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THE' ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-NINTH YEAR Foe iru EFFORT 10 SAVE Opinions Cluster Around Hun Willingness to With draw Soldiery From Oc cupied Territory. R-publican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Oct. 6. Germany's t-'w. t peare offer proposing an arm-ist).-r while President Wilson considers end conveys to the allies a proposal on the basis of terms laid down by the. I .resident himself had not reached Washington In official form tonight find there was. therefore, no authorized statement of how It was regarded oy the I'nited States. rialnlv. however. It was recognized us tlio next step In the continuing ef forts of the German statesmen to save smnethini; from the wreckage of their Crnni of world domination, the step w hii h mlcht he expected from a losing trader who makes his proposition, has It rejected and offers his next best. each time coming nearer to the de mania of the adversary; meanwhile emlravoring to hold out In the hope of getting the best terms he can. Must Be Real Acceptance Tt barrtlv Is taking a position in ad vance of the American government to av that If the present proposition sig nifies (Jermany'g unqualified accept ance of the four principles of peaG lil.l down by President Wilson In his l'ourth of Julv speech at the tomb of V a'hincton. It w ill be considered. If It dws not. If acceptance "in principle with savin diplomatic language pay in? the way for quibbling around a cminc II tahlc. It will not be considered. These terms, accepted by all the al lies as their own. the president com pressed Into a single sentence: "A reign of law, based upon the con sent of the governed, and sustained by the organized opinion of mankind." They provided for the destruction, or reduction to virtual impotence, of any arbitral y power capahle of disturbing li e peat e of the world, the settlement r' every question on the basis of the Interest of the people concerned, and in fifect, a league of nations to enforce peace Withdraw Every Hun Soldier 1', in the offer of Frinre Maximilian the new imperial chancellor, Germany l willing to accent these terms, nnd "he n nminder of the world Is satisfied !hiit he speaks not alone, but with the military masters of Germany In a." ouiescem e. the next logical step would be the w ithdrawal of every German soldier from every foot of occupied territory. Prom that point the alll might begin to test the sincerity of r; rmanv's willlnKness to conform to the world pence preserving program. No one In Washington even as much as pives thought to any proposal that the victorious troops of Great Britain, Vrance, Italy and the United States should bait In an armistice while "discussion" Is conducted, but there might be an armistice of the same na ture as was given to Bulgaria an armistice of unconditional surrender. Time to Hit Hardeit When Auntria proposed a peace ne cntuUion, the official view was summed up this wav: "Austria Is breaking; that Is the time' to hit her hardest, not the time to talk peace. There la nothing to Indicate that the view has been changed. No one here doubts that sooner or later Germany Is going to make a peace offer that may oe worth considering. Nona of the al lies wishes to assume the responsibility of prolonging the war a day longer than la necessary to insure the future peace of the world. Therefore, It 1 reaJIzed that offers of peace are not to be rejected before they are examined rrinc Maximilian's offer, with thoie said to be coming simultaneously from Austria and Turkey, will go under the ame acid test which has been applied to all the others. If It fails to stand the test it will go the way of all other. Germany herself Is participating formally now for the first time In an oren and direct proposal of peace. The move is believed to mark the be glnnlrg of the last pha.se of the ef fort to substitute diplomatio discus slon fnr military operations, before the Allied and American armies cross tbe Rhine and give German soil taste of what has happened to Bel glum and northern France. Appar entlv no one here Is ready to con rlude that the kaiser's government (Continued on page Two) Real Character Shown by Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Oct . As an indi cation of the real character and purr-oars of I"rince Maximilian of Baden, row railed to the front as Germany's pokesman for peace, the committee on public information tonight made pub I'C a translation of a speech delivered by the prince liefnre the upper cham t 'f ltadcn on August 22. "The war," the prince aid, "has dug down deep and brought out treasures -f pjchic force within our people which many a doubter before the war would have deemed possible only to a huolc past. Hut In the course of every savrrc and long war there always have been moral epidemics. It would be bold to believe that any warring nation could remain untouched from such influence. m i FROM WRECKAGE 8 PAGES Bruges Diver Base Fired by Fleeing Huns AMSTERDAM, Oct. 6 (Saturday). By the Associated Press). Some wharves and docks at Bruges have been set afire by the Germans, accord ing to the frontier correspondent of the Telegraph. The Germans have re moved their guns and coast defense materials from Knocke, and have de stroyed the sheds, he says. The correspondent states that the warehouses at Ghent and the docks whore large quantities of provisions for army have been stored, are com plctely cleared. Their contents have been sent to Germany. o -SELLS S TO Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. Oct. . From door to door, William G. McAdoo trudged n the rain today aelllne Uhertv bonds. It was not the secretary of the treasury, but Mr. McAdoo, citi zen, member of a canvassing team, who gathered a pocket full of signed pieage cards Trom Washington rest uema, including president Wilson, a negro maid, an Armenian grocer, a score or women war workers, a Jani lor ana a millionaire or two. In a middle class neighborhood to which his team was assigned, Mr. McAdoo got the most subscriptions and those which made him comment when his worK was done: Gets Nearly Two Million "It's a cinch to raise billions when folks come across like that." Late In the day, after an hour and half of tramping about. Mr. Mc Adoo and his working partners count ed up the total. They had a little less than 1,800,000 in pledges. A round million had come from Bernard Baruch, chairman of the war indus tries board, Into whose house Mr. Mc Adoo dropped on his way home. One pledee for $20,000 bore the signature ot woonrow Wilson,, payable on a ten months' installment plan. Most of the balance was in $50 and J100 amounts, subscribed by householders w ho on answering their door bells dis played amazement to find a tall man whom they recognized as the secre tary of the treasury. Marietta Thompson, a negro maid at the home for war workers, had subscribed but agreed to buy another do bona ir Mr. McAdoo wrould take the 15 initial payment in "small change." He went away with a pocket full of quarters, dimes and nickels. President Takes $20,000 Mora The sale to the president had not been arranged in advance. On leav ing his home, Mr. McAdoo directed the solicitors' car to go to the White House. He found the president pre paring for a drive with Mrs. Wilson, and although Mr. Wilson had sub scribed for J10.000, he agreed to buy $20,000 more, adding: "But I haven't any money just now. You'll have to take this on the Installment plan." Thereupon, the card was signed, with the designation that payment was to be made ten per cent In cash and ten per cent a month, arranged through a bank. Not satisfied with this single sub scription at the W:hite House, Mr. Mc Adoo turned to other members of the canvassing team and signed them up, He also got the pledge of a negro door man at the White House. Raymond Baker Hailed On 'he way to call on the president. Mr. McAdoo hailed Raymond T. Ba ker. director of the mint, out riding. and persuaded him to sign up. Later, In a rather lowly neighbor hood, the first man approached by the secretary was a white aproned grocer, swinging his legs from the top of a bread box. "This Is a Liberty loan selling team," said Mr. McAdoo. "We'd like to get your subscription for Liberty bonds. "I've already subscribed,' Raid the grocer In broken English, displaying his honor button. But Its a good cause and a big war. Can't you buy some more? "This is the secretary of the treas ury," Interjected another member of (Continued on Page Two) of Prince Baden Speech These dangers threaten us also, but they can be subdued If the intellectual leaders will remain conscious of their task, that they are namely, in Piatos words, the guardians and physicians of the souls of the nation. "The war la still going on. In Eng land, France and America the determi nation to destroy us Is becoming more shamefully apparent than ever. Their old long shattered illusions are again rising. But they shall be shattered again. It is not necessary for us to en courage ourselves to remain united. Every act, every speech of the hostile government call out to us: 'Close your ranks; the storm which is threatening our national life is severe and will last long. Who doubts that we will vic toriously w Ithstand ltr r MIO TRIG ESN 1 BOD HOUSE HOUSE PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 7, 1918. Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, Oct. 6. Unconditional sur render characterizes the general com ment in Paris on the demand for peace sent by the Central powers to President Wilson. It Is felt here that Germany and her allies have not gone far enough In their request to the president for an armistice, and that although they have stated that they are willing to talk peace on President Wilson's plans, they have not shown submission, such as was forced upon Bulgaria. Following are some of the editorial comments: I Figaro: "Germany wishes to stop the" war at the moment she is going to be beaten, and knows it. Let us sup pose the proposition is accepted. Im mediately in Germany there will be a delirium of Joy. The people are elec trified and the kaiser has retaken them into his hands. He becomes the hero of heroes." L'Homme Libre: "We are on the road to victory. We will not let them stop us. An armistice is not possi ble. We want reparation for the past and guarantees for the future. Germany is in despair. She begins to feel the anguish of her defeat" Le Journal: "There fa no discus sion between conqueror and con quered." Other Paris newspapers are unani mous in their demands for complete victory. Puts Little Stock in It LONDON, Oct. 7 The Morning Post, commenting on Prince Maximilian's peace proposal to President Wilson, takes the view that the German offer in nowise differs from the Austrian of fer; that the new chancellor is as rmich the kaiser's nominee as was his prede cessor, and that he will be incontinent ly dismissed when he has served his master's turn. The paper adds: "The German government is not al tered. The peace note fails to fulfill the conditions postulated by President Wilson. The intention pf the note is to endeavor to create a division among the allies and attract the attention of the pacifists in the allied countries. No proposal directed to one among the al lies can be entertained. "Peace is Not Far Off' Times Kansas City Times: "The allies have no Interest In this sort of a bar gain peace. The only peace that will concern them is a peace with a Get many that has learned by bitter ex perience that in the modern world wars of conquest are disastrous and that the way of the transgressor is hard." New York Herald: "The hit dog yelps. From Berlin and Vienna come simultaneous peace wails, with the exhausted Turk echoing a feeble 'Me too.' It is the same old trap. There will be no armistice. We have Just begun to fight. New York Tribune: "We have laid down one condition of war one only and that is to use force, 'force to the utmost, force without stint or limit," until we shall have destroyed forever In this world the indecent, in tolerable, criminal thing that now holds out Its dripping hands. Tell your people that. Prince Maximilian of Baden." Shreveport, La.. Times: "The world has learned to beware- the Huns, bearing false peace offers." Los Angeles TlmeB: "On its face the note of the German chancellor is a plain acceptance of the peace terms of President Wilson. It doubly ac cepts them, specifying two expres sions of the president's ideas. Prince Maximilian's speech to the relchs- tag further conforms to the presi dent's ultimatum in its reference to relations with Russia and" Belgium Germany has practically surrendered Peace Is not far off. Republican A. P. Leased Wire -Tooeka Daily Capital: "An armls tice and peace parley canot be granted at this time. Cleveland Plalndealer: "Germany can have the peace that has come to Bulgaria. She can have utter sur render." Baltimore Sun: "There can be no safe peace but a dictated peace written with the sword. Philadelphia Press: "Only an armls tlce based upon unconditional surren der sohuld be considered." Toledo Times: "Peace, yes, but only that kind of peace dictated by the allies." St. Louis Globe-Democrat: "It Is useless for the central powers to talk peace when their talons clutch the lands which they have grasped and while they hold the people of the countries they have overrun in en slavement." Redouble Efforts; Answer Chicago Tribune: "There is but one answer to such offers of parley as have been made or are predicted. That answer is our redoubled efforts against the enemy. We can rely upon that answer from our fighting men and we at home must back them up with a singleness of purpose matching theirs, be the answer of the victorious arnv." Let the answer of the American people Omaha Bee" quotes the president's Liberty loan speech and adds: "Un less Mr. Wilson is ready now to unsay these words, we must go on, following his declaration made in Baltimore. 'Force to the uttermost' will tell them he will not be ready to talk peace w hile a foot of conquered ground is occupied nor until he can talk to a responsible government. If the American govern ment remains steadfast and sincere in (Continued on Page Two) To ONLY PEACE TERMS WED BY ALL ES 0 TO A 01 On MS VERBATIM TEXT OF MAXIMILIAN'S SPEECH IS GIVEN "(By the Associated Press. )' COPENHAGEN, Oct. 6. The text of the address of Prince Maximilian of Baden, the new imperial chancellor of Germany, outlining his policies to the reichstag yesterday, follows: "In accordance with the imperial decree of Sep . tember 30, the German empire has undergone a basic alteration of its political leadership. whose services in behalf of the fatherland deserve the highest acknowledgement, I have been summoned by the emperor to lead the new government. "In accordance with the governmental method now introduced, I submit to the reichstag, publicly and without delay, the principles upon which I pro pose to conduct the grave responsibilities of the office. "These principles were firmly established by the agreement of the federated governments and the lead ers of the niajority parties in this honorable house be fore I decided to assume the duties of chancellor. They contain, therefore, not only my own confession of political faith, but that of an overwhelming portion of the German people's representatives that is, of the German nation which has constituted the reichstag on the basis of a general, equal and secret franchise and according to their will. Only the fact that I know the conviction and will of the majority of the people are ' back of me has given me strength to take upon myself - conduct of the empire's affairs in this hard and earnest time in which we are living.. Based On the People's Rule. "One man's shoulder would be too weak to carry along the tremendous responsibility which falls upon the government at present. Only if the people take active part in the broadest sense of the word, in de ciding their destinies; in other words, if responsibility also tends to the majority of their freely selected polit ical leaders, can the leading statesman confidently as sume his part of the responsibility in the service of folk and fatherland. "My resolve to do this has been especially light ened for me by the fact that prominent leaders of the laboring class have found, a way in the new govern ment to the highest offices of the empire. I see therein a sure guarantee that the new government will be sup ported by the firm confidence of the broad masses of the people, without whose true support the whole un dertaking would be condemned to failure in advance. Hence, what I say today, I say not only in my own name and those of my official helpers, but in the name of the German people. "The program of the majority parties, upon which I take my stand, contains, first, an acceptance of the answer of the former imperial government to Pope Benedict's note of August 1, 1916, and and un conditional acceptance of the reichstag resolution of July 19, the same year. It further declares willing ness to join a general league of nations based on the foundation of equal rights for all, both strong and weak. (Continued On Page Two) E Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS. Oct. All eyes in France today turned towards America to Washington and Wilson.- "What will President Wilson's reply be?" People ask and wonder, now that they know that the central empires, particularly Germany, are seeking the cessation of ' hostilities and peace through the president of the United Etatee. The feeling is general that the cen tral empires, bent upon the greatest gamble of all times, have attempted to bring about by one stroke the ter mination of their losing game, by try ing to seek the good offices of Presi dent Wilson as intermediary. Paris went to church today as never before since the opening of hostilities. In the dark days when the Germans occupied Chateau Thierry, when their bridgehead, south of the Marne, was like a leveled pistol at France's heart, Paris remained indoors. But today Paris sauntered out early and the churches of all denominations were filled to overflowing. As Paris emerged from the churches. it overflowed upon cheerful boulevards or sought temporary abode in cafes bathed in sunshine and everywhere one heard no longer the familiar and hopeful cry of "We shall get them,' but the satisfied and contented ex clamation: "We have got them." EYES OF FRE PRESIDEIUT WILSON FElli SETS A NOTABLE EXAMPLE Republican A. P. Leased Wire BASEL, Switzerland. Oct. $. King Ferdinand In abdicating the Bulgarian throne, according to a dispatch from Sofia, issued the following manifesto: "By reason of a succession of :ir cumstances which have occurred in n; kingdom and which demand from each citizen such sacrifice, even to the sur rendering of one's self for the well be Ing of all, I desire to give as the first example the sacrifice of myself. "Despite the sacred ties which for Z. years have bound me so firmly to this country, for whose prosperity and greatness I have given all my powers, I have decided to renounce the royal Bulgarian ctown In favor of my eldest son, his highness, the Prince Royal Boris of Tirnovo. "I call upon all faithful Subjects and true patriots to unite as one man about the throne of King Boris, to lift the country from its difficult situation end to, elevate new Bulgaria to the height to Which it is predestined. The new king will rule under th name of Boris HI. , Q - - BRITISH ADMIRALTY HERE WASHINGTON, Oct. . Sir trie Geddes, first lord of the British cd mlralty, and the members of the ad miralty board arrived tonight at an At lantic port and will come to Washing ton tomorrow to confer with govern ment officials. 8 PAGES PEA WILHELM TELLS ARMY THAT LIE AGAIN ASKS FOR PEACE; REQUESTS WILSON'S AID TO BRING ABOUT Official Statements AMERICAN Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Oct. 6. Gen eral Pershing reported tonight that the American attack west of the Meuse continued today and met with determined resistance by artillery and machine guns well entrenched. Strong enemy coun ter attacks were repulsed. BRITISH LONDON, Oct 6. British troops advancing in the region northeast " of St. Quentin have captured the towns of Montbrehain and Beau revoire. Field Marshal Haig an nounced today. In addition in Sunday's fighting the British captured the town of Fresnoy, west of Douai, and also gained additional ground in the vi cinity of Aubercheul-Aux-Bois. Northeast of Le Catelet the Brit ish took possession of Aubencheul Aux Bois. Pushing northward Haig's-men have established them selves on the high ground toward Lesdain. That town is nearly five miles from southeast of Cambrai. More than 1,000 Germans were cap tured by the British in the opera tions north of St. Quentin. "Stubborn fighting took place all day yesterday both on Mont Bre hain and Beaurevoir. Having cap tured the former village early in the morning together with some 600 prisoners, the Australian troops concerned were severely counter attacked. Throughout the remaind er of the day the enemy repeated attempts with troops brought up from the reserves to regain the village. "All his attempts were repulsed and in the course of fighting, heavy losses were Inflicted on his troops. British tanks doing great execution among the German in fantry. The village rests in our hands. "North of .Beaurevoir our trops have gained possession of Aubon-Cheul-Aux-Bois and are established on high ground running northward toward Lesdain. "Over 1.000 prisoners were cap tured by us in our operations yes terday north of St. Quentin." "North of the Scarpe our troops gained possession of Fresnoy and established themselves in the east ern outskirts of the village." FRENCH Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, Oct. 6. French troops have smashed through the German positions in the Champagne over a wide front. The official statement issued today by the war office says the French have crossed the Aisne canal, have reached the outskirts of Aguilcourt and are approach ing Augmenacourt-Le-Petit, eight miles north of Reims. Further east the French are ad vancing on a line north of the towns of Pomale, Lavannes and Epoye and have captured Faverger. on the Suippe river. The text of the statement reads: "The pursuit of the enemy con ' tinned all night On the whole of the Suippe river. On the left the French crossed the Aisne canal in th region of Saplgneul and reached the outskirts of Aguil court "Further east the French are ap proaching Aumenancourt-Le-Petit The massif of Nogent L'Abbesse is In Our possession and we have ad vanced far beyond it The French are progressing on a general line north of Pomale, north of La vannes and north of Epoye. "North of St. Quentin the fight ing continues with stubbornness in the region of Lesdines where the French have made further progress to the east of that district." SERBIAN Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, Oct 6. Serbian forces after violent fighting on Friday entered Vranje, 60 miles northeast of TJskub, according to a Serbian official statement is sued today. Several hundred prisoners were taken by the Serbs. The enemy is retiring in disorder toward the north. GERMAN Republican A. P. Leased Wire BERLIN, Oct 6. American forces yesterday continued their strong attacks east of Exermont between the Argonne and the Meuse river, says today's Ger man official statement The Americans were successful in pushing forward as far as the wooded heights, about one kilom eter north of that place. AUSTRIAN Republican A. P. Leased Wire VIENNA, Oct. (Via London) The Austrian war office admits the withdrawal of Austrian troops from Vranje in an official state ment issued this afternoon. yOL.XXTX.,NO. 137 AN ARMISTICE Republican A. P. Leased Wire KAISER TELLS ARMY ABOUT PEACE OFFER BERLIN, Oct. 6. fVia Basel. Switz- rland) Emperor William today is ued a proclamation to the German ar my and navy, in which after announc- nq that the Macedonian front had crumbled, he declared that he had tle- ided, in acrrdance with his allies. again to offer peace to the enemy. The text of the. emperors proclama- ion reads: For months past, the enemy, with enormous exertions and almost without pause in the fightinq, has stormed against your lines. In weeks of the struggle, often without repose, you have had to persevere and resist a nu merically far superior enemy. Therein les the greatness of the task which has been set for you and whicn you are ful filling. Troops of all the German states are doing their part and are heroically defending the fatherland on foreign soil. Hard is the task. Navy Holding The World "My navy is holding its own aaainst the united naval forces and is unwav eringly supporting the army in its dif ficult struggle. The eyes of those at home rest with pride and admiration on the deeds of the army and the navy. I express to you the thanks of myself and the fath erland. 'The Collaose of the Macedonian front has occurred in the midst of the hardest struggle. In accord with our allies, I have resolved once more to of fer peace to the enemy but I will only extenq my hand for an honorable peace. We owe that to the heroes who have laid down their lives for th fath erland and we make that our duty to our children. "Wa,Must Not Slacken" "Whether arms will be lowered is a question. Until then we must not slacken. We must, as hitherto, exert all our strength unwearily to hold our ground against the onslaught of our enemies. ' "The hour is grave, but, trustinq in your strength and in God's gracious help, we feel ourselves ta ba itnnn enough to defend our beloved father- iana. (Signed) WILHELM." SENDS HUMBLE NOTE TO PRESIDENT WILSON AMSTERDAM, Oct. 6. (By the As sociated Press.) The text of the note forwarded by the imperial German chancellor. Prince Maximilian, to President Wilson, through the Swiss government, follows: "The German government requests the president of the United States to take in hand the restoration of peace acquaint all the belligerent states of this request and invite them to send plenipotentiaries for the purpose of opening negotiations. "It accepts the program set forth by the president of the United States in his message to congress on Janu ary 8 and in his later pronouncement, especially his speech of Sept. 27, as a basis for peace negotiations. . ."With a view to avoiding further Bloodshed, the German government requests the immediate conclusion of an armistice on land and water and in the air." It is announced that Turkey Will take a similar step. STAND OF AMERICA SUITS CHANCELLOR BULLETIN. COPENHAGEN, Oct. -T(By the Associated Press.) Prince Maximilian of Baden, the new German imperial chanoellor, an nounced in the reichstag yesterday that he had sent a note through the Swiss government to President Wil son ,n which he had requested Mr. Wilscn to take up the question of bringing about peace and to commu nicate with the other belligerents ra. gardmg the subject. ne onancellor told h P.;k.t ne had addressed his not tu president of the Unit.H fit.-, cause Mr. Wilson, in his message to congress on January 8, 1918, and in his later proclamations, particularly his New York speech on Sept 27, had proposed a program for a general peace which Germany and her allies could accept as a basis for negotia tions. (The text of the chancellor's ad dress is printed in an adjoining col umnEditor.) NEW MINISTRY WILL ALTER HUN REGIME Republican A. P. Leased Wire COPENHAGEN, Oct. 6. "That peace proposals have riot been made earlier is due only to the fact that the formation of a new government at Berlin has been awaited," says the Vienna correspondent of the Pesti Napolo of Budapest, according to ad vices received here. "The reorganization of the German ministry will be followed by a long prepared and matured step, based on the realities of the situation," he con tinues. "Everything indicates impor tant and decisive occurrences in Gar-, many's foreign policy which oani bring peace nearer and, indeed, prob-i I ably make peace a reality."