THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 15, 1918
Before 1917 United States
Had Engaged In 10 Wars
8,600 Battles of all Sizes
(New York Times) ' ary casualties to the recorded casual-
H... recorded casualties suffered by Amencw casuaaits ra a..
war? iuubIii vy me i. ihicu .smicr, oi
proximately 1,500,000, of whom 700,000
lost their lives in battle or under condi
tions due to war. The estimated Con
federate casualties are included in the
nericans in all their wars, from the
vtir uf independence up to the signing
( the armistice with Germany in the
ent war. have reached a total of
out 1,280.000 men, of whom approxi-
.tely r.Su.000 were killed, died of
unlit, nr disease, or met death from
ut causes. The remainder represent
tMt.il of recorded wounded in the
vioiis wars in which the United
.itr'M has engaged. The figures tor
i i" revolution, as well us for more than
little wars, which are estimated to
il in lulled, dead of wounds or dis
e, missing, wounded, and casualties
to other causes, almut IQo.uoO. are
matters of record. No records of
' Kind survived the revolution on
i' !i an accurate estimate of th-,cas-ii.'s
Mil'iVred t'V the army under
The average man, if asked how many
wars, major as well as minor, the Unit
ed States has engaged in since the win
ning of independence from Great Brit
ain, would probably answer "about ten
or twelve." That would be very nearly
correct so far as the big and middle
sized wars are concerned, but far from
n tt 1 1 T-.i t whon all th HttlA wr, 5ro
taken into consideration. The total ! exclusive of the European war.
number as officially recerded in Wash
ington is "110 wars, campaign, expedi
tions, events, etc"
The war in which the heaviest casu
' from all causes on the two sides otaled! 172-1S73 Modoc campaign.
aoout aii.wi. ut tnis total atiout 3o9,
; 000 -were Uilion men and the rest Con
' federates who fell in battle or died
I from wounds or disease. The Union
j lost 110,000 men killed in battle or dead
; from wounds, the Confederacy about
j 971,000. The huge remaining tolal of
' deaths was due almost entirely to dis
ease, owing to the imperfect sanitary 1S73 Expedition
a hu. mruiLdi iii ma ul iiiu two services.
In the great Kuropean war, among
more that C.000,000 Americans who
crossed the Atlantic to fight against
Germany, the total deaths due to dis
ease were less than 15,000; less than
three-quarters of 1 per cent,, as com
pared with the civil war record of 8.6
In the Historical Register of the Ar
mies of the United States there is
printed the oficial list of wars, expedi
tions, etc., in which the United States
has engaged since 1776, with a list of all
the battles and skirmishes participated
in by soldiers of the United States, and
the total number of these battles, etc.,
liiiigtoii could be accurately tabu-! alties were suffered was. of course, that
Bed. Adding the probable revolution-' between the states, when the deaths
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173 Yellowstone expedition. Dakota.
l.s71-lS7,"i Campaign against Kiowa, j
Cheyenne and Comanche Indians
in Indian Territory.
1&71 Sioux expedition," Wyoming ar.d !
Nebraska. - :
3874 Black Hills expedition, the Da
ainst Nevada In
1R76 Sioux Indian war.
1S76 Powder River, Wyo., expedition.'
1S76-1877 Big Horn and Yellowstone (
1S76-1S7 Xez Perces campaign.
1S7S Ute expedition. j
1S79 Snake Indian trouble. Idaho.
1890-1891 Sioux Indian war. - j
18S1-1S93 Mexican border or "Tin
1895 Bannock Indian disturbances.
1S98-1S99 Spanish-American war. j
1898 - Chippewa Indian disturbances, i
1899- 1902 Philippine insurrection. !
1900- 1901 Boxer insurrection, China, j
1912-191.? Nicaraguan expedition. 1
total is 8.600. It reuuires Nli rlnselv ' Ula-19U Haitian and Santo Domin-
printed pages to list them in the His-J san expeditions.
torical Register. Since the Register; 1914 Vera Cruz expedition.
was printed we have fought three little i 19I''' Punitive expedition into Mexico, i
wars and one great war. ; 1J1.-191S European war.
The wars, etc., in which these casual- I ,JnP important thing that George
ties were suffered are the following:
1775-1783 War of the revolution.
1782-1787 Wyoming Valley, Penn.,
17S6-1787 Shay's rebellion, Massa
chusetts. 1790- 1795 War with the northwest In
dians Miamis, Wyandottes, Del-
awares, Pottawaltamies, Shaw
nees, Cheippewas and Ottawas.
1791- 1794 Whisky insurrection in
1798- 1800 War with France.
1799 Fries rebellion, Pennsylvania.
1801-1805 Tripolitan war.
1806 Burr conspiracy.
1806 Sabine expedition, Louisiana.
1807 Chesapeake Bay naval affair.
1808 Lake Champlain embargo trou
bles. 1811- 1813 Second war with the north
1812- 1815 War with Great Britain.
1S2 Seminole war, Florida.
1813 - Peoria Indian war, Illinois.
1813-1814 Creek Indian war, Alabama.
1817-1818 Second Seminole war.
1819 Yellowstone expedition.
1823 Campaign against Blackfeet and -
1S27 La Fevre Indian war.
i 1831 Sac and Fox Indian war.
lS32Black Hawk war.
1832-1833 Nullification, South Caro
lina. 1S:!3-1S39 Cherokee Indian war.
1834 Pawnee expedition.
; 1835-1836 Third Seminole war.
1836 1837 Second Creek Indian war.
1837 Osage Indian troubles.
1838 Heatherly Indian war.
1838 Mormon disturbances.
1838-1839 New York-Canadian fron
1545- 1S47 Doniphans' expedition into
1546- 1S38 War with Mexico.
1S46-1S48 New Mexican expedition.
1848 Caytisc war. Oregon.
Washington forgot to attend to when
he was directing the fight for Ameri
can independence was the organization
of a statistical force to keep a record
of the casualties sustained by the units
under his command. The only official j
record thatwas kept was the number ;
of men who at different times fought i
in the Revolutionaiv army, and even I
this is considered incorrect. The i
statistics which are available show I
356,000 men in the Revolutionary
army, of whom 231,771 were listed in
the Continental forces and 145,000 re
corded as state or militia troops.
"The total here given," says the
Historical Register of the Army, "is
excessive as to the number that served
in the army, for many served two,
three and even more terms."
There are no records of any kind to
indicate the number of casualties.
The first war in which there is a
record of casualties and it is believed
to bo only approximate is the war
with the northwest Indians, which
started in September. 1790. and ended
in August, 1793. Between 6000 and
000 troops engaged in this war on the
American side, the recorded casualties
being 61 officers and 835 men killed
or died of wounds and 33 officers and
401 men wounded.
No records exist as to the casualties
suffered in the nine little wars that
intervened between the northwest In
dian struggle and the war of 1812 with
In the war of 1S12 the regular army
totaled in strength about 60,000 offi
cers and men, while the volunteer
army numbered 471,000 men, of whom
51,210 were officers. The regular army
casualties were 65 officers and 12.13
men killed, while 577 officers and en
listed men were killed in the volunteer
army. In the regular army 29S5 m-n
were- wounded and in the vounter
1849-1S61 Navajo wars. i force 1015. There are no records of
1849- 1861 Comanche, Cheyenne and! tllc casua,tics due to disease, although
Kickapoo Indian troubles. I tlle5' are known to have greatly ex-
1850 - Pitt River (Cal.) expedition. j cceded those, due to battle.
1851- 1S52 Yuma (Cal.) expedition. I In t,lc Seminole Indian war of 1S17-1851-1853
Utah Indian war. ' 1S18 the United States forces num-1S31-1S56
Indian wars, Oregon andl'1or'fl sl0,) of w'hom about 7000 were
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1855 Snake Indians expedition.
1855-1836 Sioux expedition, Nebraska
1855 Yakima expedition, Washington
1Sjo-1S36 Cheyenne and
1833-1858 Seminole or Florida war.
1856- 1858 Kansas border troubles.
1857 Gila expedition. New Mexico.
1857 Sioux Indian troubles in Minne
sota and Iowa.
1S57 Mountain Meadow massacre
1857- 1858 Utah expedition.
1858 Expedition against northern In
dians. 1838 Puget Sound expedition.
1858 Spokane, Coeur d'Alene and Pa
loos Indian troubles. .
1838 Navajo expedition. New Mexico.
j.ooo-iBii3 vncwta expedition,
1859 Colorado River expedition.
1859 Pecos expedition, Texas.
1859 Antelope Hills expedition, Texas.
1839 Bear River -expedition, Utah.
1859 San Juan imbroglio Washing
1859 John Brown raid, Virginia.
1859- 1860 Cortina troubles on Texas
and Mexican border.
1860 Pah-Ute expedition, California.
1860 Kiowa and Comanche expedition
1560 Carson Valley expedition, Utah.
1660-1861 Navajo expedition, New
1561- 1890 Apache Indian war in Ari
zona and New Mexico.
1861- 1863 Civil War.
1862 Indian massacres at New Ulm.
1862-1867 Sioux Indian war in Minne
sota and Dakota.
1868-1869 War against the Cheyenne,
Arapahoe, Kiowa and Comancfie
Indians in Kansas, Nebraska,
Colorado and Indian Territory.
1S65-1868 Indian war in Oregon, Idaho
1S63-1S66 Fenian raid. New Tork and
1867-1881 Campaign against Lipan,
Kiowa, Kickapoo and Comanche
Indians, Mexican border, dis
turbances. 1S68-1869 Canadian river expedition.
1871 Yellowstone expedition.
1871 Fenin troubles. .Dakota and
1872 Yellowstone expedition, Dakota.
regulars. The casualties were 46 killed
and 56 wounded.
The Black Hawk and the Sac and
Fox wars of 1S31 and 1832 called into
service about 6700 men. of whom 26
were killed and 39 wounded. This lit-
Arapahoe j tle ar was followed by the Seminole
wars ot to ii4., in wnich the cas
ualties totaled nearly 1000 in killed
and wounded. In the .Seminoe fights
the regulars lost 18 officers and 310
men killed , and 20 officers and 270
wounded. The volunteer force in the
same wars lost five officers and 50
men killed and 24 officers and 243 men
wounded, the total casualties being 383
killed and 595 wounded. The records
upto this tjme are still missing so far
as deaths from disease and other
causes are concerned.
When congress declared war on
Mexico, in Mar. 1S4fi the strength f I
Indian the regular army was 637 officers and!
j923 enlisted men, and to this force
were added during the war 1016 offi
cers and 35,000 men. making a total of
1653 officers and 40,934 enlisted men. I
while the volunteer army that was j
called to the colors numbered 3131 offi
cers and 70,129 enlisted men, the total
strength of the two forces being 113,
The records show a casualty list of
43,299 men. Of this number 1777 were
killed in battle, 945 died of wounds re
ceived in action, 16,054 -died of dis
ease. 12,308 were discharged for dis
ability incident to the service, 530 lost
their lives in accidents in camp or
near the battlef rents, and 34 were ex
ecuted under sentence of court-martial.
The remainder were lost tc, the
service through desertion, rejection,
and for various other causes.
The next great war was the Civil
war between the North and South. The
number of troops that fought in. that
struggle was approximately 3,000,000
men, of whom 2,324,516 were on the
Union side and the rest in the Con
federate army. There are no complete
official data from which to compile an
accurate estimate of the Confederate
losses: the best available records indi
cate that the South losf about 95.000
men in killed or dead from wounds,
and about 59.000 who died of disease,
while the number of wounded, missing,
or taken prisoners has been variously
estimated at anywhere from 150,000 to
The following table shows the deaths
from all causes in the Union armies:
I used to be a little bit ashamed of the way I felt about Mother. I loved her.
of course loved her with all the love that '-ould be crowded into a boy's heart
but I hated to show it. Only girls and babies, 1 thought, showed affection.
It wasn't "manly" for a hoy to be petted especially if there was someone
around to see.
I used to go to Mother when I had cut
my finger or had some childish grief
or woe and she would bind up the
wound in my finger and my heart and
drive away all the pain and sorrow in
some strange, mysterious way .that
only mothers know about.
Then she'd put her arm around me
and smooth my hair but' I'd pull
away and swagger out, whistling
loudly, and play with my dog.
But at nights when I'd gone tired to
bed I'd think about Mother.
And always she appeared in a sort of
soft light with a smile of understand
ing. To myself, I called her "The
Greatest Mother in the World."
The other day I sa.w a Red Cross Poster a white
clad nurse with a wounded soldier in her arms; they
called it "The Greatest Mother in the World."
It brought a jealous little tug to my heart when I
saw it. I resented the use of that title for a Red
Cross Poster. It was my name for Mother.
I closed my eyes for a moment and a vision of
Mother came to me. The same soft light and ten
der smile. And when I looked up at the poster
again I understood.
I felt that the Red Cross had the right to use that
title, "The Greatest Mother in the World."
For I realized that the spirit of my Mother ad
yours was behind that big organization binding
up cut fingers for little boj-s who have grown up
and aren't really little boys any longer.
And that's the reason I'm going to answer
"Present!" at the
RED CROSS CHRISTMAS ROLL CALL
- December 16-23
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ties, bringing the total casualties to General March were as follows:
about 300 " ! Killed or died of wounds 30,154
At Vera Cruz in 1914 the American j Died of disease 14.811
casualties were 98 men, of whom 17 ! Deaths unclassified 2.204
were killed. The total casualties, not j Wounded 179,625
including those from disease, in the I Prisoners 2,163
punitive expedition into Mexico in 3916 Missing 1,150
were less than 100 men, all told.
The American casualties in the Ku-I ToUil ". 230,117
ropean war, as given out last week by j Revised returns are expected to
change the European casualties slight-
ly. Many army officers are of the .
opinion that the number o missing -will
be shown, when the completed
official tabulation is made public, to
be in excess of the number given in
the above table.
Use The Republican Classified Pages
for Results Read for Profit.
Cause of Death.
Killed in action " 4,1
Died of wounds received in action
Died of disease
Accidental deaths (except by drowning)
Killed after capture
Executed by United States military authorities...
Executed by enemy .'. .'
Died from sunstroke
Other known causes
Causes not Stated
Total : 9,384
Officers. Men. Total.
4,142 62,916 67,058
2.223 40,789 43,012
2,7,95 221.791 224,58
14 2 3.972 4,114
106 4,838 4,944
37 4S3 - 520
31 90 104
26 365 , 391
....... 267 ' 267
4 60 64
5 . 3U8 313
62 1,972 2,034
28 12.093 12,121
. 9,384 349,944 359,528
The Union wounded totaled 273.173,
making the total Union casualties 634,
703. The Confederate casualties bring
the total losses in killed and wounded
on both sides to a figure in excess of
1,000,000 men. 1
In the Spanish war the United States
called to the colors 2S0.564 men, of
whom 43,590 saw service in Cuba,
Porto Rico and the Philippines. The
casualties due to death m battle and
to wounds aggregated 1831. Of this
number 263 were killed, of whom 18
officers and 191 men were regulars,
and three officers and 53 men volun
teers. Of the 1596 wounded, S9 offi
cers and 1166 enlisted men were regu
lars, and 27 officers and 314 enlisted
men volunteers. Those who died of
disease totaled 8720.
The Philippine insurrection, which
started in 1899 and ended in 1902,
proved one of the most troublesome
military problems that the United
States wa ever called upon to solve.
In these years 122,401 men were sent
to the Philippines, the greatest force in
the islands at any one time being 69,
420 officers and men in December,
1900. The average monthly strength
of the forces in the Islands was 40,000
i men for the three years covered by the
tained by the American forces in
crushing the insurrection were 7152
men. Of this number 741 were killed
in battle, 223 died of wounds. 2701 died
of disease, and the remainder lost
their lives in various other ways in
cident to the service. The number of
wounded totaled 2818. Of those who
were killed in battle the regulars lost
32 officers and 253 men, while the vol
unteer losses were 22 officers and 388
men. The wounded included 71 offi
cers and 1165 enlisted men of the reg
ular army and 133 officers and 1653
enlisted men of the volunteer forces.
The United States sent to China in
1900-1901, to aid in quelling the Boxer
uprising, 191 officers and 809 men.
The casualties suffered were nine offi
cers and 200 enlisted men, alt-of the
regular army. The Marines in that
1 5 ic4
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insurrection. The losses in dead sus-j
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