on the line. To this, through the same means of communication. General Cabell replied that he had no negro troops on the line tonight; that shots from the Mexican side were fired first, wounding an American soldier, and . that other soldiers, going to his aid, fired in self defense onlv when lurcher shots were tired at Considered Local Affair XOGALES, Ariz., Aug. 28 Twenty four hours after the skirmish between United States troops and Mexicans on the international border here late yes terday, conditions in the Mexican and American towns had resumed the nor mal and the tense situation of last night Is now considered history and in the light of official investigations, is considered purely a local affair without international political aspects. No further trouble is expected. American and Mexican officials agreed today that the shooting started on the Mexican side of- the border yes terday afternoon and that Mexicah! custom guards and civilians were pri marily responsible for the affair. Neither American nor Mexican soldiers were responsible for starting the shooting it was announced here to night and only participated in the skir mish after firing had started. .Women on Casualty List Mexican Consul Zertuche announced late today he had sent an official re port to Washington. D. C, stating that he estimated the Mexican casualties in yesterday's fighting at 13 killed and 1 wounded, including four Mexican women. However, it was believed here that the casualties would prove to be greater when a careful investigation was made on the Mexican side of che line, as many dead and wounded were, seen being carried into houses for con cealment. The inability to get ac curate estimates of the Mexican casu alties was due to the fact that the oort was closed last night and oday all telephone communication suspenoed and no Americans permitted to cross to the Mexican side. To be Buried at Arlington The condition of Lieutenant Luke Loftus remains serious, but it is now believed he will recover. The bodies of Captain J. D. Hungerford and Pri vate Barney Lots, killed during the fighting are being held here. Captain Hungerford's body will be returned to his home in Washington. D. C, tomorrow for burial in Arlington cemetery following a military funeral here. A military funeral will also hi given for Corporal Lots here tomorrow. Officials Express Regret Mutual expressions of regret over the affair of yesterday were exchange.) today by General De Rosey C. Cabell (Continued on page Two) Firing was resumed about This was the third American was sent tonight by General of the American forces, to them. SAX FRAXCISCO. Aue. 28. A lean of nearly 8.000 votes with about two iniros or tne precincts of the state accounted for was the statistical basis tarry tonight upon which rested statement trom Governor ,w. I). etepnens thanking the- republican voters of the state for nominating him over Mayor James Rolph of San Fran cisco. Mayor Rolph, also running as a oemocrat, was a vigorous first to night over Francis J. Heney. Governor Stephens who lost his ap parent icaa in yesterday s primary when the discovery of tabulating er rors late today put Mayor James Kolph of San irancisco ahead for th governorship, early tonight regained tirst place.' Complete returns from 3508 of 6303 precincts in the state gave Stephens iuo.sl'O and Kolph 102,386 for the re publican nomination. The same returns gave Rolph 42,742 and Francis J. Heney 29,104 on the democratic ticket. DETROIT, Mich... Aug. 28. After see-sawing throughout the day be tween John W. Bailey and Edward A Frensdorf, the leaders in the race for the democratic nomination for gover nor rested early tonight with the for mer. Interest in Tuesday's primary elec tion swung to the democratic guberna torial fight early this morning after the count of ballots In the senatorial contests showed overwhelming vic tories for Truman H. Newberry on the republican and Henry Ford on the democratic ticket. AMERICAN PRISONERS WASHINGTON. Aug. 28. Ameri cans held as prisoners of war in Ger man camps announced tonight by the war department include: At Camp Karlsruhe: Lieut. Clyde C. Vaughn. Liberty Hill. Tex. At unknown cam;: Lieut. Stuart E. McKeown, Fort Col lins, Colo. fll STEVENS THAIS SUPPORTERS OF DRIFT BILL IS UTODIf Enactment by Congress and Transmission to President Appears Assured. AVork or Fight Amendment Deleted Republican A. WASHINGTON" P. Leased Wire Aug. 28 Enact- ment by congress and transmission to President Wilson tomorrow of the man power bill, broadening the army draft age limits to include men of IS to 45 years of age, appeared assured late to day when the senate and house con ferees unexpectedly reached a com rlete agreement on all important dis putes striking out the senate's "work or fight" amendment. Adoption of the conferees' agreement by both senate and house immediately after they reconvened at noon tomor row was regarded by the conferees as a certainty. Only disposal of two minor amendments and drafting of the formal agreement remain to be done tomorrow before the assembling of the two iiovses. To Expedite Enactment Elimination of the "work or fight amendment, on which the senate con ferees yielded, paved the way for the virtual agreement on the measure. 1 ne work or fight proposal was re garded as the only dispute likely to cause delay and the senate's managers consented to its deletion from the bill largely to expedite enactment. Some complaint is expected from the senate majority favoring the "work or fight" clause, which organized labor repre sentatives have vigorously onnosed and me r.ouse voted down,, but adoption tomorrow of the complete conference report by both senate and house was regarded as a foregone conclusion. Crowder Opposes Amendment The amendments left for the final conference, planned early tomorrow. were those of Senators Penrose of Pennsylvania, and 'France of Mrv- land, respectively, orovidine- that ren-. istrants need not claim exemDtion or deferred classification, and for badges or insignia for men deferred for in dustrial or other service. General Crowder who opposes the Penrose amendment because it would compel revision of millions of printed ques tionnaires and thus delay the new (Continued on Page Two) o TAI Republican A. P. Leased Wire iv.wraru.x, Aug. 28. John, D. Ryan, second assistant secretary r.r nor and director of aeronautics today made i diniitiii oi wnat work has been going on in the bureau of aircraft pro- uu.uion aunng the last few months while investigations and reorganiza tions have made it advisable to keep In announcing it has been necessary to abandon the Bristol, because it was found unsafe, and of little military value, Mr. Ryan said the same thing nappen again. He pointed out inai uc navnand planes, mnrnved hv experience, have reached quantity pro- uucuon, anu told ot successful effr.r, of American' and foreign designers to in new ij pes or planes to Liberty mo tors, uraers ror Liberty 12 cylinder uiu.uis nmp oeen increased from 22,- uuv 10 ou.wju, ne said, and building of Fispano-Suiza and eight cylinder Liberty motors had been ordered "to uaiance tne program. Up to Expectations iuouir prouuction was fully up to expectations. Air. Kyan said, and each oi tne allied governments is seeking mm iiueny motors tnan can be built. we are making a good many De Haviland fours," he said. "There has oeen a good deal of criticism of them, onu nine nave oeen a good many changes made on them recently. These changes have not been discovered in tne way tnat is generally supposed. "When they were first built an of. ficer from this bureau was sent to see tnese macnines put together on the oiner side, to see them flown. This officer returned and reported his find ings, borne days after his return i cable was received from General Persh me covering the same points. The orders for changes were made. So called defects that result in changes arc not in many cases what you can really call defects at all but improve ments. British Plane Here Mpdels of the S.Eo. a single seated British fighter, have been brought to tne united states. Mr. Ryan said, and copies of it are being tested. CaDtain le Pere, a French aviator, has designed three types of planes to fly with the Liberty twelve, he said, "and they are premising. - "There are at least two other types of machines designed here that are being flown that we do not think it advisable to give publicity to because they are not so far along that we feel satisfied they are going through," Mi Ryan said. .. "AVe do not want to say that we have five types and then Come out with only three. These are all machines that can be made in quantities." Orville Wrisht, Glenn Curtis. Glenn Vartin and other prominent airplane designers and manufacturers are al ready assisting on the new models, Mr. Ryan said T SECRETARY Rl MAKES STATEMENT ABU RPLANES GERMANS FACING ALLIES ARE NOW IN GREAT PERIL '(By the Associated Press) T HE GERMANS facing the boissons everywhere are in dire peril. On almost every sector of the battle front the enemy line continues to crumble before the allied, attack, notwithstanding the violence, born of desperatiolo, of the counter offensive tactics. Old Hindenburg Line Well Outflanked Near Arras the old IJindenburg line now is well out flanked; from the Scarpe to the Somme the hostile line gradually is falling back while from the south of the Somme to Soissons the enemy front has literally been smashed and the German posts apparently are caught in two distinct traps, escape from which without heavy losses in men made prisoner and guns and material captured seems almost im possible of achievement. Americans Enter Fray With French Scores of additional toAvns have been captured bv the British, French and American troops, the Americans hav ing entered the fray with the French northwest of Sois sons, while all of the old German salients in the allied lines now have been flattened out and the allies themselves have dug deeply into the enemy's terrain. Official Statements BRITISH Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, August 28. The Aus tralians have reached the line of Fresnes-Herbecourt, according to Field Marshal Haig's report from British headquarters tonight, but have met with much opposition in their efforts to reach the cross ings of the Somme river at Brie and Peronne. FRENCH Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, August 28. In a swift advance today covering more than six miles at certain points the French troops south of the Somme recaptured forty villages, the war office announces tonight. The left bank of the Somme has been reached between Cizancourt and Nesle, as well as the west bank of the canal Du Nord be tween Nesle and Noyon, over the greater part of its course. American troops in the region of Juvigny repulsed numerous Ger man counter attacks and broke up an enemy attempt to cross the Vesle south of Bazoches. ITALIAN Republican A. P. Leased Wire ROME. August 28. An enemy motorboat een on Lake Garda on the Trentino front was sunk yes terday by Italian artillery, says the official statement issued today by the Italians war office. Italian reconnoitering patrols captured prisoners in the Posina valley and in Val Di Assa. Patrols also were very active in the Grap pa region where they took some prisoners and destroyed an enemy advanced post. In Albania on Tuesday morning Italian cavalry reconnoitering south of the lower Semineini, drove back hostile detachments and cap tured prisoners. GERMAN Republican A. P. Leased Wire BERLIN. Auaust 28. (via Lon- don) In the operations in the Ves le sector the Germans claim to have inflicted severe losses on the Americans and taken more than 250 prisoners. This claim is set forth in the statement from gen eral headquarters today. o CATTLE F Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Aug. 28. Shipments of eaUIe from the drouth affected re gions of Texas and OklahomaHo pas ture land in Pennsylvania, Virginia and other eastern states will be en couraged by both the railroad and food administrations according to an nouncement today. The railroad administration recently ordered a twenty-five per cent reduc tion in the freight rates on cattle ship ments from the two states. The food aaministration has instructed state and local administrators in Texas and Oklahoma to assist eastern buyers in ine ary aistricts. ROM DROUTH DISTRICTS NOTICE TO READERS OF THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN New orders direct from the War Industries Board, at Washington, Instructs all daily newspapers in the United States, to place all subscriptions on strictly cash paid in advance basis only, beginning at once and absolutely finally effective in full by October 1st. Send your remittance at once, if not alreacfy paid. 7oc per month, but $2.00 for 3 months. $4 for 6 months and $8.00 for 1 year is still effective rate for daily and Sunday Arizona Republican. Pon't wait until jour paper is discontinued, but remit at once. . THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN allied forces from Arras to Enemy Trapped in Triangle The first trap in which the enemy finds himself is the tri.miHn fnrme,i by the sharn curve of the Kmm iver with Peronne its anev anrl Curlu on the Somme and Fresnes le spectively, its northern and southern bases. This triangle is a little more than three miles deep and six miles wide, and in it the Germans are fight ing with their backs toward the Somme on both the north and the east. Desperate resistance is being offereo by the enemy in order that his men may have time to reach a haven of safety across the stream, but tne British are hard after their quarry "and with the French a little to the soutn almost up to the river to aid them by an outflanking movement, it would seem that the odds are heavily against the Germans. French Spring Another Trap It was the French troops who sprang thg other trap. With the fall of of Chaulnes, the French forces routed the enemy over a front of about 19 miles and penetrated the region to a depth at some points of nearly seven miles. From the north of Chaulnes to Xesle the penetration of the French reached the heights on the left bank of the Somme: southward the advan-e left the French along the Canal du Xord at various points between X?sle and the outskirts of Xoyon; south and southeast of Noyon gains also were and Xoyon and the entire region be tween Nesle and Soissons now are in a great pocket and with the French pincers working hard to close upon it. Americart Fighting Violently The Americans are fighting with the French northwest of Soissons in the operation which has in view the blot ting out of the Xoyon sector and the outflanking of the Aisne and the old Chemin des Dames positions. Official reports have the Americans and ituvii iiKuiuiK loienuy w itn the enemy around Juvigny and Chavignv, where they have gained some ground. ine Americans have successfully 3us lainea several neavy enemy counter attacks in this region. The Americans and the Germans also are engaged in bitter battles around Bazoches and Fismette on the vesle. Hold Germans Back The Germans endeavored to ford the Vesle south of Bazoches but were held by the Americans. Likewise an enemv assault against Fismette was stopped. ine uerman otficial communication asserts that the Americans have suf fered severe losses and lost more than 250 prisoners in the battle along the v esie. 15 OFF FOR RESERVES WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IX FRANCE, Aug. 28. (Reuter) How hard the enemy is off for reserves may be gathered from the fact that the 14Sth regiment of the 4lst division re appeared in the line during the defense of Cappy. on the south bank of the Somme, although this division lost 2. 250 men made prisoner at Warfusee between August 8 and August 10 and was withdrawn ss no longer fit to fight. Prisoners say during Vine of the British bombing raids the headquarters of Prince Rupprecht, of Bavaria, was struck nnu among the casualties were a gen-ral of the Pioneers and a staff captain. Rupprecht was absent. The prisoners expressed the view he should be with his army instead of courtin his princess fiancee. ENEMY W FIGHTING HARD ON BOH F THE SCARPE British Launch Fresh At tack and Wrest Valuable Ground From Desperately Resisting Enemv at River AVITH THE BRITISH ARMY IX FRANCE, Aug. 28 (By The Associat ed Press.) On both sides of the Scarpa river hard fighting continued today, the British launching fresh attacks and wresting from the desperately re sisting enemy additional valuable stretches of ground, many more ad vantageous positions and numerous towns, including Croisilles. In the center of the wide battle field on which three British armies the First, Third and Fourth are operating there seems to be a slight pause. South of the Somme, Faye and Ablaincourt were taken by the British without much difficulty, for the Ger mans, being hard pressed south of the points by the French, were ready to go with slight persuasion. Smother Hun Hordes Despite Storm Since early this mornins storm after storm has been sweeping across this section of France. Despite the un favorable weather, the forces in the north have driven deep into the hur riedly arranged enemv defenses smothering hordes of the Huns. Ihese Huns had been thrown into the fighting in this section in an ef fort to keep the British from penetrat ing the famous . Queant-Drocourt switch line, w hich formed-the northern continuation of the old Hindenhnrir line after the British last vear beat the. Germans back from Arras. This line has been approached in several daces and has been reached in at least one place in the neighborhood of the Sen- see river. Have Far Reaching Effects The success of this drive here and the breaking through of the old Ger man defense system may have far reaching effects. South of the Scarpe the Canadians captured all of Pelleves after brisk street fighting. Their advanced patrols entered Remy and Haucourt. The British are well east of Fontaine, and the main body of the Germans has re tired from Hendecourt. Beat Down Enemy Resistance Heavy fighting is in progress from a point south of Lens southward across the Scarpe river to the Arras-Cambrai road. The British are beating down the German resistance with steadv blows. At least two new German divisions have just been identified in this fight ing. But while they are opposing the allies, and in most cases are battling hard, there have been some instances in which the enemy troops have shown themselves to be excessively nervous which is as it should be, considering the pounding they have had and are (Continued on Page Two,) o P E Republican A. P. Leased WlreJ WASHINGTON, Aug. 28. Plans of senate leaders for compromise legisla tion on national war time prohibition, proposed to become effective July 1, 1919, instead of January 1 next moved forward today with the holding of ad ditional conferences and the holding: of hearings by the agricultural com mittee. The program for the bill's considera tion was upset by the death of Senator James. Tomorrow it is proposed to bring the bill before the senate for continuous consideration until disnnsat Some senate leaders believe it may he passeu oetore adjournment, under the compromise plan, but others believe more time will be required. Possibility of the compromise negotiations Seing upset also made the bill's future uncertain. PUNS OF LEADERS FORCOHMISEON ROIITI 1 Negotiations Progressing Representatives of the "wet" and "dry" factions continued to make prog ress today in the negotiations for the proposed compromise. Senator Shep pard of Texas, prohibition leader spent the day in re-drafting the prohibition clause. Difficulties and negotiations prevented perfection of the clause 'be fore tomorrow. While the private conferences of leaders was in progress, vigorous pro test against the legislation, even as proposed by the compromise, was made before the senate agriculture commit tee at hearings on the prohibition pro vision. Representatives of the wine industry, distilling interests, national hotel keepers and others offered strong opposition to the bill which they said would cause great financial lossestand hardships. The wine interests espe cially are expected to make a fight in the senate for exclusion of the wine industry from operation of the law or a longer extension of time for prohibi tion to become effective. o SENATOR JAMES DEAD BALTIMORE. Aug. 28. The bodv of Senator Ollie M. James of Kentucky, who died here today was taken to Washington tonight. The senator's widow and his brother, Edgar H. James, who were at his bedside when he died, accompanied the remains. From Washington the body will be ' taken to Marion, Ky.