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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, November 26, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020558/1918-11-26/ed-1/seq-1/

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Khaki and Blue Resent In
sults to Flag Fight Po
lice to Avenge Slurs-
Wait for Socialist Meet
ing to Adjourn Riot Fol
lowsQuelled By Police
Heads Cracked
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
NEW YORK. Nov. 25. Hundreds of
soldiers, sailors and marines broke '
through a cordon of police surrounding
Madison Square Garden tonight, ana
attacked international socialists who
had attended a mass meeting at which
bolshevik! doctrines were expounded.
The men and women leaving the hall
broke and fled as tho men- in uniform
charged past the police, but were pur
sued into the side streets in all direc
tions. Th attack on the socialists came at
tho coso of a meeting which thrcat
rned, from the moment it bcRan, to
break into a riot. It was called osten
sibly to protest against the execution of
Thomas J. Mooney, but Scott Nearing,
who presided, and tho other speakers,
devoted most of their attention to pleas
for the release of "political" offenders.
Several men and women were ar
rested for displaying red flags smug
gled into the garden In defiance of an
edict by Mayor Hylan. Large number-n
of men in uniform entered the building
before tho doors were locked, with tho
avowed dcterminationiof preventing at
tacks upon tho government. They were
restrained with difficulty by police and
detectives from making an assault on
the stage. Score's of fist fights were in
terrupted by officers.
Uniformed Men Get Busy
Soldiers and sailors who were un
able to get into the meeting, sent out
patrols to round up all the men in uni
form who could be found, to join the
harge on the socialists, which had
been planned to take place when the
oratory was ended and the internation
alists started for their homes.
Madison Square was the rallying
point for the military. They quickly
staged an impromptu mass meeting at
which speakers denounced the "bol-
nheviki.' They were cheered, not only
by the men in uniform but by civilian
sympathizers. When some one called
upon "loyal Americans" to charge the
garden and attack the Internationalists,
severl hundred responded. They were
driven back, however, by mounted police
and men on font, who had surrounded
1he building. Realizing that they had
failed in the first attack, the soldiers
and sailors resumed their meeting and
awaited the arrival of reinforcements.
Probbly 1.000 men of both branches ot
the service had assembled by the time
the meeting adjourned.
The opening of the doors of the gar
den was tho signal for a second charge,
which the police were unable to repel,
The soldiers and sailors fought their
war past swingingtnight sticks and at
tacked the socialists, who had packed
the big building.
Almost instantly, the square was
filled with yelling, running, fighting
men. The screams of women, most of
them wearing red roses or carnations
in lieu of the forbidden flags, rose
above the din as they clawed and
scratched the soldiers and sailors vyh
were pummelling the male socialists.
Resent Flag Aspersions
Mounted police, reinforced by auto
mobile loads of reserves, rushed from
every station house within a radius of
miles, struggling valiantly to clear the
square, but made little progress. Sol
diers and sailors, thoroughly angered
by what they considered an msldlous
attack on. the flag they had sworn to
defend, paid little attention to blows
from night sticks. They were bent on
getting revenge from the international
ists and many of them succeeded.
The square was cleared of military
men only when socialists, by ones and
twos and in groups, broke and fled.
Tho scrimmage in the park then was
continued on a smaller scale into every
neighboring street.
Groups of socialists soon were run-
(Continued on Page Seven)
WASHINGTON, Nov. 23. Eighteen
men from the American steamer Du
maru lost their lives after the vessel
was wrecked near Guam last month,
by lightning exploding her cargo of
gasoline. The navy department an
nounced today that 16 of the men died
of exposure and starvation In an open
boat and that two others were drowned
when the boat, with 14 survivors, was
making a landing at San Jose, L'Ori
ente, Philippine Islands, November 9.
The department also announced that
the message, gave the name of "Frank
Bolin, naval ensign," as among the
lost, but as there is no such name in
the naval register of officers, it was
assumed that this was a mistake in
transmission and a duplication ot the
name of Frank Bolin. deck boy. Ad
vices from Guam at the time the Du
maru went down, said Ensign A. C.
Holmes, V. S. N., waa a passenger on
the vessel, and the department has
received no further word from him.
With the exception of Ensign Holmes,
all of the 47 persons on the ship have
been accounted for. The crew left
the ship in three boats and two of these
were picked up soon afterwards. The
third reached f-'an Jose after days.
yov ten days those in the craft were
without food and for five days they
were without water.
Hungary Names
Very First One
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
BERNE, Nov. 25 The first wom
an to be appointed an ambassador
has been nominated by the Hun
garian government for the post in
Switzerland. She is the Hun
garian writer and pacifist, Rosika
Schwimmer, who now resides in
Switzerland. Madame Schwimmer
has accepted the nomination and
will begin her duties shortly.
Madame Rosika Schwimmer is
president of the Hungarian woman
suffrage association. She has been
credited with being the originator
of the Ford peace ship idea and
was one of the prominent figures
of that mission.
Lack of Shipping Will De
lay Movement Food
Ships May Be Used Re
turning Sick
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON", Nov. 25 First units
of the American expeditionary force to
return from overseas are expected to
arrive in New York about tho end of
the present week.
General March, chief of staff, an
nounced tonight that 382 officers and
6,614 men of the air service and other
detachments, training in England, are
homeward bound on the Minnekahda,
Lapland and Orca, British liners. The
first two ships left Liverpool last Fri
day and the Orca sailed on Saturday.
This announcement means mat the
movement of the American troops now
in England, the majority of whom are
n air service detachments, will con
tinue steadily until all of them, come
0,000 have returned to this country.
There are no regiments or other units
of line troops in Great Britain. The
first movement of the larger units,
such as brigades and divisions will
come from French ports, it is assumed,
as the British cross channel service un
doubtedly is completely occupied with
the transportation of returning British
Before General March's announce
ment, Secretary Baker discussed with
newspaper correspondents the return
of American troops from France. Their
homeward movement, he said, is de
pendent almost entirely upon the limi
tation of transportation facilities both
at sea and in France.
British Ships May Help
Besides employing rn this work the
German liners seized in this country,
Dutch vessels taken over, and all other
available transports, Mr. Baker said
some part of the British transport ton
nage, employed in carrying troops to
France, will continue to be used in get
ting the men home. He pointed out.
however, that Great Britain will need
many of her ships to carry home Ca
nadian, Australian, New Zealand anu
other colonial forces, which have been
(Continued on Page Two)
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
LONDON, Nov. 23 Lieutenant Ju
lius H. Fulcher, of Frisco, North Caro
lina, who, with Lieutenant Frank H.
Muller, of Oakland, California, was
taken on board the German submarine
Deutschland,. from the rorpedoed
American army cargo ship Ticonder
oga, September 30, and was brought to
Harwich, yesterday by the U-boat,
was wounded severely in the thigh
when the Ticonderoga went down, ac
cording to the Harwich correspon
dent of the Daily Express. He escapea
on a, raft and was picked up by the
U-boat. Lieutenant Muller was taken
aboard by the same boat but Lieuten
ant Fulcher did not learn of his pres
ence until some days later.
Lieutenant Fulcher, describing the
sinking of the Ticonderoga to the cor
respondent of the Daily Telegraph, said
the Deutschland's commander left an
American sailor afloat on a raft after
the Ticonderoga sank, with the calm
remark: "God will save him."
"The first shots from the submarine,'
Lieutenant Fulcher said, "badly
wounded the captain, killed the gun
crew and set our ship on fire. The
decks were quickly littered with dead.
We managed to get the fire extin
guished and to lower the boats, but In
the excitement and confusion most of
the poor fellows aboard were drowned.
Pillow Slip For Flaq
the submarine again attacked us
and we kept up our fire until we res.
lized the ship was sinking and that it
was useless to continue. TV e then de
elded to surrender."
Although wounded, according to the
correspondent. Lieutenant Fulcher took
a pillowslip and waved it in place of a
white flag. The submarine came along
side and he was taken, together witn
another American officer, aboard the
vessel. The submarine commander, re
volver in hand, asked the lieutenant
where, his chief gunner was. The lieu
tenant toia nim an tne gunners were
killed. It was then that a German-
speaking American, on a ra:t, asked for
help, but the submarine commandci
ignored him. exoept to say: 'God will
save him," and then left the man to his
I fate
Those Said to Have Been
Asked Want to Know In
structionsWilson Pre
fers Liner Washington to
Wilhelm Jusserand In
vited to Accompany
iRepublicaq A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25. Delay in
the announcement of the names of the
American commissioners to the peace
conference at Versailles is understood
to be attributable to two causes. First,
that no decision has been reached as
to tho number; and second, that all of
the persons whom the president has in
mind for places, have not yet had an
opportunity to signify their accept
ance. It is regarded as desirable that the
number of tho American commission
ers correspond to tho number named
by each of the great entente powers.
Correspondence by cable now is going
on between Washington and the en
tente capitals, with the purpose of
coming to a common understanding on
this point.
The belief obtains in some quarters
here, that the size of the delegation
should be very much restricted. A
minimum of as low as three has been
considered, and five seems to meet
with some approval. It was said today
that, although this might appear to be
a small force with which to undertake
the vast amount of important business
which is to come before the conference,
each delegation will be provided with
a numerous staff of experts, capable
of dealing with any questions that
might arise, and that probably better
progress could bo made towards the
conclusion of peace by a limited num-
Der ot commissioners, who might be
expected to maintain more intimate
relations with one another, than would
be possible with a large gathering.
Want to Know Instructions
In connection with the second cause
for delay in announcing the names of
the commissioners, it was said that
some of those invited to act, particu
larly those of party affiliation opposite
to that of the president, scarcely would
care to accept, until they have had an
opportunity to study very carefully
the instructions by which the commis
sioners will be strictly bound.
Meantime, probably no one but Presi
dent Wilson is aware of the probable
composition of the American delega
tion, although it is known that Secre
tary Lansing and Colonel House will
be members. If precedent is followed in
the naming of the delegates. Ambas
sador Sharp, at Paris, also will be one
of the number.
Ambassador Jusserand of France
and Mrs. Jusserand will accompany
President Wilson to France. The am
bassador has not had a vacation since
he rushed back to America at the out
break of the European war, and he
goes to join in his people's celebration
over victory and probably to play a
part in the peace conference.
It became known today that he had
been invited to make the voyage on
the ship that carries the presidential
party. The invitation from the presi
dent is regarded as a special tribute
to France, and also as a mark of the
high esteem which President Wilson
entertains personally for the ambas
sador. Jusserand Entertains
Ambassador Jusserand and Mrs.
Jusserand tonight gave the first re
ception held at the French embassy
since the beginning of the war. The
occasion was the celebration of the en
try of Marshal Foch into Strassburg,
capital ot Alsace, at the head of Fran
co-American forces, and the guests in
cluded President and Mrs. Wilson.
members of the cabinet, diplomatic
represetnatives of tne allied and neu
(Continued on Page Two)
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25. Naval es
timates for 1920 have been reduced
$1,1 80,315,000 as the result of the sign
ing of the armistice, Secretary McAdoo
was informed today by Secretary Dan
iels. The original estimate on a war
basis was $2,644,307,000, and this has
been reduced to $1,463,992,000.
No reduction was made in the esti
mates of $600,000,000 tor a second
three-year budding program of 156
ships, which has been recommended to
congress by Secretary Daniels. This
program contemplates ten superdread
naughts, six battle cruisers and 140
smaller warships and auxiliary craft.
The largest reduction was $313,421,
716 in the estimate for the bureau of
ordnance, and the second largest was
$275,324,285 in pay of the navy. Other
reductions were announced as follows:
Pay. miscellaneous, $5,015,000; avia
tion, navy, $133,770,700; bureau of
navigation, $41,06,603; bureau of yards
and docks, including puniiv wonts, s,
458,000; bureau of supplies and ac
counts, $224,951,315; bureau of con
struction and repair, $37,500,000; bu
reau of steam engineering, $28,000,000;
marine corps, $35,702,964; naval emer
gency funds, $113,145,000.
The house naval committee now is
holding hearings on the 1920 naval bill
and the reduced estimates probably will
be transmitted to it within a day or
two. Members of the committee have
been insistent that the bill's total must
be cut to the very lowest, consistent
with the operation and upbuilding of
the navy.
Starts Again!
Down Again!
Lost Again!
TUCSON, Nov. 25. The Lough
ead biplane "102," which left Santa
Barbara, California, Saturday
morning on a transcontinental
flight to Washington, D. C, and
was forced by engine trouble to
descend at Tacna, 200 miles west
of here, resumed its flight this af
ternoon and at 3:45 o'clock passed
over Sentinel, 11 miles east of
Tacna. No further report of 'the
progress of the machine had been
received here late tonight, and its
whereabouts was unknown at the
offices of the Southern Pacific
Frisco Scandal
Merrily Editor Under
Guard Labor to "Dem
onstrate" In Sympathy
With Mooncr
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 25. Follow
ing an assault last night on Fremont
Older, editor of the San Francisco Call
and Post, by District Attorney Charles
M. Fiekert, Chief of Police White to
day assigned two detectives to guard
the editor. The Call recently pub
lished a long report of alleged crooked
ness in civil and criminal cases which
involved Fiekert and others.
Mr. Older today gave a statement to
The Associated Press containing his
version of the resignation of F. W.
Henshaw from the state supreme court.
The Henshaw matter was dealt with in
the printed report to Secretary Wilson,
signed by J. E. Densmore, director gen
eral of employment,
Mr. Older said:
"In replying to the revelations in
the Densmore report concerning him
self F. W. Henshaw said: 'The Fair
case was decided 20 years ago. Tears
after its decision, I was re-elected to
the supreme bench and served 11 years
of the 12 years' term, resigning under
no compulsion or agreement with Mr.
Older or any body else.
Older Answers Henshaw
"Mr. Henshaw's memoiy is at fault.
A short time before Henshaw's resig
nation was made public, he asked me
for an interview. After some prelim
inary remarks to the effect that he was
innocent, the conversation was inter
rupted by the arrival of Mrs. Henshaw,
and the judge asked me to meet him
again at 8 o'clock the next morning.
l did so and Henshaw proceeded at
once to the point. He said he was an
old man, 'broke," and the publication of
the Dingee story would end in a trag
edy. 'If you will agree not to publish
the Dingee story, I will resign from the
supreme court,' he said.' 'I can give as
a reason that I want to go into war
work, as I have written a great deal on
the subject. In addition to that .1 want
to help you in the Mooney case.'
l was very much moved by Hen
shaw's plea and replied: "Well, Judge,
I am getting on toward the end of life
myseit, and 1 haven t any desire to
wound any one unnecessarily, and it
seems to me that if yon do as you say
you will do, that is sufficient. I don't
Know what more you could do.
"A few days later the resignation was
made public. '
Grand Jury Meets
county grand jury met here tonight tc
consider the published -report bearing
xne signature or Jonn B. Densmore,
federal director general of emplovment.
which charged official fraud in the con
viction of Thomas J. Mooney for mur
tier. i
Simultaneously the Iron Trades coun
cil, representing 30,000 workers in the
bay district, met in regular session, at
which the published report and the
question of calling a strike in MooneVs
behalf were taken up. Officials of the
council predicted that its action would
De against a strike.
Mooney is in San Ouentin neniten.
tiary awaiting execution on December
16, roilowing his conviction in conne.c
tion with the Preparedness day bomb
e plosion here on July 22, 1916.
Densmore and his assistants, who
were said to have made up the re,
port, were subpoenaed to aDDear befor?
the grand jury, but thus far none of the
suDpoenas nas been served, it was an
nouncea. Densmore is in Portlaad
Alter naving two witnesses annu.
oeiore it, me county grand jury ad
journed tonight, until next Fridav
morning, its investigation into alles-ert
improper activities on the part of. the
local officials and others disclosed in a
report by John B. -Densmore on certain
phases of the conviction of Thomas J.
Mooney for murder. Densmore Is di
rector general of the federal employ
ment service and investigated the
Mooney case at the behest of William
B. Wilson, secretary of labor. Mooney
was convicted of murder in connection
with the explosion of a bomb during a
preparedness day parade here in July,
Unionists Plan "Demonstrations"
NEW YORK, Nov. 25 More than
100,000 members of the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers of America will con
duct "demonstrations" in all clothing
centers of the United States and Can
ada this week. In behalf of Thomas J,
Mooney, sentenced to death on Decem
ber 13 for the San Francisco Prepared
ness day bomb explosion, it was an
nounced here tonight. The cities in
clude New York, Rochester, Philadel
phia. Baltimore, Chicago, Cleveland,
Montreal, Toronto and Hamilton.
The question of a general strike,' it
was said, nas not been considered be
cause 75,000 workers now are striking
here for the eight-hour day.
The United Hebrew trades council,
said to have a membership of 200,000,
issued tonight a preliminary call to
rote on a strike as a protest against
the- execution.
nunTV ic nnr
r n 1 1 II lu UUL
Not At First Considered In
Relation of Participant j
Except to Preserve Ideals I
Counsel Then Sought
Assertion of Rights Pre
ceded Full Admission to
Conference Now Lead
ing Nation
PARIS, Nov. 25. (By the Associated
Press) The United States govern-
ment's diplomatic success in obtaining
from tho allied governments accept
ances of President Wilsons points,
with only one reservation and addition,
is becoming daily more apparent, as
the preliminaries for the approaching
peace conference are being outlined
largely on tho basis of the president's
Colonel E. M. House, the special rep
resentative of the United States gov
ernment, when he arrived here, found
little disposition among American and
European friends to accept, as a to
tality, the framework of peace as ex
pressed by President Wilson. Some
European statesmen considered that
the points had worked as a good sol
vent upon Germany; that they had
served their great purpose in their ef
fect upon German unity; but that they
should not be observed too closely,
when it came to formulating the prac
tical details of the settlement.
Allied statesmen plainly put forward
the view that, as the American tradi
tional policy had been one of detach
ment from European affairs, it was
natural for the American government,
when the war broke out. in Europe, to
consider it a quarrel among European
nations, and to declare its neutrality,
It was pointed out that for two years
and a half the American government
observed its neutrality and called the
attention of both groups of belliger
ents to violations of sea law. Ger-
many's offences became intolerable and
America entered the war, both for that
reason and because America did have
a community of ideals of government
and of human rights with the allies.
America, as became a great country
was impelled to put forth great efforts
and she did.
America Not to Have Been Party
Allied statesmen have fully appreci
atcd the effect of American arms ii
winning the decision. Nevertheless, it
was contended by some, this had been
a controversy among European na
tions ana tne winning group, it was
suggested, supposed that America,
having accomplished her aims, would
return to her detachment and allow
the countries intimately concerned to
arrange a settlement, according to the
European viewpoint of the situation
These statesmen made it plain that
they would receive every friendly coun
sel the United States would offer, the
more so because they knew that Amer
ica wanted nothing in a material way
for herself, but was interested only in
realizing her ideals. The losses the
other belligerents have suffered, in
comparison with those of the United
States, also have been cited as a rea
son for the allies having a predominant
nuuence in shaping the new order in
These were some of the conceptions
put forward by the allied governments
(Continued on Page Seven)
LONDON. Nov. 25. (British Wire
less Service.) Describing the German
warships which surrendered . to the
British and now are interned in Scapa
Flow, the correspondent of the Daily
Telegraph says
"The German admiral's flag, white,
with a thin black cross and two black
balls, indicative of his rank, still float
ed at the main top gallant of the
Friedrich der Grosse, as the German
squadron moved betwefiT the British
lines. It hung limp and dirty typical
in the state of all the German ships
and their crews. The ships were in
such condition that they looked like
vessels Jaid by for breaking up pur
poses. They could not have seen paint
for two years. Their sides, funnels and
nnages were covered witn reu. rust
and the masts were black with soot.
The guns even had not been painted
for months.
'The Derflinger was in better condi
tion than any of the others, and there,
was an appearance on board that dis
cipline was still in vogue. On all the
other ships, the crews were lounging
about, many on the quarter decks, not
recognizing their otneers. on tne Der
flinger the officers were parading
smartly about on their own quarter,
and the men were clean and orderly.
As we passed close te each ship, the
men-crowded to the rail. They looked
miserable and drenched and dold. Their
clothing was nondescript. Tnere :gs
an air of melancholy and depression
everywhere. It was a pleasure to come
from them alongside our own great
ships, where everything was spick and
span. Hearty sailormen with cheery
faces were at every porthole, and the
quarter decks were occupied only by
officers, the commander marching
briskly along in the traditional way,
telescope under his arm
"The German officers have been po
lite and no trouble has been experi
enced with them. The British officers
have rejected all advances at friendli
ness and have extended only the neces
sary courtesies-
International Red Cross
City That Report of Famous Young Aviator's
Death From Out of Germany Almost Cer
tainly Correct; Last Time the Premier Air
Man Was Seen Was On the Evening of
September 29, When He Flew Away Alone
After Hun Balloons.
To Sink All
the Surrendered
Hun War Ships
LONDON, Nov. 25. After an
inspection of the German battle
ships and cruisers held by the
entente, and final settlement of
their ownership by the peace con
ference, all the vessels probably
will be sunk, as apparently there
is no disposition on the part of the
entente to risk the controversies
that would be likely in case of an
attempted division-of them.
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
NEW YORK, Nov. 25. Total sub
scriptions to the United War Work
campaign were $203,179,038, or $32,679,-
038 in excess of the amount originally
asked by the seven war relief organ
izations for their work during demob
ilization of the army and navy, accord
ing to an official announcement to
night by fhe national campaign com- I
mittee. This is the largest sum ever '
saised as an outright gift in the his
tory of the world.
According to the committee, every
state in the union, except Pennsyl
vania . and Minnesota, exceeded its
quota, and confidence was expressed
that these states will be "over the top"
when returns from Philadelphia and
Minneapolis are in. Philadelphia, a
war chest city, has not yet made an
appropriation ,to the fund, while Min
neapolis postponed its drive until next
Fourteen states pledged 150 per cent
or more of their quotas, Arizona head
ing the list with 248 per cent. Per
centages of other high .states were:
Delaware, 230; Texas, 222; Louisiana
and New Mexico each 186.
A feature of the campaign was the
manner in" which men of the army and
navy, and the Inhabitants of foreign
countries contributed to the fund. The
army and navy gave $618,346; China,
11,000,000; Russia, $11,000; Cuba, $275,
000; Japan $360,000; Mexico, $114,000;
Porto Rico, $82,000.
New York state went "over the too"
today with a percentage of 102, when
the "continuation drive" in New York
city closed with the city's $35,000,000
quota suDscriDea.
John D. Rockefeller and John D.
Rockefeller, Jr., who had underwritten
lacking subscriptions to the amount of
$1,233,689, were called on to contribute
$370,097, to make up the total when re
ports showed a subscription of $34,
629,903. iiBTTJipx To rrm-wM a vr
ST. LOUIS, Nov. 25. Suspected of
being a German spy, "Bud Bert'
Schmidt was arrested here tonight and
it developed "Bert" is a woman. U-ion
this discovery, police arrested the wife
to whom "Bert" was married October
12 last by a justice of the peace.
Bert gave her age as 2o years and
substantiated the assertion that she ot
fered her. service to the government bv
producing a draft registration card. The
woman, flicking the ashes from a cig
arette, told the police she masquer
aded as a man to obtain a man's salary.
wotn women are natives of Hungry.
"Bert" said her name was Bertha
Schmidt and the "wife" gave her name
as Mary Ashate. They said they are
cousins, according to police. Bertha is
held for the federal authorities on a
charge of false registration. The "wife
was released.
The spy charge against Bertha coula
not be substantiated.
QUEENSTOWN, Nov. 25 A number
of American submarine cruisers, ac
companied by the parent ship Buci:nell,
left -today lor the imted Stiles,
Informs Father In This
Frank Luke, Jr, has been killed in
action. .
After many weeks of uncertainty, of
hoping against hope that he had been
captured by the Germans and now was
a prisoner, word was received yester
day by Frank Luke, the father, from
the . bureau of communication of the
American Red Cross stating that his
son, Frank Luke, Jr the famous young
Phoenix aviator and scourge of the
Huns, had been killed in action on
September 29.
There is still some slight hope that
the report may prove untrue and that
the brilliant ace of the air who has
brought such great credit to himself,
his family and city may yet be found
alive in some prison camp, but the Red
Cross is compelled to admit that that
hope is very slight.
The letter to the father received In
this city yesterday and which brought
the sad news that had been long-feared,
is as follows:
Father is Informed
"Washington, D. C Nov. 20, 1918.
"My Dear Mr. Luke:
"I am very sad to have to tell
you that the International Red
Cross reports, out of Germany, that
Lieutenant Frank Luke, Jr. your
son, was killed in action on Sen-
t ember 29.
"We have found almost invar
iably that these reports coming out
of Germany are to be trusted, but
our office in Paris, nevertneless.
cables that they are vigorously
continuing their investigation for
verification of this report. This
word was sent by my office in Par
is at the request of Mr. Brephy.
"If this report should prove true,
as I fear there is every reason te
think it must, we send you the very
sincere sympathy of the Red Cross.
We know that you will always be
proud of the fact that your son
gave his life so finely and in such a
splendid cause.
"Sincerely yours, '
"W. R- CASTLE. Director."
Last Time Seen
The last time Franw Lake, Jr, was
seen by his fellow airmen was on tho
late afternoon of September 29 when he
left the field of the 25th aero squadron
to go alone to destroy Hun observation
Luke had done this repeatedly, some'
times coming home after dark ana
making precarious landings By the ata
of rockets and flares, sometimes crip
pling his machine in so doing.
But on that night he failed to return.
The rockets and flares of his comrades
were ready, but the hoars wore on and
no signal came from the daring aviator
who was known as the Premier Air
Man of the American Ayiatars.
To speak Lake's name in aviation
haunts was to- elicit instant word, or
praise for the boy who became an
American, leader in balloon destruction
in a few days following the smash ot
the Americans at St. Mihiel.
Many To His Credit .
Ten official and four still uncon
firmed conquests had been written into
Luke's record before he went out for
the last time. He announced on that
occasion that he was going to drop si
certain balloon, and n observer saw
the huge sausage fall in flames half an
hour later.
Because there were said to nave been
no German airmen out ax that time in
the evening, it long had been hoped
that Iaike had been captured and not
Kilted. A recent letter to Lake's par
ents in this city told of his last exploit
and of the sincere hope that he thea
was a prisoner in a Hun. camp. - -
The most talked -of American aviator
was Frank Luke. Jr, the young Phoe
nix boy whose exploits during his brief
career in the service set the country on
tire with praise and wonder at his dar
ing. Many, fearing his extreme daring,
almost to recklessness, expected every
day to hear of his death at the hands
of Hun airmen.
Only a Boy
But 19 years old, Frank Luke -was a
mere boy when he entered the service
to train as an aviator. As a student at
the Phoenix high school he was one ot
the most modest, unassuming of the
boys of that school.
After having received his commission
as a flyer, and declared competent to
drive his machine against the best or
the Hun aviators, Luke was sent over
seas and attached to the Z5th aero
squadron. Within six weeks he was a
recorded "ace" and his name was her
alded all over France, England and the
United States as one of the wonders of
the air.
Luke's specialty, that which made
him famous, was in the destruction ot
German observation balloons, an act
that required more daring, more skill
and better judgment than in attacking
Hun airplanes. It required swooping
down near the earth, of slowing his
machine so that accurate attack could
be made. In this Luke became the
most proficient of all in the American
army of aviators. .
These to His Credit
In the short time of five and one-
half months after Luke joined the 25th
squadron, he had the following to his
August 16 at Chateau Thierry, air
September 12, at Marlemles, balloon.
September 14, at Bienville, balloon.
September 15, near Chaumont. bal
loon. September 16, at RevWIe, balloon.
. September 17, at Romagne, balloon.
September 18, at Laleuville, balloon..
September 18, at Laleuville, Halber
stadt plane.
September 18, at Lalenrllle, Fokker
September IS, at LalenviHe. balloon.
September 19, at Laleuville, Fokker
September 20, at Cansennoye, balloon.
September 24, at Banthevllle, FoX
ker plane,
September 28, balloon.
September 29, airplane.
Modest in Bearing
Luke early in his career on the "west
ern front became a lone airman. He
did not care to have a companion with
him in his forays on the Hun sirpnljr
stations and over the .ejiemy.lir-ea afterjj

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