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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN. FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 20, 1918
PAGE. SEVEN LEAGUE OP NATIONS DEVISED BY FRENCH HAS TIGER'S APPROVAL Diplomatic. Judicial, Econo mic And Military Features ' Outlined Plan' To Har monize With Wilson Plan PARIS, rec. in. Huron d-Estonr-nclles de Constant today gave the Associated Press the rYench plan for bringing about a society of nations which the baron and Senator Leon Bourgeois, forroely French premier, presented to Premier C'lemenceau sev ral days ago. The French premier rave nsstirances that the principle of a society of nations would he inscribed at the, head of the French program before the peace congress. Baron rl'Kstournelles .le Constant and M. Bourgeois were French dele gates at both peace conferences at The Hague. They said they had presented their plan to Premier C'lemenceau with some apprehension, as he had not yet declared himself in favor of a league of nations, having been regard ed as typifying the fighting spirit which had gained him the name of "Tiger." They first handed the premier a let ter which said in part: "We are convinced that a durable peace can be assured only in substi tuting for a reign of force that of or ganized right. It is the object of our association to aid in the constitution of a society, first of part, and then of all the nations. This society, accord ing to the recent declarations of Presi dent Wilson, will be a most essential party in securing the maintenance of peace." Premier Listens Closely Premier Clemenceau was an atten tive listener to the details for the for mation of such a plan. Concerning the principle? of such an organization, he declared, it would be set down in the program and go before the peace con gress at the head of the subjects to be discussed. But he asked lor specific particulars concerning the detaails of the organization of this international society, especially as to whether the French advocates of the plan are co operating with British, American, Italian and other organizations, to as certain if the present project is sup ported by all nations. Explaining the detailed plans pre vented to Premier Clemenceau, Count d'Estournelles do Constant said to the Associated Press: "The, essentials of the plan are: First, compulsoiy arbitration, with out limitation exception. This leaves out the old exception of questions in volving national honor and dignity. Second, limitation of armaments. Third, the establishment of a council f administration of the nations for the formulation of new international administration and international law procedure. Fourth, the application of Sanctions' for making effective the de cisions of the society of nations. 'Sanctions' is a diplomatic expression, meaning the various steps for enforc ing compliance. They are fourfold. Sanctions Are Explained "First Diplomatic sanction the so ciety of nations shall break diplomatic relations with ans recalcitrant nation, and give his passports to the ambas sador or minister representing that na tion. J'Second-Judicial sanction, whereby the courts of all countries will be closed to a recalcitrant nation. It will thus practically be quarantined and placed outside the pale of civilized states. "Third Economic sanction, whereby the economic means of all nations shall 1 be directed against any recalcitrant state. This economic weapon of the united nations will be a great power in isolating any offending nation, cutting off its foodstuffs and raw materials, when it acts in defiance of the society of nations. "Fourth Military sanction this is the last sanction by which the joint na tions would undertake to enforce ob servance of the decisions of the so ciety of nations. This military sanc tion is the most difficult and delicate of all the questions involved in creat ing the society of nations. Views May Differ "There will be different views con cerning the military enforcement of peace. It is the purpose of our organ ization to reconcile these differences and secure some workable basis of agreement. One view is for a small in ternational military force, or the nucleus of an international fleet. Oth ers may regard this as unnecessary anu preler to rely on the moral force of the united nations. Some may wish to give up compulsory military service, but retain the navy. "These divergent views must be re conciled. That is the main task which M. Clemenceau asked us to undertake. W'e regard our meeting with the pre mier as highly important in inscribing the principles of a society of nations at the head of the. program, for that we understand to be in accordance with the desires of President Wilson, to place the high idealsof this united stand against further warfare, at the very forefront of the peace congress and adopt it as the guilding principle in the determination of many questions before the conference." MILLIONS T Red Cross Has Put Millions On Christmas Roll Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON', Pec. 19. Six mil lion persons have joined the American Red Cross since the beginning of the Christmas roll call Monday, in mak ing this announcement tonight, Red Cross headquarters said reports from all states indicate that the campaign is going at top speed and steadily gath ering a momentum that will continue until tiie close of the drive next Mon day. Of the six million new members, it was said, practically all were obtained up to Wednesday night, as tew re portswere received on today's results. The Atlantic division, comprising New York, New Jersey and Connecticut, continues to lead in number of mem berships with 2.225,000 enrolled up to late yesterday. The southwestern divi sion, including the states of Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas was second with 914,505 mem bers. o SYMPATHY WITH FIREMEN COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.. Dec. 19. The Federated Trades council of Colorado Springs, representing eleven lahor unions, tonight recommended walkout of nil organized working men not later than February 1, in sympathy with the city firemen, who recently were replaced by a new department staff. Individual unions will act on th proposaJ withinten days. Two thousand men will be affected. Thefiremen asked for a wage in crease, which was denied by the city council. A blanket resignation of the entire force was handed in, to become effective last Monday. On the preced ing Friday night. Mayor Charts E. Thomas relieved the firemen from their duties, tmd a new force was in stalled. There was no disorder. WITH OVERLAND-ARIZONA O. L. Wood, for five months with McAr thur Brothers, the last month as sales man, now is connected with the Overland-Arizona company as salesman. STATE IF HIGHWAY . BILL BECQIVIES LAW State Engineer B. M. Atwood re turned yesterday morning from Chi cago where he attended the American Association of State Highway officials from December 9 to 13, inclusive. The session was marred by the sudden death on the first day of the confer ence, of Lagon Waller Page, director of the United States Office of Public Roads and Rural Engineering, who already had done so much for the cause of good roads. The cause of death was heart failure. That morning, said Mr. Atwood, Mr. Page fell while crossing the lobby of the La Salle hotel, but was assisted; to his room. He seemed to recover, but he stated that he would not at- ! tend the conference that day. Later in the day a telephone message was sent from the meeting inquiring as to the condition of Mr. Page. It was answered by him. He said he was feel ing quite well. Within a few minutes he sank to the floor again. An assistant carried him to his bed and sent for a doctor, but when he arrived Mr. Page was dead. On receipt of the news of his death the conference adjourned and a ban quet which had been arranged was cancelled. Mr. Atwood said that the meeting was the most successful the associa tion had ever held. One of its most im.portant acts was the adoption of a bill which had been prepared by Mr. ITTge amending the Bankhead law by providing a larger sum of money fur road construction and amending the clause confining construction to post roads by authorizing the construction or improvement of roads which may become post roads. The original federal aid bill, known as the Bankhead bill had been pre pared by the association. The amended bill had been drafted by Mr. Page. He was engaged on it some weeks ago when Mr. Atwood visited him in Wash ington. Mr. Page told him that he had already conferred with Secretary Houston and Secretary Baker regard ing it, and they hart given it their ap proval. He had not then seen the presi dent with reference to it, but he did so afterward and there have been ex tensively printed letters by the presi dent and the two secretaries fully endorsing the good toads movement. The proposed amendment, like the original bill, provides for the appor tionment to the states of. road funds annually, the apportionments increas ing through a seven-year period. Un der the Bank head bill the apportion ments to Arizona for that period would be $1,017,703.38. nder the amended bill this state's share of the fund would be J8.221.622.52. The apportionment would be made in the same manner ar. is now provided on the basis of area, mileage, and population. The first-, named factor in the interest of the western states was introduced into the present bill with a great deal of dif ficulty over the objection of eastern representatives. In the late confer ence it was again, the subject of dis pute, but again the west won. Mr. Atwood has the promise of the senators and representatives from this state to work unremittingly for its passage, and he believes that it will be passed in the short session. Speaking again of Mr. Page, he said that he was cut off in the very be ginning of a most promising career. He had attracted to himself, by his ability in the good roads movement, the attention of the whole country. and he had so enlarged the scope of the I'VE GOT TO HAVE THE "DOUGH" If I didn't need it I'd never be selling all my stock of seasonable mer chandise at clearance sale prices, right in the height of the season But we got invoices on new goods to meet (it takes money to handle big quan tities of goods on small margins) ' . Already many of my customers have "grabbed" th chance to save and there are still great bargains for all you thrifty people that know the value of a dollar. . ' Take a slant' ' at my window if you don't believe it. These prices are only good till Christmas eve, so "get busy." LOOK For the Eed Banner on Window at 24 E. Washington Street WOLF FURNISHINGS STORE Opp. Donofrio's 24 E. Washington St. LOOK For the Red Banner on Window at 24 E. Washington Street sULfc, that is appropriate as well as practical Give Him A Flashlight He will appreciate an electric vibrator A Shaving Lamp is just the thing Give Tier An Electric Toaster A Percolator A Chafing Dish - A Sewing Machine Motor An Electric Coffee Urn An Egg Boiler An Electric Vacuum Cleaner t An Electric Iron An Electric Grill Don't forget Mother and Father A Warm- ing Pad is just the thing Bertram Electrical Go. ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS New Location: 124 West Washington St. Phone 3081. bureau of good roads that it was gen erally understood that it could not" much longer remain a mere bureau. In all probability the importance of it will be so recognized that it will be made a department of good roads, and if Mr. Page had lived he would in all probability have been the first holder of that portfolio. Of Mr. Page the following has been said: "Logan Waller Page, director of the United States Office of Public Roads and Rural Engineering, died suddenly in Chicago, December 9, while attending the annual meeting of the American Asociation of State High way officials. He was born at Rich mond. Va., in 1870 and was a student in engineering at Viginia Polytechnic Institute and at Harvard for six years. Later at Harvard he was in charge of tests of all materials used by the Mis- sachusetts Highway Commission and some for other states and Canada. In 1899 he made an extended study of road building in Europe. A year later he became chief of the road material laboratory, United States government, afterward reorganized as the Division of Tests. In 194 he became director of the office of public roads which combined the division of tests and the office of public roads inquiry in the department of agriculture. In 1908 Mr. Page acted as chairman of the commission to represent the United States at the International Road Con gress at Paris." An extended account of the achieve ments of Mr. Page was recently written by John M. Goodell. storage in this country on September 1, 1918, stocks of long staple cotton as follows: Bales Sea Island long staple cotton 52,000; r-gyptian (Sakillaridis) cotton.. .85,000 That vnder the license granted by the war trade board for imports of Egyptian cotton, there still to be imported, in 1S18 8,000 VORWAERTS FORESEES CRUMBLING GERMANY BERLIN. AVednesday, Dec. IS. (By The Associated Press) Evidently re flecting the views of the Ebert-Scheid-emanngToup, Vorwaerts takes the most serious view of the incident of yester day, when the congress of soldiers and workmen was invaded by a party of soldiers. It accuses the extreme left of aiming to disrupt the congress. "It must be declared openly," says the newspaper, "that there is danger of the whole government apparatus crumbling and the armistice and peace negotiations being broken off, on the ground that no competent German gov ernment exists and that all Germany will be occupied by entente troops." The Freiheit, on the contrary, de clares the invasion of the congress could be explained by the indignation of the soldiers at the counter-revolutionary activities by the officers of cer tain troo-- ..'rf The demonstrations by the soldiers was so in accord with the utterances .' t Ledebour, Barth and othder radicals at Tuesday's session, as to suggest more than a coincident- PROBLEM TO MARKET LONG STAPLE COTTON NEARER TO SOLUTION Making a total of ; . . . .145,000 They also reported that the estimated crop of American Egyptian cotton for the season 1918 and 1919 would be 35,000 bales, and the estimated crop of Sea Island long staple cotton would be approximately 60,000 bales or a total of available long staple cotton of ap proximately 240,000 bales. As I think you appreciate the amount of long staple cotton in storage would have been immensely reduced had it not been for the fact that the govern ment as a war necessity commandeered a large portion of the spindles and looms of the cotton manufacturers which in normal times were used for making automobile fabrics and other cloths made from long staple cotton for the purpose of filling war orders for duck tarpaulins and wagon covers made from the short staple cotton. The normal market therefore for American Egyptian cotton and Sea Island cotton was largely destroyed because of the government's war ne cessities which is largely responsible for the lack of market today for this long staple cotton. During the, war both American Egyp tion long staple cotton largely raised in Arizona and Sea Island cotton were thoroughly tested by the war depart ment for use in the manufacture of fabrics used in airplane wings, balloon cloth and gas masks, found exception ally satisfactory for this purpose and about a year since 15,000 bales of Sea Island cotton was purchased by the air craft division of the war department, and a purchase of 500 bales of Arizona Egyptian cotton of the Pima variety was authorized and I am advised that both of these American grown cottons when manufactured into fabrics ex ceeded the specified requirements of the government. The knowledge of the almost certain use of a large portion of the American Egyptian long staple cotton crop by the government in its aircraft program naturally resulted in a very large in crease in production in Arizona whose crop this year will amount to about 34.000 bales as against 16,000 last season. Fortunately hostilities are now over, the government is rapidly cancelling its contracts for fabrics made from this cotton, and it seems only just that the producers during the transition period to normal trade conditions should have the assistance of the federal govern ment whose action has so seriously in terfered with their normal market. The growers are confronted not only with accumulated stocks, but the dan ger of early shipments into this coun try of Egyptian cotton although the supply on hand together with the crop being produced this year is apparently ample to take care of all normal de mand for long staple cotton in this country. As soon as the government removes its restrictions from industry the nor mal increasing demand largely caused by the return to full 'production of the manufacture of tire fabrics will grad ually absorb the surplus and stabilize prices of thi6 product grown under war conditions. The growers of long staple cotton in America are merely asking that on this pysent year's crop their market be safeguarded by such governmental ac tion as will prevent the importation of the Old World Egyptian cotton until they have had an opportunity to dis pose of this year's crop, all of which under normal conditions should be marketed by the first of July, 1919. I understand that your board has re cently granted a license for the im portation of 40,000 bales of Old World Egyptian cotton during the first six months of 1919 and I trust it may be possible, after an ample consideration of this matter, for your board to rescind this order and take such action as would result in prohibiting the impor- I tation of Egyptian cotton until the present condition of oversupply and stagnation of market has passed. Appreciating thoroughly the import ance and difficulty of the problem con fronting you and expressing on behalf of Senator Ashurst and myself our thanks for the courtesy shown us, I beg to remain. Sincerely yours, DW'IGHT B. HEARD Following the suggestion of the chairman of the war board, Mr. Heard had a conference with Clarence Wool ley, a member of the board, who has given much attention to economic questions of this character, particular ly to practical trade adjustments, nec essary to stabilize business conditions in connection with the conclusion of the war. Mr. Wooley showed such a broad in terest in this question, as did a num ber of senators with whom Senator Ashurst and Mr. Heard conferred, that on last Thursday Senator Ashurst ar ranged for a luncheon which was given in th committee room of Indian af fairs adjoining the senate, to a group of democratic and republican senators to which Mr. Woolley, representing the federal trade board, and Mr. Heard, representing the cotton committee, were invited. Senators Discuss Situation Among the senators present were Ashurst and Smith of Arizona. John son of California, Ed Emith of South Carolina, who is thoroughly familiar with the Sea Island condition and who co-operated most valuably in this matter. Kellogg of Minnesota. Jones of Washington, Kendrick of Wyoming, King of Utah and John Sharp Williams of Mississippi. At this luncheon the situation was very fully discussed and the question (Continued from Page One) that nearly 50 mills had been engaged I in the manufacture of fabrics for thej aircraft division of the war department , and that recently orders for fabrics of j this character aggregating1 15,000.000 j yards had been cancelled by the gov- j ernment without payment of any bonus, j as the manufacturers found they had an outlet in commercial fabrics for this class of cotton. This information was furnished by Fred Taylor of the bureau of markets who is closely in touch with the situation. More Using Arizona Cotton The fact also was developed that there is a steady increase in the num ber of mills using Arizona grown cot ton and that a number of the large manufacturers are convinved that ow ing to the existing satisfactory use of Arizona Pima cotton in aircraft fabrics and balloon cloth, this cotton can be used to great advantage in the manu facture of fine commercial fabrics. In closing the interview with Mr. McCormiek. Senator Ashurst and Mr. Heard made it perfectly clear that all I the growers ask for is temporary relief from the situation which had been larg ely created by the war needs and the war policy of the government, and at Mr. McCormick's suggestion that Mr. Heard present him a brief statement in writing on behalf of the cotton com mittee, the following letter was pre sented. December 12, 1918 Hon. Vance McCormiek, Chairman, United States War Trade Board, Washington, D. C. My dear Mr. McCormiek.: In reference to the conference which Senator Ashurst and I had with you on December 10 and in compliance with your suggestion that I present some definite method by whichMhe war trade board might relieve the serious situa tion confronting the growers of Amer ican long staple Egyptian cotton, I beg to advise you as follows: The great majority of this long staple cotton is produced in the Salt River;; valley, Arizona. The acreage there this year amounting to 71.800 acres. I understand that the federal com mittee on cotton distribution have fur nished you a complete statement of the facts in this connection and that in. view of the very serious situation con frnntfnr th American Egyptian cotton industry, which has been built up by 12 years of consistent work on behalf ofc the department of agriculture, that they have recommended that no Egyp tion cotton be imported in 1919 or until such lime as changed conditions might justify importing the Egyptian cotton. , I also understand that your board hold the view that your function is i solely that of a war agency and that if any aid is given, it should be by an act of congress and not by unsupported ac tion on the part of the war trade board. The United States Bureau of Markets report that there had accumulated in (IT. S. License No. G 17540) yA CASH AND 'CARRY SYSTEM. COR. FOURTH AVE. AND WASHINGTON 0 iristaasleadpartes COMMENCE NOW TO SHOP FOR XMAS Xmas goods aren't as plentiful as last Xmas. If you shop early you'll be sure of vour choice. T:.. 17c 40c Can Glass Jar Brand QQ Apricots OOC Cranberries, 29c' Del Monte Tomato Sause, Q can OL- California Home Catsup Heinz Chili Q Sauce OtJV .3 lbs. White Winter ! Pearmain Apples MuL (Fine eating) i . Xmas Candy, fancy QEC hard mixed lb ...OOC Xmas Candy, extra fancy OfT, mixed creams, lb 001 (Worth 4ac. lb.) 75c Heinz CQ Apple Butter ...UOC Our Xmas boxes of fruit N0te Thes'e Prices arc going like "Hot Dog" On Meat sandwiches on a cold, rainy day. They certainly are' Pork Roast 32 C an ideal Xmas gift. One lady sent nine to nine dif- . Pork Steak", 35 C fercnt friends. It' almost keeps one man busy pack- Pot Roast- 20 C ing. Get vours now, from ' " " 50c to $5.00. Short Ribs, Jgc Brisket Boil, Gh. Sweet Chocolate, Q7, lb J-tlv lib. cake OlC ' '.".' Drv Salt Sides, QK sr8:. ..15c :.., dbc Bananas, Celery. Fancy (yr Olliplete line blllk pkkleS. Seedless Grapefruit, doz... DC' Bulk mincemeat. Store Open Saturday, Monday and Tuesday Evenings of the temporary continuation of the , war trade board considered that it V t. might act as a controlling stabilizing force in assisting industry to return tu normal conditions. i.i Mr. Heard, had arranged, with lbs !J co-operation of the bureau of markets, jH at the close of the luncheon for a dem- f 2 onstration of the remarkable qualities ; of the Arizona Pima Cotton and it? comparison with the Old World Egyp- tion product, i nis ieraonsirauon was , made by Charles Butterworth, an es-. . pert cotton classer of the government, - thoroughly familiar with Salt Kiver valley conditions, and manifestly im pressed the senators with the need of j some practical action to relieve the ' situation. Urge Old World Cotton Embargo An indication that some practical results would probably develop from mAntinp nf the spnatnrt. Mr Heard rof-oivoH a wiro nn TiiMiiav from Sen- f ator Ashurst to the effect that he and six other senators had called on Post master General Burleson and the sec retary of war and the secretary of tho interior, strongly urging an embargo . on Old World Egyptian cotton, and that they were to have a further conference with Vance McCormiek of the war trade board. At the conclusion of Mr. Heard's re port, which included much statistical information, the committee passed a vote of thanks to Mr. Heard for his work in Washington and report, and suggested that he confer with the cot ton growers at an opportune time rela tive to establishing, as he had sug gested, a supply of Arizona Pima cotton at some central point in the cotton manufacturing district, probably in New Bedford, so that small experi mental orders from spinners, which will probably result from the depart ment of agriculture's publicity cam paign, might be promptly filled. Tire Factories Using More Cottcn Last evening in commenting on tho -situation Mr. Heard stated that from j the most reliable information that he could obtain while east, the manufac turers of automobile fabrics, which had been cut down to 25 per cent of normal as a war necessity and which furnished the greatest demand for Arizona Egyp- tion cotton, were now allowed to pro duce to 75 per cent of their normal out put and are soon expected to be able to run without restriction, using ap proximately 20.000 bales of long staple cotton per month. There is every indication that the shortage of rubber will soon be reme died: that with the shutting down of many essential war industries ample labor will be available, and that the manufacturers of automobile fabrics will soon be under full swing. He further stated that reports indi cated that the manufacturers of fine cotton fabrics in France, England, Switzerland and Spain are pracucally cleaned out of raw cotton and suggest ed that the normal place for shipping the Egyptian cotton would be to these markets rather than into the American markets with its existing oversupply.