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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, November 27, 1918, Image 1

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VOL. XXIX., NO. 188
Details Withheld Will Re
main About" Six Weeks
There Is To Be Xo Censor
ship Of Peace News
publican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, Nov. 26. Presi
dent Wilson will sail for Europe
next week, to attend the opening of
the peace conference, and expects
to be back in Washington soon
after the middle of January.
Plans for the president's trip are
gc-ing steadily ahead, but beyond
the original announcement that he
would leave immediately after the
convening of congress on December
2, no details have been made pub
lic. However, it was said today,
authoritatively, that the president
plans to be back on American soil
within six weeks after he leaves.
There has been no indication
when the peace conference will as
semble, but the general belief here
is that it will convene immediately
after the Christmas holidays. The
president goes in advance, to con
fer with the entente statesmen, and
it is expected the broad outline of
the treaty will be framed before
hand, with a view to its adoption
soon after the conference meets.
The president was understood to
have discussed his trip with mem
bers of his official family at the
regular Tuesday cabinet meeting
Censorship Reports Untrue
Reports of censorship of the news
of the peace conference were met
today with the statement that not
only would there be no censorship,
but that the American newspaper
correspondents would be given all
facilities possible for transmitting
their dispatches.
Correspondents sent from this
country will make the trip on a
navy vessel, which will be placed
at their disposal. They will leave
next Monday, ahead of the presi
dent, because there is no ship avail
able which can make as fast time
as the steamer on which Mr. Wil
son and his party will sail.
NAMUR, Monday, Nov. 2r (By the
Associated Press) Nine days have
' passed since the Germans left this
historic town, and already Namur is
rapidly slipping back into the groove it
occupied before the war. The people
have some stories of Prussian despot
ism to relate, as have the residents of
other occupied places, but on the whole
Namur seems to have fared well, com
pared with other towns near the fight
ing line.
The forts are as they were left after
the enemy's bombardment on the first
daj'3 of the conflict. The railway sta
tion and some neighboring buildings
have suffered from allied bombing.
Otherwise the town is practically un
scathed. Restaurants today were serving ex
cellent and varied meals at reasonable
prices, much lower than in Brussels,
for example, where an ordinary dinner
costs from nine to ten dollars.
Namur, like Brussels, spent a couple
days in the wildest celebration, as soon
as the Germans left, the people dancing
and singing through the streets all
night, following the enemy's departure.
Gave Prisoners Fatai Work
The residents tell or a characteristic
German trick of working British pris
oners in iiv oniy place winch was a
military objective for British bombers.
Prisoners were forced to labor in the
railway station, which was provided
with only sufficient dugouts for the
protection of German soldiers. As a
result, a considerable number of British
were killed by their own comrades.
In the last days of the Boche occu
pation, marked depression was caused
nmong the troops by the British pro
pacanda, which was dropped on the
town. the Germans became con
vineed of the truth of the British state
ments of the allied victories, and the
German failures, especially the sub
marine campaign. toon, tnere was a
change in the men's attitude toward
the high command and the continuance
! oi the war.
(Republican A. P. Leased Wire
rrTTSRURG, Nov. 26 Ex-President
lait intends to "hammer away on the
league of nations idea." He made this
declaration today, after he arrived for
an aouress before the chamber of com-
He waved aside impatiently the sug
restion that such a league would
threaten the sovereignty of existing
ino treaty has even been made in
inn past, ho ailded, "in whirh these
nations have not. in making these
treaties, sacniiced some of their sov
ereignty." v hen asked if he thought a league
nations would prevent wars in the
wiiurr, ne replied:
TtTe Is always the human piemen
to bo reckoned with, even among na
tions. A league of nations will reduce
the probability of war."
MISSOULA. Mont, Nov. 26. Paul
Logan Dorn blazer, for two seasons
captain of the University of Montana
football team, and prior to that time
a rwr.iber of the Hyde Park high
school football team of Chicago, which
toured the United States several sea
sons ago, died of wounds received in
action in France, on October 8. accord
ing to word received by relatives here
today. i
Officer Gave
Trouble; Cast
Him Overboard
GRANTON, Firth ef Forth, Scot
land, Nov. 26. (By the Associated
Press) That overbearing German
naval commanders are receiving
short shrift from their men is indi
cated in a story related here today.
Asked by a British officer who
examined a German torpedo boat
destroyer where the commander of
the vessel was, the junior officer
"Oh, he gave us some trouble four
days ago, so we threw him over.
The story was confirmed by a
representative of the German work
men's and soldiers' council on board
the destroyer.
Men of One Army Section
Used For Replacement
Few Will Return With
Original Personnel It Is
WASHINGTON, Nov. 26. News
from France today that the twenty
seventh and thirtieth divisions, which
have been fighting with the British
fourth army, have been withdrawn
with only approximately 12,500 of
ficers and men in each, does not mean
that these organizations have been
reduced to less than half of their nor
mal strength in the severe fighting
on the British front before the sign
ing of the armistice.
Army officers recalled today that
only the infantry and machine gun
units of these divisions went into ac
tion with the British forces, the ar
tillery being used elsewhere. It also
was regarded as more than probable
that the infantry and machine gun
units were reduced in number so as to
make the division conform in size to
the British division, with which they
were operating.
The British divisional unit numbers
about 12,500 men. The twenty
seventh division is the New Tork Na
tional Guard division, commanded by
Major General John F. U'Ryan, -the
only national guard officer to have
served through the war with that high
rank. The thirtieth division was com
posed of the Tennessee. North Caro
lina, and South Carolina national
guard ind was known as the "wild
cat" division,
28th and 70th Fought Bravely
Both these organizations saw heavy
action with the British, and were
highly commended by British officers
for their desperate fighting, when Mar
shal Haig's armies were smashing the
Hindenburg line in northern France,
early in the fall and later engage
ments. Their losses undoubtedly have
been heavy, but it is not regarded as
probable that half their original
strength figured in the casualty lists.
so far as known here, no date for
the return of these or any other di
visions from France has been fixed
Secretary Baker said today none of
the divisional organizations would ar
rive home before Christmas as the
transport facilities will be used in
moving casuals and sick and wounded
When the divisions do return from
France they will bear' little resem
blance in enlisted personnel, to the
same divisions wnen tney started
overseas. Application of the one army
theory to all the forces, and the sys
tems of replacement employed to fill
gaps in front line organizations, will
be found to have obliterated, to
large degree, the lines which, before
their departure, divided the divisions
into nation guard,, national army or
regular organizations.
This fact was sharply illustrated
today by news from France that the
76th division had reached its embarka
tion, port on the other side, with
full strength of 61 offices' and 1,000
men. It went over filled substantially
to full strength of 2,000.
76th Is Badly Scattered
The report today from France shows
that not only have 26,000 of the 27,000
men of the original 76th been scat
tcred in the fighting army, but that
probably a large number of additional
men passed through its ranks in the
same way. The division itself was
never in action or near the front, but
it is evident that the bulk of its orig
inal prsonnel saw action in other di
It may be that the extraordinary
depletion in the ranks of the 76th di
vision, represents casualties suffered
by 'the 26th division, the New England
national guard force, that was first
of the troops, other than those of the
regular army to reach France. This
division saw heavy fighting in many
sectors, and won an enviable reputa
tion. Its casualties are certain to
have been heavy, and it is quite likely
that it was kept at righting strength
by replacement drafts from the 76th
division, which was composed largely
of men from the same part of the
country. If that is true, the 26th, when
that does come home, will appear more
like the old 76th, than anything else,
for the bulk of its personnel will have
been drawn from that source.
Kven if the men of the 76th have
not gone into the 26th, but have been
scattered among other divisions, it is
obvious that the replacement system
has served to break up almost entirely
the localized character of the original
divisions. All of the active units are
filled with men from the selective ser
vice, national guard and regular army
indiscriminately, and had the war
continued, the whole army would have
bee nwelded together In this fashion,
until there was no possibility of dis
tinguishing' between the units except
by number.
VERMILLION, S. P., Nov. 26. CoL
B. J. Walaee, well known in South
Dakota, died in France November 6 of
wounds received in action, according to
advices received here.
He commanded the sixtieth artillery
regiment. He had been in the regular
army since the Spanish American war
He was born in South Dakota.
PARIS, Nov. 26 (By the Associated
Press.) A league of nations is likely
to figure before the peace conference
at an early stage of the proceedings,
instead of being relegated to the close,
after the territorial aspirations of the
various powers are settled.
Two distinct viewpoints have de
veloped on this subject. The American
view is that the coming congress will
not be like the Vienna congress, which
devoted itself principally to arranging
what each power should receive as a
result of the Napoleonic upheaval. Ac
cording to the American view the pres
ent war was based on certain rngn
ideals, and was not a struggle for ter
ritorial gains.
Therefore, it is maintained, ideals
should come before territorial aspira
tions of the congress, and these ideals,
having been first defined, should there
after be the main guide in national as
pirations. One of the chief of these ideals, it
is pointed out, was to prevent future
warfare, and a league of nations has
been generally and officially accepted
as the most practical organization for
accomplishing that ideal. It is there
fore held that this should be one of the
first subjects considered and shouW
set a standard of ideals for other sub
jects following.
Americans Hold Ideals First
It can be stated this American view
of procedure has found warm support
ers in England and France, though
there is also another viewpoint which
clings to the old procedure under the
Vienna congress, whereby individual
aspirations for territory should have
first consideration.
Those urging that territorial ques
tions should come first, say it is highly
desirable to sign a peace treaty em
bodying the essential details at the
earliest possible moment, so as to
terminate the official war period, un
der which troops are held for the dura
tion of the war and railroads, tele
graphs and other public utilities are
similarly affected until peace is de
clared. According to this view, an
early peace agreementn essentials,
would release the armies, including the
American troops holding the occupied
Having secured an early agreement
on territorial and other practical de
tails, it is suggested the larger gen
eral questions, like a league of nations,
could come up later for extended dis
cussions, either by the peace congress
or a separate international congress to
formulate the working details of the
league. This view is chiefly held by
those favoring the old Vienna congress
procedure, of individual claims first,
while the American viewpoint is dis
tinctly favorable to establishing ideals
first, as the guiding principle of the
Brazil Sends Delegates
PARIS, Nov. 26. The appointment
of the Brazilian delegates, Nilo Pe
canha, the foreign minister, and Ruy
Barbosa, ambassador to Argentina, is
leading to a discussion as to what ex
tent the South American countries will
support a league of nations and the
effect of the league on the Monroe
Doctrine. It is the general understand
ing that the South American republics
have the same favorable attitude to
ward a league as the allies.
Vt hether a league of nations, in
which Europe would be largelv repre
sented, would extend its authority to
the western hemisphere, including
South, Central and North America, is
not clear, but the prevailing view is
that its authority would be universal.
It is said this would not be a sub
stitution of. the league's authority for
the. Monroe Doctrine in South American
affairs, but rather an extension of the
Monroe Doctrine, whereby joint inter
national action would supplement and
reinforce the Monroe Doctrine.
PARIS, Xov. 26. (By the Associated
Press.) When the American delegates
and their staffs of specialists arrive in
Paris for the peace congress they will
find a complete chancellory organized
for them. This is being arranged un
der the direction of Joseph C. Grew,
former counsellor of the American em
bassy in Vienna, who came to France
with Colonel House but who now is
specially concerned with preparing for
the American delegation.
Divisions of international law, geo
graphy, economies, personnel, and in- I
telligence already have been organized
and when the staffs arrive, every man
will have his place in divisions ready
to function.
The divisions of, international 4aw
and of geography probably will be the
most important branches, bearing di
rectly on the work of the peace con
gress. The geography section will be
concerned with the boundaries of new
Europe. For this purpose it has as
sembled an exceptionally complete col
lection of maps, showing all stages of
development and change in the various
countries affected by the war.
The international law section em
braces legal advisers who have assem
bled much material on all international
questions which will be placed before
the congress. The intelligence section
deals especially with present condi
tions in the various countries.
Much of this preparatory work has
been done by an executive committee
under Colonel House.
The work of this committee was
done with a large force of experts at
the American rographical society in
New York, but the results are taking
practical form In the American, organ
ization for the congress.
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
DENVER, Nov. '21 In a gun fight
between four men, in two motor cars,
and Deputy Sheriff George Dugan, of
Weld County, which occurred late to
day, near New Raymer, Nicholson
Chieveree of Denver was killed. An
other man was wounded seriously. Re
and two companions escaped.
Dugan's motor car was disabled by
bullets and he was forced to give up
the chase. He reported that he found
eleven cases of liquor in one of the cars,
after it had been abandoned. The bodv
of Chieveree was in this car.
OF .!( mm
National Purchase On Eng
lish Terms Said To Have
Been Agreed Too Valu
able For Service To Lose
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, Nov. 26. The Unit
ed States government has refused to
approve -the proposed transfer to a
British syndicate of the vessels now
under British registry, owned by the
International Mercantile Marine cor
poration. Bainbridge Colby, of the
shipping board, in making this an
nouncement tonight, said the govern
ment had offered to take over the
ownership of these vessels upon the
terms of the British offer.
The vessels concerned in the British
.syndicate's offer number approxi
mately 85, of an aggregate tonnage of
730,000 gross tons. They include some
of the most important now engaged in
the trans-Atlantic service, such as the
Olympic and others of familiar names.
This formal statement was issued at
the office of the shipping board:
"Announcement was made at the
shipping board that the International
Mercantile Marine corporation had to
day been advised of the government's
disinclination to give its approval to
the proposed transfer to a British syn
dicate of the American ownership
which has for years been vested in the
International Mercantile Marine cor
poration, of the latter' s vessels now
under British registry.
"Bainbridge Colby of the shipping
board stated an offer by a British
syndicate to acquire from the Interna
tional Mercantile Marine corporation
the tonnage in question, has been un
der consideration for some time. The
offer was expressly conditioned upon
its approval by both the United States
and British governments. The nego
tiations he. further stated, had been
carried on by the International corpo
ration with entire frankness, so far as
the government is concerned, and the
decision reached is due to the reluc
tance felt that an ownership which has
so long been held in this country, cov
ering so important a tonnage, should
at this time, and under the conditions
now prevailing in shipping throughout
the world, be suffered to pass out of
American hands.
"The vessels immediately concerned
in the syndicate's offer are approxi
mately S3 in number, and aggregate
730.000 gross tons, or, in their dead
weight equivalent about 1,000.000 tons.
They include some of the most im
portant vessels now engaged in trans
Atlantic service, such as the Olympic
and many other vessels of large type
and familiar names.
. .-"The government has announced iU-
willingness to take over the ownership
of these vessels upon the terms of the
British offer, which is considered a
fair iprice for tonnage of this excep
tional character.
"Notification has been sent to the
International Mercantile Marine cor
poration of the government's deci
sion." Negotiations for some of the ships
have been under way for some weeks,
and a few days ago the shipping board
requested the' International Mercantile
Marine corporation to take no further
steps, looking to consummation of the
deal, until-the government could reach
a decision.
WASHINGTON, Xov. 26. Soldiers
who have been incapacitated in over
seas service and who are convalescing
in this country will be assembled at 27
camps for organization into convalesc
ent detachments. General orders is
sued today by the war department pro
vide for the formation of these detach
ments and the abandonment of the
practice of transferring convalescent
men from overseas to development
The convalescent men will be sent to
camps nearest their homes. The order
It is the intention to discharge all
overseas convalescents as soon as pos
sible, consistent with maximum physi
cal improvement."
Intensive treatment and training for
the detachments will be undertaken,
the order provides, so that the cure or
maximum improvement of the men, and
their subsequent discharge, may be ac
complished in the shortest possible
The camps in which the detachments
will be formed are:
Beauregard, Custer, Devms, Dix,
Dodge, Funston, Gordon, Grant, Han
cock, Jackson, Kearny, Lee, Lewis,
MacArthur, McClelland, Meade, Logan,
Pike, Sevier, Shelby, Sherman, Sheri
dan, Taylor Travis, Upton, Wadsworth
and Wheeler.
TION, Nov. 26. (By the Associated
Press) Bad feeling has developed be
tween the Prussians and Bavarians in
the German army withdrawing before
the American army of occupation. Re
sponsibility for the loss of the war is
one of the chief causes of dissension
according to reports. The trouble is
said to have reached such a stage that
the Bavarians and Prussians refused
to divide their rations with each other,
or to share billets.
The Prussian officers continue to
contend they are returning home with
the hope of being able eventually to
bring about the reinstatement of the
former emperor to power.
The soldiers of a German division,
according to reports reaching the
Americans, said they favored a mon
archy. The ex-emperor continues to
be a popular idol, according to their
views.' The men said they believed
William Hohenzollern eventually would
be returned to the throne, when the sol
diers reached home and their influ
ence was felt throughout the country.
.Beyond Treves the withdrawing Ger
man troops are being received with
open arms by the civilians in the vil
lages. This is reported by British sol
diers reaching the American lines.
Everywhere, the Britishers said, the
civilians had strung signs of welcome
over the village streets and were re
cciving the German soldiers as heroes.
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
LONDON, Nov. 26. It is understood
the question of the extradition of the
former German emperor is being son
sidered by British law ofllcers of the
crown, who are working in close eo
opueration with the French authorities.
Action in the premises was taken im
mediately alter the flight of the former
emperor to Holland.
The Evening News says it under
stands the law officers have concluded
that the allies are entitled, to demand
the extradition of the former emperor
and trat this decision applies also to
individuals who have committed, o:
given instructions for the commission
of, extraditable crimes.
It is added that Holland takes the
view that she has not the power to sur
render such persons without the con
sent of Germany.
The French premier, M. Clemenceau,
recently requested of Charles Lyon
Caen, dean of the faculty of law of the
University of Paris, an opinion on the
possibility of the extradition of William
Hohenzollern. M. Lyon-Caen asked to
be given time to prepare a decision.
One of the leading French authori
ties on international law, Eduard CIu
net, is reported to have advanced the
opinion that it was impossible to de
mand the one time emperor's extra
dition. The former emperor has been In
dicted three times for murder in Eng
land, in connection with the sinking of
the Lusitania, German aerial raids and
the shelling by warships of unfortified
east coast towns.
o- i
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
DENVER. Colo.. Nov. 26. Seventeen
deaths and 417 new case of Spanish
influenza was the record of the malady
in Denver for the last 24 hours.
Dr. 'William H. Sharpley, manager of
health, said he believed the crest of
the second wave had been reached.
and that there soon would be a sub
After a conference at the state house
tonight, between Governor J. C. Gun-
ter. Mayor" W. F. R. Mirta, Dr. E. E.
Kennedy, secretary of the state board
of health, and Dr. W. H. Sharpley,
city manager of health, at which the
influenza situation in Denver was dis
cussed, mayor Mills announced that it
had been decided to enforce rigidly the
most recent orders regarding the wear
ing of influenza masks in this city.
These orders provide that every per
son employed in establishments where
they come in contact with the public,
must wear influenza masks, and that
not more than 65 passengers may be
carried at one time by any street car.
- Salt Lake Controls It
SALT LAKE CITY, Xov. 26. Con
trol of the influenza epidemic through
out Utah seems to have been nearly
accomplished, according to Dr. T. B.
Beatty, state health commissioner. Re
ports from all sections indicate that
the pandemic condition is on the down
ward curve.
From Ogden, the second largest city
in the state, come reports that are not
so favorable, but drastic efforts are
being made there to curb the epidemic.
To Aid Eskimos
. DAWSOX, T. Y. T. 'Nov. 26. Re
ports that influenza has spread to the
native and white residents along the
northern rim of the continent, led to
he sending from here today of a spe
cial Royal Northwest Mounted Police
patrol to Fort MacPherson, near the
Arctic ocean, with masks and medi
cines for combatting the disease.
A number of deaths, reports said.
have been caused " by influenza in
Arctic districts. The patrol will travel
with sleds and dogs over a 500-mile
snow trail.
400 a Day in Vienna
IE.XA, Thursday. Nov. 21. (Rv
the Associated Press.) There has
been a diminution in the violence of
the influenza epidemic, which resulted.
at its height, in the death of 400 per
sons aauy. a ne aeaa were placed on
planus and the bodies covered with
wrapping paper and sacks, as there
was no wood available for the making
of coffins, and no workmen to con
struct them, had wood been obtain
BRUSSELS, Sunday. Nov. 24.-r-fBv
the Associated Press) The love which
Belgium bears toward America and the
deep regard in which the United States
minister, Brand Whitlock, is held were
evidenced in an unprecedented wav
yesterday at the famous Church of
Sainte Gudule during a service of
tnanusgiving for Belgium's newly
iouna ireeaom.
The old church was crowded and the.
royal family, members of the cabinet
and the diplomatic corps weer present.
j.ne service was the most imnressive
ana ocautimi ever seen in Brussels.
most or the great congregation being
movea to wars.
At the conclusion of the Te Deum. a
oana wnicn naa been especially nro
vmea siariea to piay the Belrian na..
tional anthem. But their overwrought
emotions quickly carried them into
cheering, which was probably the first
time in history such a thing occurred
The king and queen and Cardinal
Mercier were all acclaimed in mighty
voiurae. - men came the ringing cry,
"Vive L'Amerique!" A moment later.
as Minister Whitlock passed down the
aisle, the audience broke out with an
impassioned -Vive Whitlock!"
PARIS. Nov. 28. (Havas) The
members of the new Serbian govern
ment. at present in Paris, will leave for
Serbia November 28, as will all the
berbian deputies residing in the vari
oos entente allied countries.
Dr. Anton Korosec, president of the
national council at A gram, Croatia, will
also leave for home Thursday
New York To
Stop Display
of Red Flags
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
NEW YORK, Nov. 26.The board
of aldermen today adopted an ordi
nance prohibiting the display of red
flags at parades or public meetings
here. The measure becomes effect
ive when Mayor Hylan, wno favors
the ordinance, adds his signature.
A maximum penalty of $100 fine
and ten days' imprisonment is pro
vided for violation.
Half million Reported Iicad
To Strike In Protest
Prisoner Wants Griffin To
Iietrv Him For Murder
(.Republican A. P. Leased Wire
SAX FRAXCISCO. Xov. 26 "I fa
vor the demonstrations which are be
ing held in my behalf," said Thomas
J. Mooney in a statement today from
his cell in San Quentin prison, where
he is awaiting execution on December
13, fSllowing conviction of murder in
connection with the preparedness day
bomb explosion in San Francisco,
when ten people -were killed in July,
"The bigger these demonstrations
are, the better I like them. I want, a
new trial before Judge Franklin Grif
fin," Mooney added, "as I believe he
logically is the judge best qualified to
try the case."
Griffin was the trial judge in the
Mooney case and sentenced him to
death. Judge Griffin has since been
active in an effort to obtain for
Mooney a new trial.
Half Million in Protest
Oficials of the International "Work
ers Defense league, the organization
conducting the Thomas J. Mooney de
fense, today declared approximately
500.000 workers in the United States
and Canada have taken action favoring
a strike, on Mooney's behalf. .
The Brotherhoods of Railway Train
men and Locomotive Engineers are
preparing for demonstrations in four
teen southern states, to be directed
from Atlanta, Ga., and mass meetings
of workers will be held on December
3, to plan demonstrations in Xew York
and Newark. X. J., the defense league
has been advised.
Strike actions, it was said, have been
taken by unions in Seattle, Atlanta,
Binghamton. X. T.: Brooklyn, Newark,
Boston. Portland, Ore., Tacoma, Oakr
land San Francisco and elsewhere.
Stephens to Hear Labor
SACRAMEXTO, Cal.. Xov. 26. Fol
lowing a conference today with State
Labor Commissioner John H. Mc
Laughlin. Governor Wiliam D. Steph
ens authorized the announcement that
he w ill meet at his office, tomorrow, a
commitee of ten from the San Fran
cisco Labor council, for an informal
discussion of the case of Thomas J.
Mooney, under sentence of death for
In extending an invitation to the
commitee, Governor Stephens declared
he discussion will not be public and
neither newspaper reporters nor attor
neys shall be present.
Oil Workers Help
EL PASO. Nov. 26. Resolutions de
claring in favor of a general strike.
nd the tie-up of the oil industry, in
he event of the execution of Thomas
J. Mooney. under sentence of death in
connection with the San Francisco
Preparedness day bomb murders, were
adopted todav by the International As
sociation of Oil Field, Gas. Well and
Refinery Workers of America. Noti
fication of the action was transmitted
to President Wilson and to Secretary
or Laoor Wilson. The Oil Workers'
association, which was chartered last
June by the American Federation of
Labor, is holding its first annual con
vention here. Some 40 local unions lo
cated in California, Oklahoma, Louis
(Continued on Page Two)
NEW YORK, Nov. 26. Difficulties
between Peru and Chile, which re
sulted yesterday in recall of consular
representatives by each nation from
the principal cities of its neighbor.
have bee overcome by an .apology on
tne part of the Peruvian government,
Carlos Castro Ruiz, consul general of
Chile announced here tonight.
A cablegram informing him of the
Peruvian apology was received ijnight
Dy Mr. kuiz, according to his state
ment from the Chilean minister of
foreign affairs.
The message, the consul asserted.
authorized him to anno.ince that the
Peruvian officials admitted that in
making public - reports of outbreaks
against their citizens in Iquique and
Antofagasta. Chile, they had acted on
misinformation. This was furnished.
he said, by the Poruviaa consul at
Iquique. whose authority had been
cancelled for this reason by the
Chilean government
The apology sent him from Lima,
Mr. Ruiz addeod. was wholly satisfac
tory to the Chilean officials and
"brought the misunderstanding to an
The consul general stated a series
cf messages received from Santiago
today, denied reports of anti-Peruvian
demonstrations in Chile. The cable
grams further announced the dismis
sal of the Peruvian envoy at Iquique
'Tiad provoked in Peru a certain agi
trthon that determined th: government
to authorize its consuls in Peru to re
turn home if the circumstances jus
Despite a border dispute between the
two countries, Mr. Ruiz declared, Chile
had "the utmost sympathy" for Peru
and had taken steps to watch the fron
tier, so as to prevent Peruvian revo
lutionists from receiving arms or am
munition from compatriots residing in
Chile. His government, he added, had
taken active measure to assist Peru in
maintaining a stable government.
Wickersham Says Marshall
Inherits Prerogatives
Criticises Wilson's Lack
Of Fineness Foresees
Complications Blames
Personal. Ambition
Would Create Uncertain.
Republican A. P. Leased Wh-eJ
BOSTON, Nov. 26. Vice Presi
dent Marshall, commenting to
night upon the contention of form
er Attorney General Wickersham,
in an address in New York that
the vice president would be bound
under the constitution, to assume
the presidency during President
Wilson's absence in Europe, said:
"I can state definitely and posi
tively that I shall not, of my own
volition, assume President Wil
son's office or the duties thereof,
if the president departs from the
United States to attend the peace
conference. As for the suggestion
that a joint resolution of congress
might be adopted to 'set the vice
president in motion,' this proposal
is entirely new to me, and I am
unable to commit myself as to
what I would do, if congress should
adopt such a resolution.
"In answer to the suggestion
that a court having jurisdiction
might mandamus me to assume
the duties of the president, I un
questionably would assume the
presidency if a court, having juris
diction, directed me to do so. l
have assumed, from the first, that
there was no barrier to Mr. Wil
son's leaving the country to at
tend the peace conference. I sup
ported his decision to go heartily."
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
NEW YORK. Nov. 26. George W.
Wickersham, attorney general in the
Taft administration, in an address to
night before educators, lawyers, bank
ers and merchants engaged in interna
tional trade, who are members of the
council of foreign relations, advanced
the opinion that the constitution makes
it mandatory upon Vice President Mar
shall to assume the office of president
if Mr. Wilson leaves the United States
to attend the peace conference.
The former attorney general quoted
section one of article two of the United
States constitution, which he said pre
scribed the mode of procedure in event
of' the president's "removal from of
fice, his death, resignation or inability
to discharge the duties of said office.
He maintained That absence of the
president from the seat of government
and the country "constituted an in
ability to discharge the powers and
duties of his office," within the mean
ing of the law.
According to Mr. Wickersham, the
two most important functions the
president has to perform in connection
with a session of congress, at which
time, he held, "it is the president's duty
to be at the seat cf government," are:
"First, from time to time to 'give to
congress information of the state of
the union and recommend to their con
sideration such measures as he shail
judge necessary and expedient,' and,
second, 'to consider bills which shall
have passed the house and senate, and
if he approves, to sign them and if lie
disapproves to veto them.' "
Has Vice President Power?
The ten days provided by the law
wherein the president must return a
bill or it automatically becomes law.
according to Mr. Wickersham, was in
tended "to give citizens interested in
the bill an opportunity of communicat
ing their views to him." Thus the
president, he contended, is expected al
ways to be in a position to "feel the
pulse of public sentiment," and "if he
is not within the country ho cannot
fitly discharge these duties."
A third consideration, the speaker
continued, "subsidiary to the others,
but none the less important,' is in
reference to the exercise by the presi
dent of a function in connection with
the legislature. In case of disagree
ment between the two houses, as to
time of adjournment, he said, the
president may adjourn them to such
time as he shall think proper. This
power, he admitted, has never been
exercised in the past, because the
president always has been at the seat
of government when congress was in
session, "and able to avert, by friendly
counsel and suggestion the necessity
of exercising it."
Mr. Wickersham, in these points, de
clared the absence of the president in
Europe would "constitute an inability
to discharge the powers and duties of
his office."
President Endangers Custom
"The constitution," he concluded,
does not provide who shall decide
when a disability occurs, justifying the
rice president in assuming to act as
president .... If the vice presi
dent should assume to act and should
himself veto a bill, and at the expira
tion of ten days from the date of its
passage no veto from the president
himself, in writing, should have been
received, a question would arise for the
courts to determine, as to the powers
of the vice president to act for the
TThat these questions, in the past.
never have arisen for actual decision
is a tribute to the wisdom of our presi
dents in conforming with the traditions
of their great office, with that unbro
ken custom which ripens into laws, and
in not suffering the whisperings of
personal ambition to lead them to de
part from the paths of accustomed ac
tion, thereby avoiding the creation of
new, uncertain and perhaps dangerous
questions of constitutional right and
Barrett Points to Pan-America
John Barrett, director general of the
pan-American union, another speaker,
suggested the coming peace conference
can find inspiration In the organization
and record of the union, which, ho as
serted, "had as a great league cf 21
American republics, been for many
years a going concern, doing a mighty
work for peace and, the development of
good understanding, commerce and
Mr. Barrett pointed out that since
the founding of the union in 1906, there
bad been no war between American re-

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