Newspaper Page Text
THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-NINTH YEAR 8 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 16, 1918 8 PAGES VOL. XXIX., NO. 116 AMERHCAMS ATTACK. GREAT; METZ FORTRESS LONDON, Sept. 15. It is understood the government has received the Austro-Hungarian peace note and also the proposal, previously referred to, that all the powers should withdraw their troops from the Munnan territory. J t is also learned that Germany has made a peace offer to Belgium. The terms of this proposal are as follows : That Belgium shall remain neutral until the end of the war. That thereafter the entire economic and political independence of Belgium shall be reconstituted. That the pre-war commercial treaties between Germany and .Belgium shall again be put into operation after the war for an indefinite period. That Belgium shall use her good off ices to secure the return of the German colonies. . That the Flemish question shall be considered and the Flemish minority, which aided the German invaders, shall not be penalized. The proposal contains no word respecting reparation or in demnities, no admission that Germany wronged Belgium. , " I GERMANY PEACEFEELEH FINDS II SPEECH F nterauces of President Wil- at Baltimore Last son Ap pin lioitcrateu. o une Doubts Ivcply of Allies I Rf ouhllcan A. P. Leased Wlrel WASHINGTON, Sept. 15. Ger many's latest peace feeler ad vanced through Austria, it was of ficially stated today, best finds its answer in President Wilson's Bal timore speech, delivered last April. "Force, force to the utmost, force without stmt or limit, the right eous and triumphant force which shall make right the law of tha world, and cast every selfish do minion down in the dust." That was the president'a answer then, and it was reiterated today, it s his answer now. No one doubts that it is tha answer of all the allies. Lonq Heralded "Peace Offensive" hilo Aiinlria's proposal, reported h t mcl.t from Amsterdam, had not ir.irhr-,1 Washington in official form liniKlit. It is expected hourly through s.-ine nf utiiil possibly Sweden and in it N i H'oni7.rci the long heralded I'nier iflMsive upon which Germany i rotinting to arouse enough sentiment l"i I lip pe.iee among (he rople of the ilie.l countries to compel nn end of tlio ;ir on term which substantially Ni.iiiil preserve the Prussian conquest. The nllieii leaders rccogmze it as an effort liy Germany to obtain the best tenm I'ltsHiMe. No Round Table Conferences There will he no round table confer ence, no sundlng out proecsss such as il' rmany proposes, and which she l.i.pes will give opportunity probably H oral with her enemies separately. If any reply at all is made, it will be after an exchange of views be Iwren thn United States and other c -belligerents so that a reply for all mnv bo made in one. On every side, mum American officials and allied bploniats. it seems agreed that the "iilv ground on which Germany may I ave a conference is the accepeance .f the principles laid down by Presi dent Wilson and which have teen ac cepted by all the allies as their watch wind. Proposal Not Unexpected American officials have been noting fur some, time the various steps that have led up to the proposition for a inert1 nit at some neutral point of dele vatcs Irom all the belligerent countries lo enter Into 'non binding discussions' with a view to bringing about Peace. From German and Austrian officials rf Inch rank, from the German em peror himself, down to the vice chan cellor of Germany within the last fortnight have come public utterances, Entering widely In their tone and scope, but by singular coincidence, each and all containing in some place a declaration of willingness to ex tend the hand of peace. They were tr.ipletl with denials of responsibility tor the further continuance of hostili ty s. j;ron Rurian, the Austrian for- icn minister, advanced the movement toward the peace offensive further tli.m my other speaker in his recent iwldrrsii to visiting German Journal ists, and the Ideas he then broached are now recognized here as the founda tion upon which has been built the proposition which Vienna Is presenting lo the world at arms in a formal way. Government's Mind Made Up The Washington government already has made up its mind and formed its '" it opinion regarding Baron Burian's ?lan and it can be stated that even In the formal shape In which it is now presented. It Is quite as objectionable (Continued on Page Two) SILElrtlUTKELY USEDBYHUWU-BOAT IN ATTACK ON Si Republican A. P. Leased Wire AX ATLANTIC PORT, Sept. Mieiled by a German sillimagne In a oc this morning eighty miles off the American coast, a British passenger learner escaped by altering her course mil biitdlstancing the U-boat. Five shots were tired by the subma rine at the ship, which Is In the trans port sen-Ice and was bringing homo H inunnd Canadian officers. None of he shells struck the vessel. No Detonation Heard Pasi-ergers of the steamship declared upon arrival here tonight that they be.ird no detonation before the shells fired from the submarine exploded near them In the sea. They asserted ihey saw "flares" of the gun and that the submai-iitc'appeai-ed to be not more than a half mile away. This gave rise lo the opinion that the raider was us ing a silent" gun. British officers on the steamer saij the firing might have come from u !eck mortar, a new weapon which dis charges shells without report. ANSWER IMBffl MAKES PEACE PROPOSALS MADE BY AUSTRIA Shot In Brain Fails To Kill; May Cure Man Republican A. P. Leased Wire DENVER, Sept. 15. A bullet, firad by Moritz Bernstein, of this city, into his head, shortly before noon today, has not only failed to carry out his suicidal intent, ac cording to physicians at the county hospital, but has brought about a condition which promises to cure him of a malady of long standing and has effected in an instant the same ends which would have been accomplished by an operation Bernstein has been dreading and the) fear of which was probably partly responsible for his attempt to take his life. Bernstein, who owns a chain of stores in Walsenburg, Trinidad and other southern Colorado towns, has long been a sufferer from a growth in the forepart of his head, mid way between the temples. In his efforts to commit suicide he in flicted a slight wound on his daughter, Eva, aged 22, who strug gled with him for possession of his weapon after tha first, shot fired by him attracted her to his room. -o- Repuolican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Friday, Sept. 13. The British steamer Galway Castle, of 7,985 tons gross, was torpedoed and Bunk this morning. She had 960 persons on board, of whom 179 are reported miss ing. The Galway Castle left port for South Africa on Tuesday last and was torpedoed on Thursday in a stormy sea. Hundreds of the passengers were rescued by attending steamers, but 20 first class, 10 second class and 90 third class passengers are missing, in addi tion to 34 of the. crew, a total of 164. Nearly Two Hundred Missing, The missing from the torpedoed Gal way Castle number 189. They include 120 pasaengers, 36 naval and military officers and men and 33 of the crew- Nine third class passengers lost were without exception women and children. The liner floated for two days in charge of the captain and volunteers The passengers Included 300 women and children. The bodies of three of the children, who had died, were brought ashore. The captain and sev eral of .the officers are reported to have been still on board the ship when she was last seen and sinking. Closer scrutiny of the Galway Castle passenger list indicated that she had on board only 749, instead of 960, as announced earlier. The majority were women and children, but many were discharged soldiers returning to their homes. The boats were picked up by escorting- vessels and by destroyers sent to the snot. -The Central news account of the sinking says that one of the life boats was driven by a Btormy sea against the ship's propeller and smashed. One of the steamer's pass engers. the account adds, was HeTiry Burton, minister of railways of the Union of South Africa, who was savfd snrt another was Major Rabuntine, member of the South African parlia ment, who Is missing. THIS MAGAZINE IS FAVORED BY ALIENS Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK. Sept. 15. Deputy At torney General Alfred L. Becker, who has played a prominent part in bringing to light German plots and propaganda issued a statement tonight in which he sought to justify the exclusion from the mails of the weekly magazine The Na tion, published in this city. Interrogation of German enemy aliens Interned at Fort Oglethorpe, had dis closed, he declared, that The Nation is one of the two American periodicals most popular with them. FINANCINGOF WAR OCCUPIES CONGRESS Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Sept. 15. Measures for the financing of the war will occupy the attention of congress this week. In the house the war revenue bill will be takentup tomorrow for discussion of amendments under the five minute de bate rule with a view to a final vote before Saturday, while the senate when It reconvenes Tuesday will begin con sideration of the administration liberty bond measures, designed to stimulate sales of bonds of the fourth issue which will be placed on sale September 28. o DOES NOT BELIEVE IT ROME, Sept. 13. The Vatican docs not believe that the former Russian empress is dead, for it Is considered probable it would have been informed if there was confirmation of the re port. After the execution of former Emperor Nicholas, the Vatican ap pealed to the German and Austrian governments to save his wife and daughters. WOMEN iND CHILDREN Wm LB SUHK sy ill mm Invites All Belligerent Gov ernments to Enter Into Non-Binding Contract for Interchange of VicAvs AMSTERDAM, Sept. 13. (By The Associated Press) In extending an in vitation to all the belligerent govern ments to enter into non-binding con tract the Austro-Hungarian govern ment stated that the object of the con ference would be to secure an exchange of views which would show "whether those prerequisites exist which would make the speedy inauguration of peace negotiations appear promising." The Austrian proposal, which is an nounced in an official communication telegraphed here from Vienna, sug gests that there be no interruption of the war. and that the "discussions would go only so far as considered bv the participants to offer prospects of success." Send Delegates to Neutral Country The proposal calls for all the belli gerents to send delegates for a "con'W dential and unbinding discussion on the basic principles for the conclusion of peace, in a place in a neutral coun try and at a near date that would yet have to be agreed upon." The proposal says the conference would be one of "delegates who would be charged to make known to one an other the conception of their govern ments regarding those principles and to receive analogous communications, as well as to require and give frank ana canairt explanations on all those points which need to be precisely de fined. The government announces that a note embodying its suggestions had been addressed to the various belllecr ent powers and that, the Holy See had been apprised of the proposal in a spe cial note. The governments of the neu tral states also had been made ac quainted with the nroposal. Text of the Communication ine text oi tne oinciai communica tion reads: An objective and "conscientious ex amination of the situation of all the belligerent states no longer leaves doubt that all peoples, on whatever side they may be fighting, long for a speedy end to the bloody struggle. De spite this natural and comprehensive desire for peace, it has not so far been possible to create those preliminary conditions calculated to bring the peace efforts nearer to realization and bridge the gap which at present Ktill separates the belligerents from one another. "A more effective means must there ore be considered whereby the respon sible factors of all the countries can be offered an opportunity to tnveati gate the present possibilities of an un dertaking. "The first step which Austria-Hun gary, In accord with her allies, under took on December 12. 1910. for the bringing about of peace did not lead to the end hoped for. Ground Not Properly Prepared "The grounds for this lav assuredly in. the situation at that time. In order to maintain in their peoples the war spirit, which was steadily declining the allied governments had by the most severe means suppressed even any dis cussion of the peace idea. And so i came aDout mat the ground for a peaer understanding was not properly pre pared. The natural transition from th. wildest war agitation to a condition of conciliation was lacking. "It would, however, be wrong to be lieve that the peace step we then took was entirely without results. Its fruits consist of something which is not to be overlooked that the peace question has not since vanished from the order of the day. The discussions which hav been carried on before the tribunal of public opinion have disclosed proof ol the not slight differences which today still separate the warring powers in their conception of neace conditions "Nevertheless an atmosphere has been created which no longer excludes the discussion of the peace problem Desire For Peace Spreading "Without optimism it at least assur edly may be deduced from the utter ances of responsible statesmen that the desire to reach an understanding and not to decide the war exclusively by force of arms is also gradually begin ning to penetrate into allied states. (Continued on Page Two) o Republican A. P. -eased wtrej BUTTE, Mont. .Sept. 15. Leo Daly, business manager of the Butte Bul letin, charged in a warrant issued at Helena with sedition upon complaint of the Montana state council of de fense, was arrested here today and W. F. Dunn, chief editorial writer for the same newspaper, was arrested here last night. Both were taken to Helena Officers are searching for Bruce Smith, managing editor of the Bulletin, want ed on the same charge. Editorials printed in the Bulletin recently questioned authority of the state council and held it up to ridicule. The men were released on bonds of $1000 each here Saturday following their arrest on sedition charges based on alleged pro-I. W. W. sympathies of the Bulletinand alleged printing of 1. W. W. posters calling for a strike of the miners in the Butte district. Troops and local officers today ar rested 40 alleged I. W. W.s and draft evaders. ARREST NEWSPAPER IN FOR SEDITION PEACE allies regard pejceik teutonigruse Formal Plea of Emperor Charles Expected Since Germans Began to Stag ger Back Before Allies (By the Associated Press) i Overshadowing In interest even Mar shal Foch's hammer blows against the harried Germans, is the Teutonic bid for peace made through the imperial government of Austria-Hungary. The formal plea of Emperor Charles o the belligerents for a confidential and non-binding discussion on the ba sic principles for the conclusion of peace comes as the rust sensational move in the peace offensive which has been expected since German arms began to stagger back from the fierce thrusts of the British, French and Americans. Austrians Weary of War Washington and the allied capitals hailed the call for a conference on neu tral soil as another German ruse to get better terms than they might expect when the war has been carried to the Rhine. They were convinced that Austria, whose people leng have been war weary, had been called upon to bear the onus of making peace over tures and thus save the face of Ger many. Not only in Washington but in Lon don and Paris pacifists found cold com fort. None of the governments in volved was Inclined to take seriously the request that delegates be sent to such a conference as that proposed by the Austrian niler. It was pointed out that the United States and entente al- ies have made their peace aims so cleat- there can be no mistaking them. Unmasks Russian Intrigue The assertion that "the central pow ers leave it in no doubt that they are waging a war of defense for the integ rity and security of their territories," was greeted with added skepticism in the face of the Washington disclosures unmasking completely the intrigue which has wrecked Russia. Publication of the documents proving beyond all question that Germany had waited only tor a plausible pretext to plunge the world into war. cast a sinister shadow- over the benevolent protestations of Emperor William's closest ally. Troops Utterly Demoralized I It was accompanied also by the an nouncement that a German submarine had sunk the British steamship Galway Castle, w ith the loss of 189 lives. Nine ty of those perishing were women and children. At the same time U-boats renewed their attacks upon shipping on this side of the Atlantic, shelling only 80 miles off the coast, a transport carrying Canadian sick and wounded. Grim meaning was given the over tures by the announcement from Paris that Austrian troops which tried to block the way of the Americans were utterly demoralized and surrendered to a man. While the peace kite was in flight, British, French and American troops continue their relentless pressure against the Germans. Pershing's men advanced from two to three miles on a 33 mile front. Haig's forces advanced northwest of St Quentin while French forces made progress south of the same city. Mangin's army simultaneously struck a new blow at the German sal ient north of Soissons. Whenever the allied troops attacked, the German lines moved back. Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, Sept. 15 Newton D. Baker, the American secretary of war, re turned tonight from the American battle front, where he spent the last two days with the American troops, accompanying them as they marched into St. Mihiel. As the big army automobile stopped in front of General, Pershing's Paris home tonight the secretary alighted covered with mud from head to foot' He carried his gas mask in one hand and his steel. helmet in the other. Sec retary Baker made only a brief stay in Paris tonight leaving on the night Lram lor an ausence or several davn U't.11. 1 ' ; -,i . "line ui" omicu wun wnat he had seen. Secretary Baker refrained from commenting on the American victory at this time, except in a formal statement, which follows: "General Pershing's announcement will cover the military situation. The people of the United States will be overjoyed that their army, in close co operation with the allies has been able to achieve this striking success. A particularly happy circumstance is that the victory delivers from the in vader territory which had been occu pied for four years and restored it to France and her people who had been captive during the long period. The rejoicing of the civil popula tion at St. Mihiel knows no bounds and already, mixed with the war ma terial which crowds the roads, are refugees returning to their homes. "The action and all of the circum stances arc brilliant and justify the hope of a great nation whose armies are engaged." SECRETARY BAK IS HIGHLY PLEASED OFF VICTORIOUS ARMY ADVANCES LINES NEARLY 3 MILES Official Statements AMERICAN Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Sept. 15. In wiping out the St. Mihiel salient in 27 hours. American troops support ed by French divisions, captured 15,000 prisoners, more than 200 guns of all calibres, hundreds of machine guns and trench mortars. This was disclosed by General Pershing's communiques for yester day and today, received tonight at the war department The enemy was pressed so hard General Pershing said, that the enemy was forced to abandon great quantities of ammunition, telegraph and railroad materials, rolling stock, clothing and equipment. In addition he burned large stores. That the Americans still are pressing on at least a part of the sector was shown by the communi que for today, which said that on the left bank of the Moselle the American lines had been extended to from one to two miles, during which operation 72 guns were brought in. The enemy reacted near St. Hi laire, but his counter attack easily was repulsed and prisoners taken, the American commander reported. General Pershing's announcement that the Americans advancing on the two sides of the St. Mihiel sal ient had been able to form a junc ture in 27 hours after they went over the top occasioned no surprise among army officers here. Despite references in press dispatches to two days of fighting, these officers lelt confident that the Americans had attained the immediate objec tives of their first independent of fensive in about 24 hours. BRITISH Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Sept. 15. The British have captured Maissemy, northwest of St, Quention, together with tha trench system to the southeast and east of that place. Field Marshal Haig makes his announcement in his night report. Powerful air attacks are being continued around Metz according to the statement issued by the air ministry tonight The stations and tracks at MeU-Sablons and Cour celles have been attacked, as well as various enemy concentration points. FRENCH Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, Sept. 15. "South of the Oise," says the war office an nouncement tonight, "we main tained our positions against violent counter attacks. We captured the plateau east of Vauxaillon and the crest northeast of Celles-Sur-Alsne. The prisoners taken by us since yesterday morning exceed 3,500." MARINE OFFICER IS GIVEN HIGH HONORS republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Sept. 15. Lieuten ant Edmund M. Chamberlain of the marine corps who, while operating with the British air forces recently shot down five enemy planes, forced sixth to descend, rescued a French colonial and captured a German pris oner, has been recommended for captaincy and a medal of honor, the 1 navy department disclosed tonight announcing marine corps headquarters had received the report made by the lieutenant to the British authorities, Lieutenant Chamberlain's home Is San Antonio, Texas. 0 ' CREEL STATES VIEWS fRepubllcan A. P. Leased Wire CHICAGO. Sept. 15. George Creel chairman of the committee on public information, before departing for New York, today characterized the Austro Hungarian peace feeler as merely an other Hohenzollern-Hapsburg bid for a rest period and an effort to weaken the will of the American people for crashing victory by the weight of arms. SENDS CONGRATULATIONS, Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Sept. 15. Pre mier I.lovd George, on behalf of the British war cabinet, has sent a cable gram to Professor Thomas G. Masary nresident ot tne t;zecno-iovaK ra tional council, congratulating him on the work being done by the Czecho Slovak forces in Siberia gainst the Germans and Austrians. ) o MILLIONS FOR RELIEF WASHINGTON. Sept. 15. More than J2.000.000 for relief work . in Switzerland has been appropriated by the American Red Cross. This was disclosed today in the third installment of the report to the American people concerning the use. being made o the Red Cross war fund. . o DIES IN PENITENTIARY ATLANTA, Ga., Sept 15 Carl Buenz, 75. formerly managing director of the Hamburg-American steamship line in New York, and at one time Gorman minister to Mexico, died here today at the federal penitentiary where he was serving a sentence for conspiracy against the United Slates government. TO BELGIU Jindered Only Slightly, Gen eral Pershing's Men Con solidate Lines Facing Re cently Strengthened Line Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Sept. 15. (6:23 p. m.) General Pershing's army, according to this afternoon's news. Is making fine progress. Since yesterday afternoon It has advanced from two to three miles on a thirty-three mile front and the fortress guns of Metz have come into action against it. "The enemy appears to be withdrawi ng to some further line which will protect the railway communications In the vicinity of Metz, which at-present are under the long range fire- of the Americans. American patrols are ad- ancing at various points a couple, of miles beyond the general advances. The American line at noon today w as through Norroy, on the Moselle, Haa mont Doncourt and to Abaucourt, on the old line. . Enemy Loses Ground Yesterday's advance by the French seems to nave been in the nature of several local pushes and not a big gen eral forward move. The situation Is much the same as it was yesterday. The enemy has been reacting very vio lently on the French front. He made several counter attacks although he has not recovered any of his lost ground he is holding up the French somewhat. The British today are reported to have captured the village of Maissemy northwest of St. Quentin. T A I. 1 J. It has been discovered that there were six German divisions operating in me st. Aiiniei salient, mat wouin give a total strength of sixty thousand men, or a rifle strength of 36,000. The Ger mans had broken up for them two more divisions in this action, thus re ducing their strength in the west to 191 divisions! plus four Austrian divisions and some dismounted cavalry. More Territory Brought In WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON THE LORRAINE FRONT, Sept. 15, 8 p. m. (By The Associated Press) Hindered only slightly by the Oermm artillery and machine guns, Geneial Pershing's army today continued the consolidation of their lines facing the recently strengthened Hindenburg defenses. Additional territory was brought in as the long line was straiglftened, the American troops on the extreme right swinging along the Moselle river for the greatest gains. It was hot a day of battle for mor? ground, however, so much as for the establishment of a more definite front. Notwithstanding the evidence that much time has been spent m Improving the old Hindenburg line. It would not surprise military critics here, if it were yielded without a great struggle, the Germans preferring to sacrifice even their old position to the obvious deter mination of the Americans to advance beyond the line. Fires were observed in Dommartin la Chaussee today. In almost every caB? where evacuation has been planned, the Grmans have carried out, a syste matic destruction of certain parts of their stores and with them wooden buildings and barracks. Two Hundred Guns Captured Vilcey-Sur-Trey and Norroy. near the Moselle, were included In the ter ritory regained by the Americans when the line stretching from the Hinden burg positions was swung slightly up ward on the extreme right. The exten sion of the line runs north of Jaulny and added 72 guns to the captured ord nance, bringing the total to mors than 200. The only Initiative of the enemy was a counter attack early in the day at St Hilaire. The assault was repulsed and a number of prisoners taken. The artillery on both sides has been reach ing over the lines today but the long range guns of the . Americans and French pounded the back areas of the enemy the more steadily. o E OF Republican A. P. Leased Wire DENVER, Sept.- 15.--Although the Denver ipolice devoted virtually its every effort on Sunday to the- appre hension of the remaining members of the group of alleged train-robbers who terrorized the Colorado Springs and Denver district on Friday and Satur day and who, in resisting ai-ient killel two officers, critically injured two others, Sunday's quest was futile. Up to early evening members of the state constabulary who, under their chief, Frank Adams, had spent the day watching all roads in the eastern part of the state, had nothing to report. Denver police officials cling to the theory that the other members of the gang are still In hiding in the Denver district. TAFT TO TALK Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK, Sept. 15. William H. Taft president of the league to en force peace, has been invited to deliver the principal address at the first meet ing of the League of Free Nations as sociations to be held in London Oc tober 10. it was announced here to night The League of Free Nations recently was formed in Great Britain, ARRESTS BANDITS M NO ATTACK ON Clin MADE IT VILLA Bandit Leader Fails to Carry Out His Threat to Lay Siege On Eve of Mexican Independence Dav Republican A. P. Leased Wire JUAREZ, Mexico. SeDt. 15. On ths eve of the Mexican national indepet1- aence aay celebration. September ltsth and the second anniversary of Fran cisco Villa's attack on Chihuahua Citv. reports from Ujinaga. Chihuahua City and other cities in the state of Chi huahua, indicated they were quiet :o night. In the state capital. Governor Gen eral Ignacio Enriquez has taken very possible precaution to prevent a rep etition of the Villa attack of September 15, 1916. Gun emplacements have been dug and heavy puns mounted on Sant i Rosa Hill, machine gun nests dug into the side of the hill covering the ap proaches from the west and a barbed wire entanglement protecting an elab orate system of concrete lined en trenchments have been constructed uy the federal sappers. Barbed wire entanglements have ,-iIst been built entirely around the ritv ,mh1 adobe breastworks thrown up in the streets. Say Alarm Has Subsided American refugees from fi,ii,,i,., City, who arrived here today said tlm alarm in the capital had subsided and ..i was expected to attack Parral or Santa Rosalia tonight rather than chi huahua City ns the capital citv is too well defended for his comparatively small force. A ilia and his main rnmm.n Martin Lopez, as his chief of staff, was udiaiaiiao. i o miles southwest of v-miiuaiiua uity Wednesday Ao command Was assembled at Cnsil,i,i riachic last week and as Gavalando is on the road to Parral. this would indi cate that Villa was marching toward me mountain mining town which is a Villa hotbed. . Not Fearful of Attack One threat credited to Villa was that he intended taking Chihuahua Ciiv Juarez and Ojinaga tonight but, as lia nas only roving bands near the border at present, military authorities here are not fearful of a border attack at this time. They say, however, that A'il la has tried for three years to capture an important town on the eve of the independence day celebration and ad mit that Parral may be his present ob jective as Geneial Ernesto Garcia, the Parral garrison commander, was re cently defeated by Villa with heavy losses. The capture of Chihuahua Citv 'no years ago tonight was one of Villa's most sensational coups. He sent his men into the city disguised as federals and they caused such a confusion among tne artillery commands guard ing the entrance to the city. Villa and his men succeeded in entering and looting the capital after which he re tired to the Guerrero mountains where he buried his loot. It was later dug up by General Pershing's expeditionary troops. o LONDON NEWSPAPERS SCORN PEACE NOTE Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Sept. 16. With the ex ception of the pacifist Daily News, which advocates acceptance of Aus tria's invitation, the London morning papers scornfully reject the note as a trick instigated by Germany to gain time to reorganize her shaken armies, while the offer to Belgium is de nounced as a cynical insult. The Ger man press comment thus far received in London Indicates surprise at the ac tion of Austria In sending the note. WOMEN IN GERMAN ARMY BRITISH HEADQUARTERS IN FRANCE, Sept. 15. (Reuter's) Striking evidence of the shortage of enemy man power is given by prison ers. They assert that men, women and boys who had been graded for national service at home are being brought to the back areas to replace troops along the lines of communica tion. They assert that there are al ready some 15,000 women in the fourth Gefman army zone alone. It is re ported that boys of IT are being as sebied in the region of Sedan for aux iliary service. o CUSTOMS COLLECTOR DEAD Republican A. P. Leased Wire EL PASO, Tex., Sept. 15. Francisco Acosta, newly appointed customs col lector at Agua Prieta, Mexico, oppo site Douglas, Ariz., died here today while en route from Mexico City to take charge of his new post Heart failure caused the death. LLOYD GEORGE IMPROVES LONDON, Sept. 15. Premier Lloyd George, who suffered an attack of in fluenza Thursday night after an ad dress at Manchester, spent a good night and his condition today was de clared to be satisfactory. IN CRITICAL CONDITION NEW YORK. Sept. 15. Cardinal Farley is in a very critical condition tonight according to physicians who have been attending him at Oriental Point, his summer home, since be wns stricken with pneumonia a monJ.h ago.