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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, November 30, 1918, Image 1

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VOL. NXIX., NO. 191
v I
Punishment Of Guilty And
Settlement For Damages!
Demanded Only One
Law For Criminal And
Emperors Germany Set
Precedent In Dealing With
France World Shall
Know The End Of Such
Destructive Attempts.
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
NEWCASTLE, England, Nov. 29.
In a speech delivered here this
morning. Premier Lloyd George,
dealing with the question of the re
sponsibility for the invasion of
Belgium, said the British govern
ment had consulted some of the
greatest jurists of the kingdom, and
they unanimously and definitely
had arrived at the conclusion that
in their judgment the former Ger
man emperor was guilty of an in
dictable offense, for which he
ought to be held responsible.
LONDON", Nov. 29. (British Wire
less Service) David Lloyd George, the
British prime minister, in a speech at
Newcastle today, said the victory of
the entente allies had been due to
easeless valor' of their men and that
it would be a lesson to anybody who in
the future thought they, as the Prus
sian warlords hoped, "could overlook
this little island in their reckoning."
Price Prevention j Not Vengeance
"We lire approaching the peace con
ference. " the premier continued. "The
price of victory is not vengeance nor
retribution. It is prevention. First of
all. what about those people whom we
have- received without question for
years to our shores; to whom we have
jtiven equal rights with our own sons
and daughters; and who abused that
hospitality to betray the land, to plot
against security, to spy upon it and to
gain such information as enabled the
Prussian war lords to inflict, not pun
ishment, but damage and injury on the
land that had receivedthem as guests?
Never again!"
Mr. Lloyd George said the interests
of security and fair play demanded that
it should ..be made perfectly clear that
the people who acted in this way mer
ited punishment for the damage they
Jiad inflicted.
The second question was that of in
demnities, the premier added. In every
court of justice throughout the world,
1he party which lest has had to bear the
cost of the litigation. When Germany
defeated Franc"! she established the
precedent, arid there was no doubt that
the principle was the right ,ne. Ger
many must pay the cost of the war up
to t he limit of her capacity.
Somebody Is Responsible
" There is a. third and last point,"
continued Mr. Lloyd George. "Is no
otiu to be made responsible for the
war? Somebody has been responsible
for a war that has taken the lives of
millions of the best young men of
Kurope. Is not any one to be made
responsible for that? If not, all I can
tay is that if that is the case, there is
one justice for the po.r wretched
criminal and another for kings and em
perors." Mr. Lloyd George declared in con
clusion: "I mean to see that men who did not
treat our prisoners with humanity are
to be made responsible. I want this
country to go to court with a clean
conscience, wnd she will do so. There
is not a stain on her record. We will
not be afraid to appear before any tri
bunal. "W o have sot so to act now that men
in the future who feel tempted to fol
low ihe example of the rulers who
plunged the world into this war will
know what is awaiting them at the end
ril it. We shall have to see that this
terrible war, which has inflicted so
much destruction on the world, which
arrested civilization and in many ways
Tut it liack. which ha left marks on
the minds, upon the physique and the
hearts of myriads in many lands that
this generation will not see obliterated
we must see by the action we take
now, just, fearless and rele.ntless. that
it Is a crime that shall never again bt
repeated in the history of the world."
. o
LONDON. Nov. 29. The former em-
-press of Germany arrived by train
Thursdav ut Maa-rshergcn. ilolland,
And went by automobile ty Amerongen,
w here the former emperor is staying,
according to a Rotterdam dispatch to
, th Daily Mirror.
LONDON, Nov. 29. An Amsterdam
lispatch says Augusta Victoria used a
ortnin amount of ingenuity to escape
identification, but the correspondent, in
a tramp over the muddy roads from
Marne. witnessed her departure from
the station. Notwithstanding current
reports of the serious illness of the ex
empress, the correspondent said she
looked quite well. She wore a black
hat with a veil and a pumle costume.
William Hohenzollern, her husband,
did not go to the station to meet his
wife, hut Count von Bentinek was
waiting at the station with 3 motor
,-ars. The former empress left in the
first of these, accompanied by anothei
woman, presumably the Countess
At Kevenaar the former empress was
(Continued on Page Two)
Feted, Dined And Cheered
Tenders Dinner To Poin
caire Lauds Franco-British
Commission Ideals
PARIS, Nov. 29. (Havas.) King
George, with the Prince of Wales and
Prince Albert, took a short walk in the
streets of Paris this morning and then
went to the British embassy. After
ward, they attended a luncheon at the
foreign office. The other guests weie
the allied ambassadors ia Paris, mem
bers of the French cabinet, President
Deschanel, of the chamber of deputies,
and President Dubost of the senate.
After the luncheon. King George and
the princes, accompanied by President
Poincaire, the ministers and other of
ficials, proceeded to the city hall. M.
Clemenceau, who was slightly indis
posed, was not present.
AM along the route the Icing was
greeted enthusiastically. At the city
hall several addresses were made,
welcoming the king to Paris and felici
tating him on the victory over the
Teutonic allies. King George, speak
ing in trench, thanked the govern
ment and people for their reception
and expressed satisfaction that Pans
had suffered so little from the t.lai
it had undergone.
After the king had signed the golue
book of the city of Paris, he left the
city hall and returned to the foreign
office. Again the people cheered the
monarch enthusiastically. Marshal
Joffre alsoreceived a warm receptio
trom the crowds. His carnage was
surrounded by cheering throngs, and
it was necessary for the gendarmes
to make a passage way so that the
marshal might regain his position in
the procession.
Tonight at the British embassy, king
George gave a dinner in honor of
President Poincaire. William G Shan.,
the American ambassador, and Mrs
Sharp, Colonel House and Mrs. Hous&,
and Captain Andre Tardieu, Frcncii
high commissioner in the Unite
States, were among the fifty-eight
George Praises French
PARIS, Nov. 29. (British Wireless
service) At the dinner given at Klysee
Palace last night in honor of Kins
George, the king, in proposing the
health of President Poincare said:
"It is difficult for me adequately to
express the great pleasure that I feel in
being your guest here tonight, in this
city of Paris, and in the midst of the
great nation with which, during past
years, I and my people have mingled
our sorrows and our joys and are now
triumphantly crowned by overwhelm
ing victory over the common enemy.
"We can all remember the repeated
and desperate efforts made by the Ger
man armies to reach and capture this
great capital; but thanks to the brav
ery of the splendid army and the loyal
co-operation of the allies, the aims of
the enemy have been defeated and by
the skilful direction and strategy of
distinguished Field Marshal Foch, the
troops of the Invader have been hurled
across the frontier and compelled to
sue for peace.
Mr. President, l congratulate you
and the noble French nation upon trie
great victory that has been achieved, in
which my generals and armies are
proud to have taken part. In the life
and death conflict in which our nations
have been together engaged for civili
zation, and for right against the meth
ods of barbarism, and the forces of de
struction, the French and British peo
pies have learned in unity of purpose
to appreciate each other and their re
spective ideals.
"They have created a union of hearts
and an identity of interests that I trust
will ever grow closer and contribute
materially to the consolidation of peace
and the advancement of civilization.
"Lastly, let me add one word of sym
pathy for those heroic Frenchmen ami
French women who have suffered nt
the hands of the invader, such as few-
have suffered, except in Belgium. And
let us not forget the immortal dead,
whose names will ever be enshrined 1n
one of the most glorious pages of the
history of the world.
"My soldiers have fought itnrlns all
(Continued on Page Two)
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
NEW YORK, Nov. 29. Hotels in this
city will refuse to comply with the or
der of Postmaster General Burleson,
that they charge not more than five
cents for telephone calls, according to
an announcement tonight by attorneys
for the Hotel Association of New York
The announcement said that all
members of the association have been
advised to ignore Mr. Burleson's order,
effective December 1, because. In tne
opinion of the association's attorneys,
the postmaster general "has no legal
authority to fix telephone rates in New
York state." -
Charles J. Campbell, one of the attor
neys, explained that, in his opinion, the
power to fix rates is a part of the
state's -"lice powers, and that the At
well resolution, under which Mr. Bur
leson acted in taking over the tele
Phone systems, "expressly excepts
from his jurisdiction the exercise ef the
police powers of the state."
The only authority to fix rates In
New York, Mr. Campbell declared, Is
vested in the state public service com
mission. It is claimed that the high
cost of maintaining hotel telephone
sen-ice makes the present ten cen rate
Ot Leak flint
Aww,hF Is Dtesdl
SAN DIEGO, Cal., Nov. 29. A
letter received here today by his
fiancee, Miss Mari Repson, from the
International Red Cross, says that
Frank Luke, American aviator, of
Phoenix, Arizona, who had been re
ported missing since September 29,
had just been reported dead, in a
message sent from Germany to the
Paris office of the Red Cross.
Luke started out in the rain on
the night of September 29, to attack
enemy balloons. Three were soon
afire soon after he started his flight.
He did not return.
Seaboard Terminals Chosen
Ten Months Minimum
Date For Last Arrival
Food Goes Back On Liners
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29 Boston,
New York, Newport News, Virginia,
and Charleston, South Carolina, are the
ports the war department now plans to
use for the return of the army from
overseas. Even with this wide distri
bution of the strain on port facilities
and transportation, however, and with
German ships now idle in German liar
bors employed on the task, estimates
show that the last of the army could
not possibly reach the United States
in less than eight months. Conserva
tive calculations upon which prepara
tions by the department probably will
be based, fixed ten months as the mini
These estimates have been made
wholly on the basis of the physical dif
ficulties" to be overcome, and do not
lake into Consideration the question of
the retention in Europe for some time
of an American force, which may be
agreed upon at the peace conference. If
the return movement, already in pro
gress, is continued at full speed, the
last division. In all probability, could
not raaeh the United States before Oc
tober, 1919.
Four Terminal Ports Named
Decision to route the troops to their
homes through the four ports men
tioned is understood to have been
based on two main considerations.
First, they have been equipped to han
dle the transports and the men; and
second, they are the natural gateways
to the country, each fed by an inde
pendent rail system ramifying back
through geographically independent
sections of the United States. By load
ing the ships, as far-as possible, with
men from the same general section, it
will be possible, army officers say, to
avoid cross carrying and disruption of
normal traffic in getting the soldiers
from the ships to their homes.
In estimating for transport tonnage
available for the movement, officials
have not only looked ahead to the new
ships which will be delivered during
the demobilization period by the ship
ping board, but also upon idle German
ships, including two new and large
liners reported to have been completed
except for some details of equipment.
Among the known German steamers is
the Imperator, almost as large as the
Vaterland, now the Leviathan. The
two new German liners are of approxi
mately the same size as those craft.
Kach of these four could carry nearly
10,000 men a trip.
The German vessels, eastbound after
unloading American troops, would carry
food supplies to be allotted Germany.
JUAREZ. Mexico, Nov. 29. The
Western Union Telegraph office and
many stores closed here early tonight,
fearing an attack by Francisco Villa's
command, which is somewhere be
tween Villa Ahumada, 83 miles south
of here, and the border. The garrison
troops here are prepared for an attack,
although the military officers insist
that there will he none made by the
Villa forces at this point. Jhey insist
that Villa has retired to the hills west
of Villa Ahumada, with the loot he se
cured in his raid on the stores at Villa
Ahumada, when he entered Sunday.
Rumors of fighting between the fed
eral force under the personal command
of General Francisco Murguia and the
Villa forces, near Villa Ahumada, were
in circulation here late today, but could
not be confirmed, as all rail and tele
graphic communication has been cut
near Villa Ahumada by th Villa. band.
Gen,eral Murguia is known to have left
Chihuahua City with a thousand cav
alry on board an armored train, and
expected to engage the Villa forces be
tween Montezuma and Villa Ahumada.
Confirmation of Villa's presence with
the Villa forces was received here to
night from a rancher who was held in
camp by the Villa forces last week,
prior to the attack on Villa Ahumada,
and who said he saw Villa. He esti
mated Villa's force to number 1,200,
but this is considered exaggerated. The
rancher said Villa's plan was to cap
ture the freight and passenger trains
last Monday, and to repeat his coup of
November 17, 1913, when he rode into
Juarez on a work train. The freight
train was dynamited, but the passen
ger train escaped and returned to
Juarez. This spoiled Villa's plan for a
surprise attack, and he is now believed
to be awaiting the arrival of General
Mtirguia's forces to engage them in
, stead of attacking this town.
U. S. Investigator Charged
With Violation Of Penal
Code Labor Unappeased
New York Is Aroused
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
. SAN FRANCISCO. Nov. 29. District
Attorney Charles M. Fickert announced
late today that he would seek a grand
jury indictment of J. B. Densmore, fed
eral director general of employment,
and his aids, as the result of a pub
lished report signed by Densmore
charging an attempted "frame up" in
the case of Mrs. Rena Mooney and other
alleged irregularities in civil and crim
inal cases in San Francisco courts.
In a statement Fickert said he would
ask for the indictments under sections
of the penal code that prohibit the dis
closing of telephonic or telegraphic in
formation -without proper authority
and the "tapping" of telephone and
telegraph wires. In the report portions
of private telephonic conversations, se
cured by an electrical device and by
'tapping were given.
At a meeting today the grand jury
franed a request to Governor W. D.
Stephens, that he direct Densmore to
appear before that body and tell what
he knows of the report. A certified
copy of the report also was asked for.
This action was predicated on Secre
tary of Labor W ilson s decision to
place the report and the services of
Densmore at the disposal of the gov
ernor. Both the secretary and Dens
more hold that the governor should
conduct an investigation arising from
the report.
Mooney Order to Secretary
SACRAMENTO, Nov. 29. Final ac
tion by Governor W. D. Stephens in
the case of Thomas J. Mooney, con
victed of murder of one of the ten vic
tims of the preparedness day parade
bomb explosion in San Francisco, July
22, 1916, was taken today when the for
mal order of the governor commuting
Mooney's sentence to life imprisonment
was to be transmitted to the secretary
or states office,. .. .
Governor Stephens, in a statement
accompanying the announcement of
the commutation, said it was to be the
sole comment he intended to make in
the case.
New York Labfrr Aroused
NLu YORK, Nov. 29. Asserting
that "the action of the governor of
California, in commuting the death sen
tence passed upon Thomas J. Mooney
to me imprisonment, does not in the
least degree render justice to Brother
Mooney and his co-defendants," the
Central federated union of greater
ew lork tonight adopted a resolution
demanding a new trial for the impris
oned labor leaders, "to the end that
their innocence or guilt may be proved
without the use of perjury."
Officials of the union stated the or
ganization would carry out plans for a
large demonstration meeting at Cooper
union next Thursday and that a pa
rade would be held. This demonstra
tion, it was explained, would not be
a radical one," but a trades union af
lair, and no flag but that of the United
fctates would be carried.
BLKNk. Nov. 29. (By The Associ
ated Press Food was so expensive in
Vienna, that sc meager, unpalatable and
unsatislactory meal cost from $4 up,
Clothes were so scarce, a mediocre sui
cost $,)00 and shoes $0 to $90. Com
monest necessaries were so difficult to
obtain, one had to stand in line for
hours to purchase a tiny portion at an
exorbitant price.
Such were affairs in Vienna, just be
fore the armistice was concluded, as
related to the correspondent by the last
American to leave Austria. He is
member of the diplomatic service, who
was assigned to remain at the Austrian
capital when war was declared, and has
just come to Switzerland,
No story yet told of conditions in VI
enna can even remotely approximate
actual facts, as described by this eye
witness, wnose account was given, per
haps unconsciously, a dramatic climax
by the declaration that despite the in
aescribable sufferings and hardships.
Vienna still has horse-racing, attended
by greater crowds than m peace time.
These crowds walk eight miles to the
race track and bet thousands of crowns.
instead of hundreds, as formerly. In
their feverish desire to forget the mis
ery caused by the war.
Quit Because Had To
Austria quit, declares the diplomat,
because it was a physical Impossibility
to continue further. Mot only was Aus
tna without lood, but without the com
monest necessities. It faced winter in
almost nakedness, so scarce had cloth
ing become. Before he left Vienna, the
correspondnt's informant disposed , of
nearly every article of clothing he pos
sessed. The demand for clothing may
be judged from the tact that he rea
lized from $3 to $4 each for neckties,
four years old. nnd which original!
cost $1 apiece ?100 for a ten-year old
suit, costing ?2.i; 2S0 for a tuxefio
costing $100; and $100 each for three
suits bought in Vienna, three years be
fore, and which were shiny, ragged and
worn out. Old socks, costing $1.25, and
which had been darned, sold for X,
pair. An overcoat, two and a half years
old. which cost $32, sold for $110. Badl
worn and repaired shoes, with cuts In
the upper part, brought $10 two shlrttt,
costing $4, brought $16 each soft col
lars went for $10. A three-year-old
topcou brought $46.
Dutch Consul
Quits; Against
Nation's Stand
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
DENVER, Nov. 29. John B. Gei
jsbeek, consul for Holland for the
states of Colorado. Utah and New
Mexico, announced tonight that he
had mailed his resignation to the
Dutch legation at Washington, be
cause of his government's actien in
harboring the former German em
peror and because of other acts of
The Netherlands government dur
ing the war.
Mr. Geijsbeek also said that The
Netherlands government is prepar
ing to conduct, through its consuls,
a newspaper campaign in the
United States, to "justify its action
in giving shelter and protection to
William Hohenzollern"
Mr. Geijsbeek said this campaign
has been started with a note sent
to the consuls recently, with in
structions to offer it to the news
papers for publication, by W. de
Beaufort, charge d'affaires of The
Netherlands in the United States,
explaining that the former German
emperor had entered Holland as a
private citizen and was given the
same refuge available to all foreign
In his letter of resignation, which
Mr. Geijsbeek said was mailed to
night, after he had telegraphed the
legation that it was on the way, the
consul said:
"This step is necessary for the
reason that it is becoming increas
ingly difficult to keep silent about
the position The Netherlands gov
ernment is taking in the world's
most momentous questions
A condition is either right or
wrong, good or bad; there is ns
middle road; there is no compro
mise with error.
"Holland now voluntarily dis
pleases the entire world by giving
shelter and protection to the bone
of contention. Such a position is
incomprehensible to me and, as I
desire to regain the liberty of
speech which 25 years of Ameri
can citizenship has granted me, I
can serve the country of my birth
no longer."
War Revenue Bill Completed
Taxes On Dogs Denied
Also Big Campaign Gifts
Adopt Child Labor Rule
WASHINGTON. Nov. 29. Tiie sen
ate finance, committee tonight com
pleted revision of the war revenue bill
designed to raise six billions of dol
lars in taxes In 1919 and about four
billions in 1920. The measure as vir
tually rewritten to meet changed con
ditions attending the end or the war,
now goes to the printer and will be
reported to the senate next week,
prohably on Thursday.
The republicans lined up solidly m
opposition to inclusion of 1920 tax
rates in the bill, it was conceded that
discussion in the senate will delay the
measure, and many senators expressed
doubt if it can bo enacted before
March 3, the date of the ending of the
sixty-fifth congress.
In view of the expected delay, senate
leaders and treasury department of
ficials are concerned over collecting
taxes next year, as unless the new law
is enacted before January 1, collec
tions must be made under the present
revenue expedients, including adoption
of emergency legislation, are under
Minority May Not Report
Senator Simmons said tonight he
doubted whether republicans would
file a minority report, attacking the
1920 tax program, but might content
themselves with vigorous .opposition
to that proposal on the floor of tne
In completing the bill today, the
finance committee adopted an amend
ment establishing new second-class
postage rates, effective when the rev
enue bill becomes law. It provides for
repeal of tbe present graduated zone
rates on newspapers, magazines and
other periodicals, and substitutes
rate of one cent per pound, within an
area of 200 miles from mailing points.
and l'.a cents a pound outside that
The committee adopted another
amendment for restoration, on July 1,
1919, of the two cents an ounce rates
on letters, and one cent on postcards.
Some senators believe the second
class postal rate amendment will be
opposed by publishers as unjust and
discriminatory, long debate on the
subject is anticipated.
Taboo Dog Taxes
Another amendment adopted today,
and expected to cause much debate,
Imposes a tax of ten per cent on pro
ducts of child-labor, which are trans
ported In interstate commerce. The
amendment is designed to accomplish
the purpose of the law recently de
clared unconstitutional by the supreme
court, tinder which products of child
labor were barred from interstate com
merce. Amendments rejected today by the
committee included one by Senator
Thomas of Colorado, levying a tax of
100 per cent on campaign contribu
tions in excess of $500. and another
by Senator Smoot of Utah, imposing
a tax of $2.50 and $5.00 respectively
on each male and female dog.
LONDON, Nov. 29. The
tornier lierman emperor is
ill of influenza, according to
an Exchange Telegraph dis-
l patch from Amsterdam
President Conforms To Original An
nouncement Bliss Appointment
Great Surprise Each Commiss
ioner To Rank As Ambassador
White, Republican, Only Widely
Experienced Member-Lansing In
formal Leader
Wilson Not Expected To Remain
Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States.
Robert Lansing, Secretary of State.
Henry White, former Ambassador to France and Italy.
E. M. House, special representative of the United
States at the Supreme War Council.
General Tasker H. Bliss, representative of the United
States Army at the Supreme War Council
Comptroller Declares Huge
Number Not Lecral Greg
ory To Unravel Hun
dreds Of Millions Involved
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, Nov 29. The gov
ernment's maturing program for can
celling big war orders, with the mint
mum of disturbances to business condi
tions, was thrown into confusion today
by a decision of Comptroller Warwick
of the treasury, that thousands of or
ders placed by telegram, telephone-or
mail are not legally binding, and that
consequently, they may not be recog
nized through the negotiation of termi
nating contracts, without special legis
lation by congress. Otficials estimated
that hundreds of millions of dollars In
contracts are involved.
At the same time Secretary Baker
announced that the war department
will direct its own cancelling of con
tracts "in a spirit of fairness and help
fulness to all concerned."
To Ask Gregory To Adiust
Attorney General Gregory will be
asked to pass on this apparent conflict
between tbe law, as strictly interpreted
by Comptroller Warwick, whose au
thority grows out of his supervision of
payments from the treasury, and the
desire of the war department to ter
minate contracts both these backel
up by formally signed documents, and
those undertaken on informal agree
ments by making seme sort of a lump
sum payment to the contractor.
If legislation is found to be necessary,
it is Raid an attempt will be made to
rush it through congress immediately,
to avoid holding up the government's
great industrial demobilization and re
adjustment plans.
Comptroller Warwick has explained
that a contract, to be legal, must "be
reduced to writing with the names of
the parties signed at the end" and that
"a signing by proxy is considered by
this oliice as nt permissible."
Thousands Are Invalid
Thousands of contracts have been
signed in this manner, by proxies of
the army officers duly authorized by
the secretary of war. The name of the
officer, in these cases, was typewritten
at the end of the contract, and minor
officer actually signed on behalf of the
authorized contracting officer. The only
documents many manufacturers havt?
to support their contracts, consist of
letters instructing them to proceed
with certain orders for war materials,
at certain prices, or on the basis of a
pecentage of profit, bearing the signa
ture of a subordinate officer, beneath
the Ivped name of the real contracting
officer. It was explained that in the
rusli of war preparations, this system
was necessary in the Interest of speed.
The comptroller found other faults
with the proposed contract, inasmuch
as it failed to reserve to the govern
ment, rights to recover overpayments
or to credit the value of materials re
maining property of the contractor.
The Republican will be ably in
formed of the deliberations of the
peace council in Paris. There will
be no cable censorship and import
ant information developing 'during
the day and up to midnight (Paris
time), will be published the follow
ing morning in The Republican's
columns. The following capable
staff of the Associated Press will
prepare the news for Phoenix
Melville E. Stone, general man
ager, , . , t ,
Elmer Roberts, chief of Pans
Robert M. Collins, chief of Lon
don Bureau.
Salvatore Cortesi, chief of Rome
L. C. Probert, chief of Washing
ton bureau.
S. B. Conger, former chief of Ber
lin bureau.
Charles L. Thompson, Charles L.
Kloeber, Edwin M. Hood. Robert
Berry, F. B. Grundy, J. A. Bouman,
Burge McFall. James P. Howe,
Phillip M. Powers. Stuart Maroney,
S. F. Wader and T. T. Topping.
n o
of Quintett
Republican A. P. teased Wire
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29. The rep
resentatives of the United States at the
peace conference will be:
President Wilson.
Robert Lansing, secretary of
Henry White, former ambassa
dor to France and Italy.
E. M. House.
General Tasker H. Bliss, rep
resentative of the American army
with the supreme war council at
This announcement was made to
night at the White House. In the
absence of any official explanation
it was assumed that the president
goes as president of the United States,
and that Secretary Lansing, Mr. While
and Colonel House, and possibly also
General Bliss, will be delegates with
ambassadorial rank.
It was recalled that the president'"
announcement stated that he would fcu
to France '.'for the purpose of taking
part in the discussion and settlement
of the main features of the treaty of
peace," and that it was not likely that
he could remain throughout the ses
sions of the peace conference, and tbt'
he would be "accompanied by dele
gates who. will sit as the- representa -tives
of the United States throughout
the conference."
Announcement Made
The White House announcement fol
lows: "It was announced at the executive
offices tonight that the representative o
of the United States at the peace con
ference would be: the president iim
self, the secretary of state, the Hop.
Henry White, recently ambassador t
France, Mr. Edward II. House, and
General Tasker H. Bliss.
It was explained that it had not beer,
possible to announce these appoint
ments before, because the numbot of
representatives each of the chief bel
ligerents was to send, had, until a
day or two ago, been under discu.,
sion. White House officials would ad.'t
nothing to the formal statement, aii'i
no one professing to be in tne confi
dence of the president would talk.
There was only one surprise in the
statement the appearance of the rant
of General Rliss as one of the repre
sentatives. It had been taken for
granted that the general military rep
resentative of the United States oi
the supreme war council would tak
part in the discussions at Versailles
but the general idea Jiad been he wuulu
he attached tr the delegation in
military capacity, just as Aiimiiv.l
Benson prohably will lie presented as
spokesman of. the navy, in the great
naval problems to be solved.
Only yesterday, callers at the White
House gained the distinct impression
that there would he but three nccn.l
ited delegates of full rank. It wa-
suggested tonight that the name of
General Bliss probably was added at
the last moment, upon receipt of in
formation that the allied powers would
include a military man among their
President to Leave Early
The premiers of Great Britain.
France, and Italy are expected to at
tend the peace conference as repre
sentatives of their governments, but.
like the president, may cot remain
throughout the conferences. The gen
eral understanding here is, that p;es
ent plans are 1o have the conference
first agree to the broad principles of
the treaty, and leave the working 01.I
of details to further sittings.
This would enable the president and
the entente premiers speedily to return
to their capitals, so as to give their
persona! attention to affairs of state.
Secretary Lansing, who heads the
delegation proper, became secretary of
state on June 1.), 191, when William J.
Bryan resigned, rather than sign a
note to Germany in the Lusitania case,
which be thought might lead to war.
During the three and a half years that
have followed, Mr. Lansing has con
ducted many difficult negotiations for
the country, as a neutral and as a
belligerent, and his name appears on
all the historic documents, telling the
story of. America's entry into the war,
as well as those answering Germany's
peace pleas, which preceded the down
fall of the central alliance. At the time
of his appointment, he was counsellor
of the state department, after a career
as an international lawyer which had
established his reputation as one of the
foremost American authorities on this
White Is Only Republican
Mr. White, the republican of the del
egation.' is a diplomat of long experi
ence, who began as secretary of the
American legation in Vienna, in 1SS4.
He served as secretary of embassy nt
various ' capitals, represented the
United States at several great interna
tional gatherings and in 1905 was ap
pointed ambassador to Italy by Presi
dent Roosevelt. Two years later he
was made ambassador to France,
where he remained until 1909. His last
public service was in 1910. when Presi
dent Taft sent him to Chile as special
ambassador of the United States at
(he celebration of the ctentenary of
Chilean independence.
Colonel House has never heldpubllc

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