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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, November 20, 1918, Image 1

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VOL. XXIX., NO. 181 :
Speaks of Inviolate British
Soil Lauds Navy and
j Praises Ameri
cansGives All Honor to
Britain's Battleships and
Hastily But Efficiently
Organized Soldiery.
TRepublican A. P. Leased Wire
LONDON, Nov. 19. Another preee- J
ricnt -went the way of other precedents
today, when King George, accompanied
hy Queen Mary and the Prince of Wales,
went to the palace at Westminster to
receive and reply to the loyalty ad
dress, passed by parliament yesterday.
Heretofore, it had been the custom of
the parliament to so to the kins on such
occasions. The royal party drove to the
palace without escort and was loudly
i hocred along the route.
Arriving at Westminster, the king,
the queen and the Prince of Wales went
immediately to the gallery of the house
of lords, where the commoners and the
lords, the latter with the officials of
t!ie houses in their robes of office,
awaited them. The king was in morn
ing dress. The lord chancellor and the
speaker of the. house of commons pre
sented the addresses.
King George, after expressing his
thanks, alluded to the part played by
the, wholo empire in the "long and ter
rible strugjlo now being brought to a
close." t
Britain Is Inviolate ,
King George in expressing his thanks
to the house of lords and the house of
commons said he was glad to meet the
members of parliament and the repre
sentatives of India and the dominions
beyond seas "that we may render
Thanks to Almighty God for the promise
of a peace, now nearer at hand, and that
I may express to you and through you
to the people whom you represent, the
thoughts that rise in my mind at a time
;o solemn.
"After a struggle longer and far more
terrible than any one could have fore
told" King George continued, "the soil
of Great Britain remains inviolate. Our
navy has everywhere held the seas, and
wherever the enemy could be brought
to battle it has renewed the glories of
Drake and Nelson. The incessant work
it has accomplished in overcoming the
hidden menace of the enemy's subma
rines and in guarding the ships that
have brought food and munitions to our
shores, has been less conspicuous but
equally essential to success.
Praises American Men
"Without that work Britain might
have starved and those valiant soldiers
of America, who have so much con
tributed to our victory, could not have
fought their way hither. The fleet has
enabled us to win the war. In fact,
without the fleet, the struggle could
not have been maintained, for upon the
t ommand of the seas the very existence
and maintenance of our land forces
have from the first depended.
"That we should have to wage this
war on land, had scarcely entered our
thoughts, until 'the storm actually
broke upon us. But Belgium and France
were suddenly invaded, and thenation
rose to the emergency. Within a year
an army of more than ten times the
Mrength of that which was ready for
action in August, 1914, was raised by
voluntary enlistment, largely owing to
the organizing genius and personal in
fluence of Lord Kitchener, and the
number of that army was afterwards
far more than doubled.
"These new soldiers, drawn from the
civil population, have displayed a valor
equal to that of their ancestors. Short
as was their training, they have imi
tated and rivaled the prowess of the
small but ever-famous force which in
the early weeks of the war, from Mons
to the Marne, fought its magnificent
retreat against vastly superior num
bers. Lauds Dominion's Troops
"Not less prompt was the response,
and not less admirable the devotion to
the common cause of those splendid
troops which eagerly hastened to us
from the dominions overseas men who
showed themselves more than ever to
he bone of our bone, inheriting all the
courage and tenacity that have made
Critain great. 1 shall ever remember
how the princes of India rallied to the
cause, and with what ardor the soldiers
sustained, in many theaters of the war,
and under conditions most diverting
and exacting, the martial traditions of
the race."
Proceeding, the king paid tribute to
Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, to the
(Continued on
rage Five)
AMSTERDAM, Saturday, Nov, 16.
CBy the Associated Press.) The red
flag is gradually disappearing from
the streets of Berlin, as are most other
external indications of the revolution,
according to a dispatch received here
from the German capital. Black, red
and gold, which were the colors of the
German revolution of 1848, and insig
nias of classical German republican
ism, have replaced them in large meas
ure. Guards wearing red brassards upon
their arms are also less conspicuous
than during the fore part of the week.
The reichstag building is no longer the
headquarters of the soldiers' and work
men's committees. These now are
scattered over the city, occupying the
former quarters of various governmen
tal departments.
A governing cabinet of six social
democrats has been established in the
former chancellor's palace, next to the
foreign office, where Friedrich Ebert,
socialist premier, and Hugo Haase,
secretary for foreign affairs, are over
run with callers.
Matthias Erzberger, head of the Ger
man armistice plenipotentiaries, who
lias just returned from attending the
armistice negotiations, is engaged in
organizing a German representation to
nttrnd the peace conterence. Maxi
milian Harden, editor of Die Zukunft,
is .proposed as one of. the delegates
Von Hindy Is
Taken Under
Council Wings
COPENHAGEN, Nov. 19. Tht
workmen and soldiers' council of
Cassel has issued a proclamation,
in which Field Marshal von Hin-'
denburg is taktn under the special
protection of the council. After re
ferring to von Hindenburg's victor
ies, the proclamation says "he did
not abandon his people in their
hour of trial."
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
SALT LAKE CITY. Nov. 19. Heber
J. Grant, president of the' quorum of
Twelve Apostles of the Mormon church.
today automatically became president
of the church through the death of
Joseph Fielding Smith, which occurred
early this morning. Ratification of his
succession probably will not take place,
however, until the next general con
ference of the church, to be held here
in April next year.
Owing to the influenza epidemic pri
vate funeral services will be held for
the late President Smith. Fina ar
rangements for the funeral had not
been concluded today, but Friday was
tentatively decided upon.
Death was due indirectly to a para
lytic stroke suffered last April. Not
withstanding his illness, President
Smijh attended the recent semi-annual
conference of the church, held the first
week of October, and spoke strongly
against polygamous marriages, which
it was rumored had been surrepti
tiously performed during the last few
o ,
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
LOS ANGELES, Nov. 19. Van
Vliet died at the Arcadia balloon
school hospital late tonight.
LOS ANGELES, Nov. 19. Charlie
Forbes, alias Dale Jones, said by the
police to have been implicated in num
erous train robberies in various parts
of the country, and his wife, were shot
and killed when Deputy Sheriffs George
Van Vliet and William J. Anderson at
tempted' to arrest the couple on th
main street of Arcadia, a town about 20
miles from here, tonight. Deputy Sher
iff Van Vliet was shot above the heart
and is in a precarious condition. Dep
uty Sheriff Anderson received several
bullets through his clothes but was un
injured. According to the sheriffs deputies,
an attempt was made to arrest Forbes
on a charge of murdering J. W. Rowan,
captain of detectives of Colorado
Springs, when the alleged bandit op
ened fire. The officers returned the
fire and many shots were exchanged.
Forbes is also wanted in connection
with a train robbery in Kansas about
two months ago, the police said.
Were Wanted In Denver
DENVER, Nov. 19. With the death
of Charles Forbes, alias Dale Jones,
who. with his wife, was killed in a pis
tol fight with officers at Arcadia, Cal
ifornia, tonight, the Denver police be
lieve that the last member of the gang
of alleged train robbers, who terrorized
Denver and Colorado Springs the after
noon and night of September 13, has
been accounted for. Besides the rob
beT7 of a Missouri, Kansas and Texas
mail train at Koch, Kansas, the night
of July 10, last, the deaths of Chief of
Detectives John W. Rowan of Colorado
Springs, and Patrolman Luther McMa
hill of Denver are charged against the
bandits. These officers were killed and
four others wounded in a series of pis
tol fights with the alleged bandits who
commandeered automobiles and dashed
maaiy aDout Uenver and Colorado
Springs on September IS, after the po
lice had made arrangements to raid a
house in the fashionable Canitol Hill
residence district of Denver, which was
believed to be the rendezvous of the
Of the six pen sought in connection
with the bandit activities, tjiree are
dead and three are in jail.
In addition to FoTbes. Rav Lancas
ter fell n a fight with the nolice. hvin
been killed in Kansas Citv September
jeranic iewis. alleged leader of the
band, was captured while fleeing from
Denver to Colorado Springs September
m. ana aiea ot pneumonia at Topeka,
Kansas, while awaiting trial; Roy
Sherill, wounded and captured, pleaded
guilty in Kansas and was sentenced to
25 years; Ray Long, will be ptaced oi
trial here tomorrow; Warren Lancas
ter, was captured in Kansas Citv.
Of two women sought by the Denver
police in connection with the reign of
terror nere. Mrs. torees is dead as a
result of tonight's battle in Arcadia,
and Kva Lewis de Morris, sister of
Frank Lewis, is in jail here awaiting
trai on a marge oi nignway roDbery.
The fight between the two officers
and the man and woman occurred in
front of a gasoline station in Arcadia.
to which Forbes had been in the habit
of coming to replenish the supply of
.gasoline tor nis automooiie. The offl
cers had been lying in wait for several
hours. According to accounts reaching
the sheriffs office tonight, both the
man and woman drew large pistols and
began shooting when the two officers
rushed from behind the gasoline station
and ordered them to throw up their
hands. an V liet was the first to fall.
Forbes and his wife were both instant
ly killed a moment later by shots fired
by Anderson.
o i
WASHINGTON. Nov. IS-. Destruc
tion by fire of the army cargo trans
port Ophir in the harbor of Gibraltar,
November 11, with the loss of two
members of crew, was anounced to
night by the navy department. The
vessel was enroute to Marseilles,
France, with army supplies, which also
were lost. The fire started .while the
ship was at sea.
The men lost were Guy A. Comstoctp
Oakland, California and Oscar .Wilson.
Find Faithful Performance
of Armistice Huge Quan
tities of Material Wel
comed On Every Hand
OCCUPATION, Nov. 19. (By The As
sociated Press) Well into Belgium
and within a few hours' march of the
German frontier on the south, Major
General Joseph T. Dickman's army
gathered itself today for another jump
into evacuated territorv.
The line was unchanged. In accord
ance with plan, the march has been
halted for a shoit time, while the heav-.
ier artillery, supply service and other
elements can be brought up. However,
General Dickman's headquarters were
moved on to Longuyon tonight and
corps and division commanders made
similar advances. '
As the Germans withdraw,, the con
centration of the army of occupations
increased and not for a moment has
vigilance been relaxed. All possible tac
tical advantage is carefully taken and
the forces are so deployed that the
peaceful march might easily, in the
presence of the enemy, be converted in
to a hostile operation.
Faithfully Honor Terms
The second day of the advance served
to confirm the belief at the American
headquarters, however, that there was
no thought of treachery in the minds of
the German general staff, and that the
terms of the armistice will be faithfully
carried out.
There have been a few isolated cases
where surrendered materials have been
damagd, but it is not thought sucn
damage was wrought under orders of
German commanders. The surrender of
damaged airplanes at the airdrome in
Tellancourt is regarded as a case where
individual aviators determined to put
their machines out of commission, rath
er than have them fall into the hands
of an enemy much as a cavalryman
would shoot a favorite horse, to save
him from a like fate.
Enormous stores of ammunition and
many guns left at Lnguyon were little
impaired and the machine shops there
had not been damaged. The electrical
Page Two)
OCCUPATION, Nov. 19. (By the As
sociated Press) With the exception of
a few laggard units, the last of Ger
many's armies disappeared today be
hind their own frontier. From the vil
lages located in the narrow strip of un
occupied territory between tHe Ameri
can and German forces, came reports
during the day that the stragglers ls.st
night and early this morning had en
gaged in looting.
Appeals were received from the in
habitants that the advancing Americans
hasten to their relief. Investigation
proved, however, that the villagers
were more excited than injured, and
that most of the damage was being
done by the little groiyis of Germans,
to the German's own stores of food and
Other appeals were found to have
more foundation. Those from the may
ors of Halanzy and other neighboring
towns reported the presence of wounded
and sick in greater numbers than the
local physicians could attend, and to
those points medical officers and sup
plies were sent, after notification to the
Germans of the Americans' plan. When
the Germans evacuated these towns
they took with, them not only the medi
cal and nursing staffs but also the
hospital supplies, abandoning the sick
and wounded to the mercies of the
townspeople and the army of occupa
Such was found to be the case in the
hospital at Longwy, where was located
the thirty-second division headquar
ters. Six wounded Americans were
found there, three of them officers. Two
were aviators reported misSing in Oc
tober. They were flying low when at
tacked by six Fokkers and forced to
land within the enemy lines.
The Germans had taken all their own
men from the hospital, leaving only
prisoners of war. The stories of the
American and other wounded agreed
that they had been accorded poor treat
ment. The nurses and doctors, they de
clared, had been indifferent in their at
tention and the food provided was no
better than that served in the prison
The care of the sick and wounded in
this hospital was shared by a local
committee, headed by Madame Rothe,
president of the Franco-Belgian relief,
and including five French nurses and
many women of the town. They under
took the more ordinary tasks in the
hospital routine. The local physicians
of Longwy as well as other places of
fered their services.
Repatriated soldiers and civilians
continued to march back to the lines
today. The Russians offered the great
est problems. There are thousands of
them, many of whom have contracted
Spanish influenza. They are being sent
to the hospitals in the back areas as
quickly as possible.
Reports brought by the repatriated
population and by agents of the army
agree that the German command is
having difficulty in maintaining an or
derly retreat. The main body of the
army is already beyond the .city of
Luxemburg, where the population
preparing to receive the Americans. The
people have even hung out a few Ameri
can flags, notwithstanding the pres
ence of German soldiers. Bands played
in the square and detachments of troops
are reported to have paraded the streets
singing before they marched out.
" An inventory shows that the guns,
ammunition and general stores found
by the Americans attained much greater
proportions than previously. One dump
of signal corps supplies is estimated to
be valued at no less than $2,000,000.
An enormous Warehouse taken at
Longwy was filled with general sup
plies, among which were several big
double engined airplanes in good, condi-
aoia Curries
President Irigoyen today in a
lengthy decree, accepted the resig
nation of Dr. Romulo Naon, as
Argentine ambassador to the
United States.
In his decree President Irigoyen
maintained that Dr. Naon knew
and approved of the attitude of the
Argentine government, when he
was appointed high financial com
missioner to Washington, and criti
cizes Dr. Naon's alleged interfer
ence in the government's internal
Request for Ordnance Sum,
Greater Than During
War, Criticized By Butler
Three-year Program
WASHINGTON", Nov. 19. Read
justment of departmental appropria
tions from a war to a peace basis was
begun today by congreess. The house
naval committee took up revision of
the naval bill for the next fiscal year
and members were insistent that ex
penditures be held to the lowest possi
ble minimum consistent with effective
operation and upbuilding of the navy.
As recommended by the navy depart
ment, the bill carries a total of $2,440,
000,000, the estimates being made in
the belief that the war would continue
through next year. Rear Admiral
Earlc, chief of the ordnance bureeau,
who was .before' the committee today,
said the department is revising its
estimates, and his bureau alone had
eliminated more than half of the
J400.000.000 calculated as necessary
next year.
Admiral Earle aso revealed that
since hostilities ceased the orddnance
bureau has cancelled contracts amount
ing to $421,359,000.
Secretary Daniels will be called into
the conference tomorrow for discussion
of the navy's needs.
Butler Criticises Figures
Representative Butler of Pennsylva
nia, ranking republican member of the
committee, and who is expected to be
come chairman of the committee in the
next congress, criticized Admiral
Earle's request for $53,000,000 for ord
nance and ordnance stores 'next year,
saying it was greater than the amount
appropriated in war time. Ho also
voiced objection to the completion of
the 112 Eagle boats at the Ford plant
at Detroit. hen asked whether Hen
ry Ford would lose money if the con
tract were cancelled. Admiral Earle
said Mr. Ford received no profit for
the work. The plant, he said, was
financed by the navy department-
Appropriations and authorizations
for a second-three-year building pro
gram are incdluded in the navy bill,
but these were not reached today.
There was no indication as to the at
titude of members on this project, but
it is generally expected that congress
will approve the plan.
WASHINGTON, Nov. !. Steps to
retain permanently in the army offi
cers commissioned from civil life who
have displayed marked ability in the
service are being considered by the
general staff. Plans for the demobiliza
tion of officers, it was learned today,
are being shaped with this end in view.
The first of the approximately
160,000 men in the officers corps
leased will be those who are anxious
to sever completely their connection
with military life. Applications from
these men for release, officials said
will bo acted upon promptly.
Consideration, it was said, will next
be given to applications from officers
who wish to return to civil life, but to
retain their status as reserve officers,
subject to call for a period of years.
General staff officials believe that
large portion will follow this course,
thereby giving the United States an
adequate supply of competent reserve
officrs for the first time in history,
In passing officers back into the
inactive'reserve list, care will be taken
to hold to the last officers who desire
to apply for commissions in the regular
establishment and whose records shew
them to be fitted for regular army life.
British casualties, as announced in
Associated Press dispatches, covering
the entire period of the war, are as fol
lows: During the war, including all fronts,
the total is 3,049,991,,; officers killed,
wounded or missing, 142,634; men, 2,
907,307; total killed on all fronts, 658,
665. Total wounded more than 2,000,
000. Total missing, including prison
ers, 359,145.
Mesopotamian campaign, fatalities,
31,109; the Dardenelles, 119,729 casual
ties; Saloniki front, losses, 27,318; in
Egypt, total losses, 57.853; in France,
total casualties 2,719,652; in Italy, 6,
738; in East Africa, 17,825; in other
theaters, 3,297. In addition to these,
there were 19,000 deaths from various
causes. .
WASHINGTON, Nov. 19. Immedi
ate release from the army of men in
training in this country who, prior to
their induction into military service,
were anthracite mineers, has beeen ob
tained by Secretary Baker at the re
qust of the fuel administration. Urgent
need for increased production of an
thracite coal led to the issuing of the
order, the fuel administration. an-
aeimctA. tonight, - .
They Deny Improper Ex
penses Claims Interest
Only In Behalf of Busi
ness Allen Resents
Charges '
WASHINGTON, Nov. 19. Evidence
designed to prove that brewer.5 as
sisted William A. Sheehan and Charles
H. Allei to finance the purchase)' of
the Mcrtgomery Ala., Advertiser, was
off'.v.i today at the opening of tte
senate judiciary sub-committee's investigation-of
brewers' activities. The
inquiry was ordered by the senate af
ter disUos-mc had been mafc tat
breweiy interests lent Arthur Brit-bane
$:-7;, f.jr the purchase of th-i Wash
ington Times.
C. W. Feigenspan, with whom Bris
bane dealt in securing his loan, identi
fied as brewers men who had en
dorsed notes for $50,000 each, on which
Philadelphia bank loaned Allen and
Sheehan JlOO.fiOO, alleged to have been
used in purchasing the Advertiser.
Feigenspan said' that Edward S.
Schmidt, a Philadelphia brewer, han
dled the $100,000 underwriting for the
Advertiser and that either the brewers'
counsel in Washington, or Mr. Bris
bane, had arranged the loan for the
purchase of the Washington Times.
His recollection was that Brisbane had
solicited the loan.
Admit Hiring Writers
Feigenspan also testified tffat he had
arranged financial assistance for the
Newark (N. J.) Jedger to the extent
ot nau.uuu.
The brewers' organization contribu
ted no part of this fund, he said.
Hugh F. Fox, secretary of the Lnited
States Brewers' Association, admitted
that the brewers' propaganda had been
published in the International Month
ly, edited by George Sylvester Viereck
once editor ot the Fatherland, a pro-
German nublication. Fox said he did
not know at the time the matter was
published that the Viereck publication
was inclined toward pro-Germanism,
but that he had "had some suspocion
of it since then.'"
Questioned further by Major E.
Lowry Humes of the army judge advo
cate general's department, and coun
sel for the senate committee, Fox said
that it was the business of the publi
cation committee of the brewers asso
ciation to advertise the product of
brewers, and that in doing so, it em
ployed writers to "write up certain
subjects relating to the brewers
Writers named in this connection
were John Koren of New York, who
wrote matter published in the Atlantic
Monthly,- and whose salary was be
lieved by Fox to be $5,000 a year;
Dr. Edward H. Williams, author of
articles in medical and other journals,
and J. G. Rice.
Fails to Bring Check Stubs
When Secretarv Fox was called to
the stand he produced, on subpoenas
from the committee, a bulky package
of letters, pamphlets and other docu
ments of the Brewers' association, but
had no bank checks or stubs. He said
it had been a long-standing practice
of the organization to destroy them.
The witness disclaimed any personal
knowledge of activity by the associa
tion in political fields in behalf of state
oiv national legislative candidatees, fa
vorable to legislation permitting the
use of beer and light wines.
Fox stated that when tile brewers
realized that "something was brewing
besides beer," referring to the prohibi
tior. movement, they endeavord to meet
it by advocating theu se ot beer and
light wines. It was sought to reach
leaders of public thought and also the
masses of the people. In both efforts,
the witness said, mistakes had been
made, and finally the popular propa
ganda was abandoned and attention
centralized on the leaders of opinion.
Major Humes read to the committee
letters from the files of the brewers'
organization in an effort to show that
the brewers employed only union labor
and that its officers believed that by
working through the American Feder
ation of Labor and other labor organi
zations it would exercise political in
fluence. Other correspondence was produced
by Major Humees for the purpose of
showing that the brewers started a
boycott against other businesses or
merchants opposing the manufacture
of beer.
The inquiry will be continued tomor
row. (Continued on Page Five)
COLUMBUS. Ohio. Nov. 19. Evi
dence given before the senate investi
gating committee at Washington today,
in which C. W. Feigerfspan. president
of the United States Brewers' associar
tion. Stated that $100,000 had been
loaned Charles Allen and William A.
Sheehan for the purchase of stock in
the Montgomery, Ala., Advertiser, is
but the forerunner of more startling
disclosures, according to L. 1.1. Mus-
grove of Birmingham, Ala., who ad
dressed a "ratification thanksgiving"
session of the world-wide prohibition
conference here tonight. Musgrove is
chairman of the national ratification
committee of the Anti-Saloon League
of America.
Further, investigation he said, will
reveal that German and German-American
brewers financed the anti-prohibition
campaign in every state, accord
ing to information known to him and
other anti-saloon workers.
Ratification of the national prohibi
tion bill will have been effected within
15 months after its submission to the
states by congress, Musgrove stated.
Every state in the south will ratify the
amendment, he declared, and when
congress adjourns after meeting next
year, at least 44 states will have voted
its adoption.
Preliminary to business sessions
which will commence tomorrow, dele
gates to the world-wide prohibition
conference meeting here today and to
night, compared notes on the prospect
of a dry world a few years hence and
joined in a "ratification thanksgiving"
over Ohio, Wyoming, Florida and Ne
vada, voting dry at the recent elec
tion. ...
Didn't Intend
To Abdicate
Says Charles
GENEVA, Nov. 19. Emperor
Charles of Austria has not formally
abdicated, neither ' has he re-
nounced nis rights, but only their
exercise, says the Neua Freie Pres
se of Vienna. This form of renun
ciation was new and unforeseen by
the Austrian constitution.
The emperor demanded that the
state council grant him permission
to remain in Vienna, which was ac
corded. The emperor, the news
paper adds, is still popular with the
masses, who do not consider him re
sponsible for the war.
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
NEW YORK. Nov. 13. Thirtv-two
states had gone "over the too." six hav
ing passed the 150 per cent mark, when
the United War Work campaign en
tered tonight on the last 24-hoir
With $157,295,058 in contributions of
ficially tabulated and today's returns
yet to be added, officials were confi
dent the fund would pass the original
quota of $170,500,000 and closely ap
proach the $250,000,000 mark, at which
the actual needs of the seven war relief
organizations during the period of de
mobilization have been placed.
Word went out tonight to leaders of
the drive in all parts of the country to
"keep the ball rollino." until the drive
closes officially tomorrow at midnight.
Delaware Leads Arizona
On the face of the returns tonight.
Delaware ranked as the banner state
with a contribution 51,090,979 or 230
per cent of its quota. Arizona was sec
ond with a 216 per cent subscription of
o17,775. Texas with 199 per cent,
Maryland with 175, Connecticut with
VO and Alabama with 153, are the oth
er states which have passed the fifty
per cent oversubscription mark.
Contributions of the vanous army
departments were reported as follows:
Eastern $58,438,595 or 78 per cent;
northeastern $l,2b8,3J or lie per
cent; southeastern $8,135,542 or 120 per
cent: central 56,3Z8.09Z or 97: southern
$8,045,775 or 157; western $7,891,026 or
Among the large contributions re
ported here today were $1100,000 by
Mr. and Mrs. William Rockefeller
$500,000 by the Carnegie Corporation of
New York; $200,000 by the Anaconda
Cooper company: and $50,000 each by
Payne Whitney, George Eh ret, George
F. Baker and Thomas F. Ryan.
GHENT, Belgium. Nov. 19. (By the
Associated Press.) The last stragglers
of the German forces are passing out
of Brussels this evening. It is a sad
cavalcade of sullen, depressed men fil
ing out along the road, headed for Lou
vain and Liege. Brussels is calm. The
population is refraining from any
manifestation beyond disdainfully
shouting to the departing soldiers.
"To Berlin!" The soldiers do not re
spond, merely smiling sadly.
The correspondent, who went
Brussels Friday, returned here tonight
In Brussels he received a great ova
tion from the inhabitants, which was
somewhat embarrassing, as desultory
rifle and machine gun firing was still
going on. He was challenged several
times by members of the soldiers an
workmens representatives for h
Reaching the outskirts of the city at
4 o clock in the afternoon, the corre
Uspondent walked to the North Station,
wwhere the soldiers committee was
holding a meeting. . Suddenly shots
were heard in the direction of the Place
Brouckers and the crowds immedi
ately sought refuge'in doors.
Belgians Want to Enter
The correspondent donned civilian
dress and toured the city unmolested,
Many houses were beflagged, but the
mayor, M. le Meunier, had ordered
that no flags be raised until one was
floating from the city hall.
There is sufficient food in Belgiu
for five weeks, according to Fernand
Baetans of the American mission for
relief in Belgium. He said, however,
that there was neeed for rice, and
suggested that supplies be unloadedd
at Antwerp instead of at Rotterdam
Coal is very scarce, selling at 2
Francsc a ton. Clothing is also lack
While the people remained calm on
Sunday, waiting until the last German
leaves, Belgian lancers are ten mil
down the Ghent road, watching for th
signal to enter the city. It is probabl
that Wrussels will be free of the enem
at dawn tomorrow.
Scorn Hun Sociability
The Germans made numerous at
tempts to fraternize with the Belgian
socialists, but Secretary Kuyysbreck of
the socialists' headquarters refused to
meet representatives of the soldiers'
and workmen's council. He said:
"Tell our king, tell America, tell the
whole world, that we absolutely will
have no contact with these people.
Our enemies we at no time consult
as to the future. We do not know the
spirit of the workmen, but we know
the spirit of the soldiers. There is no
danger of any bolshcvikism here."
German soldiers are going about
with huge bags of loot from the quar
termaster's departmhent, selling shoes,
blankets and socks at any price obtain
able. Good boots were sold for ten
Senator Speyer said the behavior of
the German officers impressed him as
cowardly, most of them- fleeing toward
home and escaping in citizens' clothing
to Berlin.
LONDON, Nov. 19 A report that at.
airman has bombed the palace in Hol
land, in which the former German
crown prince is interned, is published
in the Tclegraaf of Amsterdam. This
report, however, is denied by the corre
spondent of the Associated Press in the
Dutch capital.
nformal Conference Dis
cusses League of Nations,
National Retrenchment
Will Make Foreign Em
bassies Headquarters
Impress Dispatch Boats,
If Necessary All Await
Opening Address at Con
gress WASHINGTON, Nov. 19. Demo
cratic senators who conferred with
President Wilson tonight for two hours.
left the White House with the impres
sion that the president now plans lo
remain in France indefinitely, or at
least until the major portion of the
work of the peace conference has been
The president was understood to be
especially interested in the application
in the framing of the treaty of the
principle of the freedom of the seas.
which he enunciated in his fourteen
terms, and on which the allies, in
agreeing to discuss peace with Ger
many, have reserved the right of free
dom of action at the peoce conference.
Talks of Nation League
The plan for a league of nations was
another subject to which the president
was said to have given much study
He was understood to regard this a-s '
essential for the peace of the world.
During his absence from the United
States the president plans to continue
to exercise all the functions of his
office. He will keep in communication'
with Washington by wireless while at
sea, and by cable and, if necessary, by
dispatch boats while he is abroad.
While in Francec, the president, it
was said, will prepare to plan the
transaction of any necessary executive -
business in the American embassy.
Technically he then will be upon
American soil. Should he visit London
or any of the other allied capitals, the
embassies there would become his ex
ecutive headquarters.
Before discussing his plans for his
trip abroad, the president was under
stood to have taken up with the sena
tors problems of reconstruction and
necessary legislation. It was said that
he opposes the creation of a re-construction
commission, either executive
or congressional, preferring that the
work be done by existing agencies.
such as the war industries board, the
food administration and the war trade
Leaders Participate
Senators attending the conference
included Simmons and Overman of
North Carolina, Pomerene of Ohio,
Walsh of Montana, and Swanson of
Virginia, all chairmen of important
committees. During the day the presi
dent had conferred with Senator Mar
tin of Virginia, the democratic leader.
The American merchant marine, la-.
bor problems and the war revenue biii
were other subjects taken up at tin-
conference tonight, which lasted until
about 10 o'clock. The president was
said to have reiterated his views on
the necessity for a great fleet of ships
to carry the nation's commeice, end to
that end' favors continuation of the
government's shipbuilding program.
Regarding labor, senators were said
to have been told that maintenance
of utmost confidence between cai
players and employes is particularly
essential during hte peno1 of recon
struction. Consider Retrenchment
Retrenchment in federal expendi
tures, as far as is consistent was said
to be desired by the president, who
told the senators he already had
taken steps to that eni. In this con
nection the pending w?r revenue bill,
was discussed, especially with Sena
tor Simmons, chairman of the senate
finance committee. The president
asked regarding prospects of its pas
sage, in view of his approaching de
parture for France, and was advised
by Senator Simmons of the prospect
of delay and determined republican
opposition to the plan proposed by
Secretary McAdoo, for determination
in the ending measure of 1920 tax
Reconstruction and legislative ques
tions, the senators were said to have
been informed, probably will be dis
cussed by the president in his address
to congress at the opening of the
new session, December 2.- At that
time he is expected to outline his views
on the necessity for maintaining some
government war agencies, at least for
a limited period, after the peace treaty
is signed.
Make Embassy Headquarters
The president plans to sail for
France soon after congress reconvenes,
and it was understood that for this
reason he desired the leisurely confer
ence tonight, covering the broad field
of legislation and other questions, hi
connection with the president's plans
for transacting his business with an
American embassy as headquarters, it
was understood that he feels there will
be little difficulty in regard to legis
lative questions that arise. If neces
sary, it was said, the engrossed text
of a bill could be sent to him by a
courier on a dispatch boat. A veto,
it was said, could be accomplished by
cable. In the discussion ot legislative
questions, it was said that only those
of the coming session were considered,
and that no mention was made either
of republican -ontrol of the next con
gress or of an. extra session.
. Republican A. P. Leased Wire
CAMP MEADE, Md., Nov. 19.
Because he refused 'to cmy coal for
the kitchen at the base hospital here.
Private Russell S. Powell of Pennsyl
vania has been sentenced to fifteen
years in the disciplinary bs.rrbj.ka at
I'ort Leavenworth, Kan,

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