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AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL T WE NT Y-NTNTI I YEAR 14 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 13, 1918 14 PAGES VOL. XXIX, XO. 201 THE AM ICAN EXECUTIVES IF IADS AGAINST HOD Hi Senators Believe McAdoo Is Making Test, Preliminary To Permanent National Control Committees Meet To Prepare Legisla tionPlan Is par Prom Agreeable. lH 1 TA DKL.P I U A , Dec. 12. Railroad executives .representing 1-4 roads and 92 percent of tin- mileage of the coun try tonight e;ivp out a formal state ment in which they declared that Di rector General McAdoo's suggestion that the government retain control of the railroads until January. 13-. "would simply lead to delay and eon fusion, demoralization of the organi zation, of the roads, both on their cor porate and operating sid.?, and defer indefinitely a satisfactory settlement" of the railroad prohlem. The executives, the statement said, have reached the conclusion that "there is sufficient time under the term of the present act to consider fully the railroad situation in all its aspects and arrive at a plan that would be just to the country." The statement was given out by Thomas Lie Will Cuyler, Philadelphia, chairman of tl;e railway executives' advisory committee, now known as the Association of Railway Execu tives. The association is considering problems that will arise in connection with the return of the railroad proper ties to their private owners. Congress Gets Interested WASHINGTON, Dec. 13. Recom mendation of Director General McAdoo that government control of railroads be continued to January 1, 1924, gave impetus today to congressional consid eration of legislation looking to a solu tion of the railway problem, and also was the subject of a brief debate in the senate. The. senate interstate commerce committee was called 1o meet next Thursday to discuss Mr. McAdoo's letter and other phases of the general railroad subject, while the house com mittee will meet tomorrow with the expectation that the director-general's recommendation will be taken up. Aside from the opposition voiced by Senator Kellogg of Minnesota, repub lican, on the floor of the senate today, many members, both republicans and democrats, were said to have ex pressed disapproval of Mr. McAdoo's proposal, but none of them spoke for publication. Senator Kellogg charged that Mr. McAdoo really proposes a five-year test, looking to permanent government ownership of the carriers, and added that if government control is extended lor five years, it would be impossible to return the. roads back to private ownership. Has Wilson's Approval Senator Smith of South Carolina, chairman of the senate commerce com mittee, declared that Mr. McAdoo's proposal was merely a personal opin ion, probably of unusual weight, but not conclusive upon congress, to which ('resident Wilson has submitted the question. Senator Kellokg then asked how President Wilson's approval for the five-year extension had been secured, when t lie president. In his address to congress, had disclaimed having any judgment on handling the railroad question. Dirertnr (ieneral McAdoo explained today to callers his belief that it would be well to take the railroad question out of politics at this time, oven though it might become an issue in the 19:20 campaign, when a congress is to be elected, lfe emphasised that it would be impracticable to continue govern ment operation of railroads for 2 months after peace is declared because of the. threatened disturbance of rail road employes' morale, the interfer ence by state authorities, and the in ability to prosecute a program of ex tensive improvements. (Continued on Page Two) NEWSEPITOFilE FOREIGN Kilties raise a broad grin when they cross into Germany Challenge comes from Sir Thomas Lipton to raise the Victoria oup. Wilson reaches Brest, France, today, where dignitaries. are ready to meet him. Second man in history to cross Andes mountains, does so gracefully. DOMESTIC Socialists in fight for freedom before Judge Landis in Chicago. Demand is made to build an Ameri can navy that will be second to none in world. Railroad executives are opposed to five-year extension of national control. Bethlehem Steel company' demands that wage control be returned to them. "Silent" defense of I. W. W. is broken to make a protest to iudae. Doctors in Chicago adjourn without any concerted plan to combat, in fluenza. Colorado having a jolly time trying to get "dry" law into action. LOCAL Phoenix man named on committee in charge of reconstruction of fam ous inn at Furness, Belgium, de stroyed by German shells. Public schools may not reopen on Monday, December 16. Mining man of Sinaloa, Mexico, vis iting in city, see bright future in mining of old Mexico. t Brancford Marshall, charged vith murder, will place his fate in hands """ of jury today, Friday, the 13th. Nurse brought back from Miami to face larceny charge, and who at- tended at Dr. John A. Lentz home, charges trouble to overwork. Went Long Way To Send This Message Home SAN FRANCISCO. Dec. 12. Fred T. Colter, democratic candi date for governor of Arizona, de feated by Thomas Campbell, re publican, in the fall election by 339 votes, said tonight he did not plan to contest Campbell's elec tion. "An election contest might re sult again in unseating Campbell," Colter explained. "Another contest would unsettle conditions in Ari zona for several months, probably a year, and I feel that I cannot be responsible for any action that would be against the best interests of the state." Campbell was elected governor two years ago by a majority of less than 100 votes. After holding office for one year, he was unseat ed in a contest filed by Governor George W. P. Hunt. Colter is recuperating from an attack of influenza. kiltiesIsFgi AS T TO GO OVER RHINE Big Bridge Found Fortified People Not Unfriendly Curiosity Get's Better Of Them At Last COLOGNE, Sunday, Dec. 8. (By the Associated Press) British troops to day were in possession of all the great bridges across the Rhine at Cologne, as a result of, the sudden and unexpected withdrawal of German sentries from the eastern end of the crossings dur ing the night. British soldiers yesterday were pa trolling two-thirds of each bridge while the Germans were keeping their beats over the remaining third. About 10 o'clock last night it was noticed that the Germans bad disappeared and in vestigation showed they had departed, presumably to rejoin the retiri; Teu tonic army. In going the Germans cut the. elec tric w ires in the .towers on their end of the bridge, leaving the eastern side in darkness. There was no other reason for this, according to army of ficers, than to cause annoyance to the British if possible. The arrival of Scotch infantry in the city late today, caused the- greatest excitement among thesightseers. as the kilties swung through the streets be hind the wailing bagpipes. See Strange Soldiers Thousands of folk hastily collected to see the strange soldiers in skirts, of whom Cologne had heard with un believing ears. So eagerly did the people press for ward that at times traffic was prac tically halted. Certainly for a mo- (Continued on Page Two) o A DENVER, Dec. 12. Failure for a second time on the part of Governor Julius C. Gunter to obtain a quorum of the canvassing board for the certi fication of the vote on the state "bone dry", prohibition amendment and the sending of telegraphic notices by Sec retary of State James E.. Noland to all county clerks advising them to cease issuing liquor permits under the Horton law, were the chief features oT the day's developments in the ef forts of prohibition workers to have the View prohibition law made immedi ately effective. Can t Get Quorum , Advised by the attorpey general that his certification of the results of the election would be sufficient, provid ing a quorum of the state canvassing board signed a valid certificate of de termination, Governor Gunter this afternoon attempted to obtain a legal meeting of the board by going with Attorney General Leslie M. Hubbard to the home of State Treasurer Robert' H. Higgins, where the latter is ill of influenza. A meeting in gauze masks was proposed, but Mr. Higgins' doctor refused to give his assent to such a step and said his patient was in too critical a condition to warrant it The governor has accordingly telegraphed State Auditor Charles Leckenby, an other member of the canvassing board, who is, at .his home in Steamboat Springs, asking him to return to Den ver for a meeting of the board, which is proposed for Saturday morning. Opinions Differ Meanwhile, State Secretary Noland, in keeping with his announced deter mination to take no official act which might tend to keep present holders' of liquor permits from receiving goods ordered and in transit, has sent tele grams to all county clerks advising the mto cease issuing permits, so there may be approximately a week of grace between the issuance of the last per mit and the enforcement of Vie new law. The express company announced to day that its attorney holds that any liquor purchased under the permi shipment and turned over to it for shipment prior to midnight of the day the new law becomes ettective can ana must be delivered. Attorney General Hubbard placs an exactly opposite construction on the law, and has de clared that all liquor in transit after the new law becomes operative is con traband and subject to seizure and confiscation. ' B FIR COLORADO HARD T ME GETTING LAW NACT ON I WILSON LANDS HERE THIS MORNING :' ;K -.'Js-.-.-i y Brest Harbor, with French warship in foreground, with turning When President Wilson lands here this morning he will be the first American president ever to steo on European soil during his .on term of office. It is here that the EQUAL OF BEST li WORLD SAYS BADGER Urges Congress To Proceed With 3-Year Program Xeed Submarines, De stroyers, Mine-Sweepers WASHINGTON. lec. 12. Neither the end of hostilities nor proposals for a league of nations has altered the policy of the general board of the navy in regard to making the navy second to none in the world. Hear Admiral Charles J. Badger, chairman of the executive committee of the board, to day told the house naval affairs com mittee that the navy should be equal to that of any other nation by 1925, and urged that sufficient appropria tions to make this possible be made by congress. "The general board believes that un der the present world conditions, and the conditions likely to obtain in the future," Admiral Badger said, "the United States navy should continue to steadily increase. Ultimately it should be equal to the most powerful main tained by anv other nation- of the world. Year hv vear develonment should be made as consistent w itlf the facilities of the country, but the limit above defined should not- be attained later than 1923. "Navies must be the principal sup port of a league of natoinS, and the United States, from its wealth, influ ence and power will be called upon to contribute a large share of the inter- (Continued Page Two) Republican A. P. Leased Wire BALTIMORE, Dec. 12. The South ern Commercial congress practically closed its general sessions tonight when, at a joint assembly on agricul tural finance and shipbuilding, a wide program, was approved. The platform adopted included twelve cardinal points, principal among which were the approbation of the Bankhead measure I for 1500,000,000, in five annual federal appropriations, for highway and post- road facilities; a gigantic increase of merchant marine, with equal distribu tion, terminal betterment and general economical trade conditions with the south as a meritorius beneficiary. The other ten points comprised the systematic approval of general condi tions, as applying to railroad rates; in ner water courses along the coast line; factors insuring cheap traffic and port development; the stimulation of indus trial enterprises;-expansion of foreign trade relations; various facilities af fecting the gulf ports and exportation therefrom to the east, through the Panama canal, and to the west by means of a shorter route provided by the proposed Florida canal; extensions of the scope of rural credits,; the es tablishment of branch reserve banks in. foreign countries; the utilization of the vast resources of the -south and other things. Senator Fletcher, chairman of the senate committee on commerce, in an address on "the essentials of sea pow er," said:, 1 "The supremacy rf no nation in the future will depend, on its military strength, its big army. Germany had that. Nor upon its naval strength its big navy. England had that, but that alone did not save her. Rather will that supremacy rest upon commer cial strength. That strength will de pend largely upon command of trans portation. That nation which produces a surplus of the prime necessities of life, which other nations must have, and operates the carriers whereby it may take that surplus, at will to, the markets of the world, and bring back the raw materials, is in the position approaching supreme power." MAKE OUR HIM AN VAST EMI IS URGE OF BBS " """" : Bretons will hail him; where dig nitaries will formally greet him; where he will begin his round of functions in Europe that will re sound throughout the civilized Is Second Man To Fly Across Andes Ranges Republican A. P. Leased Wire BUENOS AIRES, Dec. 12. Lieut. Dagoberto Godoy, of the Chilean army, this morning crossed the Andes mountains at their high est point in an Bristol airplane. The aviator left Santiago, Chile, crossed the Tupungato range at an altitude of 19,790 feet, landing at Mendoza, Argentina. Lieutenant Godoy's route was across the Uspallata pass, which carried him over the highest peaks. The tim! of the flight was one, hour and fifty-three minutes. .Lieutenant Godoy is the first Chilean, and the second man, re corded as crossing the Andes by airplane. The first flight across the mountains was made last April by Lieutenant Cendelaria of the Argentina army, who crossed at an altitude of nearly 11,000 feet. o READY ENTIRE TO ASSAULT .W.W. ORGANIZATION:! To Prove Levies California Agriculture Totalled $8, 000,000 Called for $500, 000 Wceklv Destruction I Republican A. P. Leased Wire SACRAMENTO, Cal., Dec. 12. That some of the 46 defendants in the trial of members of the Industrial Workers cf the World were instrumental in the setting of fires which caused great losses in California communities in re cent years, will be shown by evidence the government intends to introduce, Robert Duncan, special United States attorney, said today ; in the opening statement for the prosecution. The de fendants are charged with conspiracy to hamper the government's war activ ities by intimidation, strikes and other means. Thirteen ot tnem are cnargea with the setting of fires. "We will show this organization levied on the agricultural interests of California, penalties in excess of $8. 000.000," Duncan continued, "and that in the case of Ford and Suhr (prin cipal defendants in the Wheatland hop field riots in California several years ago), members of the organization in a campaign of intimidation planned to destroy property in thi state at the rate of $500,000 a week. Assault Entire I. W. W. Mr. Duncan characterized the gov ernment's case as "an assault upon the entire organization" of the Industrial Workers of the World. Duncan referred to a number of fam ous cases of recent years in which he asserted Industrial Workers of the World carried on a campaign "to inti midate public officials and citizens.' Among these, he said, were some which would play a prominent part in con nection with the cases here. Mr. Duncan said the prosecution would show the attitude of the at tacked organization,'' from the begin-- ning. was one of opposition to the gov ernment, and that its ultimate object was the overthrow of the government, not by political means, but by -direct and violent action." Nathan C. Coghlan, attorney of San Francisco, whom 43 of the defendants had dismissed as their counsel, ap peared when court convened after a short recess and took a seat at the de fendants' counsel table beside Miss Theodora Pollok of San Francisco, the only woman defendant, who he will represent. The defendants not repre sented by counsel had announced earlier in the day that they would ob ject to him appearing as an attorney in the trial, but they made no protest in court. Break Silence a Moment Forty-three of the defendants who have remained silent throughout the ntinued on Page Two) bridge in distance. prld. From the George Wash- mgt fiqton, anchored a mile outside, he 'will be conveyed to this water front by a naval tug, being received with the full military honors of the leader of a great nation. 15 .S.J Testimony Of Private Schil ler Tells Of Codes And Things Bergers Council Paints Him A Patriot CHICAGO, Dec. 12. Initial testi government witness in mony from a support of the charge that A ictor J congressman-elect from Mil- Berger, waukee, Adolph Germer, National sec retary of the socialist party, J. Loujs Engdahl, William F. Kruse and Rev. Irwin St. John Tucker, leading social ists, were guilty of conspiracy to vio late the espionage act, was given today before Judge Landis in United States district court. The witness whose testimony marked the actual start of the trial was Arnold A. Schiller, a Camp Grant soldier, who entered the service in September, 1917, and was a member of the 332nd field artillery. Schiller now stationed in the depot brigade at Camp Grant, was for merly a distributor employed by the American Socialist, of which William Kruse is editor. He was also a mem ber of the Young People's Socialist eague, known as "Tipseld," and much of his testimony hinged on conversa tions which he had with Kruse and other defendants, relative to -the stand to be taken by socialists who were in cluded in the draft. Repeated objections to the questions and answers were made by counsel for the defendants. Admits Pro-Germanism At one point the witness declared that Herman Easier, described as an organizer for the Young People's so cialist league, told him that he, Baslei, (Continued Page Two) NATIONAL PLAN TO T Republican A. P. Leased Wire CHICAGO. Dec. 12. Instead of definite program for fighting influenza outbreaks, the American Public Health association adjourned late today, giv ing copies to each of the health officers attending the annua) meeting of all the I medical and scientific data presented during four days and nights of dis cussions. "The various communities for. which we are working will know that we have at hand the best available information science has yet discovered concerning the disease," said Dr. Charles J. Hast ings of Toronto, Canada, the retiring president, "but we cannot expect to draw up a definite program for com bating influenza epidemics, when we see so wide a divergence of opinion among medical authorities, as has been shown here." The organization of a federal depart ment of health, and the combining of various semi-public and private asso ciations ' interested in various phases of public health movements, was urged in an address by Dr. George E. Vincent, head of the Rockefller Foundation. : Most Deaths; Fewest Cases . DENVER, Dec. 12. The ' largest number of deaths from influenza, and the smallest number of new cases of the disease reported in any 24-hour pe riod Bince the second epidemic reached its height, about the middle of Novem ber, were recorded by city health offi cials today. The 42 deaths reported, brought the total for the epidemic to 926, while the 78 new cases, reported, brought the total to 10,932. Dr. Wil liam H. Sharpley, city manager of helath, expressed no surprise at the unusual number of deaths, saying they were the result of the period when new cases were reported, running as high as 600 a day. SDCIAUS BEGIN FIGHT FOR FREEDOM U ADJOURN WITHOUT FIGH INFLUENZA American Commission to Greet Him Special Train to Take Him to Paris Paris Wild to Hail "Champion" Seats In Windows Along Line of March Command Big Prices Swiss Send Invitation. COUNCIL TO GATHER ON JANUARY 3rd OX BOARD Tim U. 8. 8. GEORGE WASHINGTON, Tuesday, Dec. 10. (Br "Wireless to The Associated Press) President Wilson learned today by wireless from Colonel Edward M. House, that the plans of the French government contem plate the peace conference getting down to its sessions prior to January 3, and he at once began arranging his plans so as to utilize the in tervening time to clear up his visits to the battle front, the American troops, and Italy and other functions, in order to leave his time en tirely free when the confer ence begins. In the meantime he will have . informal conferences with Premier Lloyd George of Great Britain, Premier Clemeneeau of France, Pre-1 mier Orlando of Italy and others, to smooth out any points of difference which 1 ; . ll may arise Between tne United States and, the allies, with regard to the ground work of the conference. Only Official Functions The president is planning to avoid rigorously all func tions not necessarily of an official nature, and will veto all pleasure trips. On his arrival in Paris Saturdav, he will be received by President and Madame Poincare. On that day he will be the guest of honor at a public reception and later will receive a de gree bestowed upon him by the University of Paris. Virtually all of next week has been reserved by Presi dent Wilson for conferences, at which he will emphasize the idea that a league of na tions must necessarily be part of the peace treaties, and is not a subject for sep arate action. Crown Prince Alexander of Serbia will be in Paris over Christmas, as will also King Victor Emmanuel of Italy. Immediately after the Christmas holiday, the presi dent probably will go to Italy, returning to Paris on January 2, ready to attend the peace conference. In the meantime he will (Continued on Page Two) -o- TODAY'S THE BIG DAI NEW YORK. Dec. 12. A reign of bolshevism in the. United States, to be gin at noon tomorrow, Friday, the thirteenth, was proclaimed in circulars here today by the "People's Day Com mittee." The "proclamation" cancels all debts, public and private, repeals "all statutes, ordinances, and other enact ments of capitalistic government," de clares vacant all public offices, and di rects that the military and naval or ganizations "immediately dissolve." The preamble of the "proclamation,'' many copies of which were distributed through the lower east side, declare that tomorrow "will mark the begin ning of the rule of the workers in the United States of America. The red flag is proclaimed as the emblem of the "new society," as an indication of "brotherhood and unity. with similar republics m Russia, Ger many and Austria." The "proclamation" is signed by Ellis O. Jones, who is in charge ot the "people's house," a refuge of radicals. He appeared to be incensed when jt was suggested the manifesto was in tended as a Dractical 1oke. LOOK OUT! LOOK OUT Heavy Rain Falling May Mar Brilliancy of Cere monies Brest Crowded With Troops Yankee Bands Give Concerts Landing At 3 P. M. Due Paris Tomorrow Morning PARIS, Dei-. 12. Colonel E. M. House, President Wilson's personal a viser. General Tasker H. Bliss, Gordon Auchincloss, son-in-law of Colonic House, and Joseph C. Grew, former counsellor of the American embassy :u Vienna, all members of tne American commission for negotiating peace, as the American peace mission henceforln will be known, left today by specita train for Brest to meet President Wil son when he arrives there. The special train was lilted out with Pullman sleepers and a dining car. The commission will arrive at Brest tomoi -row morning about ten o'clock. The U. S. S. George Washington, on whicn President Wilson is making the voyage from the United States, is expected 'J reach Brest roads shortly before thai hour. Immediately the George Washington comes to anchor outside the harbor, which is made necessary by the fact that the steamer draws too much water to enter Port. Colonel House. General Bliss and Messrs. Auchincloss ana Grew will board the steamer and confer with President Wilson, impartins to him whatever information they hav. and the impressions ihey have gath ered from the French people, and offi cials and diplomatic officers, concern ing the feeling regarding President w nson s visit. Parisians Sell Window Seats When President Wilson arrives at the Bois de Boulogne station at 10 o'clock Saturday morning, it is antici pated that he will be welcomed by large crowa3. Housenolders m the Champs Elysees, the Rue Royale, the Rue Mon ceau and other streets through which, the president will pass, have rented window spaces for spectators at fancv prices. In addition throngs arc expectea. to line the sidewalks. BREST. Dec. IS. President Wilson will arrive here, his first stopping placo in France, at noon tomorrow. The French government and this ancient Breton city have completed their prep arations to commemorate the first landing of an American president on the soil of Europe. The weather this evening was not promising for the brilliant naval spec tacle which will mark the president's arrival, as a steady rain was falling and a thick, mist enveloped the harbor, making the outer headlands dimly visible. Brest is crowded with troops ana sailors and the Breton peasantry in their quaint costumes. Buildings and squares are hung with flegs and streamers and mottoes bearing the wordst'Vive Wilson!" "Hail the chan. pion of the rights of man!" Bands Play in Rain American naval bands gave a concert this evening in the Place President Wilson. A lar crowd was present, notwithstanding the rain. Wireless re ports to the American naval authori ties are that the U. S. S. George Wash ington is steaming steadily, toward Brest. It is expected that the light house will sight the presidential steam er and its naval escort a little before noon Friday, and the fleet will arrive in the harbor an hour later. Stephen Pichon, the French foreign, minister, and Georges Leygues, minis ter of marine, will go aboard tho George Washington at 1:30 o'ick in the afternoon, to extend the first for mal greetings. General Pershing. Gen eral Bliss, Admiral Benson, Gener.il Bliss, Rdmiral Benson, Admiral Wilson, Colonel E. M. House and Ambassador Sharp will go aboard at the same tim. The president's landing is timed for :i o'clock in the afternoon. It has been arranged that the various ministers, generals, admirals, and am bassadors, will be the first to debark, final landing being reserved for th.i president and Mrs. Wilson. Ministers to- Receive Party The ministers and officials will form a group to receive the president as he steps ashore. The foreign committee or the chamber of deputies and a delega tion of socialist deputies also will l,e present. Foreign Minister Pichon will wel- tuiiie uie distinguished guests on bc- iiiui or tne trench government, and Major Goud on behalf of the city of Brest. The president will then V;.i along the Cours Dajot to the railwav station, whence he will depart for Paris at 4 o'clock. The city is wild with excitement to night, in anticipation of tomorrow s great event. Patriotic meetings and concerts are being held and the presi dent is assured of a tumultuous welcome. BERNE, Dec. 12. The Swiss gov ernment has addressed an invitation to President Wilson to visit Switzerland. The invitation says the Swiss autho:- lties would consider a visit from the president as fresh proof of the friend ship between America, the greatest and Switzerland, the oldest, renublic !n the world- Socialists Plan Reception PARIS, Dec. 12. (Havas) The rad ical socialist group of the chamber of deputies today decided to send a dele gation of its members to Brest to wel come President Wilson. In addition, the group instructed its executive board to make arrangements with th-i presidents of other socialist groups, with the object of organizing a collecv ive socialist demonstration in honor of President Wilson. BRITISH NAVY MUST LEAD ' PITTEN'WEEM, Scotland. Dec. 12. Former Premier Herbert H. Asquith, in a speech here today, said that Great Britain mast keep the supremacy of the sea.- He agreed, he declared, with what Premier Lloyd 3eorge said yes terday with regard to the making U Germans pay for the war.