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E ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-NINTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, .TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 31, 1918 10 PAGES VOL XXIX., NO. 222 Aavusn givis th: 7 - , - mn nwn nnpc-3nnorr mm y mm nisi firs BIGGEST NAVY IS DANIELS If League of Nations, Need ed for Policing If No League, for Protection Disarmament Mav Alter t Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON'. Ic. 30. Unless a Jcasue 'if nations or other tribunal that will mako certain the limitation of international, armament is estab lished, the I'mted States must build the greatest navy in the world, Secretary Daniels today told the house naval committee. "It is my firm conviction," declared the secretary, "that if the conference at Versailles does not result in a gen eral iigreement to put an end to naval building on the part of all the nations, then the United States must bend her will t.nd bend her energies, must give her men and give her money to the task of the creation of incomparably the greatest navy in the world" With tho completion of the proposed new three-year building program, add ing ten dreadhaughts, six battle cruis ers, ten scout cruisers and 130 smaller craft to the fleet, America still will rank second in naval strength to Great Britain, said the secretary, who ap peared before the committee to make his final recommendations for the 1920 navay bill which the committee is con sidering. "Does the president back the policy to make us the first naval power in the world?" asked Kepresentative Kelly of Michigan. Wilson Favors Biggest Navy '"Yes, if competitive building is to continue," said Mr. Dunic-ls. "We are easily the second naval power, but this frogram will not make us the first. The naval secretary said that if a leagut! of nations is established Amer ica must provide a large part of a world police force necessary to enforce the league's decrees. He added, however, that with such, a league formed, it would not be necessary to carry out the full construction program, and asked the commmittee to include in the bill, legislation empowering the presi dent 1o stop construction at his dis cretion, if an iniernational agreement sh ould make limitations of armament a certainty. "I would like to let the world know that we are tremendously interested in the president's proposition for reduc tion of armament," declared the secre tary. Iu reducing from $2n0,000.000 to $53i 000.000, the amount asked for work on the new building program during the year beginning next July, Secretary Daniels said that some further con struction was necessary, "because we want some more modern ships in our police force." Mr. Daniels gave the committee a report showing the relative strength of the navies of the leading nations of the world. Figures for the Japanese navy were not available, it was said. Reductions Are Noted Besides the reduction for the new liuilding program, the secretary sub mitted new estimates reducing the total, isked fer the navy during the next year, to $S!iu,S03,000. The original estimates submitted to congress, drawn while, the war was in progress, to talled $2,664,307,000. Pay of the navy under the new estimates will amount to $211,000,000 the secretary recom mending no permiuient increase in per sonnel, but asking for a temporary in crease to 250,000 men, until after the neace conference, when a definite pol icy as to the permanent establishment can be found. A huge increase in per sonnel was contemplated if the war had continued, the estimates originally palline for $479,948,000. The principal reductions included the elimination of the following items: New batteries $113,000,000; torpe does and. appliances, $125,000,000 and reserve ordnance supplies, $77,609,442. Reductions were made in all items re maining in the bill, the most important being ordnance $21,043,000; provisions $144,553,000; naval emergency fund, $115,145,000; medical department $3, 750,000; repairs, $37,500,000; engineer ing $35,000,000. The principal amounts recomrrlended include aviation $36,000,000; ordnance $33,95:1,000; provisions, $57,790,000; emergency fund '561,865,000; medical department $3,750,000; repair of ships, $37,500,000 and engineering $35,000,000. Says He Is Conservative In urging tho adoption by congress of the new three-year building pro gram, Secretary Daniels said the pro gram was "constructive." He also said that construction of big ships, delayed during the war, so that small craft to fight submarines could be built, would be pushed as rapidly as possible. "It is our duty to consider the ob ligations imposed upon America, if the peace conference now occupied at Versailles completes its work con structively and satisfactorily, as e all hope it will do," said Mr. Daniels. "Let us assume that this conference will give birth to some plan looking toward a concert of the nations for tho nudntenance of peace. It will be some manner of body to which differ ing nations will perforce submit their differences for adjudication, and which will b'3 sufficiently powerful to in duce asceptance of its decisions, when once they shall be made. Hack of that must lie a tremendous police power capable of compelling the disputants to accept the decisions of the arbi trators. 0 "It seems self-evident that a world police must be established to achieve this purpose, no matter what the con stitution or plan of operation of the . neace league may be. The world po lice will be very largely naval. If the United States is to participate in such a movement it must participate upon a scale commensurate wun us weaitn, intelligence, great population and scientific attainments. Any lesser participation would be a shirking of its duty. A contribution less in cost, strength or any detail of perfection than that of any other member of the league, would be unoigninea ana un (Continued On, Pago Two) MANCHESTER LIKES Make President Feel At Home Reception Informal and Democratic Speaks In City's Biggest Hall Visits All Parts of City Returns to London Has Farewill Din ner With King Ready Now for Paris and Italy Montana Joins Ranks of the Thirsty Crowd HELENA, Mont., Oec. 30. Mid night tonight saw Montana's state wide prohibition law in effect. Of ficials everywhere are pledged to enforcement. Doubt exists whether beverages containing (ess than two per cent alcohol may be served, and test cases are expected. Liq uor dealers in the cities generally were said to have sold our their stocks. BUTTE, Mont., Dec. 30. The saloon and Butte parted company " tonight, after an intimate relation ship extending over a half century, broken hitherto only by martial law which three times caused front doors to be locked. The prohibition law closed 250 saloons and three breweries in this illlPEilS DUBIOUS OVER COPPER STATUS TUCSON, Dec. 30. Arizona mine op erators in meeting here today were in clined to believe that curtailment of operations would become necessary, in the face of from eight hundred million to a billion pounds of surplus copper, but declined that in view of the vital interest of employees, further time should be given to investigation of the situation. Information from other cop per states indicated their operators equally uncertain as to steps to take. Developments attendinq the earl .'-n-uary actio- f the copper metal market are expe'eted to give light that will en able action along such lines as will best protect workmen and copper mine shareholders. Both would suffer great ly from complete suspension of copper production, an outcome that will prob ably only be averted by early curtail ment of present rate of output, which also means reduction in- employment. Federal Administrators Davies and Meyers were here today, but said they had no advices from Washington, en- ablirthem to advise the meeting as to government metal situation probabili ties, and therefore were unable to take any part in the meeting. The approximate fiqures used in ar riving at estimates of surplus copper were gathered by Secretary J. E, Curry of the Arizona Chapter of the American Mining congress. o IF I DIDN'T I WIS IALIST CHICAGO, Dec. 30 In the-trial of the five socialist leaders charged with conspiracy to violate the espionage law. Rev. Irwin St. John Tucker, a defendant accupied the stand a greater part of today. He admitted authorship of various anti-war pamphlets which were dis tributed by the million by the socialist party, but said he received no royalty for his work. He also admitted having delivered a large number of anti-war speeches attributed to him by the government. While being cross ex amined by District Attorney Clyne, in regard to radical statements alleged to have been made at different times, Tucker said: "I don't remember whether' I said that or not, but that is what I thought, and if I did not say it, I wish I had." The witness admitted having writ ten the advertisement published for weeks in the American Socialist, in which readers were advised not to buy Liberty Bonds. "Were you opposed to the sale of Liberty Bonds?" asked District Attor ney Clyne. "I most certainly was," replied Tucker. The witness admitted having stated in a speech that men appealing for army recruits were like the trained steer at the stock yards, that leads cattle to slaughter. Pro-Germanism Denied Rev. A. H. W. Anderson, rector of a Chicago Episcopal church, was called as a character witness for Tucker. He said that for two years, while he served as chairman of a local draft board. Tucker had acted as his assist ant at the church, often conducting the principal services. He said Tucker was a clergyman in good standing in the protestant Episcopal church. He said he had often talked to Tucker about the causes of the war, but had never heard him express a disloyal sentiment. JONES RETURNS BY PLANE WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. Th air plane in which Senator Jones left New York this afternoon, for his re turn trip to Washington, arrived here at :0 o clock. The only stop was at Philadelphia for a supply of fuel. sas E PARIS, Dec. 30 (By The Associ ated Press) President Wilson plans to spend New Year's day in Paris and leave for Italy New Year's ninht. He will return from Italy about Januar 10, when the inter-allied conference will as semble. It is generally understood that the president will remain in Europe for about a month after his return from Italy, and that he will take passage for America about Feb ruary 10. MANCHESTER, Dec. 30 (By The Associated Press) The people of Man chester made President Wilson a free man of their city today. They did more than that; they made him at home. It seemed as though all the men, women and children of the town, and many from Lancashire at large, cheered the president at some stage of the crowded five hours in which he made a sort of democratic royal progress from one point of interest to another, which was strenuous enough and vast enough to exhaust even the hardiest political campaigners. The general atmosphere of all the proceedings was intimate and friendly; often the people got near enough to shake hands. Even the ceremony of conferring the freedom of the city had a tone of homely simplicity, and seemed more like a college commencement than a formally staged ritual. The as sembly sang "For He's a Jolly Good Fellow,' which could hardly have oc curred at a state banquet in the Guild Hall. It was a nappy inspiration that led the aldermen to throw open the larg est hall in the city, instead of following custom by holding the ceremony in the municipal chamber. This by no mean3 reduced the effect of the important speech the president delivered. No Covenant With One Power His most important pronouncement, perhaps, to Englishmen, which he has made in England, that the United States would make no covenant with any powers except one with all the powers, was not lost upon his hearers. No other audience during his European appearances has absorbed the presi dent's utterances so eagerly, ho nnder standingly, and has so ' -lickly re sponded to even- point. N'o other aud ience has resembled so noticeably the character and types of people to whom the president has been accustomed to speak at home. Perhaps this was because Lancashire. ha contributed so many citizens to the United States, and has such close in dustrial connections, and follows Amer ican affairs with keener interest than most English counties. The first item in the day's pro gram was a drive to the famous docks which have made Manchester an In ternational port. Here the shipping extended a beflagged and vociferous greeting to the president, while the workmen from all the big warehouses end factories aroung hung from the windows and stood on the roofs. Part of the drive was through the poorer districts, where a few of the children were too poor even to have bought American nags to wave. Later the .president made a brief appearance in the balcony of the Royal exchange where he spoke. Finally he took lunch with 200 prominent men in the Midland hotel, where he made an acknowledgement of Manchester's hospitality. Only Weather Unfriendly Only the weather was unfriendly today. It was gray and thick, with intervals of rain, but this is typical of the season in the midlands, and it kept nobody indoors. Merchants, work men, farmers, soldiers, with countless thousands of women and children stood in the streets and rushed from point to point for a glimpse of the pres ident from another angle. Shaking hands with the lord mayor and the chief constable on parting, the president said: "Gentlemen, I congratulate you both. In all my travels I have not known ar rangements to go on so smoothly. You have given me a happy time. My only regret is that it was not longer. The last Manchester saw of the president, he stood on the platform of the royal train, hat in nand, with his military aide holding the dark blue presidential flag which had been pre sented by the people of France. The band played "The Star Spangled Ban ner." The red-robed lord mayor ami the blue and silver-bedecked chief constable were in the foreground, with an American guard of honor in th background, and there came a final tribute of cheers, stirring the flags which hung from the arches of the station. The president was the recipient of ovations along the railway from Man chester. The. people had gathered along the line near the city and near the suburbs and at various local cities on the route and cheered vigorously as the train passed. In a telegram regretting his inabil ity to visit Southampton and receive the freedom of the city, the president. expressed his cordial thanks for the honor and said: "It would have been a great pleasure but it is absolutely necessary for mo to return ,to France on Tuesday." Farewell to King George LONDON, Dec. 30. (By tho As sociated Press) The farewell dinner given, in the state dining room at Buckingham Palace tonight by King George and Queen Mary, in honor of President Wilson and Mrs. Wilson, was a" private function. There was no procession into the dining room, which was decorated with yellow, and there were no speeches or toasts. The grenadier guards' band played during the dinner, but no national anthems were rendered. Those who sat down to dinner were the king and queen. President and Mrs. Wilson, Princess Mary, Prince Henry, Prince George, the duke of Connaught, John W. Davis, the Amer- ( Continued On rage Two) WILSON U BIGS FORTH SIP LETTER DF DANIELS Accused of Breaking Faith With Congress Charge of Misdating Also Made--Postmaster Writes Spicy Letter to Senator Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. Criticism of Postmaster General Burleson for taking over the marine cables after the signing of the armistice was renewed today in the senate Senator Hitchcock of Nebraska, chairman of the foreign relations committee, precipitated the discussion after presenting a letter from Mr. Burleson, in which the post master general denied that he had ex ceeded his authority, and asserted that the order taking over the cables had been sisned bv the president Novem ber 2. 1 Senator Hitchcock said the postmas ter general had come "very close to breaking faith with congress," and that he wis not ,,istified in taking over the cables after hostilities ceased. He also accused Mr. Burleson of suppressing the order for sjme time. Senator Wilson, republican, of In diana, charged that the date on the or der had originally been fixed at No vember 14, but because of the signing of the armistice sooner than expected, it was changed to November 2. "When the order was made," said Senator Watson, "the date was first put down as November 14. the armis tice having been signed on the 11th of that month. Afterwards, the date was erased and November 2 was inserted, f have every reason to believe that that fact is susceptible of proof. The object of it is apparent without comment." Burleson Makes Denials Senator Kellogg of Minnesota, repub Iiean, said he had been informed the order was signed by the president on .November ", but it was lot counter signed b'- the secretary of state, and it was never published or exhibited to anyone until after the war had closed and -he armistice been signed." "Even the date -hen it was exhibited to one of the telegraph companies was blank, and the order was never made before the signing of the armistice," Senator Kellogg declared. In his 'ettcr to Senator Hitchcock, Mr. Burleson said: Ol course, my dear senator, no one knows better than you, that a public official is not called upon to notice the motithings of irresponsible blather skites who may criticize or misrepre sent his official actions, but when : critical statement is made by a senator or the Vnited States, it not only jusi- nes out cans tor response. Denies Mail Delays Also "Of course, it is not true that I have of my own will ruthlessly seized and taKen possession , of these cables: of course it is not true that I have taken possession of them just to gratify mv personal convictions, personal opinion and personal wishes; of course it is not true that I have reached out to control business activities, the congress did not intend to put into my hands. I feel that a reply to all such charges can ne conclusively made bv Quotations from a motion to dismiss, filed by the representative of the law department of our government, m-de bv direction of the attorney general of the 'United States, to a silly suit recent'- institued ror publicity purposes, iri a court room known to be without jurisdiction iiKniiinu me postmaster general, in which these unfounded charges are set tortn. Mr. Burleson in his letter also branded as "utterly without founda tion charges that much of the mail addressed to soldiers overseas fails to reach its destination. The department ne saia, naa delivered to the various military units in France nearly seven minion pieces Of mail each month w hich had been done on an average of oetier tnan 30 day- time fro- the av erage date of postmarking, to the de livery of mail abroad." o FASTER OIES AT 91 Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN DIEGO, Cal., Dec. 30. Dr. Henry S. Tanner, aged 91 years, died in this city Saturday at the county hos pital. after an illness of nearly a year, Dr. Tanners practical application of the theory that health and long life depended upon long periods of fasting attracted world-wide attention a num ber of years ago. Earned World Attention CHICAGO, Dec. 30. Dr. Henry Tanner first came to notice in 1877, Minneapolis, Minn., when he abstainei from food for 42 days, vindicating his belief that abstinence from food would relieve asthma, rheumatism and ail ment of the heart. Owing to widespread doubt, especial ly in medical circles, as to the genuine ness of his exploit. Tanner offered to repeat the performance under any cir cumstances which might be named, After long negotiations the test was arranged, and in the summer of 1SS0, in New York, he underwent a fast of 40 days. For fourteen days he was confined in a bare room, and was al lowed neither water nor exercise. The last 26 days of his fast, he was per' mitted to take a short walk, through Central Park, and to drink from spring. He suffered no ill efects from the fast The press at that ttme devoted entire pages to the test and Tanner's exploit was the subject lor discussion by ESOfJ CRITICISM TIE FAMOUS medical men for many years. , Chamberlain Scathing In Denunciation Same Charges Drew Reprimand From Wilson Before Berates Cong ress For Laggard Legislation Lauds British Demobilization Praises American Army. ASIIDsGTOX, Dec. 30. Senator Chamberlain of Oregon, chairman of the senate military committee, spoke for more than three hours today in the senate, hi criticism of the war department, dealing particularly with what he termed the failure to provide for returning wounded soldiers plan for demobilization. Reiterates Charges Made Before The senator reiterated manv of the charges he made in his address at New York, the war and in a subsequent hat information that had come to light since, had justi- led the statements he had made. Senator Chamberlain's New York address brought resident Wilson. . Referring indirectly todav to that criticism the Oregon senator purpose now was to bring about an improvement in condi tions. Condemns Hospital Facilities Senator Chamberlain, who was heard by crowded gal- eries, said the war department is pursuing, with regard to hospital facilities, the same prosecution of the war many partment," he declared, "paid one-half the attention to preparations for receiving ing legislation -through congress m order to protect con tractors who made contracts for war supplies over the tel ephone in violation of law, this matter would soon be settled." Praises British The need for a definite irgcd bv the senator, who said unrest anions: the men in cantonments and overseas would cease. He praised the British o civil lite, saying it was iramed along economic lines. The senator was frequently interrupted by questions 'rom other senators but there was no general debate. - In concluding, Senator Chamberlain paid a tribute to he American armv in France,' saying that only once, and then by command of the French officer in charge, had an American unit ever given ground before the enemy.- Xo armv in all the history ot the such a brilliant record. PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 30. T h e homes of Justice Robert Von Moscb- zisker of the state supreme court, Judge James E. Gorman of the muni cipal court and Acting Superintendent of Police Mills, located m widely sep arated sections of the city, were dam aged by bombs late tonight. In each instance shrapnel bombs were used and the force of the explosions was so great that all the occupants of the houses were hurled from their Deus. No one was seriously injured. The home of Justice Moschzisker was wrecked by the explosion, which shat tered nearly every window in tne block. Mrs. William G. Knowles wife of Judge Knowles, of the municipal court, who lives across the street from Justice Moschzisker, was injured by the flying shrapnel. Mrs. Von Mosch zisker was struck on the heau with fragments of the bomb but was not badly hurt. - Acting Superintendent Mills, who lives in an apartment in West Phila delphia was blown from his bed but escaped with minor cuts and bruises. Scraps of paper found in front of the Mills' home expressed hatred of soldiers, judges, priests and parasites. They declared that these classes of men substituted upon the stealings from brothers" and that their rule was at an end. The police were at a loss to explain the explosions. Details of police were hurried to the homes of Lnited States Senator Penrose, Mayor Smith, the judges of the federal courts and other prominent citizens, for fear they also might ba attacked. POSTOFFICE BLOWS UP KILLS 12; INJURES 12 LEBANON, N. J., Dec. 30. Twelve persons were killed here tonight and 12 others injured by two gas explo sions in the Lebanon postoffice. The first explosion blew the roof from the building and the second caused the walls to collapse, burying all within the building debris. Nearly a score of persons were wait ing in the postoffice for the evening mail, when the explosions occurred, and so far as is known every person in the building was killed or Injured. Several persons in the street were in jured by falling debris. , in addition to the postoffice, the wrecked building contained a candy store and club rooms, and a number of persons in these were victims of the explosions. o , DENY CENTRAL POWERS PARIS, Dec. 30. The central powers will not be admitted to the peace con gress early in the negotiations, accord ing to an outline given to the Midi, by a French diplomat who is engaged in framing the program of the freliminar ie to the congress. HOMES OF JUDGES ATTACKED B! BOMBS adequate hospital facilities and Co formulate a definite ! soon after the nation entered address in the senate, and said about a sharp statement from said his purpose then and his dilatory tactics it did in the months ago. "If the war de these boys as they are to get- Demobilization policy of demobilization was that if one were established. plan for returning soldiers world, he declared, nad made ELEPHANTS HAVE PICNIC WINNIPEG, Man., Dec. CO. Four elephants brought here to perform in a vaudeville theater this week, broke away from their keepers today and made Winnipeg their playground for three hours. One of the animals be came wedged between two houses and pulled part of the walls away with her. She then paid an informal visit to the general hospital power house, broke in the door with a gentle rap. and advanced in a friendly fashion to meet Engineer J. Krai, who was in charge. Krnl rubbed his leyes and dis appeared. The animal scratched her back on the switchboard, reducing it to twisted metal. The four truants were finally captured. C. Lehmann's leg was broken when three of the ele phants entered the building he was in, and rushd him through the other side. o RED X ROLL 723,432 SAN FRANCISCO, Dec 30. Califor nia, Nevada an,d Arizona registered 723,432 members for the American Red Cross Christian roll" call, it was an nounced today. HAVE YOU MAILED THAT The ARIZONA REPUPLICAM Daily and Sunday Seven Days a Week Every Morning The Republican is the only newspaper in Arizona publishing seven days in the week 52 issues more than any other paper in the state. You are entitled to the best. Mail that $6.50 to The Republican today offer good only once each year. Eighth Annual Bargain Offer Good Once Each Year Only ACTION OF FRANCE IS HAPPY ONE Announcement of Peace Plans Hailed By Ameri can Delegation Clemen ceau Gains Confidence of Chamber Xations Are Closer Than Before TAR1S, Dec. 30. This has been the most active day's discussion in peace conference circles since the American delegation arrived, as the declarations of Premier Clemenceau and Foreign Minister Pichon in the chamber of dep uties last night gave a rallying point, in the form of the first official an nouncement on the plans of the French government. The statements disclosed that France had determined upon its line ot action. practically on all the questions in volved, including a society of natiors, on which M. Pichon said the details were being formulated. Premier Clemenccau's statement on the freedom of the seas was the first announcement from a huzh authorita tive source This was accepted as showing that the British and French viewpoints were in accord. M. Clemen - ceau's reference to his talks with Pres ident Wilson indicated that they hal tended to bring out the significance of the French premier's previous conver sations with the British prime minister, regarding the action of the British fleet during the war, without which he ad mitted France could not have continued the war, as well, as his favorable atti tude toward the future British fleet. Clemenceau Gains Confidence The sentiment prevails in conference circles here, that the American atti tude will not become definite until fur ther knowledge is obtained, concerning the conversations between President Wilson. Premier Clemenceau and Pre mier Lloyd George. M- Clemenceau's overwhelming mi. jority on the vote of confidence in the chamber of deputies makes him a com manding figuure in France, similar to that of Lloyd George, as a result of tie British elections. It is expected that the names of the French peace dele gates will soon be announced as a re 'sult of the strong support given to the cabinet. Say Things All Awry PARIS, Dec. 30 La Liberte, in an editorial today, scores the opposition for yesterday's debate in the chamber of deputies, charging that it was en deavoring to arouse between Premier Clemenceau, and President Wilson an artificial conflict, although it asserts cordiality, mutual esteem and agree ment on general views exist between the prime minister and the president. Deputy Paul Mounier, director of Ve rite, the socialist organ, and mouth piece of former Premier Caillaux. in an editorial with regard to the views of President Wilson and Premier Clemen ceau says: "The two men have nothing in com mon. On the one side is the old policy of military alliances, ruinous arma ments, eternal w-r and secret diplo macy; on the other side democracy, mistress of herself, is imposing a uni versal alliance of the peoples on out of date governments. There is now an abyss between France and America."